Kangxi radical

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List of Kangxi radicals in a font imitating the original character shapes of the Kangxi Dictionary.

The 214 Kangxi radicals (康熙部首) form a system of radicals (部首) of Chinese characters. The radicals are numbered in stroke count order. They are the de facto standard used as the basis for most modern Chinese dictionaries, such that reference to "radical 61", for example, without additional context, refers to the 61st radical of the Kangxi Dictionary, ; xīn "heart".

Originally introduced in the 1615 Zihui, they are named in relation to the Kangxi Dictionary of 1716 (Kāngxī being the era name for 1662–1723). The system of 214 Kangxi radicals is based on the older system of 540 radicals used in the Han-era Shuowen Jiezi.

Statistics[edit]

Distribution of the number of entries per radical in the Kangxi Dictionary

The Kangxi dictionary lists a total of 47,035 characters divided among the 214 radicals, for an average of 220 characters per radical, but distribution is unequal, the median number of characters per radical being 64, with a maximum number of 1,902 characters (for radical 140 ) and a minimum number of five (radical 138 ). The radicals have between one and seventeen strokes, the median number of strokes being 5 while the average number of strokes is slightly below 5.7.

The ten radicals with the largest number of characters account for 10,665 characters (or 23% of the dictionary). The same ten radicals account for 7,141 out of 20,992 characters (34%) in the Unicode CJK Unified Ideographs block as introduced in 1992, as follows:

Radical Kangxi Dictionary CJK Unified Ideographs
Radical 140 "grass" 1,902 characters 981 characters
(U+8278–864C)
Radical 85 "water" 1,595 characters 1,079 characters
(U+6C34–706A)
Radical 75 "tree" 1,369 characters 1,016 characters
(U+6728–6B1F)
Radical 64 "hand" 1,203 characters 740 characters
(U+624B–652E)
Radical 30 "mouth" 1,146 characters 756 characters
(U+53E3–56D6)
Radical 61 "heart" 1,115 characters 581 characters
(U+5FC3–6207)
Radical 142 "insect" 1,067 characters 469 characters
(U+866B–883F)
Radical 118 "bamboo" 953 characters 378 characters
(U+7AF9–7C72)
Radical 149 "speech" 861 characters 567 characters
(U+8A00–8C36)
Radical 120 "silk" 823 characters 574 characters
(U+7CF8–7F35)

Modern dictionaries[edit]

Modern Chinese dictionaries continue to use the Kangxi radical-stroke order, both in traditional zidian (字典, lit. "character/logograph dictionary") for written Chinese characters and modern cidian (辭典 "word/phrase dictionary") for spoken expressions. The 214 Kangxi radicals act as a de facto standard, which may not be duplicated exactly in every Chinese dictionary, but which few dictionary compilers can afford to completely ignore. They also serve as the basis for many computer encoding systems, including Unihan. The number of radicals may be reduced in modern practical dictionaries, as some of the more obscure Kangxi radicals do not form any characters that remain in frequent use. Thus, the Oxford Concise English–Chinese Dictionary (ISBN 0-19-596457-8), for example, has 188 radicals. The Xinhua Zidian, a pocket-sized character dictionary containing about 13,000 characters, uses 189 radicals. A few dictionaries also introduce new radicals, treating groups of radicals that are used together in many different characters as a kind of radical. For example, Hanyu Da Cidian, the most inclusive available Chinese dictionary (published in 1993) has 23,000 head character entries organised by a novel system of 200 radicals.

Table of radicals[edit]

