List of Living Legends of the American Academy of Nursing

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The Living Legend designation from the American Academy of Nursing is bestowed upon a very small number of nurses "in recognition of the multiple contributions these individuals have made to our profession and our society and in recognition of the continuing impact of these contributions on the provision of health care services in the United States and throughout the world."[1] Each Living Legend has been a Fellow of the American Academy of Nursing (FAAN) for at least 15 years.[2]

While over 2,000 nurses have achieved the FAAN designation, only a few dozen have been named Living Legends.[1][3]

Living Legends[edit]

Year Name Alma mater Affiliations Notes
1994 Faye Glenn Abdellah Columbia University United States Public Health Service Former Deputy Surgeon General of the United States. First dean of Uniformed Services University Graduate School of Nursing. Authored Patient Centered Approaches to Nursing.[4]
1994 Myrtle Aydelotte University of Minnesota University of Iowa Former CEO of American Nurses Association. Founding nursing school dean at University of Iowa.[5]
1994 Mary Elizabeth Carnegie New York University American Journal of Nursing Editorial staff member of American Journal of Nursing. Senior editor of Nursing Outlook. First editor of Nursing Research. Nursing school dean at Florida A&M University.[6]
1994 Ildaura Murillo-Rohde New York University National Association of Hispanic Nurses Founding president of National Association of Hispanic Nurses. First Hispanic nurse to complete PhD at New York University. First Hispanic nursing school dean at New York University. Recipient of Hildegard Peplau Lifetime Achievement Award.[7]
1994 Hildegard Peplau Columbia University Rutgers University Author of Interpersonal Relations in Nursing. Only person to hold president and executive director posts at American Nurses Association.[8]
1994 Jessie M. Scott Columbia University United States Public Health Service Former Assistant Surgeon General, United States Public Health Service. Recipient of Distinguished Service Medal from USPHS. Involved in creation of the 1964 Nurse Training Act.[9]
1994 Harriet Werley University of Utah Walter Reed Army Institute of Research Founding editor of Research in Nursing. Created the Nursing Minimum Data Set. Nursing department chief at Walter Reed Army Institute of Research. Distinguished professor at the University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee.[10]
1995 Luther Christman Michigan State University Rush University Helped to develop the Rush Model of Nursing and the clinical nurse specialist role. Founding member of the National Male Nurse Association, which became the American Assembly for Men in Nursing. First male inducted into the ANA Hall of Fame. First male nursing school dean in US.[11]
1995 Rheba de Tornyay Stanford University University of Washington Dean emeritus at University of Washington School of Nursing. Former president of the American Academy of Nursing. Namesake for an aging center at University of Washington.[12]
1995 Virginia Ohlson University of Chicago University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign Department head for public health nursing at University of Illinois College of Nursing between 1970 and 1980. Helped to establish the master's degree in public health nursing at the school. Served as an international nursing consultant and received an order of knighthood from the Emperor of Japan.[13]
1995 Rozella Schlotfeldt University of Chicago Case Western Reserve University Dean emerita of the Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing at Case Western Reserve University. Established faculty and nursing practice collaborations at the school. Served on a task force to create the 1964 Nurse Training Act.[14]
1996 Clifford Jordan University of Pennsylvania University of Pennsylvania First male tenured nursing professor at Penn. Coordinated Penn's graduate program in nursing service administration. Served as executive director of the Association of Operating Room Nurses.[15]
1996 Mary V. Neal University of Maryland Chair of pediatric nursing at University of Maryland. Established a research program at the university hospital's neonatal intensive care unit. Developed a "rocking hammock" and studied stimulation in premature infants. Created a conceptual model for maternal-child nursing.[16]
1996 Dorothy M. Smith Harvard University University of Florida Founding dean of the University of Florida College of Nursing. Developed the clinical assessment database. Served as a hospital chief of nursing practice while on the faculty at Florida.[17]
1997 Mabel Wandelt University of Michigan University of Texas at Austin Developer of Quality Patient Care Scale (Qualpacs). One of four initial nurse researchers on "magnet hospitals" which led to the Magnet Recognition Program.[18] Author of Guide for the Beginning Researcher.[19]
1997 Mary Kelly Mullane University of Chicago University of Illinois at Chicago Former nursing school dean at University of Illinois at Chicago. Former executive director at the American Association of Colleges of Nursing. Chaired an Illinois state research committee which encouraged nurses to pursue graduate degrees in the 1960s.[20]
1997 Jo Eleanor Elliott University of Michigan University of Michigan Former president of the American Nurses Association. Headed the USPHS Division of Nursing. Advocated college education for all nurses.[21]
1997 Doris Schwartz New York University Cornell University Professor and gerontology researcher. Former co-director of Cornell's Geriatric Nurse Practitioner and Family Nurse Practitioner programs in the 1970s.
