List of Latin place names in Italy and Malta

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Latin Place Names
by country
Africa
Asia
Europe
by type
Cities
Countries
Islands
Lakes
Mountains
Regions
Rivers

This list includes countries and regions in the Italian Peninsula that were part of the Roman Empire, or that were given Latin place names in historical reference.

Background[edit]

Until the Modern Era, Latin was the common language for scholarship and mapmaking. During the 19th and 20th centuries, German scholars in particular made significant contributions to the study of historical place names, or Ortsnamenkunde. These studies have, in turn, contributed to the study of genealogy. For genealogists and historians of pre-Modern Europe, knowing alternate names of places is vital to extracting information from both public and private records. Even specialists in this field point out, however, that the information can be easily taken out of context, since there is a great deal of repetition of place names throughout Europe; reliance purely on apparent connections should therefore be tempered with valid historical methodology.

Caveats and notes[edit]

Latin place names are not always exclusive to one place — for example, there were several Roman cities whose names began with Colonia and then a more descriptive term. During the Middle Ages, these were often shortened to just Colonia. One of these, Colonia Agrippinensis, retains the name today in the form of Cologne.

Early sources for Roman names show numerous variants and spellings of the Latin names.

The modern canonical name is listed first. Sources are listed chronologically. In general, only the earliest source is shown for each name, although many of the names are recorded in more than one of the sources. Where the source differs in spelling, or has other alternatives, these are listed following the source. As an aid to searching, variants are spelled completely, and listed in most likely chronology.

Superscripts indicate:

  1. Latinized form of the Greek-derived name.
  2. Latinized form of the Asian-derived name via Greek.
  3. Altered Latinized form of the Greek-derived name.

Cities and towns in Italy[edit]

