List of LGBT members of the United States Congress

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This is a list of gay, lesbian, and bisexual Americans in the U.S. Congress. As of January 2019, there were ten openly LGBTQ members of the 116th Congress — all Democrats.[1] This list only includes people who are openly LGBTQ or were outed in obituaries. Current members of Congress are shaded in gray. There has never been an openly transgender member of Congress.

Senate[edit]

Photo Senator
(lifespan)
Party State Term start Term end Notes
Harriswofford.jpg Harris Wofford
(1926–2019)
Democratic Pennsylvania 1991 1995 Announced plans to marry a man in 2016[2]
Tammy Baldwin, official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg Tammy Baldwin
(born 1962)
Democratic Wisconsin 2013 present First openly gay Senator[3]
Kyrsten Sinema (cropped).jpg Kyrsten Sinema
(born 1976)
Democratic Arizona 2019 present First openly bisexual Senator[4]

House of Representatives[edit]

Photo Representative
(lifespan)
Party State Term start Term end Notes
Stewart McKinney.jpg Stewart McKinney
(1931–1987)
Republican Connecticut 1971 1987 Outed in obituary[5][6][7][8][9]
Robert Bauman US Congress photo portrait.jpg Robert Bauman
(born 1937)
Republican Maryland 1973 1981 Outed while in office (1980)[10]
Rep. Barbara Jordan - Restoration.jpg Barbara Jordan
(1937–1996)
Democratic Texas 1973 1979 Outed in obituary[11]
S001040.jpg Gerry Studds
(1937–2006)
Democratic Massachusetts 1973 1997 First member of Congress to come out in office, during the 1983 congressional page sex scandal[12]
First openly gay member of Congress to be reelected after outing
Jon Hinson.jpg Jon Hinson
(1942–1995)
Republican Mississippi 1979 1981 Outed while in office (1980)[13]
Barneyfrank.jpg Barney Frank
(born 1940)
Democratic Massachusetts 1981 2013 Came out in office (1987)
First member of Congress in a same-sex marriage (2012)[14][15]
SteveGunderson.jpg Steve Gunderson
(born 1951)
Republican Wisconsin 1981 1997 Outed on the floor of the House (1994)
First openly gay Republican to be reelected after outing[16][17]
Jim Kolbe.jpg Jim Kolbe
(born 1942)
Republican Arizona 1985 2007 Came out in office, after voting for the Defense of Marriage Act (1996)
First openly gay person to address the Republican National Convention[18][19][20]
Michael Huffington 1993 congressional photo.jpg Michael Huffington
(born 1947)
Republican California 1993 1995 Came out after serving in Congress (1998)
First known bisexual member of Congress[21]
Mark Foley, official 109th Congress photo.jpg Mark Foley
(born 1954)
Republican Florida 1995 2006 Came out in office, during the 2006 congressional page scandal[22]
Tammy Baldwin, official photo portrait, color.jpg Tammy Baldwin
(born 1962)
Democratic Wisconsin 1999 2013 First openly gay non-incumbent elected to Congress
First openly gay woman in Congress[3]
Retired to run successfully for U.S. Senator from Wisconsin
Mike Michaud Official.jpg Mike Michaud
(born 1955)
Democratic Maine 2003 2015 Came out in office (2013)[23][24]
Retired to run unsuccessfully for Governor of Maine
Jared Polis Official 2012.jpg Jared Polis
(born 1975)
Democratic Colorado 2009 2019 Openly gay
First same-sex parent in Congress (2011)[25]
Retired to run successfully for Governor of Colorado
David Cicilline, Official Portrait, 112th Congress 2.jpg David Cicilline
(born 1961)
Democratic Rhode Island 2011 present Openly gay
Congressman Maloney official.jpg Sean Maloney
(born 1966)
Democratic New York 2013 present Openly gay
Mark Pocan official photo (cropped).jpg Mark Pocan
(born 1964)
Democratic Wisconsin 2013 present Openly gay
Kyrsten Sinema (cropped).jpg Kyrsten Sinema
(born 1976)
Democratic Arizona 2013 2019 First openly bisexual member of Congress[26][27]
Retired to run successfully for U.S. Senator from Arizona
Mark Takano 113th Congress - full.jpg Mark Takano
(born 1960)
Democratic California 2013 present Openly gay[28][29]
First openly gay person of color elected to Congress.[30]
Angie Craig, official portrait, 116th Congress.jpg Angie Craig
(born 1972)
Democratic Minnesota 2019 present Openly gay
First same-sex mother in Congress[31]
First non-incumbent elected to Congress in a same-sex marriage
Sharice Davids.jpg Sharice Davids
(born 1980)
Democratic Kansas 2019 present Openly gay[32]
First openly gay woman of color elected to Congress.
Katie Hill, official portrait, 116th Congress.jpg Katie Hill
(born 1987)
Democratic California 2019 present Openly bisexual[33]
Chris Pappas, official portrait, 116th Congress.jpg Chris Pappas
(born 1980)
Democratic New Hampshire 2019 present Openly gay[34]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://news.yahoo.com/diverse-congress-u-s-history-arrives-work-washington-180441859.html?guccounter=1
