List of Madonna live performances

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Madonna concerts
Madonna in a bejeweled jacket with blond hair in curls around her looking towards her right
Madonna performing during the Rebel Heart Tour (2015–2016). After completion, it grossed $169.8 million, extending Madonna's record as the highest-grossing solo touring artist.
Concert tours 10
One-off concerts 17
Benefit concerts 9
Music festivals 5
Award shows 22

American singer Madonna has performed on ten concert tours, seventeen one-off concerts, nine benefit concerts, five music festivals and twenty-two award shows. Her 1985 debut concert tour, The Virgin Tour, was based in North America only and went on to collect more than US $5 million.[1] In 1987 she performed on the worldwide Who's That Girl World Tour, which visited Europe, North America and Japan. It was critically appreciated for Madonna's showmanship and "exquisite" dresses.[2][3] She embarked on the Blond Ambition World Tour in 1990, which Don Shewey of Rolling Stone called "the best tour of [the year]".[4] The performances featured Madonna simulating masturbation during "Like a Virgin".[5] Officials in Toronto threatened to arrest her unless she removed the masturbation sequence, and in Italy, the Pope called for a boycott.[3] In 1993, Madonna visited Israel and Turkey for the first time, followed by Latin America and Australia, with The Girlie Show World Tour. Madonna opened the show dressed as a whip-cracking dominatrix, surrounded by topless dancers of both sexes.[3] A review in Time by Sam Buckley said: "Madonna, once the Harlow harlot and now a perky harlequin, is the greatest show-off on earth."[6]

Madonna did not tour again until the Drowned World Tour in 2001. She played guitar and her costumes included a punkish tartan kilt and a geisha kimono. Some critics complained that the show concentrated on material from her most recent albums, but generally the response was favorable.[3] She grossed more than US $75 million with summer sold-out shows and eventually played in front of 730,000 people throughout North America and Europe.[7][8] The Drowned World Tour was followed by the 2004 Re-Invention World Tour. Madonna was inspired to create the tour after taking part in an art installation called X-STaTIC PRo=CeSS, directed by photographer Steven Klein.[9] Billboard awarded Madonna the "Backstage Pass Award" in recognition of having the top-grossing tour of the year, with ticket sales of nearly US $125 million.[10]

Madonna's next tours broke world records, with the 2006 Confessions Tour grossing over US $194.7 million,[11] becoming the highest-grossing tour ever for a female artist at that time.[12] This feat was surpassed in 2008 with the Sticky & Sweet Tour, which went on to become the highest-grossing tour ever by a solo artist, and the second highest-grossing tour of all time, with approximately US $408 million in ticket sales.[13] In 2012, The MDNA Tour became the second highest-grossing tour among female artists, only behind the Sticky & Sweet Tour, grossing over US $305 million.[14] Her 2015–16 Rebel Heart Tour was an all-arena tour which grossed $169.8 million from 1.045 million attendance.[15]

Madonna has embarked on four promotional tours for the release of her studio albums Music (2000), American Life (2003), Confessions on a Dance Floor (2005) and Hard Candy (2008). She appeared at charity concerts like Live Aid (1985), Live 8 (2005) and Live Earth (2007), and headlined the Super Bowl XLVI halftime show in 2012, which at that time was the most-watched halftime show in history. Madonna remains the highest-grossing solo touring artist of all time, with over $1.4 billion earned from her concert tours throughout her career.[16] As of 2016, Billboard Boxscore ranked her as the third highest-grossing touring act of all time, with over $1.31 billion in concert gross since 1990, behind only The Rolling Stones ($1.84 billion) and U2 ($1.67 billion).[15] Madonna also remains the only woman in history with two solo concerts attended by 100,000 people; her Who's That Girl World Tour's concert in Parc de Sceaux, Paris, drew over 130,000 audience, whereas her Girlie Show World Tour's concert in Maracanã Stadium, Rio de Janeiro, drew over 120,000 audience.[17][18] During the London stop of her 2006 Confessions Tour, Madonna became the first performer to be inducted into the Wembley Arena Square of Fame.[19]

Concert tours[edit]

