List of Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monuments on the Westside
This is a List of Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monuments on the Westside. In total, there are more than 85 Historic-Cultural Monuments (HCM) on the Westside, and a handful of additional sites that have been recognized by the Cultural Heritage Commission for having been designated as California Historical Landmarks or having been listed on the National Register of Historic Places. They are designated by the City's Cultural Heritage Commission.
Overview of the Westside's Historic-Cultural Monuments
As a more recently developed section of the city, the Westside initially lagged behind other parts of the city in the designation of HCMs. In the first 20 years of the Cultural Heritage Commission's existence (August 1962 - August 1982), only three buildings (and three trees or groups of trees) on the Westside were designated as Historic-Cultural Monuments. The three buildings so designated are: (1) Rocha House -- (2) Hangar No. 1 -- the first building constructed at the airfield that later became LAX; and (3) the Ivy Park Substation, an electric generating station for the Pacific Electric Railway located on Venice Boulevard in Palms. Although the city's Westside became a center of wealth and architectural innovation in the mid-20th century, it was not until the 1980s that large numbers of buildings on the Westside began to be recognized as Historic-Cultural Monuments.
Listing of the Historic-Cultural Monuments
|HCM #||Landmark name||Image||Date designated||Locality||Neighborhood||Description|
|13||Rocha House||January 28, 1963||2400 Shenandoah St.
||South Robertson||Residence built in 1865 by Antonio Jose Rocha II on the Rancho Rincon de los Bueyes|
|19||Moreton Bay Fig Tree||May 10, 1963||11000 National Blvd.
||Palms||Australian fig tree planted in 1875 (See also Santa Barbara's Moreton Bay Fig Tree)|
|38||Site of Founders Oak||June 15, 1966||Haverford Ave. between Sunset Blvd. and Antioch St.||Pacific Palisades||Coast live oak that played a significant role in founding of Pacific Palisades; cut down in 1975 due to termite infestation|
|Hangar No. 1 Building||November 16, 1966||5701 W. Imperial Hwy.
||Westchester||The first structure built at Mines Field (now Los Angeles International Airport) in 1929|
|148||Coral Trees (Erythrina Caffra) Between 26th & Bringham||March 3, 1976||San Vicente Blvd.||Brentwood||Coral trees planted along San Vicente Blvd. between 26th St. and Bringham Ave.|
|Ivy Park Substation||February 1, 1978||9009-9031 Venice Blvd.
||Palms||Mission Revival electrical substation built in 1907 to provide power for the Los Angeles Pacific Railway|
|254||Marymount High School (Main Admin. Bldg., Chapel & Auditorium)||September 28, 1982||10643 Sunset Blvd.
||Bel Air||Spanish Colonial style school buildings with Mission elements, designed by Ross Montgomery, dedicated in 1932|
|259||Loyola Theater||December 17, 1982||8610 S. Sepulveda Blvd.
||Westchester||Baroque Moderne style theater designed by Clarence J. Smale, built in 1948; "Its etched glass doors, ticket booth and interior murals are one-of-a-kind," according to the Cultural Heritage Commission.|
|Venice Canal System||July 15, 1983||Venice||Man-made canals built in 1905 by developer Abbot Kinney as part of his plan to recreate the appearance and feel of Venice, Italy in Southern California.|
|276||Pacific Palisades Business Block||April 24, 1984||15300-15318 Sunset Blvd.
||Pacific Palisades||Former Santa Monica Land & Water Co. Bldg.; Spanish Colonial structure built in 1924, designed by Clifton Nourse|
|279||Greenacres (Former Harold Lloyd Estate)||July 24, 1984||101-121 Marymount Pl., 10643-10685 Sunset Blvd.||Bel Air
|Home of silent film star Harold Lloyd from 1927 to 1971, estate originally included a 44-room mansion, golf course, and 900-foot (270 m) canoe run on 15 acres (61,000 m2).|
|318||Holmby House||February 3, 1987||1221–1223 Holmby Ave.
||Westwood||Eclectic Mediterranean style duplex built in late 1920s|
|319||The Grove||March 11, 1987||10669-10683 Santa Monica Blvd.
||Westwood||French Revival cottages in a courtyard setting, designed by Allen Siple|
|320||Landfair Apartments||May 20, 1987||10940-10954 Ophir Dr.
