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List of Marvel Cinematic Universe films

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Marvel Cinematic Universe films
Marvel Cinematic Universe - Phase One.jpg
Packaging for the Marvel Cinematic Universe – Phase One: Avengers Assembled
Blu-ray box set
Produced by
Based on Characters published
by Marvel Comics
Starring See below
Production
company
Distributed by
Release dates
2008–present
Country United States
Language English
Budget Total (14 films):
$2.53 billion
Box office Total (14 films):
$10.7 billion

The Marvel Cinematic Universe (MCU) films are an American series of superhero films, based on characters that appear in publications by Marvel Comics. The films have been in production since 2007, and in that time Marvel Studios has produced 14 films, with 11 more in various stages of production. The series has collectively grossed over $10.7 billion at the global box office, making it the highest-grossing film franchise of all-time.

Kevin Feige has produced every film in the Marvel Cinematic Universe. Avi Arad served as a producer on the two 2008 releases, and Gale Anne Hurd also produced The Incredible Hulk. Amy Pascal is set to produce Spider-Man: Homecoming. The films are written and directed by a variety of individuals and feature large, often ensemble, casts. Many of the actors, including Robert Downey, Jr., Chris Evans, Chris Hemsworth, Samuel L. Jackson and Scarlett Johansson signed contracts to star in numerous films.

The first film in the Marvel Cinematic Universe was Iron Man (2008), which was distributed by Paramount Pictures. Paramount also distributed Iron Man 2 (2010), Thor (2011) and Captain America: The First Avenger (2011), while Universal Pictures distributed The Incredible Hulk (2008). Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures began distributing the films with the 2012 crossover film The Avengers,[1][2] which concluded Phase One of the franchise. Phase Two includes Iron Man 3 (2013), Thor: The Dark World (2013), Captain America: The Winter Soldier (2014), Guardians of the Galaxy (2014), Avengers: Age of Ultron (2015), and Ant-Man (2015).

Captain America: Civil War (2016) is the first film in the franchise's Phase Three, and is followed by Doctor Strange (2016), with Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2 (2017), Spider-Man: Homecoming (2017), Thor: Ragnarok (2017), Black Panther (2018), Avengers: Infinity War (2018), Ant-Man and the Wasp (2018), Captain Marvel (2019), an untitled Avengers sequel (2019) and three untitled films in 2020 planned. Sony Pictures will distribute Spider-Man: Homecoming in 2017 and any subsequent Spider-Man films, which they will continue to own, finance, and have final creative control over.[3]

Phase One: Avengers Assembled[edit]

Film[4][5] U.S. release date Director Screenwriter(s) Producer(s)
Iron Man May 2, 2008 (2008-05-02) Jon Favreau[6] Mark Fergus & Hawk Ostby and Art Marcum & Matt Holloway[6][7] Avi Arad and Kevin Feige
The Incredible Hulk June 13, 2008 (2008-06-13) Louis Leterrier[8] Zak Penn[9] Avi Arad, Gale Anne Hurd and Kevin Feige
Iron Man 2 May 7, 2010 (2010-05-07) Jon Favreau[10] Justin Theroux[11] Kevin Feige
Thor May 6, 2011 (2011-05-06) Kenneth Branagh[12] Ashley Edward Miller & Zack Stentz and Don Payne[13]
Captain America: The First Avenger July 22, 2011 (2011-07-22) Joe Johnston[14] Christopher Markus & Stephen McFeely[15]
Marvel's The Avengers May 4, 2012 (2012-05-04) Joss Whedon[16]

Iron Man (2008)[edit]

Main article: Iron Man (2008 film)
Avi Arad, who helped secure early financing,[17] produced Iron Man and The Incredible Hulk.

Billionaire industrialist Tony Stark builds himself a suit of armor after he is taken captive by a terrorist organization. Free from his captors, he decides to upgrade and don his armor as Iron Man in order to hunt down weapons that were sold under the table.[18]

In April 2006, Marvel hired Jon Favreau to direct Iron Man,[6] with Arthur Marcum & Matt Holloway, and Mark Fergus & Hawk Ostby writing competing scripts.[6][19] Favreau consolidated both into one script, which was then polished by John August.[7] Robert Downey, Jr. was cast in the title role in September 2006, after growing out a goatee and working out to convince the filmmakers he was right for the part.[20] Principal photography began on March 12, 2007,[21] with the first few weeks spent on Stark's captivity in Afghanistan,[22] which was filmed in Inyo County, California.[23] Production also occurred on the former Hughes Company soundstages in Playa Vista, Los Angeles, California,[24] with additional filming at Edwards Air Force Base[25] and Caesars Palace in Las Vegas, Nevada.[26] Iron Man premiered at the Greater Union theater in George Street, Sydney, on April 14, 2008,[27] and was released internationally on April 30, and in North America on May 2.[28][29]

