List of Latin and Greek words commonly used in systematic names

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A sign for Crassula rupestris at the University of Helsinki Botanical Garden. The roots for the binomial name are crassus (thick, fat) and rupestris (living on cliffs or rocks)

This list of Latin and Greek words commonly used in systematic names is intended to help those unfamiliar with classical languages to understand and remember the scientific names of organisms. The binomial nomenclature used for animals and plants is largely derived from Latin and Greek words, as are some of the names used for higher taxa, such as orders and above. At the time when biologist Carl Linnaeus (1707–1778) published the books that are now accepted as the starting point of binomial nomenclature, Latin was used in Western Europe as the common language of science, and scientific names were in Latin or Greek: Linnaeus continued this practice.

While learning Latin is now less common, it is still used by classical scholars, and for certain purposes in botany, medicine and the Roman Catholic Church, and it can still be found in scientific names. It is helpful to be able to understand the source of scientific names. Although the Latin names do not always correspond to the current English common names, they are often related, and if their meanings are understood, they are easier to recall. The binomial name often reflects limited knowledge or hearsay about a species at the time it was named. For instance Pan troglodytes, the chimpanzee, and Troglodytes troglodytes, the wren, are not necessarily cave-dwellers.

Sometimes a genus name or specific descriptor is simply the Latin or Greek name for the animal (e.g. Canis is Latin for dog). These words may not be included in the table below if they only occur for one or two taxa. Instead, the words listed below are the common adjectives and other modifiers that repeatedly occur in the scientific names of many organisms (in more than one genus).

Adjectives vary according to gender, and in most cases only the lemma form (nominative singular masculine form) is listed here. 1st-and-2nd-declension adjectives end in -us (masculine), -a (feminine) and -um (neuter), whereas 3rd-declension adjectives ending in -is (masculine and feminine) change to -e (neuter). For example, verus is listed without the variants for Aloe vera or Galium verum.

The second part of a binomial is often a person's name in the genitive case, ending -i (masculine) or -ae (feminine), such as Kaempfer's tody-tyrant, Hemitriccus kaempferi. The name may be converted into a Latinised form first, giving -ii and -iae instead.

Words that are very similar to their English forms have been omitted.

Some of the Greek transliterations given are Ancient Greek, and others are Modern Greek.

In the tables, L = Latin, G = Greek, and LG = similar in both languages.


Latin/Greek Language English Example Search for titles containing the word or using the prefix:
acanthus etc. G ἄκανθος (ákanthos) thorny, spiny Acanthus plant; Parorchis acanthus, a flatworm
Munida acantha, a squat lobster; prickly ceratina, Ceratina acantha
spiny dogfish, Squalus acanthias; Reinhardt's snake-eater, Polemon acanthias
cotton thistle, Onopordum acanthium
acaulis G, L stemless silver thistle, Carlina acaulis;

dwarf date palm, Phoenix acaulis

actin-, actino- G ἀκτίς (aktis) ray, radial Schefflera actinophylla, Actinopterygii actinactino
acutus L sharpened, pointed American crocodile, Crocodylus acutus;

angled sunbeam (butterfly), Curetis acuta; northern pintail, Anas acuta

aculeatus L prickly short-beaked echidna, Tachyglossus aculeatus;

three-spined stickleback, Gasterosteus aculeatus; butcher's-broom, Ruscus aculeatus

acuminatus L sharp, pointed, tapering Jamaican gooseberry tree, Phyllanthus acuminatus; Panaeolus acuminatus, a mushroom
cucumbertree, Magnolia acuminata; Musa acuminata, a banana tree
acuminate barrenwort, Epimedium acuminatum; desert quandong, Santalum acuminatum
adustus L singed, burnt side-striped jackal, Canis adustus;
dark onyx cowry, Erronea adusta
aequalis L equal common Atlantic grenadier, Nezumia aequalis; clay-coloured billbug, Sphenophorus aequalis
Trogoxylon aequale, a beetle; Omophron aequale, a ground beetle
aestivus L summer summer asphodel, Asphodelus aestivus; rough green snake, Opheodrys aestivus
turquoise-fronted amazon, Amazona aestiva; summer spider orchid, Caladenia aestiva
Loddon lily, Leucojum aestivum; common wheat, Triticum aestivum
affinis L neighbouring, similar, kindred lesser scaup, Aythya affinis; dugite, Pseudonaja affinis
blue tongue, Melastoma affine; Persian violet, Exacum affine
africanus L African reed cormorant, Microcarbo africanus;
southern African frilled shark, Chlamydoselachus africana;

African clubhook-squid, Notonykia africanae;
pyjama shark, Poroderma africanum;
lemon basil, Ocimum × africanum

africanusafricana, africanaeafricanum
agrestis L of the field, wild field vole, Microtus agrestis;

green field-speedwell, Veronica agrestis

alatus L āla winged pitcher plant, Nepenthes alata;

sharpwing monkeyflower, Mimulus alatus; winged elm, Ulmus alata; winged everlasting, Ammobium alatum; winged loosestrife, Lythrum alatum; winged seahorse, Hippocampus alatus; winged-stem passion flower, Passiflora alata

albiceps L white-headed blow fly, Chrysomya albiceps;

moth, Syngamia albiceps; wood groundling, Parachronistis albiceps;

Mexican golden red rump tarantula, Brachypelma albiceps

albidens L white-toothed white-toothed brush mouse, Coccymys albidens;
see also leucodon
albopictus L painted white Asian tiger mosquito, Aedes albopictus;
Moneilema albopictum
albus L white white ibis, Eudocimus albus;
white oak, Quercus alba;
mistletoe, Viscum album
alpinus L alpine; of the Alps alpine aster, Aster alpinus;
alpine bearberry, Arctostaphylos alpina;
alpine feverfew, Parthenium alpinum
amabilis L lovable lovable lily, Lilium amabile;
lovely cotinga, Cotinga amabilis;
lovely fairywren, Malurus amabilis;
lovely fir, Abies amabilis
ambiguus L uncertain beautiful woolly sunflower, Eriophyllum ambiguum;
doubtful cone, Conus ambiguus;
questionable Stropharia, Stropharia ambigua;
tick bush, Kunzea ambigua
amblys G ἀμβλύς (amblús) blunt, dull marine iguana, Amblyrhynchus cristatus amblysAll pages with titles beginning with Ambly
americanus L American American black bear, Ursus americanus;
American hazel nut, Corylus americana;
American mastodon, Mammut americanum
amphi- G ἀμφί (amphí) of all kinds, on all sides amphibian; Amphipoda All pages with titles beginning with Amphi
ampulla L bottle, flask northern bottlenose whale, Hyperoodon ampullatus ampullatusampullataampullatumAll pages with titles beginning with Ampulla
amurensis L from the Amur River Amur grape, Vitis amurensis amurensisamurense
anglicus L from England Common cordgrass, Sporobolus anglicus; Bibio anglicus, a fly; English sundew, Drosera anglica; English whitebeam, Sorbus anglica; English stonecrop, Sedum anglicum anglicusanglicaanglicum
angolensis L from Angola African teak, Pterocarpus angolensis angolensisangolense
angustiflorus L narrow-flowered Eastwood's bellflower, Campanula angustiflora;

narrowflower lupine, Lupinus angustiflorus

angustifolius L narrow-leaved narrowleaf cottongrass, Eriophorum angustifolium;

narrowleaf cottonwood, Populus angustifolia; narrowleaf sunflower, Helianthus angustifolius

angustus L narrow narrow-banded widow, Dingana angusta;
narrowleaf pansy monkeyflower, Mimulus angustatus;
slimleaf bean, Phaseolus angustissimus;
Prairie acacia, Acaciella angustissima;

sea snail, Vexillum angustissimum

antarcticus L of the southern hemisphere chinstrap penguin, Pygoscelis antarcticus;

gummy shark, Mustelus antarcticus;
brown skua, Stercorarius antarcticus

anthos G ἄνθος (ánthos) flower anthozoans, Anthozoa;

golden wattle, Acacia pycnantha;

All pages with titles beginning with Antho
anthropo- G ἄνθρωπος (ánthrōpos) man, human being Paranthropus All pages with titles beginning with Anthropo
apis L bee western honey bee, Apis mellifera;

white sage, Salvia apiana

apianusapianaapianumAll pages with titles beginning with Api
aquaticus L found near water eastern mole, Scalopus aquaticus;
wild rice, Zizania aquatica;

water spinach, Ipomoea aquatica;
parrot's-feather, Myriophyllum aquaticum,

arborescens L tree-like or shrub-like Artemisia arborescens;

Aloe arborescens; Hydrangea arborescens

archaeo- G ἀρχαῖος (arkhaîos) ancient Archaeopteryx All pages with titles beginning with ArchaeoAll pages with titles beginning with Archeo
arch-, archi-, archo-, -archus G ἀρχός (arkhos) ruler, leader, prince, highest, greatest Archidendron grandiflorum archiarcho


arctos G ἄρκτος (árktos) bear grizzly bear, Ursus arctos horribilis;

common bearberry, Arctostaphylos

arctosAll pages with titles beginning with Arcto
arena L sand sand iris, Iris arenaria;
sand rock-cress, Arabidopsis arenosa;
sand seatrout, Cynoscion arenarius;
sand-dusted cone, Conus arenatus
arenicolus L sand-dwelling dunes sagebrush lizard, Sceloporus arenicolus;
sand goldenrod, Solidago arenicola;
sanddwelling dewberry, Rubus arenicola;
sandy stargazer, Gillellus arenicola
argentatus L silvery European herring gull, Larus argentatus argentatusargentataargentatum
argenteus L silvery silver buffaloberry, Shepherdia argentea;
silver tree, Leucadendron argenteum;

silvery lupine, Lupinus argenteus; white mulberry, Pipturus argenteus

argentum L silver sea snail, Calliostoma argentum argentum
argillicola L living on clay clay Fiddler Crab, Minuca argillicola; Hullsia argillicola argillicola
aromatica G ἄρωμα (árōma) aromatic clove nutmeg, Ravensara aromatica;
Croton aromaticus;
clove, Syzygium aromaticum
arthro- G ἄρθρον (árthron) joint Arthropoda All pages with titles beginning with Arthro
arvensis L in the field skylark, Alauda arvensis;
field horsetail, Equisetum arvense
asiatica L Asian white-winged dove, Zenaida asiatica;
Caspian plover, Charadrius asiaticus, Persian buttercup, Ranunculus asiaticus
astro-, astero- G ἄστρον (ástron) star starfish (class), Asteroidea All pages with titles beginning with AsteroAll pages with titles beginning with Astro
ater L dull black common chuckwalla, Sauromalus ater;
Eurasian coot, Fulica atra;
black swan, Cygnus atratus;
black yarrow, Achillea atrata;
creek chub, Semotilus atromaculatus
see also niger
atropurpureus L deep purple, blackish-purple Acer palmatum 'Atropurpureum'; Berberis thunbergii f. atropurpurea;
purple-flowered cotoneaster, Cotoneaster atropurpureus
aurantius, aurantiacus L orange-colored bitter orange, Citrus aurantium aurantiusaurantiaaurantium; aurantiacusaurantiacaaurantiacum
aureus L golden golden jackal, Canis aureus;
Staphylococcus aureus (bacteria)
see also chrysos
auritus L having (large) ears brown long-eared bat, Plecotus auritus; double-crested cormorant, Phalacrocorax auritus; long-eared hedgehog, Hemiechinus auritus
moon jellyfish, Aurelia aurita
yerba santa, Piper auritum; blue eared pheasant, Crossoptilon auritum
australis L southern southern right whale, Eubalaena australis australisaustrale


