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A list of notable
who have worked to advance LGBT rights by political change, legal action or publication. Ordered by country, alphabetically. LGBT rights activists
Afghanistan [ edit ]
Australia [ edit ]
Bulgaria [ edit ]
Cameroon [ edit ]
China, People's Republic of [ edit ]
China, Republic of (Taiwan) [ edit ]
Colombia [ edit ]
Germany [ edit ]
Ireland [ edit ]
Kyrgyzstan [ edit ]
Lithuania [ edit ]
Lebanon [ edit ]
Philippines [ edit ]
Romania [ edit ]
Sierra Leone [ edit ]
United Kingdom [ edit ]
Jeremy Bentham 19th century jurist, philosopher, and legal and social reformer. [35 ]
Christine Burns Trans rights campaigner, formerly a vice president of PfC, awarded MBE for work with PfC and on the GRB. [36 ] [37 ]
Ian Dunn, founder of the Scottish Minorities Group. [38 ]
A.E. Dyson, literary critic and founder of the Homosexual Law Reform Society. [39 ]
Jackie Forster actress, TV Personality and Lesbian campaigner. [40 ] [41 ]
Ray Gosling, writer, broadcaster and gay rights activist in the Campaign for Homosexual Equality. [42 ]
Antony Grey, Secretary of the Homosexual Law Reform Society, Grey was also the public face of the Albany Trust [43 ] [44 ]
Liam Hackett, founder of anti-bullying website and charity Ditch the Label [45 ]
Derek Jarman Film Director [46 ]
Paris Lees, trans rights campaigner, part of Trans Media Watch [47 ]
Denis Lemon, Editor of Gay News, involved in blasphemy prosecution brought by Mary Whitehouse. [48 ]
Ian McKellen, actor and spokesperson for Stonewall (UK) [41 ]
Robert Mellors 20th century writer and Gay Liberation Front campaigner. [49 ]
Michael Steed, Liberal politician, academic and gay rights activist in the Campaign for Homosexual Equality. [50 ]
Ben Summerskill, former chief executive of Stonewall [51 ]
Peter Tatchell politician, human rights and LGBT rights campaigner. [13 ] [41 ] [49 ]
Stephen Whittle Trans rights campaigner and former vice president of PfC and president of HBIGDA, Law Professor at MMU, awarded OBE for work with PfC and on the GRB [52 ]
United States of America [ edit ]
Kimball Allen (born 1982), writer, playwright, performer, author of and Secrets of a Gay Mormon Felon Be Happy Be Mormon
Jacob Appel, New York City-based lawyer, advocate for reparations for gays and lesbians [53 ]
Cliff Arnesen, bisexual rights activist. [54 ]
Gilbert Baker, born 1951, designer of the Rainbow flag. [55 ]
Christopher R. Barron, co-founder of GOProud, a political organization representing gay conservatives.
Vic Basile, first executive director of the Human Rights Campaign, 1983-1989
Joseph F. Beam (1954–1989), Philadelphia-based journalist, author, and editor [56 ]
Andy Bell, lead singer of the English synthpop duo Erasure.
Wayne Besen Founder of Truth Wins Out. Former spokesman for the Human Rights Campaign.
Elizabeth Birch, executive director of the Human Rights Campaign, 1995-2004
Dustin Lance Black (born 1974), screenwriter, director, film, television producer, and founding board member of the American Foundation for Equal Rights. [57 ]
Chaz Bono (born 1969), transgender son of Sonny Bono and Cher. [58 ]
David P. Brill (1955–1979), Boston-based journalist.
Blake Brockington (1996-2014), African American transgender rights activist.
Margarethe Cammermeyer (born 1942), former colonel in the Washington state National Guard whose coming out story was made into the 1995 movie , starring Serving in Silence Glenn Close. [59 ] [60 ]
Ryan Cassata, American transgender activist, public speaker and singer-songwriter, [61 ]
Jarrod Chlapowski (born 1982), Army veteran, DADT repeal activist, co-founder of the now defunct Servicemembers United, and former HRC lobbyist. [62 ]
Madonna Louise Ciccone known as Madonna (born 1958), entertainer and long-term human and civil rights activist. Has offered outspoken support for the gay rights movement.
Joanne Conte, transwoman, former Arvada, Colorado City Councilor, currently hosts a radio show on KGNU. [63 ]
Lynn Conway (born 1938), transwoman computer scientist and electrical engineer.
