List of Major League Soccer stadiums

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Major League Soccer (MLS) is the premier professional soccer league in the United States and Canada. The league has 20 teams in 20 stadiums as of the 2015 season: 17 in the United States and 3 in Canada. At the time of the league's inauguration in 1996, MLS teams used multi-purpose stadiums, often shared with National Football League (NFL) or college football teams. Because of lower attendance, these stadiums had parts tarped off to artificially reduce capacity. Starting in 1999 with the Columbus Crew's construction of Mapfre Stadium, the league has constructed soccer-specific stadiums which are tailor-made for soccer and which have smaller capacity. Today, the majority of MLS stadiums are soccer-specific stadiums.

Stadiums[edit]

The following is a list of current primary MLS stadiums.

Soccer-specific stadium
Actual capacity
(Artificially reduced capacity)
double-dagger Stadiums with a retractable roof
Image Stadium Team(s) Location First MLS Year Capacity Opened Surface Field Dimensions Ref(s)
Avaya Stadium, 1-7-15.jpg Avaya Stadium San Jose Earthquakes San Jose, California 2015 18,000 2015 Grass 8,625 square yards (7,212 m2) 115 by 75 yards (105 m × 69 m) [1]
BBVA Compass Stadium, Skyline View.JPG BBVA Compass Stadium Houston Dynamo Houston, Texas 2012 22,039 2012 Grass 8,050 square yards (6,730 m2) 115 by 70 yards (105 m × 64 m) [2][3]
BC Place 2011 Whitecaps.jpg BC Place double-dagger Vancouver Whitecaps FC Vancouver, British Columbia 2011 54,320
(22,500)
1983 Polytan 8,775 square yards (7,337 m2) 117 by 75 yards (107 m × 69 m) [4][5]
West-stand-bmo-field.jpg BMO Field Toronto FC Toronto, Ontario 2007 30,991 2007 Grass 8,510 square yards (7,120 m2) 115 by 74 yards (105 m × 68 m) [6][7]
Soundersfcqwestfield.jpg CenturyLink Field Seattle Sounders FC Seattle, Washington 2009 67,000
(40,000)
2002 FieldTurf 8,436 square yards (7,054 m2) 114 by 74 yards (104 m × 68 m) [8][9]
Citrus Bowl aerial view.jpg Citrus Bowl Orlando City SC Orlando, Florida 2015 65,438
(19,500)
1936 AstroTurf 8,436 square yards (7,054 m2) 114 by 74 yards (104 m × 68 m) [10]
Dick's Park.jpg Dick's Sporting Goods Park Colorado Rapids Commerce City, Colorado 2007 18,086 2007 Grass 9,000 square yards (7,500 m2) 120 by 75 yards (110 m × 69 m) [11]
Gillette Stadium.jpg Gillette Stadium New England Revolution Foxborough, Massachusetts 2002 68,756
(20,000)
2002 FieldTurf 8,625 square yards (7,212 m2) 115 by 75 yards (105 m × 69 m) [12]
Columbus crew stadium mls allstars 2005.jpg Mapfre Stadium Columbus Crew SC Columbus, Ohio 1999 20,145 1999 Grass 8,625 square yards (7,212 m2) 115 by 75 yards (105 m × 69 m) [13]
PPL Park Interior from the River End 2010.10.02.jpg PPL Park Philadelphia Union Chester, Pennsylvania 2010 18,500 2010 Grass 9,000 square yards (7,500 m2) 120 by 75 yards (110 m × 69 m) [14]
Jeldwenfield2011.png Providence Park Portland Timbers Portland, Oregon 2011 21,144 1926 FieldTurf 8,250 square yards (6,900 m2) 110 by 75 yards (101 m × 69 m) [15][16]
Rfkstadium.png RFK Stadium D.C. United Washington, D.C. 1996 45,596
(20,000)
1961 Grass 8,250 square yards (6,900 m2) 110 by 75 yards (101 m × 69 m) [17]
Red Bull Arena Harrison behind goal.jpg Red Bull Arena New York Red Bulls Harrison, New Jersey 2010 25,000 2010 Grass 9,000 square yards (7,500 m2) 120 by 75 yards (110 m × 69 m) [18]
Rio Tinto Stadium Rio Tinto Stadium Real Salt Lake Sandy, Utah 2008 20,213 2008 Grass 9,000 square yards (7,500 m2) 120 by 75 yards (110 m × 69 m) [19]
Stade Saputo.27.06.12.jpg Saputo Stadium Montreal Impact Montreal, Quebec 2012 20,801 2008 Grass 9,240 square yards (7,730 m2) 120 by 77 yards (110 m × 70 m) [20]
Sporting KC vs Houston Dynamo - 26 May 2013.JPG Sporting Park Sporting Kansas City Kansas City, Kansas 2011 18,467 2011 Grass 9,000 square yards (7,500 m2) 120 by 75 yards (110 m × 69 m) [21]
LA Galaxy vs Houston Dynamo- Western Conference Finals panorama.jpg StubHub Center Los Angeles Galaxy Carson, California 2003 27,000 2003 Grass 9,000 square yards (7,500 m2) 120 by 75 yards (110 m × 69 m) [22]
Toyota Park, 9 March 2013.jpg Toyota Park Chicago Fire Bridgeview, Illinois 2006 20,000 2006 Grass 9,000 square yards (7,500 m2) 120 by 75 yards (110 m × 69 m) [23]
Pizza Hut Park.jpg Toyota Stadium FC Dallas Frisco, Texas 2005 20,500 2005 Grass 8,658 square yards (7,239 m2) 117 by 74 yards (107 m × 68 m) [24][25]
Soccer at Yankee Stadium, August 2012.jpg Yankee Stadium New York City FC Bronx, New York City, New York 2015 54,251
(27,470)
2009 Grass 7,700 square yards (6,400 m2) 110 by 70 yards (101 m × 64 m) [26]