Title Date Associated album(s) Continent(s) Shows Gross Attendance Ref.
The Virgin Tour April 10, 1985 – June 11, 1985 Madonna
Like a Virgin
North America 40 $5,000,000 N/A [1]
[20]
The Virgin Tour setlist
Who's That Girl World Tour June 14, 1987 – September 6, 1987 True Blue
Who's That Girl
Asia
North America
Europe
38 $25,000,000 N/A [21]
[22]
Blond Ambition World Tour April 13, 1990 – August 5, 1990 Like a Prayer
I'm Breathless
Asia
North America
Europe
57 $62,700,000 N/A [4]
[23]
Blond Ambition World Tour setlist
  1. "Express Yourself" (contains excerpts from "Everybody")
  2. "Open Your Heart"
  3. "Causing a Commotion"
  4. "Where's The Party"
  5. "Like a Virgin"
  6. "Like a Prayer" (contains excerpts from "Act of Contrition")
  7. "Live to Tell" / "Oh Father"
  8. "Papa Don't Preach"
  9. "Sooner or Later"
  10. "Hanky Panky"
  11. "Now I'm Following You"
  12. "Material Girl"
  13. "Cherish"
  14. "Into the Groove" (contains elements of "Ain't Nobody Better")
  15. "Vogue"
  16. "Holiday" (contains elements of "Do the Bus Stop")
  17. "Keep It Together" (contains excerpts from "Family Affair")
The Girlie Show World Tour September 25, 1993 – December 19, 1993 Erotica Europe
North America
South America
Asia
Oceania
39 $70,000,000 N/A [24]
[25]
The Girlie Show World Tour setlist
  1. "The Girlie Show Theme" (Fanfare Introduction)
  2. "Erotica"
  3. "Fever" (Edit One mix)
  4. "Vogue"
  5. "Rain" (contains excerpts from "Just My Imagination" and elements of "Singin' in the Rain")
  6. "Express Yourself"
  7. "Deeper and Deeper" (contains excerpts from "It Takes Two" and "Love to Love You Baby")
  8. "Why's It So Hard"
  9. "In This Life"
  10. "The Beast Within" (Dancers' Interlude)
  11. "Like a Virgin" (contains excerpts from "Falling In Love Again")
  12. "Bye Bye Baby"
  13. "I'm Going Bananas"
  14. "La Isla Bonita"
  15. "Holiday" (contains excerpts from "Holiday for Calliope")
  16. "Justify My Love"
  17. "Everybody Is a Star" / "Everybody" (contains elements of "Dance to the Music", and "After the Dance")
Drowned World Tour June 9, 2001 – September 15, 2001 Ray of Light
Music
Europe
North America
47 $75,000,000 732,606 [26]
[27]
Drowned World Tour setlist
  1. "Drowned World/Substitute for Love" (contains elements of "Music", "Human Nature" "Ray of Light" and "Impressive Instant")
  2. "Impressive Instant"
  3. "Candy Perfume Girl"
  4. "Beautiful Stranger" (contains elements of "Soul Bossa Nova (Dim's Space-A-Nova)")
  5. "Ray of Light" (ends with a reprise of "Drowned World/Substitute For Love")
  6. "Paradise (Not for Me)" (Video Interlude)
  7. "Frozen" (Stereo MC's Remix)
  8. "Open Your Heart Swell"
  9. "Nobody's Perfect"
  10. "Mer Girl" (Part I)/"Sky Fits Heaven"/"Mer Girl" (Part II)
  11. "What It Feels Like for a Girl" (Remix) (Video Interlude)
  12. "I Deserve It"
  13. "Don't Tell Me"
  14. "Human Nature"
  15. "The Funny Song"
  16. "Secret"
  17. "Gone"
  18. "Don't Cry for Me Argentina" (Instrumental Interlude)
  19. "Lo Que Siente La Mujer" (Spanish Version of "What It Feels Like for a Girl")
  20. "La Isla Bonita"
  21. "Holiday" (contains elements from "Fate" and "Music Sounds Better with You")
  22. "Music" (contains elements from "Trans-Europe Express")
Re-Invention World Tour May 24, 2004 – September 14, 2004 American Life Europe
North America
56 $124,790,787 896,787 [28]
[29]
Re-Invention World Tour setlist