Latin/Greek Language English Examples Search for titles containing the word or using the prefix:
baccatus L berry-bearing common yew, Taxus baccata; Conus baccatus, a sea snail baccatusbaccatabaccatum
barbatus L barba bearded bearded catasetum, Catasetum barbatum; bearded seal, Erignathus barbatus; black-chinned siskin, Spinus barbata; Bornean bearded pig, Sus barbatus; golden-beard penstemon, Penstemon barbatus barbatusbarbatabarbatum
bicolor L two-colored bicolor angelfish, Centropyge bicolor; bicolor cleanerfish, Labroides bicolor; bicolored moth, Manulea bicolor bicolor
bicoloratus L two-colored bicolored angle, Macaria bicolorata; Kenya two-headed snake, Micrelaps bicoloratus; orchid, Bulbophyllum bicoloratum bicoloratusbicoloratabicoloratum
bicornis L two-horned black rhinoceros, Diceros bicornis bicornis
bios G βίος (bíos) life amphibian; biota, all living things bios
blandus L pleasant, smooth, alluring Greek windflower, Anemone blanda; Mallos blandus, a spider blandusblandablandum
borealis L northern northern right whale dolphin, Lissodelphis borealis
sei whale, Balaenoptera borealis
northern bedstraw, Galium boreale
brachion G βραχίων (brakhíōn) arm Przewalski's gerbil, Brachiones przewalskii; Brachiopoda (phylum); Brachiosaurus All pages with titles beginning with Brachio
brasiliensis L Brazilian Brazilian brown bat Eptesicus brasiliensis All pages with titles containing Brasiliensis
brachy- G βραχύς (brakhús) short Brazilian gold frog, Brachycephalus didactylus All pages with titles beginning with Brachy
brachyphyllus G short-leaved extinct plant genus, Brachyphyllum;
flower, Colchicum brachyphyllum;
leaf-nosed bats, Brachyphylla;
shortleaf baccharis, Baccharis brachyphylla;
see also brevifolius
brady- G βραδύς (bradús) slow pygmy three-toed sloth, Bradypus pygmaeus All pages with titles beginning with Brady
branchia G βράγχιον (bránkhion) gills Lamellibranchia (class, syn. Bivalva); Branchiopoda (class, brine shrimps) All pages with titles beginning with Branchi
brasiliensis L from Brazil Brazilian marsh rat, Holochilus brasiliensis; Brazilian stick mantis, Brunneria brasiliensis; rubber tree, Hevea brasiliensis brasiliensisbrasiliense
brevi- L brevis short silvery-cheeked hornbill, Ceratogymna brevis brevisbreveAll pages with titles beginning with Brevi
brevicaudatus L short-tailed bearded leaf chameleon, Rieppeleon brevicaudatus; sea snail, Lophiotoma brevicaudata; short-tailed ceratosoma, Ceratosoma brevicaudatum brevicaudatusbrevicaudatabrevicaudatum
brevicollis L short-necked short-necked oil beetle, Meloe brevicollis brevicollisbrevicolle
brevifolius L short-leaved Joshua tree, Yucca brevifolia;
short-leaved dudleya, Dudleya blochmaniae subsp. brevifolia;
shortleaf sneezeweed, Helenium brevifolium;
zig-zag bog-rush, Schoenus brevifolius;
see also brachyphyllus
brevirostris L short beak pignosed arrowtooth eel, Dysomma brevirostre;
shortnose ponyfish, Leiognathus brevirostris
britannicus L from Great Britain Rumex britannica, a knotweed; British yellowhead, Inula britannica; Cortinarius britannicus, a mushroom; Geastrum britannicum, an earthstar fungus britannicusbritannicabritannicum
bulbus G βολβός bulb bulbous buttercup, Ranunculus bulbosus;
onion cone, Conus bulbus


Latin/Greek Language English Examples Search for titles containing the word or using the prefix:
caecus L blind blind mole, Talpa caeca; northern eyed hawkmoth, Smerinthus caecus caecuscaecacaecum
caeruleus L blue Eurasian blue tit, Cyanistes caeruleus; blue passion flower, Passiflora caerulea caeruleuscaeruleacaeruleum
californicus L California California blue dorid, Felimare californiensis californicuscalifornicacaliforniensis
callosus L calloused large vesper mouse, Calomys callosus; tree fern, Cyathea callosa; orchid, Paphiopedilum callosum callosuscallosacallosum
calvus L bald Altolamprologus calvus, Isbrueckerichthys calvus, both fish
Banasa calva, a stink bug; Trichocorixa calva, a water boatman
Intrasporangium calvum, a bacterium; Bulbophyllum calvum, an orchid
calvus- calvacalvum
cambricus L, from Cambria from Wales wild cotoneaster, Cotoneaster cambricus; Alalcomenaeus cambricus, fossil arthropod
Welsh wave, Venusia cambrica; Welsh eyebright, Euphrasia cambrica
Welsh poppy, Papaver cambricum; limestone polypody, Polypodium cambricum
Welsh groundsel, Senecio cambrensis; Flexicalymene cambrensis, a fossil trilobite
canadensis L from Canada bighorn sheep, Ovis canadensis canadensiscanadense
candidus L brightly white, shining white Madonna lily, Lilium candidum candiduscandidacandidum
canescens L turning grey- or white-haired Geraea canescens (desert sunflower); Atriplex canescens canescens
canis L dog coyote, Canis latrans; Dipylidium caninum (a tapeworm) caniscaninuscaninacaninum
canorus L canōrus melodious common cuckoo, Cuculus canorus; Chinese hwamei, Garrulax canorus
Cuban grassquit, Phonipara canora; Campylocheta canora, a tachinid fly
canus L gray (haired), pale gray grey-headed woodpecker, Picus canus; woolly groundsel, Senecio canus canuscanacanum
caprae L of a goat Staphylococcus caprae capraecapri
castaneus L chestnut(-colored) chestnut bolete, Gyroporus castaneus; reddish carpenter ant, Camponotus castaneus
chestnut, Castanea; chestnut short-tailed bat, Carollia castanea
chestnut leek orchid, Prasophyllum castaneum; red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum
cauda L tail long-tailed tit, Aegithalos caudatus; thintail skate, Dipturus leptocaudus; northern short-tailed shrew, Blarina brevicauda
caulos G καυλός (kaulós) stem, stalk stemless gentian, Gentiana acaulis acaulisacaule
cephalo- G κεφαλή (kephalḗ) head Mediterranean gull, Larus melanocephalus; blue-spotted grouper, Cephalopholis argus All pages with titles beginning with Cephal
-ceps L caput head pygmy sperm whale, Kogia breviceps; biceps (two-headed muscle)
ceros L cornū G κέρας (kéras) horn narwal, Monodon monoceros; rhinoceros (nose horn)
cest L cestus G κεστός (kestós) girdle, belt, stitched Cestoda All pages with titles beginning with Cest
chaetes G χαίτη (khaítē) flowing hair, or mane wildebeest, Connochaetes gnou
chilensis L from Chile paradise tanager, Tangara chilensis chilensischilense
chinensis L from China China rose, Rosa chinensis;
Chinese onion, Allium chinense;
Chinese sumac, Rhus chinensis;
see also Sinense, below
chloro- G χλωρός (khlōrós) pale green common moorhen, Gallinula chloropus All pages with titles beginning with Chloro
chordatus L spined chordates; Stylephorus chordatus, Tinospora cordifolia chordatuschordatachordatum
chroma G χρῶμα (khrôma) color clown loach, Chromobotia macracanthus All pages with titles beginning with Chrom
chrysos G χρυσός (khrusós) gold Chrysochloridae (golden moles);
golden pheasant, Chrysolophus pictus;
maned wolf, Chrysocyon brachyurus
see also aureus
All pages with titles beginning with Chryso
chrysophyllus G gold-leaved golden chinquapin, Chrysolepis chrysophylla;
golden-leaved Jerusalem sage, Phlomis chrysophylla;
satinleaf, Chrysophyllum oliviforme
cilium L eyelash Ashland thistle, Cirsium ciliolatum;
bristleworm, Polydora ciliata;
eyelash gecko, Correlophus ciliatus;
queen angelfish, Holacanthus ciliaris;
Australian red cedar, Toona ciliata;
sickle-leaved cymodocea, Thalassodendron ciliatum
cinereus L ash, ash-colored masked shrew, Sorex cinereus;
Australian sea lion, Neophoca cinerea;
gray thrasher, Toxostoma cinereum;
common gray fox, Urocyon cinereoargenteus
cirrhus G κιρρός (kirrhós) orange fringe-lipped bat, Trachops cirrhosus;
mrigal carp, Cirrhinus cirrhosus;
silverspotted sculpin, Blepsias cirrhosus
citri L citrus the citrus blossom moth, Prays citri citri
colchicus L from Colchis (Greek Κολχῐ́ς, Kolchís) or Georgia common pheasant, Phasianus colchicus; Phoxinus colchicus, a minnow
Caucasian bladdernut, Staphylea colchica; Colchic holly, Ilex colchica
Colchic nase, Chondrostoma colchicum; Cyclamen colchicum, a primrose
cneme G κνήμη (knḗmē) shin, leg white-legged damselfly, Platycnemis pennipes
-cola L -cola inhabitant Eurasian woodcock, Scolopax rusticola; paddyfield warbler, Acrocephalus agricola
The forms -colus and -colum are also found, although they are not considered to be correct Latin: deepwater grenadier, Coryphaenoides profundicolus; black-sided flowerpecker, Dicaeum monticolum.[1]
clathratus L grated, latticed kelp bass, Paralabrax clathratus; clathrate nassa, Nassarius clathratus
slender-armed starfish, Luidia clathrata; latticed sandperch, Parapercis clathrata
Allium clathratum, an onion; Vexillum clathratum, a sea snail
collaris L collared ring-necked duck, Aythya collaris; collared pika, Ochotona collaris
collared carpetshark, Parascyllium collare; mottled sand grasshopper, Spharagemon collare
communis L common common juniper, Juniperus communis; common myrtle, Myrtus communis
star jelly, Nostoc commune; great golden maidenhair, Polytrichum commune
compressus L compressus slender, pressed together slender oatgrass, Danthonia compressa; slender crayfish, Faxonius compressus
emerald cockroach wasp, Ampulex compressa; empire gudgeon, Hypseleotris compressa
Dendrobium compressum, an orchid
concolor L having uniform color throughout cougar, Puma concolor; white fir, Abies concolor
conno- G κόννος (kónnos) beard wildebeest, Connochaetes gnou All pages with titles beginning with Conno
corax L corvus G κόραξ (kórax) crow, raven common raven, Corvus corax corax
cordatus L heart-shaped cordate (leaf shape);
small-leaved lime, Tilia cordata;
sea potato, Echinocardium cordatum
cordifolius L heart-shaped leaves heartleaf aster, Symphyotrichum cordifolium;
heart-leaved moonseed, Tinospora cordifolia;
Tucson bur ragweed, Ambrosia cordifolia
coriaceus L, from corium ("leather") leathery Pajahuello tick, Ornithodoros coriaceus; beach bird's eye, Alectryon coriaceus
blue china vine, Holboellia coriacea; leatherback sea turtle, Dermochelys coriacea
green tea-tree, Leptospermum coriaceum; inland rock orchid, Dendrobium coriaceum
cornu L cornū horn garden snail, Cornu aspersum;
great ramshorn, Planorbarius corneus
All pages with titles beginning with Cornu
coronatus L crowned crowned lemur, Eulemur coronatus;
crowned turban shell, Lunella coronata
costatus L ribbed ribbed slipper shell, Maoricrypta costata; striped Raphael catfish, Platydoras costatus costatuscostatacostatum
crassus, crassi- L thick, fat creeping blueberry, Vaccinium crassifolium;
inflated spiny crab, Rochinia crassa;
mouthless crab, Cardisoma crassum
cristatus L crested aardwolf, Proteles cristatus;
blue jay, Cyanocitta cristata;
crested wheatgrass, Agropyron cristatum
crocos G κρόκος (krókos) yellow bicoloured white-toothed shrew, Crocidura leucodon;
saffron, Crocus sativus;
spotted hyena, Crocuta crocuta
All pages with titles beginning with croc
cryo- G κρύος (krúos) cold Cryogenics All pages with titles beginning with Cryo
crypto- G κρυπτός (kruptós) hidden Cryptococcus; Cryptosporidium All pages with titles beginning with Crypto
culminicola L summit dweller Elaeocarpus culminicola; Euxoa culminicola; Pinus culminicola, Potosi pinyon All pages with titles containing culminicola
cursor L runner, racer cream-colored courser, Cursorius cursor; cursorial akodont, Akodon cursor; Lacépède's ground snake, Erythrolamprus cursor cursor
curvirostris L curved beak boxer snipe eel, Nemichthys curvirostris;
curve-billed thrasher, Toxostoma curvirostre
cyano- G κυανός (kuanós) blue-green azure-winged magpie, Cyanopica cyanus;
big blue octopus, Octopus cyanea;
blue orchid, Aganisia cyanea
All pages with titles beginning with Cyanocyaneuscyaneacyaneum