No. Radical (variants) Stroke count Meaning Pīnyīn Sino-
Vietnamese

(Hán-Việt)
Hiragana-Romaji Hangeul-Romaja Frequency Simplified Examples
1 1 one nhất いち / ichi 한일 / hanil 42 七三丈不丘世
2 1 line gǔn cổn ぼう / bō 뚫을곤 / ddulheulgon 21
3 1 dot zhǔ chủ てん / ten 점주 / jeomju 10 丸, 主
4 丿 1 slash piě phiệt の / no 삐침별 / bbichimbyeol 33 久,之,乎
5 乙 (⺄, 乚) 1 second ất おつ / otsu 새을 / saeeul 42 九,也
6 1 hook jué quyết はねぼう / hanebō 갈고리궐 / galgorigweol 19 了,事
7 2 two èr nhị ふた / futa 두이 / dui 29 五,井,些,亞
8 2 lid tóu đầu なべぶた / nabebuta 돼지해머리 / dwaejihaemeori 38 亡,交,京
9 人 (亻,𠆢) 2 man rén nhân
(đứng, nón)
ひと / hito 사람인 (변) / saramin (byeon) 794 仁,休,位,今
10 2 son, legs ér nhi
nhân đi
にんにょう / ninnyō 어진사람인발 / eojinsaraminbal 52 兄,元
11 2 enter nhập いる / iru 들입 / deurip 28 入,全,兩
12 2 eight bát はちがしら / hachigashira 여덟팔 / yeodeolbpal 44 公,六,共,兵
13 2 (down box) jiōng quynh
khuynh
まきがまえ / makigamae 멀경몸 / meolgyeongmom 50 内,再
14 2 cover mịch わかんむり / wakammuri 민갓머리 / mingatmeori 30 冗,冠
15 2 ice bīng băng にすい / nisui 이수변 / isubyeon 115 冬,冶,冷,凍
16 2 table kỷ つくえ / tsukue 안석궤 / anseokgwe 38
17 2 (open box) khảm うけばこ / ukebako 위튼입구몸 / witeunipgumom 23 凶,出,函
18 刀 (刂) 2 knife dāo đao かたな / katana (선) 칼도 (방) / (seon) kaldo (bang) 377 刀,分,切,初,利,刻,則,前
19 2 power lực ちから / chikara 힘력 / himryeok 163 力,加,助,勉
20 2 wrap bāo bao つつみがまえ / tsutsumigamae 쌀포몸 / ssalpomom 64 勾,包
21 2 spoon chủy さじのひ / sajinohi 비수비 / bisubi 19 化,北
22 2 (right open box) fāng phương はこがまえ / hakogamae 튼입구몸 / teunipgumom 64
23 2 hiding enclosure xǐ/xì hệ かくしがまえ / kakushigamae 감출혜몸 / gamchulhyemom 17 匹,區
24 2 ten shí thập じゅう / jū 열십 / yeolsip 55 十,千,午,半,博
25 2 divination bốc ぼくのと / bokunoto 점복 / jeombok 45 占,卦
26 卩 (㔾) 2 seal (device) jié tiết ふしづくり / fushizukuri 병부절 / byeongbujeol 40 印,危,卵
27 2 cliff hǎn[1] hán がんだれ / gandare 민엄호 / mineomho 129 (pr. chǎng) 厚,原
28 2 private khư む / mu 마늘모 / maneulmo 40 去,參
29 2 again yòu hựu また / mata 또우 / ddou 91 友,反,取,受
30 3 mouth kǒu khẩu くち / kuchi 입구 / ipgu 1,146 口,古,可,名,君,否,呉,告,周,味,命,和,哲,唐,善,器
31 3 enclosure wéi vi くにがまえ / kunigamae 큰입구 (몸) / keunipgu (mom) 118 四,回,國,圖
32 3 earth thổ つち / tsuchi 흙토 / heulkto 580 土,在,地,型,城,場,壁,壓
33 3 scholar shì さむらい / samurai 선비사 / seonbisa 24 士,壹
34 3 go zhǐ truy/trĩ ふゆがしら / fuyugashira 뒤져올치 / dwijyeoolchi 11
