List of Latin-script letters

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This is a list of letters of the Latin script. The definition of a Latin-script letter is a character encoded in the Unicode Standard that has a script property of 'Latin'. An overview of the distribution of Latin-script letters in Unicode is given in Latin script in Unicode.

Basic alphabet[edit]

Archaic Latin alphabet of the Roman Kingdom[1]
A B C D E F Z H I K L M N O P Q R S T V X
Latin alphabet of the Roman Empire
A B C D E F G H I K L M N O P Q R S T V X Y Z
ISO basic Latin alphabet[2]
Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz

Extensions[edit]

Letter Name Notes
Small capital A Nonstandard phonetic symbol; Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[3]
Ɐ ɐ Turned A Near-open central vowel
Ɑ ɑ Alpha (Script A) Open back unrounded vowel. Duka, Fe'fe, Manenguba, Medumba, Tigon, Tawellemmet Berber cf. Greek: Α α
Ɒ ɒ Turned alpha (Turned script A) Open back rounded vowel
ʙ Small capital B Bilabial trill; partially devoiced bilabial stop in UPA
Small capital barred B Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[3]
Small capital C Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[3]
Ↄ ↄ Reversed C Claudian letters
Ð ð Eth Voiced dental fricative; Icelandic, Elfdalian and Faroese, Old English, African languages (not pronounced in Faroese)
Ꝺ ꝺ Insular D  
Small capital D Partially devoiced alveolar stop in UPA
Small capital Eth Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[3]
Dum  
Delta cf. Greek: Δ δ
Small capital E Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[3]
Ǝ ǝ Turned E Anii, Awing, Bafia, Bangolan, Cibak, Dza, Gwak, Huba, Ikposo, Karekare, Kanuri, Kemezung, Kwanja, Kwasio, Lama (Togo), Lamang, Lukpa, Mbula-Bwazza, Mfumte, Mundang, Mundani, Ngizim, Pinyin language, Pan-Nigerian alphabet, Tamasheq, Turka, Yom
Small capital turned E UPA
Ə ə Schwa Mid-central vowel; Azerbaijani letter, Bafut, Berber, Bissa, Bulu (Cameroon), Bura-Pabir, Daba, Dan, Dazaga, Ewondo, Fe'fe, Gude, Kamwe, Kasem, Kpelle, Kwanja, Lamnso', Lyélé, Mada (Nigeria), Makaa, Manengumba, Meta', Mofu-Gudur, Mundani, Ngas, Nuni, Parkwa, Socoro, Tarok, Tedaga, Timne, Vengo, Vute, Yamba, Yom, Zulgo-Gemzek. It was used in the Zhuang language from 1957 to 1986. cf. Cyrillic: Ә ә
Ɛ ɛ Open E (Epsilon) Open-mid front unrounded vowel. Used in African languages Abidji, Adangme, Adele, Adioukrou, Agatu, Aghem, Ahanta, Aja (Benin), Akan, Akoose, Anii, Anufo, Anyin, Avatime, Ayizo Gbe, Baatonum, Bafia, Bafut, Baka(Cameroon), Baoulé, Bariba, Bambara, Bandi, Baoulé, Basa (Cameroon and Nigeria), Berber, Bhele, Bisa, Boko, Budu, Busa, Dii, Dinka, Duala, Dyula, Ewe, Ewondo, Gikyode, Igo, Ikposo, Kako, Kemezung, Kwanja, Lika, Lingala, Maasai, Mandi, Manenguba, Mangbetu, Mbelime, Medumba, Mundani, Nawdm, Ngiemboon, Ngomba, Noni, Nuer, Nyang, Pana, Pinyin language, Shilha, Tamazight, Tigon, Turka, Wuzlam, Yambasa, and Yoruba (Benin). cf. Greek: Ε ε
ɘ Reversed E Close-mid central unrounded vowel
ɜ Reversed open E (Reversed Epsilon) Open-mid central unrounded vowel
ɞ Closed reversed open E (Closed reversed Epsilon) Open-mid central rounded vowel
ʚ Closed open E (Closed Epsilon) A misprinted symbol for open-mid central rounded vowel
ɤ Rams horn (Baby Gamma) Close-mid back unrounded vowel
Ꝼ ꝼ Insular F  
Small capital F Medievalist addition
Ⅎ ⅎ Turned F Claudian letters
Epigraphic letter reversed F  
Ᵹ ᵹ Insular G  
ɡ Script G Voiced velar stop
ɢ Small capital G Voiced uvular stop; partially devoiced velar stop in UPA
Turned G letter for translating the Georgian letter
Ꝿ ꝿ Turned insular G  
Ɣ ɣ Gamma Voiced velar fricative. African Languages Dagbani, Dinka, Ewe, Ikposo, Kabiyé, Kabyle, Kpelle, Tuareg, Wakhi cf. Greek: Γγ
Ƣ ƣ Gha Jaꞑalif letter for Tatar, Azerbaijani letter
ʜ Small capital H Voiceless epiglottal fricative
Ƕ ƕ Hwair Gothic
Ⱶ ⱶ Heta Claudian letters. cf. Greek: Ⱶⱶ
Ꜧ ꜧ Heng Juhuri
ı Dotless I Turkish, Azerbaijani, and other Turkic languages
Ɪ ɪ Small capital I Near-close near-front unrounded vowel. Capital form used in Unifon and for Gabonese orthographies[4]
Epigraphic letter I Longa Latin long i /iː/ in epigraphic style
Sideways I Epigraphic variant of I used in early medieval Celtic inscriptions
Turned i Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[3]
Small capital I with stroke English near-close central unrounded vowel, or schwa (Oxford University Press dictionary convention)
Ɩ ɩ Iota cf. Greek: Ɩ ɩ
Small capital J Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[3]
Small capital K Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[3]
ʞ Turned K Proposed symbol for velar click. Withdrawn 1970 as articulation judged impossible
ʟ Small capital L Velar lateral approximant; voiced alveolar lateral in UPA
Ꝇ ꝇ Broken L Medieval Nordic consonant /lː/[5]
Small capital L with stroke Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[3]
Lum  
Ꞁ ꞁ Turned L  
ʎ Reversed Lambda Palatal lateral approximant
Small capital M Voiceless bilabial nasal in UPA
Epigraphic letter inverted M  
Epigraphic letter archaic M  
Mum  
ɴ Small capital N Uvular nasal; voiceless alveolar nasal in UPA
Reversed N Voiceless velar nasal in UPA. cf. Cyrillic: И и
Num  
Ŋ ŋ Eng Iñupiat, Northern and Skolt, Velar nasal It was used in the Zhuang language from 1957 to 1986.
Small capital O Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[3]
Sideways O Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[3]
Ɔ ɔ Open O Open-mid back rounded vowel. Used in African languages Aghem, Akan, Bafia, Baka, Bariba, Bambara, Baoulé, Bassa, Boko, Dii, Dinka, Duala, Dyula, Ewe, Ewondo, Ikposo, Kako, Kemezung, Kwanja, Lika, Lingala, Maasai, Mandi, Manenguba, Mangbetu, Mbelime, Medumba, Mundani, Nawdm, Ngiemboon, Ngomba, NAwdmNoni, Nuer, Nyang, Pana, Pinyin language, Tigon, Turka, Wuzlam, Yambasa, and Yoruba (Benin).
Small capital open O
Sideways open O Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[3]
Top half O Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[3]
Bottom half O Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[3]
ɷ Closed omega Rejected symbol for near-close near-back rounded vowel
Ȣ ȣ Ou A ligature of Latin o and u
Small capital Ou A back vowel of uncertain quality in UPA
Small capital P Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[3]
Epigraphic letter reversed P  
ɸ Phi Voiceless bilabial fricative. cf. Greek: Φ φ
Tailless phi UPA
ĸ Kra Nunatsiavummiut dialect of Inuktitut in Canada, formerly Kalaallisut language of Greenland. cf. Greek: Κ κ
Ꞃ ꞃ Insular R  
Ʀ ʀ Yr (small capital R) Old Norse, Uvular trill
Ꝛ ꝛ R rotunda  
Small capital reversed R Nonstandard symbol for epiglottal trill. cf. Cyrillic: Я я
ɹ Turned R Alveolar approximant
Small capital turned R Obsolete symbol for voiceless uvular fricative
ʁ Small capital inverted R Voiced uvular fricative
Rum  
Small capital rum Medievalist addition
Ꝝ ꝝ Rum rotunda  
ſ Long S  
Ꞅ ꞅ Insular S  
Ƨ ƨ Reversed S (=Tone two) A letter used in the Zhuang language from 1957 to 1986 to indicate its second tone
Small capital S Medievalist addition
Ʃ ʃ Esh Voiceless postalveolar fricative. Ewe language. cf. Greek: Σ σ,ς
ƪ Reversed Esh loop labialized voiceless postalveolar fricative; IPA: [ʃʷ]
ʅ Squat reversed Esh apical retroflex unrounded vowel; IPA: [ʐ̩]
Ꞇ ꞇ Insular T  
Small capital T Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[3]
Tum  
ʇ Turned T Former IPA representation for tenuis dental click
Small capital U Former IPA representation for near-close near-back rounded vowel
Sideways U Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[3]
Sideways diaeresized U Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[3]
ɥ Turned H Labial-palatal approximant; Dan / Gio orthography in Liberia
Ɯ ɯ Sha Close back unrounded vowel; A letter used in the Zhuang language from 1957 to 1986. cf. Cyrillic:Ш ш
Small capital turned M  
Sideways turned M Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[3]
Ʊ ʊ Upsilon African languages Anii, Anyin, Foodo, Kabiyé, Konni, Lukpa, Tem, Yom cf. Greek: Υ υ
Small capital V Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[3]
Ỽ ỽ Middle-Welsh V Medieval Welsh[5]
Ʌ ʌ Turned V Open-mid back unrounded vowel. Ch'ol, Naninka, Northern Tepehuán, Temne, Wounaan
Small capital W Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[3]
ʍ Turned W Voiceless labio-velar approximant
ʏ Small capital Y Near-close near-front rounded vowel
ƍ Turned delta obsolete and nonstandard symbol for Labialized voiced alveolo-dental fricative; IPA: [ðʷ, zʷ]
Small capital Z Partially devoiced alveolar fricative in UPA
Ꝣ ꝣ Visigothic Z Medieval Ibero-Romance
Ʒ ʒ Ezh Voiced postalveolar fricative; Skolt Sámi, Ewe language
Small capital Ezh Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[3]
Ƹ ƹ Ezh reversed  
Ȝ ȝ Yogh Middle English
Þ þ Thorn Old English, Icelandic
Ƿ ƿ Wynn Old English
Ꝩ ꝩ Vend Medieval Nordic phoneme /v/ or /u/
Ꝫ ꝫ Et  
Ꝭ ꝭ Is  
Ꝯ ꝯ Con  
Us  
Um  
Ꜫ ꜫ Tresillo Mayan ejective uvular stop /qʼ/
Ꜭ ꜭ Cuatrillo Mayan ejective velar stop /kʼ/
Ꜯ ꜯ Cuatrillo with comma Mayan ejective alveolar affricate /tsʼ/
Ƽ ƽ Tone five A letter used in the Zhuang language from 1957 to 1986 to indicate its fifth tone
Ƅ ƅ Tone six A letter used in the Zhuang language from 1957 to 1986 to indicate its sixth tone
Ɂ ɂ Glottal stop A letter for glottal stop in Canadian aboriginal orthographies, IPA for glottal stop
Ꜣ ꜣ Egyptological Alef  
Ꞌ ꞌ Saltillo Glottal stop in some orthographies in Mexico and Nigeria
Middle dot Letter representing glottal stop in the sinological tradition (this is not the same character as the middle dot punctuation mark)[6]
ʕ Reversed glottal stop Voiced pharyngeal fricative
Voiced laryngeal spirant Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[3]
Ain Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[3]
Ꜥ ꜥ Egyptological Ain  
ʖ Inverted glottal stop  
ǀ Dental Clicks Dental clicks;
ǁ Lateral Clicks Lateral clicks;
ǃ Alveolar Clicks Alveolar clicks;
ǂ Palatal Clicks Palatal clicks;
ʗ Stretched C  
ʘ Bilabial Clicks (Bullseye) Bilabial clicks;
ʬ Bilabial percussive  
ʭ Bidental percussive  

Letters with diacritics[edit]

Letters with diacritics.

Letter Name Notes
À à A with grave Awing, Baka, Bangolan, Bribri, Catalan, Dii, French, Galician, Gokana, Hän, Igbo, Italian, Kako, Kaska, Kiowa, Kwanja, Lithuanian, Luba-Kasai, Manenguba, Mbodomo, Medumba, Mundani, Nateni, Navajo, Ngbaka Minagende, Ngomba, Ntcham, Ogba, Pinyin transliteration, Portuguese, Scottish Gaelic, Sekani, Tagish, Taos, Tee, Tigon, Tutchone, Vietnamese, Welsh, and Yoruba; Pe̍h-oē-jī, Taiwanese Romanization System
Á á A with acute Afrikaans, Awing, Baka, Bana, Bangolan, Blackfoot, Bribri, Chipewyan, Czech, Dii, Dutch, Ewondo, Faroese, Galician, Hungarian, Icelandic, Igbo, Iñapari, Irish, Kako, Kaska, Kemezung, Kiowa, Kwanja, Lakota, Lingala, Lithuanian, Lycian transliteration, Mandi, Manenguba, Mbelime, Mbodomo, Medumba, Nateni, Navajo, Ngiemboon, Ngomba, Noni, Ntcham, Nyang, Nzime, Occitan, Omaha-Ponca, Osage, Pana, Pinyin transliteration, Portuguese, Proto-Indo-European, Pu-Xian Min, Romanian, Sámi, Scottish Gaelic, Sekani, Seneca, Slovak, Spanish, Tee, Tigon, Tucano, Tutchone, Vietnamese, Welsh, Winnebago, Yaghnobi, Yambasa, Yoruba, and Yurutí,; Pe̍h-oē-jī, Taiwanese Romanization System
 â A with circumflex Afrikaans, Awing, Bangolan, Berber, Dutch, Ewondo, French, Friulian, Frisian, Hän, Istro-Romanian, Jarai, Kako, Kaska, Kiowa, Kwanja, Accented Latvian, Lingala, Luxembourgian, Manenguba, Medumba, Mengleno-Romanian, Ngbaka Minagende, Ngiemboon, Nzime, Ogba, Old High German, Pana, Proto-Germanic, Portuguese, Pu-Xian Min, Romanian, Sámi, Tagish, Tigon, Turkish, Vietnamese, Walloon, Welsh, and Yoruba; Pe̍h-oē-jī, Taiwanese Romanization System, iSO 9
Ầ ầ A with circumflex and grave Vietnamese
Ấ ấ A with circumflex and acute Romanian, Vietnamese
Ẫ ẫ A with circumflex and tilde Vietnamese
Ẩ ẩ A with circumflex and hook above Vietnamese
à ã A with tilde Apalai, Aromanian, Bariba, Boko, Bribri, Accented Czech, Gokana, Guaraní, Kashubian, Kaska, Accented Latvian, Lithuanian, Lycian transliteration, Ngbaka Minagende, Proto-Indo-European, Portuguese, Tee, Tucano, Turka, Vietnamese, !Xóõ, Yoruba, Yurutí, Old Norse
Ã̀ ã̀ A with tilde and grave Boko, Bribri, Gokana, Ngbaka Minagende, Tee
Ã́ ã́ A with tilde and acute Bribri, Lycian transliteration, Tee, Tucano, Yurutí
Ã̂ ã̂ A with tilde and circumflex Ngbaka Minagende
Ã̌ ã̌ A with tilde and caron Boko, Ngbaka Minagende
Ã̍ ã̍ A with tilde and vertical line Ngbaka Minagende
Ã̎ ã̎ A with tilde and double vertical line
Ā ā A with macron Bangolan, Ewondo, Hawaiian, Igbo, Kaska, Kiowa, Latin, Latvian, Māori, Mbelime, Medumba, Middle High German, Nahuatl, Nyang, Ogba, Pinyin (both language and Chinese transliteration system), Proto-Germanic, Proto-Indo-European, Pu-Xian Min, Skolt Sámi, Samoan, Samogitian, Sanskrit Transliteration, Tagish, Tahitian, Tongan, Tutchone, Wuzlam; Pe̍h-oē-jī, Taiwanese Romanization System, ziSO 9
Ā̀ ā̀ A with macron and grave Kaska, Latin, Sanskrit Transliteration, Tagish
Ā́ ā́ A with macron and acute Kaska, Latin, Proto-Indo-European, Sanskrit Transliteration
Ā̂ ā̂ A with macron and circumflex Kaska, Proto-Germanic, Tagish
Ā̃ ā̃ A with macron and tilde Proto-Indo-European, Sanskrit Transliteration
Ā̃́ ā̃́ A with macron and tilde and acute Proto-Indo-European
Ā̄ ā̄ A with macron and macron Kienning Colloquial Romanized transliteration
Ā̆ ā̆ A with macron and breve Latin, Middle High German, Proto-Indo-European
Ā̆́ ā̆́ A with macron and breve and acute Latin
Ā̈ ā̈ A with macron and diaeresis Svan transliteration
Ā̊ ā̊ A with macron and ring above Avestan transliteration
Ā̌ ā̌ A with macron and caron Greek transliteration, Kaska, Tagish
Ă ă A with breve Istro-Romanian, Jarai, Latin, Mengleno-Romanian, Middle High German, Romanian, Sámi, Vietnamese; previously used in Malay; ISO 9; cf. Cyrillic: Ӑ ӑ
Ằ ằ A with breve and grave Latin, Vietnamese
Ắ ắ A with breve and acute Latin, Romanian, Vietnamese
Ẵ ẵ A with breve and tilde Vietnamese
Ẳ ẳ A with breve and hook above Vietnamese
Ȧ ȧ A with dot above Cheyenne, Old High German, Skolt Sámi, Ulithian
Ȧ́ ȧ́ A with dot above and acute
Ǡ ǡ A with dot above and macron Skolt Sámi
Ä ä A with diaeresis Afrikaans, Chipewyan, Dinka, Dutch, Emiliano-Romagnolo, Estonian, Finnish, Gagauz, German, Hän, Kaqchikel, Karelian, Luxembourgian, North Frisian, Rotuman, Sámi, Saterlandic, Seneca, Slovak, Tatar, Turkmen, Tutchone, Ulster-Scots, West Frisian, Welsh, and Yapese; previously used in Azerbaijani; ISO 9; cf. Cyrillic: Ӓ ӓ
Ä́ ä́ A with diaeresis and acute Seneca, Tutchone, Middle High German
Ä̀ ä̀ A with diaeresis and grave Hän, Tutchone
Ä̂ ä̂ A with diaeresis and circumflex Hän, Middle High German
Ä̃ ä̃ A with diaeresis and tilde
Ǟ ǟ A with diaeresis and macron Livonian, Middle High German, Skolt Sámi, Tutchone
Ǟ̆ ǟ̆ A with diaeresis and macron and breve Middle High German
Ä̆ ä̆ A with diaeresis and breve Middle High German
Ä̌ ä̌ A with diaeresis and caron Hän
Ả ả A with hook above Vietnamese
Å å A with ring above Chamorro, Danish, Emiliano-Romagnolo, Greenlandic, Istro-Romanian, Middle High German, North Frisian, Norwegian, Old High German, Sámi, Swedish, and Walloon
Ǻ ǻ A with ring above and acute Danish
Å̂ å̂ A with ring above and circumflex Middle High German
Å̃ å̃ A with ring above and tilde Old Norse
Å̄ å̄ A with ring above and macron Old High German
Å̄̆ å̄̆ A with ring above and macron and breve Old High German
Å̆ å̆ A with ring above and breve Old High German
A̋ a̋ A with double acute ISO 9, Old High German, Slovak (rarely used), Taiwanese Romanization System
Ǎ ǎ A with caron Awing, Bangolan, Ewondo, Hän, Hyam, Kaska, Kemezung, Kwanja, Lingala, Manenguba, Medumba, Mundani, Ngbaka Minagende, Ngiemboon, Ngomba, Nzime, Pinyin transliteration, Tagish, Tigon, Yoruba
A̍ a̍ A with vertical line Ngbaka Minagende, Pe̍h-ōe-jī, Taiwanese Romanization System and other transliteraons of Chinese dialects.
