List of Kandyan monarchs

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King of Kingdom of Kandy
King of Kandy.svg
Royal Standard
King Sri Vikrama Rajasinha (1780-1832).JPG
Sri Vikrama Rajasinha
Details
First monarchSenasammata Vikramabahu
Last monarchVikrama Rajasinha
Formation1469
Abolition1815
ResidenceRoyal Palace

The Kandyan monarchs ruled the Kingdom of Kandy from 1469 to 1815. The Kingdom was first established by Senasammata Vikramabahu, a royal from the Kingdom of Kotte, when he led the secession of the Kande uda pas rata (‘the five regions of the hill country’), a realm of the Kingdom of Kotte, during the reign of Parakramabahu VI.[1][2] Vikramabahu, who founded the city of Kandy reigned for 4 decades, setting an example of longevity and stability for the new kingdom.[1][3] It is possible to say that the Kingdom of Kandy was ruled by three dynasties, the House of Siri Sanga Bo, the House of Dinajara and the Nayaks of Kandy.[2]

House of Siri Sanga Bo (1473–1592)[edit]

Portrait Name Birth Death King From King Until Relationship with Predecessor(s)
King of Kandy.svg Senasammata Vikramabahu - - 1469 1511 *Belongs to Kotte Royal Blood line
*Leader of the Kandyan secession from Kotte
King of Kandy.svg Jayavira Bandara - - 1511 1552 *Son of Senasammata
King of Kandy.svg Karalliyadde Bandara - - 1552 1582 *Son of Jayaweera
Queen Dona Catherina.JPG Kusumasana Devi - - 1581 1581 *Daughter of Karalliyadde
King of Kandy.svg Rajasinha I
(a.k.a. Tikiri Banda)
1544 1593 1581 1591 *Deposed Kusumasana Devi

House of Dinajara (1590–1739)[edit]

Portrait Name Birth Death King From King Until Relationship with Predecessor(s)
SpilbergenVimala.jpg Vimaladharmasuriya I - 1604 1590 1604 *Son of Weerasundara Bandara
King of Kandy.svg Senarat - 1635 1604 1635 *Cousin of Vimala Dharma Suriya I
King Rajasingha II (1608-1687).jpg Rajasinghe II 1608 December 6, 1687 1635 November 25, 1687 *Son of Senarat and Kusumasana Devi
King of Kandy.svg Vimaladharmasurya II - June 4, 1707 1687 June 4, 1707 *Son of King Rajasinghe II
King of Kandy.svg Vira Narendra Sinha
(a.k.a. Sri Vira Parakrama Narendra Singha)
1690 May 13, 1739 June 4, 1707 May 13, 1739 *Son of Vimala Dharma Suriya II

House of Kandy Nayakar (1739–1815)[edit]

Portrait Name Birth Death King From King Until Relationship with Predecessor(s)
King of Kandy.svg Sri Vijaya Rajasinha
(a.k.a. Rajasimha III)
- August 11, 1747 May 13, 1739 August 11, 1747 *Brother-in-law of Narendra Singha
King of Kandy.svg Kirti Sri Rajasinha 1734 January 2, 1782 August 11, 1747 January 2, 1782 *Sri Vijaya Raja Singha's wife's eldest brother from Madura
Sri Rajadhi Raja Sinha, King of Kandy, on his throne.jpg Sri Rajadhi Rajasinha - July 26, 1798 January 2, 1782 July 26, 1798 *Brother of Kirthi Sri Raja Singha
King Sri Vikrama Rajasinha (1780-1832).JPG Sri Vikrama Rajasinha
(a.k.a. Rajasimha IV)
1780 Jan 30, 1832 July 26, 1798 March 5, 1815 *Nephew of Sri Rajadhi Raja Singha

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b Dewaraja 1985, p. 120.
  2. ^ a b Obeyesekere 2017, p. 161.
  3. ^ De Silva 2005, p. 140.

Bibliography[edit]

  • De Silva, K. M. (2005). A history of Sri Lanka ([Revised.] ed.). Delhi: Vijitha Yapa Publications. ISBN 9558095923.
  • Dewaraja, Lorna (1985). "THE KANDYAN KINGDOM : THE SECRET OF ITS SURVIVAL". Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society Sri Lanka Branch New Series. Vol. 30: 120–135. JSTOR 23730765.
  • Gananath Obeyesekere (2017). "Between the Portuguese and the Nāyakas: the many faces of the Kandyan Kingdom, 1591– 1765". In Biedermann, Zoltan; Strathern, Alan (eds.). Sri Lanka at the crossroads of history. London: UCL Press. ISBN 9781911307846.

External links[edit]