Latin/Greek Language English Example Search for titles containing the word or using the prefix:
dactyl-, dactylo- G δάκτυλος (dáktulos) finger or toe black-legged kittiwake, Rissa tridactyla; Pterodactylus All pages with titles beginning with Dactyl
deca-, deka- G δέκα (déka) ten alfonsino, Beryx decadactylus All pages with titles beginning with Deca
decem L ten Colorado potato beetle, Leptinotarsa decemlineata
delphis G δελφύς (delphús) womb virginia opossum, Didelphis virginiana
dendr-, dendri-, dendro-, -dendron, -dendrum G δένδρον (déndron) tree Philodendron, Dendrobium, Rhododendron dendrodendrondendrum
derma G δέρμα (dérma) skin yellow staining mushroom, Agaricus xanthodermus All pages with titles beginning with Derm
di- G δι- (di-) two Christmas orchid, Dipodium punctatum Too common a letter combination for any useful search
diffusus L diffundere diffuse diffuse spineflower, Chorizanthe diffusa;
fly, Paralimnophila diffusior;
rush, Juncus diffusissimus;
spreading groundsmoke, Gayophytum diffusum;
spreading lupine, Lupinus diffusus;
spreading phlox, Phlox diffusa
digitatus L having fingers finger rush Juncus digitatus;
baobab, Adansonia digitata;
dead man's fingers, Alcyonium digitatum
dilatatus L dilated, extended dallisgrass, Paspalum dilatatum;
Maianthemum dilatatum
dioica L dioicous common nettle, Urtica dioica dioica
dino-, deino- G δεινός (deinós) terrifying dinosaur, Deinotherium All pages with titles beginning with Dino
diplo- G διπλός (diplós) double two-eyed orange spider, Diploglena capensis All pages with titles beginning with Diplo
disc, disk G δίσκος (dískos) disc common fungus moth, Metalectra discalis All pages with titles beginning with Discdiscalisdiscale
dodeca- G δώδεκα (dṓdeka) twelve Henderson's shootingstar, Dodecatheon hendersonii All pages with titles beginning with Dodeca
dolicho- G δολιχός (dolikhós) elongated, long knight anole, Anolis dolichocephalus All pages with titles beginning with Dolicho
domesticus L of the house or domestic domestic pig, Sus scrofa domestica;
house sparrow, Passer domesticus
dorsum L back back-striped weasel, Mustela strigidorsa All pages with titles beginning with Dors
dubius L doubtful little ringed plover, Charadrius dubius

see also nomina dubia

dulcis L sweet almond, Prunus dulcis dulcisdulce
dumetorum L, from dumus, "bramble" "of the thickets" Blyth's reed warbler, Acrocephalus dumetorum; bitter yam, Dioscorea dumetorum; coastal green hairstreak, Callophrys dumetorum dumetorum
dumicola L scrub dweller Acaena dumicola; Cerbera dumicola; Stegodyphus dumicola, African social spider All pages with titles containing dumicola


Latin/Greek Language English Example Search for titles containing the word or using the prefix:
eburneus L eburneus ivory-colored ivory gull, Pagophila eburnea eburneuseburneaeburneum
echinatus L prickly, spiny Edisto crayfish, Procambarus echinatus; shortleaf pine, Pinus echinata echinatusechinataechinatum
echino- L echīnus G ἐχῖνος (ekhînos) hedgehog, sea-urchin great globe thistle, Echinops sphaerocephalus; diadema urchin, Echinothrix diadema; San Pedro cactus, Echinopsis pachanoi All pages with titles beginning with Echino
edulis L edible common cockle, Cerastoderma edule; king bolete, Boletus edulis; oyster, Ostrea edulis; passion fruit, Passiflora edulis edulisedule
elatior L taller true oxlip, Primula elatior elatior
electro- G ἤλεκτρον (ḗlektron) amber, amber-colored or

electric (modern usage)

broad-billed motmot, Electron platyrhynchum;
electric eel, Electrophorus electricus
No simple way to distinguish biological from other uses
elegans L elegant crimson rosella, Platycercus elegans ;
Granastyochus elegantissimus;
Iris iberica subsp. elegantissima; false aralia, Plerandra elegantissima;
Caecum elegantissimum
emarginatus L having no edges Phongolo suckermouth, Chiloglanis emarginatus;
Gibraltar sea lavender, Limonium emarginatum;
acerola, Malpighia emarginata; bitter cherry, Prunus emarginata
enanti- G ἐναντίος (enantíos) opposite, against Enantiornithes All pages with titles beginning with Enantio
ennea- G ἐννέα (ennéa) nine banded sunfish Enneacanthus obesus; scurvy-grass sorrel, Oxalis enneaphylla All pages with titles beginning with Ennea
ensatus L sword-like California giant salamander, Dicamptodon ensatus ensatusensataensatum
ensis, ensi- L sword, lance jackknife clam, Ensis minor; swordleaf rush, Juncus ensifolius All pages with titles beginning with Ensiensiformis
-ensis L of, from (a place) Tadarida brasiliensis (Brazilian free-tailed bat); Lucy, Australopithecus afarensis
eques L knight, horseman North Atlantic codling, Lepidion eques ; western horse lubber grasshopper, Taeniopoda eques; leafy seadragon, Phycodurus eques
Aspergillus equitis; Cygnus equitum; Hoheria equitum
erectus L upright Homo erectus ("upright man"); upright chickweed, Moenchia erecta erectuserectaerectum
erio- G ἔριον (érion) wool, woolly common cottongrass, Eriophorum angustifolium All pages with titles beginning with Erio
erosus L indented, jagged, serrated jícama, Pachyrhizus erosus; serrated hinge-back tortoise, Kinixys erosa erosuserosaerosum
erythro- G ἐρυθρός (eruthrós) red[2] spotted redshank, Tringa erythropus; dog's-tooth violet, Erythronium dens-canis All pages with titles beginning with Erythro
esculentus L edible edible frog, Pelophylax kl. esculentus; Gyromitra esculenta esculentus esculenta esculentum
europaeus L European European hedgehog, Erinaceus europaeus; European owl moth, Brahmaea europaea europaeuseuropaeaeuropaeum
Euryops G wide-eyed euryops, plant genus; Goiter blacksmelt, Bathylagus euryops euryops
excelsus L exalted African teak, Milicia excelsa; excelsior cone, Conus excelsus excelsusexcelsaexcelsum


