List of LNG terminals

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Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is the liquefied form of natural gas, which has a much smaller volume than natural gas in its gaseous form. This liquefied condition is used to facilitate the carriage of natural gas over long distances, often by sea, in specialized tanks.

LNG port terminals are purpose-built port terminals designed to accommodate large LNG carrier ships designed to load, carry and unload LNG. These LNG terminals are located adjacent to a gas liquefaction and storage plant (export), or to a gas regasification and storage plant (import), which are themselves connected to gas pipelines connected to on-shore or off-shore gas fields (export) or to storage and distribution plants (import).

Existing liquefaction terminals[edit]

Africa[edit]

Plant Name Location Country Startup Date Capacity (106 tonnes/a) Corporation
Arzew (CAMEL) GL4Z Trains 1-3 Algeria 1964 0.3 × 3 = 0.9 Sonatrach. Shutdown since April 2010.
Arzew GL1Z Trains 1-6 Algeria 1978 1.3 × 6 = 7.8 Sonatrach
Arzew GL2Z Trains 1-6 Algeria 1981 1.4 × 6 = 8.4 Sonatrach
Arzew GL3Z Train 1 Algeria 2013 4.7 Sonatrach
Skikda GL K Phase 1 & 2 Trains 1-6 Algeria 1972/1981 Total 6.0 Sonatrach
Skikda GL1k Skikda Train 1 Algeria 2013 4.5 Sonatrach
EG LNG Malabo, Bioko Island Equatorial Guinea[1]
SEGAS LNG Damietta Egypt 2004 5.5 SEGAS LNG
ELNG IDCO LNG Egypt
Nigeria LNG Bonny Nigeria
Angola LNG Angola

Asia[edit]

Russia[edit]

Middle East[edit]

South America[edit]

Australia[edit]

Europe[edit]

  • Hammerfest LNG, Snøhvit, Norway
  • Tornio, Finland, owners Outokumpu Oyj, SSAB Oy, Skangas Oy and EPV Energia Oy (LNG regasification & LNG distribution)[14]
  • Pori, Finland, owner a Gasum company Skangas Oy (LNG regasification & LNG distribution)[15][16]

North America[edit]

Existing regasification terminals[edit]

Argentina[edit]

Bangladesh[edit]

Belgium[edit]

Brazil[edit]

  • Pecém, State of Ceará
  • Bahia LNG Regasification Terminal, Bay of All Saints, State of Bahia
  • Guanabara Bay, State of Rio de Janeiro
  • TPP Porto de Sergipe I, Barra dos Coqueiros, State of Sergipe. [Private Terminal]

Canada[edit]

Chile[edit]

China[edit]

Colombia[edit]

Croatia[edit]

Dominican Republic[edit]

Finland[edit]

France[edit]

Greece[edit]

India[edit]

Israel[edit]

  • Hadera Deepwater LNG Terminal, INGL, 2013[34]

Italy[edit]

Japan[edit]

Kuwait[edit]

Lithuania[edit]

Mexico[edit]

  • Costa Azul LNG 14 miles (23 km) north of Ensenada, Mexico, Sempra Energy, opened May 2008, first one on West Coast of North America.[38]
  • Altamira LNG near Tampico, Mexico, Shell, opened August 2006
  • Manzanillo LNG in Manzanillo, Colima, Mexico, Mitsui + Korea Gas + Samsung, opened 2011
  • Solensa LNG (Small Scale), near Monterrey, Mexico

Netherlands[edit]

Pakistan[edit]

  • Engro Enengy Terminal Private Limited (EETPL), Port Qasim, Karachi[40]
  • Pakistan Gas Port Corporation (PGPC), Port Qasim, Karachi[citation needed]

Poland[edit]

Portugal[edit]

Singapore[edit]

  • Singapore LNG Terminal. Commenced commercial operation on Q2 2013[41]

South Korea[edit]

Spain[edit]

Taiwan[edit]

Thailand[edit]

  • Map Ta Phut LNG Terminal Phase#1: 2 x 160,000 m3 for Tanks Capacity, PTT and EGAT Phase#2: extra tanks (same size). Phase#1 Completed & Commenced Commercial Operation Date in 2011.(First commissioning by LNG vessel on May 2011. 5 million tonnes per year, additional 5 million tonnes per year by 2017 under construction)

Turkey[edit]

United Arab Emirates (UAE)[edit]

  • Jebel Ali LNG Import Terminal, Dubai, started 2010 (DUSUP)[42]
  • Ruwais LNG Import Terminal, Abu Dhabi, 2016 (ADNOC)[43]

United States and Puerto Rico[edit]

The following LNG off-loading and regasification terminals are located in the United States and Gulf of Mexico:[44]

Cameron LNG Export Terminal in Louisiana, May 2019

UK[edit]

Proposed liquefaction terminals[edit]

Asia Pacific[edit]

Russia[edit]

North America[edit]

Canada[edit]

United States[edit]

The United States has had a massive shift in LNG terminal planning and construction starting in 2010-2011 due to a rapid increase in US domestic natural gas supply with the widespread adoption of hydraulic fracturing petroleum recovery technology. Many brand-new LNG import terminals are planning or have begun addition of liquefaction facilities to operate as export terminals.[citation needed]