  1. "The Beast Within" (Intro) (contains elements of "El Yom 'Ulliqa 'Ala Khashaba")
  2. "Vogue"
  3. "Nobody Knows Me"
  4. "Frozen"
  5. "American Life" (contains elements of "American Life" (Headcleanr Rock Mix))
  6. "Express Yourself"
  7. "Burning Up"
  8. "Material Girl"
  9. "Hollywood" (Remix) (Interlude)
  10. "Hanky Panky"
  11. "Deeper and Deeper"
  12. "Die Another Day"
  13. "Lament"
  14. "Bedtime Story" (Orbital Mix) (Interlude)
  15. "Nothing Fails"
  16. "Don't Tell Me" (contains elements of "Bitter Sweet Symphony")
  17. "Like a Prayer"
  18. "Mother and Father" (contains excerpts from "Intervention")
  19. "Imagine"
  20. "Susan McLeod" (Interlude)
  21. "Into the Groove" (contains elements of "Susan McLeod" and "Into the Hollywood Groove")
  22. "Papa Don't Preach" (contains excerpts from "American Life")
  23. "Crazy for You"
  24. "Music" (contains elements from "Into the Groove")
  25. "Holiday" (contains elements of "She Wants to Move" and "Physical Attraction")
Confessions Tour May 21, 2006 – September 21, 2006 Confessions on a Dance Floor Europe
North America
Asia
60 $194,754,447 1,209,593 [30]
[31]
Confessions Tour setlist
  1. "Future Lovers / I Feel Love"
  2. "Get Together"
  3. "Like a Virgin"
  4. "Jump"
  5. "Confessions" (Dancers Interlude) (contains elements from "Live to Tell")
  6. "Live to Tell"
  7. "Forbidden Love"
  8. "Isaac"
  9. "Sorry" (contains elements from "Sorry" (Pet Shop Boys Remix))
  10. "Like It or Not"
  11. "Sorry" (Remix) (Video Interlude)
  12. "I Love New York"
  13. "Ray of Light"
  14. "Let It Will Be" (Paper Faces Remix)
  15. "Drowned World/Substitute for Love"
  16. "Paradise (Not for Me)"
  17. "The Duke Mixes the Hits" (Video Interlude) (contains excerpts from "Borderline", "Erotica", "Dress You Up", "Holiday" and "Disco Inferno")
  18. "Music Inferno" (contains elements from "Disco Inferno", with excerpts from "Where's the Party")
  19. "Erotica" (contains excerpts from "You Thrill Me")
  20. "La Isla Bonita"
  21. "Lucky Star" (contains elements from "Gimme! Gimme! Gimme! (A Man After Midnight)" and excerpts from "Hung Up")
  22. "Hung Up" (contains elements from "Lucky Star")
Sticky & Sweet Tour August 23, 2008 – September 2, 2009 Hard Candy Europe
North America
South America
Asia
85 $407,713,266 3,545,899 [13]
Sticky & Sweet Tour setlist[a]
  1. "The Sweet Machine" (Video Introduction) (contains elements from "Manipulated Living", "4 Minutes", "Human Nature" and "Give It 2 Me")
  2. "Candy Shop" (contains elements of "4 Minutes" and "Beat Goes On")
  3. "Beat Goes On" (contains elements of "And the Beat Goes On")
  4. "Human Nature" (contains excerpts from "Gimme More" and elements of "What You Need")
  5. "Vogue" (contains elements of "4 Minutes" and "Give It To Me")
  6. "Die Another Day" (Remix) (Video Interlude) (contains excerpts from "Planet Rock: The Album" and elements of "Do You Wanna Get Funky", "Planet Rock" and "Looking for the Perfect Beat")
  7. "Into the Groove" (contains elements of "Back in the Day", "Toop Toop", "Body Work", "Jump", "Apache", "It's like That" and "Double Dutch Bus")
  8. "Heartbeat"
  9. "Borderline"
  10. "She's Not Me"
  11. "Music" (contains elements of "Put Your Hands Up 4 Detroit", and excerpts from "Last Night a DJ Saved My Life" and "Heartbeat")
  12. "Rain" (Remix) (Video Interlude) (contains elements of "Here Comes the Rain Again" and "4 Minutes")
  13. "Devil Wouldn't Recognize You"