Latin/Greek Language English Examples Search for titles containing the word or using the prefix:
fallax L false false swift, Borbo fallax; green marvel, Acronicta fallax fallax
falx L sickle sickle milkvetch, Astragalus falcatus; sickle-leaved hare's-ear, Bupleurum falcatum; sicklethorn, Asparagus falcatus; wild pear, Persoonia falcata falcatusfalcatafalcatumfalciformisfalx
familiaris L domestic, common, familiar dog, Canis lupus familiaris
felis L cat black-footed cat, Felis nigripes; cat flea, Ctenocephalides felis
felinus L cat-like, feline cat gecko, Aeluroscalabotes felinus; marine otter, Lontra felina felinusfelinafelinum
-fer L -bearing western honey bee, Apis mellifera; coconut, Cocos nucifera
ferox L ferocious, wild, bold long snouted lancetfish, Alepisaurus ferox; fossa, Cryptoprocta ferox ferox
ferus L wild wild horse, Equus ferus; wild Bactrian camel, Camelus ferus ferusferaferum
ferrugo L rust ferruginous swift, Borbo ferruginea;
reddish-brown corky spine fungus, Hydnellum ferrugineum;
rusty bloodwood, Corymbia ferruginea;
rusty parrotfish, Scarus ferrugineus;
rusty pitohui, Pseudorectes ferrugineus
fidelis L faithful faithful sea slug, Goniobranchus fidelis; faithful leafcutting bee, Megachile fidelis; Pacific sideband, Monadenia fidelis fidelis
filum L thread desert fan palm, Washingtonia filifera; thread fern, Blechnum filiforme; thread-leaved sundew, Drosera filiformis filiferfiliferafiliformisfiliforme
fimbriatus L fringed, fibrous Coomsaharn char, Salvelinus fimbriatus; crested gliding lizard, Draco fimbriatus
trumpet cup lichen, Cladonia fimbriata; fringed jumping spider, Portia fimbriata
fringed earthstar, Geastrum fimbriatum; gang-gang cockatoo, Callocephalon fimbriatum
flavus L golden yellow, light yellow yellow pitcher plant, Sarracenia flava; yellow-necked mouse, Apodemus flavicollis flavusflavaflavum
floridus L flowery blue palo verde, Parkinsonia florida; floral banded wobbegong, Orectolobus floridus floridusfloridum
flor- L flos flower southern magnolia, Magnolia grandiflora; great white trillium, Trillium grandiflorum All pages with titles beginning with flori
fodiens L fodere digging burying beetle, Nicrophorus defodiens; burying beetle, Nicrophorus infodiens; Eurasian water shrew, Neomys fodiens; lowland burrowing tree frog, Smilisca fodiens
folium L leaf American beech, Fagus grandifolia; broad-leaved sermountain, Laserpitium latifolium; Chinese elm, Ulmus parvifolia; Joshua tree, Yucca brevifolia; upright snottygobble, Persoonia longifolia
formosanus L fōrmōsānus from Taiwan (formerly called Formosa) Formosan black bear, Ursus thibetanus formosanus; Formosan subterranean termite, Coptotermes formosanus
Taiwan flower mantis, Acromantis formosana; Taiwanese sweet gum, Liquidambar formosana
red quinoa, Chenopodium formosanum; Taiwan saddled carpetshark, Cirrhoscyllium formosanum
formosus L fōrmōsus (well-)formed, beautiful beautiful bronzeback tree snake, Dendrelaphis formosus; Asian arowana, Scleropages formosus
Baikal teal, Sibirionetta formosa; least killifish, Heterandria formosa
giant maidenhair, Adiantum formosum; beautiful giant-flowered dendrobium, Dendrobium formosum
fragilis L frangere breakable brittle bladder-fern, Cystopteris fragilis; brittle willow, Salix × fragilis; candy cap, Lactarius fragilis; Dientamoeba fragilis; dead man's fingers, Codium fragile; fragile wart frog, Limnonectes fragilis fragilis
fuliginosus L sooty jet black ant, Lasius fuliginosus; ruby tiger, Phragmatobia fuliginosa; sooty hairstreak, Satyrium fuliginosum; sooty milkcap, Lactarius fuliginosus fuliginosusfuliginosafuliginosum
fulvus L deep yellow, tawny Pacific golden plover, Pluvialis fulva; sulphur leather coral, Rhytisma fulvum; tawny grisette, Amanita fulva; yellow ground squirrel, Spermophilus fulvus fulvusfulvafulvum
furcatus L forked forked viburnum, Viburnum furcatum; forked wormwood, Artemisia furcata; swallow-tailed gull, Creagrus furcatus furcatusfurcatafurcatum
fuscus L dark, dark brown dusky hopping mouse, Notomys fuscus; dusky pitcher-plant, Nepenthes fusca; rusty peat moss, Sphagnum fuscum; sooty tern, Sterna fuscata fuscusfuscafuscum


Latin/Greek Language English Examples Search for titles containing the word or using the prefix:
gala, galum G γάλα (gála) milk soap plants, Chlorogalum
garrulus L chattering, talkative Garrulus, a genus of jays; Bohemian waxwing, Bombycilla garrulus
Eupithecia garrula, an inchworm moth; chestnut-winged chachalaca, Ortalis garrula
Chelostoma garrulum, a carder bee; Omicron garrulum, a potter wasp
gaster, gastro-, gastr- L gaster G γαστήρ (gastḗr) belly common fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster; Gastropoda
geo- G γαῖα, γῆ () Earth Conus geographus, geography cone; Geotrichum
giganteus L giant giganteus (a sea snail); Aldabra giant tortoise, Aldabrachelys gigantea giganteusgiganteagiganteum
gigas G γίγας giant Humboldt squid, Dosidicus gigas; snow morel, Gyromitra gigas; cœur de la mer, Entada gigas All pages with titles containing gigas
glaber L glaber smooth; hairless[3] naked mole-rat, Heterocephalus glaber; smooth sumac, Rhus glabra; Omphiscola glabra (a snail) glaberglabraglabrum
glacialis L found in glaciers North Atlantic right whale, Eubalaena glacialis; glacier wormwood, Artemisia glacialis
glacier lantern fish, Benthosema glaciale; Endocellion glaciale, a daisy
glandulosus L having kernels Tasmanian laurel, Anopterus glandulosus, Basilan Island caecilian, Ichthyophis glandulosus;
honey mesquite, Prosopis glandulosa, warty jumping-slug, Hemphillia glandulosa;
skunk currant, Ribes glandulosum,
glaucus L glaucus G γλαυκός (glaukós) blue-green, blue-gray, gleaming silvery blue butterfly, Lepidochrysops glauca; Glaucidae, nudibranch family glaucusglaucaglaucum
glutinosus L glutinosus sticky common alder, Alnus glutinosa;
viscid black earth tongue, Glutinoglossum glutinosum;
northern slimy salamander, Plethodon glutinosus
glyco-, glycy-, glyc- G γλυκύς (glukús) sweet liquorice, Glycyrrhiza glabra; soybean, Glycine max
gracilis, gracile L slender, graceful western spotted skunk, Spilogale gracilis; slough darter, Etheostoma gracile; Gracilisuchus gracilisgracile
gracilipes L grăcĭlĭpes[4] slender-footed slender frog, Austrochaperina gracilipes; slender-legged bushfrog, Gracixalus gracilipes; slenderstalk monkeyflower, Mimulus gracilipes; slimfoot century plant, Agave gracilipes gracilipes
graniticus L granite granite claw flower, Calothamnus graniticus;
granite poverty bush, Eremophila granitica;
granite serpentweed, Tonestus graniticus
graveolens L gravis strong-smelling common rue, Ruta graveolens; lippia, Lippia graveolens graveolens
gregarius L gregārius, from grex (“flock, herd”) sociable sociable lapwing, Vanellus gregarius; goldfish plant, Nematanthus gregarius; desert locust, Schistocerca gregaria; Leptospermum gregarium, an Australian myrtle gregariusgregariagregarium
griseus L (a Neo-Latin loanword from Germanic) grey desert monitor, Varanus griseus; bluntnose sixgill shark, Hexanchus griseus; parent bug, Elasmucha grisea; lichen mimic, Gonatista grisea
paperbark maple, Acer griseum; white-banded house jumping spider, Hypoblemum griseum
groenlandicus L from Greenland (Old Norse Grœnland) harp seal, Pagophilus groenlandicus; spiny lobster, Lebbeus groenlandicus
Arctic woolly bear moth, Gynaephora groenlandica; elephanthead lousewort, Pedicularis groenlandica
bog Labrador tea, Rhododendron groenlandicum
gyrino-, gyrinus G γυρῖνος (gurînos) tadpole spring salamander, Gyrinophilus porphyriticus; e.g. Crassigyrinus, Proterogyrinus


Latin/Greek Language English Examples Search for titles containing the word or using the prefix:
haema-, hema- G αἷμα (haîma) blood Haemosporida; Bacteria sp., Haemophilus influenzae
hali-, halio- G ἅλς (háls) of the sea, salt Steller's sea eagle, Haliaeetus pelagicus; grey seal, Halichoerus grypus; black abalone, Haliotis cracherodii
hamatus L hooked Slender-billed kite, Helicolestes hamatus ; Ruitersbos pincushion, Leucospermum hamatum; Dark Tiger (butterfly) Tirumala hamata hamatushamatumhamata
haplo- G ἁπλόος (haplóos) simple, single mountain beaver, Aplodontia rufa; Mongolosaurus haplodon
hedra- G ἕδρα (hédra) seat, facet Chinese ephedra, Ephedra sinica
helio- G ἥλιος (hḗlios) sun sunflower, Helianthus annuus; sun spurge, Euphorbia helioscopia
hemisphaerica G half-sphere sand laurel oak, Quercus hemisphaerica, sulphur rose, Rosa hemisphaerica Hemisphaerica
hetero- G diversely or different melancholy thistle, Cirsium heterophyllum, Leucanthemum heterophyllum, Smith's cress, Lepidium heterophyllum heterophyllum
hexa- G ἕξ (héx) six water primrose, Ludwigia hexapetala
hibernicus L from Ireland Irish whitebeam, Sorbus hibernica; Atlantic ivy, Hedera hibernica; Southern bristetail, Dilta hibernica; Irish hare, Lepus timidus hibernicus; Mycobacterium hiberniae; Pisidium hibernicum hiberniaehibernicushibernicumhibernica
hibridus L hybrid butterbur, Petasites hybridus, brown spider monkey, Ateles hybridus; kelp goose, Chloephaga hybrida; alsike clover, Trifolium hybridum; hibridushybridushibridahybridahibridumhybridum
hippo- G ἵππος (híppos) horse seahorse, Hippocampus; lesser horseshoe bat, Rhinolophus hipposideros
hirsutus L hairy hairy bittercress, Cardamine hirsuta;
hairy fruit-eating bat, Artibeus hirsutus;
hairy St John's-wort, Hypericum hirsutum
hispidus L rough, shaggy, bristly, prickly banded coral shrimp, Stenopus hispidus; shaggy bracket, Inonotus hispidus
ringed seal, Pusa hispida; wax gourd, Benincasa hispida
bristly starbur, Acanthospermum hispidum; white butterfly triggerplant, Stylidium hispidum
homo L human, man modern human, Homo sapiens; Neanderthal, Homo neanderthalensis
hortensis L hortus from the garden broad-leaved anemone, Anemone hortensis;
garden orache, Atriplex hortensis;
Mexican longwing, Heliconius hortense;
Orphean warbler, Sylvia hortensis
humilis L low, small, humble Mediterranean dwarf palm, Chamaerops humilis; Talaud flying fox, Acerodon humilis
Argentine ant, Linepithema humile; Italian jasmine, Jasminum humile
hydro- G ὕδωρ, ὑδρο- (húdōr, hudro-) water Chinese water deer, Hydropotes inermis; capybara, Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris
hyemalis L hiems winter dark-eyed junco, Junco hyemalis; winter aconite, Eranthis hyemalis
rough horsetail, Equisetum hyemale; putty root, Aplectrum hyemale
Mucor hiemalis and Hebeloma hiemale, both fungi
hyper- G ὑπέρ (hupér) over, above St John's wort, Hypericum perforatum
hyperboreus G ὑπέρ Βορέᾱ (hupér Boréā) from the Arctic region (Hyperborea) glaucous gull, Larus hyperboreus; tundra fleabane, Erigeron hyperboreus
tangle or cuvie, Laminaria hyperborea; estuary beggarsticks, Bidens hyperborea
boreal bur-reed, Sparganium hyperboreum; boreal haircap moss, Polytrichum hyperboreum
hypo-, hyp- G ὑπό (hupó) under, beneath zebra pleco catfish, Hypancistrus zebra; common cat's-ear, Hypochaeris radicata


