List of Living National Treasures of Japan (performing arts)

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The List of Living National Treasures of Japan (performing arts) contains all the individuals and groups certified as Living National Treasures by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of the government of Japan in the category of the performing arts (芸能 geinō?).

The performing arts are divided into eight categories: Gagaku, Noh, Bunraku, Kabuki, Kumi Odori, Music, Dance, and Drama. The categories are subdivided into a number of subcategories, usually by role or instrument.

Those working in the performing arts are eligible for recognition either individually (Individual Certification) or as part of a group (General Certification).

List of Current Designated Individuals (Performing Arts)[edit]

Noh[edit]

Name Born Category Subcategory Year Designated
Akiyo Tomoeda (友枝昭世?) 1940 Noh Shite 2008
Genshō Umewaka (梅若玄祥?) 1948 Noh Shite 2014
Tatsuo Yasufuku (安福建雄?) 1938 Noh Ōtsuzumi 1998
Tadao Kamei (亀井忠雄?) 1941 Noh Ōtsuzumi 2002
Gentarō Mishima (三島元太郎?) 1936 Noh Taiko 2014
Tarō Nomura (野村太良?), alias Man Nomura (野村萬?) 1930 Noh Kyōgen 1997
Jirō Nomura (野村二朗?), alias Mansaku Nomura II (二世野村万作?) 1931 Noh Kyōgen 2007
Tōjirō Yamamoto (山本東次郎?) 1937 Noh Kyōgen 2012
Hisayuki Issō (一噌仙幸?) 1940 Noh Fue 2009

Bunraku[edit]

Name Born Category Subcategory Year Designated
Sumitayū Takemoto VII (七世竹本住大夫?) 1924 Bunraku Tayū 1989
Shimatayū Toyotake VIII (八世豊竹嶋大夫?) 1932 Bunraku Tayū 2015
Kanji Tsuruzawa VII (七世鶴沢寛治?) 1928 Bunraku Shamisen 1997
Seiji Tsuruzawa (鶴沢清治?) 1945 Bunraku Shamisen 2007
Bunjaku Yoshida (吉田文雀?) 1928 Bunraku Puppeteer 1994
Minosuke Yoshida III (三世吉田簑助?) 1933 Bunraku Puppeteer 1994

Kabuki[edit]

Name Born Category Subcategory Year Designated
Kataoka Nizaemon XV (十五代目 片岡 仁左衛門?) 1944 Kabuki Tachiyaku 2015
Nakamura Kichiemon II (二代目中村吉右衛門?) 1944 Kabuki Tachiyaku 2011
Onoe Kikugorō VII (七代目尾上菊五郎?) 1942 Kabuki Tachiyaku 2003
Sawamura Tanosuke VI (六代目沢村田之助?) 1932 Kabuki Wakiyaku 2002
Tobaya Richō VII (七代目鳥羽屋里長?) 1936 Kabuki Nagauta 2002
Kineya Mitarō (杵屋巳太郎?) 1937 Kabuki Nagauta 2007
Bandō Tamasaburō V (五代目坂東玉三郎?) 1950 Kabuki Onnagata 2012
Sakata Tôjûrô IV (四代目坂田藤十郎?) 1931 Kabuki Onnagata, Wagotoshi 1994

Kumi Odori[edit]

Name Born Category Subcategory Year Designated
Nōhō Miyagi (宮城能鳳?) 1938 Kumi Odori Tachikata 2006
Tokutarō Shiroma (城間徳太郎?) 1933 Kumi Odori Uta Sanshin 2005
Kishun Nishie (西江喜春?) 1940 Kumi Odori Uta Sanshin 2011

Music[edit]