||Westwood||International style apartments built in 1937, designed by Richard Neutra|
|324||The Lindbrook||August 14, 1987||10800-10808 Lindbrook Dr.
||Westwood||Mediterranean courtyard apartments built in 13|
|351||Strathmore Apartments||April 8, 1988||11005–11013 1⁄2 Strathmore Dr.
||Westwood||International style apartments designed by Richard Neutra, built in 1937|
|Bratskeller - Egyptian Theater (Ralphs Grocery Store)||June 21, 1988||1142–1154 Westwood Blvd., 10885-10887 Lindbrook Dr.
||Westwood||Mediterranean building, originally a grocery store, was one of the original buildings in Westwood Village, built in 1929|
|361||Fox Bruin Theater||June 21, 1988||926-950 Broxton Ave.
||Westwood||Movie palace with Streamline Moderne marquee designed by noted architect, S. Charles Lee|
|362||Fox Village Theater||June 21, 1988||945 Broxton Ave.
||Westwood||First movie theater in Westwood Village, built in 1931, designed in Spanish Colonial Revival style by P.P. Lewis|
|363||Gayley Terrace||June 21, 1988||959 Gayley Ave.
||Westwood||Spanish Colonial Revival apartments built in 1940, designed by Laurence B. Clapp|
|364||Janss Investment Company Building||June 21, 1988||1045–1099 Westwood Blvd.
||Westwood||Classical style domed structure built in 1929, dome is a Westwood landmark|
|365||Kelton Apartments||June 21, 1988||644-648 Kelton Ave.
||Westwood||International style apartments built in 1941, designed by Richard Neutra|
|367||Sheats Apartments||June 21, 1988||10919 Strathmore Dr.
||Westwood||Futurist apartment building designed by John Lautner, built in 1949|
|368||Elkay Apartments||June 21, 1988||638-642 Kelton Ave.
||Westwood||International style apartment building designed by Richard Neutra, built in 1948|
|381||The Eames House (Studio and Grounds) (Case Study House #8)||July 15, 1988||203 Chautauqua Blvd.
||Pacific Palisades||Landmark of mid-20th century modern architecture, built in 1949 by design pioneers Charles and Ray (Kaiser) Eames, as their home and studio.|
|387||Gas Station||September 2, 1988||110 S. Barrington Ave.
||Brentwood||Spanish Colonial style gas station built in 1939, designed by Raymond A. Stockdale|
|440||Eastern Star Home (including Front Grounds and Courtyard)||May 16, 1989||11725 Sunset Blvd.
||Brentwood||Spanish Colonial Revival home built in 1931, designed by William Mooser and Co. of San Francisco|
|446||Courtyard Apartment Complex||September 1, 1989||10830 Lindbrook Dr.
||Westwood||Spanish Colonial apartments built in 1936, designed by Frederick Clark|
|447||Courtyard Apartment Complex||September 1, 1989||10836-10840 Lindbrook Dr.
||Westwood||Monterey Revival apartments built in 1935, part of the planned architecture for Westwood Village|
|465||Sycamore Trees||October 27, 1989||Bienvenida Ave.||51 sycamore trees planted in 1926 south of Sunset Blvd. to the cul-de-sac|
|485||Nicolosi Estate||April 6, 1990||414 Saint Pierre Rd.||Bel Air||Mediterranean Revival mansion designed by Paul Williams in 1931, grounds include 300-foot (91 m) serpentine swimming pool|
|490||SA ANGNA||May 1, 1990||4231-4363 S. Lincoln Blvd.||Marina del Rey||Site was a major village and burial ground, c. 1540, of Gabrielino Indians|
|506||Tischler Residence||October 9, 1990||175 Greenfield Ave.
||Westwood||International Modern style house built in 1950, designed by Rudolf Schindler|
|530||John Entenza House (Case Study House)||April 30, 1991||205 Chautanqua Blvd.
||Pacific Palisades||International Modern style home build in 1949, a collaboration between Charles Eames and Eero Saarinen|
|532||Venice Arcades (including Columns and Capitals)||April 23, 1991||67-71 Windward Ave.
||Venice||Built in 1904 as part of Abbot Kinney's "Venice of America"|
|547||Camp Joseph Malibu Lodge||October 2, 1991||3000 Rustic Canyon Rd.