  14. "Spanish Lesson"
  15. "Miles Away"
  16. "La Isla Bonita" (contains excerpts from "Lela Pala Tute")
  17. "Doli Doli" (Kolpakov Trio Solo) (Dance Interlude) (contains elements of "Me Darava")
  18. "You Must Love Me"
  19. "Get Stupid" (Video Interlude) (contains excerpts from "Beat Goes On", "Give It 2 Me", "4 Minutes" and "Voices")
  20. "4 Minutes"
  21. "Like a Prayer" (contains elements of "Feels Like Home")
  22. "Ray of Light"
  23. "Hung Up" (contains elements of "A New Level" and "4 Minutes")
  24. "Give It 2 Me" (contains elements of "Fired Up!" (Club 69 Mix) and "Give It 2 Me" (Jody Den Broeder Remix))
The MDNA Tour May 31, 2012 – December 22, 2012 MDNA Asia
Europe
North America
South America
88 $305,158,362 2,212,345 [33]
[34]
The MDNA Tour setlist
  1. "Virgin Mary" (Intro) (contains elements from Psalm 91 and "Birjina Gaztetto Bat Zegoen")
  2. "Girl Gone Wild" (contains elements from "Material Girl", "Give It 2 Me" and "Girl Gone Wild" (Offer Nissim Remix))
  3. "Revolver"
  4. "Gang Bang"
  5. "Papa Don't Preach"
  6. "Hung Up" (contains elements of "Girl Gone Wild" and "Sorry")
  7. "I Don't Give A"
  8. "Best Friend" (Video Interlude) (contains elements from "Heartbeat")
  9. "Express Yourself" (contains elements from "Born This Way" and "She's Not Me")
  10. "Give Me All Your Luvin'" (Just Blaze Remix)
  11. "Radio Dial Static Medley" (Video Interlude) (contains excerpts from "Holiday", "Into the Groove", "Lucky Star", "Like a Virgin", "4 Minutes", "Ray of Light", and "Music")
  12. "Turn Up the Radio" (contains elements from "Turn Up the Radio" (Leo Zero Remix))
  13. "Open Your Heart" (contains excerpts from "Sagarra Jo")
  14. "Masterpiece"
  15. "Justify My Love" (Video Interlude)
  16. "Vogue"
  17. "Erotic Candy Shop" (contains elements from "Candy Shop", "Ashamed of Myself", and "Erotica")
  18. "Human Nature"
  19. "Like a Virgin Waltz" (contains elements from "Like a Virgin" and "Evgeni's Waltz")
  20. "Love Spent" (contains elements of "Love Spent" (Acoustic version) and "Evgeni's Waltz")
  21. "Nobody Knows Me" (Video Interlude)
  22. "I'm Addicted"
  23. "I'm a Sinner" (contains elements from "Cyber-Raga")
  24. "Like a Prayer" (contains elements from "De Treville-n Azken Hitzak")
  25. "Celebration" (Benny Benassi Remix) (contains elements from "Girl Gone Wild" and "Give It 2 Me")
Rebel Heart Tour September 9, 2015 – March 20, 2016 Rebel Heart North America
Europe
Asia
Oceania
82 $169,804,336 1,045,479 [15]
Rebel Heart Tour setlist[b]
  1. "Video Introduction" (contains elements of "Iconic")
  2. "Iconic"
  3. "Bitch I'm Madonna"
  4. "Burning Up"
  5. "Holy Water" (contains excerpts from "Vogue")
  6. "Devil Pray"
  7. "Messiah" (video interlude)
  8. "Body Shop"
  9. "True Blue"
  10. "Deeper and Deeper"
  11. "HeartBreakCity" (contains excerpts from "Love Don't Live Here Anymore")
  12. "Like a Virgin" (contains elements of "Heartbeat" and "Erotica")
  13. "S.E.X." (video interlude) (contains elements of "Justify My Love")
  14. "Living for Love"
  15. "La Isla Bonita"
  16. "Dress You Up" / "Into the Groove" / "Lucky Star" / "Dress You Up" (Reprise)
  17. "Who's That Girl"
  18. "Rebel Heart"
  19. "Illuminati" (video interlude)
  20. "Music" (contains elements of "Give It 2 Me")
  21. "Candy Shop"
  22. "Material Girl"
  23. "La Vie en rose"
  24. "Unapologetic Bitch"
  25. "Holiday" (contains elements of "Take Me to the Mardi Gras")

