List of Latin-script pentagraphs

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In the Latin script, pentagraphs are found primarily in Irish orthography. There is one archaic pentagraph in German orthography, which is found in the English word Nietzschean.

Irish[edit]

Used between a velarized ("broad") and a palatalized ("slender") consonant:

To write the sound /əu̯/ (in Donegal, /oː/):

abhai⟩, ⟨amhai⟩, ⟨obhai⟩, ⟨odhai⟩, and ⟨oghai

To write the sound /əi̯/ (in Donegal, /eː/):

adhai⟩, ⟨aghai

To write the sound /əi̯/:

oidhi⟩ and ⟨oighi

To write the sound /oː/:

omhai

Used between a slender and a broad consonant:

To write the sound /əu̯/ (in Donegal, /oː/):

eabha⟩ and ⟨eamha

To write the sound /əi̯/ (in Donegal, /eː/):

eadha

Used between two slender consonants:

To write the sound /əi̯/: ⟨eidhi⟩ and ⟨eighi

Dutch[edit]

sjtsj⟩ is used as the transcription of the Cyrillic letter Щ, representing the consonant /ɕː/ in Russian, for example in the name Chroesjtsjov.

French[edit]

chtch⟩ is used as the transcription of the Cyrillic letter Щ, representing the consonant /ɕː/ in Russian, for example in the name Khrouchtchev.

German[edit]

tzsch⟩ was once used in German to write the sound /tʃ/. It has largely been replaced by the tetragraph ⟨tsch⟩, but is still found in proper names such as Nietzsche.