A̎ a̎ A with double vertical line Pe̍h-ōe-jī, Taiwanese Romanization System and other transliteratons of Chinese dialects.
Ȁ ȁ A with double grave Bangolan, Croatian
Ȃ ȃ A with inverted breve Croatian, Old Church Slavonic transliteration
A̐ a̐ A with chandrabindu ALA-LC
A̓ a̓ A with comma above Greek transliteration, Heiltsuk
A̧ a̧ A with cedilla General Alphabet of Cameroon Languages: Dii, Mundani, and Pana
À̧ à̧ A with grave and cedilla Dii, Mundani
Á̧ á̧ A with acute and cedilla Dii, Pana
Â̧ â̧ A with circumflex and cedilla Pana
Ǎ̧ ǎ̧ A with caron and cedilla Mundani
A̭ a̭ A with circumflex below Juǀʼhoansi
A̰ a̰ A with tilde below Burmese transliteration, Ngambay, Zarma
À̰ à̰ A with tilde below and grave Nateni
Á̰ á̰ A with tilde below and acute Mbelime, Nateni
Ā̰ ā̰ A with tilde below and macron Mbelime
Ä̰ ä̰ A with tilde below and diaeresis
Ä̰́ ä̰́ A with tilde below, diaeresis, and acute
Ą ą A with ogonek Chipewyan, Creek, Elfdalian, Gwich'in, Hän, Hocąk, Iñapari, Kashubian, Kaska, Lithuanian, Mescalero-Chiricahua, Navajo, Polish, Sekani, Tagish, Tlingit, Tutchone, Western Apache, and Winnebago
Ą̀ ą̀ A with grave and ogonek Hän, Kaska, Navajo, Sekani, Tagish, Tutchone
Ą́ ą́ A with acute and ogonek Chipewyan, Iñapari, Kaska, Lithuanian, Navajo, Omaha-Ponca, Osage, Sekani, Tutchone, Winnebago
Ą̂ ą̂ A with circumflex and ogonek Hän, Kaska, Tagish
Ą̃ ą̃ A with tilde and ogonek Lithuanian
Ą̄ ą̄ A with macron and ogonek Kaska, Tagish, Tutchone, Old Norse, Proto-Germanic, Tagish, Tutchone
Ą̄̀ ą̄̀ A with macron, grave and ogonek Kaska, Tagish
Ą̄́ ą̄́ A with macron, acute and ogonek Kaska, Old Norse
Ą̄̂ ą̄̂ A with macron, circumflex and ogonek Kaska, Tagish
Ą̄̌ ą̄̌ A with macron, caron and ogonek Kaska, Tagish
Ą̇ ą̇ A with dot above and ogonek Avestan transliteration
Ą̈ ą̈ A with diaeresis and ogonek Hän, Southern Tutchone
Ą̈̀ ą̈̀ A with diaeresis, grave and ogonek Hän
Ą̈́ ą̈́ A with diaeresis, acute and ogonek Southern Tutchone
Ą̈̂ ą̈̂ A with diaeresis, circumflex and ogonek Hän
Ą̈̌ ą̈̌ A with diaeresis, caron and ogonek Hän
Ą̈̄ ą̈̄ A with diaeresis, macron and ogonek
Ą̊ ą̊ A with ring above and ogonek Elfdalian
Ą̌ ą̌ A with caron and ogonek Hän, Tagish
Ą̋ ą̋ A with double acute and ogonek
Ą̱ ą̱ A with ogonek and line below
Ą̱̀ ą̱̀ A with ogonek, line below and grave
Ą̱̀ ą̱̀ A with ogonek, line below and acute
A᷎ a᷎ A with ogonek above
A̱ a̱ A with line below Arabic transliteration, Bribri, Coast Tsimshian, Estonian Swedish, German dialectology, Hyam, Kiowa, Koasati, Kwak'wala, Mazatec, Nuer, Seneca
À̱ à̱ A with line below and grave Kiowa
Á̱ á̱ A with line below and acute Kiowa, Seneca
Â̱ â̱ A with line below and circumflex Kiowa
Ã̱ ã̱ A with line below and tilde
Ā̱ ā̱ A with line below and macron Kiowa
Ā̱̀ ā̱̀ A with line below, macron, and grave Kiowa
Ā̱́ ā̱́ A with line below, macron, and acute Kiowa
Ā̱̂ ā̱̂ A with line below, macron, and circumflex Kiowa
Ä̱ ä̱ A with line below and diaeresis Estonian Swedish, German dialectology, Seneca
Ä̱̀ ä̱̀ A with line below, diaeresis and grave
Ä̱́ ä̱́ A with line below, diaeresis and acute
Ä̱̂ ä̱̂ A with line below, diaeresis and circumflex
Ä̱̌ ä̱̌ A with line below, diaeresis and caron
Å̱ å̱ A with line below and ring above Estonian Swedish
Ǎ̱ ǎ̱ A with line below and caron Hyam
A̱̥ a̱̥ A with line below and ring below Arabic transliteration
Ạ ạ A with dot below Avokaya, Thompson, Vietnamese
Ạ́ ạ́ A with acute and dot below Thompson
Ạ̀ ạ̀ A with grave and dot below Thompson
Ậ ậ A with circumflex and dot below Vietnamese
Ạ̃ ạ̃ A with tilde and dot below ISO 9
Ạ̄ ạ̄ A with macron and dot below ALA-LC romanization
Ặ ặ A with breve and dot below Vietnamese
Ạ̈ ạ̈ A with diaeresis and dot below ISO 9, Old High German
Ạ̈̀ ạ̈̀ A with diaeresis and grave and dot below
Ạ̈́ ạ̈́ A with diaeresis and acute and dot below
Ạ̈̂ ạ̈̂ A with diaeresis and circumflex and dot below
Ạ̈̌ ạ̈̌ A with diaeresis and caron and dot below
Ạ̌ ạ̌ A with caron and dot below
Ạ̍ ạ̍ A with vertical line and dot below
A̤ a̤ A with diaeresis below German dialectology, Pu-Xian Min
À̤ à̤ A with diaeresis below and grave
Á̤ á̤ A with diaeresis below and acute
Â̤ â̤ A with diaeresis below and circumflex
Ä̤ ä̤ A with diaeresis below and diaeresis
Ḁ ḁ A with ring below Old Chinese transliteration, Arabic transliteration, Pashto transliteration, Persian transliteration
Ḁ̂ ḁ̂ A with ring below and circumflex Old Chinese transliteration, Arabic transliteration, Pashto transliteration, Persian transliteration
Ḁ̈ ḁ̈ A with ring below and diaeresis
A̯ a̯ A with inverted breve below IPA and other phonetic alphabets
A̩ a̩ A with vertical line below
À̩ à̩ A with vertical line below and grave
Á̩ á̩ A with vertical line below and acute
Â̩ â̩ A with vertical line below and circumflex
Ã̩ ã̩ A with vertical line below and tilde
Ā̩ ā̩ A with vertical line below and macron
Ǎ̩ ǎ̩ A with vertical line below and caron
A̩̍ a̩̍ A with vertical line below and vertical line
A̩̓ a̩̓ A with vertical line below and comma above
A͔ a͔ A with left arrowhead below Uralic dialectology
Ā͔ ā͔ A with left arrowhead below and macron Uralic dialectology
Ⱥ ⱥ A with stroke Saanich
Ⱥ̀ ⱥ̀ A with stroke and grave
Ⱥ́ ⱥ́ A with stroke and acute
A with retroflex hook previously in IPA
Ɑ̀ ɑ̀ Alpha with grave Medumba, Tigon
Ɑ́ ɑ́ Alpha with acute Medumba, Tigon
Ɑ̂ ɑ̂ Alpha with circumflex Medumba, Tigon
Ɑ̃ ɑ̃ Alpha with tilde
Ɑ̄ ɑ̄ Alpha with macron Medumba
Ɑ̆ ɑ̆ Alpha with breve
Ɑ̇ ɑ̇ Alpha with dot above
Ɑ̈ ɑ̈ Alpha with diaeresis
Ɑ̊ ɑ̊ Alpha with ring above
Ɑ̌ ɑ̌ Alpha with caron Medumba, Tigon
Alpha with retroflex hook previously in IPA
B̀ b̀ B with grave Ntcham
B́ b́ B with acute Ntcham, Võro; previously used in Sorbian
B̂ b̂ B with circumflex Middle Persian transliteration
B̃ b̃ B with tilde Yanesha'
B̄ b̄ B with macron Kire
Ḃ ḃ B with dot above Irish (old orthography), Old High German
B̈ b̈ B with diaeresis Manichaean transliteration
B̕ b̕ B with comma above right Americanist phonetics
Ḇ ḇ B with line below Carian transliteration, Hebrew transliteration, Middle Persian transliteration, Sindhi transliteration
Ḇ̂ ḇ̂ B with line below and circumflex Middle Persian transliteration
Ḅ ḅ B with dot below Ikwerre, Kalabari, Saraiki transliteration
B̤ b̤ B with diaeresis below Sindhi transliteration
B̥ b̥ B with ring below IPA
B̬ b̬ B with caron below IPA and other phonetic alphabets
Ƀ ƀ B with stroke Jarai, Proto-Germanic
B with middle tilde  
B with palatal hook  
Ɓ ɓ B with hook Voiced bilabial implosive, Balanta, Basaa, Bomu, Bushi, Dan, Fula, Hausa, Kpelle, Maore, and Serer; formerly used in Shona
Ƃ ƃ B with topbar Letter in the Zhuang Language from 1957 to 1986
ʙ̇ Small capital B with dot above
ʙ̣ Small capital B with dot below
C̀ c̀ C with grave ISO 9
Ć ć C with acute Belarusian, Bosnian, Croatian, Montenegrin, Polish, Romani, Serbian, Sorbian, and Võro
Ĉ ĉ C with circumflex Esperanto, Pinyin transliteration
C̃ c̃ C with tilde Yanesha'
C̄ c̄ C with macron ALA-LC, ISO 9, Middle Persian transliteration, Kharosthi transliteration
C̄́ c̄́ C with macron and acute Middle Persian transliteration
C̆ c̆ C with breve ISO 9, Jarai
Ċ ċ C with dot above ISO 9, Maltese, Irish (old orthography), Old High German; previously in Chechen
C̈ c̈ C with diaeresis ISO 9, Old High German
Č č C with caron Belarusian, Berber, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Estonian, Lakota, Latvian, Lithuanian, Livonian, Romani, Sami, Slovak, Slovenian, and Wakhi
Č́ č́ C with caron and acute above Georgian transliteration
Č͑ č͑ C with caron and left half ring above Armenian transliteration
Č̓ č̓ C with caron and comma above Comox
Č̕ č̕ C with caron and comma above right Americanist phonetics
Č͑ č͑ C with caron and reversed comma above Georgian transliteration
C̋ c̋ C with double acute
C̓ c̓ C with comma above Ditidaht, Haisla, Heiltsuk, Thompson
C̕ c̕ C with comma above right Americanist phonetics
C̔ c̔ C with reversed comma above Georgian transliteration
C͑ c͑ C with left half ring above Armenian transliteration
Ç ç C with cedilla Albanian, Azerbaijani, Catalan, French, Friulian, Kurdish, Ligurian, Manx, Occitan, Portuguese, Romanian, Tatar, Turkish, Turkmen, Zazaki; Previously used in Chechen; Voiceless palatal fricative
Ḉ ḉ C with cedilla and acute Abaza, Abkhaz, and Adyghe transliteration, Kurdish
Ç̆ ç̆ C with cedilla and breve ISO 9
Ç̇ ç̇ C with cedilla and dot above Chechen (old orthography)
Ç̌ ç̌ C with cedilla and caron Abaza, Abkhaz, and Adyghe transliteration
C̦ c̦ C with comma below Turksh, Azerbaijani
C̭ c̭ C with circumflex below Old Persian transliteration
C̱ c̱ C with line below
C̮ c̮ C with breve below Romance dialectology
C̣ c̣ C with dot below Armenian transliteration, Georgian transliteration
Ć̣ ć̣ C with dot below and acute Georgian transliteration
Č̣ č̣ C with dot below and caron Armenian transliteration, Georgian transliteration, Wakhi
C̥ c̥ C with ring below IPA and other phonetic alphabets
C̬ c̬ C with caron below IPA
C̯ c̯ C with inverted breve below Old Persian transliteration
C̨ c̨ C with ogonek
Ȼ ȼ C with stroke Kutenai, Saanich; Previously used in Latvian
Ȼ̓ ȼ̓ C with stroke and comma above Kutenai
Ꞓ ꞓ C with bar Previously in Nanai
Ƈ ƈ C with hook Serer
ɕ C with curl Voiceless alveolo-palatal fricative
Ꜿ ꜿ Reversed C with dot  
D́ d́ D with acute Võro, Kharosthi transliteration, ALA-LC transliteration
D̂ d̂ D with circumflex ISO 9
D̃ d̃ D with tilde
D̄ d̄ D with macron Basque (alternative orthography)
Ḋ ḋ D with dot above Irish (Old orthography), Old High German
D̊ d̊ D with ring above German Abbreviation
Ď ď D with caron Czech, Romani, Slovak
D̑ d̑ D with inverted breve Old Church Slavonic transliteration
D̓ d̓ D with comma above Ditidaht
D̕ d̕ D with comma above right
Ḑ ḑ D with cedilla Arabic transliteration, Livonian
D̦ d̦ D with comma below Old Romanian
Ḓ ḓ D with circumflex below Venda
Ḏ ḏ D with line below Arabic transliteration, Hebrew transliteration, Middle Persian transliteration, O'odham, Sindhi transliteration
D̮ d̮ D with breve below Romance dialectology
Ḍ ḍ D with dot below Arabic Transliteration, Berber, Engenni, Kalabari, Kharosthi transliteration, O'odham, Sanskrit transliteration, Wakhi
Ḍ́ ḍ́ D with dot below and acute Kharosthi transliteration
D̤ d̤ D with diaeresis below Mandaic transliteration, Sindhi transliteration, Tifinagh transliteration
D̥ d̥ D with ring below IPA and other phonetic alphabets
D̬ d̬ D with caron below IPA
D̪ d̪ D with bridge below IPA
Đ đ D with stroke Bosnian, Croatian, Jarai, Katu, Sámi, Vietnamese, Middle Persian Transliteration
Đ̱ đ̱ D with stroke and line below Middle Persian Transliteration
D with middle tilde  
D with palatal hook  
Ɖ ɖ African D, D with tail Voiced retroflex plosive; Bassa, Ewe
Ɗ ɗ D with hook Voiced alveolar implosive; Bushi, Fula, Hausa, Maore, Serer; formerly used in Shona
D with hook and tail IPA
Ƌ ƌ D with topbar Letter of the Zhuang language from 1957 to 1986
ȡ D with curl  
Ꝺ́ ꝺ́ Insular D with acute  
Ꝺ̇ ꝺ̇ Insular D with dot above  
ᴅ̇ Small capital D with dot above
ᴅ̣ Small capital D with dot below
Ð́ ð́ Eth with acute