Name Born Category Subcategory Year Designated
Reibo Aoki (青木鈴慕?) 1935 Music Shakuhachi 1999
Hōzan Yamamoto II (二代目山本邦山?) 1937 Music Shakuhachi 2002
Shōin Yamase (山勢松韻?) 1932 Music Koto 2001
Fumiko Yonekawa II (二代目米川文子?) 1926 Music Koto 2008
Kisaburō Kineya XV (十五代目杵屋喜三郎?) 1923 Music Nagauta (Vocals) 1997
Tetsuo Miyada (宮田哲男?) 1934 Music Nagauta (Vocals) 1998
Masatarō Imafuji (今藤政太郎?) 1935 Music Nagauta (Shamisen) 2013
Kisaku Katada III (三代目堅田喜三久?) 1935 Music Nagauta (Narimono) 1999
Komanosuke Takemoto (竹本駒之助?) 1935 Music Gidayūbushi (Vocals) 1989
Tomoji Tsuruzawa (鶴沢友路?) 1913 Music Gidayūbushi (Shamisen) 1998
Shibun Uji VII (七代目宇治紫文?) 1933 Music Icchūbushi (Vocals) 1999
Bunchō Uji (宇治文蝶?) 1935 Music Icchūbushi (Shamisen) 2001
Setsuko Yamabiko (山彦節子?) 1920 Music Katōbushi (Vocals) 1994
Senko Yamabiko (山彦千子?) 1946 Music Katōbushi (Shamisen) 2009
Senroku Miyazono II (二代目宮園千碌?) 1944 Music Miyazonobushi (Vocals) 2007
Wakasanojō Tsuruga 11 (三代目鶴賀若狭掾?)[1] 1938 Music Shinnaibushi (Vocals) 2001
Nakasaburō Shinnai (新内仲三郎?) 1940 Music Shinnaibushi (Shamisen) 2001
Ichihadayū Tokiwazu (常磐津一巴太夫?) 1930 Music Tokiwazubushi (Vocals) 1995
Eiju Tokiwazu (常磐津英寿?) 1929 Music Tokiwazubushi (Shamisen) 1992
Eijudayū Kiyomoto (清元清寿太夫?) 1935 Music Kiyomotobushi (Vocals) 2003
Eizō Kiyamoto (清元栄三?) 1936 Music Kiyomotobushi (Shamisen) 2003
Umekichi Kiyomoto (清元梅吉?) 1932 Music Kiyomotobushi (Shamisen) 2013
Masao Shimabukuro (島袋正雄?) 1922 Music Ryūkyū's classical music 2000
Chōichi Terukina (照喜名朝一?) 1932 Music Ryūkyū's classical music 2000
Seikin Tomiyama II (二代目富山清琴?) 1950 Music Jiuta 2009

Dance[edit]

Name Born Category Subcategory Year Designated
Senzō Nishikawa X (西川扇藏(10代)?) 1928 Dance Kabuki-mai 1999
Toshinami Hanayagi (花柳寿南海?) 1924 Dance Kabuki-mai 2004
Yachiyo Inoue V (五世井上八千代?) 1956 Dance Kyō-mai 2015

Drama[edit]

Name Born Category Subcategory Year Designated
Beichō Katsura III (桂米朝(3代)?) 1925 Drama Classical Rakugo 1996
Kosanji Yanagiya X (十世柳家小三治?) 1939 Drama Classical Rakugo 2014
Teisui Ichiryūsai VI (一龍斎貞水(6代)?) 1939 Drama Kōdan 2002

List of Past Designated Individuals (Performing Arts)[edit]

Noh[edit]

