List of Knights of the Golden Fleece
This page contains a list of Knights of the Order of the Golden Fleece.
- 1 Knights of the Burgundian Golden Fleece
- 2 Knights of the Habsburg Golden Fleece
- 3 Knights of the Spanish Golden Fleece
- 4 Knights of the Austrian Golden Fleece
- 5 Rival branches
- 6 Napoleon's project to merge the Spanish and Austrian branches of the order
- 7 References and notes
- 8 Bibliography
Knights of the Burgundian Golden Fleece
Knights of the Habsburg Golden Fleece
Knights of the Spanish Golden Fleece
Knights of the Austrian Golden Fleece
|Year of Induction||Name||Born||Died||Notes|
|2002||Kubrat, Prince of Panagyurishte and Duke of Saxony||1965||-|
|2008||Prince Philippe, Duke of Brabant||1960||-||later King Philippe of the Belgians. Mentioned in his biography in the "Biographical Manual" (2007), an official publication of the Belgian Senate|
|2011||Michel, 14th Prince of Ligne||1951||-|
|Prince Charles-Louis de Merode||1948||-|
|Ferdinand Zvonimir von Habsburg||1997||-||son and heir of Archduke Karl of Austria, Head of the House of Habsburg and Sovereign of the Order|
|Prince Michael of Liechtenstein||1951||-|
|Fra' Robert Matthew Festing, 79th Prince and Grand Master of the Order of Malta||1949||-||Monarch until 2017|
|Alexander von Sachsen, Margrave of Meissen||1953||-|
|Dominic of Austria-Tuscany||1937||-||son of Archduke Anton of Austria-Tuscany|
|Ferdinand Trauttmansdorff-Weinsberg||1950||-||Austrian ambassador in Prague|
|Prospero Colonna, Prince of Avella||1956||-|
|Prince Nikolaus of Liechtenstein||1947||-||son of Franz Joseph II, Prince of Liechtenstein|
|Georg von Károlyi||1946||-|
|Victor Freiherr von Baillou||1931||-||son-in-law of Archduke Anton of Austria-Tuscany since 1973|
|2016||Eduard of Habsburg-Lorraine||1967||-||great-grandson of Archduke Joseph August of Austria|
|Johannes Trapp von Matsch||1946||-|
|Year of Induction||Name||Born||Died||Notes|
|1809||Jérôme Bonaparte, king of Westphalia||1784||1860|
|1810||Miguel José de Azanza, 1st Duke (Josephine) of Santa Fe||1744||1826||Viceroy of New Spain (1798–1800)|
|Manuel de Negrete, 2nd count of Campo Alange, 1st marquess de Torre-Manzanal, 1st duke (Josephine) de Campo de Alange||1736||1818|
|1811||José de Mazarredo Salazar Muñatones y Gortázar||1745||1812||Lieutenant General of the Royal Spanish Navy|
|1812||Gonzalo O'Farrill y Herrera||1754||1831|
|Mariano Luis de Urquijo y Murga||1769||1817||Secretary of State (1798–1800). Minister-Secretary of State (1808–1813)|
On June 29, 1943 Archduke Karl Pius of Austria, Prince of Tuscany issued a manifesto in which he claimed to be the legitimate successor to the Spanish throne. At the time, he had three older brothers still living, but none of these had shown an interest in claiming the throne for himself. In 1947 Karl's older brothers Leopold and Franz Josef formally renounced their rights in New York. In 1948 his other brother Anton verbally renounced his rights in Barcelona. (Both Anton and Franz Josef would take up the claim after Karl died, and Anton's son Dominic is the current claimant.)