35 3 go slowly suī truy/tuy すいにょう / suinyō 천천히걸을쇠발 / cheoncheonhigeoreulsoebal 23
36 3 evening tịch ゆうべ / yūbe 저녁석 / jeonyeokseok 34 夕,外,多,夜
37 3 big đại だい / dai 큰대 / keundae 132 大,天,奈,奧
38 3 woman nữ おんな / onna 계집녀 / gyejipnyeo 681 女,好,妄,妻,姉,始,姓,姫
39 3 child tử こ / ko 아들자 / adeulja 83 子,孔,字,學
40 3 roof mián miên うかんむり / ukammuri 갓머리 / gatmeori 246 守,家,寒,實
41 3 inch cùn thốn すん / sun 마디촌 / madichon 40 寸,寺,尊,將
42 小 (⺌, ⺍) 3 small xiǎo tiểu しょう / shō 작을소 / jageulso 41 小,少
43 尢 (尣) 3 lame wāng uông まげあし / mageashi 절름발이왕 / jeolleumbariwang 66 尤,就
44 3 corpse shī thi しかばね / shikabane 주검시엄 / jugeomsieom 148 尺,局
45 3 sprout chè triệt てつ / tetsu 왼손좌 / oensonjwa 38
46 3 mountain shān sơn やま / yama 뫼산 / moesan 636 山,岡,岩,島
47 巛 (川, 巜) 3 river chuān xuyên まがりがわ / magarigawa 개미허리 (내천) / gaemiheori (naecheon) 26 川,州,巡
48 3 work gōng công たくみ / takumi 장인공 / jangingong 17 工,左,巫,差
49 3 oneself kỷ おのれ / onore 몸기 / momgi 20 己,巳
50 3 turban jīn cân はば / haba 수건건 / sugeongeon 295 市,布,帝,常
51 3 dry gān can ほす / hosu 방패간 / bangpaegan 9 平,年
52 3 short thread yāo yêu いとがしら / itogashira 작을요 / jageulyo 50 幻,幼
53 广 3 (dotted cliff) guǎng nghiễm まだれ / madare 엄호 / eomho 15 序,店,府,度,座,庭,廣,廳
54 3 long stride yǐn dẫn えんにょう / ennyō 민책받침 / minchaekbatchim 9
55 3 (two hands) gǒng củng にじゅうあし / nijūashi 스물입발 / sumeuripbal 50
56 3 shoot dặc しきがまえ / shikigamae 주살익 / jusarik 15 式,弑
57 3 bow gōng cung ゆみ / yumi 활궁 / hwalgung 165 弓,引,弟,弱,彌
58 彐 (彑) 3 snout ký/kệ けいがしら / keigashira 튼가로왈 / teungarowal 25 当,彖
59 3 bristle shān sam さんづくり / sandzukuri 터럭삼 / teoreoksam 62 形,彦
60 3 step chì sách ぎょうにんべん / gyōnimben 두인변 / duinbyeon 215 役,彼,後,得,徳,徼
61 心 (忄,⺗) 4 heart xīn tâm りっしんべん / risshimben 마음심 (심방변 / 마음심밑) / maeumsim (simbangbyeon / maeumsimmit) 1,115 必,忙,忌,性,悪,情,想
62 4 halberd qua かのほこ / kanohoko 창과 / changgwa 116 成,式,弐,戦
63 戶 (户,戸) 4 door hộ と / to 지게호 / jigeho 44 戸,戻,所
64 手 (扌,龵) 4 hand shǒu thủ て / te 손수 (재방변) / sonsu (jaebangbyeon) 1,203 手,才,持,掛,挙,拜,拳,掌,掣,擧 (打,批,技,抱,押)
65 4 branch zhī chi しにょう / shinyō 지탱할지 / jitaenghalji 26 攱,攲
66 攴 (攵) 4 rap, tap phộc ぼくづくり / bokuzukuri 칠복 (등글월문) / chilbok (deunggeulweolmun) 296 收,敍,數,斅
67 4 script wén văn ぶん / bun 글월문 / geulweolmun 26 文,斊,斈,斌,斐,斑,斕
68 4 dipper dǒu đẩu とます / tomasu 말두 / maldu 32 料,斡
69 4 axe jīn cân おの / ono 날근 / nalgeun 55 斦,斧,新,斥,斬,斷
