List of LNER Class A1/A3 locomotives

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Below are the names and numbers of the steam locomotives that comprised the LNER Class A1/A3, that ran on the Great Northern and latterly the London and North Eastern Railway network. They represented Nigel Gresley's attempt to standardise steam design. The class names mainly denoted various racehorses; there were seven exceptions, detailed at the end.

LNER No. BR No. Original Name (Rename(s)) Manufacturer Serial No. Entered Service Rebuilt Withdrawn
4470 60113 Great Northern Doncaster Works 1536 April 1922 September 1945 16 November 1962
4471 60102 Sir Frederick Banbury Doncaster Works 1539 July 1922 October 1942 November 1961
4472 60103 Flying Scotsman Doncaster Works 1564 February 1923 January 1947 January 1963
4473 60104 Solario Doncaster Works 1565 March 1923 October 1941 November 1959
4474 60105 Victor Wild Doncaster Works 1566 March 1923 October 1942 November 1963
4475 60106 Flying Fox Doncaster Works 1567 April 1923 March 1947 November 1964
4476 60107 Royal Lancer Doncaster Works 1568 May 1923 October 1946 November 1963
4477 60108 Gay Crusader Doncaster Works 1569 June 1923 January 1943 November 1963
4478 60109 Hermit Doncaster Works 1570 July 1923 November 1943 November 1962
4479 60110 Robert the Devil Doncaster Works 1571 July 1923 August 1942 November 1963
4480 60111 Enterprise Doncaster Works 1572 August 1923 July 1927 November 1962
4481 60112 St Simon Doncaster Works 1573 September 1923 August 1946 November 1964
2543 60044 Melton Doncaster Works 1598 June 1924 September 1947 June 1963
2544 60045 Lemberg Doncaster Works 1600 July 1924 December 1927 November 1964
2545 60046 Diamond Jubilee Doncaster Works 1601 August 1924 August 1941 June 1963
2546 60047 Donovan Doncaster Works 1602 August 1924 January 1948 April 1963
2547 60048 Doncaster Doncaster Works 1603 August 1924 May 1946 September 1963
2548 60049 Galtee More Doncaster Works 1604 September 1924 October 1945 December 1962
2549 60050 Persimmon Doncaster Works 1605 October 1924 December 1943 June 1963
2550 60051 Blink Bonny Doncaster Works 1606 October 1924 November 1945 November 1964
2551 60052 Prince Palatine Doncaster Works 1607 November 1924 August 1941 January 1966
2552 60053 Sansovino Doncaster Works 1608 November 1924 September 1943 May 1963
2553 60054 Manna (renamed 11 November 1926)[1]
Prince of Wales
Doncaster Works 1609 December 1924 July 1943 June 1964
2554 60055 Woolwinder Doncaster Works 1610 December 1924 June 1942 September 1961
2555 60056 Centenary Doncaster Works 1611 February 1925 August 1944 May 1963
2556 60057 Ormonde Doncaster Works 1612 February 1925 January 1947 October 1963
2557 60058 Blair Athol Doncaster Works 1613 February 1925 December 1945 June 1963
2558 60059 Tracery Doncaster Works 1614 March 1925 July 1942 December 1962
2559 60060 The Tetrarch Doncaster Works 1615 April 1925 January 1942 September 1963
2560 60061 Pretty Polly Doncaster Works 1616 April 1925 May 1944 September 1963
2561 60062 Minoru Doncaster Works 1617 May 1925 June 1944 December 1964
2562 60063 Isinglass Doncaster Works 1618 July 1925 April 1946 June 1964
2563 60064 William Whitelaw (name transferred to A4 No. 4462 in July 1941);[1]
Tagalie
North British Loco. 23101 August 1924 November 1942 September 1961
2564 60065 Knight of the Thistle (renamed Knight of Thistle in December 1932)[2] North British Loco. 23102 August 1924 March 1947 June 1964
2565 60066 Merry Hampton North British Loco. 23103 August 1924 December 1945 September 1963
2566 60067 Ladas North British Loco. 23104 August 1924 November 1939 December 1962
2567 60068 Sir Visto North British Loco. 23105 September 1924 December 1948 August 1962
2568 60069 Sceptre North British Loco. 23106 September 1924 May 1942 October 1962
2569 60070 Gladiateur North British Loco. 23107 September 1924 January 1947 May 1964
2570 60071 Tranquil North British Loco. 23108 September 1924 October 1944 October 1964
2571 60072 Sunstar North British Loco. 23109 September 1924 July 1941 October 1962
2572 60073 St. Gatien North British Loco. 23110 October 1924 November 1945 August 1963
2573 60074 Harvester North British Loco. 23111 October 1924 April 1928 April 1963
2574 60075 St. Frusquin North British Loco. 23112 October 1924 June 1942 January 1964
2575 60076 Galopin North British Loco. 23113 October 1924 June 1941 October 1962
2576 60077 The White Knight North British Loco. 23114 October 1924 July 1943 July 1964
2577 60078 Night Hawk North British Loco. 23115 October 1924 January 1944 October 1962
2578 60079 Bayardo North British Loco. 23116 October 1924 May 1928 September 1961
2579 60080 Dick Turpin North British Loco. 23117 November 1924 November 1942 October 1964
2580 60081 Shotover North British Loco. 23118 November 1924 February 1928 October 1962
2581 60082 Neil Gow North British Loco. 23119 November 1924 January 1943 September 1963
2582 60083 Sir Hugo North British Loco. 23120 December 1924 December 1941 May 1964
2743 60089 Felstead Doncaster Works 1693 August 1928 October 1963
2744 60090 Grand Parade Doncaster Works 1694 August 1928 October 1963
2745 60091 Captain Cuttle Doncaster Works 1695 September 1928 October 1964
2746 60092 Fairway Doncaster Works 1700 November 1928 October 1964
2747 60093 Coronach Doncaster Works 1703 December 1928 April 1962
2748 60094 Colorado Doncaster Works 1705 December 1928 February 1964
2749 60095 Flamingo Doncaster Works 1707 February 1929 April 1961
2750 60096 Papyrus Doncaster Works 1708 March 1929 September 1963
2751 60097 Humorist Doncaster Works 1709 April 1929 August 1963
2752 60098 Spion Kop Doncaster Works 1710 April 1929 October 1963
2595 60084 Trigo Doncaster Works 1731 February 1930 November 1964
2596 60085 Manna Doncaster Works 1733 February 1930 October 1964
2597 60086 Gainsborough Doncaster Works 1736 April 1930 November 1963
2598 60087 Blenheim Doncaster Works 1743 June 1930 October 1963
2599 60088 Book Law Doncaster Works 1744 July 1930 October 1963
2795 60099 Call Boy Doncaster Works 1738 April 1930 October 1963
2796 60100 Spearmint Doncaster Works 1741 May 1930 June 1965
2797 60101 Cicero Doncaster Works 1742 June 1930 April 1963
2500 60035 Windsor Lad Doncaster Works 1790 July 1934 September 1961
2501 60036 Colombo Doncaster Works 1791 July 1934 November 1964
2502 60037 Hyperion Doncaster Works 1792 July 1934 December 1963
2503 60038 Firdaussi Doncaster Works 1793 August 1934 November 1963
2504 60039 Sandwich Doncaster Works 1794 September 1934 March 1963
2505 60040 Cameronian Doncaster Works 1795 October 1934 July 1964
2506 60041 Salmon Trout Doncaster Works 1797 December 1934 December 1965
2507 60042 Singapore Doncaster Works 1798 December 1934 July 1964
2508 60043 Brown Jack Doncaster Works 1800 December 1935 May 1964