One-off concerts[edit]

Date Event City Performed song(s)
October 13, 1983 Madonna promotional show
(Camden Palace)
London
February 14, 1998 Ray of Light promotional show
(Roxy NYC)
New York City
November 5, 2000 Music promotional show
(Roseland Ballroom)
New York City
November 29, 2000 Music promotional show
(Brixton Academy)
London
  • "Impressive Instant"
  • "Runaway Lover"
  • "Don't Tell Me"
  • "What It Feels Like for a Girl"
  • "Holiday"
  • "Music"[39]
April 22, 2003 Madonna: On Stage and on the Record
(MTV Studios)
New York City
April 23, 2003 American Life promotional show
(Tower Records)
New York City
  • "American Life"
  • "X-Static Process"
  • "Mother and Father"
  • "Hollywood"
  • "Like a Virgin"
  • "American Life"[41]
April 30, 2003 Absolut Madonna
(RTL Studio)
Cologne
  • "American Life"
  • "Hollywood"
  • "Music"[42]
May 9, 2003 American Life promotional show
(HMV Oxford Circus)
London
  • "American Life"
  • "Hollywood"
  • "Nothing Fails"
  • "X-Static Process"
  • "Mother and Father"
  • "Like a Prayer"
  • "Don't Tell Me"[43]
November 15, 2005 Confessions on a Dance Floor promotional show
(KOKO)
London
November 19, 2005 Confessions on a Dance Floor promotional show
(G-A-Y)
London
  • "Hung Up"
  • "Get Together"
  • "I Love New York"
  • "Let It Will Be"
  • "Everybody"
  • "Jump"[45]
December 7, 2005 Confessions on a Dance Floor promotional show
(Studio Coast)
Tokyo
  • "Hung Up"
  • "Get Together"
  • "I Love New York"
  • "Let It Will Be"
  • "Everybody"[46]
April 30, 2008 Hard Candy promotional show
(Roseland Ballroom)
New York City
May 6, 2008 Hard Candy promotional show
(Olympia)
Paris
  • "Candy Shop"
  • "Miles Away"
  • "4 Minutes"
  • "Hung Up"
  • "Give It 2 Me"
  • "Music"[48]
February 2, 2012 Super Bowl XLVI halftime show
(Lucas Oil Stadium)
Indianapolis
March 10, 2016 Madonna: Tears of a Clown
(Forum Theatre)
Melbourne
November 7, 2016 Hillary Clinton campaign concert
(Washington Square Park)
New York City
May 7, 2018 Met Gala
(Metropolitan Museum of Art)
New York City