70 4 square fāng phương ほう / hō 모방 / mobang 92 方,放,旅,族
71 无 (旡) 4 not なし / nashi 이미기방 / imigibang 12 无,旡,既,旣
72 4 sun nhật にち / nichi 날일 / naril 453 日,白,百,明,的,映,時,晩
73 4 say yuē viết いわく / iwaku 가로왈 / garowal 37 書,最,晉,曷,曹,曾
74 4 moon yuè nguyệt つき / tsuki 달월 / dalweol 69 有,服,青,朝
75 4 tree mộc き / ki 나무목 / namumok 1,369 木,杢,板,相,根,森,楽,機,末,本,杉,林
76 4 lack qiàn khiếm あくび / akubi 하품흠 / hapumheum 235 欣,欽,欧,欲,歌
77 4 stop zhǐ chỉ とめる / tomeru 그칠지 / geulchilji 99 正,歩,此,步,武,歪,歲
78 歹 (歺) 4 death dǎi ngạt/đãi がつ / gatsu 죽을사변 / jukeulsabyeon 231 死,列,殕
79 4 weapon shū thù ほこつくり / hokotsukuri 갖은등글월문 / gajeundeunggeulweolmun 93 役,投,殴,殷
80 毋 (母, ⺟) 4 do not なかれ / nakare 말무 / malmu 16 毋,母,毎,姆,梅
81 4 compare tỷ くらべる / kuraberu 견줄비 / gyeonjulbi 21 皆,批,毕,毖,毘,毚
82 4 fur máo mao け / ke 터럭모 / teoreokmo 211 毟,毡,毦,毫,毳,耗
83 4 clan shì thị うじ / uji 각시씨 / gaksissi 10 氏,民,紙,婚,氓
84 4 steam khí きがまえ / kigamae 기운기엄 / giungieom 17 気,汽,氧
85 水 (氺,氵) 4 water shuǐ thủy みず / mizu (아래) 물수 (삼수변) / (arae) mulsu (samsubyeon) 1,595 水,永,泳,決,治,海,演,漢,瀬
86 火 (灬) 4 fire huǒ hỏa ひ / hi 불화 (연화발) / bulhwa (yeonhwabal) 639 火,灯,毯,爆 (烈,烹,焦,然,煮)
87 爪 (爫) 4 claw zhǎo trảo つめ / tsume 손톱조 / sontopjo 36 爬,爯,爭,爰,爲
88 4 father phụ ちち / chichi 아비부 / bu 10 斧,釜
89 4 (double x) yáo hào こう / kō 점괘효 / jeomgwaehyo 16 爼,爽,爾
90 爿 (丬) 4 (half tree trunk) qiáng tường しょうへん / shōhen 장수장변 / jangsujangbyeon 48 牀,奘,牃
91 4 slice piàn phiến かた / kata 조각편 / jogakpyeon 77 版,牌,牒
92 4 fang nha きば / kiba 어금니아 / eogeumnia 9 芽,呀,牚
93 牛 (牜, ⺧) 4 cow niú ngưu うし / ushi 소우 / sou 233 告,牟,牧,物,特,解
94 犬 (犭) 4 dog quǎn khuyển いぬ / inu 개견 (개사슴록변) / gaegyeon (gaesaseumnokbyeon) 444 犬,犯,狂,狙,狗,献,獣
95 5 profound xuán huyền げん / gen 검을현 / geomeulhyeon 6 弦,玆
96 玉 (玊, 王, ⺩) 5 jade ngọc たま / tama 구슬옥변 / guseulokbyeon 473 王,玉,主,弄,皇,理,差,聖
97 5 melon guā qua うり / uri 오이과 / oigwa 55 呱,瓞
98 5 tile ngõa かわら / kawara 기와와 / giwawa 174 瓧,瓮,甄
99 5 sweet gān cam あまい / amai 달감 / dalgam 22 柑,甜,酣
100 5 life shēng sinh うまれる / umareru 날생 / nalshaeng 22 牲,笙,甥
101 5 use yòng (shuǎi) dụng もちいる / mochiiru 쓸용 / sseulyong 10 佣,甬,甯
102 5 field tián điền た / ta 밭전 / batjeon 192 田,町,思,留,略,番
103 疋 (⺪) 5 bolt of cloth thất/sơ ひき / hiki 짝필 / jjakpil 15 疏,楚,胥,延
104 5 sickness nạch やまいだれ / yamaidare 병질엄 / byeongjileom 526 病,症,痛,癌,癖