On 21 November 2019, U.S. regulators approved permits for three new liquified natural gas export terminals in the Rio Grande Valley in Texas. The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission approved permits for Rio Grande LNG, Annova LNG and Texas LNG with each of the three companies intending to build their LNG plant and terminal at the Port of Brownsville.[72] One month after approval, the Sierra Club and other environmental groups asked the FERC to reconsider the permits, saying the agency failed to adequately consider environmental impacts.[73][needs update]

The following six projects are in various stages of planning according to the US Federal regulatory authority as of May 2020.[74]

Pending Applications
Projects in Pre-Filing

South America[edit]

Peru[edit]

Australia[edit]

Europe[edit]

  • Vassiliko LNG, Limassol, Cyprus

Russia[edit]

Proposed regasification terminals[edit]

Australia[edit]

Bangladesh[edit]

Chile[edit]

  • GNL Mejillones (In operation)
  • GNL Quintero (In operation)
  • GNL Penco

Estonia[edit]

  • Paldiski LNG (developed by Alexela)

Finland[edit]

France[edit]

Germany[edit]

Greece[edit]

Hong Kong[edit]

  • An FSRU (floating storage regasification unit) in the waters to the east of the Soko Islands

India[edit]

  • Pipavav LNG Terminal (APM Terminals)
  • Mundra LNG Terminal (GSPC/Adani) - 5mt/year[33]
  • Ennore LNG Terminal Ltd (IOCL/TIDCO)[89]
  • Mangalore LNG Terminal Ltd
  • Paradwip LNG Terminal (GAIL)-4.8 mt/year[90]
  • Kochi LNG Terminal (Puthuvypeen)[91]
  • Kakinada LNG Terminal owned by GAIL, GDF SUEZ and Shell. 5 mt/year.[92]
  • Kakinada LNG Terminal owned by VGS Cavallo, 3.6 mt/year.[93]
  • Kakinada LNG Terminal owned by GMR, 1.75 mt/year.[94]
  • Vizag LNG Terminal owned by Petronet, 10 mt/year.[95]
  • Konkan LNG Limited (GAIL), 5 mt/year
  • Chhara LNG Terminal (HSEPL)

Indonesia[edit]

The country also has liquefaction terminals in more remote areas for export, and imports from the Middle East in areas with dense population.

Ireland[edit]

Italy[edit]

  • Porto Empedocle LNG Terminal

Japan[edit]

  • Hitachi LNG Terminal, Tokyo Gas, 2017 possible start date.

Latvia[edit]

  • A terminal in Riga[98]

Mexico[edit]

Myanmar[edit]

  • A terminal in Kanbauk in Tanintharyi Region is expected to open in the middle of 2020, through JV of French company Total and Germany's Siemens for the 1,230MW capacity in 48 months[99]
  • A terminal in Mee Laung Gyaing in Ayeyarwady Region, is a US$2.5 Billion JV of China's Zhefu and local Myanmar company Supreme Group will undertake a 1,390MW LNG project, with the first phase to be completed in 36 months and full capacity ready in 42 months[100]
  • A terminal in Ahlone in Yangon Region a Thailand company TTCL – better known as Toyo Thai to will build a 356MW LNG plant. This is expected to be completed in 28 months[101]
  • A terminal in Kyaukphyu in Rakhine State a JV of China's Sinohydro and Myanmar Local company Supreme Group will build another 135MW combined-cycle gas turbine project which is expected to be completed in 28 months with the Ahlone terminal[102]

Netherlands[edit]

  • Eemshaven LNG Terminal, Eemsmond. Cancelled in 2010.[103]
  • LionGas Terminal, Europoort, Rotterdam. Canceled.[104]

Philippines[edit]

  • A First Gen LNG Terminal, Batangas City, Philippines[105]
  • A terminal in Sulu Southwestern Philippines in the Island of Mindanao[106]
  • A terminal in Cebu central Philippines of Phinma Petroleum and Geothermal (PPG), floating storage and regasification unit (FSRU) have already been completed and the entire project is expected to be completed in 2022[107]
  • Another US$1.7 billion LNG Terminal to power Luzon to be built by South Korea's SK E&S with signed MOU with he Korean Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy and the Philippines Department of Energy signed during the visit of the Philippine President Rodrigo Roa Duterte in South Korea[108]

Russia[edit]

Kaliningrad LNG Terminal[109]

South Korea[edit]

North East Asia LNG Hub Terminal[110]

Thailand[edit]

Ukraine[edit]

  • Proposed terminal near Odessa, on 26 November 2012 the Ukrainian government and Unión Fenosa (were believed to have) signed an agreement on its building but Unión Fenosa denies this and it claimed on 28 November 2012 "nor are we leading any consortium to develop such a terminal ... nor are we studying anything along these lines".[111][112] The terminal was due to start working at a capacity of 5 billion cubic meters a year by 2016.[113]

United States and Gulf of Mexico[edit]

Proposed LNG Terminals:[114]

See also[edit]

11.http://www.lngglobal.com/latest/sabine-pass-progress-report-train-2-first-cargo-mid-august-2016.html

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