Characters in the Mario franchise

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
The main characters of the Mario franchise: Wario, Donkey Kong, Luigi, Peach, Mario, Toad, Daisy, Bowser, Yoshi, Boo, and Waluigi.

The Mario franchise is a series of video games developed and published by Nintendo that features an extensive cast of characters.

For the main characters that appear in Mario-adjacent franchises Donkey Kong and Wario, please refer to list of Donkey Kong characters and list of Wario characters.



Mario[a] (English: /ˈmɑːri, ˈmær-/, Italian: [ˈmarjo]; voiced by Charles Martinet) is an Italian-American plumber and the lead character of the series who was introduced in 1981. Seen as the hero of the franchise, Mario remains playable in most of the games and also appears in every Mario spin-off game including sports and kart racing.


Luigi[b] (English: /luˈi/, Italian: [luˈiːdʒi]; voiced by Charles Martinet) is an Italian-American plumber who is Mario's younger brother. He is playable in most of the Mario games. He is the main protagonist of the Luigi series in which is depicted as clumsy and frightful, confronting fears in order to help.

Princess Peach[edit]

Princess Peach[c] (formerly known as Princess Toadstool outside Japan; voiced by Samantha Kelly), is the princess and the ruler of the Mushroom Kingdom,[1] depicted as sweet and optimistic. She is the lead female character from the Mario series since her introduction in 1985, and is the main protagonist of Princess Toadstool's Castle Run (1990) and Super Princess Peach (2006).

Princess Daisy[edit]

Princess Daisy[d] (voiced by Deanna Mustard) is the princess and the ruler of Sarasaland[2] who first appeared in Super Mario Land. In various games, she may be depicted as a protagonist, a supporting character, or a lady in distress. Daisy is playable in most of the Mario spin-off games.

Donkey Kong[edit]

Donkey Kong[e] (DK) (voiced by Takashi Nagasako) is an anthropomorphic gorilla from the franchise with the same name appearing in the Donkey Kong and Mario video game franchises. He is the leader and first member of the DK crew. Donkey Kong first appears in the 1981 arcade game Donkey Kong, but the modern incarnation introduced in Donkey Kong Country is revealed to be the grandson of that arcade original character.[3] He is playable in several Mario spin-off games as a cheerful and powerful character.

Diddy Kong[edit]

Diddy Kong[f] (Diddy) (voiced by Katsumi Suzuki) is an anthropomorphic monkey from the Donkey Kong franchise, as well as Donkey Kong's nephew, sidekick and best friend appearing in the Donkey Kong and Mario video game franchises. Diddy is a British term meaning "little". He is the main protagonist of Diddy Kong Racing and its DS remake, a cheerful and kind character.


Rosalina[g] (voiced by Laura Faye Smith) is a mysterious lady from an unknown location who is the adoptive mother of the Lumas.[4] She resides in the Comet Observatory and also the watcher of the cosmos in the Super Mario Galaxy series. Rosalina is either a supporting character or a protagonist, playable in most of the Mario spin-off games.


Toad[h] (voiced by Samantha Kelly) is a small mushroom-like humanoid character who is Princess Peach's attendant or retainer, and a longtime protector of the Mushroom Kingdom. He remains playable in most of the Mario games and is the protagonist of Wario's Woods.


Toadette[i] (voiced by Samantha Kelly) is a pink Toad girl who first appeared in the 2003 video game Mario Kart: Double Dash!! as a playable driver. Toadette has two long round pigtails and a dress to distinguish herself from Toad. Since Super Mario Odyssey, Toadette is a member of the Toad Brigade and has the role of an archivist.[5] Depending on the game, she is either a supporting character or a protagonist, playable in most of the Mario spin-off games.

Since New Super Mario Bros. U Deluxe, Toadette can transform into Peachette, a form that highly resembles Princess Peach, with her power-up called the Super Crown. As Peachette, she can use Peach's floating jump to hover, and has the ability to perform a double-jump.


Yoshi[j] (English: /ˈjʃi, ˈjɒʃi/, once romanized as Yossy; voiced by Kazumi Totaka) is a green and anthropomorphic dinosaur. He has a long tongue which can be used to eat various enemies, and can turn the enemies he eats into eggs that can be thrown. Yoshi helps his friends during various adventures by acting as a rideable character for the heroes, though he can also be playable. He is a playable character in most of the Mario spin-offs and stars in his own series.


Birdo, known in Japan as Catherine[k], (voiced by Kazumi Totaka) is a pink, anthropomorphic creature who wears a red bow on her head, and has a round mouth that can fire eggs as projectiles. Birdo first appeared in Super Mario Bros. 2. Since then, she has been a recurring character in various franchise spin-offs and becomes Yoshi's partner. Birdo has evolved from antagonist into protagonist, playable in several Mario spin-offs.