105 5 dotted tent, legs bát はつがしら / hatsugashira 필발머리 / pilbalmeori 15 発,登
106 5 white bái bạch しろ / shiro 흰백 / heuinbaek 109 皃,的,皆,皇
107 5 skin けがわ / kegawa 가죽피 / gajukpi 94 披,彼,波
108 5 dish mǐn mãnh さら / sara 그릇명 / geureutmyeong 129 盂,盉,盍,監,蘯
109 5 eye mục め / me 눈목 / nunmok 647 目,見,具,省,眠,眼,観,覧
110 5 spear máo mâu むのほこ / munohoko 창모 / changmo 65 茅,矜
111 5 arrow shǐ thỉ や / ya 화살시 / hwasalsi 64 医,族,矩
112 5 stone shí thạch いし / ishi 돌석 / dolseok 499 石,岩,砂,破,碑,碧
113 示 (礻) 5 spirit shì thị/kỳ しめす / shimesu 보일시 (변) / boilsi (byeon) 213 示,礼,社,奈,神,祭,視,禁,福
114 5 track róu nhựu ぐうのあし / gūnoashi 짐승발자국유 / jimseungbaljagugyu 12 禹,禺,禽
115 5 grain hòa のぎ / nogi 벼화 / byeohwa 431 利,私,季,和,科,香,秦,穀
116 5 cave xué huyệt あな / ana 구멍혈 / gumeonghyeol 298 空,突,窅,窘,窩,窶,竇
117 5 stand lập たつ / tatsu 설립 / seollip 101 立,音,産,翌,意,新,端,親,競
118 竹 (⺮) 6 bamboo zhú trúc たけ / take 대죽 / daejuk 953 竺,笑,第,等,簡
119 6 rice mễ こめ / kome 쌀미 / ssalmi 318 料,断,奥,糊,麟
120 糸 (糹) 6 silk mịch/ty いと / ito 실사 / silsa 823 系,級,紙,素,細,組,終,絵,紫
121 6 jar fǒu phẫu ほとぎ / hotogi 장군부 / janggunbu 77 缶,缸,窑,陶
122 网 (罒,⺲,罓,⺳) 6 net wǎng võng あみがしら / amigashira 그물망 / geumulmang 163 買,罪,置,羅
123 羊 (⺶,⺷) 6 sheep yáng dương ひつじ / hitsuji 양양 / yangyang 156 着,羚,翔,着
124 6 feather はね / hane 깃우 / gisu 220 習,翀,翁,翔
125 老 (耂) 6 old lǎo lão おい / oi 늙을로 / neulgeullo 22 耆,孝,耋
126 6 and ér nhi しかして / shikashite 말이을이 / malieuri 22 耎,耐,耑
127 6 plow lěi lỗi らいすき / raisuki 가래뢰 / garaeroe 84 耔,耝,耨,耰
128 6 ear ěr nhĩ みみ / mimi 귀이 / gwii 172 取,聞,職,叢
129 聿 (⺻) 6 brush duật ふでづくり / fudezukuri 붓율 / busyul 19 律,書,建
130 肉 (⺼) 6 meat ròu nhục にく / niku 고기육 (육달월) / gogiyuk (yukdalwol) 674 肉,肖,股,胃,腅,脤
131 6 minister chén thần しん / shin 신하신 / sinhasin 16 臥,宦,蔵
132 6 self tự みずから / mizukara 스스로자 / seuseuroja 34 自,臫,臬,臲
133 6 arrive zhì chí いたる / itaru 이를지 / ireulji 24 致,臸,臺
134 6 mortar jiù cữu うす / usu 절구구 (변) / jeolgugu (byeon) 71 桕,舅,舂,鼠,插
135 6 tongue shé thiệt した / shita 혀설 / hyeoseol 31 乱,适,話,舍
136 6 oppose chuǎn suyễn ます / masu 어그러질천 / eogeureojilcheon 10 舛,舜,舞
137 6 boat zhōu chu ふね / fune 배주 / baeju 197 航,船,艦
138 6 stopping gēn cấn こん / kon 괘이름간 / gwaeireumgan 5 良,飲,很
139 6 color sắc いろ / iro 빛색 / bitsaek 21 色,艴,艷
140 艸 (艹) 6 grass cǎo thảo くさ / kusa 풀초 (초두머리) / pulcho (chodumeori) 1,902 共,花,英,苦,草,茶,落,幕,靴,鞄,薬
