List of Latin American Nobel laureates

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The Nobel Prize is an annual, international prize first awarded in 1901 for achievements in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, and Peace. An associated prize in Economics has been awarded since 1969.[1] Nobel Prizes have been awarded to over 800 individuals.[2]

Latin Americans have been the recipients in five of six award categories: Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, and Peace. The first Latin American to receive the prize was Carlos Saavedra Lamas in 1936. The most recent recipient Juan Manuel Santos was awarded the Peace prize in October 2016.

Two Latin American laureates — Óscar Arias Sánchez and Juan Manuel Santos — were president of their country (Costa Rica and Colombia respectively) when they were awarded the prize.

Chemistry[edit]

Two Latin Americans have been given the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.

Year Image Laureate Country Comment
1970 Luis Federico Leloir - young.jpg Luis F. Leloir  Argentina [3] First Hispanic to win a Nobel Prize in Chemistry
1995 Mario Molina 1c389 8387.jpg Mario J. Molina  Mexico

Literature[edit]

Six Latin Americans have been given the Nobel Prize in Literature.

Year Image Laureate Country Comment
1945 Gabriela Mistral-01 cropped.jpg Gabriela Mistral  Chile First Latin American to win a Nobel Prize in literature
1967 MiguelAngelAsturias.JPG Miguel Ángel Asturias  Guatemala
1971 Pablo Neruda.jpg Pablo Neruda  Chile
1982 Gabriel Garcia Marquez.jpg Gabriel García Márquez  Colombia
1990 Paz0.jpg Octavio Paz  Mexico
2010 Vargas Llosa Madrid 2012.jpg Mario Vargas Llosa  Peru/ Spain

Peace[edit]

Six Latin Americans have been given the Nobel Peace Prize.

Year Image Laureate Country Comment
1936 Carlos Saavedra Lamas.jpg Carlos Saavedra Lamas  Argentina First Latin American to win a Nobel Prize, first Hispanic to win a Nobel Peace Prize
1980 Adolfo Pérez Esquivel agosto 2011.jpg Adolfo Pérez Esquivel  Argentina [4]
1982 Alfonso Garcia Robles 1981.jpg Alfonso García Robles  Mexico
1987 OscarArias.jpg Óscar Arias Sánchez  Costa Rica
1992 Rigoberta Menchu Tum.JPG Rigoberta Menchú  Guatemala
2016 Juan Manuel Santos in 2018.jpg Juan Manuel Santos  Colombia

Physics[edit]

One Latin American has been given the Nobel Prize in Physics.

Year Image Laureate Country Comment
1968 Luis Walter Alvarez 1961.jpg Luis Walter Alvarez  United States First Hispanic to win a Nobel Prize in Physics[5]

Physiology or Medicine[edit]

Three Latin Americans have been given the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.

Year Image Laureate Country Comment
1949 Bernado Houssay.JPG Bernardo Houssay  Argentina [6] First Latin American to win a Nobel Prize in science
1980 Baruj Benacerraf 1969.jpg Baruj Benacerraf  Venezuela/ United States[7] [7]
1984 Milstein lnp.jpg César Milstein  Argentina [8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Nobel Prize" (2007), in Encyclopædia Britannica, accessed 14 November 2007, from Encyclopædia Britannica Online:

    An additional award, the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel, was established in 1968 by the Bank of Sweden and was first awarded in 1969

  2. ^ "All Nobel Laureates". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2010-03-01.
  3. ^ "Biography of Luis Leloir". Nobelprize.org. Retrieved 7 June 2010.
  4. ^ "Adofo Pérez Esquivel". Nobel Prize Committee.
  5. ^ Fernandez, R. M. (September 2011). "A Finding Aid to the Mabel Alvarez Papers, 1898–1987, in the Archives of American Art". Archives of American Art. Retrieved June 15, 2011.
  6. ^ Young, F.; Foglia, V. G. (1974). "Bernardo Alberto Houssay 1887–1971". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 20: 246. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1974.0011.
  7. ^ a b http://www.eluniversal.com/2011/08/02/muere-el-premio-nobel-de-medicina-baruj-benacerraf.shtml
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-02-27. Retrieved 2015-12-09.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)