Name Born Died Category Subcategory Year Designated
Roppeita Kita XIV (14世喜多六平太?) 1874 1971 Noh Shite 1955
Kenzō Kondo (近藤乾三?) 1890 1988 Noh Shite 1966
Michio Sakurama (桜間道雄?) 1897 1983 Noh Shite 1970
Tokuzō Gotō (後藤得三?) 1897 1991 Noh Shite 1970
Yazaemon Teshima (豊嶋弥平?) 1899 1978 Noh Shite 1977
Susumu Takahashi (高橋進?) 1902 1984 Noh Shite 1978
Shigeo Matsumoto (松本惠雄?) 1915 2003 Noh Shite 1990
Tetsunojō Kanze VIII (八世観世銕之丞?) 1931 2000 Noh Shite 1995
Kikuo Awaya (粟谷菊生?) 1922 2006 Noh Shite 1996
Hirotarō Katayama (片山博太郎?), alias Yūsetsu Katayama (片山幽雪?) 1930 2015 Noh Shite 2001
Izumi Mikawa (三川泉?) 1922 2016 Noh Shite 2003
Shigeyoshi Mori (森茂好?) 1916 1991 Noh Waki 1961
Kenzō Matsumoto (松本謙三?) 1899 1980 Noh Waki 1966
Yaichi Hōshō (宝生弥一?) 1908 1985 Noh Waki 1981
Kan Hōshō (寳生閑?), alias Kan Hōshō (宝生閑?) 1934 2016 Noh Waki 1994
Daigorō Fujita (藤田大五郎?) 1915 2008 Noh Fue 1971
Yoshimitsu Kō (幸祥光?) 1892 1977 Noh Kotsuzumi 1955
Yoshi Kōnobu (幸宣佳?) 1896 1977 Noh Kotsuzumi 1974
Hisashi Usawa (鵜沢寿?) 1908 1997 Noh Kotsuzumi 1982
Hiroshi Sowa (曾和博朗?) 1925 2015 Noh Kotsuzumi 1998
Osamu Kitamura (北村治?) 1936 2012 Noh Kotsuzumi 2003
Kyūen Kawasaki (川崎九淵?) 1874 1961 Noh Ōtsuzumi 1955
Toshio Kamei (亀井俊雄?) 1896 1969 Noh Ōtsuzumi 1968
Haruo Yasufuku (安福春雄?) 1907 1983 Noh Ōtsuzumi 1970
Noritake Seo (瀬尾乃武?) 1899 1997 Noh Ōtsuzumi 1984
Toyoji Kakimoto (柿本豊次?) 1893 1989 Noh Taiko 1968
Soemon Konbaru XXII (二十二世金春惣右衛門?) 1924 2014 Noh Taiko 1993
Yagorō Zenchiku (善竹弥五郎?) 1883 1965 Noh Kyōgen 1964
Manzō Nomura VI (六世野村万蔵?) 1898 1978 Noh Kyōgen 1968
Sensaku Shigeyama III (三世茂山千作?) 1896 1986 Noh Kyōgen 1976
Tokurō Miyake IX (九世三宅藤九郎?) 1901 1990 Noh Kyōgen 1979
Shime Shigeyama (茂山七五三?), alias Sensaku Shigeyama IV (四世茂山千作?) 1919 2013 Noh Kyōgen 1989

Bunraku[edit]

Name Born Died Category Subcategory Year Designated
Sumitayū Takemoto VI (六世竹本住大夫?) 1886 1959 Bunraku Tayū 1955
Yamashironoshōjō Toyotake (豊竹山城少掾?) 1878 1967 Bunraku Tayū 1955
Tsunatayū Takemoto VIII (八世竹本綱大夫?) 1904 1969 Bunraku Tayū 1955
Wakatayū Toyotake X (十世豊竹若大夫?) 1888 1967 Bunraku Tayū 1962
Koshijidayū Takemoto IV (四世竹本越路大夫?) 1913 2002 Bunraku Tayū 1971
Tsudayū Takemoto IV (四世竹本津大夫?) 1916 1987 Bunraku Tayū 1973
Tsunatayū Takemoto IX (九世竹本綱大夫?) 1932 2015 Bunraku Tayū 2007
Seiroku Tsuruzawa IV (四世鶴沢清六?) 1889 1960 Bunraku Shamisen 1955
Kanji Tsuruzawa VI (六世鶴沢寛治?) 1887 1974 Bunraku Shamisen 1962
Matsunosuke Nozawa (野沢松之輔?) 1902 1975 Bunraku Shamisen 1972
Kizaemon Nozawa (二世野沢喜左衛門?) 1891 1976 Bunraku Shamisen 1962
Yashichi Takezawa X (十世竹沢弥七?) 1910 1976 Bunraku Shamisen 1972
Enza Tsuruzawa V (五世鶴沢燕三?) 1914 2001 Bunraku Shamisen 1985
Kinshi Nozawa (四世野沢錦糸?) 1917 1988 Bunraku Shamisen 1988
Monjūro Kiritake II (二世桐竹紋十郎?) 1900 1970 Bunraku Puppeteer 1965
Tamao Yoshida (吉田玉男?) 1919 2006 Bunraku Puppeteer 1977
Kanjūro Kiritake II (二世桐竹勘十郎?) 1920 1986 Bunraku Puppeteer 1982