141 6 tiger とらかんむり / torakammuri 범호엄 / beomhoeom 114 虎,虐,彪,虒
142 6 insect chóng trùng むし / mushi 벌레훼 / beollehwe 1,067 (pr. chóng) 蚯,蚓,強,触,蟻,蟹
143 6 blood xuè huyết ち / chi 피혈 / pihyeol 60 洫,衁,衅,衆
144 6 walk enclosure xíng hành ぎょう / gyō 다닐행 / danilhaeng 53 行,衍,術,衝
145 衣 (衤) 6 clothes y ころも / koromo 옷의 (변) /oseui (byeon) 607 衣,初,被,装,裁,複
146 襾 (西,覀) 6 west tây にし / nishi 덮을아 / deopeura 29 西,要,覊
147 7 see jiàn kiến みる / miru 볼견 / bolgyeon 161 規,親,覺,觀
148 7 horn jiǎo giác つの / tsuno 뿔각 / bbulgak 158 觚,解,觕,觥,觸
149 言 (訁) 7 speech yán ngôn ことば / kotoba 말씀언 / malsseumeon 861 誁,詋,詔,評,詗,詥,試,詧
150 7 valley cốc たに / tani 골곡 / golgok 54 谿,豀,谸
151 7 bean dòu đậu まめ / mame 콩두 / kongdu 68 豈,豐,豎
152 7 pig shǐ thỉ いのこ / inoko 돼지시 / dwaejisi 148 豖,豚,象
153 7 badger zhì trãi むじな / mujina 갖은돼지시변 / gajeundwaejisibyeon 140 豹,貌,貓,貈,貉
154 7 shell bèi bối かい / kai 조개패 / jogaepae 277 財,賊,賜,贛,貧,貨,貫,貿
155 7 red chì xích あか / aka 붉을적 / bulgeuljeok 31 赫,赭
156 走 (赱) 7 run zǒu tẩu はしる / hashiru 달릴주 / dallilju 285 赴,起,超
157 足 (⻊) 7 foot túc あし / ashi 발족 / baljok 580 跑,跨,跟,跪,路
158 7 body shēn thân み / mi 몸신 / momsin 97 躬,躲,軀
159 7 cart chē xa くるま / kuruma 수레거 / suregeo 361 軌,軟,較,軍,載
160 7 bitter xīn tân からい / karai 매울신 / maeulsin 36 辜,辟,辣,辦,辨
161 7 morning chén thần/thìn しんのたつ / shinnotatsu 별진 / byeoljin 15 辱,農
162 辵 (辶,⻌,⻍) 7 walk chuò / zouzhi sước しんにょう / shinnyō 갖은책받침 (책받침) / gajeunchaekbatchim (chaekbatchim) 381 巡,迎,通,追,逃,辶,迎,進
163 邑 (,⻏,⻖) 7 city ấp むら / mura 고을읍 (우부방) / goeureup (ububang) 350 那,邦,郎,部,郭,都,鄉
164 7 wine yǒu dậu ひよみのとり / hyominotori 닭유 / dalgyu 290 醉,酱,油,醒,酸
165 7 distinguish biàn biện のごめ / nogome 분별할변 / bunbyeolhalbyeon 14 釉,釋
166 7 village さと / sato 마을리 / maeulli 14 野,野
167 金 (釒) 8 gold jīn kim かね / kane 쇠금 / soegeum 806 銀,銅,釘,銳,鋞,鋙,鉒,鉍,鉗,鈡,鈠
168 長 (镸) 8 long cháng trường ながい / nagai 길장 (변) / giljang (byeon) 55 镸,镽
169 8 gate mén môn もん / mon 문문 / munmun 246 間,閑,關,闘,閉,開,閏,間,關
170 阜 (阝) 8 mound phụ おか / oka 언덕부 (좌부변) / eondeokbu (jwabubyeon) 348 阪,防,阻,陆,陘,院,险,陳
171 8 slave lệ れいづくり / reizukuri 미칠이 / michiri 12 隸,隺
172 8 short-tailed bird zhuī chuy ふるとり / furutori 새추 / saechu 233 雀,集,雁,难,雀,雅
173 8 rain あめ / ame 비우 / biu 298 雾,霜,雪,霸,雲,霧
174 青 (靑) 8 blue qīng thanh あお / ao 푸를청 / pureulcheong 17 靕,靖,靜
175 8 wrong fēi phi あらず / arazu 아닐비 / anilbi 25 靠,靠,靟