Other stadiums used[edit]

The following is a list of other current stadiums used by MLS teams for the Lamar Hunt U.S. Open Cup, CONCACAF Champions League, premiere, special, or international friendly matches.

Soccer-specific stadium
Artificially reduced capacity
dagger Domed Stadiums
double-dagger Stadiums with a retractable roof
Image Stadium Team(s) Location Year Since Use Capacity Opened Surface Ref(s)
Renovated Kezar Stadium.jpg Kezar Stadium San Jose Earthquakes San Francisco, California 2012- 3,888 1990 Grass
Philly (45).JPG Lincoln Financial Field Philadelphia Union Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 2010- 37,500 2003 Grass [27]
Maureen Hendricks Field at Maryland Soccerplex.jpeg Maryland SoccerPlex D.C. United Germantown, Maryland 2001- 3,200 2000 Bluegrass
Toronto - ON - Rogers Centre (Nacht).jpg Rogers Centre double-dagger Toronto FC Toronto, Ontario 2012- 47,568 1989 AstroTurf GameDay Grass 3D
Le Stade Olympique 3.jpg Olympic Stadium dagger Montreal Impact Montreal, Quebec 2012- 66,308 1976 Team Pro EF RD
Stanford Stadium new.jpg Stanford Stadium San Jose Earthquakes Stanford, California 2011– 50,000 2006 Grass
Entering Levi's Stadium.JPG Levi's Stadium San Jose Earthquakes Santa Clara, California 2014–2019 48,765 2014 Bermuda Bandera/Ryegrass mixture [28]
Starfire Sports Complex - stadium field 01.jpg Starfire Sports Complex Seattle Sounders FC Tukwila, Washington 2009– 4,500 2005 FieldTurf

Future stadiums[edit]

The following is a table of future MLS stadiums that are undergoing construction or renovation, or have been approved for construction or renovation.

New York City[29] and the Miami expansion team[30] have both had potential sites rejected by local governments and have yet to identify alternatives, while Minnesota United[31] and the Los Angeles expansion team[32] have proposals for stadiums in Downtown Minneapolis and Exposition Park, respectively, that are pending approval from local authorities. In addition, the New England Revolution have reportedly been in negotiations over a potential site in South Boston.[33]

Soccer-specific stadium
Artificially reduced capacity
double-dagger Stadiums with a retractable roof
Stadium Team Location Capacity Construction
begin
Likely
opening
Surface Ref
Orlando City Stadium Orlando City SC Orlando, FL 25,500[34] 2014 2016 Grass [35]
Mercedes-Benz Stadium double-dagger Atlanta United FC Atlanta, GA 29,322[36] 2014 2017 Turf [37]
D.C. United Stadium D.C. United Washington, D.C. 20,000[38] 2015 2018 Grass [39]

Former stadiums[edit]

The following is a list of former MLS stadiums.