Benefit concerts[edit]

Date Event City Performed song(s)
July 13, 1985 Live Aid Philadelphia
April 27, 1998 Rock for the Rainforest New York City
January 16, 2005 Tsunami Aid New York City "Imagine"[55]
July 2, 2005 Live 8 London
November 18, 2005 Children in Need 2005 London
July 7, 2007 Live Earth London
January 22, 2010 Hope for Haiti Now New York "Like a Prayer"[59]
December 2, 2016 Madonna: Tears of a Clown
(Raising Malawi Gala)
Miami
July 26, 2017 Leonardo DiCaprio Foundation Gala Saint-Tropez

Music festivals[edit]

Date Event City Performed song(s)
February 22, 1995 Sanremo Music Festival Sanremo "Take a Bow" (with Babyface)[62]
February 24, 1998 Sanremo Music Festival Sanremo "Frozen"[63]
April 30, 2006 Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival Indio
May 10, 2008 BBC Radio 1's Big Weekend Maidstone
April 12, 2015 Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival Indio

Award shows[edit]

Date Event City Performed song(s)
September 14, 1984 MTV Video Music Awards New York City "Like a Virgin"[67]
September 6, 1989 MTV Video Music Awards Los Angeles "Express Yourself"[68]
September 6, 1990 MTV Video Music Awards Los Angeles "Vogue"[69]
March 25, 1991 Academy Awards Los Angeles "Sooner or Later"[70]
September 2, 1993 MTV Video Music Awards Los Angeles "Bye Bye Baby"[68]
January 30, 1995 American Music Awards Los Angeles "Take a Bow" (with Babyface)[71]
February 20, 1995 Brit Awards London "Bedtime Story"[72]
March 27, 1997 Academy Awards Los Angeles "You Must Love Me"[73]
September 10, 1998 MTV Video Music Awards Los Angeles
October 23, 1998 VH1 Fashion Awards New York City "The Power of Good-Bye"[75][76]
November 12, 1998 MTV Europe Music Awards Milan "The Power of Good-Bye"[74]
February 24, 1999 Grammy Awards Los Angeles "Nothing Really Matters"[77]
November 16, 2000 MTV Europe Music Awards Stockholm "Music"[78]
February 21, 2001 Grammy Awards Los Angeles "Music"[79]
August 28, 2003 MTV Video Music Awards New York City "Like a Virgin"/"Hollywood"/"Work It" (with Britney Spears, Christina Aguilera and Missy Elliott)[80]
November 4, 2005 MTV Europe Music Awards Lisbon "Hung Up"[81]
February 8, 2006 Grammy Awards Los Angeles "Hung Up" (with Gorillaz)[82]
January 26, 2014 Grammy Awards Los Angeles "Open Your Heart"/"Same Love" (with Macklemore & Ryan Lewis and Mary Lambert)[83]
February 8, 2015 Grammy Awards Los Angeles "Living for Love"[84]
February 25, 2015 Brit Awards London "Living for Love"[85]
March 29, 2015 iHeart Radio Music Awards Los Angeles "Ghosttown" (with Taylor Swift)[86]
May 23, 2016 Billboard Music Awards Las Vegas

