List of Latin Americans

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of notable Latin American people, in alphabetical order within categories.


Artists and designers[edit]

See also List of Latin American artists.


Film directors[edit]

Leaders and politicians[edit]


  • Mexico Agustin I (1783–1824), independence leader, Emperor of Mexico
  • Argentina Pope Francis (born 1936), Sovereign of Vatican City State
  • Brazil Pedro I (1798–1834), independence leader, Emperor of Brazil
  • Brazil Pedro II (1825–1891), Emperor of Brazil

Imperial/royal consorts[edit]



Opera singers


Philosophers and humanists[edit]

Science and technology[edit]

  • Brazil Luís Cruls(1848–1908),astronomer and geodesist,Was co-discoverer of the Great Comet of 1882
  • Brazil Miguel Nicolelis(1961),pioneering work surrounding brain-computer interface
  • Brazil Manuel de Abreu (1894–1962), physician, scientist, inventor of abreugraphy(mass radiography of the lungs for screening tuberculosis)
  • Brazil Nélio José Nicolai (1940–2017),electrotechnician,the inventor caller ID
  • Brazil David Joseph Bohm (1917–1992),scientist who has been described as one of the most significant theoretical physicists of the 20th century and who contributed unorthodox ideas to quantum theory,neuropsychology and the philosophy of mind. Among his many contributions to physics is his causal and deterministic interpretation of quantum theory, now known as De Broglie–Bohm theory.
  • El Salvador United States Francisco Rubio (astronaut) (born 1975), NASA astronaut
  • Brazil Madeleine M. Joullié (born March 29 1927) Organic Chemist,She was the first woman to join the University of Pennsylvania chemistry faculty as well as the first female organic chemist to be appointed to a tenure track position in a major American university,Joullié has received numerous awards, including the 1978 Garvan Medal from the American Chemical Society, in recognition of her accomplishments in teaching and research
  • Brazil Marcelo Gleiser (born 1959),physicist and astronomer. He is currently Professor of Physics and Astronomy at Dartmouth College and was the 2019 recipient of the Templeton Prize.
  • Brazil Geraldo de Barros (1923-1998),painter and photographer,was known for his trailblazing work in experimental abstract photography and modernism
  • Puerto Rico Joseph M. Acaba (born 1967), NASA astronaut
  • Brazil Ana Bedran-Russo,Professor of Restorative Dentistry and Chair of the Department of General Dental Sciences in Restorative Dentistry at Marquette University School of Dentistry
  • Argentina Luis Agote (1868–1954), physician and researcher
  • Brazil Vital Brazil (1865–1950)was a physician, biomedical scientist and immunologist,known for the discovery of the polyvalent anti-ophidic serum used to treat bites of venomous snakes of the Crotalus, Bothrops and Elaps genera,He went on to be also the first to develop anti-scorpion and anti-spider serums.
  • Puerto Rico Ricardo Alegría (1921–2011), physical anthropologist
  • Brazil Leopoldo Penna Franca (1959-2012),mathematician, Received in 1999 the Gallagher Young Investigator Award for "outstanding accomplishments in computational mechanics, particularly in the published literature, by a researcher 40 years old or younger".He was listed as an ISI Highly Cited Author in Engineering by the ISI Web of Knowledge, Thomson Scientific Company.
  • Argentina José Antonio Balseiro (1919–1962), nuclear physicist
  • Brazil Andreas Pavel,is a cultural producer and media designer who is generally credited with patenting the personal stereo
  • Argentina Gregorio Baro (1928–2012), radiochemist
  • Brazil Roberto Salmeron (1922 –2020),electrical engineer and experimental nuclear physicist and an emeritus Research Director at the French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS),The largest fundamental science agency in Europe
  • Venezuela United States Baruj Benacerraf (1920–2011), immunologist, Nobel Prize Medicine
  • Brazil Roberto Landell de Moura (1861–1928),pioneer of telephony and radio
  • Mexico United States Martha E. Bernal (1931–2001), psychologist
  • Brazil Silvano Raia,Raia was the first surgeon to achieve a successful living donor liver transplantation in July 1989
  • Colombia Francisco José de Caldas (1768–1818), naturalist, mathematician, geographer and inventor