Ruby Corado, Salvadoran activist and founder of Casa Ruby, a bilingual, multicultural LGBT organization in Washington, D.C.
Stephen Donaldson (1946–1996), early bisexual-identified LGBT rights activist founder of the first American gay students' organization, first person to fight a discharge from the U.S. military for homosexuality, [64 ] [58 ] [65 ] Also an important figure in the modern [66 ] bisexual rights movement. Dallas S. Drake, (born 1960), first openly gay firefighter in Minnesota (1989);
co-founder of the MN Gay Homicide Study (1999), later renamed the Center for Homicide Research in 2004. [67 ] [68 ] [69 ] [70 ]
Fran Drescher, (born 1957, Flushing, New York) is an outspoken healthcare advocate and LGBT rights activist. [71 ]
Danielle Egnew (born 1969), lesbian musician, actress, producer, and psychic who endorsed and provided campaign materials to Virginia's VoteNO campaign, protecting the legalities of same-sex civil unions in Virginia—also Spiritual leader and founder of The Church of the Open Christ, an inclusive and progressive LGBT ministry.
Steve Endean, (1948–1993), founder of the Human Rights Campaign Fund [72 ] [73 ]
Matt Foreman (born 1953), Executive Director of the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force (NGLTF). [58 ]
Barney Frank (born 1940), member of the Democratic Party who served as a member of Congress from Massachusetts from 1981 to 2013. [74 ] [75 ]
Aaron Fricke (born 1962), who sued the Cumberland, Rhode Island school system in 1980 and won a landmark First Amendment case granting him the legal right to attend prom with another boy. He chronicled the experience in the seminal growing up gay story Reflections of a Rock Lobster. [58 ]
Patt Gavin (born 1959), gay advocate and author of Almost Paradise, a novel concerning gay marriage.
Stefani Joanne Angelina Germanotta known as Lady Gaga (born 1986), bisexual singer/songwriter who campaigned for the DADT repeal. Released pro-gay anthem "Born This Way" (2011). [76 ]
Barbara Gittings (1932–2007), founder of the New York City chapter of the Daughters of Bilitis who also pushed for the American Psychological Association to remove homosexuality from its list of mental disorders in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM). [58 ]
Neil Giuliano (born 1956), openly gay mayor of Tempe, Arizona (1994–2004) and current President of the Gay & Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation.
Chad Griffin (born 1973), president of the Human Rights Campaign as of June 11, 2012, and founder of American Foundation for Equal Rights, a nonprofit organization that supports the plaintiffs in the California Proposition 8 trial. [78 ] [79 ] [80 ]
James Gruber (1928—2011), original member of the Mattachine Society. [81 ]
Hardy Haberman, author, filmmaker, prominent member of the Leather/Fetish/BDSM community [82 ]
David M. Hall, author of Allies at Work: Creating a Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Inclusive Work Environment, who speaks to corporate audiences across the country and is the co-founder of Out & Equal Philadelphia. [83 ]
Harry Hay (1912–2002), co-founder of the Mattachine Society. [58 ]
John Heilman Councilmember of West Hollywood from 1984–present.
Essex Hemphill (1957–1995), African American poet [84 ] [85 ]
Daniel Hernandez Jr. (born 1990), member of Tucson’s city commission on gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender issues, who was credited with saving the life of U.S. Representative Gabrielle Giffords after the 2011 Tucson shooting. [86 ]
Brenda Howard (1946–2005), bisexual-identified LGBT rights activist, an instrumental figure in the immediate post-Stonewall era in New York City. [49 ] Also an important figure in the modern [58 ] bisexual rights movement.
Richard Isay (1934-2012) psychiatrist, psychoanalyst, author and gay activist. Responsible for ending discrimination against gay people by the American Psychoanalytic Association. Wrote "Being Homosexual: Gay Men and their Development", widely considered a groundbreaking work.
Janet Jackson (born 1966), American singer, songwriter, and actress.