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ This setlist represents shows during the 2008 leg of the tour.[32]
  2. ^ This setlist was obtained from the concert of December 1, 2015 held at The O2 Arena in London. It does not represent all shows throughout the tour.[35]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b Sherman, Heidi (July 7, 2001). "Madonna 'The Virgin Tour' 1985". Spin. Spin Media LLC. 17 (7). ISSN 0886-3032. Retrieved May 12, 2010. 
  2. ^ Voller 1999, p. 20
  3. ^ a b c d Young, Neil (May 24, 2004). "Show-stealer Madonna on tour". BBC. BBC. Retrieved May 13, 2010. 
  4. ^ a b Voller 1999, p. 32
  5. ^ Clerk 2002, p. 49
  6. ^ Taraborrelli 2002, p. 230
  7. ^ Reporter, BBC (September 21, 2006). "Madonna world tour 'sets record'". BBC. BBC Online. Retrieved May 8, 2010. 
  8. ^ Cross 2007, p. 90
  9. ^ Timmerman 2007, p. 23
  10. ^ "Madonna Tour Gets Top 'Backstage Pass' Honor". Billboard. November 5, 2004. Retrieved July 13, 2008. 
  11. ^ Young, Tom (February 21, 2007). "Madonna, The Confessions Tour". BBC. Retrieved July 13, 2008. 
  12. ^ Waddell, Ray (September 20, 2006). "Madonna's 'Confessions' Tour Sets Record". Billboard. Retrieved July 13, 2008. 
  13. ^ a b Reporter, Associated (September 2, 2009). "Madonna 'Takes a Bow' as Final Show of Record-Smashing 'Sticky & Sweet' Tour Ends..." Reuters. Archived from the original on January 10, 2010. Retrieved May 13, 2010. 
  14. ^ Waddell, Ray (January 23, 2013). "Madonna's 'MDNA' Tour Makes Billboard Boxscore's All-Time Top 10". Billboard. Retrieved February 23, 2013. 
  15. ^ a b c Allen, Bob (March 24, 2016). "Madonna Extends Record as Highest-Grossing Solo Touring Artist: $1.31 Billion Earned". Billboard. Retrieved March 24, 2016. 
  16. ^ Greenburg, Zack O'Malley (June 1, 2016). "America's Wealthiest Female Musicians 2016". Forbes. Retrieved September 18, 2017. 
  17. ^ Bassets, Lluís (August 31, 1987). "Madonna convocó en París a 130.000 personas". El País (in Spanish). Madrid: Jesús de Polanco. Retrieved May 4, 2009. 
  18. ^ "Madonna Concert Draws 120,000". The Buffalo News. November 8, 1993. Archived from the original on November 29, 2017. Retrieved November 29, 2017. 
  19. ^ "Madonna gets first Wembley honour". BBC News (BBC). August 2, 2006. Retrieved December 7, 2010. 
  20. ^ "Madonna.com > Tours > The Virgin Tour". Icon: The Official Madonna website. Archived from the original on January 2, 2010. Retrieved July 2, 2010. 
  21. ^ Taraborrelli 2002, p. 126
  22. ^ Bego 2000, p. 190
  23. ^ "Madonna.com > Tours: Blond Ambition Tour". Icon: The Official Madonna website. Archived from the original on January 2, 2010. Retrieved June 22, 2014. 
  24. ^ Hadden, Brian (September 10, 1993). "Madonna: She's back again". Time. New York. 142 (24). ISSN 0040-781X. Retrieved May 12, 2010. 
  25. ^ "Madonna.com > Tours > The Girlie Show". Icon: The Official Madonna website. Archived from the original on January 2, 2010. Retrieved September 18, 2011. 
  26. ^ Caulfield, Keith (December 29, 2001). "The Year in Touring". Billboard. New York City. 113 (52): 44. ISSN 0006-2510. 
  27. ^ Drowned World Tour 2001 (DVD). Madonna. Santa Monica: Warner Music Vision. 2001. p. 13. 7599-38558-2. 
  28. ^ Silverman, Stephen M. (June 1, 2004). "Madonna Boasts Top-Grossing Show of Year". People. Retrieved October 30, 2009. 
  29. ^ Timmerman 2007, p. 27
  30. ^ Waddell, Ray (September 20, 2006). "Madonna's 'Confessions' Tour Sets Record". Billboard. Retrieved July 13, 2008. 
  31. ^ "Track list: Madonna's Confessions Tour". Rolling Stone. June 1, 2006. Archived from the original on June 22, 2008. Retrieved October 16, 2009. 
  32. ^ Ganz, Caryn (October 7, 2008). "Madonna's Sticky & Sweet Tour Rolls Into New York With Reworked Hits, Virtual Britney". Rolling Stone. Retrieved November 6, 2009. 
  33. ^ "Top 25 Tours of 2012". Billboard. January 3, 2013. Retrieved June 6, 2013. 
  34. ^ "MDNA World Tour To Be Released In Multiple Formats September 10th". Madonna.com. August 8, 2013. Retrieved August 12, 2013. 
  35. ^ Savage, Mark (December 2, 2015). "Madonna returns to scene of Brits fall". BBC. Archived from the original on December 5, 2015. Retrieved December 4, 2015. 
  36. ^ Robin Denselow, Bart Mills (October 15, 2009). "From the archive: Madonna at Camden Palace". The Guardian. Retrieved February 9, 2014. 
  37. ^ Vineyard, Jennifer (February 16, 1998). "Madonna Lights Up New York's Roxy". MTV News. Viacom. Retrieved February 9, 2014. 
  38. ^ Aquilante, Dan (November 6, 2000). "It'S Free-Dom For All As Madonna Plays Roseland". New York Post. Retrieved February 9, 2014. 
  39. ^ Sawyer, Miranda (December 3, 2000). "Madonna gets them in". The Guardian. Retrieved February 9, 2014. 
  40. ^ "Madonna: On Stage and On the Record". On the Record. Season 5. New York City. April 22, 2003. MTV. 
  41. ^ Christman, Ed (May 10, 2003). "Retail Track: Madonna Makes Music". Billboard. 115 (19): 45. Retrieved February 9, 2014. 
  42. ^ Wellershoff, Von Marianne (May 4, 2003). "RTL und der Weltsuperstar: Schülerzeitung meets Madonna". Der Spiegel (in German). Retrieved February 9, 2014. 