Kabuki[edit]

Name Born Died Category Subcategory Year Designated
Ichikawa Sadanji III (三代目市川左団次?) 1898 1969 Kabuki Tachiyaku 1964
Ichikawa Jūkai III (三代目市川寿海?) 1886 1971 Kabuki Tachiyaku 1960
Bandō Mitsugorō VIII (八代目坂東三津五郎?) 1906 1975 Kabuki Tachiyaku 1973
Matsumoto Hakuō (初代松本白鸚?) 1910 1982 Kabuki Tachiyaku 1975
Nakamura Ganjirō II (二代目中村鴈治郎?) 1902 1983 Kabuki Tachiyaku 1967
Nakamura Kanzaburō XVII (十七代目中村勘三郎?) 1909 1988 Kabuki Tachiyaku 1975
Onoe Shōroku II (二代目尾上松緑?) 1913 1989 Kabuki Tachiyaku 1972
Kataoka Nizaemon XIII (十三代目片岡仁左衛門?) 1903 1994 Kabuki Tachiyaku 1972
Ichimura Uzaemon XVII (十七代目市村羽左衛門?) 1916 2001 Kabuki Tachiyaku 1990
Nakamura Tomijūrō V (五代目中村富十郎?) 1929 2011 Kabuki Tachiyaku 1994
Onoe Baikō VII (七代目尾上梅幸?) 1915 1995 Kabuki Onnagata 1968
Nakamura Utaemon VI (六代目中村歌右衛門?) 1917 2001 Kabuki Onnagata 1968
Nakamura Jakuemon IV (四代目中村雀右衛門?) 1920 2012 Kabuki Onnagata 1991
Onoe Taganojō III (三代目尾上多賀之丞?) 1887 1978 Kabuki Fukeonnayaku 1968
Ichikawa Dannosuke VI (六代目市川団之助?) 1876 1963 Kabuki Wakiyaku 1960
Nakamura Matagorō II (二代目中村又五郎?) 1914 2009 Kabuki Wakiyaku 1997
Takemoto Hinatayū V (五代目竹本雛太夫?) 1898 1980 Kabuki Takemoto 1978
Kineya Eizaemon (杵屋栄左衛門?) 1894 1982 Kabuki Nagauta 1978
Yoshimura Gorōji II (二代目芳村五郎治?) 1901 1993 Kabuki Nagauta 1981
Matsushima Jusaburō V (五代目松島寿三郎?) 1920 2007 Kabuki Nagauta 1998
Tanaka Denzaemon XI (十一代目田中伝左衛門?) 1907 1997 Kabuki Hayashi 1978
Mochizuki Bokusei IV (四代目望月朴清?) 1934 2007 Kabuki Hayashi 1998
Nakamura Shikan VII (七代目中村芝翫?) 1928 2011[2] Kabuki Onnagata 1996

Kumi Odori[edit]

Name Born Died Category Subcategory Year Designated
Mitsufumi Shimabukuro (島袋光史?) 1920 2006 Kumi Odori Taiko 2003

Music[edit]