Latin/Greek Language English Examples Search for titles containing the word or using the prefix:
iliacus L having a distinctive flank redwing, Turdus iliacus; Etaxalus iliacus, a beetle
fox sparrow, Passerella iliaca; Rhytiphora iliaca, a beetle
imbricatus L tiled Mountain owl's-clover, Orthocarpus imbricatus imbricatusimbricataimbricatum
indicus L Indian Malaysian tapir, Tapirus indicus indicusindicaindicum
inaequalis L unequal variable ladybird, Coelophora inaequalis inaequalisinaequale
inedulis L inedible fungus, Caloboletus inedulis inedulisinedule
inermis L unarmed, defenceless water deer, Hydropotes inermis; henna tree, Lawsonia inermis
turkey-berry, Canthium inerme; white milkwood, Sideroxylon inerme
ingratus L offensive See Ingrata ingrataingratusingratum
innotatus L unmarked unmarked dagger moth, Acronicta innotata innotata
irregularis L unusual or irregular variable burrowing asp, Atractaspis irregularis; viper's bugloss, Hadena irregularis irregularisirregulare
japonicus L Japanese food wrapper plant, Mallotus japonicus; Japanese pagoda tree, Styphnolobium japonicum; Japanese spiraea, Spiraea japonica; see also nipponensis japonicusjaponicajaponicum
jubatus L iubātus having a mane, crested cheetah, Acinonyx jubatus; Steller sea lion, Eumetopias jubatus
purple pampas grass, Cortaderia jubata; maned forest lizard, Bronchocela jubata
foxtail barley, Hordeum jubatum; Piptochaetium jubatum, a speargrass species
kentuckiensis L from Kentucky Kentucky lady's slipper, Cypripedium kentuckiense; Kentucky lichen moth, Cisthene kentuckiensis kentuckiensiskentuckiense


Latin/Greek Language English Examples Search for titles containing the word or using the prefix:
lact- L lac milk, sap, milky white Chinese peony, Paeonia lactiflora; milk-caps, Lactifluus; Lactophrys; Aspalathus lactea
laetus L pleasant, bright Crombrugghia laetus, scarce light plume moth; Myoporum laetum, mousehole tree; Parhelophilus laetus laetuslaetum
laevis L smooth red-eyed assassin bug, Platymeris laevicollis; smooth bedstraw, Cruciata laevipes All pages with titles containing Laevis
lagus G λαγώς (lagṓs) hare European rabbit, Oryctolagus cuniculus; viscachas, Lagidium spp.
lancea L lance sculptured seamoth, Pegasus lancifer; swamp lousewort, Pedicularis lanceolata
lateralis L side black-flanked rock-wallaby, Petrogale lateralis
lapponicus L from Lapland/Sápmi (Neo-Latin Lapponia) Lapland longspur, Calcarius lapponicus; Lapland mountain sorrel, Rumex lapponicus
bar-tailed godwit, Limosa lapponica; pincushion plant, Diapensia lapponica
Lapland rosebay, Rhododendron lapponicum; Lapland poppy, Papaver lapponicum
latus L flank; broad horse-eye jack, Caranx latus; wideleaf waterparsnip, Sium latifolium; wych elm, Ulmus glabra 'Latifolia Aurea'
laxus L wide, yielding American globeflower, Trollius laxus; Cyperus laxus, a sedge
flowering grass, Freesia laxa; tufted forget-me-not, Myosotis laxa
Bredasdorp conebush, Leucadendron laxum; false lily turf, Chlorophytum laxum
lepidus L pleasant, pleasing, charming rock rattlesnake, Crotalus lepidus; ocellated lizard, Timon lepidus
desert woodrat, Neotoma lepida; embossed hawthorn buprestid, Dicerca lepida
greenthroat darter, Etheostoma lepidum; Leccinellum lepidum, a bolete
lepis, lepido- G λεπίς (lepís) scale, rind, husk, flake large-scale mullet, Liza macrolepis; Lepidoptera
lepto-, lepti- G λεπτός (leptós) light Leptictidium auderiense, Leptospira kirschneri
lepus L hare black-tailed jackrabbit, Lepus californicus
leuco-, leuc- G λευκός (leukós) white white-winged tern, Chlidonias leucopterus
leucocephalus G white-headed bald eagle, Haliaeetus leucocephalus;
white-crowned pigeon, Patagioenas leucocephala;
white-headed marsh tyrant, Arundinicola leucocephala;
white-headed stilt, Himantopus leucocephalus;
also see albiceps
leucodon G white-toothed bicolored shrew, Crocidura leucodon;
lesser mole-rat, Spalax leucodon;
white-toothed cowry, Cypraea leucodon;
white-toothed woodrat, Neotoma leucodon;
also see albidens
leucurus G white-tailed white-tailed ptarmigan, Lagopus leucura;
white-tailed robin, Cinclidium leucurum;
white-tailed stonechat, Saxicola leucurus
limosus L muddy limosa harlequin frog, Atelopus limosus;
mud amnicola, Amnicola limosus
lineatus L lined or striped thirteen-lined ground squirrel, Ictidomys tridecemlineatus; Colorado potato beetle, Leptinotarsa decemlineata
lobos L lobus G λοβός (lobós) lobe three-lobe buttercup, Ranunculus trilobus
longi- L longus long frog shark, Somniosus longus, galingale, Cyperus longus;
Turmeric, Curcuma longa;
Long pepper, Piper longum,
longuslongalongumAll pages with titles beginning with longi
longicaudatus L long-tailed long-tailed pygmy rice rat, Oligoryzomys longicaudatus;
longtail catfish, Olyra longicaudata;
longtail tadpole shrimp Triops longicaudatus
longicollis L long-necked eastern long-necked turtle, Chelodina longicollis longicollislongicolle
longifolius L long-leaved long-leaf persoonia, Persoonia longifolia;
long-leaf wild buckwheat, Eriogonum longifolium;
long-leaved butterwort, Pinguicula longifolia;
longleaf bush lupine, Lupinus longifolius;
longleaf sunflower, Helianthus longifolius
longirostris L long beak longbeak buttercup, Ranunculus longirostris;
longsnout blacksmelt, Dolicholagus longirostris
luctuosus L sorrowful, mournful forget-me-not bug, Sehirus luctuosus;
white-shouldered tanager, Tachyphonus luctuosus;
four-spotted moth, Tyta luctuosa
luminosus L glowing cucubano, Ignelater luminuosus;
New Zealand glowworm, Arachnocampa luminosa;
striped flying squid, Eucleoteuthis luminosa
luteus L yellow, saffron-colored yellow mariposa lily, Calochortus luteus;
yellow vetch, Vicia lutea;
red-billed leiothrix, Leiothrix lutea


Latin/Greek Language English Examples Search for titles containing the word or using the prefix:
macro- G μακρός (makrós) long, large big-headed mole rat, Tachyoryctes macrocephalus; rock onion, Allium macrum; sea snail, Turbonilla macra macramacrum
macroura G long-tailed hooded skunk, Mephitis macroura macroura
maculatus L spotted tiger quoll, Dasyurus maculatus; spotted sandpiper, Actitis macularius maculatusmaculatamaculatum
madagascariensis L from Madagascar Madagascar day gecko, Phelsuma madagascariensis madagascariensis; Malagasy ground boa, Acrantophis madagascariensis; Malagasy tree boa, Sanzinia madagascariensis; Madagascar fruit-bat argasid, Ornithodoros madagascariensis madagascariensis
magnus L great, large streaked spiderhunter, Arachnothera magna magnusmagnamagnum
major L greater great tit, Parus major
malabaricus L from Malabar chestnut-tailed starling, Sturnia malabaricus
marginatus L bordered gold edge Japanese euonymus, Euonymus japonicus 'Aureomarginatus' ; marginated tortoise, Testudo marginata marginatusmarginatamarginatum
maritima L of the sea sea beet, Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima;
samphire, Crithmum maritimum, sea holly, Eryngium maritimum;
polar bear, Ursus maritimus, sea rush, Juncus maritimus,
mauretanicus L from Mauretania (the Maghreb, northwest Africa) Balearic shearwater, Puffinus mauretanicus; Moroccan hairstreak, Tomares mauretanicus
Adscita mauretanica, a moth; Marginella mauretanica, a sea snail
mauro- G μαυρός (maurós) dark, black dark shrew, Crocidura maurisca
maximus L largest royal tern, Thalasseus maximus
mega- G μέγας (mégas) large, great megalodon shark, Otodus megalodon
megacephalus G big-headed Andriyashev large-headed sculpin, Andriashevicottus megacephalus; big-head rush, Juncus megacephalus; big-headed ant, Pheidole megacephala; big-headed tiger beetle, Megacephala megacephala; coastal plain hawkweed, Hieracium megacephalum; large-headed rice rat, Hylaeamys megacephalus megacephalusmegacephalamegacephalum
mel L honey black sage, Salvia mellifera; Nephelium melliferum; western honey bee, Apis mellifera
melano- G μελανός (melanós) black black-browed albatross, Thalassarche melanophris melanusmelana
melanocephalus G black-headed black-headed fleabane, Erigeron melanocephalus; black-headed snake, Tantilla melanocephala; ghost ant, Tapinoma melanocephalum melanocephalusmelanocephalamelanocephalum
melanophyllus G black-leaved Melanophylla; Melanophyllum melanophyllusmelanophyllamelanophyllum
melanops G black-eyed, black-faced black-eyed blue, Glaucopsyche melanops; black-fronted dotterel, Elseyornis melanops; gray spiny mouse, Scolomys melanops melanops
mephitis L bad odor striped skunk, Mephitis mephitis; yellow-pigmented bacteria, Luteimonas mephitis
meridionalis L southern southern oak bush cricket, Meconema meridionale; Andean blueberry, Vaccinium meridionale
southern mammoth, Mammuthus meridionalis; Zimbabwe grey baboon tarantula, Ceratogyrus meridionalis
micro- G μικρός (mikrós) small littleleaf pussytoes, Antennaria microphylla
microphyllus G small-leaved baby sage, Salvia microphylla; boxleaf azara, Azara microphylla; littleleaf box, Buxus microphylla; littleleaf mock-orange, Philadelphus microphyllus; small-leaf climbing fern, Lygodium microphyllum microphyllusmicrophyllamicrophyllum
minimus L smallest least flycatcher, Empidonax minimus
minor L smaller great frigatebird, Fregata minor
minuta L small dwarf waterclover, Marsilea minuta, little cuckoo, Coccycua minuta;
little gull, Hydrocoloeus minutus, harvest mouse, Micromys minutus;
little willowherb, Epilobium minutum,
mitra LG headband, turban or mitre Mitra spp., mitre shells; Gyromitra esculenta, false morel; Psittacara mitratus, mitred conure; Presbytis mitrata, mitered langur All pages with titles beginning with Mitramitratusmitratamitratum
monile L necklace Conus monilifer
mono- G μόνος (mónos) single Swinhoe's storm-petrel, Oceanodroma monorhis; Monotreme
monoica L monoicous the sandpaper saucer-berry, Cordia monoica monoica
monospermus L Having a single sperm cell one-seed juniper Juniperus monosperma monospermusmonospermamonospermum
monspeliensis L from Montpellier Montpellier cistus, Cistus monspeliensis monspeliensismonspessulanusmonspessulanamonspessulanum
montanus L mons of the mountains mountain bottlebrush, Melaleuca montana; mountain mahogany, Cercocarpus montanus; mountain thistle, Acanthus montanus; tree sparrow, Passer montanus montanus
morpho- G μορφή (morphḗ) shape Menelaus blue morpho, Morpho menelaus
mus, mys L mūs G μῦς (mûs) mouse house mouse, Mus musculus; as rodent, e.g. Phoberomys, Telicomys
mulgere G to milk European nightjar, Caprimulgus europaeus Caprimulgus
muralis L growing on the wall annual wall-rocket Diplotaxis muralis, Psammophiliella muralis


