List of Lessepsian migrants

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Lessepsian migrants, named after Ferdinand de Lesseps, the French engineer in charge of the Suez Canal's construction, are marine species that are native to the waters on one side of the Suez Canal, and which have been introduced by passage through the canal to the waters on its other side, giving rise to new colonies there and often becoming invasive.

The Indian mackerel, Rastrelliger kanagurta, an example of Lessepsian migrant

Most Lessepsian migrations are of Red Sea species invading the Mediterranean Sea; few occur in the opposite direction.

Red Sea species to Mediterranean Sea[edit]

The year given denotes first record in the Mediterranean.

Species Group Year Ref.
Actaea savignii Crustacea: Xanthidae 2010 [1]
Alepes djedaba Actinopterygii: Carangidae 1927 [2]
Alpheus edwardsii Crustacea: Alpheidae 1924 [3]
Alpheus inopinatus Crustacea: Alpheidae 1958 [3]
Alpheus lobidens Crustacea: Alpheidae 1936 [3]
Alpheus migrans Crustacea: Alpheidae 1978 [3]
Alpheus rapacida Crustacea: Alpheidae 1964 [3][4]
Apogonichthyoides pharaonis Actinopterygii: Apogonidae 1947 [5]
Aquilonastra burtoni Echinodermata: Asterinidae 1966 [6]
Arcuatula arcuatula Mollusca: Mytilidae [7]
Arcuatula perfragilis Mollusca: Mytilidae 1960 [7][8]
Ashtoret lunaris Crustacea: Matutidae 1990 [3]
Atergatis roseus Crustacea: Xanthidae 1964 [3]
Atherinomorus lacunosus Actinopterygii: Atherinidae 1902 [9]
Belzebub hanseni Crustacea: Luciferidae 1927 [3]
Callionymus filamentosus Actinopterygii: Callionymidae 1953 [2]
Carcharhinus brevipinna Chondrichthyes: Carcharhinidae [10]
Carupa tenuipes Crustacea: Portunidae 1996 [11]
Ceratonereis mirabilis Annelida: Nereididae
Chaetodon austriacus Actinopterygii: Chaetodontidae 2011 [12]
Chaetodon larvatus Actinopterygii: Chaetodontidae 2011 [13]
Charybdis hellerii Crustacea: Portunidae 1929 [3]
Charybdis longicollis Crustacea: Portunidae 1961 [3]
Cheilodipterus novemstriatus Actinopterygii: Apogonidae 2010 [14]
Coleusia signata Crustacea: Leucosiidae 1990 [3]
Conus arenatus Mollusca: Conidae [7]
Coryogalops ocheticus Actinopterygii: Gobiidae 1927
Crenidens crenidens Actinopterygii: Sparidae 1970
Cryptocentrus caeruleopunctatus Actinopterygii: Gobiidae 2015 [15]
Cymothoa indica Crustacea: Cymothoidae 2009 [16]
Cynoglossus sinusarabici Actinopterygii: Cynoglossidae 1953
Cucurbitula cymbium Mollusca: Gastrochaenidae [7]
Decapterus russelli Actinopterygii: Carangidae 2005 [17]
Diodora ruppellii Mollusca: Fissurellidae [7]
Dussumieria acuta Actinopterygii: Clupeidae 1953 [2]
Epinephelus coioides Actinopterygii: Serranidae 1969 [18]
Epinephelus malabaricus Actinopterygii: Serranidae 1969
Equulites elongatus Actinopterygii: Leiognathidae 2011 [19]
Equulites klunzingeri Actinopterygii: Leiognathidae 1931 [2]
Etrumeus teres Actinopterygii: Clupeidae 1963
Eucrate crenata Crustacea: Goneplacidae 1997 [3][20]
Eudactylina aspera Crustacea: Eudactylinidae 1977 [10]
Fenneropenaeus indica Crustacea: Penaeidae 1981 [3]
Ferosagitta galerita Chaetognatha: Sagittidae 2003 [21]
Fistularia commersonii Actinopterygii: Fistulariidae 2001 [22]
Fulvia fragilis Mollusca: Cardiidae 2005 [23]
Gafrarium pectinatum Mollusca: Veneridae [7]
Glyphidohaptor plectocirra Platyhelminthes: Ancyrocephalidae 1972 [10]