Ð̣ ð̣ Eth with dot below
È è E with grave Afrikaans, Catalan, French, Igbo, Italian, Luba-Kasai, Luxembourgian, Maltese, Occitan, Pinyin transliteration, Scottish Gaelic, Skolt Sámi, Vietnamese, Welsh, Yoruba; previously used in Romanian; cf. Cyrillic: Ѐ ѐ
É é E with acute Afrikaans, Catalan, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Ewondo, French, Galician, Hungarian, Icelandic, Igbo, Irish, Italian, Kashubian, Luxembourgian, Lycian Transliteration Norwegian, Occitan, Proto-Indo-European, Pinyin transliteration, Portuguese, Romanian, Skolt Sámi, Scottish Gaelic, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Vietnamese, Welsh, Yaghnobi, Yoruba
Ê ê E with circumflex Afrikaans, Dutch, Ewondo, French, Jarai, Accented Latvian, Luxembourgian, Pinyin transliteration, Portuguese, Vietnamese, Welsh, Yoruba; Kurdish Kurmanji; Ukrainian Trnsliteration
Ề ề E with circumflex and grave Vietnamese, Pinyin transliteration
Ế ế E with circumflex and acute Vietnamese, Pinyin transliteration
Ễ ễ E with circumflex and tilde Vietnamese
Ê̄ ê̄ E with circumflex and macron Pinyin transliteration
Ê̆ ê̆ E with circumflex and breve Jarai
Ê̌ ê̌ E with circumflex and caron Pinyin transliteration
Ể ể E with circumflex and hook above Vietnamese
Ẽ ẽ E with tilde Apalai, Bribri, Accented Czech, Ewe, Gokana, Guaraní, Accented Latvian, Lithuanian, Lycian transliteration, Proto-Indo-European, Tee, Tucano, Umbundu, Vietnamese, Yurutí, Zarma
Ẽ̀ ẽ̀ E with tilde and grave
Ẽ́ ẽ́ E with tilde and acute Lycian transliteration
Ẽ̂ ẽ̂ E with tilde and circumflex
Ẽ̌ ẽ̌ E with tilde and caron
Ẽ̍ ẽ̍ E with tilde and vertical line
Ẽ̎ ẽ̎ E with tilde and double vertical line
Ē ē E with macron Creek, Ewondo, Greek transliteration, Hawaiian, Hiw, Igbo, Kaska, Latin, Latvian, Livonian, Maori, Mwotlap, Samoan, Samogitian, Sanskrit transliteration, Skolt Sámi, Tahitian, Tongan, Vurës
Ḕ ḕ E with macron and grave Greek transliteration, Latin, Sanskrit transliteration
Ḗ ḗ E with macron and acute Greek transliteration, Latin, Proto-Indo-European, Sanskrit transliteration
Ē̂ ē̂ E with macron and circumflex Proto-Germanic
Ē̃ ē̃ E with macron and tilde Proto-Indo-European, Sanskrit transliteration
Ē̃́ ē̃́ E with macron and tilde and acute Proto-Indo-European
Ē̄ ē̄ E with macron and macron Kienning Colloquial Romanized transliteration
Ē̆ ē̆ E with macron and breve Latin, Proto-Indo-European
Ē̆́ ē̆́ E with macron and breve and acute Latin
Ē̌ ē̌ E with macron and caron Greek transliteration
Ē̑ ē̑ E with macron and inverted breve Greek transliteration
Ĕ ĕ E with breve Chuvash, Latin, Skolt Sámi, Slavic dialectology, Yaghnobi; previously used in Malay and Romanian; cf. Cyrillic: Ӗ ӗ
Ĕ̀ ĕ̀ E with breve and grave Latin
Ĕ́ ĕ́ E with breve and acute Latin, Yaghnobi
Ĕ̄ ĕ̄ E with breve and macron Slavic dialectology
Ė ė E with dot above Cheyenne, Lithuanian, Old High German, Samogitian, Ulithian
Ė́ ė́ E with dot above and acute Lithuanian
Ė̃ ė̃ E with dot above and tilde Lithuanian
Ė̄ ė̄ E with dot above and macron Samogitian
Ë ë E with diaeresis Afrikaans, Albanian, Dutch, French, Hän, Hiw, Italian, Kaqchikel, Kashubian, Low Saxon, Luxembourgian, Old High German, Old Lithuanian, Ripuarian German, Seneca, Taiwanese Hokkien, Uighur, Vurës, Yapese; cf. Cyrillic: Ё ё
Ë̀ ë̀ E with diaeresis and grave
Ë́ ë́ E with diaeresis and acute Old High German, Old Lithuanian
Ë̂ ë̂ E with diaeresis and circumflex
Ë̃ ë̃ E with diaeresis and tilde Old High German, Old Lithuanian
Ë̄ ë̄ E with diaeresis and macron Old High German
Ë̌ ë̌ E with diaeresis and caron
Ẻ ẻ E with hook above Vietnamese
E̊ e̊ E with ring above Old High German, Runic transliteration, Walloon
E̊̄ e̊̄ E with ring above and macron Runic transliteration
E̋ e̋ E with double acute Old High German, Pehoe-Ji
Ě ě E with caron Awing, Bangolan, Czech, Ewondo, Hän, Hyam, Kaska, Kemezung, Kwanja, Lingala, Manenguba, Medumba, Mundani, Ngbaka Minagende, Ngiemboon, Ngomba, Nzime, Pinyin transliteration, Sorbian, Tagish, Tigon, Yoruba, Old Church Slavonic transliteration
Ě́ ě́ E with caron and acute Accented Czech, Old Church Slavonic transliteration
Ě̃ ě̃ E with caron and tilde Accented Czech
Ě̋ ě̋ E with caron and double acute Old Church Slavonic transliteration
Ě̑ ě̑ E with caron and inverted breve Old Church Slavonic transliteration
E̍ e̍ E with vertical line Pe̍h-ōe-jī, Taiwanese Romanization System
E̎ e̎ E with double vertical line
Ȅ ȅ E with double grave Croatian
Ȇ ȇ E with inverted breve Croatian, Old Church Slavonic transliteration
E̓ e̓ E with comma above Greek transliteration
E᷎ e᷎ E with ogonek above
Ȩ ȩ E with cedilla Dii, Hebrew transliteration, Mundani, Pana
Ȩ̀ ȩ̀ E with grave and cedilla
Ȩ́ ȩ́ E with acute and cedilla
Ȩ̂ ȩ̂ E with circumflex and cedilla
Ḝ ḝ E with breve and cedilla Hebrew transliteration
Ȩ̌ ȩ̌ E with caron and cedilla
Ẽ̦ ẽ̦ E with comma below and tilde Slavic dialectology
Ę ę E with ogonek Apache, Chipewyan, Creek, Elfdalian, Gwich'in, Han, Iñapari, Kaska, Lithuanian, Mescalero-Chiricahua, Navajo, Old High German, Old Norse, Polish, Sekani, Tagish, Tlingit, Tutchone, Winnebago
Ę̀ ę̀ E with grave and ogonek Navajo, Winnebago
Ę́ ę́ E with acute and ogonek Old Norse, Lithuanian, Navajo, Winnebago
Ę̂ ę̂ E with circumflex and ogonek Old High German
Ę̃ ę̃ E with tilde and ogonek Lithuanian
Ę̃́ ę̃́ E with tilde and acute and ogonek
Ę̄ ę̄ E with macron and ogonek Old Norse, Proto-Germanic, Slavic dialectology
Ę̄̀ ę̄̀ E with macron, grave and ogonek Slavic dialectology
Ę̄́ ę̄́ E with macron, acute and ogonek Old Norse, Slavic dialectology
Ę̄̂ ę̄̂ E with macron, circumflex and ogonek
Ę̄̃ ę̄̃ E with macron, tilde and ogonek Slavic dialectology
Ę̄̌ ę̄̌ E with macron, caron and ogonek
Ę̆ ę̆ E with breve and ogonek Slavic dialectology
Ę̇ ę̇ E with dot above and ogonek
Ę̇́ ę̇́ E with dot above, acute and ogonek
Ę̈ ę̈ E with diaeresis and ogonek Slavic dialectology, Old High German
Ę̈̀ ę̈̀ E with diaeresis, grave and ogonek
Ę̈́ ę̈́ E with diaeresis, acute and ogonek
Ę̈̂ ę̈̂ E with diaeresis, circumflex and ogonek
Ę̈̌ ę̈̌ E with diaeresis, caron and ogonek
Ę̈̄ ę̈̄ E with diaeresis, macron and ogonek
Ę̋ ę̋ E with double acute and ogonek
Ę̌ ę̌ E with caron and ogonek
Ę̑ ę̑ E with inverted breve and ogonek Old Church Slavonic transliteration
Ę̱ ę̱ E with ogonek and line below
Ę̱̀ ę̱̀ E with ogonek, line below, and grave
Ę̱́ ę̱́ E with ogonek, line below, and acute
Ę̣ ę̣ E with ogonek and dot below
Ę᷎ ę᷎ E with ogonek above and ogonek
Ḙ ḙ E with circumflex below Phonetic systems[which?]
Ḛ ḛ E with tilde below Ngambay, Zarma, !Xóõ
E̱ e̱ E with line below German dialectology
È̱ è̱ E with grave and line below
É̱ é̱ E with acute and line below
Ê̱ ê̱ E with circumflex and line below
Ẽ̱ ẽ̱ E with tilde and line below
Ē̱ ē̱ E with macron and line below
Ḕ̱ ḕ̱ E with macron, grave and line below
Ḗ̱ ḗ̱ E with macron, acute and line below
Ē̱̂ ē̱̂ E with macron, circumflex and line below
Ë̱ ë̱ E with diaeresis and line below
Ë̱̀ ë̱̀ E with diaeresis, grave, and line below
Ë̱́ ë̱́ E with diaeresis, acute, and line below
Ë̱̂ ë̱̂ E with diaeresis, circumflex, and line below
Ë̱̌ ë̱̌ E with diaeresis, caron, and line below
Ě̱ ě̱ E with caron and line below
E̮ e̮ E with breve below Uralic dialectology
Ē̮ ē̮ E with breve below and macron Uralic dialectology
Ẹ ẹ E with dot below Abua, Gokana, Ibibio, Isoko, Romance dialectology, Slavic dialectology, Urhobo, Vietnamese, Yaghnobi, Yakö, Yoruba
Ẹ̀ ẹ̀ E with grave and dot below Romance dialectology
Ẹ́ ẹ́ E with acute and dot below Romance dialectology, Yaghnobi
Ệ ệ E with circumflex and dot below Vietnamese
Ẹ̃ ẹ̃ E with tilde and dot below Romance dialectology
Ẹ̄ ẹ̄ E with macron and dot below Romance dialectology, Slavic dialectology
Ẹ̄̀ ẹ̄̀ E with macron and grave and dot below Romance dialectology
Ẹ̄́ ẹ̄́ E with macron and acute and dot below Romance dialectology
Ẹ̄̃ ẹ̄̃ E with macron and tilde and dot below Romance dialectology
Ẹ̆ ẹ̆ E with breve and dot below Romance dialectology, Slavic dialectology, Yaghnobi
Ẹ̆̀ ẹ̆̀ E with breve and grave and dot below
Ẹ̆́ ẹ̆́ E with breve and acute and dot below Yaghnobi
Ẹ̈ ẹ̈ E with diaeresis and dot below
Ẹ̈̀ ẹ̈̀ E with diaeresis, grave, and dot below
Ẹ̈́ ẹ̈́ E with diaeresis, acute, and dot below
Ẹ̈̂ ẹ̈̂ E with diaeresis, circumflex, and dot below
Ẹ̈̌ ẹ̈̌ E with diaeresis, caron, and dot below
Ẹ̍ ẹ̍ E with vertical line and dot below
Ẹ̌ ẹ̌ E with caron and dot below
Ẹ̑ ẹ̑ E with inverted breve and dot below Slavic dialectology
E̤ e̤ E with diaeresis below Pu-Xian Min
È̤ è̤ E with diaeresis below and grave
É̤ é̤ E with diaeresis below and acute
Ê̤ ê̤ E with diaeresis below and circumflex
Ë̤ ë̤ E with diaeresis below and diaeresis
E̥ e̥ E with ring below Arabic transliteration, Pashto transliteration, Persian transliteration
E̯ e̯ E with inverted breve below IPA and other phonetic alphabets
E̩ e̩ E with vertical line below
È̩ è̩ E with vertical line below and grave
É̩ é̩ E with vertical line below and acute
Ê̩ ê̩ E with vertical line below and circumflex
Ẽ̩ ẽ̩ E with vertical line below and tilde
Ē̩ ē̩ E with vertical line below and macron
Ě̩ ě̩ E with vertical line below and caron
E̩̍ e̩̍ E with vertical line below and vertical line
E̩̓ e̩̓ E with vertical line below and comma above
È͕ è͕ E with right arrowhead below and grave Uralic dialectology
Ê͕ ê͕ E with right arrowhead below and circumflex Uralic dialectology
Ẽ͕ ẽ͕ E with right arrowhead below and tilde Uralic dialectology
Ē͕ ē͕ E with right arrowhead below and macron Uralic dialectology
Ḕ͕ ḕ͕ E with right arrowhead below and macron and grave Uralic dialectology
E̜ e̜ E with left half ring below
E̹ e̹ E with right half ring below
È̹ è̹ E with right half ring below and grave
É̹ é̹ E with right half ring below and acute
Ê̹ ê̹ E with right half ring below and circumflex
Ẽ̹ ẽ̹ E with right half ring below and tilde
Ē̹ ē̹ E with right half ring below and macron
Ḕ̹ ḕ̹ E with right half ring below and macron and grave
Ɇ ɇ E with stroke Southeastern Tepehuan
E with retroflex hook previously in IPA
E with notch UPA
Schwa with retroflex hook previously in IPA
Open E with retroflex hook previously in IPA
ɚ Schwa with hook IPA
Reversed open E with retroflex hook previously in IPA
ɝ Reversed open E with hook (Reversed Epsilon hook) IPA
Ɛ̀ ɛ̀ Open E with grave
Ɛ́ ɛ́ Open E with acute
Ɛ̂ ɛ̂ Open E with circumflex
Ɛ̃ ɛ̃ Open E with tilde
Ɛ̃̀ ɛ̃̀ Open E with tilde and grave
Ɛ̃́ ɛ̃́ Open E with tilde and acute
Ɛ̃̂ ɛ̃̂ Open E with tilde and circumflex
Ɛ̃̌ ɛ̃̌ Open E with tilde and caron
Ɛ̃̍ ɛ̃̍ Open E with tilde and vertical line
Ɛ̃̎ ɛ̃̎ Open E with tilde and double vertical line
Ɛ̄ ɛ̄ Open E with macron
Ɛ̆ ɛ̆ Open E with breve
Ɛ̇ ɛ̇ Open E with dot above
Ɛ̈ ɛ̈ Open E with diaeresis
Ɛ̈̀ ɛ̈̀ Open E with diaeresis and grave
Ɛ̈́ ɛ̈́ Open E with diaeresis and acute
Ɛ̈̂ ɛ̈̂ Open E with diaeresis and circumflex
Ɛ̈̌ ɛ̈̌ Open E with diaeresis and caron
Ɛ̌ ɛ̌ Open E with caron
Ɛ̍ ɛ̍ Open E with vertical line
Ɛ̎ ɛ̎ Open E with double vertical line
Ɛ̣ ɛ̣ Open E with dot below
Ɛ̣̀ ɛ̣̀ Open E with dot below and grave
Ɛ̣́ ɛ̣́ Open E with dot below and acute