Artificially reduced capacity
Image Stadium Team(s) Location Used for MLS Capacity Opened Surface Ref(s)
061123Broncos-Chiefs02.jpg Arrowhead Stadium Kansas City Wizards Kansas City, Missouri 1996–2007 79,451
(20,269)[note 1]
1972 Grass
BuckShaw5308.jpg Buck Shaw Stadium San Jose Earthquakes Santa Clara, California 2008–2014 10,525 1962 Grass [40]
Aerial shot Benedetti–Wehrli Stadium.jpg Cardinal Stadium Chicago Fire Naperville, Illinois 2002–2003 15,000 1999 FieldTurf [41]
CommunityAmerica Ballpark2.JPG CommunityAmerica Ballpark Kansas City Wizards Kansas City, Kansas 2008–2010 10,385 2003 Grass
Cotton Bowl.JPG Cotton Bowl Dallas Burn Dallas, Texas 1996–2002, 2004 92,100
(25,425)
1932 Grass
Dragon Stadium Dallas Burn Southlake, Texas 2003 11,000 2001
San Jose at Empire Field.jpg Empire Field Vancouver Whitecaps FC Vancouver, British Columbia 2011 20,500 2010 FieldTurf [42]
Foxboro Stadium.jpg Foxboro Stadium New England Revolution Foxborough, Massachusetts 1996–2001 60,292
(24,871)
1971 Grass
New York Red Bull 1.jpg Giants Stadium New York Red Bulls
NY/NJ MetroStars
East Rutherford, New Jersey 1996–2009 78,148
(25,576)
1976 Grass; FieldTurf
Denver Colorado Invesco Field at Mile High.jpg Invesco Field at Mile High Colorado Rapids Denver, Colorado 2002–2006 76,125
(17,500)
2001 Grass
MileHighStadium.jpg Mile High Stadium Colorado Rapids Denver, Colorado 1996–2001 76,273
(17,500)
1948 Grass
McAfee Coliseum soccer configuration.jpg Oakland–Alameda County Coliseum San Jose Earthquakes Oakland, California 2008–2009 63,132
(47,416)
1966 Grass [40]
Skorry-ohiostadium 6048.jpg Ohio Stadium Columbus Crew Columbus, Ohio 1996–1998 89,841
(25,243)[note 2]
1922 Grass [43][44][45]
RSL at Rice-Eccles.jpg Rice-Eccles Stadium Real Salt Lake Salt Lake City, Utah 2005–2008 45,634
(24,521)
1927 FieldTurf
Robertson Gameday.jpg Robertson Stadium Houston Dynamo Houston, Texas 2005–2011 32,000
(25,462)
1941 Grass
Inter vs Chelsea at the Rose Bowl.jpg Rose Bowl Los Angeles Galaxy Pasadena, California 1996–2002 104,091
(26,000)
1922 Grass
UsavsHonduras.JPG Soldier Field Chicago Fire Chicago, Illinois 1998–2002, 2004–2005 61,500
(24,955)
1924 Grass
SPStaSJ.jpg Spartan Stadium San Jose Earthquakes San Jose, California 1996–2005 31,218
(19,166)
1933 Grass [40]

Defunct teams[edit]

Artificially reduced capacity
Image Stadium Team(s) Location Used for MLS Capacity Opened Surface Field Dimensions Ref(s)
2008-0424-FL-LockhartStadium.jpg Lockhart Stadium Miami Fusion F.C. Fort Lauderdale, Florida 1998–2002 20,450 1959 FieldTurf 116 by 75 yards (106 m × 69 m)
Tampa Stadium1.jpg Houlihan's Stadium Tampa Bay Mutiny Tampa, Florida 1996–1998 16,000[note 3] 1967 Grass unknown
Raymond James Stadium02.JPG Raymond James Stadium Tampa Bay Mutiny Tampa, Florida 1999–2002 32,000[note 4] 1998 Grass 115 by 72 yards (105 m × 66 m)
LA Galaxy vs Houston Dynamo- Western Conference Finals panorama.jpg StubHub Center Chivas USA Carson, California 2005–2014 (Chivas USA) 18,800 CHV 2003 Grass 120 by 75 yards (110 m × 69 m) [22]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ For most of the Wizards' history at Arrowhead, the team did not sell tickets in most of the stadium. At different times, either one side of the stadium or the upper seating bowl was tarped off.
  2. ^ Ohio Stadium has a capacity for 102,329, but this was artificially reduced to 25,243 for regular games. The Crew's attendance record is however 31,000
  3. ^ Portion used by MLS, full NFL capacity: 65,857
  4. ^ Portion used by MLS, full NFL capacity: 65,857

