List of Latin-script letters

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This is a list of letters of the Latin script.

Basic alphabet[edit]

Original Latin alphabet of the Roman Kingdom
A B C D E F H I K L M N O P Q R S T V X
Latin alphabet of the Roman Empire
A B C D E F G H I K L M N O P Q R S T V X Y Z
ISO basic Latin alphabet[1]
Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz

Extensions[edit]

Letter Name Notes
Small capital A Nonstandard phonetic symbol; Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[2]
Ɐ ɐ Turned A Near-open central vowel
Ɑ ɑ Alpha (Script A) Open back unrounded vowel. cf. Greek: Α α
Ɒ ɒ Turned alpha (Turned script A) Open back rounded vowel
ʙ Small capital B Bilabial trill; partially devoiced bilabial stop in UPA
Small capital barred B Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[2]
Small capital C Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[2]
Ↄ ↄ Reversed C Claudian letters
Ð ð Eth Voiced dental fricative; Icelandic, Elfdalian and Faroese, Old English (not pronounced in Faroese)
Ꝺ ꝺ Insular D  
Small capital D Partially devoiced alveolar stop in UPA
Small capital Eth Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[2]
Dum  
Delta cf. Greek: Δ δ
Small capital E Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[2]
Ǝ ǝ Turned E Pan-Nigerian alphabet
Small capital turned E UPA
Ə ə Schwa Mid-central vowel; Azerbaijani letter. It was used in the Zhuang language from 1957 to 1986. cf. Cyrillic: Ә ә
Ɛ ɛ Open E (Epsilon) Open-mid front unrounded vowel. cf. Greek: Ε ε
ɘ Reversed E Close-mid central unrounded vowel
ɜ Reversed open E (Reversed Epsilon) Open-mid central unrounded vowel
ɞ Closed reversed open E (Closed reversed Epsilon) Open-mid central rounded vowel
ʚ Closed open E (Closed Epsilon) A misprinted symbol for open-mid central rounded vowel
ɤ Rams horn (Baby Gamma) Close-mid back unrounded vowel
Ꝼ ꝼ Insular F  
Small capital F Medievalist addition
Ⅎ ⅎ Turned F Claudian letters
Epigraphic letter reversed F  
Ᵹ ᵹ Insular G  
ɡ Script G Voiced velar stop
ɢ Small capital G Voiced uvular stop; partially devoiced velar stop in UPA
Turned G letter for translating the Georgian letter
Ꝿ ꝿ Turned insular G  
Ɣ ɣ Gamma Voiced velar fricative. cf. Greek: Γγ
Ƣ ƣ Gha Jaꞑalif letter for Tatar, Azerbaijani letter
ʜ Small capital H Voiceless epiglottal fricative
Ƕ ƕ Hwair Gothic
Ⱶ ⱶ Heta Claudian letters. cf. Greek: Ⱶⱶ
Ꜧ ꜧ Heng  
ı Dotless I Turkish, Azerbaijani
ɪ Small capital I Near-close near-front unrounded vowel
Epigraphic letter I Longa Latin long i /iː/ in epigraphic style
Sideways I Epigraphic variant of I used in early medieval Celtic inscriptions
Turned i Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[2]
Small capital I with stroke English near-close central unrounded vowel, or schwa (Oxford University Press dictionary convention)
Ɩ ɩ Iota cf. Greek: Ɩ ɩ
ȷ Dotless J  
Small capital J Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[2]
Small capital K Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[2]
ʞ Turned K Proposed symbol for velar click. Withdrawn 1970 as articulation judged impossible
ʟ Small capital L Velar lateral approximant; voiced alveolar lateral in UPA
Ꝇ ꝇ Broken L Medieval Nordic consonant /lː/[3]
Small capital L with stroke Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[2]
Lum  
ɮ Lezh Voiced alveolar lateral fricative
Ꞁ ꞁ Turned L  
ʎ Reversed Lambda Palatal lateral approximant
Small capital M Voiceless bilabial nasal in UPA
Epigraphic letter inverted M  
Epigraphic letter archaic M  
Mum  
ɴ Small capital N Uvular nasal; voiceless alveolar nasal in UPA
И и Reversed N Voiceless velar nasal in UPA. cf. Cyrillic: И и
Num  
Ŋ ŋ Eng Northern and Skolt, Velar nasal It was used in the Zhuang language from 1957 to 1986.
Small capital O Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[2]
Sideways O Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[2]
ɶ Small capital OE Open front rounded vowel
Ɔ ɔ Open O Open-mid back rounded vowel
Small capital open O
Sideways open O Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[2]
Top half O Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[2]
Bottom half O Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[2]
Ɵ ɵ Barred O Close-mid central rounded vowel. cf. Cyrillic: Ө ө
ɷ Closed omega Rejected symbol for near-close near-back rounded vowel
Ȣ ȣ Ou A ligature of Latin o and u
Small capital Ou A back vowel of uncertain quality in UPA
Small capital P Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[2]
Epigraphic letter reversed P  
ɸ Phi Voiceless bilabial fricative. cf. Greek: Φ φ
Tailless phi UPA
ĸ Kra Nunatsiavummiut dialect of Inuktitut in Canada, formerly Kalaallisut language of Greenland. cf. Greek: Κ κ
Ꞃ ꞃ Insular R  
Ʀ ʀ Yr Uvular trill
Ꝛ ꝛ R rotunda  
Я я Ya Nonstandard symbol for epiglottal trill. cf. Cyrillic: Я я
ɹ Turned R Alveolar approximant
Turned Yr Obsolete symbol for voiceless uvular fricative
ʁ Turned Ya Voiced uvular fricative
Rum  
Small capital rum Medievalist addition
Ꝝ ꝝ Rum rotunda  
ſ Long S  
Ꞅ ꞅ Insular S  
Ƨ ƨ Reversed S (=Tone two) A letter used in the Zhuang language from 1957 to 1986 to indicate its second tone
Small capital S Medievalist addition
Ʃ ʃ Esh Voiceless postalveolar fricative. cf. Greek: Σ σ,ς
ƪ Reversed Esh loop labialized voiceless postalveolar fricative; IPA: [ʃʷ]
ʅ Squat reversed Esh apical retroflex unrounded vowel; IPA: [ʐ̩]
Ꞇ ꞇ Insular T  
Small capital T Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[2]
Tum  
ʇ Turned T Former IPA representation for tenuis dental click
Small capital U Former IPA representation for Near-close near-back vowel
Sideways U Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[2]
Sideways diaeresized U Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[2]
ɥ Turned H Labial-palatal approximant; Dan / Gio orthography in Liberia
Ɯ ɯ Sha Close back unrounded vowel; A letter used in the Zhuang language from 1957 to 1986. cf. Cyrillic:Ш ш
Small capital turned M  
Sideways turned M Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[2]
Ʊ ʊ Upsilon cf. Greek: Υ υ
Small capital V Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[2]
Ỽ ỽ Middle-Welsh V Medieval Welsh[3]
Ʌ ʌ Turned V Open-mid back unrounded vowel
Small capital W Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[2]
ʍ Turned W Voiceless labio-velar approximant
ʏ Small capital Y Near-close near-front rounded vowel
ƍ Turned delta obsolete and nonstandard symbol for Labialized voiced alveolo-dental fricative; IPA: [ðʷ, zʷ]
Small capital Z Partially devoiced alveolar fricative in UPA
Ꝣ ꝣ Visigothic Z Medieval Ibero-Romance
Ʒ ʒ Ezh Voiced postalveolar fricative; Skolt Sámi
Small capital Ezh Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[2]
Ƹ ƹ Ezh reversed  
Ȝ ȝ Yogh Middle English
Þ þ Thorn Old English, Icelandic
Ƿ ƿ Wynn Old English
Ꝩ ꝩ Vend Medieval Nordic phoneme /v/ or /u/
Ꝫ ꝫ Et  
Ꝭ ꝭ Is  
Ꝯ ꝯ Con  
Um  
Ꜫ ꜫ Tresillo Mayan ejective uvular stop /qʼ/
Ꜭ ꜭ Cuatrillo Mayan ejective velar stop /kʼ/
Ꜯ ꜯ Cuatrillo with comma Mayan ejective alveolar affricate /tsʼ/
Ƽ ƽ Tone five A letter used in the Zhuang language from 1957 to 1986 to indicate its fifth tone
Ƅ ƅ Tone six A letter used in the Zhuang language from 1957 to 1986 to indicate its sixth tone
Ɂ ɂ Glottal stop A letter for glottal stop in Canadian aboriginal orthographies, IPA for glottal stop
Ꜣ ꜣ Egyptological Alef  
Ꞌ ꞌ Saltillo Glottal stop in some orthographies in Mexico and Nigeria
Middle dot Letter representing glotal stop in the sinological tradition
ʕ Reversed glottal stop Voiced pharyngeal fricative
Voiced laryngeal spirant Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[2]
Ain Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[2]
Ꜥ ꜥ Egyptological Ain  
ʖ Inverted glottal stop  
ǀ Dental Clicks Dental clicks;
ǁ Lateral Clicks Lateral clicks;
ǃ Alveolar Clicks Alveolar clicks;
ǂ Palatal Clicks Palatal clicks;
ʗ Stretched C  
ʘ Bilabial Clicks (Bullseye) Bilabial clicks;
ʬ Bilabial percussive  
ʭ Bidental percussive  

Letters with diacritics[edit]

Letters with diacritics.

Letter Name Notes
À à A with grave Catalan, Dii, French, Galician, Italian, Mundani, Pinyin transliteration, Portuguese, Scottish Gaelic, Taos, Vietnamese, and Welsh
Á á A with acute Arin, Blackfoot, Czech, Dii, Dutch, Faroese, Galician, Hungarian, Icelandic, Irish, Lakota, Navajo, Occitan, Pana, Pinyin transliteration, Portuguese, Sámi, Scottish Gaelic, Slovak, Spanish, Vietnamese, and Welsh
 â A with circumflex Berber, French, Friulian, Frisian, Pana, Portuguese, Romanian, Turkish, Vietnamese, Walloon, and Welsh
Ầ ầ A with circumflex and grave Vietnamese
Ấ ấ A with circumflex and acute Vietnamese
Ẫ ẫ A with circumflex and tilde Vietnamese
Ẩ ẩ A with circumflex and hook above Vietnamese
à ã A with tilde Aromanian, Guaraní, Kashubian, Portuguese, Vietnamese
Ã̀ ã̀ A with tilde and grave Bribri, Gokana, and Tee
Ã́ ã́ A with tilde and acute Bribri, Tee, Tucano, Yurutí
Ã̂ ã̂ A with tilde and circumflex
Ã̌ ã̌ A with tilde and caron
Ã̍ ã̍ A with tilde and vertical line
Ã̎ ã̎ A with tilde and double vertical line
Ā ā A with macron Latvian, Lithuanian, Māori, and Samogitian
Ā̀ ā̀ A with macron and grave Kaska
Ā́ ā́ A with macron and acute Kaska
Ā̂ ā̂ A with macron and circumflex Kaska
Ā̃ ā̃ A with macron and tilde Kaska
Ā̃́ ā̃́ A with macron and tilde and acute
Ā̄ ā̄ A with macron and macron Kienning Colloquial Romanized transliteration
Ā̆ ā̆ A with macron and breve
Ā̆́ ā̆́ A with macron and breve and acute
Ā̈ ā̈ A with macron and diaeresis
Ā̊ ā̊ A with macron and ring above Avestan transliteration
Ā̌ ā̌ A with macron and caron Kaska
Ă ă A with breve Romanian, Vietnamese; cf. Cyrillic: Ӑ ӑ
Ằ ằ A with breve and grave Vietnamese
Ắ ắ A with breve and acute Vietnamese
Ẵ ẵ A with breve and tilde Vietnamese
Ẳ ẳ A with breve and hook above Vietnamese
Ȧ ȧ A with dot above Livonian
Ȧ́ ȧ́ A with dot above and acute
Ǡ ǡ A with dot above and macron  
Ä ä A with diaeresis Emiliano-Romagnolo, Estonian, Finnish, German, Luxembourgish, North Frisian, Rotuman, Sami, Saterlandic, Slovak, Tatar, Turkmen, and Ulster-Scots; cf. Cyrillic: Ӓ ӓ
Ä́ ä́ A with diaeresis and acute Tutchone
Ä̀ ä̀ A with diaeresis and grave Tutchone, Hän
Ä̂ ä̂ A with diaeresis and circumflex Hän
Ä̃ ä̃ A with diaeresis and tilde
Ǟ ǟ A with diaeresis and macron Livonian
Ǟ̆ ǟ̆ A with diaeresis and macron and breve
Ä̆ ä̆ A with diaeresis and breve
Ä̌ ä̌ A with diaeresis and caron Hän
Ả ả A with hook above Vietnamese
Å å A with ring above Chamorro, Danish, Istro-Romanian, Norwegian, Swedish, and Walloon
Ǻ ǻ A with ring above and acute  
Å̂ å̂ A with ring above and circumflex
Å̃ å̃ A with ring above and tilde
Å̄ å̄ A with ring above and macron
Å̄̆ å̄̆ A with ring above and macron and breve
Å̆ å̆ A with ring above and breve
A̋ a̋ A with double acute ISO 9, Taiwanese Romanization System
Ǎ ǎ A with caron  
A̍ a̍ A with vertical line Pe̍h-ōe-jī, Taiwanese Romanization System and other transliteraons of Chinese dialects.