Non-racehorse names[edit]

GNR no. 1470 was named Great Northern when new in April 1922 in honour of the Great Northern Railway, which was to lose its identity at the end of the year; similarly, GNR no. 1471 was named Sir Frederick Banbury in September 1922, in honour of the final Chairman of the GNR.[3][4] The first Chairman of the LNER was honoured in the same way in 1924 when LNER no. 2563 was named William Whitelaw.[5][2]

No. 4472 was named Flying Scotsman after the 10 am express service from King's Cross to Edinburgh Waverley; the name was applied in February 1924 just before the locomotive was sent to the British Empire Exhibition.[5][2]

The year 1925 was the centenary of the Stockton and Darlington Railway, a LNER ancestor, and the first A1 built at Doncaster in that year, no. 2555, was accordingly named Centenary.[5][2]

No. 2579 was named Dick Turpin, but there was no distinguished racehorse of this name; the name refers to the well-known highwayman.[5][2]

No. 2553 was renamed Prince of Wales on 11 November 1926 following the visit of the future King Edward VIII to Doncaster Works a few days earlier; no. 2553 was one of the locomotives he had inspected there.[1]

No. 2564 was named after a racehorse but had an interesting history. No.2564 was named Knight of the Thistle after the racehorse owned by Mr H. McCalmont which won the 1897 Royal Hunt Cup. At this time No.2564’s use of the name apparently came to the notice of Lord Lyon, King of Arms in Scotland, and incurred his displeasure. When that engine was in Doncaster for general repair from 9th November 1932 until 2nd January 1933, the authorities saw fit to remove those plates and substitute new ones showing KNIGHT OF THISTLE, which was of course meaningless, both for the order, and equally, for the racehorse. It carried these innocuous plates until its withdrawal

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Boddy et al. 1963, p. 51.
  2. ^ a b c d e Boddy, Neve & Yeadon 1973, p. 73.
  3. ^ Boddy et al. 1963, p. 47.
  4. ^ Groves 1992, pp. 89,98.
  5. ^ a b c d Boddy et al. 1963, p. 50.

References[edit]

  • Boddy, M.G.; Fry, E.V.; Hennigan, W.; Proud, P.; Yeadon, W.B. (July 1963). Fry, E.V., ed. Part 1: Preliminary Survey. Locomotives of the L.N.E.R. Potters Bar: RCTS. 
  • Boddy, M.G.; Neve, E.; Yeadon, W.B. (April 1973). Fry, E.V., ed. Part 2A: Tender Engines - Classes A1 to A10. Locomotives of the L.N.E.R. Kenilworth: RCTS. ISBN 0-901115-25-8. 
  • Groves, Norman (1992). Great Northern Locomotive History: Volume 3b 1911-1922 The Gresley Era. Lincoln: RCTS. ISBN 0-901115-70-3. 
  • LNER encyclopaedia
  • Pedigree Online Thoroughbred Database
  • ABC of British Railway locomotives, (1959). Ian Allan Limited