1997 Mary Woody Columbia University Auburn University Founded the nursing school at Auburn.
1997 Anne Zimmerman Loyola University Chicago Loyola University Chicago President of the American Nurses Association, 1976-1978. Headed several state nursing associations.
1998 Vernice Ferguson New York University National Institutes of Health Led the nursing department at the NIH Clinical Center. Former chief nursing officer for the Veterans Administration.
1998 Claire Fagin New York University University of Pennsylvania First female interim president in the Ivy League.
1998 Madeleine Leininger University of Washington University of Washington Emeritus professor and transcultural nursing expert.
1999 Grayce Sills Ohio State University Ohio State University Former president of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association. Expert in community-based mental health nursing.
1999 Margretta Styles University of Florida University of California, San Francisco Founded the American Nurses Credentialing Center.
1999 Loretta Ford University of Colorado University of Colorado Co-created the first pediatric nurse practitioner program at Colorado.
1999 Connie Holleran University of Pennsylvania Former executive director of the International Council of Nurses.
2000 Geraldene Felton New York University The University of Iowa Former nursing school dean at Iowa and former president of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing.
2000 Jeanne Quint Benoliel University of Washington Pioneer in palliative care. Founded the PhD program at the University of Washington School of Nursing.
2000 Shirley Chater Texas Woman's University President of Texas Woman's University between 1986 and 1993.
2000 Thelma Schorr Columbia University American Journal of Nursing Editor-in-chief, American Journal of Nursing, 1971-1981.[22]
2001 Susan Gortner University of California, Berkeley University of California, San Francisco Pioneered clinical research in cardiovascular nursing.
2001 Mary Starke Harper National Institute of Mental Health Presidential adviser on mental health and aging.
2001 Lucie Kelly Columbia University Editor of Nursing Outlook. Past president of Sigma Theta Tau International. Created interdisciplinary nursing administration program at Columbia.
2001 Ruth Lubic Childbirth Connection Founded the first U.S. birthing center.
2001 Florence Wald Yale School of Nursing Yale School of Nursing Established the first American hospice team.
2002 Lillian Sholtis Brunner University of Pennsylvania University of Pennsylvania Editor of Textbook of Medical and Surgical Nursing and Lippincott Manual of Nursing Practice.
2002 Rhetaugh Graves Dumas Union Institute & University Yale University Former dean and vice provost at the University of Michigan. Former deputy director of the National Institute of Mental Health.
2002 Virginia Saba Georgetown University Early leader in the nursing informatics movement.
2002 Gladys Sorensen Columbia University University of Arizona President, American Academy of Nursing, 1985-1987.
2003 Signe Cooper University of Minnesota University of Wisconsin-Madison Developer of the concept of continuing nursing education.
2003 Ira P. Gunn University of Houston U.S. Army Early nurse anesthetist. Namesake for a professional advocacy award given by the American Association of Nurse Anesthetists.
2003 Ramona T. Mercer University of Pittsburgh University of California San Francisco Nursing theorist (maternal role attainment).
2004 Florence Downs New York University Editor of Nursing Research from 1979 to 1997. Directed early graduate programs in nursing.
2004 Juanita Fleming University of Kentucky Administrator at the University of Kentucky and Kentucky State University. Authored more than fifty refereed papers and 24 books or book chapters.
2004 Edith Patton Lewis Case Western Reserve University Editorial staff member of Nursing Outlook, Nursing Research and American Journal of Nursing. Developed the Contemporary Nursing Series.
2004 Sally Ann Sample University of Washington University of Vermont Helped to create the joint appointment (academic and clinical practice) role for the clinical nurse specialist.
2004 Shirley Smoyak Rutgers University Rutgers University Founder, Journal of Psychosocial Nursing.
2005 Joyce Clifford Brandeis University Beth Israel Hospital Advocate for primary nursing and for baccalaureate nursing education.
2005 Jean E. Johnson University of Wisconsin - Madison University of Rochester Created sensation theory.
2005 Imogene King Columbia University Loyola University Chicago Introduced the theory of goal attainment.
2005 Joan Lynaugh University of Pennsylvania Director emerita of the Barbara Bates Center for the Study of the History of Nursing.