Toadsworth[l] (voiced by Charles Martinet) is an elderly Toad and Princess Peach's longtime steward and caretaker, first appearing in Super Mario Sunshine.

Captain Toad[edit]

Captain Toad[m] (voiced by Samantha Kelly) is an explorer and the leader of the Toad Brigade who first appears in Super Mario Galaxy. He makes several appearances within the Mario series, like in Super Mario Galaxy 2 or Super Mario Odyssey, and as a treasure tracker.[6] He makes several cameos within Super Smash Bros. and made his Mario Kart debut in Mario Kart Tour as a playable racer. He is the main protagonist in the series of levels in Super Mario 3D World called Captain Toad's Adventures and in the game Captain Toad: Treasure Tracker.


Pauline[n] debuted in Donkey Kong (1981),[7] Donkey Kong (1994) for Game Boy,[8] Mario vs. Donkey Kong 2: March of the Minis, and Mario vs. Donkey Kong: Minis March Again!. Pauline was created by Shigeru Miyamoto and other developers for the 1981 arcade game Donkey Kong as the earliest example of a female with a speaking role in a video game, and is cited as a famous example of a damsel in distress in fiction.[9][10][11]



Bowser[o] or King Koopa (voiced by Kenneth W. James) is the king of the turtle-like Koopa race,[12] a selfish troublemaker who wants to take over the Mushroom Kingdom. He is Mario's nemesis and is the final boss of most Mario games. He is playable in all Mario spin-off games.

Dry Bowser[p] is a recurring antagonist in the Mario series. Debuting as a form of Bowser after losing his flesh in New Super Mario Bros., the character has appeared as his own being starting with Mario Kart Wii, often serving as the final antagonist in the main games. Dry Bowser appears in Mario Party: Island Tour, and is a playable character in several of the Mario spin-off games.

Bowser Jr.[edit]

Bowser Jr. (known as Koopa Jr.[q] in Japan; voiced by Caety Sagoian), or sometimes simply Jr. or Junior, is the son of Bowser who first appeared in the 2002 game Super Mario Sunshine. He is often depicted as the secondary antagonist throughout the Mario series. Bowser Jr. looks up to his dad and shares his ambition to defeat Mario and take over the Mushroom Kingdom. Bowser Jr. is playable in most of the spin-off Mario games and in Super Smash Bros. He is the main protagonist of Bowser Jr.'s Journey (2018) included in the remake of Mario & Luigi: Bowser's Inside Story.


Wario[r] (English: /ˈwɑːri, ˈwær-/; voiced by Charles Martinet) is an obese, muscular, hot-tempered, and greedy man. He is Mario's yellow-and-purple clad arch-rival. He initially debuted as an antagonist but over the years has become an anti-hero, even being playable in a few titles. Wario is the protagonist of the Wario series and is playable in most of the Mario spin-off games where he is Waluigi's partner. His name is portmanteau of "warui", the Japanese word for "bad", and "Mario".


Waluigi[s] (English: /ˌwɑːluˈi/; voiced by Charles Martinet) is a tall, thin, and mischievous man who was introduced in Mario Tennis as Wario's partner. He is Luigi's black-and-purple clad arch-rival. Waluigi is often an antagonist who teams up with Wario to accomplish their schemes. He is playable in most of the Mario spin-off games and makes several cameos within the Super Smash Bros. series.


The Koopalings[t] are seven siblings who first appeared as boss characters in the 1988 game Super Mario Bros. 3. Their individual names are Iggy, Larry, Lemmy, Ludwig, Morton, Roy, and Wendy. They were originally depicted as the children of the series antagonist Bowser and later to be referred as his minions. They have since appeared in subsequent Super Mario games, spin-off Mario games, and the Super Smash Bros. series.


Kamek[u] (English: /kəˈmɛk, ˈkæmɪk/; voiced by Atsushi Masaki) is a Magikoopa who acts as Bowser's caretaker during his childhood and one of his high-ranking minions afterwards. He is from the Yoshi series. He can perform various feats of magic, such as self-duplication, teleportation, shooting magical blasts, and changing the size of other creatures. In Japan, the character shares his name with his species, Kamek (which are known outside Japan as Magikoopas), which can lead to confusion surrounding his appearances. This will sometimes lead to a literal translation, as in Super Princess Peach where a boss is described as "A Kamek made huge by magic". Some Japanese sources such as the guide for Super Mario Advance 3: Yoshi's Island call him "Fang" to distinguish him from regular Magikoopas.

Boom Boom[edit]

Boom Boom[v] is Pom Pom's partner, male counterpart and faithful minion of Bowser. He first appeared in Super Mario Bros. 3, then in Super Mario 3D World, and is playable in several Mario spin-off games.