Karl was recognised by his supporters as Carlos VIII; his movement is therefore called carloctavismo or octavismo. He used the title Duke of Madrid as his grandfather had done. Karl received the support of some of the most conservative Carlist leaders. He also received a certain level of support from some of General Franco's officials in the Movimiento Nacional; the followers of the Carlist regent Prince Xavier of Bourbon-Parma claimed that the Francoist support was merely an attempt to divide Carlists. Karl moved to Andorra and then returned to Barcelona. Between 1944 and 1951 he gave out fourteen titles of nobility; he also named members to the Order of Proscribed Legitimacy and the Order of Santa Maria of the Lily of Navarre. He established a new order of merit named in honour of Saint Charles Borromeo. In 1952 he awarded the collar of this order to General Franco and the grand cross of the order to Cardinal Federico Tedeschini, papal legate to the International Eucharistic Congress in Barcelona.
Since Karl claimed to be the legitimate successor to the Spanish throne Carloctavismo also has its own branch of the Spanish Order of the Golden Fleece. For a list of the Knights of the Carloctaviste branch of the Spanish Golden Fleece (1943 to present) see fr:Liste des chevaliers de l'ordre de la Toison d'or#Ordre carloctaviste de la Toison d'Or
Napoleon's project to merge the Spanish and Austrian branches of the order
On 15 August 1809, Napoleon Bonaparte planned the creation of a new order which would receive the name of Ordre des Trois Toisons d'Or (Order of the Three Golden Fleece). It was planned to merge the Spanish and Austrian branches and to extend the order to France, and to reflect this merger in a design made up of three copies of the golden fleece of the pre-existing orders, in which design would also be shown the French Imperial (Napoleonic) Eagle. It was projected that the order would count a maximum of 100 Grand Knights, and would include two new categories of 400 Commanders and 1000 Knights. However Napoleon's project never materialized.
References and notes
- Juan L. Sánchez. "Juan de Velasco y Henin (1609-1678), Conde de Salazar, Marqués de Belveder". tercios.org. Retrieved September 28, 2015.
- "Juan de Velasco : précisez". roglo.eu. Retrieved September 28, 2015.
- "Joseph Bonaparte nominated his own knights of the Golden Fleece from 1808 to 1813". antiquesatoz.com. Retrieved September 28, 2015.
- "The Carlist Pretenders to the throne nominated their own knights of the Golden Fleece from 1845 to 1900". antiquesatoz.com. Retrieved September 28, 2015.
- "Latest intelligence - France". The Times (36801). London. 23 June 1902. p. 5.
- "Image: 25evfr6.jpg, (400 × 482 px)". i8.tinypic.com. Retrieved September 28, 2015.
- Don Juan, Count of Barcelona (Head of the Spanish House of Bourbon) conferred upon him the rank of a Knight of the Golden Fleece in February 1964 - Website chivalricorders.org
- (in Spanish)El Toisón de Oro en el siglo XXI, page 15 (accessed on November 17, 2006)
- (in Spanish)El Toisón de Oro en el siglo XXI, page 16 (accessed on November 17, 2006)
- (in Spanish) Tribuna libre, Almendron.com (accessed on November 17, 2006)
- Regiments.org (accessed on November 17, 2006)
- "Queen Silvia wore this tiara for the first dinner during the Swedish State Visit to Spain in March 1983. | Connaught Tiara | Pinterest". pinterest.com. Retrieved September 28, 2015.
- "Image: King+Juan+Carlos+Queen+Sofia+Spain+Visit+Japan+K-SeZjfpke2l.jpg, (594 × 439 px)". www4.pictures.gi.zimbio.com. Retrieved September 28, 2015.
- "Image: 1the%2Breception-H.M.%2BKing%2BJuan%2BCarlos%2BI%2Bof%2BSpain%2Band%2BHH.II.MM%2BEmpress%2BMichiko%2Band%2BEmperor%2BAkihito%2Bof%2BJapan.jpg, (1513 × 1131 px)". 1.bp.blogspot.com. Retrieved September 28, 2015.
- "Image: 1172590-king-juan-carlos-of-spain-chats-with-dutch-gettyimages.jpg, (594 × 416 px)". cache2.asset-cache.net. Retrieved September 28, 2015.