Goniobranchus annulatus Mollusca: Chromodorididae 2004 [24]
Hemiramphus far Actinopterygii: Hemiramphidae 1927
Herklotsichthys punctatus Actinopterygii: Clupeidae 1976
Heterosaccus dollfusi Crustacea: Sacculinidae 1992 [25]
Himantura uarnak Chondrichthyes: Dasyatidae 1955 [26]
Hippocampus fuscus Actinopterygii: Syngnathidae 2001 [27]
Hyastenus hilgendorfi Crustacea: Epialtidae 1964 [3]
Hyporhamphus affinis Actinopterygii: Hemiramphidae 1967
Hypselodoris infucata Mollusca: Chromodorididae 1973
Isanda holdsworthiana Mollusca: Trochidae [7]
Ixa monodi Crustacea: Leucosiidae 1958 [3]
Jaydia queketti Actinopterygii: Apogonidae 2006 [28]
Jaydia smithi Actinopterygii: Apogonidae 2013 [29]
Lagocephalus sceleratus Actinopterygii: Tetraodontidae 2005 [30]
Lagocephalus spadiceus Actinopterygii: Tetraodontidae 1953 [2]
Lagocephalus suezensis Actinopterygii: Tetraodontidae 1977
Laternula anatina Mollusca: Laternulidae [7]
Leonnates decipiens Annelida: Nereididae
Leonnates indicus Annelida: Nereididae
Leonnates persicus Annelida: Nereididae 2001 [31]
Leptochela aculeocaudata Crustacea: Pasiphaeidae 1936 [3]
Leptochela pugnax Crustacea: Pasiphaeidae 1958 [3]
Liza carinata Actinopterygii: Mugilidae 1971 [2]
Lophioturris indica Mollusca: Turridae [7]
Lutjanus argentimaculatus Actinopterygii: Lutjanidae 1977
Mactra olorina Mollusca: Mactridae [7]
Marsupenaeus japonicus Crustacea: Penaeidae 1926 [3][32]
Metapenaeus monoceros Crustacea: Penaeidae 1927 [3]
Metapenaeus stebbingi Crustacea: Penaeidae 1927 [3]
Metapenaeopsis aegypti Crustacea: Penaeidae 1990 [33]
Metapenaeopsis mogiensis Crustacea: Penaeidae 1997 [20]
Modiolus auriculatus Mollusca: Mytilidae 1960 [7]
Muraenesox cinereus Actinopterygii: Muraenesocidae 1982
Myrax fugax Crustacea: Leucosiidae 1930 [3]
Neanthes willeyi Annelida: Nereididae
Nemipterus japonicus Actinopterygii: Nemipteridae 2006 [34]
Nemipterus randalli Actinopterygii: Nemipteridae 2006 [35]
Nereis gilchristi Annelida: Nereididae
Nereis zonata persica Annelida: Nereididae
Nipergasilus bora Crustacea: Ergasilidae 1971 [10]
Notopus dorsipes Crustacea: Raninidae 1964 [3]
Ogyrides mjoebergi Crustacea: Ogyrididae 1958 [3]
Ostorhinchus fasciatus Actinopterygii: Apogonidae 2008 [36]
Oxyurichthys papuensis Actinopterygii: Gobiidae 1983
Palaemonella rotumana Crustacea: Palaemonidae 1958 [3]
Pampus argenteus Actinopterygii: Stromateidae 1896 [37]
Panulirus ornatus Crustacea: Palinuridae 1989 [3]
Papilloculiceps longiceps Actinopterygii: Platycephalidae 1990
Paraexocoetus mento Actinopterygii: Exocoetidae 1935
Pelates quadrilineatus Actinopterygii: Terapontidae 1970 [2]
Pempheris mangula Actinopterygii: Pempheridae 1979 [2][38]
Penaeus hathor Crustacea: Penaeidae 1997 [29]
Penaeus semisulcatus Crustacea: Penaeidae 1928 [3]
Periclimenes calami Crustacea: Palaemonidae 1927 [3]
Perinereis nuntia Annelida: Nereididae
Petroscirtes ancylodon Actinopterygii: Blenniidae 1989
Pilumnopeus vauquelini Crustacea: Xanthidae 1927 [3]
Pilumnus hirsutus Crustacea: Xanthidae 1936 [3]
Plagusia tuberculata Crustacea: Grapsidae 1967 [3]
Platax teira Actinopterygii: Ephippidae 2010 [39]
Platycephalus indicus Actinopterygii: Platycephalidae 1953
Platymaia wyvillethompsoni Crustacea: Majidae 1967 [3]
Plotosus lineatus Actinopterygii: Plotosidae 2001 [40]