Pom Pom[edit]

Pom Pom[w] is Boom Boom's partner, female counterpart, and faithful minion of Bowser. She debuted in Super Mario 3D Land as an Airship boss, then Super Mario 3D World, and is playable in several Mario spin-off games, including Super Mario Party.[13]

King Boo[edit]

King Boo[x] is the king of the Boos and the main antagonist in the Luigi's Mansion series. He plays minor roles, occasionally playable, in various other Mario games, including the Mario Kart and Mario Party series. King Boo's first major debuted role was as the final boss of Luigi's Mansion, where he disguised himself as Bowser.

He is much larger than the average Boos that appear in games after Luigi's Mansion. He dons a crown with a large ruby and has glowing, sunken eyes in the Luigi's Mansion franchise, and is a playable character in Mario Kart Tour. A similar character named Big Boo is an enemy in Super Mario World and a boss in Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island and Super Mario 64 DS.

Supporting protagonists[edit]

Baby Luma/Lumas[edit]

Baby Luma[y] is Mario's main companion in Super Mario Galaxy and its sequel Super Mario Galaxy 2. He is among a group of star-shaped beings known as Lumas, who appear in both games.


Cappy[z] is the secondary protagonist in Super Mario Odyssey. Cappy is a Bonneter who meets Mario in the Cap Kingdom, when he pleas for Mario to assist him in rescuing his little sister Tiara. Cappy has the ability to possess enemies and other creatures, allowing Mario to take control of them for periods of time.

Cappy appears in Super Smash Bros. Ultimate as Mario's side taunt and a Spirit. He quickly throws Cappy and returns it to his head similar to in Super Mario Odyssey.


Tiara[aa] is the secondary damsel in distress in Super Mario Odyssey. She is the sister of Cappy, who is kidnapped by Bowser as a gift to Princess Peach to wear on their wedding day.


Perry[ab] is a magical talking parasol who appears in the game Super Princess Peach. With his magical abilities, he helps Princess Peach to save her friends from Bowser. Perry was a young boy with magical powers who lived with an old man who adopted and took care of him. During a walk with his adoptive parent, he was turned into an umbrella by a mysterious stranger and the two were separated. He was later found by Toadsworth.

Perry appears as a sticker and a trophy in Super Smash Bros. Brawl and as a spirit in Super Smash Bros. Ultimate. He makes a cameo in Densetsu no Stafy 4.

Honey Queen[edit]

Honey Queen[ac] is the queen of all the Honeybees. She is an extremely large bee and always speaks using nosism. She appears in Super Mario Galaxy and Super Mario Galaxy 2 where she rules over all the Honeybees in the Honeyhive, Honeybloom, and Honeyhop Galaxies, and as a heavyweight unlockable driver in Mario Kart 7. She is a spirit in Super Smash Bros. Ultimate.


Dorrie[ad] is a large, friendly swimming blue reptile debuting in Super Mario 64. He helps Mario, Luigi, Wario, and Yoshi ride across water or reach higher areas. Super Mario Odyssey explicitly refers to Dorries as a species and it features two additional yellow and violet Dorries. Dorrie returns in New Super Mario Bros. in two sizes.


Plessie[ae] is a friendly character resembling a dinosaur that debuts in Super Mario 3D World to allow the playable characters to ride him through certain levels. Plessie appears in Super Smash Bros. Ultimate as a support spirit.


Poochy[af] is Yoshi's dog helper. Poochy does not have any ears or a nose, and he has big lips. Poochy is a good swimmer and can sniff out hidden items for Yoshi. Poochy can also do things that Yoshi cannot, such as crossing over dangerous terrain (like spikes), and jumping over walls to give Yoshi a boost out of his wall jumps. Poochy's first appearance was in Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island.

Professor E. Gadd[edit]

Professor Elvin Gadd (Professor Oya Mā[ag] in Japan; voiced by Kazumi Totaka), more commonly known as E. Gadd, is a scientist who, with his various inventions, helps Luigi save his brother Mario and the mansion. His name is a pun on the Japanese interjection Oyamā![ah], meaning "Good heavens!" His name is also inspired by Nintendo game designer Yoshiyuki Oyama.[14] The English translations accordingly adapted the name to a pun on the expression "egad"! His first appearance was in Luigi's Mansion for Nintendo GameCube, in which he investigates a haunted mansion that mysteriously appeared by his laboratory. To help him study the ghosts in the mansion, he uses the "Poltergust 3000", a high-powered vacuum cleaner that can suck in and capture ghosts, and the "Game Boy Horror", an invention for tracking and detecting objects such as Boos. He lends it to Luigi and helps him on his quest.