Ɛ̣̂ ɛ̣̂ Open E with dot below and circumflex
Ɛ̣̃ ɛ̣̃ Open E with dot below and tilde
Ɛ̣̈ ɛ̣̈ Open E with dot below and diaeresis
Ɛ̣̈̀ ɛ̣̈̀ Open E with dot below, diaeresis, and grave
Ɛ̣̈́ ɛ̣̈́ Open E with dot below, diaeresis, and acute
Ɛ̣̈̂ ɛ̣̈̂ Open E with dot below, diaeresis, and circumflex
Ɛ̣̈̌ ɛ̣̈̌ Open E with dot below, diaeresis, and caron
Ɛ̣̌ ɛ̣̌ Open E with dot below and caron
Ɛ̤ ɛ̤ Open E with diaeresis below
Ɛ̤̀ ɛ̤̀ Open E with diaeresis below and grave
Ɛ̤́ ɛ̤́ Open E with diaeresis below and acute
Ɛ̤̂ ɛ̤̂ Open E with diaeresis below and circumflex
Ɛ̤̈ ɛ̤̈ Open E with diaeresis below and diaeresis
Ɛ̧ ɛ̧ Open E with cedilla
Ɛ̧̀ ɛ̧̀ Open E with cedilla and grave
Ɛ̧́ ɛ̧́ Open E with cedilla and acute
Ɛ̧̂ ɛ̧̂ Open E with cedilla and circumflex
Ɛ̧̌ ɛ̧̌ Open E with cedilla and caron
Ɛ̨ ɛ̨ Open E with ogonek
Ɛ̨̀ ɛ̨̀ Open E with ogonek and grave
Ɛ̨́ ɛ̨́ Open E with ogonek and acute
Ɛ̨̂ ɛ̨̂ Open E with ogonek and circumflex
Ɛ̨̄ ɛ̨̄ Open E with ogonek and macron
Ɛ̨̆ ɛ̨̆ Open E with ogonek and breve
Ɛ̨̈ ɛ̨̈ Open E with ogonek and diaeresis
Ɛ̨̌ ɛ̨̌ Open E with ogonek and caron
Ɛ̰ ɛ̰ Open E with tilde below
Ɛ̰̀ ɛ̰̀ Open E with tilde below and grave
Ɛ̰́ ɛ̰́ Open E with tilde below and acute
Ɛ̰̄ ɛ̰̄ Open E with tilde below and macron
Ɛ̱ ɛ̱ Open E with line below
Ɛ̱̀ ɛ̱̀ Open E with line below and grave
Ɛ̱́ ɛ̱́ Open E with line below and acute
Ɛ̱̂ ɛ̱̂ Open E with line below and circumflex
Ɛ̱̃ ɛ̱̃ Open E with line below and tilde
Ɛ̱̈ ɛ̱̈ Open E with line below and diaeresis
Ɛ̱̈̀ ɛ̱̈̀ Open E with line below, diaeresis, and grave
Ɛ̱̈́ ɛ̱̈́ Open E with line below, diaeresis, and acute
Ɛ̱̌ ɛ̱̌ Open E with line below and caron
Ə̀ ə̀ Schwa with grave
Ə́ ə́ Schwa with acute
Ə̂ ə̂ Schwa with circumflex
Ə̄ ə̄ Schwa with macron Avestan transliteration
Ə̌ ə̌ Schwa with caron
F̀ f̀ F with grave ISO 9
F́ f́ F with acute Võro
F̃ f̃ F with tilde Igbo (alternate orthography)
F̄ f̄ F with macron ISO 11940
Ḟ ḟ F with dot above Irish (old orthography), Old High German, Old Russian transliteration
F̓ f̓ F with comma above
F̧ f̧ F with cedilla ALA-LC romanization of Abkhaz
F with middle tilde  
F with palatal hook  
Ƒ ƒ F with hook (Script F) Ewe
F̱ f̱ F with line below
F̣ f̣ F with dot below Georgian transliteration
ꜰ̇ Small capital F
Ꝼ́ ꝼ́ Insular F with acute
Ꝼ̇ ꝼ̇ Insular F with dot above
Ꝼ̣ ꝼ̣ Insular F with dot below
G̀ g̀ G with grave ISO 9
Ǵ ǵ G with acute Kharosthi transliteration, Macedonian transliteration, Middle Persian Transliteration
Ǵ̄ ǵ̄ G with acute and macron Kharosthi transliteration
Ĝ ĝ G with circumflex Aleut, Esperanto, Proto-Indo-European dialectology
G̃ g̃ G with tilde Pre-1936 Tagalog letter; ng
G̃́ g̃́ G with tilde and acute
Ḡ ḡ G with macron Hebrew transliteration, Kharosthi transliteration, Middle Persian Transliteration
Ḡ́ ḡ́ G with macron and acute Middle Persian Transliteration
Ğ ğ G with breve Turkish, Azerbaijani, Crimean Tatar, Laz, Bashkir transliteration
Ġ ġ G with dot above Iñupiat, Irish (old orthography), Maltese, Old High German
G̈ g̈ G with diaeresis Nawdm, ALA-LC romanization of Sindhi
G̈̇ g̈̇ G with three dots above/diaeresis and dot above Tifinagh transliteration
G̊ g̊ G with ring above IPA
G̋ g̋ G with double acute Old Maltese orthography
Ǧ ǧ G with caron Arabic transliteration, Berber, Lakota, Manichaean transliteration, Romani, Skolt Sami
Ǧ̈ ǧ̈ G with caron and diaeresis Manichaean transliteration
G̑ g̑ G with inverted breve Aleut (alternative orthography), Old Church Slavonic transliteration, Proto-Indo-European dialectology
G̒ g̒ G with turned comma above
G̓ g̓ G with comma above
G̕ g̕ G with comma above right
G̔ g̔ G with reversed comma above
Ģ ģ G with cedilla Latvian
G̦ g̦ G with comma below Old Latgalian
G̱ g̱ G with line below Hebrew transliteration, Middle Persian transliteration, Sindhi transliteration
G̱̓ g̱̓ G with line below and comma above
G̮ g̮ G with breve below Romance Dialectology
G̣ g̣ G with dot below Eyak, Georgian transliteration
G̤ g̤ G with diaeresis below
G̥ g̥ G with ring below IPA and other phonetic alphabets
G̫ g̫ G with inverted double arch below IPA
Ꞡ ꞡ G with oblique stroke Pre-1921 Latvian letter
Ǥ ǥ G with stroke Proto-Germanic, Skolt Sami
G with palatal hook  
Ɠ ɠ G with hook Voiced velar implosive
ɢ̇ Small capital G with dot above
ɢ̣ Small capital G with dot below
ʛ Small capital G with hook Voiced uvular implosive
Ɣ̓ ɣ̓ Gamma with comma above Thompson
H̀ h̀ H with grave Greek transliteration
H́ h́ H with acute Avestan transliteration, Greek transliteration, Kharosthi transliteration, Võro, ALA-LC romanization
Ĥ ĥ H with circumflex Esperanto
H̄ h̄ H with macron ISO 11940
Ḣ ḣ H with dot above Avestan Transliteration, Cyrillic transliteration, Old High German
Ḧ ḧ H with diaeresis Kurdish
Ȟ ȟ H with caron Finnish Romani, Lakota
H̐ h̐ H with chandrabindu ALA-LC romanization of Kabardian
H̓ h̓ H with comma above Heiltsuk
H̕ h̕ H with comma above right
Ḩ ḩ H with cedilla Arabic transliteration
H̨ h̨ H with ogonek Uyghur transliteration
H̭ h̭ H with circumflex below Egyptian hiergolyphic transliteration
H̱ ẖ H with line below Arabic transliteration, Middle Persian transliteration
Ḫ ḫ H with breve below Arabic transliteration
Ḥ ḥ H with dot below Arabic transliteration
Ḥ̣ ḥ̣ H with colon below Hebrew transliteration
H̤ h̤ H with diaeresis below
H̥ h̥ H with ring below IPA
H̬ h̬ H with caron below IPA
H̯ h̯ H with inverted breve below Egyptian hiergolyphic transliteration
Ħ ħ H with stroke Voiceless pharyngeal fricative; Maltese
Ħ̥ ħ̥ H with stroke and ring below IPA
Ɦ ɦ H with hook Voiced glottal fricative; Dagaare, Massa
Ⱨ ⱨ H with descender Uyghur. c.f. Cyrillic: Ҙ ҙ
H with retroflex hook
ʜ̇ Small capital H
ɧ Heng with hook Voiceless palatal-velar fricative
Ì ì I with grave Italian, Luba-Kasai, Maltese, Pinyin transliteration, Scottish Gaelic
Í í I with acute Czech, Danish, Faroese, Icelandic, Lingala, Lithuanian, Pinyin transliteration, Romanian, Slovak, Spanish, Tatar, Vietnamese, Yaghnobi
Î î I with circumflex French, Italian, Accented Latvian, Romanian
Î́ î́ I with circumflex and acute Romanian
Ĩ ĩ I with tilde Apalai, Bariba, Boko, Accented Czech, Greenlandic, Guaraní, Kikuyu, Accented Latvian, Lithuanian, Umbundu, Vietnamese, Zarma
Ĩ́ ĩ́ I with tilde and acute
Ĩ̀ ĩ̀ I with tilde and grave
Ĩ̂ ĩ̂ I with tilde and circumflex
Ĩ̌ ĩ̌ I with tilde and caron
Ĩ̍ ĩ̍ I with tilde and vertical line
Ĩ̎ ĩ̎ I with tilde and double vertical line
Ī ī I with macron Latvian, Latin, Sanskrit transliteration
Ī́ ī́ I with macron and acute Latin, Sanskrit transliteration
Ī̀ ī̀ I with macron and grave Latin, Sanskrit transliteration
Ī̂ ī̂ I with macron and circumflex
Ī̌ ī̌ I with macron and caron
Ī̃ ī̃ I with macron and tilde Sanskrit transliteration
Ī̄ ī̄ I with macron and macron Kienning Colloquial Romanized transliteration
Ī̆ ī̆ I with macron and breve Latin
Ī̆́ ī̆́ I with macron and breve and acute Latin
Ĭ ĭ I with breve Jarai, Latin, Yaghnobi; Previously used in Romanian
Ĭ̀ ĭ̀ I with breve and grave Latin
Ĭ́ ĭ́ I with breve and acute Latin, Yaghnobi
İ i I (uppercase) with dot above Turkish, Azerbaijani, Old High German
I ı I (lowercase, i.e. ı) without dot above Turkish, Azerbaijani, Old High German
İ́ i̇́ I with dot above and acute
Ï ï I with diaeresis Afrikaans, Catalan, Dutch, French, Greek transliteration, Italian, Spanish
Ï̀ ï̀ I with diaeresis and grave Greek transliteration
Ḯ ḯ I with diaeresis and acute Greek transliteration
Ï̂ ï̂ I with diaeresis and circumflex
Ï̃ ï̃ I with diaeresis and tilde
Ï̄ ï̄ I with diaeresis and macron
Ï̌ ï̌ I with diaeresis and caron
Ï̑ ï̑ I with diaeresis and inverted breve Greek transliteration
I̊ i̊ I with ring above Old High German
I̋ i̋ I with double acute Old High German
Ǐ ǐ I with caron Pinyin
Ỉ ỉ I with hook above Vietnamese
I̍ i̍ I with vertical line Pe̍h-oē-jī, Taiwanese Romanization System and other romanizations of Chinese dialects
I̎ i̎ I with double vertical line
Ȉ ȉ I with double grave Croatian
I̐ i̐ I with chandrabindu ALA-LC Romanization
Ȋ ȋ I with inverted breve Croatian, Old Church Slavonic transliteration
I᷎ i᷎ I with ogonek above
Į į I with ogonek Lithuanian, Navajo
Į̀ į̀ I with ogonek and grave Navajo
Į́ į́ į̇́ I with ogonek and acute Lithuanian, Navajo
Į̂ į̂ I with ogonek and circumflex
Į̃ į̃ į̇̃ I with ogonek and tilde Lithuanian
Į̄ į̄ I with ogonek and macron Proto-Germanic
Į̄̀ į̄̀ I with ogonek, macron, and grave
Į̄́ į̄́ I with ogonek, macron, and acute
Į̄̂ į̄̂ I with ogonek, macron, and circumflex
Į̄̆ į̄̆ I with ogonek, macron, and breve
Į̄̌ į̄̌ I with ogonek, macron, and caron
Į̈ į̈ I with ogonek and diaeresis
Į̈̀ į̈̀ I with ogonek, diaeresis, and grave
Į̈́ į̈́ I with ogonek, diaeresis, and acute
Į̈̂ į̈̂ I with ogonek, diaeresis, and circumflex
Į̈̌ į̈̌ I with ogonek, diaeresis, and caron
Į̈̄ į̈̄ I with ogonek, diaeresis, and macron
Į̋ į̋ I with ogonek and double acute
Į̌ į̌ I with ogonek and caron
Į̱ į̱ I with ogonek and line below
Į̱́ į̱́ I with ogonek, line below, and acute
Į̱̀ į̱̀ I with ogonek, line below, and grave
I̓ i̓ I with comma above Heiltsuk
I̧ i̧ I with cedilla
Í̧ í̧ I with cedilla and acute
Ì̧ ì̧ I with cedilla and grave
Î̧ î̧ I with cedilla and circumflex
I̭ i̭ I with circumflex below Cuneiform transliteration
Ī̭ ī̭ I with circumflex below and macron Cuneiform transliteration
Ḭ ḭ I with tilde below  
Ḭ̀ ḭ̀ I with tilde below and grave
Ḭ́ ḭ́ I with tilde below and acute
Ḭ̄ ḭ̄ I with tilde below and macron
Ḭ̈ ḭ̈ I with tilde below and diaeresis
Ḭ̈́ ḭ̈́ I with tilde below, diaeresis, and acute
I̱ i̱ I with line below German dialectology
Ì̱ ì̱ I with line below and grave
Í̱ í̱ I with line below and acute
Î̱ î̱ I with line below and circumflex
Ǐ̱ ǐ̱ I with line below and caron
Ĩ̱ ĩ̱ I with line below and tilde
Ï̱ ï̱ I with line below and diaeresis
Ḯ̱ ḯ̱ I with line below, diaeresis, and acute
Ï̱̀ ï̱̀ I with line below, diaeresis, and grave
Ï̱̂ ï̱̂ I with line below, diaeresis, and circumflex
Ï̱̌ ï̱̌ I with line below, diaeresis, and caron
Ī̱ ī̱ I with line below and macron
Ī̱́ ī̱́ I with line below, macron, and acute
Ī̱̀ ī̱̀ I with line below, macron, and grave
Ī̱̂ ī̱̂ I with line below, macron, and circumflex
I̮ i̮ I with breve below Uralic dialectology
Ị ị I with dot below Vietnamese
Ị̀ ị̀ I with dot below and grave
Ị́ ị́ I with dot below and acute
Ị̂ ị̂ I with dot below and circumflex
Ị̃ ị̃ I with dot below and tilde
Ị̄ ị̄ I with dot below and macron Romance dialectology
Ị̈ ị̈ I with dot below and diaeresis
Ị̈̀ ị̈̀ I with dot below, diaeresis, and grave
Ị̈́ ị̈́ I with dot below, diaeresis, and acute
Ị̈̂ ị̈̂ I with dot below, diaeresis, and circumflex
Ị̈̌ ị̈̌ I with dot below, diaeresis, and caron
Ị̌ ị̌ I with dot below and caron
Ị̍ ị̍ I with dot below and vertical line
I̤ i̤ I with diaeresis below
Ì̤ ì̤ I with diaeresis below and grave
Í̤ í̤ I with diaeresis below and acute
Î̤ î̤ I with diaeresis below and circumflex
Ï̤ ï̤ I with diaeresis below and diaeresis
I̥ i̥ I with ring below Hebrew transliteration, Arabic transliteration, Yaghnobi
Í̥ í̥ I with ring below and acute Yaghnobi
Ï̥ ï̥ I with ring below and diaeresis
I̯ i̯ I with inverted breve below IPA, Proto-Indo-European
