List of Major League Baseball record holders

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In Major League Baseball (MLB), records play an integral part in evaluating a player's impact on the sport. Holding a career record almost guarantees a player eventual entry into the Baseball Hall of Fame because it represents both longevity and consistency over a long period of time.

Batting records (1876–present)[edit]

In 1994, San Diego Padres right fielder Tony Gwynn set the modern record for highest single-season batting average, hitting .394 with 64 RBIs and 12 home runs.

Career[edit]

Babe Ruth (left) holds the record for highest slugging percentage, OPS and runs created, while Ty Cobb (right) holds the records for highest batting average and most steals of home.
Barry Bonds holds the most hitting records with ten, most notably the career home run and single-season home run records.
Ichiro Suzuki collected 262 hits in 2004, breaking George Sisler's 84-year-old record for most hits in a season.
Record Player # Refs
Highest batting average Ty Cobb .366
Most singles Pete Rose 3,215 [1]
Most doubles Tris Speaker 792 [2]
Most triples Sam Crawford 309 [3]
Most home runs Barry Bonds 762 [4]
Most grand slams Alex Rodriguez 25
Most home runs by a pitcher Wes Ferrell 38
Most grand slams by a pitcher Madison Bumgarner 3
Oldest player to hit first home run Bartolo Colón 42.9 yr old [5]
Most runs batted in Hank Aaron 2,297 [6]
Most hits Pete Rose 4,256 [7]
Most runs scored Rickey Henderson 2,295 [8]
Highest on-base percentage Ted Williams .482 [9]
Most stolen bases Rickey Henderson 1,406 [10]
Most steals of home Ty Cobb 54
Highest slugging percentage Babe Ruth .690 [11]
Highest OPS Babe Ruth 1.164 [12]
Most walks Barry Bonds 2,558 [13]
Most intentional walks Barry Bonds 688 [14]
Most strikeouts Reggie Jackson 2,597 [15]
Most at-bats Pete Rose 14,555 [16]
Most total bases Hank Aaron 6,856 [17]
Most runs created Barry Bonds 2,892 [18]
Most games played Pete Rose 3,562 [19]

Single-Season[edit]

Refs
Games Maury Wills 165 1962
Highest batting average Hugh Duffy .440 1894 [20]
Most doubles Earl Webb 67 1931 [21]
Most triples Chief Wilson 36 1912 [22]
Most home runs Barry Bonds 73 2001
Most runs batted in Hack Wilson 191 1930 [23]
Most hits Ichiro Suzuki 262 2004 [24]
Most runs scored Billy Hamilton 192 1894 [25]
Highest on-base percentage Barry Bonds .609 2004 [26]
Most stolen bases[a] Hugh Nicol
Rickey Henderson
138
130
1887
1982
[27]
Highest slugging percentage Barry Bonds .863 2001 [28]
Highest OPS Barry Bonds 1.422 2004 [29]
Most walks Barry Bonds 232 2004 [30]
Most strikeouts Mark Reynolds 223 2009
Most extra base hits Babe Ruth 119 1921 [31]
Fastest pitch hit Aroldis Chapman 106 mph 2010
Most total bases Babe Ruth 457 1921 [32]
Consecutive game hitting streak Joe DiMaggio 56 1941
Most at-bats Jimmy Rollins 716 2007 [33]

Pitching records (1876–present)[edit]

Career[edit]

Cy Young, the Major League record holder for most career wins, losses, innings pitched, and complete games.
Record Player #
Most wins Cy Young 511
Most losses Cy Young 316
Lowest E.R.A. Ed Walsh 1.82
Most no-hitters Nolan Ryan 7
Most strikeouts Nolan Ryan 5,714
Most shutouts Walter Johnson 110
Most pickoffs Steve Carlton 144
Most innings pitched Cy Young 7,354⅔
Most hit batsmen Gus Weyhing 278
Most home runs allowed Jamie Moyer 522
Most complete games Cy Young 749
Lowest WHIP Addie Joss .968
Most saves Mariano Rivera 652
Highest win–loss percentage Spud Chandler 71.7%
Most games Jesse Orosco 1,252
Most consecutive scoreless innings pitched Orel Hershiser 59[b]

Live-ball era (1920–present)[edit]

(if different from overall records)

Record Player #
Most wins Warren Spahn 363
Most losses Nolan Ryan 292
Lowest earned-run average Mariano Rivera 2.21
Most shutouts Warren Spahn 63
Most innings pitched Phil Niekro 5,404⅓
Most complete games Warren Spahn 382
Lowest WHIP Mariano Rivera 1.004

Single season[edit]

Record Player # Season
Most wins Old Hoss Radbourn 59 1884
Most losses John Coleman 48 1883
Lowest E.R.A. Tim Keefe 0.86 1880
Most strikeouts Matt Kilroy 513 1886
Most shutouts George Bradley
Pete Alexander
16 1876
1916
Most innings pitched Will White 680 1879
Most complete games Will White 75 1879
Lowest WHIP Pedro Martínez .7373 2000
Most saves Francisco Rodríguez 62 2008
Highest win/loss percentage Roy Face 94.7% 1959
Most hits allowed John Coleman 772 1883
Most earned runs allowed John Coleman 291 1883

Live-ball era (1920–present)[edit]

(if different from all-time records)

Record Player # Season
Most wins Jim Bagby, Sr.
Lefty Grove
Denny McLain
31 1920
1931
1968
Most losses Paul Derringer 27 1933
Most strikeouts Nolan Ryan 383 1973
Most shutouts Bob Gibson 13 1968
Most innings pitched Mickey Lolich 376 1971
Most complete games Bob Feller 36 1946
Most hits allowed George Uhle 378 1923
Most earned runs allowed Bobo Newsom 186 1938

Hitting records: single game (1876–present)[edit]

Pitching records: single game (1876–present)[edit]

Oldest pitcher to win a game: Jamie Moyer, age 49, pitching for the Colorado Rockies in 2012

Catcher records: career[edit]

Note: Pre-1950 stolen-base data is incomplete; career leaders shown from 1950 to present.