Latin/Greek Language English Examples Search for titles containing the word or using the prefix:
naevius L having moles or spots varied thrush, Ixoreus naevius; spotted salamander, Hynobius naevius
striped cuckoo, Tapera naevia; common grasshopper warbler, Locustella naevia
spotted oncidium, Oncidium naevium; Cyrtidium naevium, a fungus
nanos G νᾶνος (nânos) L nanus dwarf brown-capped woodpecker, Dendrocopos nanus;
dwarf birch, Betula nana;
dwarf shrew, Sorex nanus
natans L floating Water caltrop, Trapa natans
neomexicanus L from New Mexico New Mexico whiptail, Aspidoscelis neomexicanus;
New Mexican yucca, Yucca neomexicana;
New Mexico thistle, Cirsium neomexicanum
niger, nigr- L black black skimmer, Rynchops niger;
black pine, Pinus nigra;
black softshell turtle, Nilssonia nigricans;
black-footed albatross, Phoebastria nigripes;
black-spined Atlantic tree-rat, Phyllomys nigrispinus
See also: ater
nippon(ensis) L from Japan (natively known as Nippon) freshwater shrimp, Macrobrachium nipponense; Japanese bobtail squid, Sepiolina nipponensis; Sika deer, Cervus nippon; Crested ibis, Nipponia nippon
See also: japonicus
nitidus L nitere shining Baja cape kingsnake, Lampropeltis getula nitida;
Mauritius blue pigeon, Alectroenas nitidissima;
shining pea clam, Pisidium nitidum;
shining tree iguana, Liolaemus nitidus
nix L snow snow buckwheat, Eriogonum niveum;
snow bunting, Plectrophenax nivalis;
snow petrel, Pagodroma nivea;
snow sheep Ovis nivicola;
snowy plover, Charadrius nivosus;
snowy primrose, Primula nivalis;
snowy sunflower, Helianthus niveus;
nonus L ninth honey fungus, Armillaria nabsnona
norvegicus L from Norway Norway lobster, Nephrops norvegicus; brown rat, Rattus norvegicus; rose fish, Sebastes norvegicus; Northern krill, Meganyctiphanes norvegica; highland cudweed, Gnaphalium norvegicum; norvegicusnorvegicanorvegicum
nothos G νόθος (nóthos) L nothus false, wrong bluefin notho killifish, Nothobranchius rachovii;
New Zealand red beech, Nothofagus fusca
noton G νῶτον (nôton) back black-backed antshrike, Thamnophilus melanonotus
notos G νότος (nótos) southern fawn hopping mouse, Notomys cervinus
novaeangliae L from New England humpback whale, Megaptera novaeangliae; Sphaerophoria novaeangliae, a syrphid fly
New England boneset, Eupatorium novae-angliae; New England aster, Symphyotrichum novae-angliae
novaehollandiae L from New Holland (Australia) emu, Dromaius novaehollandiae; New Holland rattlepod, Crotalaria novae-hollandiae; Sepia novaehollandiae, a cuttlefish novaehollandiaenovae-hollandiae
novaeseelandiae L from New Zealand southern boobook, Ninox novaeseelandiae
New Zealand scallop, Pecten novaezelandiae
yellow-dabbled flounder, Brachypleura novaezeelandiae
New Zealand horned orchid, Orthoceras novae-zeelandiae
red bidibid, Acaena novae-zelandiae
noveboracensis L from New York (Novum Eboracum) margined carrion beetle, Oiceoptoma noveboracense;
New York fern, Thelypteris noveboracensis;
northern waterthrush, Seiurus noveboracensis
novem L nine nine-banded armadillo, Dasypus novemcinctus;
nine-spotted lady beetle, Coccinella novemnotata
nucifera L bearing nuts butter-nut of Guiana, Caryocar nuciferum;
coconut, Cocos nucifera
All pages with titles containing nucifera
nutans L nodding nodding madia, Harmonia nutans;
nodding spurge, Euphorbia nutans


Latin/Greek Language English Example Search for titles containing the word or using the prefix:
obscurus L dark dark bolo mouse, Necromys obscurus; dusky dolphin, Lagenorhynchus obscurus; obscure morning glory, Ipomoea obscura; rare clubmoss, Lycopodium obscurum obscurusobscuraobscurum
obsoletus L obsolete, degenerate Pantherophis obsoletus; Great Plains skink, Plestiodon obsoletus obsoletusobsoletum
occidentalis L western eastern arborvitae, Thuja occidentalis; western clover, Trifolium occidentale occidentalisoccidentale
ocean G ὠκεανός (ōkeanós) ocean oceanic gecko, Gehyra oceanica;
Mediterranean tapeweed, Posidonia oceanica
octo-, octa- G ὀκτω- ὀκτα- eight common octopus, Octopus vulgaris
-odon, -odus G ὀδών (odṓn), ὀδούς (odoús) tooth Dimetrodon, Rhizodus
oeso- G οἰσέμεν (oisémen), οἰσ- carry Oesophagostomum
officinalis L for the workshop; medicinal ginger, Zingiber officinale;
rosemary, Rosmarinus officinalis
oleraceus L used as a vegetable cabbage, broccoli, kale, Brussels sprouts, and so on, Brassica oleracea; common sowthistle, Sonchus oleraceus oleraceusoleraceaoleraceum
oleum, olearis L oil Omphalotus olearius, jack o'lantern mushroom
ommato- G ὄμμᾰ (ómma), gen. ὄμμᾰτος (ómmatos) eye Ommatokoita, Ommatochila, Ommatospila All pages with titles beginning with Ommato
ophis G ὄφις (óphis) serpent Carphophis vermis, western wormsnake
ophrys G ὀφρύς (ophrús) eyebrow bee orchid, Ophrys; Central American bushmaster, Lachesis stenophrys
Melanophrys, fly genus; Cyanophrys, butterfly genus
All pages with titles beginning with Ophry
-ophthalmus G ὀφθαλμός (ophthalmós) eye common rudd, Scardinius erythrophthalmus; Ariosoma ophidiophthalmus, an eel; Spanish ling, Molva macrophthalma; Hippopsicon macrophthalmum, a beetle; Cyprinion microphthalmum, a fish; gold-eye lichen, Teloschistes chrysophthalmus
ops G ὤψ (ṓps) face, eye Triceratops
-opsis G ὄψις (ópsis) resembling Carolina parakeet, Conuropsis carolinensis
orientalis L eastern Oriental cockroach, Blatta orientalis orientalisorientale
ortho- G ὀρθός (orthós) straight Orthoptera
oryza G ὄρυζα (óruza) rice Asian rice, Oryza sativa; rice rats, Oryzomys
ovatus L egg-shaped shagbark hickory, Carya ovata ovatusovataovatum