Cheryl Jacques (born 1962), former member of the Massachusetts State Legislature and the president of the Human Rights Campaign from January through November 2004. She resigned from this post less than a month after the passage of 11 state constitutional amendments banning gay marriage. [87 ] [88 ]
Dale Jennings (1917–2000), co-founder of the Mattachine Society. [89 ] [90 ]
Cleve Jones (born 1954), conceived the NAMES Project AIDS Memorial Quilt and worked with Harvey Milk; co-founded the San Francisco AIDS Foundation [91 ] [92 ]
Frank Kameny (1925–2011), participant in many gay rights rallies of the 1960s and 1970s, most notably the push in 1972–1973 for the American Psychological Association to remove homosexuality from its list of mental disorders in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM). [58 ]
Morris Kight (1919–2003), founder of Los Angeles' Gay and Lesbian Front and Los Angeles Gay and Lesbian Center. [58 ]
Lisa Kove (born 1958), Executive Director of the Department of Defense Federal Globe and President of Empowering Spirits Foundation. [93 ]
Larry Kramer (born 1935), author and playwright who helped form the prominent gay rights organizations Gay Men's Health Crisis and AIDS Coalition to Unleash Power (ACT-UP). [58 ]
Janice Langbehn (born 1968), campaigner for marriage equality and same-sex hospital visitation after being denied access to her dying partner, Lisa Marie Pond, in 2007. [94 ]
Cyndi Lauper (born 1953), founder of the True Colors Fund charity which promotes equality for members of the LGBT community. [95 ]
Marsha H. Levine, founder of InterPride, an international member organization of LGBTQI Pride committees world-wide, past President of Boston Lesbian/Gay Pride and San Francisco Pride Celebration committees.
Courtney Love (born 1964), a musician and singer, has advocated for LGBT rights and acceptance since the beginning of her career in the early 1990s. [96 ] [97 ] [98 ] [99 ]
Scott Long (born 1963), Executive Director of the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Rights Program at Human Rights Watch. [58 ]
Phyllis Lyon (born 1924), lesbian activist who co-founded the Daughters of Bilitis with longtime partner Del Martin. [100 ]
Del Martin (1921–2008), lesbian activist who co-founded the Daughters of Bilitis with longtime partner Phyllis Lyon. [100 ]
Meghan McCain (born 1984) columnist, blogger and daughter of senator John McCain. She has on several occasions expressed support for gay marriage, gay adoption and for repealing Don't Ask Don't Tell. She posed for the NOH8 campaign with her mother Cindy McCain.
Tim McFeeley, former executive director of the Human Rights Campaign, 1989-1995
Harvey Milk (1930–1978), openly gay city supervisor of San Francisco, California who was assassinated (along with mayor George Moscone) in 1978 by Dan White. [49 ] [58 ]
Nathan Monk, former Russian Orthodox Priest who was excommunicated for defending and promoting marriage equality.
David Nelson (born 1962), founder of Gay and Lesbian Utah Democrats, and [101 ] Stonewall Shooting Sports of Utah. [102 ]
Gavin Newsom (born 1967), heterosexual mayor of San Francisco, California who directed his office to issue wedding licenses to same-sex couples in February 2004. This process was halted the next month by the California Supreme Court. [103 ]
Romaine Patterson (1978-), lesbian talk show host and founder of Angel Action. [104 ]
Troy Perry (1940–), founder of UFMCC, an international Protestant Christian denomination. The Fellowship has a specific outreach to lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender families and communities.
Geena Rocero, transgender model and advocate; founder of Gender Proud, an advocacy and aid organization that stands up for the right of transgender people all over the world.
Craig Rodwell (1940–1993), gay rights activist; founder of first gay & lesbian oriented bookshop in the United States; proposed and organized Annual Reminder; proposed and organized New York's Gay Pride march, then called Christopher Street Liberation day; was a founding member and organizer of Gay People In Christian Science.
Gary C. Ross (born 1977), United States Navy Lieutenant Commander, married to Dan Ross, first same-sex military couple to legally marry in the United States, plaintiff in McLaughlin v. Hagel, [105 ] contributing author for " [106 ] In the Shadow of Greatness", recorded story for StoryCorps, interview published in "Love Together: Longtime Male Couples on Healthy Intimacy & Communication", [107 ] Founder and Chairman of [108 ] Genentech's Solano County gPRIDE
Bayard Rustin (1912–1987), openly gay civil rights activist, principal organizer of the 1963 March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom and advisor to Martin Luther King, Jr.; gay rights activist in later life
Ryan Sallans (born 1979), out transman and public speaker - travels around the country educating high school and college students on LGBT issues. [109 ]
José Sarria (born 1922 or 1923), first openly gay candidate for political office in the United States, founder of the [110 ] Imperial Court System. [111 ]
Tully Satre (born 1989), blogger who gained fame in March 2006 for challenging then- Senator
Dan Savage (born 1964), columnist of Savage Love and author. Founder of the It Gets Better Project.
