List of Latin American countries by Human Development Index

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The following tables covers the list of Latin American and Caribbean countries by Human Development Index as released by the United Nations Development Program's Human Development Report. The Human Development Index (HDI) is a comparative measure of life expectancy, literacy, education and standards of living for regions worldwide.

Countries fall into four broad categories based on their HDI: very high (for developed countries), high and medium (for developing countries) and low (for least developing countries).

Human Development Index[edit]

The table below presents the latest Human Development Index (HDI) for countries in Latin America and the Caribbean as included in a United Nations Development Programme's Human Development Report (released in 2019).[1] Previous HDI values and rankings are retroactively recalculated using the same updated data sets and current methodologies, as presented in Table 2 of the Statistical Annex of the Human Development Report. The HDI rankings and values in the 2019 Human Development Report cannot therefore be compared directly to HDI rankings and values published in previous Human Development Reports.

+List of Latin American & Caribbean Countries by Human Development Index
Rank Country Human Development Index (HDI)
In Region World HDI Value Change in HDI value 2017–18*
2018 2017
Very High Human Development
1 42  Chile 0.847 0.845 Increase 0.002
2 48  Argentina 0.830 0.832 Decrease 0.002
3 57  Uruguay 0.808 0.807 Increase 0.001
High Human Development
4 67  Panama 0.795 0.793 Increase 0.002
5 68  Costa Rica 0.794 0.792 Increase 0.002
6 73  Cuba 0.778 0.777 Increase 0.001
7 76  Mexico 0.767 0.765 Increase 0.002
8 79  Brazil 0.761 0.760 Increase 0.001
9 79  Colombia 0.761 0.760 Increase 0.001
10 82  Peru 0.759 0.756 Increase 0.003
11 85  Ecuador 0.758 0.757 Increase 0.001
12 89  Dominican Republic 0.745 0.741 Increase 0.004
13 96  Venezuela 0.726 0.735 Decrease 0.009
14 98  Paraguay 0.724 0.722 Increase 0.002
15 103  Belize 0.720 0.719 Increase 0.001
16 114  Bolivia 0.703 0.700 Increase 0.003
Medium Human Development
17 124  El Salvador 0.667 0.665 Increase 0.002
18 126  Guatemala 0.651 0.649 Increase 0.002
19 126  Nicaragua 0.651 0.653 Decrease 0.002
20 132  Honduras 0.623 0.621 Increase 0.002
Low Human Development
21 169  Haiti 0.503 0.501 Increase 0.002
*Change in HDI value rounded to three decimals

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2019. Retrieved 9 December 2019.