Í̯ í̯ I with inverted breve below and acute Proto-Indo-European
Ĩ̯ ĩ̯ I with inverted breve below and tilde Proto-Indo-European
I̩ i̩ I with vertical line below
I͔ i͔ I with left arrowhead below Uralic dialectology
Ī͔ ī͔ I with left arrowhead below and macron Uralic dialectology
Ɨ ɨ I with stroke Close central unrounded vowel; General Alphabet of Cameroon languages
Ɨ̀ ɨ̀ I with stroke and grave
Ɨ́ ɨ́ I with stroke and acute
Ɨ̂ ɨ̂ I with stroke and circumflex
Ɨ̌ ɨ̌ I with stroke and caron
Ɨ̃ ɨ̃ I with stroke and tilde
Ɨ̄ ɨ̄ I with stroke and macron
Ɨ̈ ɨ̈ I with stroke and diaeresis
Ɨ̧ ɨ̧ I with stroke and cedilla
Ɨ̧̀ ɨ̧̀ I with stroke, cedilla and grave
Ɨ̧̂ ɨ̧̂ I with stroke, cedilla, and circumflex
Ɨ̧̌ ɨ̧̌ I with stroke, cedilla and caron
Ɨ̱ ɨ̱ I with stroke and line below
Ɨ̱̀ ɨ̱̀ I with stroke, line below, and grave
Ɨ̱́ ɨ̱́ I with stroke, line below, and acute
Ɨ̱̂ ɨ̱̂ I with stroke, line below, and circumflex
Ɨ̱̈ ɨ̱̈ I with stroke, line below, and diaeresis
Ɨ̱̌ ɨ̱̌ I with stroke, line below, and caron
Ɨ̯ ɨ̯ I with stroke and inverted breve below
I with retroflex hook  
ı̣ Dotless I with dot below Slavic dialectology
ı̥
Ɩ̀ ɩ̀ Iota with grave
Ɩ́ ɩ́ Iota with acute
Ɩ̃ ɩ̃ Iota with tilde
Iota with stroke  
J́ j́ J with acute ISO 9, Kharosthi transliteration
Ĵ ĵ J with circumflex Esperanto
J̃ j̃ j̇̃ J with tilde Lithuanian
J̄ j̄ J with macron Kharosthi transliteration
J with dot above Old High German
J̈ j̈ J with diaeresis
J̈̇ j̈̇ J with three dots above/diaeresis and dot above Tifinagh transliteration
J̊ j̊ J with ring above Old High German
J̋ j̋ J with double acute
J̌ ǰ J with caron Wakhi, Uralic dialectology
J̌́ ǰ́ J with caron and acute Uralic dialectology
J̓ j̓ J with comma above
J᷎ j᷎ J with ogonek above
J̱ j̱ J with line below Sindhi transliteration
J̣ j̣ J with dot below Old High German
J̣̌ ǰ̣ J with dot below and caron Wakhi
J̥ j̥ J with ring below IPA and other phonetic alphabets
Ɉ ɉ J with stroke Arhuaco
Ɉ̱ ɉ̱ J with stroke and line below  
ʝ J with crossed-tail Voiced palatal fricative
ȷ Dotless J Old High German
ɟ Dotless J with stroke Voiced palatal plosive
ʄ Dotless J with stroke and hook Voiced palatal implosive
K̀ k̀ K with grave Greek transliteration, ISO 9
Ḱ ḱ K with acute Greek transliteration, ISO 9, Macedonian transliteration
K̂ k̂ K with circumflex Carian transliteration, Proto-Indo-Iranian dialectology
K̃ k̃ K with tilde Greek transliteration
K̄ k̄ K with macron ISO 9
K̆ k̆ K with breve Uralic dialectology
K̇ k̇ K with dot above Old High German; ALA-LC romanizations
K̈ k̈ K with diaeresis Manichaean transliteration
Ǩ ǩ K with caron Skolt Sami, Laz
K̑ k̑ K with inverted breve Proto-Indo-European dialectology, Old Church Slavonic transliteration
K̓ k̓ K with comma above Greek transliteration
K̕ k̕ K with comma above right
K̔ k̔ K with reversed comma above
K͑ k͑ K with left half ring above Armenian transliteration
Ķ ķ K with cedilla Latvian
K̦ k̦ K with comma below Old Latgalian
K̨ k̨ K with ogonek Uyghur transliteration
Ḵ ḵ K with line below Hebrew transliteration, Middle Persian transliteration
Ḵ̓ ḵ̓ K with line below and comma above
Ḳ ḳ K with dot below Arabic transliteration, Georgian transliteration
K̮ k̮ K with breve below Romance dialectology
K̥ k̥ K with ring below
K̬ k̬ K with caron below IPA and other phonetic alphabets
K̫ k̫ K with inverted double arch below IPA and other phonetic alphabets
K with palatal hook  
Ƙ ƙ K with hook Hausa
Ⱪ ⱪ K with descender Uyghur. c.f. Cyrillic: Қ қ
Ꝁ ꝁ K with stroke Medieval abbreviations[5]
Ꝃ ꝃ K with diagonal stroke Medieval abbreviations[5]
Ꝅ ꝅ K with stroke and diagonal stroke Medieval abbreviations[5]
Ꞣ ꞣ K with oblique stroke Pre-1921 Latvian letter
ᴋ̇ Small capital K with dot above
L̀ l̀ L with grave
Ĺ ĺ L with acute Slovak
L̂ l̂ L with circumflex Accented Latvian, ISO 9
L̃ l̃ L with tilde Accented Latvian, Lithuanian
L̄ l̄ L with macron Basque
L̇ l̇ L with dot above Old High German; Previously used in Czech
L̈ l̈ L with diaeresis
L̋ l̋ L with double acute
Ľ ľ L with caron Romani, Slovak
L̐ l̐ L with chandrabindu Sanskrit transliteration
L̑ l̑ L with inverted breve Old Church Slavonic transliteration
L̓ l̓ L with comma above Heiltsuk, Thompson
L̕ l̕ L with comma above right
Ļ ļ L with cedilla Latvian, Marshallese
Ļ̂ ļ̂ L with cedilla and circumflex Accented Latvian
Ļ̃ ļ̃ L with cedilla and tilde Accented Latvian
L̦ l̦ L with comma below Nenets in the 1930s, Old Latgalian
Ḽ ḽ L with circumflex below Venda
Ḻ ḻ L with line below Middle Persian transliteration, Tamil transliteration
Ḻ̓ ḻ̓ L with comma above and line below
L̮ l̮ L with breve below Romance dialectology
Ḷ ḷ L with dot below Bengali transliteration, Iñupiat, Proto-Indo-European, Sanskrit transliteration
Ḷ̀ ḷ̀ L with grave and dot below Proto-Indo-European, Sanskrit transliteration
Ḷ́ ḷ́ L with acute and dot below Proto-Indo-European, Sanskrit transliteration
Ḹ ḹ L with dot below and macron Proto-Indo-European, Sanskrit transliteration
Ḹ́ ḹ́ L with dot below and macron and acute Proto-Indo-European, Sanskrit transliteration
Ḹ̆ ḹ̆ L with dot below and macron and breve Proto-Indo-European
Ḷ̓ ḷ̓ L with comma above and dot below
Ḷ̕ ḷ̕ L with comma above right and dot below
Ḷ̣ ḷ̣ L with colon below Hebrew transliteration
L̤ l̤ L with diaeresis below Bengali transliteration
L̤̄ l̤̄ L with diaeresis below and macron Bengali transliteration
L̥ l̥ L with ring below Proto-Indo-European, Sanskrit transliteration
L̥̀ l̥̀ L with ring below and grave Sanskrit transliteration
Ĺ̥ ĺ̥ L with ring below and acute Proto-Indo-European, Sanskrit transliteration
L̥̄ l̥̄ L with ring below and macron Proto-Indo-European, Sanskrit transliteration
L̥̄́ l̥̄́ L with ring below and macron and acute Proto-Indo-European, Sanskrit transliteration
L̥̄̆ l̥̄̆ L with ring below and macron and breve Proto-Indo-European
L̥̕ l̥̕ L with ring below and caron Sanskrit transliteration
L̩ l̩ L with vertical line below IPA and other phonetic alphabets
L̩̀ l̩̀ L with vertical line below and grave
L̩̓ l̩̓ L with vertical line below and comma above
L̯ l̯ L with inverted breve below IPA and other phonetic alphabets
Ł ł L with stroke Gwich'in, Iñupiat, Kashubian, Navajo, Polish, Sorbian
Ł̇ ł̇ L with stroke and dot above
Ł̓ ł̓ L with stroke and comma above
Ł̣ ł̣ L with stroke and dot below Iñupiat
Ł̱ ł̱ L with stroke and line below
Ꝉ ꝉ L with high stroke Medieval abbreviations[5]
Ƚ ƚ L with bar Saanich
Ⱡ ⱡ L with double bar Melpa
Ɫ ɫ L with middle tilde Velarized alveolar lateral approximant
ɬ L with belt Voiceless alveolar lateral fricative
L with palatal hook  
ɭ L with retroflex hook Retroflex lateral approximant
L with retroflex hook and belt Voiceless retroflex lateral fricative in Toda
ȴ L with curl  
ʟ̇ Small capital L with dot above
ʟ̣ Small capital L with dot below
ƛ Lambda with stroke  
ƛ̓ Lambda with stroke and comma above
λ̴ Lambda with middle tilde Heiltsuk
λ̴̓ Lambda with middle tilde and comma above Heiltsuk
M̀ m̀ M with grave Doo, Gokana, Kikongo, Old Italian, Tarok, Yoruba, Pinyin transliteration and other transliterations of Chinese dialects
Ḿ ḿ M with acute Dii, Gokana, Makari, Tarok, Võro, Yoruba, Yupik, Pinyin transliteration and other transliterations of Chinese dialects; previously used in Sorbian
M̂ m̂ M with circumflex Accented Latvian, Luxembourgian, Old High German, Pe̍h-ōe-jī, Taiwanese Romanization System and other transliterations of Chinese dialects
M̃ m̃ M with tilde Accented Latvian, Lithuanian, Lycian transliteration
M̄ m̄ M with macron Kharosthi transliteration, Pe̍h-ōe-jī, Taiwanese Romanization System and other transliterations of Chinese dialects
M̆ m̆ M with breve Sinhala transliteration
Ṁ ṁ M with dot above Irish (old orthography), Old High German, Sanskrit transliteration
Ṁ̇ ṁ̇ M with colon above Sanskrit transliteration
M̈ m̈ M with diaeresis Araki, Old German
M̋ m̋ M with double acute
M̍ m̍ M with vertical line Pe̍h-ōe-jī, Taiwanese Romanization System and other transliterations of Chinese dialects.
M̌ m̌ M with caron Tarok, Wenzhounese Romanization System (used since the 19th Century)
M̐ m̐ M with chandrabindu Sanskrit transliteration
M̑ m̑ M with inverted breve Old Church Slavonic transliteration
M̓ m̓ M with comma above
M̕̕ m̕ M with comma above right
M͑ m͑ M with left half ring above Armenian transliteration
M with middle tilde  
M̧ m̧ M with cedilla Marshallese
M̨ m̨ M with ogonek Avestan transliteration, Uralic dialectology
M̦ m̦ M with comma below Nenets in the 1930's
M̱ m̱ M with line below Middle Persian transliteration, Telugu transliteration
Ḿ̱ ḿ̱ M with line below and acute Telugu transliteration
M̮ m̮ M with breve below Romance Dialectology
Ṃ ṃ M with dot below Sanskrit transliteration, Thaana transliteration
Ṃ́ ṃ́ M with acute and dot below Thaana transliteration
Ṃ̄ ṃ̄ M with macron and dot below Thaana transliteration
Ṃ̓ ṃ̓ M with comma above and dot below
M̥ m̥ M with ring below Proto-Indo-European, Sanskrit transliteration
Ḿ̥ ḿ̥ M with ring below and acute Proto-Indo-European, Sanskrit transliteration
M̥̄ m̥̄ M with ring below and macron Proto-Indo-European, Sanskrit transliteration
M̥̄́ m̥̄́ M with ring below and macron and acute Proto-Indo-European, Sanskrit transliteration
M̥̄̆ m̥̄̆ M with ring below and macron and breve Proto-Indo-European
M̬ m̬ M with caron below Uralic dialectology
M̩ m̩ M with vertical line below IPA and other phonetic alphabets
M̩̀ m̩̀ M with vertical line below and grave
M̩̓ m̩̓ M with vertical line below and comma above
M̯ m̯ M with inverted breve below IPA and other phonetic alphabets
M with palatal hook  
M with retroflex hook
Ɱ ɱ M with hook Labiodental nasal
ᴍ̇ Small capital M with dot above
ᴍ̣ Small capital M with dot below
Ǹ ǹ N with grave Dii, Kikongo, Old Italian, Pe̍h-ōe-jī, Tarok, Taiwanese Romanization System and other transliterations of Chinese dialects
Ń ń N with acute Polish, Kashubian, Lule Sámi, Pe̍h-ōe-jī, Sorbian, Tarok, Taiwanese Romanization System and other transliterations of Chinese dialects
N̂ n̂ N with circumflex Chiricahua, Accented Latvian, Luxembourgian, Massa, ISO 9, Old High German, Pe̍h-ōe-jī, Taiwanese Romanization System and other transliterations of Chinese dialects
Ñ ñ N with tilde Aragonese, Asturian, Basque, Breton, Catalan, Galician, Guaraní, Hassaniya, Iñupiat, Accented Latvian, Lithuanian, Ocaina, Quechua, Sanskrit transliteration, Spanish, Tagalog, Wolof
Ñ̈ ñ̈ N with tilde and diaeresis Ocaina
N̄ n̄ N with macron Basque, Kharosthi transliteration, Pe̍h-ōe-jī, Taiwanese Romanization System and other transliterations of Chinese dialects
N̆ n̆ N with breve Sinhala transliteration
Ṅ ṅ N with dot above Sanskrit transliteration
Ṅ̇ ṅ̇ N with colon above Sanskrit transliteration
N̈ n̈ N with diaeresis Cape Verdan Creole, Jacaltec, Malagasy, Ocaina, Old German
N̋ n̋ N with double acute Malagasy
Ň ň N with caron Czech, Slovak, Tarok, Turkmen
N̐ n̐ N with chandrabindu Sanskrit transliteration
N̑ n̑ N with inverted breve Old Church Slavonic Transliteration
N̍ n̍ N with vertical line Pe̍h-ōe-jī, Taiwanese Romanization System and other transliterations of Chinese dialects.