Name Born Died Category Subcategory Year Designated
Kyokusui Yamazaki (山崎旭萃?) 1906 2006 Music Biwa 1995
Judō Nōtomi (納富寿童?) 1895 1976 Music Shakuhachi 1967
Hanzan Shimabara (島原帆山?) 1901 2001 Music Shakuhachi 1977
Gorō Yamaguchi (山口五郎?) 1933 1999 Music Shakuhachi 1992
Eishō Koshino (越野栄松?) 1887 1965 Music Koto 1956
Kinichi Nakanoshima (中能島欣一?) 1904 1984 Music Koto 1966
Kiyoko Miyagi (宮城喜代子?) 1905 1991 Music Koto 1983
Fumiko Yonekawa (米川文子?) 1894 1995 Music Koto 1966
Masaki Uehara (上原真佐喜?) 1903 1996 Music Koto 1970
Toshiko Yonekawa (米川敏子?) 1913 2005 Music Koto 1996
Hiroyuki Nakada (中田博之?) 1912 2000 Music Koto 1990
Shūnshō Tomizaki (富崎春昇?) 1880 1958 Music Jiuta 1955
Seikin Tomiyama (富山清翁?) 1913 2008 Music Jiuta 1969
Hatsuko Kikuhara (菊原初子?) 1899 2001 Music Jiuta 1979
Kunie Fujii (藤井久仁江?) 1930 2006 Music Jiuta 2002
Jikyō Yoshizumi (吉住慈恭?) 1876 1972 Music Nagauta (Vocals) 1956
Ijyūrō Yoshimura VII (七代目芳村伊十郎?) 1901 1973 Music Nagauta (Vocals) 1956
Rokuzaemon Kineya XIV (十四代目杵屋六左衛門?) 1900 1981 Music Nagauta (Vocals) 1974
Kosahara Hiyoshi (日吉小三八?) 1907 1995 Music Nagauta (Vocals) 1974
Satoyo Kineya (杵屋佐登代?) 1911 1997 Music Nagauta (Vocals) 1987
Shōtarō Yamada (山田抄太郎?) 1899 1970 Music Nagauta (Shamisen) 1955
Eiji Kineya (杵屋栄二?) 1894 1979 Music Nagauta (Shamisen) 1964
ChōJūrō Imabushi III (三代目今藤長十郎?) 1915 1984 Music Nagauta (Shamisen) 1984
Ayako Imabushi (今藤綾子?) 1906 2003 Music Nagauta (Shamisen) 1987
Gozaburō Kineya III (三代目杵屋五三郎?) 1918 2013 Music Nagauta (Shamisen) 1989
Sanzaemon Takara IV (四代目宝山左衛門?) 1922 2010 Music Nagauta (Narimono) 1993
Tosahiro Takemoto (竹本土佐広?) 1897 1992 Music Gidayūbushi (Vocals) 1982
Ichihiro Miyako (二代目都一広?) 1879 1970 Music Icchūbushi (Vocals) 1956
Iki Miyako (都一いき?) 1926 1997 Music Icchūbushi (Vocals) 1996
Icchū Miyakodayū XI (十一代目都太夫一中?) 1906 1991 Music Icchūbushi (Shamisen) 1984
Senshi Miyazono IV (四代目宮薗千之?) 1891 1977 Music Miyazonobushi (Vocals) 1960
Senju Miyazono IV (四代目宮薗千寿?) 1899 1985 Music Miyazonobushi (Shamisen) 1972
Sennami Miyazono (宮薗千波?) 1919 2002 Music Miyazonobushi (Shamisen) 1998
Mojiō Tokiwazu (常磐津文字翁?) 1888 1960 Music Tokiwazubushi (Shamisen) 1955
Kikusaburō Tokiwazu (常磐津菊三郎?) 1897 1976 Music Tokiwazubushi (Shamisen) 1966
Shizutayū Kiyomoto (清元志寿太夫?) 1898 1999 Music Kiyomotobushi (Vocals) 1956
Eijurō Kiyomoto (清元栄寿郎?) 1904 1963 Music Kiyomotobushi (Shamisen) 1955
Juhee Kiyomoto II (二代目清元寿兵衛?) 1889 1966 Music Kiyomotobushi (Shamisen) 1956
Eisaburō Kiyomoto (清元栄三郎?) 1927 2002 Music Kiyomotobushi (Shamisen) 1996