Gadd reprises his supporting role in Luigi's Mansion: Dark Moon in a remodeled lab to assist Luigi again with his "Poltergust 5000" and a "Dual Scream", which replaces the Game Boy Horror. The Nintendo 3DS remake of the original Luigi’s Mansion introduces a new invention: a lime-green doppelgänger of Luigi, called "Gooigi", which can be brought along as a partner in local co-op play.

In the third installment, Luigi's Mansion 3, E. Gadd provides Luigi with a new Poltergust model, the "Poltergust G-00", which has Gooigi stored inside it, as well as a "Virtual Boo", which replaces both the Game Boy Horror and Dual Scream. Luigi rescues him at the time when his friends were captured by Hellen Gravely at a hotel called The Last Resort.

He is mentioned in Super Mario Sunshine but not seen, but his inventions, a Flash Liquidizer Ultra Dousing Device or F.L.U.D.D. and Magic Brush, are used by Mario and Bowser Jr. respectively. E. Gadd creates a Time Machine in Mario & Luigi: Partners in Time and various inventions as rewards for making bean coffees at the Starbeans Cafe in Mario & Luigi: Superstar Saga and its 3DS remake. In Mario Party 6, E. Gadd is featured on a party board called E. Gadd's Garage.

Super Mario Maker features E. Gadd as an unlockable Mystery Mushroom costume, made available through an update.


Nabbit[ai] is a purple rabbit-like thief with round eyes, long ears, and black limbs. He also wears a white handkerchief with a drawing of a large mouth with sharpened teeth, similar to Bowser Jr.'s mask (though despite this he does not work for Bowser), as well as orange shoes and white gloves.who first appears in New Super Mario Bros. U, where he steals items from Toad Houses and the Mario Bros. have to chase him through various levels to capture him and get them back. He's the main source of P-Acorn power-ups, making it worth the player's time to catch him. In New Super Luigi U, he's promoted to Playable as the fourth character available for multiplayer. He returned to New Super Mario Bros. U Deluxe as a fifth playable character along with Toadette, Luigi, Yellow Toad and Mario. He is also playable in Bowser Jr.'s Journey. Nabbit also appears as a stage hazard in the Mushroom Kingdom U stage throughout the Super Smash Bros. series.

Sprixie Princesses[edit]

The Sprixie Princesses[aj] are the rulers of the Sprixie Kingdom and the Sprixies, a race of fairies debuting in Super Mario 3D World. The green Sprixie Princess refers to the others as her followers, and serves as the game's narrator. Each Sprixie Princess is guarded in one of the first seven worlds' castles, and defeating each boss will release each imprisoned Sprixie. When rescued, the Sprixie Princess graciously reveals the path to the next world, and ultimately unlocks a new set of final worlds. The green Sprixie Princess is also playable in Mario Tennis: Ultra Smash.

Toad Brigade[edit]

The Toad Brigade[ak] is a group of five Toads that aid Mario through some games, starting with Super Mario Galaxy. They are led by Captain Toad. Later the group would expand to include Toadette, bringing the membership up to six. The members consist of Captain Toad, Toadette, Hint Toad (blue), Yellow Toad, Banktoad (green), and Mailtoad (magenta).

Supporting antagonists[edit]


The Broodals[al] are a group of villainous anthropomorphic rabbits who double as wedding planners in Super Mario Odyssey. They were hired by Bowser in order to stop Mario from reaching him.

Madame Broode[am] is the leader who attacks Mario with her golden pet Chain Chomp, referred to as Chain Chompikins. Topper is a squat green hat-wearing rabbit who is the field leader of the Broodals, specializing in client relations. Hariet is a female who uses bombs as a pyrotechnics expert. Rango is a tall and lanky Broodal with a yellow hat, and serving as the group's bouncer. Spewart is a poison-spewing Broodal in a blue hat who is the group's entertainer. RoboBrood is a giant robot that is piloted by the four Broodals.


Draggadons[an] are dragons first appearing in the game Captain Toad: Treasure Tracker.


Cackletta[ao] is the main antagonist in Mario & Luigi: Superstar Saga and its 3DS remake. She is an evil sorceress who takes the Beanstar and Peach's voice in the Beanbean Kingdom. After sustaining heavy injuries, she controls Bowser's body (known as Bowletta) and dies after the explosion of Bowser's castle.


Fawful[ap] is a recurring antagonist in the Mario & Luigi series. The character is considered to be "insane," and served as the secondary antagonist of Superstar Saga and the main antagonist of Bowser's Inside Story.