  43. ^ Davies, Hugh (May 10, 2003). "HMV? More like a Virgin". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved February 9, 2014. 
  44. ^ Hand, John (November 16, 2005). "Entertainment | Madonna's intimate night with her fans". BBC News. Retrieved February 9, 2014. 
  45. ^ "News > Madonna performs live from the G-A-Y Astoria in London". Madonna.com. Retrieved February 9, 2014. 
  46. ^ "News > Madonna performs live from the Studio Coast club in Tokyo". Madonna.com. Retrieved February 9, 2014. 
  47. ^ Harris, Chris (May 1, 2008). "Madonna — With Special Guest Justin Timberlake – Rips Through A Furiously Paced Set In NYC". MTV News. Viacom. Retrieved February 9, 2014. 
  48. ^ "Madonna loves to 'french the French'". The Sydney Morning Herald. May 7, 2008. Retrieved February 9, 2014. 
  49. ^ Vena, Jocelyn (February 5, 2012). "Madonna Gives High Energy Super Bowl Halftime Show". MTV News. Retrieved August 28, 2014. 
  50. ^ Brandle, Lars (March 3, 2016). "Madonna Announces Intimate Music, Art and Comedy Club Show for Australian Fans". Billboard. Retrieved March 3, 2016. 
  51. ^ "Madonna Performs Surprise Concert for Clinton in NYC Park". WNBC. November 7, 2016. Retrieved November 8, 2016. 
  52. ^ Park, Andrea (May 8, 2018). "Met Gala 2018: Madonna Performs "Like a Prayer"". W Magazine. Retrieved May 8, 2018. 
  53. ^ Morton 2002, p. 332
  54. ^ Pareles, Jon (April 29, 1998). "POP REVIEW; Meet the Beatles Again, And Their Musical Fans". The New York Times. Retrieved December 8, 2012. 
  55. ^ Reporter, Press (January 18, 2005). "Stars lend a hand". MSNBC. Retrieved May 13, 2010. 
  56. ^ "Madonna: The Live 8 Event". BBC News. July 2, 2006. Retrieved May 13, 2010. 
  57. ^ "£17m raised by BBC Children in Need so far". BBC News. November 19, 2005. Retrieved August 28, 2014. 
  58. ^ Sutherland, Mark (July 7, 2007). "Live Earth London Wraps With Madonna Spectacular". Billboard. Retrieved August 28, 2014. 
  59. ^ Johnston, Maura (January 22, 2010). "Madonna Brings Classic 'Like A Prayer' To 'Hope For Haiti Now' Telethon". MTV News. Retrieved May 13, 2010. 
  60. ^ "Madonna raises $7.5M for Malawi, slams Trump in Miami show". CNBC. December 2, 2016. Retrieved December 3, 2016. 
  61. ^ Gardner, Chris (July 27, 2017). "Madonna Makes Surprise Appearance at Leonardo DiCaprio's St. Tropez Fundraiser". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved July 27, 2017. 
  62. ^ "Madonna and Babyface perform 'Take A Bow' at the San Remo Festival". Madonna.com. February 2, 1995. Retrieved April 14, 2016. 
  63. ^ "Madonna performs at the San Remo Music Festival". Madonna.com. January 24, 1998. Retrieved June 30, 2013. 
  64. ^ "Coachella Day Two: Madonna Makes It Quick, Gnarls Goes 'Crazy'". Billboard. October 9, 2005. Retrieved February 9, 2014. 
  65. ^ "Madonna reworks hits at Radio 1's Big Weekend". NME. May 11, 2008. Retrieved February 9, 2014. 
  66. ^ Horowitz, Steven J. (April 13, 2015). "Drake Sucks Face with Madonna During Hit-and-Miss Coachella Set". Billboard. Retrieved May 14, 2015. 
  67. ^ Batchelor & Stoddart 2007, p. 112
  68. ^ a b Morton 2002, p. 334
  69. ^ Taraborrelli 2002, p. 118
  70. ^ Bego 2000, p. 264
  71. ^ Bego 2000, p. 294
  72. ^ Rooksby 2004, p. 65
  73. ^ Guilbert 2002, p. 93
  74. ^ a b Flick, Larry (December 5, 1998). "Maverick's Madonna to 'Light' Up Awards Show". Billboard. 110 (49). ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved May 12, 2010. 
  75. ^ Aldridge, Kristen (August 13, 2013). "Madonna's Best Performance Looks of All-time". Shape. Archived from the original on July 1, 2015. Retrieved November 25, 2016. 
  76. ^ "Madonna Biography". Musicomania.com. Retrieved October 6, 2016. 
  77. ^ Fouz-Hernández & Jarman-Ivens 2004, p. 111
  78. ^ "Madonna's MTV triumph". BBC. November 17, 2000. Retrieved March 31, 2016. 
  79. ^ Morton 2002, p. 337
  80. ^ Moss, Corey (August 28, 2003). "Madonna Smooches With Britney And Christina". MTV News. Retrieved May 13, 2010. 
  81. ^ "Madonna rocks Lisbon at MTV awards". Los Angeles Times. November 5, 2005. Retrieved June 16, 2010. 
  82. ^ Kauffman, Gil (February 1, 2006). "Madonna's Oddest Collab Yet: Singer To Perform At Grammys With Gorillaz". MTV News. Retrieved May 13, 2010. 
  83. ^ Franich, Darren (January 26, 2014). "Grammys: Macklemore & Ryan Lewis performance features 33 marriages, Madonna". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved January 29, 2014. 
  84. ^ Caulfield, Keith (January 13, 2015). "Madonna Will Perform at 2015 Grammy Awards". Billboard. Retrieved January 13, 2015. 
  85. ^ Stern, Bradley (January 20, 2015). "Madonna Is Rumored To Be Performing At The 2015 Brit Awards". Idolator. Retrieved January 21, 2015. 
  86. ^ Kreps, Daniel (March 9, 2015). "Madonna, Rihanna, Sam Smith to perform at iHeart Radio Awards". Rolling Stone. Retrieved March 9, 2015. 
  87. ^ Palazzo, Chiara (May 23, 2016). "Madonna joined by Stevie Wonder as she pays tribute to Prince at the 2016 Billboard Awards". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved May 23, 2016. 

Book sources[edit]

External links[edit]