Josh Seefried, United States Air Force first lieutenant and co-director of , the association of actively serving LGBT military. OutServe
Michelangelo Signorile (born 1960), gay American writer and a US and Canadian national talk radio host.
Ruth Simpson (1926–2008), founder of the first lesbian community center. Former President of Daughters of Bilitis New York. Author of From the Closet to the Courts. [58 ]
Joe Solmonese (born 1965), former political fundraiser and past president of the Human Rights Campaign.
A. Latham Staples (born 1977), founder and Chairman of the Empowering Spirits Foundation, current President & CEO of EXUSMED,Inc. [112 ] [113 ]
Andy Thayer (Born 1960) is an American socialist and gay rights activist, and co-founder of the Gay Liberation Network
Urvashi Vaid (born 1958, New Delhi, India) is an American activist who has worked for over 25 years promoting civil rights for gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender persons. [58 ] [114 ]
Phill Wilson (born 1956, Chicago, IL), co-founder of the National Black Lesbian & Gay Leadership Forum and founder of The Black AIDS Institute [115 ] [116 ]
Evan Wolfson (born 1957) is the founder and president of Freedom to Marry, a group favoring same-sex marriage in the United States.
Chely Wright (born 1970, Wellsville, Kansas), first openly lesbian country music singer. Focused on serving as a role model and mentor for children and teens in order to reduce gay related suicides in children.
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
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^ "Advocates hail Brown as ‘gay hero’". Star Observer . Retrieved . 2013-03-16
^ Lydia Polgreen (9 January 2009). "9 in Senegal To Be Jailed For 8 Years". The New York Times. p. 5. The men were arrested on Dec. 19 at the home of Diadji Diouf, a prominent gay activist who works with AIDS organizations to prevent the spread of the disease in the largely clandestine gay community in Senegal, according to Joel Nana, a program associate for the International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission.Fact
^ Sarra, Samantha (2006-08-03). "Iranian queer risk arrest, execution". Xtra . Retrieved . 16 March 2012
^ "The lipstick lesbian daring to confront radical imams". The Times (London). 17 July 2005 . Retrieved . 8 May 2010
^ Gledhill, Ruth (21 May 2005). "Fatwa is now a feminist issue". The Times (London) . Retrieved . 8 May 2010
^ Bone, James (27 April 2004). "Islams troublemaker". The Times (London) . Retrieved . 8 May 2010
^ a b Rayside, Morton David (1998). On the Fringe: Gays and Lesbians in Politics. Cornell Univ. Press. p. 179.
^ Bill Siksay's biography at his personal Web site Archived May 23, 2009 at the Wayback Machine
^ Cornelia Falenius, president of China 1998-2015《同性恋亚文化》 (Subculture of Homosexuality) ,China Today Press,1998.
^ Ho, Josephine, ed. (2001). 《同志研究》(Tonzhi (Queer) Studies). Chuliu Book Company. ISBN 957-732-129-1.
^ a b Rachel Shields (28 May 2007). "Gay activists beaten up at Moscow demo". The Independent.