Canonical Latin Name (source(s): variant(s)) English Name (native language(s)) - older name(s), (other language(s)), location(s)
Abellinum Avellino (east of Naples)
Acelum Asolo
ad Aesim Falconara Marittima, Marche
Aesis Jesi, Marche
ad Martis S. Maria in Pantano (near Massa Martana, Umbria)
Aenaria Ischia
Agrigentum Agrigento
Alba Pompeia Alba, Piedmont
Albingaunum Albenga
Albintemelium, Albintimilium Ventimiglia
Altinum Altino
America Amelia, Umbria
Ammurianum Murano
Apua Pontremoli
Aquae Statiellae Acqui Terme
Aquilia in Vestinis, Aquilia L'Aquila
Arconisium Racconigi
Ardea Ardea
Ariminum Rimini
Arretium Arezzo
Asculum Picenum Ascoli Piceno
Assisium Assisi, Umbria
Ateste Este
Aternum Pescara
Augusta Augusta, Sicily
Augusta Bagiennorum Bene Vagienna
Augusta Praetoria Salassorum Aosta
Augusta Taurinorum, Taurasia Turin
Baretium Varese
Barium Bari
Baruli Barletta
Bauzanum, Pons Drusi Bolzano
Bellunum Belluno
Beneventum Benevento
Bergomum Bergamo
Bobium, Ebovium Bobbio
Bononia Bologna
Boreana Burano
Brindisium, Brundusium Brindisi
Brixellum Brescello
Brixia Brescia
Brixino Brixen (Bressanone)
Caesena Cesena
Caieta Gaeta
Capreae Capri
Capua Santa Maria Capua Vetere
Caralis Cagliari, Sardinia
Carreum Potentia Chieri
Castra Nicia Caltanisetta
Catana or Catina Catania
Centum Cellae Civitavecchia
Civitas Sancti Romuli Sanremo
Claterna Claterna
Comum Como
Cremona Cremona
Dertona Tortona
Drepanum Trapani (west of Palermo)
Eporedia Ivrea
Fabiranum, Fabrianum Fabriano
Faesulae Fiesole
Faventia Faenza
Feltria Feltre
Fidentia Fidenza
Firmum (Picenum) Fermo
Florentia Florence (Firenze)
Forum Cornelii Imola
Forum Fulvii Villa del Foro, near Alessandria
Forum Iulii Cividale del Friuli
Forum Livii Forlì, Italy
Forum Popilii Forlimpopoli
Forum Vibii Caburrum Cavour
Fossa Clodia Chioggia
Frusina Frosinone
Fulginiae, Fulginium Foligno
Genua Genoa (Genova)
Hasta Asti
Henna or Haenna Enna
Herculaneum Herculaneum (Ercolano)
Hispellum, Colonia Julia Hispellum Spello, Umbria
Hostilia Ostiglia
Iguvium, Eugubium Gubbio, Umbria
Industria Monteu da Po
Iria Voghera
Iulia Concordia Concordia Sagittaria
Interamna Nahars, Interamna Nahartium Terni, Umbria
Interamnia Praetutiana, Interamnia, Interamnium, Interamna Teramo
Labellum Lavello
Laus Pompeia Lodi, Lombardy
Libarna near Serravalle Scrivia
Lilybaeum Marsala
Luna Luni
Lupiae Lecce
Mantua Mantua (Mantova)
Mateola Matera
Mediolanum Milan (Milano)
Messana Messina
Mevania Bevagna, Umbria
Modicia Monza
Mutina Modena
Neapolis Naples (Napoli)
Nola Nola, near Naples
Novaria Novara
Nursia Norcia, Umbria
Olmedum Olmedo
Opitergium Oderzo
Panormus Palermo
Parma Parma
Patavium Padua (Padova)
Perusia Perugia
Pisae Pisa
Pisaurum Pesaro
Pistoria, Pistorium or Pistoriae Pistoia
Placentia Piacenza
Pollentia Pollenzo
Portus Naonis Pordenone
Potentia Potenza
Praeneste Palestrina
Puteoli Pozzuoli
Ravenna Ravenna
Reate Rieti
Rhegium, or Regium Lepidi Reggio Calabria
Rodigium or Rhodigium Rovigo
Roma Rome
Scylacium, Scylletium, Scolatium, Scolacium, Scyllaceum, Scalacium, Minervium or Colonia Minervia Squillace
Saena, Sena Siena
Savo Savona
Segusium Susa
Sipontum Manfredonia
Spoletium Spoleto, Umbria
Stabiae Castellammare di Stabia
Suasa Castelleone di Suasa, Marche
Surrentum Sorrento
Syracusae¹ Syracuse (Siracusa)
Tarentum Taranto
Tarvisium Treviso
Tauromenium Taormina
Teate Chieti
Tergeste Trieste
Terracina Terracina
Thermae Himerenses Termini Imerese
Tibur Tivoli
Ticinum Pavia
Tifernum Tiberinum Città di Castello
Tridentum Trent (Trento)
Tuder Todi, Umbria
Tusculum near Frascati (south-east of Rome)
Urbinum Hortense, Urvinum Hortense near Collemancio, Umbria (?)
Urbinum Mataurense, Urvinum Mataurense Urbino, Marche
Vada Sabatia Vado Ligure
Vardacate, Vardagate Casale Monferrato
Vedinum, Utinum Udine
Veleia, Velleia Velleia, frazione of Lugagnano Val d'Arda
Velitrae Velletri
Venusia Venosa
Vercellæ Vercelli
Vicetia, Vincentia Vicenza
Victimula
Vigiliae Bisceglie
Viglebanum, Vigebanum Vigevano
Vigueria, Viguerium Voghera
Vipitenum Vipiteno
Volaterrae Volterra
Volsinii Novi, Volsinium Bolsena

Cities and towns on Malta[edit]

Canonical Latin Name (source(s): variant(s)) English Name (native language(s)) - older name(s), (other language(s)), location(s)
Civitas Victoriosa Birgu (Vittoriosa)
Melita, Notabilis Mdina
Civitas Invicta Isla (Senglea)
Civitas Humilissima Valletta

See also[edit]

References[edit]

In order of likely publication:

External links[edit]