176 面 (靣) 9 face miàn diện めん / men 낯면 / natmyeon 66 靦,靨
177 9 leather cách かくのかわ / kakunokawa 가죽혁 / gajukhyeok 305 靴,鞍,鞅,鞍,鞭
178 9 tanned leather wéi vi なめしがわ / nameshigawa 가죽위 / gajugwi 100 韋,韓,韜
179 9 leek jiǔ cửu にら / nira 부추구 / buchugu 20 韱,韲
180 9 sound yīn âm おと / oto 소리음 / sorieum 43 韶,韻,韾
181 9 leaf hiệt おおがい / ōgai 머리혈 / meorihyeol 372 頃,項,順,須,領,頭,頩,頂
182 風 (𠘨) 9 wind fēng phong かぜ / kaze 바람풍 / barampung 182 颱,飄,颿,颩,颪
183 9 fly fēi phi とぶ / tobu 날비 / nalbi 92 飜,飝
184 食 (飠) 9 eat shí thực しょく / shoku 밥식 (변) / bapsik (byeon) 403 飯,飲,餓,餘,餐,養
185 9 head shǒu thủ くび / kubi 머리수 / meorisu 20 馗,馘
186 9 fragrant xiāng hương においこう / nioikō 향기향 / hyanggihyang 37 馨,馫
187 10 horse うま / uma 말마 / malma 472 馮,馴,馳,駐,驚
188 10 bone cốt ほね / hone 뼈골 / ppyeogol 185 骼,髒,髀,骿,骾
189 高 (髙) 10 tall gāo cao たかい / takai 높을고 / nopeulgo 34 髚,髛
190 10 hair biāo bưu/tiêu かみがしら / kamigashira 터럭발 / teoreokbal 243 髮,鬚,鬆,鬍,髦
191 10 fight dòu đấu とうがまえ / tōgamae 싸울투 / ssaultu 23 鬧,鬪
192 10 sacrificial wine chàng sưởng ちょう / chō 울창주창 / ulchangjuchang 8 鬰,鬱
193 10 cauldron cách かなえ / kanae 다리굽은솥력 / darigubeunsotryeok 73 鬶,鬷,鬸
194 10 ghost guǐ quỷ おに / oni 귀신귀 / gwisingwi 141 魂,魁,鬽,魄
195 11 fish ngư うお / uo 물고기어 / mulgogieo 571 鯉,鮑,魛,魜,魝,魞,魟,魠
196 11 bird niǎo điểu とり / tori 새조 / saejo 750 鳫,鳮,鳱,鳳,鳴,鳿,雞,鳴,鴻,鴛
197 11 salt lỗ ろ / ro 짠땅로 / jjanddangro 44 鹹,鹼,鹽
198 鹿 11 deer lộc しか / shika 사슴록 / saseumrok 104 塵,麃,麋,麉,麟
199 11 wheat mài mạch むぎ / mugi 보리맥 / borimaek 131 麴,麵,麱,麨,麺
200 11 hemp ma あさ / asa 삼마 / samma 34 麼,魔
201 12 yellow huáng hoàng きいろ / kiiro 누를황 / nureulhwang 42 黊,黌
202 12 millet shǔ thử きび / kibi 기장서 / gijangseo 46 黏,黎
203 12 black hēi hắc くろ / kuro 검을흑 / geomeulheuk 172 點,黛,黱,黨
204 12 embroidery zhǐ chỉ ふつ / futsu 바느질할치 / baneujilhalchi 8 黼,黻
205 13 frog mǐn mãnh べん / ben 맹꽁이맹 / maengggong 40 鼈,黿,鼆
206 13 tripod dǐng đỉnh かなえ / kanae 솥정 / sotjeong 14 鼏,鼒
207 13 drum cổ つづみ / tsudzumi 북고 / bukgo 46 鼗,鼘
208 13 rat shǔ thử ねずみ / nezumi 쥐서 / jwiseo 92 鼢,鼣,鼤
209 14 nose tị はな / hana 코비 / kobi 49 鼼,鼽,鼿
210 14 even tề せい / sei 가지런할제 / gajireonhalje 18 齋,齏,齏
211 15 tooth chǐ xỉ/sỉ は / ha 이치 / ichi 162 齿 齡,齠,齗
212 16 dragon lóng long りゅう / ryū 용룡 / yongryong 14 龖,龘
213 16 turtle guī quy かめ / kame 거북귀 / geobukgwi 24
214 17 flute yuè dược やく / yaku 피리약 / piriyak 19 龣,龤