||Pacific Palisades||American Craftsman lodge built in 1941 for the Boy Scouts|
|570||Airport Theme Building||December 18, 1993||201 Center Way
||Westchester||Landmark space-age structure at LAX built in 1961 with intersecting parabolic arches supporting a disc-shaped restaurant pod|
|577||Sturges House||May 25, 1993||441-449 Skyewiay Rd.
||Brentwood||One-story home designed in 1939 by Frank Lloyd Wright, the only "Usonian" Wright structure in Southern California|
|589||Feuchtwanger House - Villa Aurora||February 2, 1994||520 Paseo Miramar
||Pacific Palisades||Spanish Colonial Revival house built in 1928 for Lion Feuchtwanger; housed an enormous library; refuge for talented emigres.|
|594||Bradbury House||April 26, 1994||60-102 Ocean Way||Santa Monica||Spanish Colonial Revival adobe residence built c. 1922 from a design by John Byers|
|595||Venice Division Police Station||April 26, 1994||685 Venice Blvd.
||Venice||Reinforced concrete Art Deco building constructed in 1929, later converted from police station to home of non-profit arts organization SPARC|
|623||Kappe Residence||April 16, 1996||715 Brooktree Rd.
||Pacific Palisades||House designed in 1969 by architect Raymond Kappe as his own residence, modern design built into a heavily treed hillside|
|624||Lawrence and Martha Joseph Residence and Apartments||April 16, 1996||3819-3827 Dunn Dr.
||Palms||Storybook/fantasy style residence, sometimes called "Hobbit Houses"|
|632||Goldenfeld House||February 4, 1997||810 Bramble Way
|633||Haas House||February 4, 1997||12404 Rochedale Lane
|634||Kalmick House||February 4, 1997||12327 Rochedale Lane
|635||Weckler House||February 4, 1997||12434 Rochedale Lane
|637||The Campbell Divertimento Fountain||March 18, 1997||1150 Brooklawn Dr.||Bel Air|
|647||Sten/Frenke-Gould Residence||December 19, 1997||126 Mabery Rd.||Pacific Palisades|
|655||George R. Kress House||September 18, 1998||2337 Benedict Canyon Dr.
|656||Binoculars Building||October 14, 1998||340 Main St.
|663||Uplifters Clubhouse||August 10, 1999||601 Latimer Rd.||Pacific Palisades|
|669||Bailey House - Case Study House#21||November 9, 1999||9038 Wonderland Park Ave.||Bel Air|
|680||Mutual Housing Association Site Office||June 6, 2000||990 Hanley Ave.
|682||Schott House||June 14, 2000||907 N. Hanley Ave.
|685||Pascual Marquez Family Cemetery||October 17, 2000||631 N. San Lorenzo St.||Pacific Palisades|
|693||Israel House||April 24, 2001||914 N. Bluegrass Lane
|694||Emmons House||April 24, 2001||661 N. Brooktree Rd.||Pacific Palisades|
|695||Gross House||April 24, 2001||860 N. Hanley Ave.
|696||Jones & Emmons Building||April 24, 2001||12248 W. Santa Monica Blvd.
||West Los Angeles|
|697||Kermin House||April 24, 2001||900 N. Stonehill Lane
|698||Sherwood House||April 24, 2001||947 N. Stonehill Lane
|703||Chateau Colline||July 31, 2001||10341-10335 W. Wilshire Blvd.
|716||Cliff May Experimental House||June 12, 2002||1831 Old Ranch Rd.|
|720||Arens House||October 1, 2002||12436 Deerbrook Lane
|721||Stoleroff House||October 1, 2002||12367 Deerbrook Lane
|722||Volk House||October 1, 2002||12412 W. Deerbrook Lane
|723||Wurtele House||October 1, 2002||946 Stonehill Lane
|724||Venice of America House||October 2, 2003||1223 Cabrillo Ave.
||Venice||Late Victorian house built in 1906.|
|731||Westwood Village Memorial Park||May 16, 2003||1218 Glendon Ave.
||Westwood||Burial place of many entertainment industry celebrities, including Marilyn Monroe, Merv Griffin, Rodney Dangerfield and Walter Matthau|
|745||Durham House||March 28, 2003||1851 Kelton Ave.
||West Los Angeles|
|746||Pengelly House||March 28, 2003||1845 Kelton Ave.