A̎ a̎ A with double vertical line Pe̍h-ōe-jī, Taiwanese Romanization System and other transliteraons of Chinese dialects.
Ȁ ȁ A with double grave  
Ȃ ȃ A with inverted breve  
A̐ a̐ A with chandrabindu ALA-LC
A̓ a̓ A with comma above Heiltsuk
A̧ a̧ A with cedilla General Alphabet of Cameroon Languages: Dii, Mundani, and Pana
À̧ à̧ A with grave and cedilla Dii, Mundani
Á̧ á̧ A with acute and cedilla Dii, Pana
Â̧ â̧ A with circumflex and cedilla Pana
Ǎ̧ ǎ̧ A with caron and cedilla Mundani
A̭ a̭ A with circumflex below Juǀʼhoansi
A̰ a̰ A with tilde below Ngambay, Zarma
Á̰ á̰ A with tilde below and acute
Ä̰ ä̰ A with tilde below and diaeresis
Ä̰́ ä̰́ A with tilde below, diaeresis, and acute
Ą ą A with ogonek Chiricahua, Creek, Elfdalian, Gwich'in, Hocąk, Kashubian, Lithuanian, Mescalero, Navajo, Tutchone, and Western Apache
Ą̀ ą̀ A with grave and ogonek
Ą́ ą́ A with acute and ogonek
Ą̂ ą̂ A with circumflex and ogonek
Ą̃ ą̃ A with tilde and ogonek
Ą̄ ą̄ A with macron and ogonek
Ą̄̀ ą̄̀ A with macron, grave and ogonek
Ą̄́ ą̄́ A with macron, acute and ogonek
Ą̄̂ ą̄̂ A with macron, circumflex and ogonek
Ą̄̌ ą̄̌ A with macron, caron and ogonek
Ą̇ ą̇ A with dot above and ogonek Avestan transliteration
Ą̈ ą̈ A with diaeresis and ogonek Hän, Southern Tuchone
Ą̈̀ ą̈̀ A with diaeresis, grave and ogonek
Ą̈́ ą̈́ A with diaeresis, acute and ogonek
Ą̈̂ ą̈̂ A with diaeresis, circumflex and ogonek
Ą̈̌ ą̈̌ A with diaeresis, caron and ogonek
Ą̈̄ ą̈̄ A with diaeresis, macron and ogonek
Ą̊ ą̊ A with ring above and ogonek Elfdalian
Ą̌ ą̌ A with caron and ogonek
Ą̋ ą̋ A with double acute and ogonek
Ą̱ ą̱ A with ogonek and line below
Ą̱̀ ą̱̀ A with ogonek, line below and grave
Ą̱̀ ą̱̀ A with ogonek, line below and acute
A᷎ a᷎ A with ogonek above
A̱ a̱ A with line below Nuer
À̱ à̱ A with line below and grave
Á̱ á̱ A with line below and acute
Â̱ â̱ A with line below and circumflex
Ã̱ ã̱ A with line below and tilde
Ā̱ ā̱ A with line below and macron
Ā̱̀ ā̱̀ A with line below, macron, and grave
Ā̱́ ā̱́ A with line below, macron, and acute
Ā̱̂ ā̱̂ A with line below, macron, and circumflex
Ä̱ ä̱ A with line below and diaeresis
Ä̱̀ ä̱̀ A with line below, diaeresis and grave
Ä̱́ ä̱́ A with line below, diaeresis and acute
Ä̱̂ ä̱̂ A with line below, diaeresis and circumflex
Ä̱̌ ä̱̌ A with line below, diaeresis and caron
Å̱ å̱ A with line below and ring above
Ǎ̱ ǎ̱ A with line below and caron
A̱̥ a̱̥ A with line below and ring below
Ạ ạ A with dot below Vietnamese
Ạ́ ạ́ A with acute and dot below
Ạ̀ ạ̀ A with grave and dot below
Ậ ậ A with circumflex and dot below Vietnamese
Ạ̃ ạ̃ A with tilde and dot below
Ạ̄ ạ̄ A with macron and dot below
Ặ ặ A with breve and dot below Vietnamese
Ạ̈ ạ̈ A with diaeresis and dot below ISO 9
Ạ̈̀ ạ̈̀ A with diaeresis and grave and dot below
Ạ̈́ ạ̈́ A with diaeresis and acute and dot below
Ạ̈̂ ạ̈̂ A with diaeresis and circumflex and dot below
Ạ̈̌ ạ̈̌ A with diaeresis and caron and dot below
Ạ̌ ạ̌ A with caron and dot below
Ạ̍ ạ̍ A with vertical line and dot below
A̤ a̤ A with diaeresis below
À̤ à̤ A with diaeresis below and grave
Á̤ á̤ A with diaeresis below and acute
Â̤ â̤ A with diaeresis below and circumflex
Ä̤ ä̤ A with diaeresis below and diaeresis
Ḁ ḁ A with ring below  
Ḁ̂ ḁ̂ A with ring below and circumflex
Ḁ̈ ḁ̈ A with ring below and diaeresis
A̯ a̯ A with inverted breve below
A̩ a̩ A with vertical line below
A͔ a͔ A with left arrowhead below
Ā͔ ā͔ A with left arrowhead below and macron
Ⱥ ⱥ A with stroke Saanich
Ⱥ̀ ⱥ̀ A with stroke and grave
Ⱥ́ ⱥ́ A with stroke and acute
A with retroflex hook  
Ɑ̀ ɑ̀ Alpha with grave Medumba
Ɑ́ ɑ́ Alpha with acute Tigon
Ɑ̂ ɑ̂ Alpha with circumflex Medumba, Tigon
Ɑ̃ ɑ̃ Alpha with tilde
Ɑ̄ ɑ̄ Alpha with macron
Ɑ̆ ɑ̆ Alpha with breve
Ɑ̇ ɑ̇ Alpha with dot above
Ɑ̈ ɑ̈ Alpha with diaeresis
Ɑ̊ ɑ̊ Alpha with ring above
Ɑ̌ ɑ̌ Alpha with caron Medumba
Alpha with retroflex hook  
B́ b́ B with acute Võro; previously used in Sorbian
B̂ b̂ B with circumflex
B̃ b̃ B with tilde Yanesha'
B̄ b̄ B with macron
Ḃ ḃ B with dot above Previously used in Irish
B̈ b̈ B with diaeresis
B̕ b̕ B with comma above right
Ḇ ḇ B with line below  
Ḇ̂ ḇ̂ B with line below and circumflex
Ḅ ḅ B with dot below Ikwerre, Kalabari
B̤ b̤ B with diaeresis below
B̥ b̥ B with ring below
B̬ b̬ B with caron below
Ƀ ƀ B with stroke Jarai
B with middle tilde  
B with palatal hook  
Ɓ ɓ B with hook Voiced bilabial implosive, Balanta, Fula, Hausa, Kpelle, Maore, and Bushi
Ƃ ƃ B with topbar  
ʙ̇ Small capital B with dot above
ʙ̣ Small capital B with dot below
C̀ c̀ C with grave ISO 9
Ć ć C with acute Bosnian, Croatian, Polish, Sorbian, and Võro
Ĉ ĉ C with circumflex Esperanto
C̃ c̃ C with tilde Yanesha'
C̄ c̄ C with macron ALA-LC, ISO 9
C̄́ c̄́ C with macron and acute
C̆ c̆ C with breve ISO 9
Ċ ċ C with dot above ISO 9, Maltese; previously in Irish and Chechen
C̈ c̈ C with diaeresis ISO 9
Č č C with caron Berber, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Estonian, Lakota, Latvian, Lithuanian, Sami, Slovak, and Slovenian
Č́ č́ C with caron and acute above
Č͑ č͑ C with caron and left half ring above
Č̓ č̓ C with caron and comma above Comox
Č̕ č̕ C with caron and comma above right
Č͑ č͑ C with caron and reversed comma above
C̋ c̋ C with double acute
C̓ c̓ C with comma above Ditidaht, Haisla, Heiltsuk, Thompson
C̕ c̕ C with comma above right
C̔ c̔ C with reversed comma above
C͑ c͑ C with left half ring above
Ç ç C with cedilla Albanian, Azerbaijani, Catalan, French, Friulian, Kurdish, Ligurian, Manx, Occitan, Potuguese, Romanian, Tatar, Turkish, Turkmen, Zazaki; Voiceless palatal fricative
Ḉ ḉ C with cedilla and acute  
Ç̆ ç̆ C with cedilla and breve ISO 9
Ç̇ ç̇ C with cedilla and dot above
Ç̌ ç̌ C with cedilla and caron
C̦ c̦ C with comma below
C̭ c̭ C with circumflex below
C̱ c̱ C with line below
C̮ c̮ C with breve below
C̣ c̣ C with dot below
Ć̣ ć̣ C with dot below and acute
Č̣ č̣ C with dot below and caron
C̥ c̥ C with ring below
C̬ c̬ C with caron below
C̯ c̯ C with inverted breve below
C̨ c̨ C with ogonek
Ȼ ȼ C with stroke Kutenai, Saanich
Ȼ̓ ȼ̓ C with stroke and comma above
Ꞓ ꞓ C with bar Previously in Nanai
Ƈ ƈ C with hook Serer
ɕ C with curl Voiceless alveolo-palatal fricative
Ꜿ ꜿ Reversed C with dot  
D́ d́ D with acute Võro
D̂ d̂ D with circumflex ISO 9
D̃ d̃ D with tilde
D̄ d̄ D with macron
Ḋ ḋ D with dot above  
D̊ d̊ D with ring above
Ď ď D with caron Czech
D̑ d̑ D with inverted breve
D̓ d̓ D with comma above
D̕ d̕ D with comma above right
Ḑ ḑ D with cedilla  
D̦ d̦ D with comma below
Ḓ ḓ D with circumflex below
Ḏ ḏ D with line below  
D̮ d̮ D with breve below
Ḍ ḍ D with dot below  
Ḍ́ ḍ́ D with dot below and acute
D̤ d̤ D with diaeresis below
D̥ d̥ D with ring below
D̬ d̬ D with caron below
D̪ d̪ D with bridge below
Đ đ D with stroke Croatian; Vietnamese; Sami; Bosnian
D with middle tilde  
D with palatal hook  
Ɖ ɖ African D, D with tail Voiced retroflex plosive; Ewe
Ɗ ɗ D with hook Voiced alveolar implosive
D with hook and tail  
Ƌ ƌ D with topbar  
ȡ D with curl  
Ꝺ́ ꝺ́ Insular D with acute  
Ꝺ̇ ꝺ̇ Insular D with dot above  
ᴅ̇ Small capital D with dot above
ᴅ̣ Small capital D with dot below
Ð́ ð́ Eth with acute
Ð̣ ð̣ Eth with dot below
È è E with grave cf. Cyrillic: Ѐ ѐ, Maltese, Italian
É é E with acute  
Ê ê E with circumflex Vietnamese; Kurdish Kurmanji
Ề ề E with circumflex and grave Vietnamese
Ế ế E with circumflex and acute Vietnamese
Ễ ễ E with circumflex and tilde Vietnamese
Ê̄ ê̄ E with circumflex and macron
Ê̌ ê̌ E with circumflex and caron
Ể ể E with circumflex and hook above Vietnamese
Ẽ ẽ E with tilde Vietnamese
Ẽ̀ ẽ̀ E with tilde and grave
Ẽ́ ẽ́ E with tilde and acute
Ẽ̂ ẽ̂ E with tilde and circumflex
Ẽ̌ ẽ̌ E with tilde and caron
Ẽ̍ ẽ̍ E with tilde and vertical line
Ẽ̎ ẽ̎ E with tilde and double vertical line
Ē ē E with macron  
Ḕ ḕ E with macron and grave  
Ḗ ḗ E with macron and acute  
Ē̂ ē̂ E with macron and circumflex
Ē̃ ē̃ E with macron and tilde
Ē̃́ ē̃́ E with macron and tilde and acute
Ē̄ ē̄ E with macron and macron Kienning Colloquial Romanized transliteration
Ē̆ ē̆ E with macron and breve
Ē̆́ ē̆́ E with macron and breve and acute
Ē̌ ē̌ E with macron and caron
Ē̑ ē̑ E with macron and inverted breve
Ĕ ĕ E with breve cf. Cyrillic: Ӗ ӗ
Ĕ̀ ĕ̀ E with breve and grave
Ĕ́ ĕ́ E with breve and acute
Ĕ̄ ĕ̄ E with breve and macron
Ė ė E with dot above Lithuanian
Ė́ ė́ E with dot above and acute
Ė̃ ė̃ E with dot above and tilde