Dance[edit]

Name Born Died Category Subcategory Year Designated
Mitsugorō Bandō VII (坂東三津五郎(7代)?) 1882 1961 Dance Kabuki-mai 1955
Shusuke Hanayagi II (花柳寿輔(2代)?) 1893 1970 Dance Kabuki-mai 1960
Kanso Fujima II (藤間勘祖(2代)?) 1900 1990 Dance Kabuki-mai 1960
Fujiko Fujima (藤間藤子?) 1907 1998 Dance Kabuki-mai 1985
Juraku Hanayagi II (花柳壽楽(2代)?) 1918 2007 Dance Kabuki-mai 2002
Taka Yamamura (山村たか?) 1896 1981 Dance Kamigata-mai 1978
Yūki Yoshimura (吉村雄輝?) 1923 1998 Dance Kamigata-mai 1986
Yachiyo Inoue (井上八千代(4代)?) 1905 2004 Dance Kyo-mai 1955

Drama[edit]

Name Born Died Category Subcategory Year Designated
Kosan Yanagiya V (柳家小さん(5代)?) 1915 2002 Drama Classical Rakugo 1995
Rokurō Kitamura (喜多村緑郎?) 1871 1961 Drama Shinpa Onnagata 1955
Shōtarō Hanayagi (花柳章太郎?) 1894 1965 Drama Shinpa Onnagata 1960

List of Designated Groups (Performing Arts)[edit]

Group Name Category Subcategory Year Designated
Imperial Household Agency Court Musicians (宮内庁式部職楽部 Kunaichō Shikibushoku Gakubu?) Gagaku 1955
Japan Noh Association (日本能楽会 Nihon Nōgaku-kai?) Noh 1957
Bunrakuza (人形浄瑠璃文楽座 Ningyō Jōruri Bunrakuza?) Bunraku 1955
Traditional Kabuki Preservation Society (伝統歌舞伎保存会 Dentō Kabuki Hozonkai?) Kabuki 1965
Traditional Kumi Odori Preservation Society (伝統組踊保存会 Dentō Kumi Odori Hozonkai?) Dance Kumi Odori 1972
Ryūkyū-buyō Preservation Society (琉球舞踊保存会 Ryūkyūbuyō Hozonkai?) Dance Ryūkyū-buyō 2009
Gidayūbushi Preservation Society (義太夫節保存会 Gidayūbushi Hozonkai?) Music Gidayūbushi 1980
Tokiwazubushi Preservation Society (常磐津節保存会 Tokiwazubushi Hozonkai?) Music Tokiwazubushi 1981
Icchūbushi Preservation Society (一中節保存会 Icchūbushi Hozonkai?) Music Icchūbushi 1993
Katōbushi Preservation Society (河東節保存会 Katōbushi Hozonkai?) Music Katōbushi 1993
Miyazonobushi Preservation Society (宮薗節保存会 Miyazonobushi Hozonkai?) Music Miyazonobushi 1993
Ogiebushi Preservation Society (荻江節保存会 Ogiebushi Hozonkai?) Music Ogiebushi 1993

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.shinnai.com
  2. ^ "Famed Kabuki female impersonator Shikan dies at 83." Asahi Shimbun. 11 October 2011.
  • Kodansha, Great Japanese Biographical Dictionary (日本人名大辞典?)[1]
  • Ministry of Cultural Affairs National Cultural Properties Database[2]
  • '人間国宝、河東節三味線の山彦千子さんら3人認定へ,' Asahi Shimbun, 17 July 2009 [3]
  • '重要無形文化財の保持者の認定について,' Ministry of Cultural Affairs, 15 July 2011 [4]