||West Los Angeles|
|747||Siple House||March 28, 2003||1841 Kelton Ave.
||West Los Angeles||Spanish Colonial Revival design by Allen Siple c. 1930s.|
|749||Venice City Hall||June 3, 2003||681 E. Venice Blvd.
|767||Temple Mishkon Tephilo||206 Main St.
|797||Hamma House||May 4, 2005||12401 W. Deerbrook Lane
||Brentwood||Also known as Mutual Housing Ass'n; part of a model cooperative community built after World War II from 1947 to 1950|
|800||Marquez Filling Station||May 25, 2005||507 Entrada Drive||Pacific Palisades||Gas station built in 1924 and operated continuously until 2004|
|808||Neutra/Maxwell House||July 8, 2005||475 N. Bowling Green Way
||Angelino Heights||First peaked roof house designed by Richard Neutra with triangular glazed gable openings, built in 1941; profoundly influenced American suburban architecture in the 1950s and 1960s; moved to Angelino Heights 2007–08|
|829||James Goldstein Office||December 14, 2005||10100 W. Santa Monica Blvd., Suite 2030
||Century City||Office suite in 26-story highrise, designed by architect John Lautner in 1987|
|834||Gustav R. Rich House||January 25, 2006||689 N. Elkins Rd.
||Brentwood||International style modern home built in 1967|
|862||Miller House||March 7, 2007||12420 West Rochedale Lane
|886||Gould-Lafetra House||August 15, 2007||12256 W. Canna Rd.
||Brentwood||Three-story Modern home designed by Raymond Kappe, built in 1968 |
|887||Barry Building||October 2, 2007||11973 W. San Vicente Blvd.
||Brentwood||Office building designed by Milton Caughey, built in 1951 with the geometry and clean lines favored by European modernism and central courtyard with integrated landscaping and two gracefully curving staircases of concrete|
|893||Castera Residence||October 30, 2007||651 N. Siena Way
||Bel Air||Also known as the Castera-Ward Residence; French Provincial concrete house designed by Paul Revere Williams in 1936; longtime home of actress Jane Wyatt|
|919||UCLAN-Crest Theater||May 14, 2008||1262 South Westwood Blvd.
||Westwood||Art Deco Revival movie theater built in 1940. It was a second-run neighborhood house until 1962, when John Orland, Director of Advertising for Herts Lion International Corp., held the U.S. Premiere of "A Matter of Who," starring Terry Thomas, at the Crest Theater, opening Westwood as a first run venue.|
|926||Kinney-Tabor House||July 9, 2008||1310 South Sixth Ave.||Venice||American Craftsman style structure built in 1906, originally used as the "Cosmos Club", then as a girls' school, and finally as a home|
|927||Sturdevant Bungalow||July 9, 2008||721 East Amoroso Pl.
||Venice||American Craftsman style home built in 1914|
|935||Santa Monica Forestry Station Eucalyptus Grove||October 28, 2008||601 Latimer Rd.||Pacific Palisades||Adjacent to the Rustic Canyon Recreation Center LAHCM #663 Uplifters Clubhouse. Also California Historical Landmark #840.|
|936||Aldersgate / We Boys J.O.C. Lodge||October 28, 2008||925 N. Haverford Ave.
||Pacific Palisades||Mission Revival-Craftsman architecture, built in Wilshire in 1910, moved to Temescal Canyon in 1928.|
|948||Sinay House||March 10, 2009||1861 N. Heather Ct.
||Beverly Crest||International style, 1947, designed by Richard Neutra.|
|955||Dickinson and Gillespie Building||May 20, 2009||200 Culver Blvd.
||Playa del Rey||Spanish Colonial Revival style, built in 1922.|
|970||844 South Plymouth Apartments||January 27, 2010||844 S. Plymouth Blvd.||Wilshire||Streamline Moderne apartment building, built in 1936 in Windsor Village, designed by architects Charles Plummer, Welton Becket and Walter Wurdeman.|
|979||Venice West Café||January 27, 2010||321 S. Ocean Front Walk||Venice||Vernacular commercial, built in 1922 on the Venice Boardwalk, important to the counterculture of the 1960s, with poets such as Allen Ginsberg and Jim Morrison.|
|983||Barsha House||May 12, 2010||302 N. Mesa Rd.||Pacific Palisades||Built 1938, designed by Richard Neutra and P. Pfisterer.|
Non-HCM sites also recognized
The LA HCM sites listed above include many of the most important historic sites in the westside area. Some others within L.A. in the area have been listed on the National Register of Historic Places or designated as California Historical Landmarks. These are:
|Code||Landmark name||Image||Date designated||Locality||Neighborhood||Description|
|1003||Serra Springs||11800 Texas Ave.