2006 Kathryn Barnard University of Washington Nurse theorist who studied infant mental health.
2006 Sister Rosemary Donley University of Pittsburgh Duquesne University Former president of the National League for Nursing and Sigma Theta Tau International.
2006 Marlene Kramer Stanford University University of Nevada Reno Author of Reality Shock: Why Nurses Leave Nursing.
2006 Angela McBride Indiana University Former president of Sigma Theta Tau International and the American Academy of Nursing. Author of The Growth and Development of Mothers and The Growth and Development of Nurse Leaders.
2006 Ellen Rudy University of Pittsburgh Established a faculty practice system at Pittsburgh's School of Nursing.
2007 Marie Cowan University of Washington University of California, Los Angeles Former dean at UCLA. Cardiovascular researcher who wrote 110 peer-reviewed articles.
2007 Phyllis Ethridge University of Arizona Carondelet St. Mary's Hospital Hospital administrator who developed one of the first nursing health maintenance organizations. Appointed to Bill Clinton's 1992 health reform task force.
2007 Carrie Lenburg Columbia University National League for Nursing Former associate director of the National League for Nursing. Helped to form the New York Regents External Degree Program, now known as Excelsior College.
2007 Margaret McClure Columbia University New York University Hospital chief nursing officer. One of the four authors of Magnet Hospitals: Attraction and Retention of Professional Nurses.
2007 Callista Roy University of California, Los Angeles Boston College Developed the adaptation model of nursing.
2007 Gloria Smith Union Institute & University Wayne State University Former vice president of health programs at W. K. Kellogg Foundation.
2008 Gene Cranston Anderson University of Wisconsin–Madison Case Western Reserve University Nurse researcher in maternal-infant care.
2008 Helen Grace Northwestern University University of Illinois at Chicago Dean emerita of UIC College of Nursing. Co-editor for several editions of Current Issues in Nursing.
2008 Margaret Newman New York University Penn State University Creator of the theory of health as expanding consciousness.
2008 Robert Piemonte Columbia University New York University Former executive director of the National Student Nurses' Association.
2008 Phyllis Stern Indiana University - Purdue University Indianapolis Grounded theory scholar.
2009 Barbara Brodie University of Virginia Retired associate director and former director of the Center for Nursing Historical Inquiry.
2009 Leah Curtin University of Cincinnati Nursing Management Longtime nursing journal editor. Author of Sunflowers in the Sand: Stories from Children of War.
2009 Marjory Gordon Boston College Boston College Created Gordon's functional health patterns. Serves on board of directors for North American Nursing Diagnosis Association.
2009 Ruby Leila Wilson Duke University Duke University Former dean at Duke. Developed the first clinical master's program in nursing.
2010 Billye J. Brown Baylor University University of Texas at Austin Former dean, University of Texas at Austin.
2010 Donna Diers University of Technology, Sydney Yale University Former dean at Yale School of Nursing. Created first graduate entry program in nursing.
2010 Norma M. Lang University of Pennsylvania Dean emerita of nursing at University of Pennsylvania. Created a model for nursing quality assurance in the 1970s.
2010 Barbara L. Nichols CGFNS International Former CEO of CGFNS International
2010 Betty Smith Williams University of California Los Angeles California State University Long Beach Founding member of the National Black Nurses Association
2011 Patricia Benner University of California, Berkeley University of California San Francisco Author, From Novice to Expert
2011 Suzanne Feetham National Institutes of Health Created the Feetham Family Functioning Survey.
2011 Ada Sue Hinshaw University of Arizona University of Michigan First director of the National Institute of Nursing Research.
2011 Meridean Maas Iowa State University University of Iowa Co-director, Gerontological Nursing Interventions Research Center
2011 May Wykle Case Western Reserve University Case Western Reserve University President, Friends of the National Institute for Nursing Research. Former president of Sigma Theta Tau International.
2012 Anne J. Davis University of California, San Francisco Professor emerita at the University of California San Francisco.
2012 Mi Ja Kim University of Illinois at Chicago University of Illinois at Chicago International nursing consultant, member of the CGFNS International Board of Trustees.
2012 Nola Pender Northwestern University University of Michigan Created the Health Promotion Model.
2012 Muriel Poulin Columbia University Boston University Professor emerita at Boston University. Fulbright Scholar in Barcelona.