Petey Piranha[edit]

Petey Piranha, known as Boss Pakkun[aq] in Japan,[15] is a large, powerful Piranha Plant, and the result of a mutation. Whereas normal Piranha Plants usually grow from pipes, Petey's leaves and roots have grown into foot-like and arm-like appendages, which allows him to use objects such as tennis rackets and golf clubs. He can also use his leaves to fly around in the air. He first appeared as the primary boss of Bianco Hills in the game Super Mario Sunshine. He has since appeared as a boss or a playable character in several Mario games and spin-off games.

Foreman Spike[edit]

Foreman Spike[ar] is the angry foreman of the construction site where Mario and Luigi worked in Wrecking Crew. Rather than help them, Spike continuously tried to hinder the brothers from doing their job. He is a bearded villain who always wears sunglasses, although in Wrecking Crew '98, he did not have a beard.

Kammy Koopa[edit]

Kammy Koopa[as] is an elderly Magikoopa who acts as an advisor and babysitter for Bowser in the first two Paper Mario games. She possesses the usual Magikoopa powers, and is primarily distinguished by her ability to summon yellow blocks, which she has used to both impede and combat Mario. She first appeared in Paper Mario for the Nintendo 64, helping Bowser by leaving enemies in Mario's way, transporting Bowser into the Star Spirit Sanctuary, and augmenting his size and power in the final battle. After being defeated by the Star Kid, Twink, she continued to work for him. In Paper Mario: The Thousand-Year Door, she acted as Bowser's second-in-command. Generally, her position is very similar with Kamek who appeared earlier than her, which possibly means why she is replaced by him in Paper Mario: Sticker Star. IGN rated her as one of the weirdest Mario characters.[16]

King Bob-omb[edit]

King Bob-omb[at] is the king of the Bob-ombs. He is mostly recognized for being the first boss fought in the game Super Mario 64 and its remake. Guarding the Power Star, which Bowser entrusted him with, he does not give it up without fighting the player. After his debut, King Bob-omb became a recurring boss in later games, specifically spin-off games such as Mario Party 9 and Mario & Luigi: Paper Jam. King Bob-omb, like other certain bosses, takes pride in his royal status.

Koopa Kids[edit]

Koopa Kids[au] (also known as Baby Bowsers) are the minions of Bowser who have only appeared in the Mario Party series. They appeared in the first seven installments (as well as Mario Party Advance) as major antagonists in the story modes. In the first three games, they are known as Baby Bowsers. A playable Koopa Kid appears in Mario Party 5 and 6.


Reznor[av] are four fire-breathing dinosaurs that made their debut in Super Mario World. According to the game's instruction manual, they were cursed by Bowser. They are mid-bosses that Mario and Luigi fight in fortresses found everywhere on Dinosaur Land. They are now found in the Mushroom Kingdom since their appearance in New Super Mario Bros. 2. Similar to how the Koopalings are named after various musicians, Reznor are named after Trent Reznor of the industrial rock band Nine Inch Nails.


Tatanga[aw] is an alien villain. His first appearance is in Super Mario Land on the Game Boy. In the game, he invades Sarasaland and kidnaps Princess Daisy in his spaceship.


Wart[ax] is an anthropomorphic frog king who debuted in 1987's Yume Kōjō: Doki Doki Panic. The game was converted into 1988's Super Mario Bros. 2 for its North American release. In both versions, Wart creates his own monsters with a device known as the "Dream Machine," appoints himself ruler of the land of Subcon, and enslaves its inhabitants. He has a severe weakness to vegetables.[17] Wart also made a cameo appearance in The Legend of Zelda: Link's Awakening with his original Japanese name.[18]


Wingo[ay] is the main antagonist in Captain Toad: Treasure Tracker. According to game director Shinya Hiratake, Wingo was based on crows, a species of bird stereotypically depicted as interested in shiny objects.[citation needed] He is first seen stealing a Power Star from Captain Toad and Toadette, and flies away while Toadette holds on to the star, thus capturing her.

Recurring enemies[edit]

Throughout their adventures, Mario and his friends face a number of enemies including these:

  • Angry Sun - A sentient Sun which tries to burn Mario by swooping down at him. In Super Mario Maker 2, there is a moon variant of this enemy which appears in the night theme and defeats all enemies when Mario touches it.
  • Blooper - A sentry-like squid that tries to corner and close in on its prey. Some Bloopers, known as Blooper Nannies, have smaller versions of themselves and will thrust them toward Mario.[19]
  • Bob-omb - A bomb enemy introduced in Super Mario Bros. 2 with a wind-up key and a fuse, which explodes after a set amount of time or when thrown.
Mural of a Boo in the Lo Espejo district of the capital Santiago from Chile.
  • Boo - A spherical ghost enemy introduced in Super Mario Bros. 3, which sneaks up on the player from behind while they are facing away from it. Inspired by a rage that Takashi Tezuka's wife went into after he came home from work late.[20]
  • Bullet Bill - A bullet with angry eyes and clenched fists that is shot out of a cannon called a "Bill Blaster". They have a larger counterpart with a shark-like face known as Banzai Bills.[19]
  • Buzzy Beetle - A black or blue beetle-like creature with a hard, fireproof shell that renders it immune to fire attacks.
  • Chain Chomp - A metallic ball-and-chain creature that lunges at Mario when he approaches it. Inspired by a childhood experience of Shigeru Miyamoto's with a violent dog.[21]
  • Cheep Cheep - A red, circular fish that made their first appearance in Super Mario Bros. They are found primarily in the water, but some can jump in an arc and fly within a limited range. There are many different species of Cheep-Cheeps, and they come in different colors, such as green, yellow, and purple. The giant variety of Cheep Cheep who leaps out of the water is known as Boss Bass (or alternatively Big Bass), while the giant variety who swims underwater is known as Big Bertha.
  • Dry Bones - A walking Koopa Troopa skeleton that reassembles itself after being hit. It can be only defeated by a Super Star, a Cape Feather, Super Leaf, and an Ice Flower.[19]
  • Fish Bone - A skeletal fish who charges at Mario when he gets close. It will break into parts if it collides with a wall.
  • Fuzzy - A spiked creature which hangs in the air and sometimes moves on trail. It makes its debut in Super Mario World.
  • Goomba - A sentient mushroom creature which is the first enemy that Mario typically encounters on his adventures. Implemented late in the development of Super Mario Bros. as a basic, easy-to-defeat enemy.[22] Variants of the Goomba may have wings, known as the Paragoomba, and similar creatures include the Galoomba, which flips over and can be thrown when stomped on, and the Goombrat, which turns at edges.
  • Hammer Bro - A type of helmet-wearing Koopa who throws hammers at Mario.[23] It has several variations that throw other projectiles, such as the Boomerang Bro and the Fire Bro, and a bigger variant known as a Sledge Bro which can stun Mario.[19]
  • Koopa Troopa - A foot soldier of Bowser. It retracts in its shell when stomped on, after which it can be used to attack other foes.[19] Variants of the Koopa may have wings, where it is known as the Koopa Paratroopa. There are many other varieties of the Koopa Troopa such as yellow, blue, and red.
  • Lakitu - A cloud-riding Koopa with aviator goggles that drops an endless supply of creatures called "Spinies".[19][24]
  • Lava Bubble - A fireball that jumps out of lava and can bounce off walls. It is also referred to as a Podoboo.
  • Magikoopa - A sorcerer Koopa capable of casting magic spells, turning blocks into foes, power-ups, and coins. It first appeared in Super Mario World. Often portrayed as underlings to Kamek.[19]
  • Mechakoopa - A robot with a wind-up key that becomes disabled and can be thrown when Mario stomps on it. A variant introduced in Super Mario Galaxy is capable of breathing fire.
  • Monty Mole - A mole-like enemy that burrows underground and springs out of the ground when the player gets close. A similar enemy known as the Rocky Wrench pops out of airship manholes and throws wrenches at the player.
  • Piranha Plant - A leafy, stalk-topped Venus flytrap with sharp teeth, that typically lives within pipes and tries to bite the player.[19] This enemy has made a cameo outside the franchise (in The Legend of Zelda: Link's Awakening),[25] and in 2019, it became a playable fighter in Super Smash Bros. Ultimate via downloadable content.[26] It was listed first in's list of the "Top 5 Enemy Plants" in video games.[27] It is occasionally referred to as a Packun Flower after the Japanese name. A Fire Piranha Plant, or a "Venus Fire Trap", behaves like a normal Piranha Plant, however it breathes fire. A type of Piranha Plant that appears in Super Mario Bros. 3 called Ptooie, a walking Piranha Plant that exhales air to lift a spiked ball.
  • Pokey - A spiked cactus with detachable green or yellow body segments which first appeared in the international Super Mario Bros. 2.[19]
  • Shy Guy - A timid masked creature wearing a robe, which comes in many different colors and variations. Introduced in the international Super Mario Bros. 2, but more commonly portrayed as an enemy to Yoshi since Yoshi's Island. Some variants include the Snifit, a Shy Guy with a cannon on its mask which it uses to fire bullets, and the Fly Guy, a Shy Guy with a propeller on its head that can fly.[19] Voiced by Nintendo of America localization manager Nate Bihldorff.[28]
  • Spike - A green Koopa creature that attacks with spiked balls which it throws out of its mouth. First appeared in Super Mario Bros. 3.[19]
  • Spike Top - A red wall-crawling beetle-like creature which combines the Buzzy Beetle's immunity to fire and the Spiny's immunity to being jumped on, although it can be spinned- jumped on.
  • Spiny - A red beetle-like creature that damages the player if touched from above. They are often thrown by Lakitus in unlimited supplies, but can also be found individually.
  • Thwomp - A large stone block with an angry face that is mainly encountered in castles. It attempts to crush the player, usually from above. There is a smaller variation of the Thwomp called a Thwimp.
  • Wiggler - A caterpillar enemy introduced in Super Mario World, which changes color and charges at the player when stomped on. Some Wigglers, known as Flutters, have butterfly wings.[19]