- "Image: 69368_E18_122_468lo.jpg, (640 × 426 px)". i377.photobucket.com. Retrieved September 28, 2015.
- "Image: 3fc3b927-275a-4324-a1a7-b9d25b6fae74-1020x693.jpeg, (700 × 476 px)". i.guim.co.uk. Retrieved September 28, 2015.
- "Image: tumblr_mwad0xx2fC1sltvyco1_500.jpg, (500 × 307 px)". 41.media.tumblr.com. February 1, 2008. Retrieved September 28, 2015.
- "MADRID, SPAIN - MAY 22: Norwegian King Harald V and Queen Sonja arrive to attend the wedding between Spanish Crown Prince Felipe de Bourbon and former journalist Letizia Ortiz at the Almudena cathedral May 22, 2004 in Madrid. (Photo Getty Images)". Retrieved September 28, 2015.
- (in Spanish) The Induction of Simeon Saxe-Coburg-Gotha BOE 04-10-02, Spanish Official Journal (accessed on June 13, 2007)
- "Image: King+Simeon+II+Bulgaria+Wedding+Prince+Guillaume+obyXmFjIrCOl.jpg, (411 × 594 px)". www2.pictures.zimbio.com. Retrieved September 28, 2015.
- "Oct 19 - King Simeon II of Bulgaria and Queen Margarita of Bulgaria attend the Gala dinner in Luxembourg. | Pinterest". pinterest.com. Retrieved September 28, 2015.
- (in Spanish) The Induction of King Bhumibol Adulyadej BOE 06-06-10, Spanish Official Journal (accessed on November 17, 2006)
- (in Spanish) The Induction of Grand Duke Henri of Luxembourg BOE 07-04-14, Spanish official journal (accessed on June 9, 2007)
- "Luxembourg Grand Duke Suffering from Illness | Royalty in the NewsRoyalty in the News". Archived from the original on 2013-08-22. Retrieved September 28, 2015.
- "Image: xin_3120404171117890310060.jpg, (400 × 286 px)". news.xinhuanet.com. Retrieved September 28, 2015.
- (in Spanish) The Induction of Adolfo Suárez BOE 07-06-09, Spanish Official Journal (accessed on June 9, 2007)
- (in Spanish) The Induction of King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia BOE 07-06-16, Spanish Official Journal (accessed on June 19, 2007)
- (in Spanish) The Induction of Javier Solana BOE 10-01-23, Spanish official journal (accessed on June 9, 2010)
- (in Spanish) The Induction of Víctor García de la Concha BOE 10-01-23, Spanish Official Journal (accessed on June 9, 2010)
- (in Spanish) El Rey concede el Toisón de Oro a Sarkozy (accessed on November 25, 2011)
- (in Spanish) The Induction of Enrique V. Iglesias BOE 14-03-23, Spanish Official Journal (accessed on March 30, 2014)
- Spanish:  BOE 15-10-31, Spanish Official Journal (accessed on October 31, 2015)
- It was recorded by Arnaud de Limburg Stirum that Charles was a Knight during the burial of Count Thierry de Limburg Stirum in 1968
- Miguel Gómez Damas y no Manuel Gómez y Damas Índice de la I Guerra Carlista. las Guerras Carlistas: Actas de Historia. Consultado el 11 de noviembre de 2012.
- Reconoció a Alfonso XII como rey en 1875, confirmando el gobierno liberal ese mismo año sus títulos pero no el Toisón.
- Cevallos y no Ceballos, Índice de la II Guerra Carlista. las Guerras Carlistas: Actas de Historia. Consultado el 11 de noviembre de 2012.
- Los pretendientes carlistas mantuvieron su propia orden hasta 1931 aunque no se realizaron nombramientos posteriones.
- Ceballos Escalera y Gila, A. La Insigne Orden del Toisón de Oro. Real Sociedad Económica Segoviana, 2000. ISBN 978-84-930310-2-2.