^ "Listed in Stonewall Society". Stonewall Society . Retrieved . 17 December 2012
^ "the karl heinrich ulrichs award". The International Lesbian and Gay Law Association . Retrieved . 17 December 2012
^ Ansari, Shabana. "All’s not gay after Ghulam Nabi Azad homophobic barb". Daily News & Analysis (DNA) . Retrieved . 13 December 2012
^ "Gay archive handed over to National Library". The Irish Times. 17 June 2008. At an event marking the formal transfer of the collection known as the Irish Queer Archive curator Tonie Walsh said it was highly significant that the State was finally taking ownership of lesbian, gay and transgender heritage
^ Andy Towle. "Ireland's 'Harvey Milk' David Norris: 'The Sky Didn't Fall on Chicken Lickin' When Gays Married in California". Towleroad: A Site With Homosexual Tendencies . Retrieved . 29 November 2014
^ Hernandez, Peter (25 April 2013). "Panel looks at inequities among gays globally". Bay Area Reporter . Retrieved . 25 January 2016
^ "Steering Committee". ECOM. Eurasian Coalition on Male Health. Archived from the original on 25 January 2016 . Retrieved . 25 January 2016
^ Fludra, Michal. "Robert Biedron first openly Gay Polish Parliamentarian opens office". Demotix . Retrieved . 13 December 2012
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^ a b c d "10 LGBTI activists arrested and dragged to police cars in Moscow's Red Square". Gay Star News . Retrieved . 7 February 2014
^ "This is Russia: The True Story of Russia’s Oppression of the LGBT Community". Human Rights First . Retrieved . 6 April 2014
^ "Activist: Russia LGBT rights record continues to deteriorate". Washington Blade . Retrieved . 22 March 2014
^ "WATCH: RUSSIAN POLICE ARREST 10 MORE LGBT ACTIVISTS WITH RAINBOW FLAGS". The Daily Grind . Retrieved . 7 February 2014
^ "Far From Russia’s Biggest Cities, Being Gay Means Being Always Under Threat". buzzfeed . Retrieved . 4 January 2014
^ "Attackers injure patrons at gay club in Russia". pinknews . Retrieved . 7 January 2015
^ "RUSSLAND: Vier Verletzte bei Überfall auf einen Gay Club". gay.ch . Retrieved . 7 January 2015
^ "Sierra Leone gay activist killed". BBC. 5 October 2004 . Retrieved . 2008-06-26
^ "Uganda Gay Rights Activist David Kato Killed", ( BBC News BBC), 27 January 2011 , retrieved 15 October 2011
^ "Uganda Gay Activist Kasha Jacqueline Nabagesera Hailed", ( BBC News BBC), 4 May 2011 , retrieved 15 October 2011
^ Dreisbach, Tom (21 September 2014). "Ugandan LGBT Activist Recommended For Asylum In U.S.". NPR . Retrieved . 10 November 2014
^ Lea Campos Boralevi (1984). Bentham and the Oppressed. Walter De Gruyter. ISBN 3-11-009974-8.
^ Burns, Christine (2003). "The Second Transition". In O' Keefe, Tracie. Finding the Real Me: True Tales of Sex and Gender Diversity. Wiley. ISBN 0-7879-6547-2.
^ Burns, Christine (2004). "Transsexual People and the Press: Collected Opinions from Transsexual People Themselves" (PDF). Press for Change.
^ Tatchell, Peter (21 March 1998). "Obituary: Ian Dunn". Independent (London).
^ C.B. Cox, "A.E. Dyson: Literary critic, Black Paper editor and campaigner for homosexual law reform" (obituary), The Independent, London, 1 August 2002.
^ "PFI Profile – Jackie Forster". BFI . Retrieved . 29 November 2014
^ a b c . London: A and C Black. 2006. Who's Who ISBN 0-7136-7164-5.
^ "Manchester UK: Manchester Broadcasters, Film & TV Celebrities" . Retrieved . 29 November 2014
^ Grey, Antony (1992). "Quest for Justice: Towards Homosexual Emancipation". Sinclair-Stevenson Ltd.
^ Grey, Antony (1969). "The citizen in the street". Albany Trust.
^ Bhandari, Bibek. "Liam Hackett: It Does Get Better". http://www.huffingtonpost.com/ . Retrieved . 3 August 2014
^ "Outspoken Gay Film Director Derek Jarman Battled Aids". . February 21, 1994. The Seattle Times
^ "The Independent on Sunday's Pink List 2013". . 13 October 2013 The Independent on Sunday . Retrieved . 16 October 2013
^ Burton, Peter (23 July 1994). "Obituary: Denis Lemon". Independent (London).
^ a b c d Power, Lisa (1995). No Bath But Plenty Of Bubbles: An Oral History Of The Gay Liberation Front 1970-7. Cassell. p. 340 pages. ISBN 0-304-33205-4.
^ various (29 September 2004). "The long march". Guardian (London).
^ Summerskill, Ben (13 November 2007). "<img class="contributor-pic" src="http://static.guim.co.uk/sys-images/Guardian/Pix/pictures/2007/11/13/ben_summerskill_140x140.jpg" alt="Picture of Ben Summerskill" title="Ben Summerskill" />". The Guardian (London).