Latin/Greek Language English Examples Search for titles containing the word or using the prefix:
pachy- G παχύς (pakhús) thick, stout Pachycephalosaurus
palaemon G Παλαίμων (Palaímōn) Palaemon, a sea god whose name means "wrestler" Palaemon, crustacean genus; chequered skipper, Carterocephalus palaemon
Palaemonias, Palaemonella and Palaemonetes, shrimp genera
pallidus L pale Dalmatian iris, Iris pallida palliduspallidapallidum
palustris L paluster of the marsh mugger crocodile, Crocodylus palustris; marsh marigold, Caltha palustris; Sphagnurus paluster, mushroom; palustrispalusterpalustrepalustrium
pan- panto- G πᾶν (pân) all Pancratium (a flower); Pangaea
paradoxus L, from G παράδοξος (parádoxos) contrary to expectation, strange, uncharacteristic Pallas's sandgrouse, Syrrhaptes paradoxus, puzzle sunflower, Helianthus paradoxus
ghost mantis, Phyllocrania paradoxa, paradoxical frog, Pseudis paradoxa
green-banded broodsac, Leucochloridium paradoxum, few-flowered garlic, Allium paradoxum
parilis L equal Syngrapha parilis, a moth; Metasphenisca parilis, a fruit fly
Nephroma parile, a fungus; Malmesbury pincushion, Leucospermum parile
parviflorus L small-flowered small-flowered mallow, Malva parviflora;
thimbleberry, Rubus parviflorus
parvifolius L small-leaved Chinese elm, Ulmus parvifolia;
littleleaf ceanothus, Ceanothus parvifolius;
small-leaved lomatium, Lomatium parvifolium
parvus L small dwarf catshark, Asymbolus parvus;
mountain pygmy possum, Burramys parvus;
small onion, Allium parvum
pecten L comb Venus comb murex, Murex pecten
ped L pēs foot showy lady slipper, Cypripedium reginae
pelagicus L, G πελαγικός of the open sea pelagic cormorant, Phalacrocorax pelagicus pelagicuspelagicapelagicum
penn- L penna feather, wing Darwin's rhea, Rhea pennata;
great auk, Pinguinus impennis
penta- G πέντε (pénte) five five-fingered skink, Chalcides pentadactylus
petro- G πέτρα (pétra), L petra rock, stone Roberts's flat-headed bat, Sauromys petrophilus;
rock daisy, Erigeron petrophilus
phago- G ἔφαγον eat African scat (fish), Scatophagus tetracanthus;
Ichthyophaga, the ("fish-eating") sea eagle
phalloides G like a phallus Amanita phalloides, the death cap, a poisonous basidiomycete fungus species
phenolicus L able to degrade phenol Pseudoalteromonas phenolica phenolicusphenolicaphenolicum
philippinensis L from the Philippines katmon tree, Dillenia philippinensis;
Philippine cobra, Naja philippinensis
pholis G φολῐ́ς (pholís) horny scale bluespotted grouper, Cephalopholis argus
phyllo- G φύλλον (phúllon) leaf garden lupin, Lupinus polyphyllus
physi- G φύσις (phúsis) nature Symphysia ("naturally joined") (a plant)[5]
phyto- G φυτόν (phutón) plant Astrophytum, Astrophytum myriostigma (a cactus); epiphyte
pictus L painted Pimelodus pictus, a catfish;
painted skipper, Hesperilla picta;
painted tunicate, Clavelina picta;
Abutilon pictum, a shrub
platy- G πλατύς (platús) flat and broad flathead trout, Salmo platycephalus; platypus
pleio- G larger, greater in quantity Burdekin plum, sweet plum, tulip plum, Pleiogynium timoriense
plicatilis L flexible, pliable fan-aloe, Kumara plicatilis; lobed river mullet, Cestraeus plicatilis
Dendrobium plicatile, an orchid; Cormohipparion plicatile, an extinct horse
plumosum L feathered big tarweed, Blepharizonia plumosa; buzzer midge, Chironomus plumosus plumosusplumosaplumosum
pod- G πούς (poús) foot, leg, stem red-footed spikesedge, Eleocharis erythropoda; Arthropoda; Gastropoda
poliocephalus G grey-headed ashy-headed goose, Chloephaga poliocephala;
grey-crowned flatbill, Tolmomyias poliocephalus;
grey-headed flying fox, Pteropus poliocephalus;
grey-headed goshawk, Accipiter poliocephalus;
hoary-headed grebe, Poliocephalus poliocephalus;
white-headed langur, Trachypithecus poliocephalus;
yellow-lored tody-flycatcher, Todirostrum poliocephalum
poly- G πολύς (polús) many, much common knotgrass, Polygonum aviculare
pomum L fruit apple maggot, Rhagoletis pomonella;
apple murex, Phyllonotus pomum;
codling moth, Cydia pomonella;
emu apple, Kunzea pomifera;
Osage orange, Maclura pomifera
ponticus G Πόντος (Póntos) Pontic; from Pontus, Turkey Black Sea field mouse, Apodemus ponticus;
Pontic adder, Vipera pontica;
Pontic rhododendron, Rhododendron ponticum;
Roman wormwood, Artemisia pontica
praecox L early early onion, Allium praecox;
neon rainbow, Melanotaenia praecox;
wintersweet, Chimonanthus praecox
praestans L excelling Kamchatka bilberry, Vaccinium praestans;
goliath webcap mushroom, Cortinarius praestans;
(a butterfly), Ypthima praestans;
(a ground beetle), Lesticus praestans;
Tulipa praestans
praeustus L burned at the end, scorched, withered brownback trevally, Carangoides praeustus; Adetus praeustus, a beetle
Serixia praeusta, a beetle; Tricholauxania praeusta, a fly;
Trogoxylon praeustum, a beetle
prātum L meadow Inyo meadow lupine, Lupinus pratensis;
meadow foxtail, Alopecurus pratensis;
meadow sedge, Carex praticola;
meadow waxcap, Cuphophyllus pratensis
princeps L first, leader, principal, princely Korean wormwood, Artemisia princeps; princely spiny-tailed lizard, Uromastyx princeps; American pika, Ochotona princeps princeps
proto- G πρῶτος (prôtos) first Protozoa
pruinosus L pruinose, "frosted", covered in white granules Tibetan blue bear, Ursus arctos pruinosus; frosted myotis, Myotis pruinosus
fuzzywuzzy airplant, Tillandsia pruinosa; frosted hawthorn, Crataegus pruinosa
crimson-tailed marsh hawk, Orthetrum pruinosum; dotted blue-eyed grass, Sisyrinchium pruinosum
pruriens L itching velvet bean, Mucuna pruriens pruriens
pseudo- L G ψευδής (pseudḗs) false or fake Brazilian false rice rat, Pseudoryzomys simplex;
pastel flower, Pseuderanthemum variabile
psych- G ψυχή (psychḗ) mind, soul psychedelic All pages with titles beginning with Psy
psychrophilus G ψυχρός (psukhrós) cold-loving bacterial rod, Flavobacterium psychrophilum;
bacterium, Geobacter psychrophilus;
whip-lash squid, Mastigoteuthis psychrophila
pterus, -pter G πτερόν (pterón) wing, feather white-winged tern, Chlidonias leucopterus;
Pteranodon (winged toothless);
Pterodactylus (winged finger);
Pteridophyta; Diptera;
ptyo- G πτύον (ptyon) fan fan-fingered geckos, Ptyodactylus; crag martin, Ptyonoprogne All pages with titles beginning with Ptyo
puberulus L having short, soft hairs Hydroporus puberulus, a diving beetle; Leptomyrmex puberulus, an ant
mountain bellwort, Uvularia puberula; hairy melicope, Melicope puberula
plains flax, Linum puberulum; red berry stick plant, Teucrium puberulum
pubescens L downy downy oak, Quercus pubescens pubescens
pugil L pugil a boxer fighting conch, Strombus pugilis pugilis
pulchellus L pretty little[6] beautiful sunbird, Cinnyris pulchella;
green pygmy goose, Nettapus pulchellus
pumilus L dwarf Cape dwarf chameleon, Bradypodion pumilum;
dwarf cuckoo, Coccycua pumila;
dwarf mouse-ear, Cerastium pumilum;
eastern forest bat, Vespadelus pumilus;
shaggy fleabane, Erigeron pumilus;
Siberian elm, Ulmus pumila
punctatus L spotted, marked with punctures dotted thyme-moss, Rhizomnium punctatum;
thirteen-spotted lady beetle, Hippodamia tredecimpunctata
pungens L pungens pungent blue spruce, Picea pungens;
pungent slippery jack, Suillus pungens
purpurascens L somewhat purple veiled purple hygrophorus, Hygrophorus purpurascens purpurascens
purpureus L purpureus purple purple amole, Chlorogalum purpureum;
purple coneflower, Echinacea purpurea;
purple finch, Haemorhous purpureus
pygmaeus L, from the Pygmaeī pygmy, dwarf Bornean orangutan, Pongo pygmaeus; pygmy three-toed sloth, Bradypus pygmaeus; Western Greece goby, Economidichthys pygmaeus; western pygmy marmoset, Cebuella pygmaea; smooth spike-primrose, Epilobium pygmaeum; alpine glacier poppy, Papaver pygmaeum pygmaeuspygmaeapygmaeum
pygo- G πυγή (pugḗ) tail, rump chinstrap penguin, Pygoscelis antarcticus


Latin/Greek Language English Example Search for titles containing the word or using the prefix:
quadri- L quattuor four, square burr grass, Festuca quadriflora (four-flowered);
four-coloured bushshrike, Telophorus quadricolor;
fourspot butterflyfish, Chaetodon quadrimaculatus;
whorled loosestrife, Lysimachia quadrifolia (four-leaved)
All pages with titles beginning with Quadri


Latin/Greek Language English Examples Search for titles containing the word or using the prefix:
radix L root or radish taproot fleabane, Erigeron radicatus radixradicansradicatusradicis
rāmus L branch branched draba, Draba ramosissima;
branched murex, Chicoreus ramosus
regalis L royal Synalpheus regalis;
regal moth, Citheronia regalis;
royal lily, Lilium regale
repandus L repandus curved upwards, turned up dragon's tongue, Hemigraphis repanda;
hedgehog mushroom, Hydnum repandum;
Peruvian apple cactus, Cereus repandus
repens L creeping, crawling (rēpēns) creeping buttercup, Ranunculus repens
repens L unexpected (rĕpēns) white clover, Trifolium repens
reptans, rept- L creeping, crawling bugle, Ajuga reptans;
creeping cinquefoil, Potentilla reptans; Reptilia
reticulata L reticulated mandarin orange, Citrus reticulata reticulatusreticulatareticulatum
rhino- G ῥίς (rhís) nose orange leaf-nosed bat, Rhinonicteris aurantia; rhinoceros
rhiza G ῥίζα (rhíza) root bushy seedbox, Ludwigia helminthorrhiza; Rhizobium (nitrogen-fixing soil bacteria)
rhynchos G ῥύγχος (rhúnkhos) beak or snout mallard, Anas platyrhynchos; Rhamphorhynchus
rhytis G ῥῠτίς (rhutís) wrinkled, folded shaggy moss, Rhytidiadelphus triquetrus; Rhytidodon (syn. Rutiodon)
rigidus L rigid, stiff big galleta, Hilaria rigida rigidusrigidarigidum
rossicus L from Russia Pliosaurus rossicus
rostr- L rōstrum beak, bill, snout common crossbill, Loxia curvirostra
rostralis L with a beak buttoned snout moth, Hypena rostralis rostralisrostrale
rostratus L rōstrātus having a beak beaked sedge, Carex rostrata;
beaked yucca, Yucca rostrata;
Caribbean sharp-nose puffer, Canthigaster rostrata;
longnose surgeonfish, Zebrasoma rostratum
ruber, rubr- L ruber red red maple, Acer rubrum;
red valerian, Centranthus ruber;
ruby bolete, Hortiboletus rubellus;
summer tanager, Piranga rubra
ruder- L rūdus, rūderis rubbish Cannabis ruderalis;
Porophyllum ruderale;
ruderal bumblebee, Bombus ruderatus
rudis, rud- L rough, rude coarse chameleon, Trioceros rudis;
pied kingfisher Ceryle rudis;
rough gecko, Naultinus rudis;
rough mabuya, Eutropis rudis
rufus, ruf- L red, reddish red wolf, Canis rufus;
rufous rubber cup, Galiella rufa
rupestris L living on cliffs or rocks Eurasian crag martin, Ptyonoprogne rupestris; rock bass, Ambloplites rupestris
rock campion, Atocion rupestre; alpine tea-tree, Leptospermum rupestre
rupicola L cliff dweller Diplacus rupicola, Death Valley monkeyflower; Narcissus rupicola; Tabernaemontana rupicola All pages with titles containing rupicola
russus L reddish Lophocampa russus, a moth; Toxitiades russus, a beetle; Schistura russa, a stone loach; Steccherinum russum, a fungus russusrussarussum
russulus L little reddish one greater white-toothed shrew, Crocidura russula; Mimeresia russulus, a butterfly; pinkmottle woodwax, Hygrophorus russula; Bryum russulum, a moss russulusrussularussulum