  1. ^ Japanese: マリオ Hepburn: Mario, [maɾi.o]
  2. ^ Japanese: ルイージ Hepburn: Ruīji, [ɾɯ.iːʑi]
  3. ^ Japanese: ピーチ姫 Hepburn: Pīchi-hime, [piːtɕi̥ çime]
  4. ^ Japanese: デイジー姫 Hepburn: Deijī-hime, [deːʑiː çime]
  5. ^ Japanese: ドンキーコング Hepburn: Donkī Kongu
  6. ^ Japanese: ディディーコング Hepburn: Didī Kongu
  7. ^ Japanese: ロゼッタ Hepburn: Rosetta
  8. ^ Japanese: キノピオ Hepburn: Kinopio
  9. ^ Japanese: キノピコ Hepburn: Kinopiko
  10. ^ Japanese: ヨッシー Hepburn: Yosshī, [joɕɕiː]
  11. ^ Japanese: キャサリン Hepburn: Kyasarin
  12. ^ Japanese: キノじい Hepburn: Kinojii
  13. ^ Japanese: キノピオ隊長 Hepburn: Kinopio Taichō
  14. ^ Japanese: ポリーン Hepburn: Porīn
  15. ^ Japanese: クッパ Hepburn: Kuppa
  16. ^ Japanese: ほねクッパ Hepburn: Hone Kuppa
  17. ^ Japanese: クッパJr. Hepburn: Kuppa Junia
  18. ^ Japanese: ワリオ Hepburn: Wario, [ɰaɾi.o]
  19. ^ Japanese: ワルイージ Hepburn: Waruīji, [ɰaɾɯ.iːʑi]
  20. ^ Japanese: コクッパ Hepburn: Kokuppa
  21. ^ Japanese: カメック Hepburn: Kamekku
  22. ^ Japanese: ブンブン Hepburn: Bunbun
  23. ^ Japanese: プンプン Hepburn: Punpun
  24. ^ Japanese: キングテレサ Hepburn: Kingu Teresa
  25. ^ Japanese: ベビィチコ Hepburn: Bebi Chiko
  26. ^ Japanese: キャッピー Hepburn: Kyappī
  27. ^ Japanese: ティアラ Hepburn: Tiara
  28. ^ Japanese: カッサー Hepburn: Kassā
  29. ^ Japanese: ハニークイーン Hepburn: Hanī Kuīn
  30. ^ Japanese: ドッシー Hepburn: Dosshī
  31. ^ Japanese: プレッシー Hepburn: Raidon
  32. ^ Japanese: ポチ Hepburn: Pochi
  33. ^ Japanese: オヤ・マー博士 Hepburn: Oya Mā Hakase
  34. ^ Japanese: おやまあ!
  35. ^ Japanese: トッテン Hepburn: Totten
  36. ^ Japanese: ようせい姫 Hepburn: Yōseihime
  37. ^ Japanese: キノピオ探検隊 Hepburn: Kinopio Tankentai
  38. ^ Japanese: ブルーダルズ Hepburn: Burūdaruzu
  39. ^ Japanese: マダム・ブルード Hepburn: Madame Broode
  40. ^ Japanese: ドラゴドン Hepburn: Doragodon
  41. ^ Japanese: ゲラゲモーナ Hepburn: Geragemōna
  42. ^ Japanese: ゲラコビッツ Hepburn: Gerakobittsu
  43. ^ Japanese: ボスパックン Hepburn: Bosu Pakkun
  44. ^ Japanese: ブラッキー Hepburn: Burakkī
  45. ^ Japanese: カメックババ Hepburn: Kamekkubaba
  46. ^ Japanese: ボムキング Hepburn: Bomu Kingu
  47. ^ Japanese: ミニクッパ Hepburn: Minikuppa
  48. ^ Japanese: ブイブイ Hepburn: Buibui
  49. ^ Japanese: 宇宙怪人タタンガ Hepburn: Uchū kaijin Tatanga
  50. ^ Japanese: マムー Hepburn: Mamū
  51. ^ Japanese: ウィンゴ Hepburn: Wingo