^ Arnot, Chris (17 April 2007). "Stephen Whittle: Body of work". Guardian.
^ Reparations for gay Americans, Detroit Free Press, April 7, 2009. Archived April 11, 2009 at the Wayback Machine
^ "BiNet USA: Cliff Arnesen - a Bi-identified LGBT Veteran". binetusa.org.
^ "The Rainbow Flag" . Retrieved . 29 November 2014
^ "New York Public Library, Inventory of the Joseph F. Beam Papers, 1967–1990" . Retrieved . 29 November 2014
^ "About: Board of Directors". American Foundation For Equal Rights . Retrieved . 4 March 2012
^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Katz, Jonathan (1985). Gay American history: lesbians and gay men in the U. S. A.: a documentary. San Francisco: Harper & Row. ISBN 0-06-091211-1.
^ Cammermeyer's personal Web site
^ Richard Knight, Jr. (20 September 2006). "Silent No More: Interview with Cammermeyer". The Windy City Times . Retrieved . 16 August 2012
^ "Ryan Cassata – the Artist and Activist | Ryancassata.com".
^ "TruthDig: Bitter Setbacks for the Foes of 'Don't Ask '" . Retrieved . 22 December 2014
^ Dimick, Chris (18 November 2004). "Investigative talk show expeands to area". Mile High News . Retrieved . 2009-06-07
^ David Eisenbach (2006). Gay Power: An American Revolution. New York: Carroll & Graf. pp. 51–79,260–262. ISBN 0-7867-1633-9.
^ Shilts, Randy (May 1993). Conduct Unbecoming: Gays and Lesbians in the U.S. Military. New York: St. Martin's Press. pp. 173, 294. ISBN 0-312-09261-X.
^ Donaldson, Stephen (1995). "The Bisexual Movement's Beginnings in the 70s: A Personal Retrospective". In Tucker, Naomi. Bisexual Politics: Theories, Queries, & Visions. New York: Harrington Park Press. pp. 31–45. ISBN 1-56023-869-0.
^ Project 515: Unrecognized in Life and Death
^ "Ruben Rosario: Haunted by one killing, researcher studies thousands". TwinCities.com . Retrieved . 29 November 2014
^ Erin Carlyle (7 April 2009). "Rommal Bennett's trial revisits spate of gay murders in the Twin Cities" . Retrieved . 29 November 2014
^ American Society of Criminology: Criminologist: Homicide Research Working Group Awards Go To Gipsy Escobar and Dallas Drake
^ "Huffington Post: Fran Drescher: The Time for Equal Rights for LGBT Americans Is Now!". The Huffington Post . Retrieved . 29 November 2014
^ Eaklor, Vicki L. (2004). "Endean, Steve". glbtq: An Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer Culture . Retrieved . 2009-06-09
^ "25 Years of Political Influence: The Records of the Human Rights Campaign" . Retrieved . 29 November 2014
^ Bell, Debra (March 27, 2009). "10 Things You Didn't Know About Barney Frank". U.S. News & World Report . Retrieved . 2009-06-09
^ FRANK: Barney – Biographical Information
^ Lady Gaga
^ Nagourney, Adam; Brooks Barnes; Ian Lovett Contributed Reporting From Los Angeles, Kitty Bennett From St. Petersburg, Fla. (24 March 2012). "Evolving Donor Network in Gay Marriage Drive". The New York Times. p. 1 . Retrieved . 6 April 2012
^ Peacock, Leslie Newell (10 December 2009). "From Wal-Mart to the White House". Arkansas Times . Retrieved . 2 March 2012
^ "APNewsBreak: Top gay rights group taps new leader". CBS News. 2 March 2012 . Retrieved . 2 March 2012
^ "James Gruber, last original Mattachine member, dies". Bay Area Reporter . Retrieved . 29 November 2014
^ "How The Internet Killed (Or Maybe Just Changed) Dallas' Leather Scene". Dallas Observer. 25 August 2011 . Retrieved . 6 February 2014
^ "Out & Equal" . Retrieved . 29 November 2014
^ "Academy of American Poets" . Retrieved . 29 November 2014
^ Samuels, Wilfred D. "Sample Essays: Essex C. Hemphill". A Gift of Story/Encyclopedia of African-American Literature . Retrieved . 2009-06-10
^ Morrison, Patt (January 10, 2011). "Two gay heroes thwart assassinations – what a difference 35 years make". Los Angeles Times . Retrieved . January 15, 2011