||West Los Angeles||Natural springs located on the campus of University High School; called Kuruvungna by the native Tongva people, who used it as natural fresh water source since 400 BCE; it continues to produce 22,000 - 25,000 gallons of water a day|
|1003||Will Rogers Estate Historic Park||14253 Sunset Blvd.
||Pacific Palisades||31-room ranch house; 11 baths; seven fireplaces; surrounded by a stable, corrals, riding ring, roping arena, golf course, polo field ; became a State Park in 1944|
|1003||Warren Wilson Beach House||15 Thirtieth St.
||Venice||Craftsman style house built in 1911; operated over the years as both a residence and a camp|
|2446||Venice Branch Library||610 California Ave.
||Venice||Former branch library; built in 1930|
|Wadsworth Chapel||Eisenhower Ave.
||Sawtelle||Separate Catholic and Protestant chapels built for residents of the soldiers' home; oldest building on Wilshire Blvd.|
|Streetcar Depot, West Los Angeles||Pershing and Dewey Aves.
||Sawtelle||Streetcar depot at the Veterans Affairs Center in West Los Angeles|
|Centinela Adobe||7634 Midfield Ave.
||Westchester||Adobe structure; completed in 1834; "Birthplace of Inglewood"; currently a museum dedicated to Daniel Freeman, founder of Inglewood|
Lists of L.A. Historic-Cultural Monuments
- Historic-Cultural Monuments in Downtown Los Angeles
- Historic-Cultural Monuments on the East and Northeast Sides
- Historic-Cultural Monuments in the Harbor area
- Historic-Cultural Monuments in Hollywood
- Historic-Cultural Monuments in the San Fernando Valley
- Historic-Cultural Monuments in Silver Lake, Angelino Heights, and Echo Park
- Historic-Cultural Monuments in South Los Angeles
- Historic-Cultural Monuments in the Wilshire and Westlake areas
- City of Los Angeles' Historic Preservation Overlay Zones
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Los Angeles
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Los Angeles County
- List of California Historical Landmarks
- HISTORIC-CULTURAL MONUMENT (HCM) REPORT; Area Planning Commission: West Los Angeles, Department of City Planning, City of Los Angeles
- Numbers are as designated by the L.A. Historic-Cultural Monuments program. Blue colors represent higher designations as National Historic Landmarks and listing on the National Register of Historic Places; yellow represents sites that are L.A. Historic-Cultural Monuments without a higher designation. No color represents delisted monuments.
- Department of City Planning. "Designated Historic-Cultural Monuments". City of Los Angeles. Retrieved 2010-06-15. Cite error: Invalid
<ref>tag; name "LAHCM_list" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
- Various sources cited in articles, retrieved on various dates.
- Office of Historic Resources, Newsletter, January 2009.
- Office of Historic Resources, Newsletter, April 2009.
- Office of Historic Resources, Newsletter, July 2009.
- Office of Historic Resources, Newsletter, April 2010.
- Office of Historic Resources, Newsletter, July 2010.
- Numbers in 1000 series denote LAHCM assigned numbers for state-designated sites; 2000 series denote LAHCM assigned numbers for federally designated sites. Blue colors represent higher designations as National Historic Landmarks and/or listing on the National Register of Historic Places; yellow represents sites that are L.A. Historic-Cultural Monuments without a higher designation. No color represents information is unavailable or the monument has been delisted. To resort on this column, refresh your browser.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monuments (citywide).|
- official Designated L.A. Historic-Cultural Monuments (LAHCM) website — with 'ever-updated' LAHCM list via PDF link.
- City of Los Angeles Map, with community districts. — via Given Place Media.
- Big Orange Landmarks: "Exploring the Landmarks of Los Angeles, One Monument at a Time" — online photos and in-depth history of L.A.H.C. Monuments; see “Landmarks by Community Planning Area” Westside links — website curator: Floyd B. Bariscale.