Ë ë E with diaeresis cf. Cyrillic: Ё ё
Ë̀ ë̀ E with diaeresis and grave
Ë́ ë́ E with diaeresis and acute
Ë̂ ë̂ E with diaeresis and circumflex
Ë̃ ë̃ E with diaeresis and tilde
Ë̄ ë̄ E with diaeresis and macron
Ë̌ ë̌ E with diaeresis and caron
Ẻ ẻ E with hook above Vietnamese
E̊ e̊ E with ring above
E̊̄ e̊̄ E with ring above and macron
E̋ e̋ E with double acute
Ě ě E with caron Czech
Ě́ ě́ E with caron and acute
Ě̃ ě̃ E with caron and tilde
Ě̋ ě̋ E with caron and double acute
Ě̑ ě̑ E with caron and inverted breve
E̍ e̍ E with vertical line Pe̍h-ōe-jī, Taiwanese Romanization System
E̎ e̎ E with double vertical line
Ȅ ȅ E with double grave
Ȇ ȇ E with inverted breve  
E̓ e̓ E with comma above
E᷎ e᷎ E with ogonek above
Ȩ ȩ E with cedilla  
Ȩ̀ ȩ̀ E with grave and cedilla
Ȩ́ ȩ́ E with acute and cedilla
Ȩ̂ ȩ̂ E with circumflex and cedilla
Ḝ ḝ E with breve and cedilla  
Ȩ̌ ȩ̌ E with caron and cedilla
Ẽ̦ ẽ̦ E with comma below and tilde
Ę ę E with ogonek Polish, Kashubian, Lithuanian
Ę̀ ę̀ E with grave and ogonek
Ę́ ę́ E with acute and ogonek
Ę̂ ę̂ E with circumflex and ogonek
Ę̃ ę̃ E with tilde and ogonek
Ę̃́ ę̃́ E with tilde and acute and ogonek
Ę̄ ę̄ E with macron and ogonek
Ę̄̀ ę̄̀ E with macron, grave and ogonek
Ę̄́ ę̄́ E with macron, acute and ogonek
Ę̄̂ ę̄̂ E with macron, circumflex and ogonek
Ę̄̃ ę̄̃ E with macron, tilde and ogonek
Ę̄̌ ę̄̌ E with macron, caron and ogonek
Ę̆ ę̆ E with breve and ogonek
Ę̇ ę̇ E with dot above and ogonek
Ę̇́ ę̇́ E with dot above, acute and ogonek
Ę̈ ę̈ E with diaeresis and ogonek
Ę̈̀ ę̈̀ E with diaeresis, grave and ogonek
Ę̈́ ę̈́ E with diaeresis, acute and ogonek
Ę̈̂ ę̈̂ E with diaeresis, circumflex and ogonek
Ę̈̌ ę̈̌ E with diaeresis, caron and ogonek
Ę̈̄ ę̈̄ E with diaeresis, macron and ogonek
Ę̋ ę̋ E with double acute and ogonek
Ę̌ ę̌ E with caron and ogonek
Ę̑ ę̑ E with inverted breve and ogonek
Ę̱ ę̱ E with ogonek and line below
Ę̱̀ ę̱̀ E with ogonek, line below, and grave
Ę̱́ ę̱́ E with ogonek, line below, and acute
Ę̣ ę̣ E with ogonek and dot below
Ę᷎ ę᷎ E with ogonek above and ogonek
Ȩ ȩ E with cedilla
Ḝ ḝ E with breve and cedilla
Ḙ ḙ E with circumflex below  
Ḛ ḛ E with tilde below  
E̱ e̱ E with line below
È̱ è̱ E with grave and line below
É̱ é̱ E with acute and line below
Ê̱ ê̱ E with circumflex and line below
Ẽ̱ ẽ̱ E with tilde and line below
Ē̱ ē̱ E with macron and line below
Ḕ̱ ḕ̱ E with macron, grave and line below
Ḗ̱ ḗ̱ E with macron, acute and line below
Ē̱̂ ē̱̂ E with macron, circumflex and line below
Ë̱ ë̱ E with diaeresis and line below
Ë̱̀ ë̱̀ E with diaeresis, grave, and line below
Ë̱́ ë̱́ E with diaeresis, acute, and line below
Ë̱̂ ë̱̂ E with diaeresis, circumflex, and line below
Ë̱̌ ë̱̌ E with diaeresis, caron, and line below
Ě̱ ě̱ E with caron and line below
E̮ e̮ E with breve below
Ē̮ ē̮ E with breve below and macron
Ẹ ẹ E with dot below Vietnamese
Ẹ̀ ẹ̀ E with grave and dot below
Ẹ́ ẹ́ E with acute and dot below
Ệ ệ E with circumflex and dot below Vietnamese
Ẹ̃ ẹ̃ E with tilde and dot below
Ẹ̄ ẹ̄ E with macron and dot below
Ẹ̄̀ ẹ̄̀ E with macron and grave and dot below
Ẹ̄́ ẹ̄́ E with macron and acute and dot below
Ẹ̄̃ ẹ̄̃ E with macron and tilde and dot below
Ẹ̆ ẹ̆ E with breve and dot below
Ẹ̆̀ ẹ̆̀ E with breve and grave and dot below
Ẹ̆́ ẹ̆́ E with breve and acute and dot below
Ẹ̈ ẹ̈ E with diaeresis and dot below
Ẹ̈̀ ẹ̈̀ E with diaeresis, grave, and dot below
Ẹ̈́ ẹ̈́ E with diaeresis, acute, and dot below
Ẹ̈̂ ẹ̈̂ E with diaeresis, circumflex, and dot below
Ẹ̈̌ ẹ̈̌ E with diaeresis, caron, and dot below
Ẹ̍ ẹ̍ E with vertical line and dot below
Ẹ̌ ẹ̌ E with caron and dot below
Ẹ̑ ẹ̑ E with inverted breve and dot below
E̤ e̤ E with diaeresis below
È̤ è̤ E with diaeresis below and grave
É̤ é̤ E with diaeresis below and acute
Ê̤ ê̤ E with diaeresis below and circumflex
Ë̤ ë̤ E with diaeresis below and diaeresis
E̥ e̥ E with ring below
E̯ e̯ E with inverted breve below
E̩ e̩ E with vertical line below
È͕ è͕ E with right arrowhead below and grave
Ê͕ ê͕ E with right arrowhead below and circumflex
Ẽ͕ ẽ͕ E with right arrowhead below and tilde
Ē͕ ē͕ E with right arrowhead below and macron
Ḕ͕ ḕ͕ E with right arrowhead below and macron and grave
E̜ e̜ E with left half ring below
E̹ e̹ E with right half ring below
È̹ è̹ E with right half ring below and grave
É̹ é̹ E with right half ring below and acute
Ê̹ ê̹ E with right half ring below and circumflex
Ẽ̹ ẽ̹ E with right half ring below and tilde
Ē̹ ē̹ E with right half ring below and macron
Ḕ̹ ḕ̹ E with right half ring below and macron and grave
Ɇ ɇ E with stroke  
E with retroflex hook  
E with notch UPA
Schwa with retroflex hook  
Open E with retroflex hook  
ɚ Schwa with hook  
Reversed open E with retroflex hook  
ɝ Reversed open E with hook (Reversed Epsilon hook)  
F̀ f̀ F with grave ISO 9
F́ f́ F with acute Võro
F̄ f̄ F with macron
Ḟ ḟ F with dot above  
F̓ f̓ F with comma above
F̧ f̧ F with cedilla
F with middle tilde  
F with palatal hook  
Ƒ ƒ F with hook (Script F)  
F̱ f̱ F with line below
F̣ f̣ F with dot below
ꜰ̇ Small capital F
Ꝼ́ ꝼ́ Insular F with acute
Ꝼ̇ ꝼ̇ Insular F with dot above
Ꝼ̣ ꝼ̣ Insular F with dot below
G̀ g̀ G with grave ISO 9
Ǵ ǵ G with acute  
Ǵ̄ ǵ̄ G with acute and macron
Ĝ ĝ G with circumflex Esperanto
G̃ g̃ G with tilde Pre-1936 Tagalog letter; ng
G̃́ g̃́ G with tilde and acute
Ḡ ḡ G with macron  
Ḡ́ ḡ́ G with macron and acute
Ğ ğ G with breve  
Ġ ġ G with dot above Maltese
G̈ g̈ G with diaeresis ALA-LC romanization of Sindhi
G̈̇ g̈̇ G with three dots above/diaeresis and dot above ALA-LC romanization of Sindhi
G̊ g̊ G with ring above
G̋ g̋ G with double acute
Ǧ ǧ G with caron  
Ǧ̈ ǧ̈ G with caron and diaeresis
G̑ g̑ G with inverted breve
G̒ g̒ G with turned comma above
G̓ g̓ G with comma above
G̕ g̕ G with comma above right
G̔ g̔ G with reversed comma above
Ģ ģ G with cedilla Latvian
G̦ g̦ G with comma below
G̱ g̱ G with line below
G̱̓ g̱̓ G with line below and comma above
G̮ g̮ G with breve below
G̣ g̣ G with dot below Eyak
G̤ g̤ G with diaeresis below
G̥ g̥ G with ring below
G̫ g̫ G with inverted double arch below
Ꞡ ꞡ G with oblique stroke Pre-1921 Latvian letter
Ǥ ǥ G with stroke  
G with palatal hook  
Ɠ ɠ G with hook Voiced velar implosive
ɢ̇ Small capital G with dot above
ɢ̣ Small capital G with dot below
ʛ Small capital G with hook Voiced uvular implosive
Ɣ̓ ɣ̓ Gamma with comma above Thompson
H̀ h̀ H with grave
H́ h́ H with acute Võro
Ĥ ĥ H with circumflex Esperanto
H̄ h̄ H with macron ISO 11940
Ḣ ḣ H with dot above
Ḧ ḧ H with diaeresis  
Ȟ ȟ H with caron  
H̐ h̐ H with chandrabindu
H̓ h̓ H with comma above Heiltsuk
H̕ h̕ H with comma above right
Ḩ ḩ H with cedilla  
H̨ h̨ H with ogonek
H̭ h̭ H with circumflex below
H̱ ẖ H with line below  
Ḫ ḫ H with breve below  
Ḥ ḥ H with dot below  
Ḥ̣ ḥ̣ H with colon below
H̤ h̤ H with diaeresis below
H̥ h̥ H with ring below
H̬ h̬ H with caron below
H̯ h̯ H with inverted breve below
Ħ ħ H with stroke Voiceless pharyngeal fricative; Maltese
Ħ̥ ħ̥ H with stroke and ring below
Ɦ ɦ H with hook Voiced glottal fricative; Dagaare, Massa
Ⱨ ⱨ H with descender Uyghur. c.f. Cyrillic: Ҙ ҙ
H with retroflex hook
ʜ̇ Small capital H
Ꜧ ꜧ Heng Juhuri
ɧ Heng with hook Voiceless palatal-velar fricative
Ì ì I with grave Maltese, Italian
Í í I with acute  
Î î I with circumflex Romanian
Î́ î́ I with circumflex and acute
Ĩ ĩ I with tilde  
Ĩ́ ĩ́ I with tilde and acute
Ĩ̀ ĩ̀ I with tilde and grave
Ĩ̂ ĩ̂ I with tilde and circumflex
Ĩ̌ ĩ̌ I with tilde and caron
Ĩ̍ ĩ̍ I with tilde and vertical line
Ī ī I with macron  
Ī́ ī́ I with macron and acute
Ī̀ ī̀ I with macron and grave
Ī̂ ī̂ I with macron and circumflex
Ī̌ ī̌ I with macron and caron
Ī̃ ī̃ I with macron and tilde
Ī̄ ī̄ I with macron and macron Kienning Colloquial Romanized transliteration
Ī̆ ī̆ I with macron and breve
Ī̆́ ī̆́ I with macron and breve and acute
Ĭ ĭ I with breve  
Ĭ̀ ĭ̀ I with breve and grave
Ĭ́ ĭ́ I with breve and acute
İ i I (uppercase) with dot above Turkish, Azerbaijani
I ı I (lowercase, i.e. ı) without dot above Turkish, Azerbaijani
İ́ i̇́ I with dot above and acute
Ï ï I with diaeresis  
Ï̀ ï̀ I with diaeresis and grave
Ḯ ḯ I with diaeresis and acute
Ï̂ ï̂ I with diaeresis and circumflex
Ï̃ ï̃ I with diaeresis and tilde
Ï̄ ï̄ I with diaeresis and macron
Ï̌ ï̌ I with diaeresis and caron
Ï̑ ï̑ I with diaeresis and inverted breve
I̊ i̊ I with ring above
I̋ i̋ I with double acute
Ǐ ǐ I with caron  
Ỉ ỉ I with hook above Vietnamese