N̓ n̓ N with comma above
N̕ n̕ N with comma above right
Ꞥ ꞥ N with oblique stroke Pre-1921 Latvian letter
N with middle tilde  
Ņ ņ N with cedilla Latvian
Ņ̂ ņ̂ N with cedilla and circumflex Accented Latvian
Ņ̃ ņ̃ N with cedilla and tilde Accented Latvian
N̦ n̦ N with comma below Old Latgalian, Nenets in the 1930s
N̨ n̨ N with ogonek Azerbaijani, Tatar (alternate form of N with descender), Tuvan transliteration, Uralic dialectology
Ṋ ṋ N with circumflex below Venda
N̰ n̰ N with tilde below
Ṉ ṉ N with line below Tamil transliteration, Telugu transliteration
Ṉ́ ṉ́ N with line below and acute Telugu transliteration
N̮ n̮ N with breve below Romance dialectology
Ṇ ṇ N with dot below used in phonetic Sanskrit transliteration, Thaana transliteration
Ṇ́ ṇ́ N with acute and dot below Thaana transliteration
Ṇ̄ ṇ̄ N with macron and dot below Thaana transliteration
Ṇ̄́ ṇ̄́ N with macron and acute and dot below Thaana transliteration
Ṇ̓ ṇ̓ N with comma above and dot below
N̤ n̤ N with diaeresis below Arabic transliteration, Sindhi transliteration, Tamil transliteration
N̥ n̥ N with ring below Proto-Indo-European, Sanskrit transliteration, Arabic transliteration
Ǹ̥ ǹ̥ N with ring below and grave Sanskrit transliteration
Ń̥ ń̥ N with ring below and acute Proto-Indo-European, Sanskrit transliteration
Ñ̥ ñ̥ N with ring below and tilde Sanskrit transliteration
Ñ̥́ ñ̥́ N with ring below and tilde and acute Sanskrit transliteration
N̥̄ n̥̄ N with ring below and macron Proto-Indo-European, Sanskrit transliteration
N̥̄́ n̥̄́ N with ring below and macron and acute Proto-Indo-European, Sanskrit transliteration
N̥̄̆ n̥̄̆ N with ring below and macron and breve Proto-Indo-European
N̥̄̑ n̥̄̑ N with ring below and macron and inverted breve Proto-Indo-European
Ṅ̥ ṅ̥ N with ring below and dot above Sanskrit transliteration
N̥̑ n̥̑ N with ring below and inverted breve Proto-Indo-European
N̥̑́ n̥̑́ N with ring below and inverted breve and acute Proto-Indo-European
N̥̑̄ n̥̑̄ N with ring below and inverted breve and macron Proto-Indo-European
N̯ n̯ N with inverted breve below
N̩ n̩ N with vertical line below IPA and other phonetic alphabets
Ǹ̩ ǹ̩ N with vertical line below and grave
N̩̓ n̩̓ N with vertical line below and comma above
N̲ n̲ N with underline
Ɲ ɲ N with left hook Palatal nasal; Bambara and other African languages
Ƞ ƞ N with long right leg Jakota
Ꞑ ꞑ N with descender Jaꞑalif letter for Tatar
Ŋ̀ ŋ̀ Eng with grave
Ŋ́ ŋ́ Eng with acute Avestan transliteration
Ŋ̂ ŋ̂ Eng with circumflex Old High German
Ŋ̄ ŋ̄ Eng with macron
Ŋ̈ ŋ̈ Eng with diaeresis
Ŋ̈̇ ŋ̈̇ Eng with diaeresis and dot above (three dots above) Tifinagh transliteration
Ŋ̊ ŋ̊ Eng with ring above IPA and other phonetic alphabets
Ŋ̑ ŋ̑ Eng with inverted breve Old Church Slavonic transliteration
Ŋ̨ ŋ̨ Eng with ogonek Uralic dialectology
Ŋ̥ ŋ̥ Eng with ring below Proto-Indo-European
Ŋ̥́ ŋ̥́ Eng with ring below and acute Proto-Indo-European
Ŋ̥̄ ŋ̥̄ Eng with ring below and macron Proto-Indo-European
Ŋ̥̄́ ŋ̥̄́ Eng with ring below and macron and acute Proto-Indo-European
N with palatal hook  
ɳ N with retroflex hook Retroflex nasal
ȵ N with curl  
ɴ̇ Small capital N with dot above
ɴ̣ Small capital N with dot below
Ò ò O with grave Maltese, Italian, Pinyin transliteration, Pe̍h-ōe-jī, Taiwanese Romanization System and other transliterations of Chinese dialects
Ó ó O with acute Italian, Polish, Pinyin transliteration, Pe̍h-ōe-jī, Spanish, Taiwanese Romanization System and other transliterations of Chinese dialects
Ô ô O with circumflex French, Jarai, Kashubian, Portuguese, Slovak, Vietnamese, Pe̍h-ōe-jī, Taiwanese Romanization System and other transliterations of Chinese dialects
Ố ố O with circumflex and acute Vietnamese
Ồ ồ O with circumflex and grave Vietnamese
Ỗ ỗ O with circumflex and tilde Vietnamese
Ô̆ ô̆ O with circumflex and breve Jarai
Ổ ổ O with circumflex and hook above Vietnamese
Õ õ O with tilde Portuguese, Vietnamese
Õ̍ õ̍ O with tilde and vertical line
Õ̎ õ̎ O with tilde and double vertical line
Õ̀ õ̀ O with tilde and grave
Ṍ ṍ O with tilde and acute  
Õ̂ õ̂ O with tilde and circumflex
Õ̌ õ̌ O with tilde and caron
Ṏ ṏ O with tilde and diaeresis  
Ȭ ȭ O with tilde and macron  
Ō ō O with macron Pre-1946 Latvian letter, still sometimes used in some non-standard orthographies
Ṓ ṓ O with macron and acute  
Ṑ ṑ O with macron and grave  
Ō̂ ō̂ O with macron and circumflex
Ō̃ ō̃ O with macron and tilde
Ō̃́ ō̃́ O with macron and tilde and acute
Ō̄ ō̄ O with macron and macron Kienning Colloquial Romanized transliteration
Ō̆ ō̆ O with macron and breve
Ō̆́ ō̆́ O with macron and breve and acute
Ō̈ ō̈ O with macron and diaeresis
Ō̌ ō̌ O with macron and caron
Ŏ ŏ O with breve Foochow Romanized, Jarai, Latin
Ŏ̀ ŏ̀ O with breve and grave
Ŏ́ ŏ́ O with breve and acute
Ŏ̈ ŏ̈ O with breve and diaeresis
Ȯ ȯ O with dot above  
Ȯ́ ȯ́ O with dot above and acute
Ȱ ȱ O with dot above and macron  
O͘ o͘ O with dot above right Pe̍h-ōe-jī
Ó͘ ó͘ O with dot above right and acute Pe̍h-ōe-jī
Ò͘ ò͘ O with dot above right and grave Pe̍h-ōe-jī
Ō͘ ō͘ O with dot above right and macron Pe̍h-ōe-jī
O̍͘ o̍͘ O with dot above and vertical line Pe̍h-ōe-jī
Ö ö O with diaeresis Emiliano-Romagnolo, Estonian, Finnish, German, Luxembourgish, North Frisian, Rotuman, Sami, Saterlandic, Slovak, Tatar, Turkmen, and Ulster-Scots; cf. Cyrillic: Ӧ ӧ
Ö́ ö́ O with diaeresis and acute
Ö̀ ö̀ O with diaeresis and grave Zurich German (some spellings)[7]
Ö̂ ö̂ O with diaeresis and circumflex
Ö̌ ö̌ O with diaeresis and caron
Ö̃ ö̃ O with diaeresis and tilde
Ȫ ȫ O with diaeresis and macron  
Ȫ̆ ȫ̆ O with diaeresis and macron and breve
Ö̆ ö̆ O with diaeresis and breve
Ỏ ỏ O with hook above Vietnamese
O̊ o̊ O with ring above
Ő ő O with double acute Hungarian
Ǒ ǒ O with caron Pinyin transliteration
O̍ o̍ O with vertical line Pe̍h-ōe-jī, Taiwanese Romanization System
O̎ o̎ O with double vertical line
Ȍ ȍ O with double grave  
O̐ o̐ O with chandrabindu
Ȏ ȏ O with inverted breve  
O̓ o̓ O with comma above
Ø ø O with stroke Close-mid front rounded vowel
Ø̀ ø̀ O with stroke and grave
Ǿ ǿ O with stroke and acute  
Ø̂ ø̂ O with stroke and circumflex
Ø̃ ø̃ O with stroke and tilde
Ø̄ ø̄ O with stroke and macron
Ø̄́ ø̄́ O with stroke, macron, and acute
Ø̄̆ ø̄̆ O with stroke, macron, and breve
Ø̆ ø̆ O with stroke and breve
Ø̇ ø̇ O with stroke and dot above
Ø̇́ ø̇́ O with stroke, dot above, and acute
Ø̈ ø̈ O with stroke and diaeresis
Ø̋ ø̋ O with stroke and double acute
Ø̌ ø̌ O with stroke and caron
Ø᷎ ø᷎ O with stroke and ogonek above
Ø̨ ø̨ O with stroke and ogonek
Ǿ̨ ǿ̨ O with stroke, ogonek, and acute
Ø̨̄ ø̨̄ O with stroke, ogonek, and macron
Ø̣ ø̣ O with stroke and dot below
Ø̥ ø̥ O with stroke and ring below
Ø̰ ø̰ O with stroke and tilde below
Ǿ̰ ǿ̰ O with stroke, tilde below, and acute
Ɵ ɵ O with bar Close-mid central rounded vowel. cf. Cyrillic: Ө ө
Ơ ơ O with horn Jarai, Vietnamese
Ớ ớ O with horn and acute Vietnamese
Ờ ờ O with horn and grave Vietnamese
Ỡ ỡ O with horn and tilde Vietnamese
Ơ̆ ơ̆ O with horn and breve Jarai
Ở ở O with horn and hook above Vietnamese
O᷎ o᷎ O with ogonek above
Ó᷎ ó᷎ O with ogonek above and acute
O̧ o̧ O with cedilla
Ó̧ ó̧ O with acute and cedilla
Ò̧ ò̧ O with grave and cedilla
Ô̧ ô̧ O with circumflex and cedilla
Ǒ̧ ǒ̧ O with caron and cedilla
Ǫ ǫ O with ogonek  
Ǫ̀ ǫ̀ O with grave and ogonek
Ǫ́ ǫ́ O with acute and ogonek
Ǫ̂ ǫ̂ O with circumflex and ogonek
Ǫ̃ ǫ̃ O with tilde and ogonek
Ǭ ǭ O with macron and ogonek  
Ǭ̀ ǭ̀ O with macron, grave and ogonek
Ǭ́ ǭ́ O with macron, acute and ogonek
Ǭ̂ ǭ̂ O with macron, circumflex and ogonek
Ǭ̃ ǭ̃ O with macron, tilde and ogonek
Ǭ̆ ǭ̆ O with macron, breve and ogonek
Ǭ̌ ǭ̌ O with macron, caron and ogonek
Ǫ̆ ǫ̆ O with breve and ogonek
Ǫ̆́ ǫ̆́ O with breve, acute and ogonek
Ǫ̇ ǫ̇ O with dot above and ogonek
Ǫ̇́ ǫ̇́ O with dot above, acute, and ogonek
Ǫ̈ ǫ̈ O with diaeresis and ogonek
Ǫ̈̀ ǫ̈̀ O with diaeresis, grave, and ogonek
Ǫ̈́ ǫ̈́ O with diaeresis, acute, and ogonek
Ǫ̈̂ ǫ̈̂ O with diaeresis, circumflex, and ogonek
Ǫ̈̄ ǫ̈̄ O with diaeresis, macron, and ogonek
Ǫ̈̌ ǫ̈̌ O with diaeresis, caron, and ogonek
Ǫ̋ ǫ̋ O with double acute and ogonek
Ǫ̌ ǫ̌ O with caron and ogonek
Ǫ̑ ǫ̑ O with inverted breve and ogonek
Ǫ̣ ǫ̣ O with ogonek and dot below
Ǫ̱ ǫ̱ O with ogonek and line below
Ǫ̱́ ǫ̱́ O with ogonek, line below, and acute
Ǫ̱̀ ǫ̱̀ O with ogonek, line below, and grave
Ǫ᷎ ǫ᷎ O with ogonek above and ogonek  
O̭ o̭ O with circumflex below
O̰ o̰ O with tilde below
Ó̰ ó̰ O with tilde below and acute
O̱ o̱ O with line below
Ò̱ ò̱ O with grave and line below
Ó̱ ó̱ O with acute and line below
Ô̱ ô̱ O with circumflex and line below
Ǒ̱ ǒ̱ O with caron and line below
Õ̱ õ̱ O with tilde and line below
Ō̱ ō̱ O with macron and line below
Ṓ̱ ṓ̱ O with macron, acute, and line below
Ṑ̱ ṑ̱ O with macron, grave, and line below
Ō̱̂ ō̱̂ O with macron, circumflex, and line below
Ö̱ ö̱ O with diaeresis and line below
Ö̱́ ö̱́ O with diaeresis, acute, and line below
Ö̱̀ ö̱̀ O with diaeresis, grave, and line below
Ö̱̂ ö̱̂ O with diaeresis, circumflex, and line below
Ö̱̌ ö̱̌ O with diaeresis, caron, and line below
O̮ o̮ O with breve below
Ọ ọ O with dot below Vietnamese, Yoruba
Ọ̀ ọ̀ O with grave and dot below
Ọ́ ọ́ O with acute and dot below
Ộ ộ O with circumflex and dot below Vietnamese
Ọ̃ ọ̃ O with tilde and dot below
Ọ̄ ọ̄ O with macron and dot below
Ọ̄̀ ọ̄̀ O with macron and grave and dot below
Ọ̄́ ọ̄́ O with macron and acute and dot below
Ọ̄̃ ọ̄̃ O with macron and tilde and dot below
Ọ̄̆ ọ̄̆ O with macron and breve and dot below
Ọ̆ ọ̆ O with breve and dot below
Ọ̈ ọ̈ O with diaeresis and dot below
Ọ̈̀ ọ̈̀ O with diaeresis, grave, and dot below
Ọ̈́ ọ̈́ O with diaeresis, acute, and dot below
Ọ̈̂ ọ̈̂ O with diaeresis, circumflex, and dot below
Ọ̈̄ ọ̈̄ O with diaeresis, macron, and dot below
Ọ̈̌ ọ̈̌ O with diaeresis, caron, and dot below
Ọ̌ ọ̌ O with caron and dot below
Ọ̑ ọ̑ O with inverted breve and dot below
Ợ ợ O with horn and dot below Vietnamese
Ọ ọ O with vertical line and dot below
O̤ o̤ O with diaeresis below
Ò̤ ò̤ O with diaeresis below and grave
Ó̤ ó̤ O with diaeresis below and acute
Ô̤ ô̤ O with diaeresis below and circumflex
Ö̤ ö̤ O with diaeresis below and diaeresis
O̥ o̥ O with ring below
Ō̥ ō̥ O with ring below and macron
O̬ o̬ O with caron below
O̯ o̯ O with inverted breve below
O̩ o̩ O with vertical line below
Õ͔ õ͔ O with left arrowhead below and tilde
Ō͔ ō͔ O with left arrowhead below and macron
O̜ o̜ O with left half ring below
O̹ o̹ O with right half ring below
Ó̹ ó̹ O with right half ring below and acute
O̲ o̲ O with underline
Sideways O with stroke  
Open O with retroflex hook  
Ꝍ ꝍ O with loop Medieval Nordic vowel /ǫ/, /øː/, and /ey/[5]
O with low ring inside UPA
Ꝋ ꝋ O with long stroke overlay  
Ɔ́ ɔ́ Open O with acute
Ɔ̀ ɔ̀ Open O with grave
Ɔ̂ ɔ̂ Open O with circumflex
Ɔ̌ ɔ̌ Open O with caron
Ɔ̃ ɔ̃ Open O with tilde
Ɔ̃́ ɔ̃́ Open O with tilde and acute
Ɔ̃̀ ɔ̃̀ Open O with tilde and grave
Ɔ̃̂ ɔ̃̂ Open O with tilde and circumflex
Ɔ̃̌ ɔ̃̌ Open O with tilde and caron
Ɔ̃̍ ɔ̃̍ Open O with tilde and vertical line
Ɔ̃̎ ɔ̃̎ Open O with tilde and double vertical line
Ɔ̄ ɔ̄ Open O with macron
Ɔ̆ ɔ̆ Open O with breve
Ɔ̇ ɔ̇ Open O with dot above
Ɔ̈ ɔ̈ Open O with diaeresis
Ɔ̈̀ ɔ̈̀ Open O with diaeresis and grave
Ɔ̈́ ɔ̈́ Open O with diaeresis and acute
Ɔ̈̂ ɔ̈̂ Open O with diaeresis and circumflex
Ɔ̈̌ ɔ̈̌ Open O with diaeresis and caron
Ɔ̌ ɔ̌ Open O with caron
Ɔ̍ ɔ̍ Open O with vertical line
Ɔ̎ ɔ̎ Open O with double vertical line
Ɔ̣ ɔ̣ Open O with dot below
Ɔ̣̀ ɔ̣̀ Open O with dot below and grave
Ɔ̣́ ɔ̣́ Open O with dot below and acute
Ɔ̣̂ ɔ̣̂ Open O with dot below and circumflex
Ɔ̣̃ ɔ̣̃ Open O with dot below and tilde
Ɔ̣̈ ɔ̣̈ Open O with dot below and diaeresis
Ɔ̣̈̀ ɔ̣̈̀ Open O with dot below, diaeresis, and grave
Ɔ̣̈́ ɔ̣̈́ Open O with dot below, diaeresis, and acute
Ɔ̣̈̂ ɔ̣̈̂ Open O with dot below, diaeresis, and circumflex
Ɔ̣̈̌ ɔ̣̈̌ Open O with dot below, diaeresis, and caron
Ɔ̣̌ ɔ̣̌ Open O with dot below and caron
Ɔ̤ ɔ̤ Open O with diaeresis below
Ɔ̤̀ ɔ̤̀ Open O with diaeresis below and grave