Latin/Greek Language English Examples Search for titles containing the word or using the prefix:
sanctus L sacred See sanctus (species) sanctus
sanguis L blood bloodroot, Sanguinaria canadensis sanguinis
sapiens L wise recent subspecies of humans: Homo sapiens sapiens ("wise wise man")
saponaria L soapy[7][8] soapworts (Saponaria spp.), soapbark (Quillaja saponaria), Ramaria flavosaponaria saponaria
sativus L sown, cultivated oat, Avena sativa;
pea, Pisum sativum;
rice, Oryza sativa
saura, -saur G σαῦρος (saûros) lizard, reptile lancetfish, Alepisaurus; Maiasaura (dinosaur)
scriptus L written, scribbled, scrawled Cape bushbuck, Tragelaphus scriptus; scrawled filefish, Aluterus scriptus
pond slider, Trachemys scripta; long hoverfly, Sphaerophoria scripta;
Grammatophyllum scriptum, an orchid; Steindachneridion scriptum, a catfish
sculptus L sculpted reed-stemmed orchid, Epidendrum sculptum;
sculpted lanternshark, Etmopterus sculptus;
sculpted puffball, Calvatia sculpta
septem L seven seven-spot ladybird, Coccinella septempunctata
septentrionalis L Northern Hemisphere (septentrional, "of the seven plough-oxen", a reference to The Plough) northern rockling, Ciliata septentrionalis
northern spleenwort, Asplenium septentrionale
setosus L bristly or shaggy hairy Atlantic spiny rat, Trinomys setosus;
artic iris Iris setosa,
Diadema setosum
sidero- G σίδηρος (sídēros) iron Siderostigma, Sideroxylon; lesser horseshoe bat, Rhinolophus hipposideros All pages with titles beginning with Sidero
silvestris, sylvestris silvaticus L from woodland or forest; wild wildcat, Felis silvestris;
snowdrop anemone, Anemone sylvestris;
Wood frog, Lithobates sylvaticus
silvestris, sylvestrissilvestre, sylvestresilvaticus, sylvaticus
similis L similar Callinectes similis similis
simplex L simple see List of species named simplex simplex
sinensis L from China tea, Camellia sinensis sinensissinense
smaragdinus G σμάραγδος (smáragdos) emerald green grass lizard, Takydromus smaragdinus; Carabus smaragdinus, a beetle
Smaragdina, beetle genus; Asian weaver ant, Oecophylla smaragdina
Epidendrum smaragdinum, an orchid; Smaragdia, snail genus
speciosus L showy queen's crape-myrtle, Lagerstroemia speciosa;
Japanese lily, Lilium speciosum
sperma G σπέρμα (spérma) seed African daisies, Osteospermum
sphen-, spheno- G σφήν (sphḗn) wedge tuatara, Sphenodon punctatus
squamatus L with scales scaly francolin, Pternistis squamatus, scaled woodcreeper, Lepidocolaptes squamatus
stichus, sticticus G στίχος (stíkhos) line, file Ochlerotatus sticticus, a mosquito; western erete, Eretes sticticus
Acalolepta stictica, a beetle; Punctelia stictica, a lichen
Trypetisoma sticticum, a fly; Diorygma sticticum, a lichen
Toothfish, Dissostichus
stoma G στόμα (stóma) mouth, opening stomate, Gnathostomata
striatus L striped African striped skink, Trachylepis striata;
striated heron, Butorides striatus;
striped Barbados lily, Hippeastrum striatum
strictus L straight, narrow, erect chocolate lily, Dichopogon strictus;
Oxalis stricta; Babiana stricta; Nardus stricta,
bog haircap moss, Polytrichum strictum
strix, strig- L or G owl kākāpō or owl parrot, Strigops habroptilus;
tawny frogmouth, Podargus strigoides;
tawny owl, Strix aluco
suber L cork cork oak, Quercus suber
suchos, -suchus G σοῦχος (soûkhos) crocodile (from Egyptian) Eusuchia;
sulcatus L furrowed furrowed wakerobin, Trillium sulcatum;
grooved helmet-orchid, Nematoceras sulcatum
syriacus L Syrian common milkweed, Asclepias syriacus syriacussyriacasyriacum


Latin/Greek Language English Examples Search for titles containing the word or using the prefix:
tardus, tardi- L slow, late great bustard, Otis tarda;
Chisos Mountains oak, Quercus tardifolia
tele-, tel- G τῆλε (têle) far, distant New South Wales waratah, Telopea speciosissima
tenax L clinging, tenacious bear grass, Xerophyllum tenax;
tough bully, Sideroxylon tenax;
tough-leaved iris, Iris tenax
tenuis L thin, slender, fine slender rush, Juncus tenuis;
plealeaf knotweed, Polygonum tenue
terrestris, terrestre L terrestrial large earth bumblebee, Bombus terrestris
bent orchid, Geodorum terrestre
tetra- G τετρα- four four-leaved allseed, Polycarpon tetraphyllum; Tetrapoda
therium, ther- G θηρίον (thēríon), θήρ (thḗr) beast, wild animal giant ground sloth, Megatherium americanum;
stinkpot turtle, Sternotherus odoratus;
gelada, Theropithicus gelada
timidus L shy, timid Mountain hare, Lepus timidus; Rhene timidus, a jumping spider; dwarf three-toed slider, Lerista timida; Elysia timida, a sea slug; Zodarion timidum, an ant spider timidustimidatimidum
tinctorius L for dyeing woad, Isatis tinctoria tinctoriustinctoriatinctorium
tomentosus L furry bristle-tail filefish, Acreichthys tomentosus;
fuzzy mock-orange, Philadelphus tomentosus;
woollyleaf ceanothus, Ceanothus tomentosus
trachy- G τραχύς (trachys) rough Trachyscorpia, fish genus; Trachyaretaon, insect genus All pages with titles beginning with trachy
tri-, tris- L tri-, G τρι- (tri-) three black-legged kittiwake, Rissa tridactyla;
three-cornered garlic, Allium triquetrum
tricho-, -thrix G θρίξ (thríx), τριχ- (trikh-) hair cloud ear fungus, Auricularia polytricha
tripartitus L three-part threepart violet, Viola tripartita;
threetip sagebrush, Artemisia tripartita
tristis L sad, disagreeable, bitter, foul ever-flowering gladiolus, Gladiolus tristis
American goldfinch, Carduelis tristis
Mupli beetle, Luprops tristis
trivialis L commonplace, ordinary tree pipit, Anthus trivialis;
southern dewberry, Rubus trivialis;
northern water plantain, Alisma triviale;
Bulbophyllum triviale, an orchid
troglodytes L G τρωγλοδύτης (trōglodútēs) cave-dweller chimpanzee, Pan troglodytes;
wren, Troglodytes troglodytes
tropicalis L tropical Candida tropicalis (yeast);
Rostraureum tropicale (fungus)
truncatus L truncated, foreshortened common bottlenose dolphin, Tursiops truncatus;
pink fairy armadillo, Chlamyphorus truncatus;
rattlesnake flower, Brazoria truncata;
false Christmas cactus, Schlumbergera truncata;
Shantung maple, Acer truncatum;
truncate leek orchid, Prasophyllum truncatum
trygon G τρῡγών (trygōn) stingray
Fontitrygon, Hemitrygon, Trygonoptera, all ray genera
Geotrygon and Trugon, dove genera
trygontrugonAll pages with titles beginning with trygo
typhlo- G τυφλός (typhlós) blind Typhlobarbus nudiventris, fish species; Typhlochactidae, scorpion family All pages with titles beginning with typhl
tyranno- G τύραννος (túrannos) tyrant, tyrannical Tyrannosaurus rex; Tyrannodoris; Tyrannoneustes; Tyrannotitan;


Latin/Greek Language English Example Search for titles containing the word or using the prefix:
ulmus L elm American elm, Ulmus americana; elmleaf goldenrod, Solidago ulmifolia; Siberian elm, Ulmus pumila; Ulmus
ulos G οὖλος (oûlos) woolly Uloborus; Ulotrichi; Ulotrichopus All pages with titles beginning with Ulo
unus L one Monotropa uniflora; unicolor woolly lemur, Avahi unicolor
ura G οὐρά (ourá) of the tail mourning dove, Zenaida macroura; coral snake, Micrurus corallinus


Latin/Greek Language English Examples Search for titles containing the word or using the prefix:
vaginalis L sheathed, vaginal Alyce clover, Gardnerella vaginalis vaginalis
variabilis L variable grey bunting, Emberiza variabilis variabilisvariabile
variegatus L variegated variegated laughingthrush, Garrulax variegatus; croton, Codiaeum variegatum variegatusvariegatavariegatum
varius L different, variegated, variable lace monitor, Varanus varius; yellow-bellied sapsucker, Sphyrapicus varius
barred owl, Strix varia; purple crown vetch, Securigera varia
variable triplefin, Forsterygion varium; grass cerith, Bittiolum varium
velox, velocis L swift swift fox, Vulpes velox; Velociraptor velox
ventralis L ventral, of the belly Hispaniolan parrot, Amazona ventralis;
southern dwarf chameleon, Bradypodion ventrale
venustus L beautiful giraffe hap, Nimbochromis venustus; beautiful pit viper, Trimeresurus venustus
flamevine, Pyrostegia venusta; orchard spider, Leucauge venusta
Himalayan maidenhair, Adiantum venustum; magnificent leafy moss, Plagiomnium venustum
vernicosa L varnished varnished maxillaria, Maxillaria vernicosa vernicosusvernicosavernicosum
vernus, vernalis L spring (season) spring gentian, Gentiana verna;
spring pheasant's eye, Adonis vernalis;
spring sneezeweed, Helenium vernale
verrucosus L rough-skinned Javan warty pig, Sus verrucosus; reef stonefish, Synanceia verrucosa verrucosusverrucosaverrucosum
versicolor L many-colored varied honeyeater, Lichenostomus versicolor; Vietnam mouse-deer, Tragulus versicolor versicolor
verticillata L whorled spaghetti bryozoan, Amathia verticillata; whorled plectranthus, Plectranthus verticillatus verticillatusverticillataverticillatum
verus L true, genuine true aloe, Aloe vera; lady's bedstraw, Galium verum verusverum
victoriae L Victorian Victoria's bar, Cigaritis victoriae victoriae
villosus L [9] hairy, shaggy hairy nightshade, Solanum villosum;
hairy stonecrop, Sedum villosum;
hairy vetch, Vicia villosa;
hairy woodpecker, Picoides villosus;
shaggy hawkweed, Hieracium villosum;
villous deadly carrot, Thapsia villosa
virginiana L Virginia Virginia opossum, Didelphis virginiana; Rosa virginiana, the Virginia rose virginianavirginianum
viridis L green frog orchid, Coeloglossum viride;
green alder, Alnus viridis;
green wrasse, Labrus viridis
virosus L poisonous cowbane, Cicuta virosa; poisonous lettuce, Lactuca virosa virosusvirosa
L grape vine inhabitant or cultivator Phomopsis viticola; Plasmopara viticola; Schizomyia viticola viticola
volans L flying flying dragon, Draco volans; southern flying squirrel, Glaucomys volans volans
vulgaris L common common octopus, Octopus vulgaris; common privet, Ligustrum vulgare vulgarisvulgare


Latin/Greek Language English Example Search for titles containing the word or using the prefix:
xanthos G ξανθός yellow yellow staining mushroom, Agaricus xanthodermus All pages with titles beginning with Xanth
zebratus L cross-striped Kolombatovic's goby, Chromogobius zebratus
zoster G ζωστήρ (zōstḗr) belt, girdle white-eyes, Zosterops; Zosterophyllum; Zosterocarpus abyssicola All pages with titles beginning with Zoster
zygos G ζυγός joined Zygophyllum; Zygoptera All pages with titles beginning with Zygo

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Harbach, Ralph E. (17 October 2018). Culicipedia: Species-group, genus-group and family-group names in Culicidae (Diptera). CABI. ISBN 9781786399052 – via Google Books.
  2. ^ Chuck Griffith. "Dictionary of Botanical Epithets".
  3. ^ "Rhus glabra L." Northern Arizona University. Retrieved 4 September 2012.
  4. ^ "Charlton T. Lewis, Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, G, Gracchus, grăcĭlĭpes". Retrieved 17 January 2016.
  5. ^ Umberto Quattrocchi (2000). CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names. CRC Press. p. 2610. ISBN 978-0-8493-2673-8.
  6. ^ Charlton T. Lewis, Charles Short (1879). "pulchellus". A Latin Dictionary.
  7. ^ Saponaria. Flora of North America.
  8. ^ Griffith, Chuck (2005). "Dictionary of Botanical Epithets". Dictionary of Botanical Epithets. Retrieved 16 July 2018. saponarius saponaria saponarium soapy sapo sapon noun/m soap (from German) arius ari adj adjective suffix for nouns or numbers: connected to or possessed by
  9. ^ "Charlton T. Lewis, An Elementary Latin Dictionary, villōsus". Retrieved 17 January 2016.

External links[edit]