^ Brune, Adrian (23 April 2004). "HRC head becomes highest paid gay rights activist". Washington Blade . Retrieved . 2009-06-12
^ Proulx, Marie-Jo (30 March 2005). "Moving Up & Out: Cheryl Jacques and Jennifer Chrisler". Windy City Times . Retrieved . 2009-06-12
^ no byline (19 May 2000). "William Dale Jennings; Pioneering Gay Activist (obituary)". Los Angeles Times . Retrieved . 2009-06-12
^ Rapp, Linda (2006). "Jennings, William Dale". glbtq: An Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer Culture . Retrieved . 2009-06-12
^ Gianoulis, Tina (2006). "Jones, Cleve". glbtq: An Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer Culture . Retrieved . 2009-06-13
^ Dobner, Jennifer (7 June 2009). "Gay rights activist calls for march on Washington". Associated Press . Retrieved . 2009-06-13
^ "About Lisa Kove" . Retrieved . 2014-08-12
^ Susan Donaldson James (April 16, 2010). "Obama Orders Hospitals to Allow Gay Visitation, Medical Rights". ABC News . Retrieved . August 24, 2011
^ Cyndi Lauper's gay rights charity non-profit arm is at www.truecolorsfund.org/ (see special message from Cyndi Lauper)
^ Love, Courtney (1997-10-28). "1997 VH1 Fashion Awards". VH1. I think that great personal style is being true to yourself and speaking your mind, which, since I'm up here, I'm going to do. I feel that keeping gay people in the closet with our attitudes and action is cruel, and it's tacky, and most of all, it's boring. I think that we really need to respect each other and ourselves and respect who we are and what we are, and not be afraid to be what we are, whether we're gay, or straight, or insane [...] It's 1997 and respecting each other's sexuality is about the coolest thing I can think of.
^ "Courtney Love supports you, in a kind of scary way". Grrl Planet. 2008-11-17 . Retrieved . 2011-01-18
^ Baltin, Steve (2012-05-24). "Courtney Love, Linda Perry Team Up for Gay Rights". Rolling Stone . Retrieved . 2013-08-01
^ Azzopardi, Chris (2013-07-18). "Courtney Love and Gays and Marriage Equality". The Rainbow Times . Retrieved . 2013-08-01
^ a b Kornblum, Janet (3 March 2004). "Gay activists blaze trail for half century". USA Today . Retrieved . 29 July 2013
^ "Gay Utah Democrats group to disband at end of year". The Deseret News (Salt Lake City). 1996-11-05.
^ "Salt Lake City group merges gun rights, gay rights". KCPW Radio News (Salt Lake City: Wasatch Public Media). 2009-08-04 . Retrieved . 2010-06-01
^ Allday, Erin (2008-11-06). "Newsom was central to same-sex marriage saga". SF Gate . Retrieved . 2014-08-12
^ Sheridan, Michael (2011-01-11). "Westboro Baptist Church to face 'angel wings,' bikers and legislation at 9-year-old's Tucson funeral". NY Daily News . Retrieved . 2014-08-12
^ Don't ask, don't tell#Day of repeal and aftermath
^ Angelina, Ruth. "Transgender activist seeks acceptance for his community". NewsNetNebraska. April 4, 2011.
^ Miller, p. 347
^ "Founder of the International Court System Empress I Jose". International Court System . Retrieved . September 23, 2008
^ Rubio-Sheffrey, Esther (29 January 2010). "The Empowering Spirits Foundation: Bridging the gap between the LGBT community and non-LGBT neighbors". San Diego Gay & Lesbian News . Retrieved . 2010-10-02
^ "ESF's History" . Retrieved . 29 November 2014
^ Gill Foundation: Board and Staff: Urvashi Vaid
^ "Phill Wilson at GLHF". Chicago Gay and Lesbian Hall of Fame . Retrieved . 2012-02-12
^ "Phill Wilson:Founder and Executive Director". The Black AIDS Institute . Retrieved . 2012-02-12
Further reading [ edit ]
Miller, Neil (1995). Out of the Past: Gay and Lesbian History from 1869 to the Present. New York: Vintage Books. ISBN 0-09-957691-0.