2013 Clara Leach Adams-Ender University of Minnesota Walter Reed Army Medical Center Former chief of the United States Army Nurse Corps
2013 Hattie Bessent University of Florida University of Florida Led the ANA Ethnic Minority Fellowship Program
2013 Margaret Miles University of Missouri–Kansas City University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Founding president, Society of Pediatric Nurses
2013 Jean Watson Lewis Gale School of Nursing University of Colorado Nurse theorist and nursing professor who is best known for her Theory of Human Caring
2014 Kathleen Dracup University of California, San Francisco University of California, San Francisco Dean Emeritus, UCSF School of Nursing
2014 Barbara Durand University of San Francisco Arizona State University Former dean, ASU College of Nursing
2014 Bernardine Lacey Columbia University Western Michigan University
2014 Colleen Goode University of Iowa University of Colorado Denver
2015 Diane M. Billings Indiana University Indiana University
2015 Marylin J. Dodd Wayne State University University of California, San Francisco
2015 Fannie Jean Gaston-Johansson University of Gothenburg Johns Hopkins University
2015 Marie E. Manthey University of Minnesota
2015 Afaf Meleis University of California, Los Angeles University of Pennsylvania
2016 Linda Burnes Bolton University of California, Los Angeles Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
2016 Ann Wolbert Burgess
2016 Colleen Conway-Welch
2016 Joyce J. Fitzpatrick
2016 Martha N. Hill

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Living Legends". American Academy of Nursing. Archived from the original on April 12, 2012. Retrieved May 26, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Living Legend Selection Process". American Academy of Nursing. Retrieved May 26, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Academy Fellows". American Academy of Nursing. Retrieved May 26, 2013. 
  4. ^ "ANA Hall of Fame: RADM Faye Glenn Abdellah, (Ret.), USPHS, EdD, ScD, RN, FAAN, 2012 Inductee". American Nurses Association. Retrieved May 26, 2013. 
  5. ^ "ANA Mourns the Passing of Dr. Myrtle K. Aydelotte" (PDF). American Nurses Association. Retrieved May 26, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Mary Elizabeth Carnegie, DPA, RN, FAAN". American Association for the History of Nursing. Retrieved May 26, 2013. 
  7. ^ Feldman, Harriet (ed.) (2011). Nursing Leadership: A Concise Encyclopedia. Springer. p. 393. ISBN 0826121772. 
  8. ^ "ANA Hall of Fame: Hildegard Peplau (1909-1999) 1998 Inductee". American Nurses Association. Retrieved May 26, 2013. 
  9. ^ "Deaths: Ms. Scott, Former Nursing Overseer". University of Pennsylvania Almanac. 56 (9). October 27, 2009. Retrieved May 26, 2013. 
  10. ^ "Office of Medical History: Harriet Helen Werley". U.S. Army Medical Department. Retrieved May 26, 2013. 
  11. ^ Hut, Nick. "Pioneering Nurse Luther Christman Dies at 96". Nurse.com. Retrieved May 26, 2013. 
  12. ^ "De Tornyay Center for Healthy Aging". University of Washington. Retrieved May 26, 2013. 
  13. ^ "Biographical Sketch: Virginia Ohlson Papers". University of Illinois at Chicago. Retrieved May 26, 2013. 
  14. ^ "In Memoriam: Rozella M. Schlotfeldt, PhD, RN, FAAN" (PDF). Case Western Reserve University. Retrieved May 26, 2013. 
  15. ^ "Deaths: Clifford Jordan, Nursing". University of Pennsylvania Almanac. 54 (5). September 25, 2007. Retrieved May 26, 2013. 
  16. ^ "To Discover & Disseminate: Research Since the 1980s". University of Maryland School of Nursing. Retrieved May 26, 2013. 
  17. ^ "Dorothy M. Smith: Pioneer, Visionary and Leader". University of Florida. Retrieved May 26, 2013. 
  18. ^ "In Memoriam: Mabel A. Wandelt". The University of Texas at Austin. Retrieved May 26, 2013. 
  19. ^ "Dr. Wandelt Named Dean". The Afro American. June 28, 1975. Retrieved May 26, 2013. 
  20. ^ Keoun, Bradley (September 22, 1999). "Mary Kelly Mullane, 89, Former UIC Nursing Dean". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved May 26, 2013. 
  21. ^ Cipriano, Pamela (June 2011). "Jo Eleanor Elliott: A Legacy of Courage". American Nurse Today. 6 (6). Retrieved May 26, 2013. 
  22. ^ Bullough, Vern L.; Sentz, Lilli, eds. (2004). "Thelma M. Schorr". American Nursing: A Biographical Dictionary. 3. Springer Publishing. pp. 250–3. ISBN 9780826111470.