Ɔ̤́ ɔ̤́ Open O with diaeresis below and acute
Ɔ̤̂ ɔ̤̂ Open O with diaeresis below and circumflex
Ɔ̤̈ ɔ̤̈ Open O with diaeresis below and diaeresis
Ɔ̱ ɔ̱ Open O with line below
Ɔ̱̀ ɔ̱̀ Open O with line below and grave
Ɔ̱́ ɔ̱́ Open O with line below and acute
Ɔ̱̂ ɔ̱̂ Open O with line below and circumflex
Ɔ̱̌ ɔ̱̌ Open O with line below and caron
Ɔ̱̃ ɔ̱̃ Open O with line below and tilde
Ɔ̱̈ ɔ̱̈ Open O with line below and diaeresis
Ɔ̱̈̀ ɔ̱̈̀ Open O with line below, diaeresis, and grave
Ɔ̱̈́ ɔ̱̈́ Open O with line below, diaeresis, and acute
Ɔ̧ ɔ̧ Open O with cedilla
Ɔ̧̀ ɔ̧̀ Open O with grave and cedilla
Ɔ̧́ ɔ̧́ Open O with acute and cedilla
Ɔ̧̂ ɔ̧̂ Open O with circumflex and cedilla
Ɔ̧̌ ɔ̧̌ Open O with caron and cedilla
Ɔ̨ ɔ̨ Open O with ogonek Formerly sometimes used in IPA for nasalized ɔ
Ɔ̨́ ɔ̨́ Open O with ogonek and acute
Ɔ̨̀ ɔ̨̀ Open O with ogonek and grave
Ɔ̨̂ ɔ̨̂ Open O with ogonek and circumflex
Ɔ̨̌ ɔ̨̌ Open O with ogonek and caron
Ɔ̨̄ ɔ̨̄ Open O with ogonek and macron
Ɔ̨̆ ɔ̨̆ Open O with ogonek and breve
Ɔ̨̈ ɔ̨̈ Open O with ogonek and diaeresis
Ɔ̨̱ ɔ̨̱ Open O with ogonek and line below
Ɔ̰ ɔ̰ Open O with tilde below
Ɔ̰̀ ɔ̰̀ Open O with tilde below and grave
Ɔ̰́ ɔ̰́ Open O with tilde below and acute
Ɔ̰̄ ɔ̰̄ Open O with tilde below and macron
P̀ p̀ P with grave ISO 9
Ṕ ṕ P with acute  
P̃ p̃ P with tilde
P̄ p̄ P with macron
P̆ p̆ P with breve
Ṗ ṗ P with dot above  
P̈ p̈ P with diaeresis
P̋ p̋ P with double acute
P̑ p̑ P with inverted breve
P̓ p̓ P with comma above
P̕ p̕ P with comma above right
P̔ p̔ P with reversed comma above
P͑ p͑ P with left half ring above
P̱ p̱ P with line below
P̣ p̣ P with dot below
P̤ p̤ P with diaeresis below
P̬ p̬ P with caron below
Ᵽ ᵽ P with stroke Medieval abbreviations[5]
Ꝑ ꝑ P with stroke through descender  
P with middle tilde  
P with palatal hook  
Ƥ ƥ P with hook  
Ꝓ ꝓ P with flourish Medieval abbreviations[5]
Ꝕ ꝕ P with squirrel tail Medieval abbreviations[5]
ᴘ̇ Small capital P with dot above
Q́ q́ Q with acute
Q̃ q̃ Q with tilde
Q̄ q̄ Q with macron
Q̇ q̇ Q with dot above
Q̈ q̈ Q with diaeresis
Q̋ q̋ Q with double acute
Q̓ q̓ Q with comma above
Q̕ q̕ Q with comma above right
Q̧ q̧ Q with cedilla
Q̣ q̣ Q with dot below
Q̣̇ q̣̇ Q with dot below and dot above
Q̣̈ q̣̈ Q with dot below and diaeresis
Q̱ q̱ Q with line below
Ꝗ ꝗ Q with stroke through descender Medieval abbreviations[5]
Ꝗ̃ ꝗ̃ Q with stroke through descender and tilde
Ꝙ ꝙ Q with diagonal stroke Medieval abbreviations[5]
ʠ Q with hook  
Ɋ ɋ Q with hook tail  
R̀ r̀ R with grave
Ŕ ŕ R with acute Slovak
R̂ r̂ R with circumflex
R̃ r̃ R with tilde
R̄ r̄ R with macron
R̆ r̆ R with breve  
Ṙ ṙ R with dot above  
R̋ r̋ R with double acute
Ř ř R with caron Czech
R̍ r̍ R with vertical line
Ȑ ȑ R with double grave  
Ȓ ȓ R with inverted breve  
R̓ r̓ R with comma above
R̕ r̕ R with comma above right
Ŗ ŗ R with cedilla Pre-1946 Latvian letter, still sometimes used in some non-standard orthographies
R̦ r̦ R with comma below
R̨ r̨ R with ogonek
R̨̄ r̨̄ R with ogonek and macron
Ꞧ ꞧ R with oblique stroke Pre-1921 Latvian letter
R̭ r̭ R with circumflex below
Ṟ ṟ R with line below  
Ṛ ṛ R with dot below  
Ṛ̀ ṛ̀ R with dot below and grave
Ṛ́ ṛ́ R with dot below and acute
Ṝ ṝ R with dot below and macron  
Ṝ́ ṝ́ R with dot below and macron and acute
Ṝ̃ ṝ̃ R with dot below and macron and tilde
Ṝ̆ ṝ̆ R with dot below and macron and breve
R̤ r̤ R with diaeresis below
R̥ r̥ R with ring below
R̥̀ r̥̀ R with ring below and grave
Ŕ̥ ŕ̥ R with ring below and acute
R̥̂ r̥̂ R with ring below and circumflex
R̥̃ r̥̃ R with ring below and tilde
R̥̄ r̥̄ R with ring below and macron
R̥̄́ r̥̄́ R with ring below and macron and acute
R̥̄̆ r̥̄̆ R with ring below and macron and breve
Ř̥ ř̥ R with ring below and caron
R̬ r̬ R with caron below
R̩ r̩ R with vertical line below
R̯ r̯ R with inverted breve below
Ɍ ɍ R with stroke  
R with middle tilde  
ɺ Turned R with long leg Alveolar lateral flap
R with palatal hook  
ɻ Turned R with hook Retroflex approximant
Turned R with tail UPA
ɼ R with long leg  
Ɽ ɽ R with tail Retroflex flap
ɾ R with fishhook Alveolar flap
R with fishhook and middle tilde  
ɿ Reversed R with fishhook  
ʀ̇ Small capital R with dot above
ʀ̣ Small capital R with dot below
Ꝛ́ ꝛ́ R rotunda with acute
Ꝛ̣ ꝛ̣ R rotunda with dot below
S̀ s̀ S with grave
Ś ś S with acute Polish, Sanskrit transliteration
Ś̀ ś̀ S with acute and grave
Ś ś S with acute and comma above right
Ṥ ṥ S with acute and dot above  
Ŝ ŝ S with circumflex Esperanto
S̃ s̃ S with tilde
S̄ s̄ S with macron
S̆ s̆ S with breve
Ṡ ṡ S with dot above  
Ṡ̃ ṡ̃ S with dot above and tilde
S̈ s̈ S with diaeresis
S̋ s̋ S with double acute
Š š S with caron Czech, Slovak, Croatian, Slovenian, Sorbian, Lithuanian, Latvian, Estonian, Bosnian
Š̀ š̀ S with caron and grave
Š́ š́ S with caron and acute
Ṧ ṧ S with caron and dot above  
Š̓ š̓ S with caron and comma above
S̑ s̑ S with inverted breve
S̓ s̓ S with comma above
S̕ s̕ S with comma above right
Ş ş S with cedilla  
Ș ș S with comma below Romanian, cf. comma-below versus cedilla
S̨ s̨ S with ogonek
Š̨ š̨ S with ogonek and caron
Ꞩ ꞩ S with oblique stroke Pre-1921 Latvian letter; pre-1950 Lower Sorbian letter
S̱ s̱ S with line below
Ś̱ ś̱ S with line below and acute
S̮ s̮ S with breve below
Ṣ ṣ S with dot below  
Ṣ́ ṣ́ S with dot below and acute
Ṣ̄ ṣ̄ S with dot below and macron
Ṩ ṩ S with dot below and dot above  
Ṣ̌ ṣ̌ S with dot below and caron
Ṣ̕ ṣ̕ S with dot below and comma above right
Ṣ̱ ṣ̱ S with dot below and line below
S̤ s̤ S with diaeresis below
Š̤ š̤ S with diaeresis below and caron
S̥ s̥ S with ring below
Ś̥ ś̥ S with ring below and acute
S̬ s̬ S with caron below
S̩ s̩ S with vertical line below
S̪ s̪ S with bridge below
ꜱ̇ Small capital S with dot above
ꜱ̣ Small capital S with dot below
ſ́ Long s with acute
Long s with dot above  
ſ̣ Long s with dot below
S with middle tilde  
S with palatal hook  
ʂ S with hook Voiceless retroflex fricative
Ȿ ȿ S with swash tail Shona
Long S with diagonal stroke Pre-1921 Latvian letter; pre-1950 Lower Sorbian letter
Long S with high stroke  
Esh with palatal hook  
Esh with retroflex hook  
ʆ Esh with curl  
T̀ t̀ T with grave
T́ t́ T with acute
T̃ t̃ T with tilde
T̄ t̄ T with macron
T̆ t̆ T with breve
T̆̀ t̆̀ T with breve and grave
Ṫ ṫ T with dot above  
T̈ ẗ T with diaeresis  
Ť ť T with caron  
T̑ t̑ T with inverted breve
T̓ t̓ T with comma above
T̕ t̕ T with comma above right
T̔ t̔ T with reversed comma above
T͑ t͑ T with left half ring above
Ţ ţ T with cedilla  
Ț ț T with comma below Romanian
T̨ t̨ T with ogonek
T̗ t̗ T with acute below
Ṱ ṱ T with circumflex below  
T̰ t̰ T with tilde below
Ṯ ṯ T with line below  
T̮ t̮ T with breve below
Ṭ ṭ T with dot below  
Ṭ́ ṭ́ T with dot below and acute
T̤ t̤ T with diaeresis below
T̥ t̥ T with ring below
T̬ t̬ T with caron below
T̯ t̯ T with inverted breve below
T̪ t̪ T with bridge below
ƾ Inverted glottal stop with stroke  
Ŧ ŧ T with stroke  
Ⱦ ⱦ T with diagonal stroke  
T with middle tilde  
ƫ T with palatal hook  
Ƭ ƭ T with hook  
Ʈ ʈ T with retroflex hook Voiceless retroflex plosive
ȶ T with curl  
ᴛ̇ Small capital T with dot above
ᴛ̣ Small capital T with dot below
Ù ù U with grave Maltese, Italian
Ú ú U with acute  
Û û U with circumflex  
Ũ ũ U with tilde  
Ũ̀ ũ̀ U with tilde and grave
Ṹ ṹ U with tilde and acute  
Ũ̂ ũ̂ U with tilde and circumflex
Ũ̊ ũ̊ U with tilde and ring above
Ũ̌ ũ̌ U with tilde and caron
Ũ̍ ũ̍ U with tilde and vertical line
Ũ̎ ũ̎ U with tilde and double vertical line
Ū ū U with macron cf. Cyrillic: Ӯ ӯ
Ū̀ ū̀ U with macron and grave
Ū́ ū́ U with macron and acute
Ū̂ ū̂ U with macron and circumflex
Ū̌ ū̌ U with macron and caron
Ū̃ ū̃ U with macron and tilde
Ū̄ ū̄ U with macron and macron Kienning Colloquial Romanized transliteration
Ū̆ ū̆ U with macron and breve
Ū̆́ ū̆́ U with macron and breve and acute
Ṻ ṻ U with macron and diaeresis  
Ū̊ ū̊ U with macron and ring above
Ŭ ŭ U with breve cf. Cyrillic: Ў ў, Belarusian, Esperanto, Jarai, Latin; previously used in Romanian
Ŭ̀ ŭ̀ U with breve and grave
Ŭ́ ŭ́ U with breve and acute
U̇ u̇ U with dot above
U̇́ u̇́ U with dot above and acute
U̇̄ u̇̄ U with dot above and macron
Ü ü U with diaeresis Emiliano-Romagnolo, Estonian, Finnish, German, Luxembourgish, North Frisian, Rotuman, Sami, Saterlandic, Slovak, Tatar, Turkmen, and Ulster-Scots, Hanyu Pinyin; cf. Cyrillic: Ӱ ӱ
Ǜ ǜ U with diaeresis and grave Fourth tone for yu in Hanyu Pinyin, Zurich German (some spellings)[7]
Ǘ ǘ U with diaeresis and acute Second tone for yu in Hanyu Pinyin
Ü̂ ü̂ U with diaeresis and circumflex
Ü̃ ü̃ U with diaeresis and tilde
Ǖ ǖ U with diaeresis and macron First tone for yu in Hanyu Pinyin
Ǖ̆ ǖ̆ U with diaeresis and macron and breve
Ü̆ ü̆ U with diaeresis and breve
Ǚ ǚ U with diaeresis and caron Third tone for yu in Hanyu Pinyin
Ủ ủ U with hook above Vietnamese
Ů ů U with ring above  
Ů́ ů́ U with ring above and acute
Ů̃ ů̃ U with ring above and tilde
Ű ű U with double acute cf. Cyrillic: Ӳ ӳ, Hungarian
Ǔ ǔ U with caron  
U̍ u̍ U with vertical line Pe̍h-ōe-jī, Taiwanese Romanization System and other transliterations of Chinese dialects
U̎ u̎ U with double vertical line
Ȕ ȕ U with double grave  
Ȗ ȗ U with inverted breve  
U̓ u̓ U with comma above
U᷎ u᷎ U with ogonek above
Ủ ủ U with hook above Vietnamese
Ư ư U with horn Jarai, Vietnamese
Ứ ứ U with horn and acute Vietnamese
Ừ ừ U with horn and grave Vietnamese
Ữ ữ U with horn and tilde Vietnamese
Ư̆ ư̆ U with horn and breve Jarai
Ử ử U with horn and hook above Vietnamese
Ự ự U with horn and dot below Vietnamese
U̧ u̧ U with cedilla
Ú̧ ú̧ U with acute and cedilla
Ù̧ ù̧ U with grave and cedilla
Û̧ û̧ U with circumflex and cedilla
Ǔ̧ ǔ̧ U with caron and cedilla
Ų ų U with ogonek Lithuanian
Ų̀ ų̀ U with ogonek and grave
Ų́ ų́ U with ogonek and acute
Ų̂ ų̂ U with ogonek and circumflex
Ų̌ ų̌ U with ogonek and caron
Ų̄ ų̄ U with ogonek and macron
Ų̄́ ų̄́ U with ogonek, macron, and acute
Ų̄̀ ų̄̀ U with ogonek, macron, and grave
Ų̄̂ ų̄̂ U with ogonek, macron, and circumflex
Ų̄̌ ų̄̌ U with ogonek, macron, and breve
Ų̄̌ ų̄̌ U with ogonek, macron, and caron
Ų̈ ų̈ U with ogonek and diaeresis
Ų̈́ ų̈́ U with ogonek, diaeresis, and acute
Ų̈̀ ų̈̀ U with ogonek, diaeresis, and grave
Ų̈̂ ų̈̂ U with ogonek, diaeresis, and circumflex
Ų̈̌ ų̈̌ U with ogonek, diaeresis, and caron
Ų̈̄ ų̈̄ U with ogonek, diaeresis, and macron
Ų̋ ų̋ U with ogonek and double acute
Ų̱ ų̱ U with ogonek and line below
Ų̱́ ų̱́ U with ogonek, line below, and acute
Ų̱̀ ų̱̀ U with ogonek, line below, and grave
Ṷ ṷ U with circumflex below  
Ṵ ṵ U with tilde below  
Ṵ̀ ṵ̀ U with tilde below and grave
Ṵ́ ṵ́ U with tilde below and acute
Ṵ̄ ṵ̄ U with tilde below and macron
Ṵ̈ ṵ̈ U with tilde below and diaeresis
U̱ u̱ U with line below
Ù̱ ù̱ U with line below and grave
Ú̱ ú̱ U with line below and acute
Û̱ û̱ U with line below and circumflex
Ũ̱ ũ̱ U with line below and tilde
Ū̱ ū̱ U with line below and macron
Ū̱́ ū̱́ U with line below, macron, and acute
Ū̱̀ ū̱̀ U with line below, macron, and grave
Ū̱̂ ū̱̂ U with line below, macron, and circumflex
Ü̱ ü̱ U with line below and diaeresis
Ǘ̱ ǘ̱ U with line below, diaeresis, and acute
Ǜ̱ ǜ̱ U with line below, diaeresis, and grave
Ü̱̂ ü̱̂ U with line below, diaeresis, and circumflex
Ǚ̱ ǚ̱ U with line below, diaeresis, and caron
Ǔ̱ ǔ̱ U with line below and caron
Ụ ụ U with dot below Vietnamese
Ụ̀ ụ̀ U with dot below and grave
Ụ́ ụ́ U with dot below and acute
Ụ̂ ụ̂ U with dot below and circumflex
Ụ̃ ụ̃ U with dot below and tilde
Ụ̄ ụ̄ U with dot below and macron
Ụ̈ ụ̈ U with dot below and diaeresis
Ụ̈̀ ụ̈̀ U with dot below, diaeresis, and grave
Ụ̈́ ụ̈́ U with dot below, diaeresis, and acute
Ụ̈̂ ụ̈̂ U with dot below, diaeresis, and circumflex
Ụ̈̌ ụ̈̌ U with dot below, diaeresis, and caron
Ụ̌ ụ̌ U with dot below and caron
Ụ̍ ụ̍ U with dot below and vertical line
Ṳ ṳ U with diaeresis below  
Ṳ̀ ṳ̀ U with diaeresis below and grave
Ṳ́ ṳ́ U with diaeresis below and acute
Ṳ̂ ṳ̂ U with diaeresis below and circumflex
Ṳ̈ ṳ̈ U with diaeresis below and diaeresis