  • Brazil Warwick Estevam Kerr(1922–2018),agricultural engineer, geneticist, entomologist, professor and scientific leader, notable for his discoveries in the genetics and sex determination of bees
  • Argentina United States Fernando Caldeiro (born 1958), NASA astronaut
  • Brazil Rosaly Lopes (born 1957),is a planetary geologist,volcanologist,an author of numerous scientific papers and several books
  • Brazil Lia Medeiros,Astronomer,Participation notable in the black hole photo in 2019
  • Puerto Rico Víctor A. Carreño (1911–1967), NASA aerospace engineer
  • Brazil Fernando Brandão (born 1983),physicist and computer scientist,He was awarded the 2013 European Quantum Information Young Investigator Award for "his highly appraised achievements in entanglement theory, quantum complexity theory, and quantum many-body physics, which combine dazzling mathematical ability and impressive physical insight",He was awarded the 2020 American Physical Society Rolf Landauer and Charles H. Bennett award for his contributions to entanglement theory
  • Mexico Nabor Carrillo Flores (1911–1967), nuclear physicist
  • Brazil Carlos Chagas (1879–1934), physician and scientist
  • Costa Rica United States Franklin Chang Díaz (born 1950), NASA astronaut
  • Brazil Sérgio Pereira da Silva Porto (1926–1979),Was a pioneering physicist who became notable for his research in spectroscopy and for the use of laser radiation in medicine
  • Puerto Rico Nitza Margarita Cintrón (born 1950), NASA Chief of Space and Health Care Systems
  • Brazil Bartolomeu de Gusmão(1685–1724),Catholic priest,pioneer of aviation,the inventor of the balloon, became known as the "flying priest"
  • Peru Aracely Quispe Neira (born 1982), NASA senior astronautical engineer, professor, researcher
  • Venezuela Jacinto Convit (1913–2014), medical scientist, discoverer of vaccines
  • Brazil Oswaldo Cruz (1872–1917), physician, bacteriologist, epidemiologist
  • Argentina René Favaloro (1923–2000), cardiologist, created the technique for coronary bypass
  • Venezuela Humberto Fernández-Morán (1924–1999), medical research scientist
  • Brazil Carolina Araujo,Mathematician,She is included in a deck of playing cards featuring notable women mathematicians published by the Association of Women in Mathematics
  • Puerto Rico Orlando Figueroa (born 1955), NASA Director for Mars Exploration and for Solar System Division
  • Cuba Carlos Finlay (1833–1915), medical scientist, researcher
  • Brazil Hércules Florence (1804–1879),pioneer of photography
  • Colombia Julio Garavito Armero (1865–1920), astronomer
  • Mexico Guillermo González Camarena (1917–1965), inventor of an early color television system
  • Brazil Adelmar Faria Coimbra-Filho (1924–2016),biologist,primatologist, He is a pioneer in studies of and conservation of lion tamarins
  • Cuba Juan Gundlach (1810–1896), naturalist, taxonomist
  • Colombia Salomón Hakim (1922–2011), physician and scientist
  • Brazil Sérgio Henrique Ferreira (1934–2016), physician and pharmacologist,discovered the active principle of a drug for hypertension
  • Mexico Guillermo Haro (1913–1988), astrophysicist, specialist in observational astronomy
  • Argentina Bernardo Houssay (1887–1971), physiologist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • Brazil Johanna Döbereiner (born 1924),agronomist,a pioneer in soil biology
  • Mexico Miguel de Icaza (born 1972), free software programmer
  • Brazil Roberto Ierusalimschy (born 1960), computer scientist, known for creating the Lua programming language
  • Argentina Luis Federico Leloir (1906–1987), biochemist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry
  • Argentina Domingo Liotta (1924–2022), cardiologist, created first artificial heart
  • Brazil Adolfo Lutz (1855–1940),father of tropical medicine and a pioneer epidemiologist and researcher in infectious diseases
  • Chile Humberto Maturana (1928–2021), biologist, co-author of the theory of autopoiesis
  • Argentina César Milstein (1927–2002), biochemist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • Brazil Carlos Paz de Araújo,scientist and inventor, holds nearly 600 patents in the area of nanotechnology
  • Mexico Luis E. Miramontes (1925–2004), chemist, co-inventor of the oral contraceptive
  • Mexico Mario J. Molina (born 1943), chemist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry
  • Brazil Nise da Silveira (1905–1999), psychiatrist and mental health reformer
  • Honduras Salvador Moncada (born 1944), pharmacologist
  • Mexico Rodolfo Neri Vela (born 1952), Ph.D, NASA astronaut
  • Brazil José Goldemberg (born 1928),physicist,university educator, scientific leader and research scientist, He is a leading expert on energy and environment issues
  • Peru United States Carlos I. Noriega (born 1959), NASA astronaut
  • Puerto Rico Antonia Novello (born 1944), 14th Surgeon General of the United States
  • Brazil Álvaro Alvim (1863–1928) was a physician, pioneer in radiology and radiotherapy
  • Colombia Manuel Elkin Patarroyo (born 1947), pathologist, vaccines specialist
  • Dominican Republic Feniosky Peña-Mora (born 1966), engineer and educator
  • Brazil Newton da Costa (born 1929),mathematician, logician, and philosopher,recognised for his works in paraconsistent logic
  • Cuba Felipe Poey (1799–1891), zoologist, specialist in ichthyology
  • Brazil Francisco João de Azevedo (1814–1880),inventor,best known for his invention of Typewriter
  • Argentina Eduardo H. Rapoport (1927–2017), ecologist, biogeographer
  • Venezuela L. Rafael Reif (born 1950), engineer, president of MIT
  • Brazil Peter Wilhelm Lund (1801–1880) ,He was the first to describe dozens of species of pre-historic Pleistocene megafauna, including the fabled Saber-toothed cat Smilodon populator. He also made the then ground-breaking discovery that humans co-existed with the long-extinct animal species
  • Spain Mexico Andrés Manuel del Río (1764–1849), geologist, chemist
  • Brazil Maurício Rocha e Silva (1910–1983),physician and pharmacologist, discovered bradykinin, an active cardiovascular peptide
  • Puerto Rico United States Helen Rodríguez Trías (1929–2001), pediatrician, early advocate for women's reproductive rights
  • Brazil Artur Avila (born 1979) is a Brazilian mathematician,He is one of the winners of the 2014 Fields Medal,being the first Latin American and lusophone to win such an award.
  • Puerto Rico Wilfredo Santa-Gómez (born 1949), psychiatrist
  • Dominican Republic José Santana (economist) (born 1962), specialist in technology and development
  • Mexico United States Sarah Stewart (cancer researcher) (1905–1976), microbiologist, discovered Polyomavirus
  • BrazilHenrique da Rocha Lima (1879–1956), physician, pathologist and infectologist,discovered Rickettsia prowazekii, the pathogen of epidemic typhus
  • Cuba Arnaldo Tamayo Méndez (born 1942), USSR Space Program cosmonaut
  • Brazil Diltor Opromolla (1934-2004),Was a physician and dermatologist respected due to his lifetime work with leprosy patients and leprosy research,Among other things, he was the first to introduce rifamycin in the treatment of leprosy, in 1963
  • Chile Francisco Varela (1946–2001), biologist, co-author of the theory of autopoiesis
  • Brazil Oscar Sala (1922–2010),nuclear physicist and important scientific leader
  • Mexico United States Lydia Villa-Komaroff (born 1947), biologist, early Mexican American PhD in the sciences
  • Brazil Hilário de Gouvêa (1843-1929),ophthalmologist,noted for being the first person to document a case of hereditary cancer,The cause of the recessive familial retinoblastoma he described was later further investigated and resulted in the first reported example of a tumor suppressor gene, RB.
  • Chile Klaus von Storch (born 1962), aerospace engineer
  • Brazil Alberto Santos-Dumont (1873–1932),aviation inventor
  • Brazil Marcos Pontes (born 1963), first AEB/NASA astronaut
  • Brazil César Lattes (1924–2005), experimental physicist,one of the discoverers of the pion, a composite subatomic particle made of a quark and an antiquark

Social scientists[edit]


Athletics to Cycling[edit]

  • Brazil Lourival Mendes França (died 2012),world champion in draughts-64,(1993),International grandmaster (GMI) in draughts-64, International master (MI) in International draughts

Football to Volleyball[edit]

Football (soccer)
Horse racing
Motor sports
  • Brazil Bob Burnquist (born 1976),better known as Bob is the most medalist in X Games history,with a total of 30 medals
  • Brazil Letícia Bufoni (Born 1993 ),considered one of the greatest names in the history of the sport


See also List of Latin American writers (by country).




Lists by nationality[edit]

See also[edit]