Pomacanthus imperator Actinopterygii: Pomacanthidae 2010 [39]
Pomacanthus maculosus Actinopterygii: Pomacanthidae 2009 [41]
Pomadasys stridens Actinopterygii: Haemulidae 1969
Portunus pelagicus Crustacea: Portunidae 1924 [3]
Potamides conicus Mollusca: Potamididae [7]
Priacanthus sagittarius Actinopterygii: Priacanthidae 2009 [39]
Processa aequimana Crustacea: Processidae 1946 [3]
Pseudonereis anomala Annelida: Nereididae
Pteragogus pelycus Actinopterygii: Labridae 1992
Pterois miles Actinopterygii: Scorpaenidae 1992
Rachycentron canadum Actinopterygii: Rachycentridae 1986
Rastrelliger kanagurta Actinopterygii: Scombridae 1971
Rhabdosargus haffara Actinopterygii: Sparidae 1992
Rhopilema nomadica Cnidaria: Rhizostomatidae 1970s [42]
Rhynchoconger trewavasae Actinopterygii: Congridae 1993
Sargocentron rubrum Actinopterygii: Holocentridae 1947 [2]
Saron marmoratus Crustacea: Hippolytidae 2013 [29]
Saurida undosquamis Actinopterygii: Synodontidae 1953 [43]
Scarus ghobban Actinopterygii: Scaridae 1999 [44]
Scomberomorus commerson Actinopterygii: Scombridae 1935
Sepioteuthis lessoniana Mollusca: Loliginidae 2002 [45]
Siganus luridus Actinopterygii: Siganidae 1964
Siganus rivulatus Actinopterygii: Siganidae 1927
Silhouettea aegyptia Actinopterygii: Gobiidae 1991
Sillago sihama Actinopterygii: Sillaginidae 1977 [2]
Sorsogona prionota Actinopterygii: Platycephalidae 1947
Sphaerozius nitidus Crustacea: Xanthidae 1972 [3]
Sphyraena chrysotaenia Actinopterygii: Sphyraenidae 1930 [2]
Sphyraena flavicauda Actinopterygii: Sphyraenidae 1992
Spratelloides delicatulus Actinopterygii: Clupeidae 1978
Stephanolepis diaspros Actinopterygii: Monacanthidae 1927 [2]
Synalpheus hululensis Crustacea: Alpheidae 1964 [3]
Synanceia verrucosa Actinopterygii: Scorpaenidae 2010 [46]
Synchirops sechellensis Actinopterygii: Callionymidae [47]
Terapon puta Actinopterygii: Terapontidae 1976
Tetrosomus gibbosus Actinopterygii: Ostraciidae 1988 [48]
Thalamita poissonii Crustacea: Portunidae 1958 [3]
Trachysalambria curvirostris Crustacea: Penaeidae 1927 [3]
Trachysalambria palaestinensis Crustacea: Penaeidae 1998 [11]
Trochus erithreus Mollusca: Trochidae [7]
Tylerius spinosissimus Actinopterygii: Tetraodontidae 2005 [49]
Tylosurus choram Actinopterygii: Belonidae 1963
Upeneus moluccensis Actinopterygii: Mullidae 1947 [2]
Upeneus pori Actinopterygii: Mullidae 1950 [2]
Urocaridella pulchella Crustacea: Palaemonidae 2008 [11]
Vanderhorstia mertensi Actinopterygii: Gobiidae 2008 [50]
Zafra savignyi Mollusca: Columbellidae [7]

Mediterranean species to Red Sea[edit]

References[edit]

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  50. ^ Murat Bilecenoglu1; Mehmet Baki Yokeş; Ahmet Eryigit (2008). "First record of Vanderhorstia mertensi Klausewitz, 1974 (Pisces, Gobiidae) in the Mediterranean Sea" (PDF). Aquatic Invasions. pp. 475–478. 

General references[edit]

  • Dulcic, J. and A. Pallaoro (2003). Lessepsian Fish Migrants Reported in the East Adriatic Sea: An Annotated List, Ser. hist. nat..
  • Golani, D. (1998). Impact of Red Sea Fish Migrants through the Suez Canal on the Aquatic Environment of the Eastern Mediterranean, Yale FE&S Bulletin 103.
  • Tortonese, E. (1966). Echinoderms from the coast of Lebanon. Misc Pap Nat Sci Am Univ Beirut 5:2–5.

External links[edit]