Outline of Mali

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The location of Mali
An enlargeable map of the Republic of Mali

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Mali:

Malilandlocked sovereign country located in West Africa.[1] Mali is the seventh most extensive country in Africa, bordering Algeria on the north, Niger on the east, Burkina Faso and the Côte d'Ivoire on the south, Guinea on the south-west, and Senegal and Mauritania on the west.

Consisting of eight regions, Mali's borders on the north reach deep into the middle of the Sahara, while the country's southern region, where the majority of inhabitants live, features the Niger and Senegal rivers. The country's economic structure centers around agriculture and fishing. Some of Mali's natural resources include gold, uranium, and salt. Due to a high incidence of poverty, Mali is considered to be one of the poorest nations in the world.

Present-day Mali was once part of three West African empires that controlled trans-Saharan trade: the Ghana Empire, the Mali Empire (from which Mali is named), and the Songhai Empire. In the late 19th century, Mali fell under French control, becoming part of French Sudan. Mali gained independence in 1959 with Senegal, as the Mali Federation in 1959. A year later, the Mali Federation became the independent nation of Mali in 1960. After a long period of one-party rule, a 1991 coup led to the writing of a new constitution and the establishment of Mali as a democratic, multi-party state.

General reference[edit]

An enlargeable relief map of Mali

Geography of Mali[edit]

An enlargeable topographic map of Mali
Main article: Geography of Mali


 Mauritania 2,237 km
 Algeria 1,376 km
 Burkina Faso 1,000 km
 Guinea 858 km
 Niger 821 km
 Cote d'Ivoire 532 km
 Senegal 419 km
  • Coastline: none

Environment of Mali[edit]

An enlargeable satellite image of Mali
Main article: Environment of Mali

Natural geographic features of Mali[edit]

Regions of Mali[edit]

Ecoregions of Mali[edit]

Administrative divisions of Mali[edit]

Regions of Mali[edit]
Main article: Regions of Mali
Cercles of Mali[edit]
Main article: Cercles of Mali
Arrondissements of Mali[edit]
Communes of Mali[edit]
Main article: Communes of Mali
Municipalities of Mali[edit]

Demography of Mali[edit]

Main article: Demographics of Mali

Government and politics of Mali[edit]

Politics of Mali

Branches of the government of Mali[edit]

Main article: Government of Mali

Executive branch of the government of Mali[edit]

Legislative branch of the government of Mali[edit]

Judicial branch of the government of Mali[edit]

Main article: Court system of Mali

Foreign relations of Mali[edit]

International organization membership[edit]

The Republic of Mali is a member of:[1]

Law and order in Mali[edit]

Main article: Law of Mali

Military of Mali[edit]

Main article: Military of Mali

Local government in Mali[edit]

History of Mali[edit]

Main article: History of Mali, Timeline of the history of Mali, and Current events of Mali

Culture of Mali[edit]

Main article: Culture of Mali

Art in Mali[edit]

The antelope figure, Mali, from the collection of Raccolte Extraeuropee, Milan.

Sports in Mali[edit]

Main article: Sports in Mali

Economy and infrastructure of Mali[edit]

Main article: Economy of Mali

Education in Mali[edit]

Main article: Education in Mali

Health in Mali[edit]

Main article: Health in Mali

See also[edit]

Main article: Mali


  1. ^ a b "Mali". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. July 3, 2009. Retrieved July 23, 2009. 
  2. ^ The only glaciers in Africa are on Mt Kenya (in Kenya), on Kilimanjaro (in Tanzania), and in the Ruwenzori Mountains (which are located in Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo). See Proceedings of the Riederalp Workshop, September 1978; Actes de l'Atelier de Riederalp, septembre 1978): IAHS-AISH Publ. no. 126, 1980.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Atlas of Mali