Ȉ ȉ I with double grave  
Ȋ ȋ I with inverted breve  
I᷎ i᷎ I with ogonek above
Į į I with ogonek Lithuanian
Į̀ į̀ I with ogonek and grave
Į́ į́ į̇́ I with ogonek and acute
Į̂ į̂ I with ogonek and circumflex
Į̃ į̃ į̇̃ I with ogonek and tilde
Į̄ į̄ I with ogonek and macron
Į̄̀ į̄̀ I with ogonek, macron, and grave
Į̄́ į̄́ I with ogonek, macron, and acute
Į̄̂ į̄̂ I with ogonek, macron, and circumflex
Į̄̆ į̄̆ I with ogonek, macron, and breve
Į̄̌ į̄̌ I with ogonek, macron, and caron
Į̈ į̈ I with ogonek and diaeresis
Į̈̀ į̈̀ I with ogonek, diaeresis, and grave
Į̈́ į̈́ I with ogonek, diaeresis, and acute
Į̈̂ į̈̂ I with ogonek, diaeresis, and circumflex
Į̈̌ į̈̌ I with ogonek, diaeresis, and caron
Į̈̄ į̈̄ I with ogonek, diaeresis, and macron
Į̋ į̋ I with ogonek and double acute
Į̌ į̌ I with ogonek and caron
Į̱ į̱ I with ogonek and line below
Į̱́ į̱́ I with ogonek, line below, and acute
Į̱̀ į̱̀ I with ogonek, line below, and grave
I̍ i̍ I with vertical line Pe̍h-oē-jī, Taiwanese Romanization System and other romanizations of Chinese dialects
I̐ i̐ I with chandrabindu ALA-LC Romanization
I̓ i̓ I with comma above Heiltsuk
I̧ i̧ I with cedilla
Í̧ í̧ I with cedilla and acute
Ì̧ ì̧ I with cedilla and grave
Î̧ î̧ I with cedilla and circumflex
I̭ i̭ I with circumflex below
Ī̭ ī̭ I with circumflex below and macron
Ḭ ḭ I with tilde below  
Ḭ́ ḭ́ I with tilde below and acute  
Ḭ̈ ḭ̈ I with tilde below and diaeresis  
Ḭ̈́ ḭ̈́ I with tilde below, diaeresis, and acute  
I̱ i̱ I with line below
Í̱ í̱ I with line below and acute
Ì̱ ì̱ I with line below and grave
Î̱ î̱ I with line below and circumflex
Ǐ̱ ǐ̱ I with line below and caron
Ĩ̱ ĩ̱ I with line below and tilde
Ï̱ ï̱ I with line below and diaeresis
Ḯ̱ ḯ̱ I with line below, diaeresis, and acute
Ï̱̀ ï̱̀ I with line below, diaeresis, and grave
Ï̱̂ ï̱̂ I with line below, diaeresis, and circumflex
Ï̱̌ ï̱̌ I with line below, diaeresis, and caron
Ī̱ ī̱ I with line below and macron
Ī̱́ ī̱́ I with line below, macron, and acute
Ī̱̀ ī̱̀ I with line below, macron, and grave
Ī̱̂ ī̱̂ I with line below, macron, and circumflex
I̮ i̮ I with breve below
Ị ị I with dot below Vietnamese
Ị̀ ị̀ I with dot below and grave
Ị́ ị́ I with dot below and acute
Ị̂ ị̂ I with dot below and circumflex
Ị̃ ị̃ I with dot below and tilde
Ị̄ ị̄ I with dot below and macron
Ị̈ ị̈ I with dot below and diaeresis
Ị̈̀ ị̈̀ I with dot below, diaeresis, and grave
Ị̈́ ị̈́ I with dot below, diaeresis, and acute
Ị̈̂ ị̈̂ I with dot below, diaeresis, and circumflex
Ị̈̌ ị̈̌ I with dot below, diaeresis, and caron
Ị̌ ị̌ I with dot below and caron
Ị̍ ị̍ I with dot below and vertical line
I̤ i̤ I with diaeresis below
Ì̤ ì̤ I with diaeresis below and grave
Í̤ í̤ I with diaeresis below and acute
Î̤ î̤ I with diaeresis below and circumflex
Ï̤ ï̤ I with diaeresis below and diaeresis
I̥ i̥ I with ring below
Í̥ í̥ I with ring below and acute
Ï̥ ï̥ I with ring below and diaeresis
I̯ i̯ I with inverted breve below
Í̯ í̯ I with inverted breve below and acute
Ĩ̯ ĩ̯ I with inverted breve below and tilde
I͔ i͔ I with left arrowhead below
Ī͔ ī͔ I with left arrowhead below and macron
Ɨ ɨ I with stroke Close central unrounded vowel; General Alphabet of Cameroon languages
Ɨ̀ ɨ̀ I with stroke and grave
Ɨ́ ɨ́ I with stroke and acute
Ɨ̂ ɨ̂ I with stroke and circumflex
Ɨ̌ ɨ̌ I with stroke and caron
Ɨ̃ ɨ̃ I with stroke and tilde
Ɨ̄ ɨ̄ I with stroke and macron
Ɨ̈ ɨ̈ I with stroke and diaeresis
Ɨ̧ ɨ̧ I with stroke and cedilla
Ɨ̧̀ ɨ̧̀ I with stroke, cedilla and grave
Ɨ̧̂ ɨ̧̂ I with stroke, cedilla, and circumflex
Ɨ̧̌ ɨ̧̌ I with stroke, cedilla and caron
Ɨ̱ ɨ̱ I with stroke and line below
Ɨ̱̀ ɨ̱̀ I with stroke, line below, and grave
Ɨ̱́ ɨ̱́ I with stroke, line below, and acute
Ɨ̱̂ ɨ̱̂ I with stroke, line below, and circumflex
Ɨ̱̈ ɨ̱̈ I with stroke, line below, and diaeresis
Ɨ̱̌ ɨ̱̌ I with stroke, line below, and caron
Ɨ̯ ɨ̯ I with stroke and inverted breve below
I with retroflex hook  
Ɩ̀ ɩ̀ Iota with grave
Ɩ́ ɩ́ Iota with acute
Ɩ̃ ɩ̃ Iota with tilde
Iota with stroke  
J́ j́ J with acute ISO 9
Ĵ ĵ J with circumflex Esperanto
J̃ j̃ j̇̃ J with tilde
J̄ j̄ J with macron
J with dot above
J̈ j̈ J with diaeresis
J̈̇ j̈̇ J with three dots above/diaeresis and dot above
J̊ j̊ J with ring above
J̋ j̋ J with double acute
J̌ ǰ J with caron  
J̌́ ǰ́ J with caron and acute
J̓ j̓ J with comma above
J᷎ j᷎ J with ogonek above
J̱ j̱ J with line below
J̣ j̣ J with dot below
J̣̌ ǰ̣ J with dot below and caron
J̥ j̥ J with ring below
Ɉ ɉ J with stroke  
Ɉ̱ ɉ̱ J with stroke and line below  
ʝ J with crossed-tail Voiced palatal fricative
ȷ Dotless J
ɟ Dotless J with stroke Voiced palatal plosive
ʄ Dotless J with stroke and hook Voiced palatal implosive
K̀ k̀ K with grave ISO 9
Ḱ ḱ K with acute  
K̂ k̂ K with circumflex
K̃ k̃ K with tilde
K̄ k̄ K with macron
K̆ k̆ K with breve
K̇ k̇ K with dot above
K̈ k̈ K with diaeresis
Ǩ ǩ K with caron  
K̑ k̑ K with inverted breve
K̓ k̓ K with comma above
K̕ k̕ K with comma above right
K̔ k̔ K with reversed comma above
K͑ k͑ K with left half ring above
Ķ ķ K with cedilla  
K̦ k̦ K with comma below
K̨ k̨ K with ogonek
Ḵ ḵ K with line below  
Ḵ̓ ḵ̓ K with line below and comma above
Ḳ ḳ K with dot below  
K̮ k̮ K with breve below
K̥ k̥ K with ring below
K̬ k̬ K with caron below
K̫ k̫ K with inverted double arch below
K with palatal hook  
Ƙ ƙ K with hook  
Ⱪ ⱪ K with descender Uyghur. c.f. Cyrillic: Қ қ
Ꝁ ꝁ K with stroke Medieval abbreviations[3]
Ꝃ ꝃ K with diagonal stroke Medieval abbreviations[3]
Ꝅ ꝅ K with stroke and diagonal stroke Medieval abbreviations[3]
Ꞣ ꞣ K with oblique stroke Pre-1921 Latvian letter
ᴋ̇ Small capital K with dot above
L̀ l̀ L with grave
Ĺ ĺ L with acute  
L̂ l̂ L with circumflex ISO 9
L̃ l̃ L with tilde
L̄ l̄ L with macron
L̇ l̇ L with dot above
L̈ l̈ L with diaeresis
L̋ l̋ L with double acute
Ľ ľ L with caron  
L̐ l̐ L with chandrabindu Transliteration
L̑ l̑ L with inverted breve
L̓ l̓ L with comma above Heiltsuk, Thompson
L̕ l̕ L with comma above right
Ļ ļ L with cedilla Marshallese
Ļ̂ ļ̂ L with cedilla and circumflex
Ļ̃ ļ̃ L with cedilla and tilde
L̦ l̦ L with comma below Nenets in the 1930s
Ḽ ḽ L with circumflex below  
Ḻ ḻ L with line below  
Ḻ̓ ḻ̓ L with comma above and line below
L̮ l̮ L with breve below
Ḷ ḷ L with dot below  
Ḷ̀ ḷ̀ L with grave and dot below
Ḷ́ ḷ́ L with acute and dot below
Ḹ ḹ L with dot below and macron  
Ḹ́ ḹ́ L with dot below and macron and acute
Ḹ̆ ḹ̆ L with dot below and macron and breve
Ḷ̓ ḷ̓ L with comma above and dot below
Ḷ̕ ḷ̕ L with comma above right and dot below
Ḷ̣ ḷ̣ L with colon below
L̤ l̤ L with diaeresis below
L̤̄ l̤̄ L with diaeresis below and macron
L̥ l̥ L with ring below
L̥̀ l̥̀ L with ring below and grave
Ĺ̥ ĺ̥ L with ring below and acute
L̥̄ l̥̄ L with ring below and macron
L̥̄́ l̥̄́ L with ring below and macron and acute
L̥̄̆ l̥̄̆ L with ring below and macron and breve
L̥̕ l̥̕ L with ring below and comma above right
L̩ l̩ L with vertical line below
L̯ l̯ L with inverted breve below
Ł ł L with stroke Polish, Kashubian, Sorbian, Navaho
Ł̇ ł̇ L with stroke and dot above
Ł̓ ł̓ L with stroke and comma above
Ł̣ ł̣ L with stroke and dot below
Ł̱ ł̱ L with stroke and line below
Ꝉ ꝉ L with high stroke Medieval abbreviations[3]
Ƚ ƚ L with bar  
Ⱡ ⱡ L with double bar  
Ɫ ɫ L with middle tilde Velarized alveolar lateral approximant
ɬ L with belt Voiceless alveolar lateral fricative
L with palatal hook  
ɭ L with retroflex hook Retroflex lateral approximant
L with retroflex hook and belt Voiceless retroflex lateral fricative in Toda
ȴ L with curl  
ʟ̇ Small capital L with dot above
ʟ̣ Small capital L with dot below
ƛ Lambda with stroke  
ƛ̓ Lambda with stroke and comma above
λ̴ Lambda with middle tilde Heiltsuk
λ̴̓ Lambda with middle tilde and comma above Heiltsuk
M̀ m̀ M with grave Pinyin transliteration and other transliterations of Chinese dialects
Ḿ ḿ M with acute Pinyin transliteration and other transliterations of Chinese dialects
M̂ m̂ M with circumflex Pe̍h-ōe-jī, Taiwanese Romanization System and other transliterations of Chinese dialects
M̃ m̃ M with tilde
M̄ m̄ M with macron Pinyin, Pe̍h-ōe-jī, Taiwanese Romanization System and other transliterations of Chinese dialects
M̆ m̆ M with breve
Ṁ ṁ M with dot above  
Ṁ̇ ṁ̇ M with colon above
M̈ m̈ M with diaeresis
M̋ m̋ M with double acute
M̍ m̍ M with vertical line Pe̍h-ōe-jī, Taiwanese Romanization System and other transliterations of Chinese dialects.
