List of LGBT members of the United States Congress
This is a list of gay, lesbian, and bisexual Americans in the U.S. Congress. As of January 2019[update], there were ten openly LGBTQ members of the 116th Congress — all Democrats. This list only includes people who are openly LGBTQ or were outed in obituaries. Current members of Congress are shaded in gray. There has never been an openly transgender member of Congress.
|Party||State||Term start||Term end||Notes|
|Democratic||Pennsylvania||1991||1995||Announced plans to marry a man in 2016|
|Democratic||Wisconsin||2013||present||First openly gay Senator|
|Democratic||Arizona||2019||present||First openly bisexual Senator|
House of Representatives
|Party||State||Term start||Term end||Notes|
|Republican||Connecticut||1971||1987||Outed in obituary|
|Republican||Maryland||1973||1981||Outed while in office (1980)|
|Democratic||Texas||1973||1979||Outed in obituary|
|Democratic||Massachusetts||1973||1997||First member of Congress to come out in office, during the 1983 congressional page sex scandal|
First openly gay member of Congress to be reelected after outing
|Republican||Mississippi||1979||1981||Outed while in office (1980)|
|Democratic||Massachusetts||1981||2013||Came out in office (1987)|
First member of Congress in a same-sex marriage (2012)
|Republican||Wisconsin||1981||1997||Outed on the floor of the House (1994)|
First openly gay Republican to be reelected after outing
|Republican||Arizona||1985||2007||Came out in office, after voting for the Defense of Marriage Act (1996)|
First openly gay person to address the Republican National Convention
|Republican||California||1993||1995||Came out after serving in Congress (1998)|
First known bisexual member of Congress
|Republican||Florida||1995||2006||Came out in office, during the 2006 congressional page scandal|
|Democratic||Wisconsin||1999||2013||First openly gay non-incumbent elected to Congress|
First openly gay woman in Congress
Retired to run successfully for U.S. Senator from Wisconsin
|Democratic||Maine||2003||2015||Came out in office (2013)|
Retired to run unsuccessfully for Governor of Maine
First same-sex parent in Congress (2011)
Retired to run successfully for Governor of Colorado
|Democratic||Rhode Island||2011||present||Openly gay|
|Democratic||New York||2013||present||Openly gay|
|Democratic||Arizona||2013||2019||First openly bisexual member of Congress|
Retired to run successfully for U.S. Senator from Arizona
First openly gay person of color elected to Congress.
First same-sex mother in Congress
First non-incumbent elected to Congress in a same-sex marriage
First openly gay woman of color elected to Congress.
|Democratic||New Hampshire||2019||present||Openly gay|
- Congressional LGBT Equality Caucus
- List of the first LGBT holders of political offices in the United States
- Wofford, Harris (April 23, 2016). "Finding love again, this time with a man". The New York Times. Retrieved May 7, 2016.
Too often, our society seeks to label people by pinning them on the wall - straight, gay or in between. I don't categorize myself based on the gender of those I love. I had a half-century of marriage with a wonderful woman, and now am lucky for a second time to have found happiness.
- "Tammy Baldwin: Openly gay lawmaker could make history in Wisconsin U.S. Senate race - Chicago Tribune". Chicago Tribune. October 19, 2012. Retrieved November 7, 2012.
- "Kyrsten Sinema Makes History As First Openly Bisexual Person Sworn In To Senate". Huffington Post. January 3, 2019. Retrieved January 3, 2019.
- "AIDS Makes Another Chilling Advance, Claiming the Life of a Congressman". People. May 25, 1987. Retrieved August 31, 2014.
- Houston, Paul (May 8, 1987). "Connecticut's McKinney, GOP Liberal, Dies of AIDS". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles, CA. Retrieved August 31, 2014.
- Kimmey, Samantha (December 20, 2012). "Rep. Barney Frank Comments on Scalia, Prostitution, Marijuana and More". The Raw Story. Retrieved August 31, 2014.
- Associated Press (August 23, 1989). "Congressman Killed by AIDS Led Secret Life, Gay Man Claims". Bangor Daily News. Retrieved August 31, 2014.
- May, Clifford D. (May 9, 1987). "Friends Say McKinney Had Homosexual Sex". The New York Times. Retrieved August 31, 2014.
- Bauman, Robert (August 1986). The Gentleman from Maryland: The Conscience of a Gay Conservative. Arbor House. ISBN 978-0877956860.
- "Housecleaning". Time. July 25, 1983.
- "Jon Hinson, 53, Congressman And Then Gay-Rights Advocate". The New York Times. July 26, 1995. Retrieved May 7, 2016.
- O'Keefe, Ed (December 3, 2012). "When Barney Frank announced he was 'coming out of the room' (er… the closet)". The Washington Post.
- "DC's Most Influential Gay Couple Calls It Quits". The Tuscaloosa News. July 3, 1998. Retrieved January 19, 2010.
- Bergling, Tim (May 11, 2004). "Closeted in the capital: they're powerful, Republican, and gay. Will the marriage battle finally get them to come out to their bosses?". The Advocate. Retrieved August 27, 2009.
- Bierbauer, Charles (November 28, 1997). "Gunderson Leaves 'Increasingly Polarized' House". CNN. Retrieved May 7, 2016.
- Dunlap, David W. (August 3, 1996). "A Republican Congressman Discloses He Is a Homosexual". The New York Times. Retrieved November 25, 2007.
- Campbell, Julia (August 1, 2000). "Openly Gay Congressman Addresses Convention". ABC News.
- Eaklor, Vicki Lynn (2008). Queer America: a GLBT history of the 20th century. ABC-CLIO. p. 213. ISBN 978-0-313-33749-9.
- King, Ryan James (May 22, 2006). "Michael Huffington: The long-awaited Advocate interview". The Advocate. Retrieved January 11, 2013.
- "Foley lawyer makes statement". CNN. October 2, 2006. Retrieved October 4, 2006.
- "Michaud: 'I haven't changed. I'm Mike.'". The Bangor Daily News. November 5, 2013. Retrieved May 11, 2015.
- "Yes, I'm gay, Michaud says. Now let's get our state back on track". Portland Press Herald. November 4, 2013.
- Parkinson, John (September 30, 2011). "House Democrat Jared Polis Becomes First Openly Gay Parent in Congress". ABC News. Retrieved September 30, 2011.
- O'Dowd, Peter (January 1, 2013). "Sinema, First Openly Bisexual Member Of Congress, Represents 'Changing Arizona'". NPR. Retrieved January 8, 2013.
- Roig-Franzia, Manuel (January 2, 2013). "Kyrsten Sinema: A success story like nobody else's". The Washington Post. Phoenix, Arizona. Retrieved January 8, 2013.
- Crary, David. "Record number of gays seeking seats in Congress". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved October 3, 2012.
- Candido, Sergio N. (October 29, 2012). "Top 5 Gay National Races". South Florida Gay News. Retrieved November 7, 2012.
- Anderson-Minshall, Diane (November 7, 2012). "Mark Takano Becomes First LGBT Person of Color in Congress". The Advocate.
- "GOP Rep. Jason Lewis Loses To Queer Minnesota Businesswoman Angie Craig". huffingtonpost. Retrieved November 7, 2018.
- "Sharice Davids makes history: Kansas' 1st gay rep, 1st Native American woman in Congress". kansascity. Retrieved November 7, 2018.
- "Bisexual candidate Katie Hill hopes to be part of Democrats' 'blue wave'". nbc.com. Retrieved November 7, 2018.
- "Democrat Chris Pappas Becomes New Hampshire's 1st Openly Gay Member Of Congress". www.wbur.org. Retrieved November 7, 2018.