List of LGBT members of the United States Congress
As of March 2021,[update] 26 members of the LGBT community are known to have held office in the U.S. Congress. In the House, 25 LGBT people held office; in the Senate, 3 held office. Two people, Tammy Baldwin and Kyrsten Sinema, served in the House and were later elected into the Senate. The earliest known LGBT congressperson was Stewart McKinney, who began his term in the House in 1971. The earliest known LGBT senator is Harris Wofford, who began his term in 1991. Both men were not out during their tenure: McKinney's bisexuality was revealed after his death and Wofford announced his plans to marry a man over 20 years after serving in the Senate. There are currently[update] 11 openly LGBT members of the 117th Congress, all of whom are Democrats. Two are senators and the rest are House representatives. This constitutes the most LGBT congresspeople serving at the same time in U.S. history.
All senators listed served as open members of the LGBT community unless otherwise specified:
Came out after serving
Posthumously identified as LGBT
|Harris Wofford||Democratic||Pennsylvania||May 8, 1991||January 3, 1995||Wofford announced his marriage to a man in 2016, which makes him the earliest known LGBT senator.|
|Tammy Baldwin||Democratic||Wisconsin||January 3, 2013||Incumbent||As an openly lesbian woman, Baldwin is the first openly LGBT senator.|
|Kyrsten Sinema||Democratic||Arizona||January 3, 2019||Incumbent||Sinema is the first openly bisexual senator.|
House of Representatives
All representatives listed served as open members of the LGBT community unless otherwise specified:
Came out after serving
Posthumously identified as LGBT
|Stewart McKinney||Republican||CT-04||January 3, 1971||May 7, 1987||After dying in office of AIDS, McKinney was outed as bisexual in his obituary, making him the earliest known LGBT member of Congress.|
|Barbara Jordan||Democratic||TX-18||January 3, 1973||January 3, 1979||Jordan's domestic partnership with Nancy Earl was revealed in her obituary in 1996.|
|Gerry Studds||Democratic||MA-12||January 3, 1973||January 3, 1983||Studds came out as gay as a result of his implication in the 1983 congressional page sex scandal. He became the first openly LGBT person to win election to Congress with his reelection in 1984.|
|MA-10||January 3, 1983||January 3, 1997|
|Robert Bauman||Republican||MD-01||August 21, 1973||January 3, 1981||In October 1980, Bauman was outed as gay while in office, making him the first openly LGBT member of Congress.|
|Jon Hinson||Republican||MS-04||January 3, 1979||April 13, 1981||Hinson was outed as gay after being arrested on a charge of oral sodomy on February 4, 1981.|
|Barney Frank||Democratic||MA-04||January 3, 1981||January 3, 2013||Frank came out as gay in 1987 and in 2012 became the first member of Congress in a same-sex marriage.|
|Steve Gunderson||Republican||WI-03||January 3, 1981||January 3, 1997||Outed as gay on the floor of the House in 1994, Gunderson was the first openly gay Republican to be reelected after being outed.|
|Jim Kolbe||Republican||AZ-05||January 3, 1985||January 3, 2003||In 1996, Kolbe came out as gay while in office after voting for the Defense of Marriage Act. He was the first openly gay person to address the Republican National Convention.|
|AZ-08||January 3, 2003||January 3, 2007|
|Michael Huffington||Republican||CA-22||January 3, 1993||January 3, 1995||In 1998, Huffington came out as bisexual.|
Retired to run unsuccessfully for U.S. Senator from California
|Mark Foley||Republican||FL-16||January 3, 1995||September 29, 2006||Foley came out as gay after being implicated in a 2006 congressional page scandal.|
|Tammy Baldwin||Democratic||WI-02||January 3, 1999||January 3, 2013||Baldwin is the first openly LGBT non-incumbent elected to Congress. She retired in 2012 to run successfully for U.S. Senator from Wisconsin.|
|Mike Michaud||Democratic||ME-02||January 3, 2003||January 3, 2015||Michaud came out as gay in 2013.|
|Jared Polis||Democratic||CO-02||January 3, 2009||January 3, 2019||In 2011, Polis became the first same-sex parent in Congress. He retired in 2018 to run successfully for Governor of Colorado, becoming the first openly gay elected governor of a U.S. state.|
|Aaron Schock||Republican||IL-18||January 3, 2009||March 31, 2015||Schock came out as gay in 2020.|
|David Cicilline||Democratic||RI-01||January 3, 2011||Incumbent||Cicilline is openly gay.|
|Sean Patrick Maloney||Democratic||NY-18||January 3, 2013||Incumbent||Maloney is openly gay.|
|Mark Pocan||Democratic||WI-02||January 3, 2013||Incumbent||As an openly gay man, Pocan is the first LGBT member of Congress to replace another LGBT member of Congress (Tammy Baldwin) and the first non-incumbent in a same-sex marriage elected to Congress.|
|Kyrsten Sinema||Democratic||AZ-09||January 3, 2013||January 3, 2019||Sinema is the first openly bisexual member of Congress. She retired in 2018 to run successfully for U.S. Senator from Arizona.|
|Mark Takano||Democratic||CA-41||January 3, 2013||Incumbent||Takano is the first openly gay person of color (specifically Asian American) elected to Congress.|
|Angie Craig||Democratic||MN-02||January 3, 2019||Incumbent||As an openly lesbian woman, Craig is the first non-incumbent LGBT parent elected to Congress.|
|Sharice Davids||Democratic||KS-03||January 3, 2019||Incumbent||Davids is the first openly lesbian woman of color (specifically Native American) elected to Congress.|
|Katie Hill||Democratic||CA-25||January 3, 2019||November 1, 2019||Hill is openly bisexual. She resigned in 2019 amid allegations of improper relationships with staffers.|
|Chris Pappas||Democratic||NH-01||January 3, 2019||Incumbent||Pappas is openly gay.|
|Mondaire Jones||Democratic||NY-17||January 3, 2021||Incumbent||Jones is the first openly gay African-American elected to Congress (along with Ritchie Torres).|
|Ritchie Torres||Democratic||NY-15||January 3, 2021||Incumbent||Torres is the first openly gay African-American elected to Congress (along with Mondaire Jones) and the first openly gay Latino member of Congress.|
- Congressional LGBTQ+ Equality Caucus
- List of LGBT politicians in the United States
- List of the first LGBT holders of political offices in the United States
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Too often, our society seeks to label people by pinning them on the wall – straight, gay or in between. I don't categorize myself based on the gender of those I love. I had a half-century of marriage with a wonderful woman, and now am lucky for a second time to have found happiness.
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