M̌ m̌ M with caron
M̐ m̐ M with chandrabindu
M̑ m̑ M with inverted breve
M̓ m̓ M with comma above
M̕̕ m̕ M with comma above right
M͑ m͑ M with left half ring above
M with middle tilde  
M̧ m̧ M with cedilla
M̨ m̨ M with ogonek
M̦ m̦ M with comma below
M̱ m̱ M with line below
Ḿ̱ ḿ̱ M with line below and acute
M̮ m̮ M with breve below
Ṃ ṃ M with dot below
Ṃ́ ṃ́ M with acute and dot below
Ṃ̄ ṃ̄ M with macron and dot below
Ṃ̓ ṃ̓ M with comma above and dot below
M̥ m̥ M with ring below
Ḿ̥ ḿ̥ M with ring below and acute
M̥̄ m̥̄ M with ring below and macron
M̥̄́ m̥̄́ M with ring below and macron and acute
M̥̄̆ m̥̄̆ M with ring below and macron and breve
M̬ m̬ M with caron below
M̩ m̩ M with vertical line below
M̯ m̯ M with inverted breve below
M with palatal hook  
M with retroflex hook
Ɱ ɱ M with hook Labiodental nasal
ᴍ̇ Small capital M with dot above
ᴍ̣ Small capital M with dot below
Ǹ ǹ N with grave Pe̍h-ōe-jī, Taiwanese Romanization System and other transliterations of Chinese dialects
Ń ń N with acute Polish, Kashubian, Pe̍h-ōe-jī, Taiwanese Romanization System and other transliterations of Chinese dialects
N̂ n̂ N with circumflex ISO 9, Pe̍h-ōe-jī, Taiwanese Romanization System and other transliterations of Chinese dialects
Ñ ñ N with tilde  
Ñ̈ ñ̈ N with tilde and diaeresis
N̄ n̄ N with macron Pe̍h-ōe-jī, Taiwanese Romanization System and other transliterations of Chinese dialects
N̆ n̆ N with breve
Ṅ ṅ N with dot above  
Ṅ̇ ṅ̇ N with colon above
N̈ n̈ N with diaeresis Malagasy
N̋ n̋ N with double acute Malagasy
Ň ň N with caron Czech, Slovak
N̐ n̐ N with chandrabindu
N̑ n̑ N with inverted breve
N̍ n̍ N with vertical line Pe̍h-ōe-jī, Taiwanese Romanization System and other transliterations of Chinese dialects.
N̓ n̓ N with comma above
N̕ n̕ N with comma above right
Ꞥ ꞥ N with oblique stroke Pre-1921 Latvian letter
N with middle tilde  
Ņ ņ N with cedilla  
Ņ̂ ņ̂ N with cedilla and circumflex
Ņ̃ ņ̃ N with cedilla and tilde
N̦ n̦ N with comma below
N̨ n̨ N with ogonek
Ṋ ṋ N with circumflex below  
N̰ n̰ N with tilde below
Ṉ ṉ N with line below  
Ṉ́ ṉ́ N with line below and acute
N̮ n̮ N with breve below
Ṇ ṇ N with dot below used in phonetic Sanskrit transliteration  
Ṇ́ ṇ́ N with acute and dot below
Ṇ̄ ṇ̄ N with macron and dot below
Ṇ̄́ ṇ̄́ N with macron and acute and dot below
Ṇ̓ ṇ̓ N with comma above and dot below
N̤ n̤ N with diaeresis below
N̥ n̥ N with ring below
Ǹ̥ ǹ̥ N with ring below and grave
Ń̥ ń̥ N with ring below and acute
Ñ̥ ñ̥ N with ring below and tilde
Ñ̥́ ñ̥́ N with ring below and tilde and acute
N̥̄ n̥̄ N with ring below and macron
N̥̄́ n̥̄́ N with ring below and macron and acute
N̥̄̆ n̥̄̆ N with ring below and macron and breve
N̥̄̑ n̥̄̑ N with ring below and macron and inverted breve
Ṅ̥ ṅ̥ N with ring below and dot above
N̥̑ n̥̑ N with ring below and inverted breve
N̥̑́ n̥̑́ N with ring below and inverted breve and acute
N̥̑̄ n̥̑̄ N with ring below and inverted breve and macron
N̯ n̯ N with inverted breve below
N̩ n̩ N with vertical line below
N̲ n̲ N with underline
Ɲ ɲ N with left hook Palatal nasal
Ƞ ƞ N with long right leg  
Ꞑ ꞑ N with descender Jaꞑalif letter for Tatar
N with palatal hook  
ɳ N with retroflex hook Retroflex nasal
ȵ N with curl  
ɴ̇ Small capital N with dot above
ɴ̣ Small capital N with dot below
Ò ò O with grave Maltese, Italian, Pinyin transliteration, Pe̍h-ōe-jī, Taiwanese Romanization System and other transliterations of Chinese dialects
Ó ó O with acute Polish, Pinyin transliteration, Pe̍h-ōe-jī, Taiwanese Romanization System and other transliterations of Chinese dialects
Ô ô O with circumflex Slovak; Vietnamese; Kashubian, Pe̍h-ōe-jī, Taiwanese Romanization System and other transliterations of Chinese dialects
Ố ố O with circumflex and acute Vietnamese
Ồ ồ O with circumflex and grave Vietnamese
Ỗ ỗ O with circumflex and tilde Vietnamese
Ổ ổ O with circumflex and hook above Vietnamese
Õ õ O with tilde  
Õ̍ õ̍ O with tilde and vertical line
Õ̀ õ̀ O with tilde and grave
Ṍ ṍ O with tilde and acute  
Õ̂ õ̂ O with tilde and circumflex
Õ̌ õ̌ O with tilde and caron
Ṏ ṏ O with tilde and diaeresis  
Ȭ ȭ O with tilde and macron  
Ō ō O with macron Pre-1946 Latvian letter, still sometimes used in some non-standard orthographies
Ṓ ṓ O with macron and acute  
Ṑ ṑ O with macron and grave  
Ō̂ ō̂ O with macron and circumflex
Ō̃ ō̃ O with macron and tilde
Ō̃́ ō̃́ O with macron and tilde and acute
Ō̄ ō̄ O with macron and macron Kienning Colloquial Romanized transliteration
Ō̆ ō̆ O with macron and breve
Ō̈ ō̈ O with macron and diaeresis
Ō̌ ō̌ O with macron and caron
Ŏ ŏ O with breve Foochow Romanized
Ŏ̀ ŏ̀ O with breve and grave
Ŏ́ ŏ́ O with breve and acute
Ŏ̈ ŏ̈ O with breve and diaeresis
Ȯ ȯ O with dot above  
Ȯ́ ȯ́ O with dot above and acute
Ȱ ȱ O with dot above and macron  
O͘ o͘ O with dot above right Pe̍h-ōe-jī
Ó͘ ó͘ O with dot above right and acute Pe̍h-ōe-jī
Ò͘ ò͘ O with dot above right and grave Pe̍h-ōe-jī
Ō͘ ō͘ O with dot above right and macron Pe̍h-ōe-jī
O̍͘ o̍͘ O with dot above and vertical line Pe̍h-ōe-jī
Ö ö O with diaeresis Emiliano-Romagnolo, Estonian, Finnish, German, Luxembourgish, North Frisian, Rotuman, Sami, Saterlandic, Slovak, Tatar, Turkmen, and Ulster-Scots; cf. Cyrillic: Ӧ ӧ
Ö́ ö́ O with diaeresis and acute
Ö̀ ö̀ O with diaeresis and grave
Ö̂ ö̂ O with diaeresis and circumflex
Ö̌ ö̌ O with diaeresis and caron
Ö̃ ö̃ O with diaeresis and tilde
Ȫ ȫ O with diaeresis and macron  
Ȫ̆ ȫ̆ O with diaeresis and macron and breve
Ö̆ ö̆ O with diaeresis and breve
Ỏ ỏ O with hook above Vietnamese
O̊ o̊ O with ring above
Ő ő O with double acute Hungarian
Ǒ ǒ O with caron Pinyin transliteration
O̐ o̐ O with chandrabindu
Ȍ ȍ O with double grave  
Ȏ ȏ O with inverted breve  
Ø ø O with stroke Close-mid front rounded vowel
Ø̀ ø̀ O with stroke and grave
Ǿ ǿ O with stroke and acute  
Ø̂ ø̂ O with stroke and circumflex
Ø̃ ø̃ O with stroke and tilde
Ø̄ ø̄ O with stroke and macron
Ø̄́ ø̄́ O with stroke, macron, and acute
Ø̄̆ ø̄̆ O with stroke, macron, and breve
Ø̆ ø̆ O with stroke and breve
Ø̇ ø̇ O with stroke and dot above
Ø̇́ ø̇́ O with stroke, dot above, and acute
Ø̈ ø̈ O with stroke and diaeresis
Ø̋ ø̋ O with stroke and double acute
Ø̌ ø̌ O with stroke and caron
Ø᷎ ø᷎ O with stroke and ogonek above
Ø̨ ø̨ O with stroke and ogonek
Ǿ̨ ǿ̨ O with stroke, ogonek, and acute
Ø̨̄ ø̨̄ O with stroke, ogonek, and macron
Ø̣ ø̣ O with stroke and dot below
Ø̥ ø̥ O with stroke and ring below
Ø̰ ø̰ O with stroke and tilde below
Ǿ̰ ǿ̰ O with stroke, tilde below, and acute
Ɵ ɵ O with bar
Ꝋ ꝋ O with long stroke overlay
Ơ ơ O with horn Vietnamese
Ớ ớ O with horn and acute Vietnamese
Ờ ờ O with horn and grave Vietnamese
Ỡ ỡ O with horn and tilde Vietnamese
Ở ở O with horn and hook above Vietnamese
O̍ o̍ O with vertical line Pe̍h-ōe-jī, Taiwanese Romanization System
O̓ o̓ O with comma above
O᷎ o᷎ O with ogonek above
Ó᷎ ó᷎ O with ogonek above and acute
O̧ o̧ O with cedilla
Ó̧ ó̧ O with acute and cedilla
Ò̧ ò̧ O with grave and cedilla
Ô̧ ô̧ O with circumflex and cedilla
Ǒ̧ ǒ̧ O with caron and cedilla
Ǫ ǫ O with ogonek  
Ǫ̀ ǫ̀ O with grave and ogonek
Ǫ́ ǫ́ O with acute and ogonek
Ǫ̂ ǫ̂ O with circumflex and ogonek
Ǫ̃ ǫ̃ O with tilde and ogonek
Ǭ ǭ O with macron and ogonek  
Ǭ̀ ǭ̀ O with macron, grave and ogonek
Ǭ́ ǭ́ O with macron, acute and ogonek
Ǭ̂ ǭ̂ O with macron, circumflex and ogonek
Ǭ̃ ǭ̃ O with macron, tilde and ogonek
Ǭ̆ ǭ̆ O with macron, breve and ogonek
Ǭ̌ ǭ̌ O with macron, caron and ogonek
Ǫ̆ ǫ̆ O with breve and ogonek
Ǫ̇ ǫ̇ O with dot above and ogonek
Ǫ̇́ ǫ̇́ O with dot above, acute, and ogonek
Ǫ̈ ǫ̈ O with diaeresis and ogonek
Ǫ̈̀ ǫ̈̀ O with diaeresis, grave, and ogonek
Ǫ̈́ ǫ̈́ O with diaeresis, acute, and ogonek
Ǫ̈̂ ǫ̈̂ O with diaeresis, circumflex, and ogonek
Ǫ̈̄ ǫ̈̄ O with diaeresis, macron, and ogonek
Ǫ̈̌ ǫ̈̌ O with diaeresis, caron, and ogonek
Ǫ̋ ǫ̋ O with double acute and ogonek
Ǫ̌ ǫ̌ O with caron and ogonek
Ǫ̑ ǫ̑ O with inverted breve and ogonek
Ǫ̣ ǫ̣ O with ogonek and dot below
Ǫ̱ ǫ̱ O with ogonek and line below
Ǫ̱́ ǫ̱́ O with ogonek, line below, and acute
Ǫ̱̀ ǫ̱̀ O with ogonek, line below, and grave
Ǫ᷎ ǫ᷎ O with ogonek above and ogonek  
O̭ o̭ O with circumflex below
O̰ o̰ O with tilde below
Ó̰ ó̰ O with tilde below and acute
O̱ o̱ O with line below
Ò̱ ò̱ O with grave and line below
Ó̱ ó̱ O with acute and line below
Ô̱ ô̱ O with circumflex and line below
Ǒ̱ ǒ̱ O with caron and line below
Õ̱ õ̱ O with tilde and line below