U̥ u̥ U with ring below
Ü̥ ü̥ U with ring below and diaeresis
U̯ u̯ U with inverted breve below
Ũ̯ ũ̯ U with inverted breve below and tilde
Ü̯ ü̯ U with inverted breve below and diaeresis
U̩ u̩ U with vertical line below
U͔ u͔ U with left arrowhead below
Ũ͔ ũ͔ U with left arrowhead below and tilde
Ū͔ ū͔ U with left arrowhead below and macron
Ʉ ʉ U bar Close central rounded vowel
Ʉ̀ ʉ̀ U bar with grave
Ʉ́ ʉ́ U bar with acute
Ʉ̂ ʉ̂ U bar with circumflex
Ʉ̃ ʉ̃ U bar with tilde
Ʉ̄ ʉ̄ U bar with macron
Ʉ̈ ʉ̈ U bar with diaeresis
Ʉ̌ ʉ̌ U bar with caron
Ʉ̧ ʉ̧ U bar with cedilla
Ʉ̰ ʉ̰ U bar with tilde below
Ʉ̰́ ʉ̰́ U bar with tilde below and acute
Ʉ̱ ʉ̱ U bar with line below
Ʉ̱́ ʉ̱́ U bar with line below and acute
Ʉ̱̀ ʉ̱̀ U bar with line below and grave
Ʉ̱̂ ʉ̱̂ U bar with line below and circumflex
Ʉ̱̈ ʉ̱̈ U bar with line below and diaeresis
Ʉ̱̌ ʉ̱̌
Ʉ̥ ʉ̥ U bar with ring below
Small capital U with stroke  
U with retroflex hook  
ʮ Turned H with fishhook  
ʯ Turned H with fishhook and tail  
ɰ Turned M with long leg Velar approximant
Ʊ̀ ʊ̀ Upsilon with grave
Ʊ́ ʊ́ Upsilon with acute
Ʊ̃ ʊ̃ Upsilon with tilde
ᵿ Upsilon with stroke  
V̀ v̀ V with grave
V́ v́ V with acute
V̂ v̂ V with circumflex
Ṽ ṽ V with tilde  
Ṽ̀ ṽ̀ V with tilde and grave
Ṽ́ ṽ́ V with tilde and acute
Ṽ̂ ṽ̂ V with tilde and circumflex
Ṽ̌ ṽ̌ V with tilde and caron
V̄ v̄ V with macron
V̄̀ v̄̀ V with macron and grave
V̄́ v̄́ V with macron and acute
V̄̂ v̄̂ V with macron and circumflex
V̄̃ v̄̃ V with macron and tilde
V̄̄ v̄̄ V with macron and macron
V̄̆ v̄̆ V with macron and breve
V̄̌ v̄̌ V with macron and caron
V̆ v̆ V with breve
V̆́ v̆́ V with breve and acute
V̇ v̇ V with dot above
V̈ v̈ V with diaeresis
V̈̀ v̈̀ V with diaeresis and grave
V̈́ v̈́ V with diaeresis and acute
V̈̂ v̈̂ V with diaeresis and circumflex
V̈̄ v̈̄ V with diaeresis and macron
V̈̌ v̈̌ V with diaeresis and caron
V̊ v̊ V with ring above
V̋ v̋ V with double acute
V̌ v̌ V with caron
V̍ v̍ V with vertical line
V̏ v̏ V with double grave
V̐ v̐ V with chandrabindu
V̓ v̓ V with comma above
V̧ v̧ V with cedilla
V̨ v̨ V with ogonek
V̨̀ v̨̀ V with ogonek and grave
V̨́ v̨́ V with ogonek and acute
V̨̂ v̨̂ V with ogonek and circumflex
V̨̌ v̨̌ V with ogonek and caron
V̨̄ v̨̄ V with ogonek and macron
V̨̄́ v̨̄́ V with ogonek, macron, and acute
V̨̄̀ v̨̄̀ V with ogonek, macron, and grave
V̨̄̂ v̨̄̂ V with ogonek, macron, and circumflex
V̨̄̌ v̨̄̌ V with ogonek, macron, and caron
V̨̈ v̨̈ V with ogonek and diaeresis
V̨̈́ v̨̈́ V with ogonek, diaeresis, and acute
V̨̈̀ v̨̈̀ V with ogonek, diaeresis, and grave
V̨̈̂ v̨̈̂ V with ogonek, diaeresis, and circumflex
V̨̈̌ v̨̈̌ V with ogonek, diaeresis, and caron
V̨̈̄ v̨̈̄ V with ogonek, diaeresis, and macron
V̨̋ v̨̋ V with ogonek and double acute
V̨̱ v̨̱ V with ogonek and line below
V̨̱́ v̨̱́ V with ogonek, line below, and acute
V̨̱̀ v̨̱̀ V with ogonek, line below, and grave
V̨̱̂ v̨̱̂ V with ogonek, line below, and circumflex
V̨̱̌ v̨̱̌ V with ogonek, line below, and caron
V̱ v̱ V with line below
V̱̀ v̱̀ V with line below and grave
V̱́ v̱́ V with line below and acute
V̱̂ v̱̂ V with line below and circumflex
V̱̌ v̱̌ V with line below and caron
Ṽ̱ ṽ̱ V with line below and tilde
V̱̈ v̱̈ V with line below and diaeresis
V̱̈́ v̱̈́ V with line below, diaeresis, and acute
V̱̈̀ v̱̈̀ V with line below, diaeresis, and grave
V̱̈̂ v̱̈̂ V with line below, diaeresis, and circumflex
V̱̈̌ v̱̈̌ V with line below, diaeresis, and caron
Ṿ ṿ V with dot below
V̥ v̥ V with ring below
Ꝟ ꝟ V with diagonal stroke Medieval abbreviations[5]
V with palatal hook  
Ʋ ʋ V with hook (Script V) Labiodental approximant
Ʋ̀ ʋ̀ V with hook (Script V) with grave
Ʋ́ ʋ́ V with hook (Script V) with acute
Ʋ̃ ʋ̃ V with hook (Script V) with tilde
V with right hook Labiodental flap
V with curl  
Ꝩ́ ꝩ́ Vend with acute
Ꝩ̇ ꝩ̇ Vend with dot above
Ꝩ̣ ꝩ̣ Vend with dot below
Ẁ ẁ W with grave  
Ẃ ẃ W with acute  
Ŵ ŵ W with circumflex Chichewa, Nsenga
W̃ w̃ W with tilde
W̄ w̄ W with macron
W̆ w̆ W with breve
Ẇ ẇ W with dot above  
Ẅ ẅ W with diaeresis Welsh
W̊ ẘ W with ring above  
W̋ w̋ W with double acute
W̌ w̌ W with caron
W̍ w̍ W with vertical line
W̓ w̓ W with comma above
W̱ w̱ W with line below
Ẉ ẉ W with dot below  
W̥ w̥ W with ring below
W̬ w̬ W with caron below
Ⱳ ⱳ W with hook  
X̀ x̀ X with grave
X́ x́ X with acute
X̂ x̂ X with circumflex
X̃ x̃ X with tilde
X̄ x̄ X with macron
X̆ x̆ X with breve
X̆́ x̆́ X with breve and acute
Ẋ ẋ X with dot above  
Ẍ ẍ X with diaeresis  
X̊ x̊ X with ring above
X̌ x̌ X with caron
X̓ x̓ X with comma above
X̕ x̕ X with comma above right
X̱ x̱ X with line below
X̱̓ x̱̓ X with line below and comma above
X̣ x̣ X with dot below
X̣̓ x̣̓ X with dot below and comma above
X̥ x̥ X with ring below
X with palatal hook  
Ỳ ỳ Y with grave Vietnamese
Ý ý Y with acute Czech, Icelandic, Old Norse, Slovak, Vietnamese
Ŷ ŷ Y with circumflex  
Ỹ ỹ Y with tilde Vietnamese
Ȳ ȳ Y with macron  
Ȳ̀ ȳ̀ Y with macron and grave
Ȳ́ ȳ́ Y with macron and acute
Ȳ̃ ȳ̃ Y with macron and tilde
Ȳ̆ ȳ̆ Y with macron and breve
Y̆ y̆ Y with breve
Y̆̀ y̆̀ Y with breve and grave
Y̆́ y̆́ Y with breve and acute
Ẏ ẏ Y with dot above  
Ẏ́ ẏ́ Y with dot above and acute
Ÿ ÿ Y with diaeresis  
Ÿ́ ÿ́ Y with diaeresis and acute
Y̊ ẙ Y with ring above  
Y̋ y̋ Y with double acute
Y̌ y̌ Y with caron
Y̍ y̍ Y with vertical line
Y̎ y̎ Y with double vertical line
Y̐ y̐ Y with chandrabindu
Y̓ y̓ Y with comma above
Ỷ ỷ Y with hook above Vietnamese
Y᷎ y᷎ Y with ogonek above
Y̱ y̱ Y with line below
Ỵ ỵ Y with dot below Vietnamese
Ỵ̣ ỵ̣ Y with colon below Sogdian transliteration
Y̥ y̥ Y with ring below
Y̯ y̯ Y with inverted breve below
Ɏ ɏ Y with stroke  
Ƴ ƴ Y with hook  
Ỿ ỿ Y with loop Medieval Welsh[5]
Z̀ z̀ Z with grave Wenzhounese Romanization System
Ź ź Z with acute Polish
Ẑ ẑ Z with circumflex  
Z̃ z̃ Z with tilde
Z̄ z̄ Z with macron
Ż ż Z with dot above Polish, Maltese
Z̈ z̈ Z with diaeresis
Z̋ z̋ Z with double acute
Ž ž Z with caron Czech, Slovak, Croatian, Slovenian, Lithuanian, Latvian, Bosnian
Ž́ ž́ Z with caron and acute
Ž̏ ž̏ Z with caron and double grave
Z̑ z̑ Z with inverted breve
Z̓ z̓ Z with comma above
Z̕ z̕ Z with comma above right
Z̨ z̨ Z with ogonek
Z̗ z̗ Z with acute below
Ẕ ẕ Z with line below  
Z̮ z̮ Z with breve below
Ẓ ẓ Z with dot below  
Ẓ́ ẓ́ Z with dot below and acute
Ẓ̌ ẓ̌ Z with dot below and caron
Ẓ̣ ẓ̣ Z with colon below Arabic transliteration
Z̤ z̤ Z with diaeresis below
Z̥ z̥ Z with ring below
Ƶ ƶ Z with stroke  Polish (as an allograph of Ż, used only in uppercase)
Z with middle tilde  
Z with palatal hook  
Ȥ ȥ Z with hook  
ʐ Z with retroflex hook Voiced retroflex fricative
ʑ Z with curl Voiced alveolo-palatal fricative
Ɀ ɀ Z with swash tail Shona
Ⱬ ⱬ Z with descender Uyghur. c.f. Cyrillic: Ҙ ҙ
Ʒ́ ʒ́ Ezh with acute
Ʒ̇ ʒ̇ Ezh with dot above
Ǯ ǯ Ezh with caron  
Ǯ́ ǯ́ Ezh with caron and acute
Ʒ̥ ʒ̥ Ezh with ring below
Ezh with retroflex hook  
ƺ Ezh with tail  
ʓ Ezh with curl  
Þ́ þ́ Thorn with acute
Þ̣ þ̣ Thorn with dot below
Ꝥ ꝥ Thorn with stroke Medieval abbreviations[5]
Ꝧ ꝧ Thorn with stroke through descender Medieval abbreviations[5]
ƻ Two with stroke  
Ꜯ ꜯ Cuatrillo with comma Mayan glottalized alveolar affricate /tsˀ/
ʡ Glottal stop with stroke Epiglottal plosive
ʢ Reversed glottal stop with stroke Voiced epiglottal fricative

Ligatures and digraphs[edit]

Ligatures and digraphs.

Letter Name Notes
Ꜳ ꜳ AA Medieval Nordic vowel /aː/[5]
Ꜳ́ ꜳ́ AA with acute
Ꜳ̋ ꜳ̋ AA double acute
Ꜳ̇ ꜳ̇ AA with dot above
Ꜳ̈ ꜳ̈ AA with diaeresis
Ꜳ̣ ꜳ̣ AA with dot below
Æ æ AE Ash, Aesc, Near-open front unrounded vowel. cf. Cyrillic: Ӕ ӕ
Æ̀ æ̀ AE with grave
Ǽ ǽ AE with acute
Æ̂ æ̂ AE with circumflex
Æ̌ æ̌ AE with caron
Æ̃ æ̃ AE with tilde
Æ̃́ æ̃́ AE with tilde and acute
Æ̃̀ æ̃̀ AE with tilde and grave
Æ̃̂ æ̃̂ AE with tilde and circumflex
Æ̃̌ æ̃̌ AE with tilde and caron
Ǣ ǣ AE with macron
Ǣ́ ǣ́ AE with macron and acute
Ǣ̂ ǣ̂ AE with macron and circumflex
Ǣ̃ ǣ̃ AE with macron and tilde
Ǣ̆ ǣ̆ AE with macron and breve
Æ̆ æ̆ AE with breve
Æ̇ æ̇ AE with dot above
Æ̈ æ̈ AE with diaeresis
Æ̈̀ æ̈̀ AE with diaeresis and grave
Æ̈́ æ̈́ AE with diaeresis and acute
Æ̈̂ æ̈̂ AE with diaeresis and circumflex
Æ̈̌ æ̈̌ AE with diaeresis and caron
Æ̊ æ̊ AE with ring
Æ̋ æ̋ AE with double acute
Æ᷎ æ᷎ AE with ogonek above
Æ̨ æ̨ AE with ogonek
Æ̨̀ æ̨̀ AE with grave and ogonek
Ǽ̨ ǽ̨ AE with acute and ogonek
Æ̨̂ æ̨̂ AE with circumflex and ogonek
Æ̨̈ æ̨̈ AE with diaeresis and ogonek
Ǣ̨ ǣ̨ AE with macron and ogonek
Æ̨̌ æ̨̌ AE with caron and ogonek
Æ̨̱ æ̨̱ AE with ogonek and line below
Æ̱ æ̱ AE with line below
Æ̱̃ æ̱̃ AE with line below and tilde
Æ̱̈ æ̱̈ AE with line below and diaeresis
Æ̣ æ̣ AE with dot below
Æ͔̃ æ͔̃ AE with left arrowhead below and tilde
Small capital AE  
Turned AE  
Ꜵ ꜵ AO Medieval Nordic vowel /ǫ/
Ꜵ́ ꜵ́ AO with acute
Ꜵ̋ ꜵ̋ AO with double acute
Ꜵ̣ ꜵ̣ AO with dot below
Ꜷ ꜷ AU Medieval Nordic vowel /au/, /ǫ/, /ø/, and /øː/
Ꜷ́ ꜷ́ AU with acute
Ꜷ̣ ꜷ̣ AU with dot below
Ꜹ ꜹ AV Medieval Nordic vowel /au/, /ǫ/, /ø/, and /øː/
Ꜻ ꜻ AV with horizontal bar Medieval Nordic vowel /ǫ/, /ø/, /øː/, and /ęː/
Ꜹ́ ꜹ́ AV with acute
Ꜹ̋ ꜹ̋ AV with double acute
Ꜹ̨ ꜹ̨ AV with ogonek
Ꜹ̣ ꜹ̣ AV with dot below
Ꜻ́ ꜻ́ AV with horizontal bar and acute
Ꜽ ꜽ AY Medieval Nordic vowel /ǫ/, /øː/, and /ey/
Ꜽ̇ ꜽ̇ AY with dot above
Ꜽ̣ ꜽ̣ AY with dot below
ȸ DB digraph Nonstandard symbol for voiced labiodental plosive
DZ Dz dz DZ  
ʣ DZ digraph  
DŽ Dž dž DZ with caron
ʥ DZ digraph with curl  
ʤ Dezh digraph  
Ligature FF  
Ligature FFI  
Ligature FFL  
Ligature FI  
Ligature FL  
ʩ Feng digraph  
IJ ij Ligature IJ Dutch, West Frisian
LJ Lj lj LJ  
Ỻ ỻ Middle-Welsh Ll Medieval Welsh[5]
ʪ LS digraph  
ʫ LZ digraph  
ɮ Lezh digraph Voiced alveolar lateral fricative
NJ Nj nj NJ  
Œ œ Ligature OE French, Ethel, Open-mid front rounded vowel
Œ̀ œ̀ Ligature OE with grave
Œ́ œ́ Ligature OE with acute
Œ̂ œ̂ Ligature OE with circumflex
Œ̃ œ̃ Ligature OE with tilde
Œ̄ œ̄ Ligature OE with macron
Œ̄́ œ̄́ Ligature OE with macron and acute
Œ̄̃ œ̄̃ Ligature OE with macron and tilde
Œ̄̆ œ̄̆ Ligature OE with macron and breve
Œ̋ œ̋ Ligature OE with double acute
Œ̌ œ̌ Ligature OE with caron
Œ̨ œ̨ Ligature OE with ogonek
Œ̨̃ œ̨̃ Ligature OE with ogonek and tilde
Œ̣ œ̣ Ligature OE with dot below
Œ̯ œ̯ Ligature OE with inverted breve below
ɶ Small capital OE Open front rounded vowel
Ꝏ ꝏ OO Medieval Nordic vowel /oː/
Ꝏ́ ꝏ́ OO with acute
Ꝏ̈ ꝏ̈ OO with diaeresis
Ꝏ̋ ꝏ̋ OO with double acute
Ꝏ̣ ꝏ̣ OO with dot below
Turned OE  
ȹ QP digraph Nonstandard symbol for voiceless labiodental plosive
ß Sharp S German eszett
Ligature ST  
Long S-T  
ʨ TC digraph with curl  
TH with strikethrough  
ʦ TS digraph  
ʧ Tesh digraph  
Ꜩ ꜩ TZ Mayan palato-alveolar affricate /ts/
Latin capital ligature UE.svg ue  
Ꝡ ꝡ VY Medieval Nordic vowel /yː/
Ꝡ̈ ꝡ̈ VY with diaeresis
Ꝡ̋ ꝡ̋ VY with double acute
See also

Multigraphs[edit]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Woodard, Roger D. (2008). The Ancient Languages of Europe. Cambridge University Press. p. 75. 
  2. ^ So defined in ISO/IEC 646 (based on ASCII) which was based on the 26 letters of the English alphabet and previous telecommunication standards
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x "Uralic Phonetic Alphabet characters for the UCS" (PDF). 2002-03-20. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  4. ^ Everson, Michael; Jacquerye, Denis; Lilley, Chris (26 July 2012). "Proposal for the addition of ten Latin characters to the UCS" (PDF). Unicode Consortium. Retrieved 2016-06-26. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Michael Everson; et al. (2005-08-02). "Preliminary proposal to add medievalist characters to the UCS" (PDF). Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  6. ^ West, Andrew (5 October 2009). "Rationale for Encoding Latin Letter Middle Dot" (PDF). Unicode Consortium. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  7. ^ a b Fleischer, Jürg; Schmid, Stephan (2006), "Zurich German" (PDF), Journal of the International Phonetic Association 36 (2): 251, doi:10.1017/S0025100306002441