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List of countries by Human Development Index

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World map indicating the categories of Human Development Index by country (based on 2015 and 2016 data, published on March 21, 2017).
  Very high (Developed)
  High (Developing)
  Medium (Developing)
  Low (Undeveloped)
  Data unavailable
World map indicating the Human Development Index (based on 2015 and 2016 data, published on March 21, 2017).
  0.900 and over
  0.349 and under
  Data unavailable

This is a list of all the countries by the Human Development Index as included in a United Nations Development Programme's Human Development Report. The latest report was released on 21 March 2017 and compiled on the basis of estimates for 2015.[1]

In the 2010 Human Development Report a further Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index (IHDI) was introduced. While the simple HDI remains useful, it stated that "the IHDI is the actual level of human development (accounting for inequality)" and "the HDI can be viewed as an index of “potential” human development (or the maximum IHDI that could be achieved if there were no inequality)".[2]


The Human Development Index (HDI) is a composite statistic of life expectancy, education, and income per capita indicators. A country scores higher HDI when the life expectancy at birth is longer, the education period is longer, and the income per capita is higher. It is used to distinguish whether the country is a developed, a developing or an underdeveloped country. The index was developed in 1990 by Pakistani economist Mahbub ul Haq[3][4] The UN report covers 185 member states of the United Nations (out of 193), along with Hong Kong and Palestine; 8 UN member states are not included because of lack of data. The average HDI of regions of the World and groups of countries are also included for comparison.

Countries fall into four broad human development categories: Very High Human Development, High Human Development, Medium Human Development and Low Human Development.

Because of the new methodology adopted since the 2010 Human Development Report, the new reported HDI figures appear lower than the HDI figures in previous reports.

From 2007 to 2010, the first category was referred to as developed countries, and the last three are all grouped in developing countries. The original "high human development" category has been split into two as above in the report for 2007.

Some older groupings (high/medium/low income countries) that were based on the gross domestic product (GDP) in purchasing power parity (PPP) per capita have been replaced by another index based on the gross national income (GNI) in purchasing power parity per capita.

The country with the largest decrease in HDI since 1998 is Zimbabwe, falling from 0.514 in 1998 by 0.140 to 0.374 in 2010. The country with the largest decrease since 2009 is Cape Verde, which decreased by 0.170.

The only year without a Human Development Report since 1990 was 2012. The latest report was launched on 21 March 2017.[1]

Complete list of countries

  • Increase = increase.
  • Steady = steady.
  • Decrease = decrease.

Very high human development

High human development

Medium human development

Low human development

List of countries by continent


America, North and the Caribbeans

America, South




List of countries by non-continental region

Arab League

Commonwealth of Nations

Council of Europe

East Asia and the Pacific

European Union

International Organisation of La Francophonie

Latin America

Middle East and North Africa

North Atlantic Treaty Organisation

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

Organisation of Islamic Cooperation

Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries

Western Europe

Eastern Europe and the Caucasus

HDI by regions and groups

Countries missing from latest report

See also


  1. ^ The UN does not calculate the HDI of Macau. The government of Macau calculates its own HDI.[10]
  2. ^ The UN does not recognize the Republic of China (Taiwan) as a sovereign state. The HDI report does not include Taiwan as part of the People's Republic of China when calculating China's figures (see [11]). Taiwan's government calculated its HDI to be 0.882, based on 2010 new methodology of UNDP.[12]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah "Human Development Report 2016 – "Human Development for Everyone"" (PDF). HDRO (Human Development Report Office) United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 22 March 2017. 
  2. ^ Human Development Report, The Real Wealth of Nations: Pathways to Human Development (2010) 87
  3. ^ "The Human Development concept". UNDP. 2010. Retrieved 29 July 2011. 
  4. ^ "History of the Human Development Report". United Nations Development Programme. Archived from the original on 3 April 2009. Retrieved 26 March 2009. 
  5. ^ "2011 Human Development Report". United Nations Development Programme. p. 151. Retrieved 2 November 2011. 
  6. ^ "The 2013 Human Development Report – "The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World"". HDRO (Human Development Report Office) United Nations Development Programme. pp. 144–147. Retrieved 2 March 2013. 
  7. ^ Cite error: The named reference UNDP2014 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad Filling Gaps in the Human Development Index, United Nations ESCAP, February 2009
  9. ^ "About Kosovo". UNDP. Retrieved 19 February 2017. 
  10. ^ Macau in Figures, 2016
  11. ^
  12. ^ "2011中華民國人類發展指數 (HDI)" (PDF) (in Chinese). Directorate General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics, Executive Yuan, R.O.C. 2011. Retrieved 2011-11-21. 
  13. ^ Fuentes-Ramírez, Ricardo R. (2014). "An Approximation of Puerto Rico's Human Development Index" (PDF). Caribbean Studies. 42 (1): 253–58. doi:10.1353/crb.2014.0010. Retrieved June 11, 2016. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Quel niveau de développement humain dans les outre-mer?, Agence Française de Developpment, 2012 (in French)

External links