Ō̱ ō̱ O with macron and line below
Ṓ̱ ṓ̱ O with macron, acute, and line below
Ṑ̱ ṑ̱ O with macron, grave, and line below
Ō̱̂ ō̱̂ O with macron, circumflex, and line below
Ö̱ ö̱ O with diaeresis and line below
Ö̱́ ö̱́ O with diaeresis, acute, and line below
Ö̱̀ ö̱̀ O with diaeresis, grave, and line below
Ö̱̂ ö̱̂ O with diaeresis, circumflex, and line below
Ö̱̌ ö̱̌ O with diaeresis, caron, and line below
O̮ o̮ O with breve below
Ọ ọ O with dot below Vietnamese, Yoruba
Ọ̀ ọ̀ O with grave and dot below
Ọ́ ọ́ O with acute and dot below
Ộ ộ O with circumflex and dot below Vietnamese
Ọ̃ ọ̃ O with tilde and dot below
Ọ̄ ọ̄ O with macron and dot below
Ọ̄̀ ọ̄̀ O with macron and grave and dot below
Ọ̄́ ọ̄́ O with macron and acute and dot below
Ọ̄̃ ọ̄̃ O with macron and tilde and dot below
Ọ̄̆ ọ̄̆ O with macron and breve and dot below
Ọ̈ ọ̈ O with diaeresis and dot below
Ọ̈̀ ọ̈̀ O with diaeresis, grave, and dot below
Ọ̈́ ọ̈́ O with diaeresis, acute, and dot below
Ọ̈̂ ọ̈̂ O with diaeresis, circumflex, and dot below
Ọ̈̄ ọ̈̄ O with diaeresis, macron, and dot below
Ọ̈̌ ọ̈̌ O with diaeresis, caron, and dot below
Ọ̌ ọ̌ O with caron and dot below
Ọ̑ ọ̑ O with inverted breve and dot below
Ợ ợ O with horn and dot below Vietnamese
Ọ ọ O with vertical line and dot below
O̤ o̤ O with diaeresis below
Ò̤ ò̤ O with diaeresis below and grave
Ó̤ ó̤ O with diaeresis below and acute
Ô̤ ô̤ O with diaeresis below and circumflex
Ö̤ ö̤ O with diaeresis below and diaeresis
O̥ o̥ O with ring below
Ō̥ ō̥ O with ring below and macron
O̬ o̬ O with caron below
O̯ o̯ O with inverted breve below
Õ͔ õ͔ O with left arrowhead below and tilde
Ō͔ ō͔ O with left arrowhead below and macron
O̜ o̜ O with left half ring below
O̹ o̹ O with right half ring below
Ó̹ ó̹ O with right half ring below and acute
O̲ o̲ O with underline
Sideways O with stroke  
Open O with retroflex hook  
Ꝍ ꝍ O with loop Medieval Nordic vowel /ǫ/, /øː/, and /ey/[3]
O with low ring inside UPA
Ꝋ ꝋ O with long stroke overlay  
Ɔ́ ɔ́ Open O with acute
Ɔ̀ ɔ̀ Open O with grave
Ɔ̂ ɔ̂ Open O with circumflex
Ɔ̌ ɔ̌ Open O with caron
Ɔ̄ ɔ̄ Open O with macron
Ɔ̃ ɔ̃ Open O with tilde
Ɔ̃́ ɔ̃́ Open O with tilde and acute
Ɔ̃̀ ɔ̃̀ Open O with tilde and grave
Ɔ̃̂ ɔ̃̂ Open O with tilde and circumflex
Ɔ̃̌ ɔ̃̌ Open O with tilde and caron
Ɔ̃̍ ɔ̃̍ Open O with tilde and vertical line
Ɔ̄ ɔ̄ Open O with macron
Ɔ̆ ɔ̆ Open O with breve
Ɔ̈ ɔ̈ Open O with diaeresis
Ɔ̈̀ ɔ̈̀ Open O with diaeresis and grave
Ɔ̈́ ɔ̈́ Open O with diaeresis and acute
Ɔ̈̂ ɔ̈̂ Open O with diaeresis and circumflex
Ɔ̈̌ ɔ̈̌ Open O with diaeresis and caron
Ɔ̍ ɔ̍ Open O with vertical line
Ɔ̇ ɔ̇ Open O with dot above
Ɔ̣ ɔ̣ Open O with dot below
Ɔ̣̀ ɔ̣̀ Open O with dot below and grave
Ɔ̣́ ɔ̣́ Open O with dot below and acute
Ɔ̣̂ ɔ̣̂ Open O with dot below and circumflex
Ɔ̣̌ ɔ̣̌ Open O with dot below and caron
Ɔ̣̈ ɔ̣̈ Open O with dot below and diaeresis
Ɔ̣̈̀ ɔ̣̈̀ Open O with dot below, diaeresis, and grave
Ɔ̣̈́ ɔ̣̈́ Open O with dot below, diaeresis, and acute
Ɔ̣̈̂ ɔ̣̈̂ Open O with dot below, diaeresis, and circumflex
Ɔ̣̈̌ ɔ̣̈̌ Open O with dot below, diaeresis, and caron
Ɔ̣̃ ɔ̣̃ Open O with dot below and tilde
Ɔ̤ ɔ̤ Open O with diaeresis below
Ɔ̤̀ ɔ̤̀ Open O with diaeresis below and grave
Ɔ̤́ ɔ̤́ Open O with diaeresis below and acute
Ɔ̤̂ ɔ̤̂ Open O with diaeresis below and circumflex
Ɔ̤̈ ɔ̤̈ Open O with diaeresis below and diaeresis
Ɔ̱ ɔ̱ Open O with line below
Ɔ̱̀ ɔ̱̀ Open O with line below and grave
Ɔ̱́ ɔ̱́ Open O with line below and acute
Ɔ̱̂ ɔ̱̂ Open O with line below and circumflex
Ɔ̱̌ ɔ̱̌ Open O with line below and caron
Ɔ̱̃ ɔ̱̃ Open O with line below and tilde
Ɔ̱̈ ɔ̱̈ Open O with line below and diaeresis
Ɔ̱̈̀ ɔ̱̈̀ Open O with line below, diaeresis, and grave
Ɔ̱̈́ ɔ̱̈́ Open O with line below, diaeresis, and acute
Ɔ̧ ɔ̧ Open O with cedilla
Ɔ̧́ ɔ̧́ Open O with acute and cedilla
Ɔ̧̀ ɔ̧̀ Open O with grave and cedilla
Ɔ̧̂ ɔ̧̂ Open O with circumflex and cedilla
Ɔ̧̌ ɔ̧̌ Open O with caron and cedilla
Ɔ̨ ɔ̨ Open O with ogonek
Ɔ̨́ ɔ̨́ Open O with ogonek and acute
Ɔ̨̀ ɔ̨̀ Open O with ogonek and grave
Ɔ̨̂ ɔ̨̂ Open O with ogonek and circumflex
Ɔ̨̌ ɔ̨̌ Open O with ogonek and caron
Ɔ̨̄ ɔ̨̄ Open O with ogonek and macron
Ɔ̨̆ ɔ̨̆ Open O with ogonek and breve
Ɔ̨̈ ɔ̨̈ Open O with ogonek and diaeresis
Ɔ̱ ɔ̱ Open O with tilde below
P̀ p̀ P with grave ISO 9
Ṕ ṕ P with acute  
P̃ p̃ P with tilde
P̄ p̄ P with macron
P̆ p̆ P with breve
Ṗ ṗ P with dot above  
P̈ p̈ P with diaeresis
P̋ p̋ P with double acute
P̑ p̑ P with inverted breve
P̓ p̓ P with comma above
P̕ p̕ P with comma above right
P̔ p̔ P with reversed comma above
P͑ p͑ P with left half ring above
P̱ p̱ P with line below
P̣ p̣ P with dot below
P̤ p̤ P with diaeresis below
P̬ p̬ P with caron below
Ᵽ ᵽ P with stroke Medieval abbreviations[3]
Ꝑ ꝑ P with stroke through descender  
P with middle tilde  
P with palatal hook  
Ƥ ƥ P with hook  
Ꝓ ꝓ P with flourish Medieval abbreviations[3]
Ꝕ ꝕ P with squirrel tail Medieval abbreviations[3]
ᴘ̇ Small capital P with dot above
Q́ q́ Q with acute
Q̃ q̃ Q with tilde
Q̄ q̄ Q with macron
Q̇ q̇ Q with dot above
Q̈ q̈ Q with diaeresis
Q̋ q̋ Q with double acute
Q̓ q̓ Q with comma above
Q̕ q̕ Q with comma above right
Q̧ q̧ Q with cedilla
Q̣ q̣ Q with dot below
Q̣̇ q̣̇ Q with dot below and dot above
Q̣̈ q̣̈ Q with dot below and diaeresis
Q̱ q̱ Q with line below
Ꝗ ꝗ Q with stroke through descender Medieval abbreviations[3]
Ꝗ̃ ꝗ̃ Q with stroke through descender and tilde
Ꝙ ꝙ Q with diagonal stroke Medieval abbreviations[3]
ʠ Q with hook  
Ɋ ɋ Q with hook tail  
R̀ r̀ R with grave
Ŕ ŕ R with acute Slovak
R̂ r̂ R with circumflex
R̃ r̃ R with tilde
R̄ r̄ R with macron
R̆ r̆ R with breve  
Ṙ ṙ R with dot above  
R̋ r̋ R with double acute
Ř ř R with caron Czech
R̍ r̍ R with vertical line
Ȑ ȑ R with double grave  
Ȓ ȓ R with inverted breve  
R̓ r̓ R with comma above
R̕ r̕ R with comma above right
Ŗ ŗ R with cedilla Pre-1946 Latvian letter, still sometimes used in some non-standard orthographies
R̦ r̦ R with comma below
R̨ r̨ R with ogonek
R̨̄ r̨̄ R with ogonek and macron
Ꞧ ꞧ R with oblique stroke Pre-1921 Latvian letter
R̭ r̭ R with circumflex below
Ṟ ṟ R with line below  
Ṛ ṛ R with dot below  
Ṛ̀ ṛ̀ R with dot below and grave
Ṛ́ ṛ́ R with dot below and acute
Ṝ ṝ R with dot below and macron  
Ṝ́ ṝ́ R with dot below and macron and acute
Ṝ̃ ṝ̃ R with dot below and macron and tilde
Ṝ̆ ṝ̆ R with dot below and macron and breve
R̤ r̤ R with diaeresis below
R̥ r̥ R with ring below
R̥̀ r̥̀ R with ring below and grave
Ŕ̥ ŕ̥ R with ring below and acute
R̥̂ r̥̂ R with ring below and circumflex
R̥̃ r̥̃ R with ring below and tilde
R̥̄ r̥̄ R with ring below and macron
R̥̄́ r̥̄́ R with ring below and macron and acute
R̥̄̆ r̥̄̆ R with ring below and macron and breve
Ř̥ ř̥ R with ring below and caron
R̬ r̬ R with caron below
R̩ r̩ R with vertical line below
R̯ r̯ R with inverted breve below
Ɍ ɍ R with stroke  
R with middle tilde  
ɺ Turned R with long leg Alveolar lateral flap
R with palatal hook  
ɻ Turned R with hook Retroflex approximant
Turned R with tail UPA
ɼ R with long leg  
Ɽ ɽ R with tail Retroflex flap
ɾ R with fishhook Alveolar flap
R with fishhook and middle tilde  
ɿ Reversed R with fishhook  
ʀ̇ Small capital R with dot above
ʀ̣ Small capital R with dot below
Ꝛ́ ꝛ́ R rotunda with acute
Ꝛ̣ ꝛ̣ R rotunda with dot below
S̀ s̀ S with grave
Ś ś S with acute Polish, Sanskrit transliteration
Ś̀ ś̀ S with acute and grave
Ś ś S with acute and comma above right
Ṥ ṥ S with acute and dot above  
Ŝ ŝ S with circumflex Esperanto
S̃ s̃ S with tilde
S̄ s̄ S with macron
S̆ s̆ S with breve
Ṡ ṡ S with dot above  
Ṡ̃ ṡ̃ S with dot above and tilde
S̈ s̈ S with diaeresis
S̋ s̋ S with double acute
Š š S with caron Czech, Slovak, Croatian, Slovenian, Sorbian, Lithuanian, Latvian, Estonian, Bosnian
Š̀ š̀ S with caron and grave
Š́ š́ S with caron and acute
Ṧ ṧ S with caron and dot above  
Š̓ š̓ S with caron and comma above
S̑ s̑ S with inverted breve
S̓ s̓ S with comma above
S̕ s̕ S with comma above right
Ş ş S with cedilla  
Ș ș S with comma below Romanian, cf. comma-below versus cedilla
S̨ s̨ S with ogonek
Š̨ š̨ S with ogonek and caron
Ꞩ ꞩ S with oblique stroke Pre-1921 Latvian letter; pre-1950 Lower Sorbian letter
S̱ s̱ S with line below
Ś̱ ś̱ S with line below and acute
S̮ s̮ S with breve below
Ṣ ṣ S with dot below  
Ṣ́ ṣ́ S with dot below and acute
Ṣ̄ ṣ̄ S with dot below and macron
Ṩ ṩ S with dot below and dot above  
Ṣ̌ ṣ̌ S with dot below and caron
Ṣ̕ ṣ̕ S with dot below and comma above right
