List of Latin American countries by Human Development Index

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The following tables covers the list of Latin American countries by Human Development Index as released by the United Nations Development Program's Human Development Report. The Human Development Index (HDI) is a comparative measure of life expectancy, literacy, education and standards of living for regions worldwide.

Countries fall into four broad categories based on their HDI: very high (for developed countries), high and medium (for developing countries) and low (for least developing countries).

Human Development Index[edit]

2016 report[edit]

Human Development Index

The 2016 report by UNDP was released on March 2017, and calculates HDIs based on estimates for 2015.

Very High Human Development
Rank Country HDI World rank
1  Chile 0.847 Increase 0.011 38
2  Argentina 0.827 Decrease 0.009 45
High Human Development
Rank Country HDI World rank
3  Uruguay 0.795 Increase 0.002 54
4  Panama 0.788 Increase 0.008 60
5  Costa Rica 0.776 Increase 0.010 66
6  Cuba 0.775 Increase 0.006 68
7  Venezuela 0.767 Increase 0.005 71
8  Mexico 0.762 Increase 0.006 77
9  Brazil 0.754 Decrease 0.001 79
10  Peru 0.740 Increase 0.006 87
11  Ecuador 0.739 Increase 0.007 89
12  Colombia 0.727 Increase 0.007 95
13  Dominican Republic 0.722 Increase 0.007 99
Medium Human Development
Rank Country HDI World rank
14  Paraguay 0.693 Increase 0.014 110
15  El Salvador 0.680 Increase 0.014 117
16  Bolivia 0.674 Increase 0.012 118
17  Nicaragua 0.645 Increase 0.014 124
18  Guatemala 0.640 Increase 0.013 125
19  Honduras 0.625 Increase 0.019 131
Low Human Development
20  Haiti 0.493 Increase 0.010 163

Past reports[edit]

2014[edit]

  1.  Chile 0.822 (41)
  2.  Cuba 0.815 (45)
  3.  Argentina 0.808 (49)
  4.  Uruguay 0.790 (51)
  5.  Panama 0.765 (66)
  6.  Venezuela 0.764 (67)
  7.  Costa Rica 0.763 (68)
  8.  Mexico 0.756 (71)
  9.  Brazil 0.744 (73)
  10.  Peru 0.737 (82)
  11.  Colombia 0.711 (98)
  12.  Ecuador 0.711 (98)
  13.  Dominican Republic 0.702 (102)
  14.  Paraguay 0.676 (111)
  15.  Bolivia 0.667 (113)
  16.  El Salvador 0.662 (115)
  17.  Guatemala 0.628 (125)
  18.  Honduras 0.617 (129)
  19.  Nicaragua 0.614 (132)
  20.  Haiti 0.471 (168)

2010[edit]

The 2010 report by UNDP was released on March 14, 2013. Position in the world rank appears in parenthesis.

  1.  Chile 0.819 (40)
  2.  Argentina 0.811 (45)
  3.  Uruguay 0.794 (51)
  4.  Cuba 0.780 (59)
  5.  Panama 0.780 (60)
  6.  Mexico 0.775 (61)
  7.  Costa Rica 0.773 (62)
  8.  Venezuela 0.748 (71)
  9.  Peru 0.741 (77)
  10.  Brazil 0.730 (85)

2009[edit]

The 2009 report by UNDP was released on October 5, 2009, and covers the period up to 2007. It was titled "Overcoming barriers: Human mobility and development". Position in the world rank appears in parenthesis.

  1.  Chile 0.878 (44)
  2.  Argentina 0.866 (45)
  3.  Uruguay 0.865 (50)
  4.  Cuba 0.863 (51)
  5.  Mexico 0.854 (53)
  6.  Costa Rica 0.853 (54)
  7.  Venezuela 0.844 (58)
  8.  Panama 0.840 (60)
  9.  Brazil 0.813 (75)
  10.  Colombia 0.807 (77)
  11.  Peru 0.806 (76)
  12.  Ecuador 0.806 (80)
  13.  Dominican Republic 0.877 (90)
  14.  Paraguay 0.706 (101)
  15.  El Salvador 0.747 (106)
  16.  Honduras 0.732 (112)
  17.  Bolivia 0.729 (113)
  18.  Guatemala 0.704 (122)
  19.  Nicaragua 0.699 (124)
  20.  Haiti 0.532 (149)

Past top countries[edit]

The list below displays the top-ranked country from each year of the human development index

HDI Trends[edit]

Education index (2007)[edit]

Rank Country Education
Index
World
rank
Comparable country
(outside the region)
1  Cuba 0.876 5  Finland
2  Argentina 0.806 31  Montenegro
3  Venezuela 0.879 46  Tonga
4  Chile 0.919 48  Kyrgyzstan
5  Bolivia 0.892 64  Bahrain
6  Brazil 0.891 68  Serbia
7  Peru 0.891 69  Serbia
8  Panama 0.888 72  Thailand
9  Mexico 0.886 77  Seychelles

Income index (2012)[edit]

Rank Country Income
Index
World
rank
Comparable country
(outside the region)
1  Argentina 15,347 46  Croatia
2  Chile 14,987 47  Latvia
3  Panama 13,519 50  Uruguay
4  Uruguay 13,333 53  Panama
5  Mexico 12,947 55  Lebanon
5  Costa Rica 7,830 60  Belarus
8  Brazil 0.761 67  South Africa
9  Colombia 0.743 69  Macedonia
10  Peru 0.728 72  Azerbaijan

Life expectancy index (2007)[edit]

Rank Country Life
Expectancy
Index
World
rank
Comparable country
(outside the region)
1  Costa Rica 0.937 34  Slovenia
2  Chile 0.935 35  Cuba
3  Cuba 0.935 36  Albania
4  Uruguay 0.902 43  Mexico
5  Mexico 0.901 44  Albania
6  Panama 0.888 51  Poland
7  Argentina 0.884 54  Grenada
8  Ecuador 0.880 58  Bosnia and Herzegovina
9  Venezuela 0.861 72  Serbia
10  Nicaragua 0.856 75  Thailand
Latin America 0.756
18  Guatemala 0.752 111  Azerbaijan
19  Bolivia 0.673 138  Sao Tome and Principe
20  Haiti 0.600 149  Benin

See also[edit]

References[edit]