  1. ^ "Learn more about Princess Peach!". Retrieved 2020-05-12. This princess in pink rules over the Mushroom Kingdom.
  2. ^ "Daisy amiibo Figure by Nintendo - Super Mario Series". 4 November 2016. Retrieved 2020-04-29. She's got a gown and a crown, but this friendly princess is totally down to earth. Daisy's always ready for a challenge, whether she's smashing tennis balls or jumping over hurdles. The ruler of Sarasaland loves the thrill of the chase, too—especially when she's zooming around on a kart.
  3. ^ "Cranky Kong (Character)". Giant Bomb. Retrieved 2020-09-25.
  4. ^ Kohler, Chris (2009-06-12). "Miyamoto: Why I Spiked Mario Galaxy 2's Story". Wired. ISSN 1059-1028. Retrieved 2019-12-10. a princess from outer space and her family of talking stars
  5. ^ Reseigh-Lincoln, Dom (2018-02-22). "Super Mario Odyssey - Talk to Toad at the Castle, Archivist Toadette achievements and what to do in Super Mario Odyssey's end game". Eurogamer. Retrieved 2020-05-06.
  6. ^ McWhertor, Michael (2018-08-07). "Where Captain Toad: Treasure Tracker came from". Polygon. Retrieved 2020-04-29. "I really just want to make him someone that loves treasure and you can feel that from him,” Hiratake said. “I think honestly Captain Toad is someone that doesn’t really care what’s going on, but when he sees treasure he’s like, ‘I want it!’. “You know, I do question his loyalty to the Mushroom Kingdom a little bit. I think of him like a crow that loves shiny things or a moth to a flame. He just loves treasure so much that he can’t think about anything else — he’s just so happy finding treasure."—Game director Shinya Hiratake
  7. ^ "Donkey Kong". IGN. Retrieved 2010-07-06.
  8. ^ "Donkey Kong". IGN. Retrieved 2010-07-06.
  9. ^ Ray, Sheri Graner (2004). Gender inclusive game design ... - Google Books. ISBN 978-1-58450-239-5. Retrieved 2010-04-08.
  10. ^ Text technology: the journal of ... - Google Books. 2008-09-09. Retrieved 2010-04-08.
  11. ^ Lind, Rebecca Ann (2009-09-03). Race, gender, media: considering ... - Google Books. ISBN 978-0-205-34419-2. Retrieved 2010-04-08.
  12. ^ Super Mario Bros. Instruction Manual. Nintendo. 1985. p. 14. Bowser, King of the Koopas
  13. ^ Mozuch, Mo (2018-10-05). "'Super Mario Party' Character List: How to Unlock Pom Pom and Others". Newsweek. Archived from the original on 2018-10-05. Retrieved 2018-08-09.
  14. ^ "Inside Zelda". Nintendo Power. Vol. 201. March 2006. pp. 46–48.
  15. ^ "MARIO KART - Double Dash!! The strongest character lineup of history". Nintendo. Retrieved 2008-07-06.
  16. ^ Drake, Audrey. "Weirdest Mario Characters". IGN. Retrieved 18 September 2016.
  17. ^ Super Mario All-Stars instruction booklet. Nintendo.
  18. ^ "Top 20 Nintendo Cameos". GamesRadar. Archived from the original on 2014-05-04. Retrieved 2011-09-16.
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Drake, Audrey. "Mario's Best Enemies". IGN. Retrieved September 9, 2016.
  20. ^ Stuart, Keith (2010-09-13). "Super Mario Bros: 25 Mario facts for the 25th anniversary | Technology |". Guardian. Retrieved 2012-09-15.
  21. ^ Sheff, David (1993). Game Over. Random House. ISBN 0-679-40469-4.
  22. ^ Eurogamer (7 September 2015). "Miyamoto on World 1-1: How Nintendo made Mario's most iconic level" – via YouTube.
  23. ^ Chris Buffet (2008-10-03). "Top 25 Mario Enemies". GameDaily. p. 21. Archived from the original on 2008-10-07. Retrieved 2010-08-10.
  24. ^ Chris Buffet (2008-10-03). "Top 25 Mario Enemies". GameDaily. p. 20. Archived from the original on 2008-10-07. Retrieved 2010-08-10.
  25. ^ Caoili, Eric (June 22, 2007). "The plant has his time". Joystiq. Archived from the original on 2015-01-28. Retrieved 2011-02-04.
  26. ^ Buckley, Sean; Jackson, Ryan. "Super Smash Bros. Ultimate: Piranha Plant DLC is Available Now". CNET. Retrieved April 13, 2019.
  27. ^ Wolinsky, David (January 14, 2011). "Top 5 Enemy Plants". Archived from the original on November 5, 2016. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
  28. ^ "Interview with Nate Bihldorff". Shinesparkers. February 23, 2011. Archived from the original on July 14, 2014. Retrieved June 11, 2014.

External links[edit]