Ṣ̱ ṣ̱ S with dot below and line below
S̤ s̤ S with diaeresis below
Š̤ š̤ S with diaeresis below and caron
S̥ s̥ S with ring below
Ś̥ ś̥ S with ring below and acute
S̬ s̬ S with caron below
S̪ s̪ S with bridge below
ꜱ̇ Small capital S with dot above
ꜱ̣ Small capital S with dot below
ſ́ Long s with acute
Long s with dot above  
ſ̣ Long s with dot below
ẞ ᵴ S with middle tilde  
S with palatal hook  
ʂ S with hook Voiceless retroflex fricative
Ȿ ȿ S with swash tail Shona
Long S with diagonal stroke Pre-1921 Latvian letter; pre-1950 Lower Sorbian letter
Long S with high stroke  
Esh with palatal hook  
Esh with retroflex hook  
ʆ Esh with curl  
T̀ t̀ T with grave
T́ t́ T with acute
T̃ t̃ T with tilde
T̄ t̄ T with macron
T̆ t̆ T with breve
T̆̀ t̆̀ T with breve and grave
Ṫ ṫ T with dot above  
T̈ ẗ T with diaeresis  
Ť ť T with caron  
T̑ t̑ T with inverted breve
T̓ t̓ T with comma above
T̕ t̕ T with comma above right
T̔ t̔ T with reversed comma above
T͑ t͑ T with left half ring above
Ţ ţ T with cedilla  
Ț ț T with comma below Romanian
T̨ t̨ T with ogonek
T̗ t̗ T with acute below
Ṱ ṱ T with circumflex below  
T̰ t̰ T with tilde below
Ṯ ṯ T with line below  
T̮ t̮ T with breve below
Ṭ ṭ T with dot below  
Ṭ́ ṭ́ T with dot below and acute
T̤ t̤ T with diaeresis below
T̥ t̥ T with ring below
T̬ t̬ T with caron below
T̯ t̯ T with inverted breve below
T̪ t̪ T with bridge below
ƾ Inverted glottal stop with stroke  
Ŧ ŧ T with stroke  
Ⱦ ⱦ T with diagonal stroke  
T with middle tilde  
ƫ T with palatal hook  
Ƭ ƭ T with hook  
Ʈ ʈ T with retroflex hook Voiceless retroflex plosive
ȶ T with curl  
ᴛ̇ Small capital T with dot above
ᴛ̣ Small capital T with dot below
Ù ù U with grave Maltese, Italian
Ú ú U with acute  
Û û U with circumflex  
Ũ ũ U with tilde  
Ũ̀ ũ̀ U with tilde and grave
Ṹ ṹ U with tilde and acute  
Ũ̂ ũ̂ U with tilde and circumflex
Ũ̊ ũ̊ U with tilde and ring above
Ũ̌ ũ̌ U with tilde and caron
Ũ̍ ũ̍ U with tilde and vertical line
Ū ū U with macron cf. Cyrillic: Ӯ ӯ
Ū̀ ū̀ U with macron and grave
Ū́ ū́ U with macron and acute
Ū̂ ū̂ U with macron and circumflex
Ū̌ ū̌ U with macron and caron
Ū̃ ū̃ U with macron and tilde
Ū̄ ū̄ U with macron and macron Kienning Colloquial Romanized transliteration
Ū̆ ū̆ U with macron and breve
Ū̆́ ū̆́ U with macron and breve and acute
Ṻ ṻ U with macron and diaeresis  
Ŭ ŭ U with breve cf. Cyrillic: Ў ў
Ŭ̀ ŭ̀ U with breve and grave
Ŭ́ ŭ́ U with breve and acute
U̇ u̇ U with dot above
U̇́ u̇́ U with dot above and acute
U̇̄ u̇̄ U with dot above and macron
Ü ü U with diaeresis Emiliano-Romagnolo, Estonian, Finnish, German, Luxembourgish, North Frisian, Rotuman, Sami, Saterlandic, Slovak, Tatar, Turkmen, and Ulster-Scots, Hanyu Pinyin; cf. Cyrillic: Ӱ ӱ
Ǜ ǜ U with diaeresis and grave Fourth tone for yu in Hanyu Pinyin
Ǘ ǘ U with diaeresis and acute Second tone for yu in Hanyu Pinyin
Ü̂ ü̂ U with diaeresis and circumflex
Ü̃ ü̃ U with diaeresis and tilde
Ǖ ǖ U with diaeresis and macron First tone for yu in Hanyu Pinyin
Ǖ̆ ǖ̆ U with diaeresis and macron and breve
Ü̆ ü̆ U with diaeresis and breve
Ǚ ǚ U with diaeresis and caron Third tone for yu in Hanyu Pinyin
Ủ ủ U with hook above Vietnamese
Ů ů U with ring above  
Ů́ ů́ U with ring above and acute
Ů̃ ů̃ U with ring above and tilde
Ű ű U with double acute cf. Cyrillic: Ӳ ӳ, Hungarian
Ǔ ǔ U with caron  
U̍ u̍ U with vertical line Pe̍h-ōe-jī, Taiwanese Romanization System and other transliterations of Chinese dialects
Ȕ ȕ U with double grave  
Ȗ ȗ U with inverted breve  
U̓ u̓ U with comma above
U᷎ u᷎ U with ogonek above
Ủ ủ U with hook above Vietnamese
Ư ư U with horn Vietnamese
Ứ ứ U with horn and acute Vietnamese
Ừ ừ U with horn and grave Vietnamese
Ữ ữ U with horn and tilde Vietnamese
Ử ử U with horn and hook above Vietnamese
Ự ự U with horn and dot below Vietnamese
U̧ u̧ U with cedilla
Ú̧ ú̧ U with acute and cedilla
Ù̧ ù̧ U with grave and cedilla
Û̧ û̧ U with circumflex and cedilla
Ǔ̧ ǔ̧ U with caron and cedilla
Ų ų U with ogonek  
Ų̀ ų̀ U with ogonek and grave
Ų́ ų́ U with ogonek and acute
Ų̂ ų̂ U with ogonek and circumflex
Ų̌ ų̌ U with ogonek and caron
Ų̄ ų̄ U with ogonek and macron
Ų̄́ ų̄́ U with ogonek, macron, and acute
Ų̄̀ ų̄̀ U with ogonek, macron, and grave
Ų̄̂ ų̄̂ U with ogonek, macron, and circumflex
Ų̄̌ ų̄̌ U with ogonek, macron, and caron
Ų̈ ų̈ U with ogonek and diaeresis
Ų̈́ ų̈́ U with ogonek, diaeresis, and acute
Ų̈̀ ų̈̀ U with ogonek, diaeresis, and grave
Ų̈̂ ų̈̂ U with ogonek, diaeresis, and circumflex
Ų̈̌ ų̈̌ U with ogonek, diaeresis, and caron
Ų̈̄ ų̈̄ U with ogonek, diaeresis, and macron
Ų̋ ų̋ U with ogonek and double acute
Ų̱ ų̱ U with ogonek and line below
Ų̱́ ų̱́ U with ogonek, line below, and acute
Ų̱̀ ų̱̀ U with ogonek, line below, and grave
Ṷ ṷ U with circumflex below  
Ṵ ṵ U with tilde below  
Ṵ́ ṵ́ U with tilde below and acute
Ṵ̈ ṵ̈ U with tilde below and diaeresis
U̱ u̱ U with line below
Ù̱ ù̱ U with line below and grave
Ú̱ ú̱ U with line below and acute
Û̱ û̱ U with line below and circumflex
Ũ̱ ũ̱ U with line below and tilde
Ū̱ ū̱ U with line below and macron
Ū̱́ ū̱́ U with line below, macron, and acute
Ū̱̀ ū̱̀ U with line below, macron, and grave
Ū̱̂ ū̱̂ U with line below, macron, and circumflex
Ü̱ ü̱ U with line below and diaeresis
Ǘ̱ ǘ̱ U with line below, diaeresis, and acute
Ǜ̱ ǜ̱ U with line below, diaeresis, and grave
Ü̱̂ ü̱̂ U with line below, diaeresis, and circumflex
Ǚ̱ ǚ̱ U with line below, diaeresis, and caron
Ǔ̱ ǔ̱ U with line below and caron
Ụ ụ U with dot below Vietnamese
Ụ̀ ụ̀ U with dot below and grave
Ụ́ ụ́ U with dot below and acute
Ụ̂ ụ̂ U with dot below and circumflex
Ụ̃ ụ̃ U with dot below and tilde
Ụ̄ ụ̄ U with dot below and macron
Ụ̈ ụ̈ U with dot below and diaeresis
Ụ̈̀ ụ̈̀ U with dot below, diaeresis, and grave
Ụ̈́ ụ̈́ U with dot below, diaeresis, and acute
Ụ̈̂ ụ̈̂ U with dot below, diaeresis, and circumflex
Ụ̈̌ ụ̈̌ U with dot below, diaeresis, and caron
Ụ̌ ụ̌ U with dot below and caron
Ụ̍ ụ̍ U with dot below and vertical line
Ṳ ṳ U with diaeresis below  
Ṳ̀ ṳ̀ U with diaeresis below and grave
Ṳ́ ṳ́ U with diaeresis below and acute
Ṳ̂ ṳ̂ U with diaeresis below and circumflex
Ṳ̈ ṳ̈ U with diaeresis below and diaeresis
U̥ u̥ U with ring below
Ü̥ ü̥ U with ring below and diaeresis
U̯ u̯ U with inverted breve below
Ũ̯ ũ̯ U with inverted breve below and tilde
Ü̯ ü̯ U with inverted breve below and diaeresis
U͔ u͔ U with left arrowhead below
Ũ͔ ũ͔ U with left arrowhead below and tilde
Ū͔ ū͔ U with left arrowhead below and macron
Ʉ ʉ U bar Close central rounded vowel
Ʉ̀ ʉ̀ U bar with grave
Ʉ́ ʉ́ U bar with acute
Ʉ̂ ʉ̂ U bar with circumflex
Ʉ̃ ʉ̃ U bar with tilde
Ʉ̄ ʉ̄ U bar with macron
Ʉ̈ ʉ̈ U bar with diaeresis
Ʉ̌ ʉ̌ U bar with caron
Ʉ̧ ʉ̧ U bar with cedilla
Ʉ̰ ʉ̰ U bar with tilde below
Ʉ̰́ ʉ̰́ U bar with tilde below and acute
Ʉ̱ ʉ̱ U bar with line below
Ʉ̱́ ʉ̱́ U bar with line below and acute
Ʉ̱̀ ʉ̱̀ U bar with line below and grave
Ʉ̱̂ ʉ̱̂ U bar with line below and circumflex
Ʉ̱̈ ʉ̱̈ U bar with line below and diaeresis
Ʉ̱̌ ʉ̱̌
Ʉ̥ ʉ̥ U bar with ring below
Small capital U with stroke  
U with retroflex hook  
ʮ Turned H with fishhook  
ʯ Turned H with fishhook and tail  
ɰ Turned M with long leg Velar approximant
ᵿ Upsilon with stroke  
V̀ v̀ V with grave
V́ v́ V with acute
V̂ v̂ V with circumflex
Ṽ ṽ V with tilde  
Ṽ̀ ṽ̀ V with tilde and grave
Ṽ́ ṽ́ V with tilde and acute
Ṽ̂ ṽ̂ V with tilde and circumflex
Ṽ̌ ṽ̌ V with tilde and caron
V̄ v̄ V with macron
V̄̀ v̄̀ V with macron and grave
V̄́ v̄́ V with macron and acute
V̄̂ v̄̂ V with macron and circumflex
V̄̃ v̄̃ V with macron and tilde
V̄̄ v̄̄ V with macron and macron
V̄̆ v̄̆ V with macron and breve
V̄̌ v̄̌ V with macron and caron
V̆ v̆ V with breve
V̆́ v̆́ V with breve and acute
V̇ v̇ V with dot above
V̈ v̈ V with diaeresis
V̈̀ v̈̀ V with diaeresis and grave
V̈́ v̈́ V with diaeresis and acute
V̈̂ v̈̂ V with diaeresis and circumflex
V̈̄ v̈̄ V with diaeresis and macron
V̈̌ v̈̌ V with diaeresis and caron
V̊ v̊ V with ring above
V̋ v̋ V with double acute
V̌ v̌ V with caron
V̍ v̍ V with vertical line
V̏ v̏ V with double grave
V̐ v̐ V with chandrabindu
V̓ v̓ V with comma above
V̧ v̧ V with cedilla
V̨ v̨ V with ogonek
V̨̀ v̨̀ V with ogonek and grave
V̨́ v̨́ V with ogonek and acute
V̨̂ v̨̂ V with ogonek and circumflex
V̨̌ v̨̌ V with ogonek and caron
V̨̄ v̨̄ V with ogonek and macron
V̨̄́ v̨̄́ V with ogonek, macron, and acute
V̨̄̀ v̨̄̀ V with ogonek, macron, and grave