Catcher records: single season[edit]

Both of Ruiz's no-hitters were by Roy Halladay; the second was in Game 1 of the National League Division Series, Halladay's first career postseason start.

In 1914, Yankees catcher Les Nunamaker threw out three runners in the same inning.[43]

Other records[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Prior to 1898, a player was credited with a stolen base if he took an extra base on a base hit by another player. For example, a baserunner is on first base and the batter singles to right field. If the baserunner reaches second base, then proceeds to take third, he would be credited with a stolen base. The single-season record under modern rules is 130 by Rickey Henderson in 1982.
  2. ^ Even though Hershiser's 59 consecutive scoreless innings occurred completely within the 1988 season, other pitchers have had streaks spanning more than one season. Thus, it is necessary to put the record over a career.
  3. ^ Randy Johnson pitched 20 strikeouts working 9 innings in an 11-inning game. Since the game went over 9 innings, his performance is not officially considered a record[35]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Career Leaders & Records for Singles". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 25, 2012. 
  2. ^ "Career Leaders & Records for Doubles". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 25, 2012. 
  3. ^ "Career Leaders & Records for Triples". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 25, 2012. 
  4. ^ "Career Leaders & Records for Home Runs". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 25, 2012. 
  5. ^ "Single-Season Leaders & Records for Total Bases". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 27, 2012.  Mets Pitcher Bartolo Colon Becomes Oldest Player to Hit First Home Run
  6. ^ "Career Leaders & Records for Runs Batted In". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 25, 2012. 
  7. ^ "Career Leaders & Records for Hits". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 25, 2012. 
  8. ^ "Career Leaders & Records for Runs Scored". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 25, 2012. 
  9. ^ "Career Leaders & Records for On-Base%". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 25, 2012. 
  10. ^ "Career Leaders & Records for Stolen Bases". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 25, 2012. 
  11. ^ "Career Leaders & Records for Slugging %". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 25, 2012. 
  12. ^ "Career Leaders & Records for On-Base Plus Slugging". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 25, 2012. 
  13. ^ "Career Leaders & Records for Bases on Balls". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 25, 2012. 
  14. ^ "Career Leaders & Records for Intentional Bases on Balls". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 25, 2012. 
  15. ^ "Career Leaders & Records for Strikeouts". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 25, 2012. 
  16. ^ "Career Leaders & Records for At Bats". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 25, 2012. 
  17. ^ "Career Leaders & Records for Total Bases". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 25, 2012. 
  18. ^ "Career Leaders & Records for Runs Created". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 25, 2012. 
  19. ^ "Career Leaders & Records for Games Played". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 25, 2012. 
  20. ^ "Single-Season Leaders & Records for Batting average". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 25, 2012. 
  21. ^ "Single-Season Leaders & Records for Doubles". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 25, 2012. 
  22. ^ "Single-Season Leaders & Records for Triples". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 25, 2012. 
  23. ^ "Single-Season Leaders & Records for Runs Batted In". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 25, 2012. 
  24. ^ "Single-Season Leaders & Records for Hits". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 25, 2012. 
  25. ^ "Single-Season Leaders & Records for Runs Scored". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 25, 2012. 
  26. ^ "Single-Season Leaders & Records for On-Base%". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 27, 2012. 
  27. ^ "Single-Season Leaders & Records for Stolen Bases". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 25, 2012. 
  28. ^ "Single-Season Leaders & Records for Slugging %". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 27, 2012. 
  29. ^ "Single-Season Leaders & Records for On-Base Plus Slugging". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 27, 2012. 
  30. ^ "Single-Season Leaders & Records for Bases on Balls". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 27, 2012. 
  31. ^ "Single-Season Leaders & Records for Intentional Bases on Balls". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 27, 2012. 
  32. ^ "Single-Season Leaders & Records for Total Bases". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 27, 2012. 
  33. ^ "Single-Season Leaders & Records for At Bats". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 27, 2012. 
  34. ^ Records for hits at Baseball Almanac
  35. ^ "Strikeout Records by Pitchers including Career Strikeouts, Single Season Strikeouts and Strikeouts in a Game Records, by Baseball Almanac". 
  36. ^ http://www.baseball-reference.com/leaders/CS_c_career.shtml
  37. ^ http://www.baseball-reference.com/leaders/SB_c_career.shtml
  38. ^ http://www.baseball-reference.com/leaders/caught_stealing_perc_career.shtml
  39. ^ http://www.retrosheet.org/Research/WeigandJ/Rating%20The%20Catchers.pdf
  40. ^ http://www.baseball-reference.com/leaders/CS_c_season.shtml
  41. ^ http://www.baseball-reference.com/leaders/SB_c_season.shtml
  42. ^ http://www.baseball-reference.com/leaders/caught_stealing_perc_season.shtml
  43. ^ http://yankeedinosaur.mlblogs.com/2011/09/19/803-in-yankee-history-2/

External links[edit]