References[edit]

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  3. ^ "BBVA Compass Stadium's pitch size draws ire". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved May 20, 2012. 
  4. ^ "BC Place". Vancouver Whitecaps FC. Retrieved September 30, 2011. 
  5. ^ Constantineau, Bruce (September 24, 2011). "Empire falls, Whitecaps hope BC Place provides kick-start". The Province. Retrieved September 24, 2011. 
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  7. ^ "Toronto: BMO Field ready for re-opening". stadiumdb.com. May 8, 2015. Retrieved May 9, 2015. 
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  10. ^ "MAJOR LEAGUE SOCCER AWARDS EXPANSION TEAM TO ORLANDO". Orlandocitysoccer.com. Orlando City SC. Retrieved December 9, 2013. 
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  19. ^ "2010 MLS Fact Sheet" (PDF). Retrieved August 28, 2012. 
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  23. ^ "toyotapark.com - A-Z/FAQ's". Archived from the original on April 27, 2007. Retrieved May 4, 2007. 
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  26. ^ "New York City FC outline plans for Yankee Stadium's baseball-to-soccer conversion". MLSsoccer.com. Major League Socce. Retrieved 21 April 2014. 
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  28. ^ "Earthquakes have 5-year deal with 49ers to play at Levi's". San Jose Mercury News. Retrieved August 3, 2014. 
  29. ^ "Report: New York City FC stadium search now focused on Queens, Brooklyn". MLS. December 20, 2014. Retrieved May 19, 2015. 
  30. ^ Turner, Elliott (February 24, 2015). "HOW DAVID BECKHAM'S MIAMI MLS STADIUM DEAL TURNED INTO A DISASTER". Vice Sports. Retrieved May 19, 2015. 
  31. ^ Kaszuba, Mike (May 19, 2015). "Mpls. negotiates MLS stadium subsidy as lawmakers adjourn". Star Tribune. Retrieved May 19, 2015. 
  32. ^ Baxter, Kevin (May 17, 2015). "Expansion L.A. soccer team plans new stadium on Sports Arena site". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 19, 2015. 
  33. ^ Moore, Mary (March 25, 2015). "Kraft soccer stadium push complicates Boston 2024 plans for Widett Circle". Boston Business Journal. Retrieved May 19, 2015. 
  34. ^ Schlueb, Mark. "Here's what Orlando's new MLS soccer stadium will look like". OrlandoSentinel.com. Orlando City SC. Retrieved 29 May 2015. 
  35. ^ Wiebe, Andrew. "Orlando City president expects new stadium to have "most intense atmosphere in the whole of MLS"". mlssoccer.com. Retrieved November 20, 2013. 
  36. ^ "Arthur Blank to Own Team; MLS Club Expected to Open New Downtown Stadium in 2017" (Press release). MLS Atlanta 2017. April 16, 2014. Retrieved May 21, 2015. 
  37. ^ Carlisle, Jeff. "Atlanta introduced as MLS' 22nd team". espnfc.com. ESPN FC. Retrieved April 17, 2014. 
  38. ^ Goff, Steven. "DC United Stadium Approval Improves MLS". WashingtonPost.com. Washington Post. Retrieved December 17, 2014. 
  39. ^ MLS, Staff. "DC council unanimously approves stadium plan". MLS.com. MLS. Retrieved December 17, 2014. 
  40. ^ a b c "History". San Jose Earthquakes. Archived from the original on May 30, 2011. Retrieved May 30, 2011. 
  41. ^ "North Central College Facilities Info". Archived from the original on September 28, 2007. Retrieved May 4, 2007. 
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  44. ^ "Crew Wins 8th Straight; More than 31,000 Fans See Columbus' 2–0 Win Over the MetroStars". Columbus Dispatch. April 14, 1996. p. 1E. 
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