V̨̄̂ v̨̄̂ V with ogonek, macron, and circumflex
V̨̄̌ v̨̄̌ V with ogonek, macron, and caron
V̨̈ v̨̈ V with ogonek and diaeresis
V̨̈́ v̨̈́ V with ogonek, diaeresis, and acute
V̨̈̀ v̨̈̀ V with ogonek, diaeresis, and grave
V̨̈̂ v̨̈̂ V with ogonek, diaeresis, and circumflex
V̨̈̌ v̨̈̌ V with ogonek, diaeresis, and caron
V̨̈̄ v̨̈̄ V with ogonek, diaeresis, and macron
V̨̋ v̨̋ V with ogonek and double acute
V̨̱ v̨̱ V with ogonek and line below
V̨̱́ v̨̱́ V with ogonek, line below, and acute
V̨̱̀ v̨̱̀ V with ogonek, line below, and grave
V̨̱̂ v̨̱̂ V with ogonek, line below, and circumflex
V̨̱̌ v̨̱̌ V with ogonek, line below, and caron
V̱ v̱ V with line below
V̱̀ v̱̀ V with line below and grave
V̱́ v̱́ V with line below and acute
V̱̂ v̱̂ V with line below and circumflex
V̱̌ v̱̌ V with line below and caron
Ṽ̱ ṽ̱ V with line below and tilde
V̱̈ v̱̈ V with line below and diaeresis
V̱̈́ v̱̈́ V with line below, diaeresis, and acute
V̱̈̀ v̱̈̀ V with line below, diaeresis, and grave
V̱̈̂ v̱̈̂ V with line below, diaeresis, and circumflex
V̱̈̌ v̱̈̌ V with line below, diaeresis, and caron
Ṿ ṿ V with dot below
V̥ v̥ V with ring below
Ꝟ ꝟ V with diagonal stroke Medieval abbreviations[3]
V with palatal hook  
Ʋ ʋ V with hook (Script V) Labiodental approximant
V with right hook Labiodental flap
V with curl  
Ꝩ́ ꝩ́ Vend with acute
Ꝩ̇ ꝩ̇ Vend with dot above
Ꝩ̣ ꝩ̣ Vend with dot below
Ẁ ẁ W with grave  
Ẃ ẃ W with acute  
Ŵ ŵ W with circumflex  
W̃ w̃ W with tilde
W̄ w̄ W with macron
W̆ w̆ W with breve
Ẇ ẇ W with dot above  
Ẅ ẅ W with diaeresis  
W̊ ẘ W with ring above  
W̋ w̋ W with double acute
W̌ w̌ W with caron
W̍ w̍ W with vertical line
W̓ w̓ W with comma above
W̱ w̱ W with line below
Ẉ ẉ W with dot below  
W̥ w̥ W with ring below
W̬ w̬ W with caron below
Ⱳ ⱳ W with hook  
X̀ x̀ X with grave
X́ x́ X with acute
X̂ x̂ X with circumflex
X̃ x̃ X with tilde
X̄ x̄ X with macron
X̆ x̆ X with breve
X̆́ x̆́ X with breve and acute
Ẋ ẋ X with dot above  
Ẍ ẍ X with diaeresis  
X̊ x̊ X with ring above
X̌ x̌ X with caron
X̓ x̓ X with comma above
X̕ x̕ X with comma above right
X̱ x̱ X with line below
X̱̓ x̱̓ X with line below and comma above
X̣ x̣ X with dot below
X̣̓ x̣̓ X with dot below and comma above
X̥ x̥ X with ring below
X with palatal hook  
Ỳ ỳ Y with grave Vietnamese
Ý ý Y with acute  
Ŷ ŷ Y with circumflex  
Ỹ ỹ Y with tilde  
Ȳ ȳ Y with macron  
Ȳ̀ ȳ̀ Y with macron and grave
Ȳ́ ȳ́ Y with macron and acute
Ȳ̃ ȳ̃ Y with macron and tilde
Ȳ̆ ȳ̆ Y with macron and breve
Y̆ y̆ Y with breve
Y̆̀ y̆̀ Y with breve and grave
Y̆́ y̆́ Y with breve and acute
Ẏ ẏ Y with dot above  
Ẏ́ ẏ́ Y with dot above and acute
Ÿ ÿ Y with diaeresis  
Ÿ́ ÿ́ Y with diaeresis and acute
Y̊ ẙ Y with ring above  
Y̋ y̋ Y with double acute
Y̌ y̌ Y with caron
Y̍ y̍ Y with vertical line
Y̐ y̐ Y with chandrabindu
Y̓ y̓ Y with comma above
Ỷ ỷ Y with hook above  
Y᷎ y᷎ Y with ogonek above
Y̱ y̱ Y with line below
Ỵ ỵ Y with dot below  
Ỵ̣ ỵ̣ Y with colon below
Y̥ y̥ Y with ring below
Y̯ y̯ Y with inverted breve below
Ɏ ɏ Y with stroke  
Ƴ ƴ Y with hook  
Ỿ ỿ Y with loop Medieval Welsh[3]
Z̀ z̀ Z with grave
Ź ź Z with acute Polish
Ẑ ẑ Z with circumflex  
Z̃ z̃ Z with tilde
Z̄ z̄ Z with macron
Ż ż Z with dot above Polish, Maltese
Z̈ z̈ Z with diaeresis
Z̋ z̋ Z with double acute
Ž ž Z with caron Czech, Slovak, Croatian, Slovenian, Lithuanian, Latvian, Bosnian
Ž́ ž́ Z with caron and acute
Ž̏ ž̏ Z with caron and double grave
Z̑ z̑ Z with inverted breve
Z̓ z̓ Z with comma above
Z̕ z̕ Z with comma above right
Z̨ z̨ Z with ogonek
Z̗ z̗ Z with acute below
Ẕ ẕ Z with line below  
Z̮ z̮ Z with breve below
Ẓ ẓ Z with dot below  
Ẓ́ ẓ́ Z with dot below and acute
Ẓ̌ ẓ̌ Z with dot below and caron
Ẓ̣ ẓ̣ Z with colon below
Z̤ z̤ Z with diaeresis below
Z̥ z̥ Z with ring below
Ƶ ƶ Z with stroke  
Z with middle tilde  
Z with palatal hook  
Ȥ ȥ Z with hook  
ʐ Z with retroflex hook Voiced retroflex fricative
ʑ Z with curl Voiced alveolo-palatal fricative
Ɀ ɀ Z with swash tail Shona
Ⱬ ⱬ Z with descender Uyghur. c.f. Cyrillic: Ҙ ҙ
Ʒ́ ʒ́ Ezh with acute
Ʒ̇ ʒ̇ Ezh with dot above
Ǯ ǯ Ezh with caron  
Ǯ́ ǯ́ Ezh with caron and acute
Ʒ̥ ʒ̥ Ezh with ring below
Ezh with retroflex hook  
ƺ Ezh with tail  
ʓ Ezh with curl  
Þ́ þ́ Thorn with acute
Þ̣ þ̣ Thorn with dot below
Ꝥ ꝥ Thorn with stroke Medieval abbreviations[3]
Ꝧ ꝧ Thorn with stroke through descender Medieval abbreviations[3]
ƻ Two with stroke  
Ꜯ ꜯ Cuatrillo with comma Mayan glottalized alveolar affricate /tsˀ/
ʡ Glottal stop with stroke Epiglottal plosive
ʢ Reversed glottal stop with stroke Voiced epiglottal fricative

Ligatures and digraphs[edit]

Ligatures and digraphs.

Letter Name Notes
Ꜳ ꜳ AA Medieval Nordic vowel /aː/[3]
Ꜳ́ ꜳ́ AA with acute
Ꜳ̋ ꜳ̋ AA double acute
Ꜳ̇ ꜳ̇ AA with dot above
Ꜳ̈ ꜳ̈ AA with diaeresis
Ꜳ̣ ꜳ̣ AA with dot below
Æ æ AE Ash, Aesc, Near-open front unrounded vowel. cf. Cyrillic: Ӕ ӕ
Æ̀ æ̀ AE with grave
Ǽ ǽ AE with acute
Æ̂ æ̂ AE with circumflex
Æ̌ æ̌ AE with caron
Æ̃ æ̃ AE with tilde
Æ̃́ æ̃́ AE with tilde and acute
Æ̃̀ æ̃̀ AE with tilde and grave
Æ̃̂ æ̃̂ AE with tilde and circumflex
Æ̃̌ æ̃̌ AE with tilde and caron
Ǣ ǣ AE with macron
Ǣ́ ǣ́ AE with macron and acute
Ǣ̂ ǣ̂ AE with macron and circumflex
Ǣ̃ ǣ̃ AE with macron and tilde
Ǣ̆ ǣ̆ AE with macron and breve
Æ̆ æ̆ AE with breve
Æ̇ æ̇ AE with dot above
Æ̈ æ̈ AE with diaeresis
Æ̈̀ æ̈̀ AE with diaeresis and grave
Æ̈́ æ̈́ AE with diaeresis and acute
Æ̈̂ æ̈̂ AE with diaeresis and circumflex
Æ̈̌ æ̈̌ AE with diaeresis and caron
Æ̊ æ̊ AE with ring
Æ̋ æ̋ AE with double acute
Æ᷎ æ᷎ AE with ogonek above
Æ̨ æ̨ AE with ogonek
Æ̨̀ æ̨̀ AE with grave and ogonek
Ǽ̨ ǽ̨ AE with acute and ogonek
Æ̨̂ æ̨̂ AE with circumflex and ogonek
Æ̨̈ æ̨̈ AE with diaeresis and ogonek
Ǣ̨ ǣ̨ AE with macron and ogonek
Æ̨̌ æ̨̌ AE with caron and ogonek
Æ̨̱ æ̨̱ AE with ogonek and line below
Æ̱ æ̱ AE with line below
Æ̱̃ æ̱̃ AE with line below and tilde
Æ̱̈ æ̱̈ AE with line below and diaeresis
Æ̣ æ̣ AE with dot below
Æ͔̃ æ͔̃ AE with left arrowhead below and tilde
Small capital AE  
Turned AE  
Ꜵ ꜵ AO Medieval Nordic vowel /ǫ/
Ꜵ́ ꜵ́ AO with acute
Ꜵ̋ ꜵ̋ AO with double acute
Ꜵ̣ ꜵ̣ AO with dot below
Ꜷ ꜷ AU Medieval Nordic vowel /au/, /ǫ/, /ø/, and /øː/
Ꜷ́ ꜷ́ AU with acute
Ꜷ̣ ꜷ̣ AU with dot below
Ꜹ ꜹ AV Medieval Nordic vowel /au/, /ǫ/, /ø/, and /øː/
Ꜻ ꜻ AV with horizontal bar Medieval Nordic vowel /ǫ/, /ø/, /øː/, and /ęː/
Ꜹ́ ꜹ́ AV with acute
Ꜹ̋ ꜹ̋ AV with double acute
Ꜹ̨ ꜹ̨ AV with ogonek
Ꜹ̣ ꜹ̣ AV with dot below
Ꜻ́ ꜻ́ AV with horizontal bar and acute
Ꜽ ꜽ AY Medieval Nordic vowel /ǫ/, /øː/, and /ey/
Ꜽ̇ ꜽ̇ AY with dot above
Ꜽ̣ ꜽ̣ AY with dot below
ȸ DB digraph Nonstandard symbol for voiced labiodental plosive
DZ Dz dz DZ  
ʣ DZ digraph  
DŽ Dž dž DZ with caron
ʥ DZ digraph with curl  
ʤ Dezh digraph  
Ligature FF  
Ligature FI  
Ligature FL  
ʩ Feng digraph  
IJ ij Ligature IJ Dutch, West Frisian
LJ Lj lj LJ  
Ỻ ỻ Middle-Welsh Ll Medieval Welsh[3]
ʪ LS digraph  
ʫ LZ digraph  
NJ Nj nj NJ  
Œ œ Ligature OE French, Ethel, Open-mid front rounded vowel
Œ̀ œ̀ Ligature OE with grave
Œ́ œ́ Ligature OE with acute
Œ̂ œ̂ Ligature OE with circumflex
Œ̃ œ̃ Ligature OE with tilde
Œ̄ œ̄ Ligature OE with macron
Œ̄́ œ̄́ Ligature OE with macron and acute
Œ̄̃ œ̄̃ Ligature OE with macron and tilde
Œ̄̆ œ̄̆ Ligature OE with macron and breve
Œ̋ œ̋ Ligature OE with double acute
Œ̌ œ̌ Ligature OE with caron
Œ̨ œ̨ Ligature OE with ogonek
Œ̨̃ œ̨̃ Ligature OE with ogonek and tilde
Œ̣ œ̣ Ligature OE with dot below
Œ̯ œ̯ Ligature OE with inverted breve below
ɶ Small capital OE Open front rounded vowel
Ꝏ ꝏ OO Medieval Nordic vowel /oː/
Ꝏ́ ꝏ́ OO with acute
Ꝏ̈ ꝏ̈ OO with diaeresis
Ꝏ̋ ꝏ̋ OO with double acute
Ꝏ̣ ꝏ̣ OO with dot below
Turned OE  
ȹ QP digraph Nonstandard symbol for voiceless labiodental plosive
ß Sharp S German eszett
Ligature ST  
Long S-T  
ʨ TC digraph with curl  
TH with strikethrough  
ʦ TS digraph  
ʧ Tesh digraph  
Ꜩ ꜩ TZ Mayan palato-alveolar affricate /ts/
Latin alphabet UE ligature.jpg ue  
Ꝡ ꝡ VY Medieval Nordic vowel /yː/
Ꝡ̈ ꝡ̈ VY with diaeresis
Ꝡ̋ ꝡ̋ VY with double acute
See also

Multigraphs[edit]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ So defined in ISO/IEC 646 (based on ASCII) which was based on the 26 letters of the English alphabet and previous telecommunication standards
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x http://std.dkuug.dk/JTC1/SC2/WG2/docs/n2419.pdf
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r http://std.dkuug.dk/jtc1/sc2/wg2/docs/N2957.pdf