  2. ^ Wofford, Harris (April 23, 2016). "Finding love again, this time with a man". The New York Times. Retrieved May 7, 2016. Too often, our society seeks to label people by pinning them on the wall - straight, gay or in between. I don't categorize myself based on the gender of those I love. I had a half-century of marriage with a wonderful woman, and now am lucky for a second time to have found happiness.
  3. ^ a b "Tammy Baldwin: Openly gay lawmaker could make history in Wisconsin U.S. Senate race - Chicago Tribune". Chicago Tribune. October 19, 2012. Retrieved November 7, 2012.
  4. ^ "Kyrsten Sinema Makes History As First Openly Bisexual Person Sworn In To Senate". Huffington Post. January 3, 2019. Retrieved January 3, 2019.
  5. ^ "AIDS Makes Another Chilling Advance, Claiming the Life of a Congressman". People. May 25, 1987. Retrieved August 31, 2014.
  6. ^ Houston, Paul (May 8, 1987). "Connecticut's McKinney, GOP Liberal, Dies of AIDS". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles, CA. Retrieved August 31, 2014.
  7. ^ Kimmey, Samantha (December 20, 2012). "Rep. Barney Frank Comments on Scalia, Prostitution, Marijuana and More". The Raw Story. Retrieved August 31, 2014.
  8. ^ Associated Press (August 23, 1989). "Congressman Killed by AIDS Led Secret Life, Gay Man Claims". Bangor Daily News. Retrieved August 31, 2014.
  9. ^ May, Clifford D. (May 9, 1987). "Friends Say McKinney Had Homosexual Sex". The New York Times. Retrieved August 31, 2014.
  10. ^ Bauman, Robert (August 1986). The Gentleman from Maryland: The Conscience of a Gay Conservative. Arbor House. ISBN 978-0877956860.
  11. ^ http://outhistory.org/exhibits/show/aa-history-month-bios/barbara-jordan
  12. ^ "Housecleaning". Time. July 25, 1983.
  13. ^ "Jon Hinson, 53, Congressman And Then Gay-Rights Advocate". The New York Times. July 26, 1995. Retrieved May 7, 2016.
  14. ^ O'Keefe, Ed (December 3, 2012). "When Barney Frank announced he was 'coming out of the room' (er… the closet)". The Washington Post.
  15. ^ "DC's Most Influential Gay Couple Calls It Quits". The Tuscaloosa News. July 3, 1998. Retrieved January 19, 2010.
  16. ^ Bergling, Tim (May 11, 2004). "Closeted in the capital: they're powerful, Republican, and gay. Will the marriage battle finally get them to come out to their bosses?". The Advocate. Retrieved August 27, 2009.
  17. ^ Bierbauer, Charles (November 28, 1997). "Gunderson Leaves 'Increasingly Polarized' House". CNN. Retrieved May 7, 2016.
  18. ^ Dunlap, David W. (August 3, 1996). "A Republican Congressman Discloses He Is a Homosexual". The New York Times. Retrieved November 25, 2007.
  19. ^ Campbell, Julia (August 1, 2000). "Openly Gay Congressman Addresses Convention". ABC News.
  20. ^ Eaklor, Vicki Lynn (2008). Queer America: a GLBT history of the 20th century. ABC-CLIO. p. 213. ISBN 978-0-313-33749-9.
  21. ^ King, Ryan James (May 22, 2006). "Michael Huffington: The long-awaited Advocate interview". The Advocate. Retrieved January 11, 2013.
  22. ^ "Foley lawyer makes statement". CNN. October 2, 2006. Retrieved October 4, 2006.
  23. ^ "Michaud: 'I haven't changed. I'm Mike.'". The Bangor Daily News. November 5, 2013. Retrieved May 11, 2015.
  24. ^ "Yes, I'm gay, Michaud says. Now let's get our state back on track". Portland Press Herald. November 4, 2013.
  25. ^ Parkinson, John (September 30, 2011). "House Democrat Jared Polis Becomes First Openly Gay Parent in Congress". ABC News. Retrieved September 30, 2011.
  26. ^ O'Dowd, Peter (January 1, 2013). "Sinema, First Openly Bisexual Member Of Congress, Represents 'Changing Arizona'". NPR. Retrieved January 8, 2013.
  27. ^ Roig-Franzia, Manuel (January 2, 2013). "Kyrsten Sinema: A success story like nobody else's". The Washington Post. Phoenix, Arizona. Retrieved January 8, 2013.
  28. ^ Crary, David. "Record number of gays seeking seats in Congress". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved October 3, 2012.
  29. ^ Candido, Sergio N. (October 29, 2012). "Top 5 Gay National Races". South Florida Gay News. Retrieved November 7, 2012.
  30. ^ Anderson-Minshall, Diane (November 7, 2012). "Mark Takano Becomes First LGBT Person of Color in Congress". The Advocate.
  31. ^ "GOP Rep. Jason Lewis Loses To Queer Minnesota Businesswoman Angie Craig". huffingtonpost. Retrieved November 7, 2018.
  32. ^ "Sharice Davids makes history: Kansas' 1st gay rep, 1st Native American woman in Congress". kansascity. Retrieved November 7, 2018.
  33. ^ "Bisexual candidate Katie Hill hopes to be part of Democrats' 'blue wave'". nbc.com. Retrieved November 7, 2018.
  34. ^ "Democrat Chris Pappas Becomes New Hampshire's 1st Openly Gay Member Of Congress". www.wbur.org. Retrieved November 7, 2018.