Unicode[edit]

Further information: Han unification

The Unicode standard encoded 20,992 characters in version 1.0.1 (1992) in the CJK Unified Ideographs block (U+4E00–9FFF). This standard followed the Kangxi order of radicals (radical 1 at U+4E00, radical 214 at U+9FA0) but did not encode all characters found in the Kangxi dictionary. Individual characters were listed based on their Kangxi radical and number of additional strokes, e.g. U+5382 厂, the unaugmented radical 27 meaning "cliff" is listed under "27.0", while U+5383 to U+5386 are listed under "27.2" as they all consist of radical 27 plus two additional strokes. More characters were added in later versions, adding "CJK Unified Ideographs Extensions" A, B, C and D as of Unicode 7.0 (2014) with further additions planned for Unicode 8.0. Within each "Extension", characters are also ordered by Kangxi radical and additional strokes. The Unicode Consortium maintains the "Unihan Database", with a Radical-Stroke-Index. The Unicode Common Locale Data Repository provides no official collation (sort order) rule for Unicode CJK characters (short of sorting characters by codepoint);[2] such collation rules as there are language-specific (such as JIS X 0208 for Japanese kanji) and do not include any of the CJK Unified Ideographs Extension characters.

Kangxi Radicals block[edit]

Kangxi Radicals
Range U+2F00..U+2FDF
(224 code points)
Plane BMP
Scripts Han
Symbol sets CJK Radical
Assigned 214 code points
Unused 10 reserved code points
Source standards CNS 11643-1992
Unicode version history
3.0 214 (+214)
Note: [3][4]

In Unicode version 3.0 (1999), a separate Kangxi Radicals block was introduced which encodes the 214 radicals in sequence, at U+2F00–2FD5. These are specific codepoints intended to represent the radical qua radical, as opposed to the character consisting of the unaugmented radical; thus, U+2F00 represents radical 1 while U+4E00 represents the character meaning "one". In addition, the CJK Radicals Supplement block (2E80–2EFF) was introduced, encoding alternative (often positional) forms taken by Kangxi radicals as they appear within specific characters. For example, ⺁ "CJK RADICAL CLIFF" (U+2E81) is a variant of ⼚ radical 27 (U+2F1A), itself identical in shape to the character consisting of unaugmented radical 27, 厂 "cliff" (U+5382).

Kangxi Radicals[1][2]
Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF)
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
U+2F0x
U+2F1x
U+2F2x
U+2F3x ⼿
U+2F4x
U+2F5x
U+2F6x
U+2F7x ⽿
U+2F8x
U+2F9x
U+2FAx
U+2FBx ⾿
U+2FCx
U+2FDx
Notes
1.^ As of Unicode version 9.0
2.^ Grey areas indicate non-assigned code points

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • An Analysis of the Two Chinese Radical Systems, Journal of the Chinese Language Teachers Association, 13, 2, 95–109, May 78

External links[edit]