The film ends with a post-credits scene featuring Samuel L. Jackson as Nick Fury, who approaches Stark regarding the "Avenger Initiative". Favreau said that he included the scene as "a little tip of the hat for the fans...a way to sort of tee up The Avengers." Jackson was only on set for a day, with a skeletal crew to avoid the news of his cameo leaking.[30] Captain America's shield is also visible in the background of a scene; it was added by an ILM artist as a joke, and Favreau decided to leave it in the film.[31]

The Incredible Hulk (2008)[edit]

After being exposed to gamma radiation that causes him to transform into the monstrous Hulk, scientist Bruce Banner goes on the run and isolates himself from his love, Betty Ross. Hunted by the military, Banner seeks to cure himself and prevent his condition from being weaponized.[32]

In January 2006,[33] Marvel reclaimed the film rights for the Hulk character from Universal Pictures after Universal failed to meet a deadline to develop a sequel to director Ang Lee's 2003 film Hulk.[34] Universal retained distribution rights for future Hulk films.[34] Instead of moving forward with a sequel, Marvel hired Louis Leterrier to direct The Incredible Hulk, a reboot.[8] Leterrier initially turned down the job out of respect for Lee, but later reconsidered and signed on.[8] The script was written by Zak Penn, who drafted a treatment for the 2003 film.[35] In April 2006, Edward Norton entered negotiations to portray Bruce Banner and rewrite Penn's script,[36] although Penn received sole credit for the screenplay.[9] Production began on July 9, 2007 and filming primarily took place in Toronto,[37] with additional filming in New York City and Rio de Janeiro.[38] The film premiered at the Gibson Amphitheatre on June 8, 2008, and was released on June 13.[39][40]

Downey briefly reprised his role from Iron Man as Tony Stark in a cameo appearance at the end of the film. Downey said that the filmmakers "were just cross-pollinating our superheroes. It happens to be a scene where I basically approach [actor William Hurt's character General Ross], and we may be considering going into some sort of limited partnership together. The great thing is he—and I don't want to give too much away—but he's in disrepair at the time I find him. It was really fun seeing him play this really powerful character who's half in the bag."[41] In addition, Captain America is briefly seen frozen in ice in an alternate opening of the film, included in the DVD release.[42]

Iron Man 2 (2010)[edit]

Main article: Iron Man 2
Jon Favreau, the director of Iron Man and Iron Man 2, helped establish the shared universe concept with his inclusion of Samuel L. Jackson in a post-credits scene of the first film.

After Tony Stark reveals himself to be Iron Man, the U.S. government demands he hand over his technology. Meanwhile, a rival industrialist and a Russian scientist conspire to use his own technology against him.[43]

Immediately following the successful release of Iron Man in May 2008, Marvel Studios announced it was developing a sequel, Iron Man 2.[44] Favreau returned as director[10] and Justin Theroux was hired to write the screenplay, which would be based on an original story by Favreau and Downey.[11] In October 2008, Downey signed a new four-picture deal, that retroactively included the first film, to reprise his role and Don Cheadle was hired to replace Terrance Howard as James Rhodes.[45][46] Jackson signed on to reprise his role as Nick Fury from the Iron Man post-credits sequence in up to nine films,[47] and Scarlett Johansson was cast as the Black Widow, as part of a multi-film commitment.[48] Principal photography began April 6, 2009,[49] at the Pasadena Masonic Temple in Pasadena, California.[50] The majority of filming took place at Raleigh Studios in Manhattan Beach, California.[51] Other locations included Edwards Air Force Base,[52] Monaco,[53] and the Sepulveda Dam.[51] Iron Man 2 premiered at the El Capitan Theatre in Los Angeles, California on April 26, 2010,[54] and was released internationally between April 28 and May 7 before releasing in North America on May 7.[55]

The filmmakers continued to reference other Marvel films by again including Captain America's shield. Favreau explained, "We introduced Captain America's shield briefly in one shot in the last film. So now it really was in his room, so we had to figure out how to deal with the reality that the shield was in his workshop."[31] A scene toward the end of Iron Man 2 in a S.H.I.E.L.D. safe house contains several Easter eggs, ranging from footage from The Incredible Hulk displayed on a monitor to pointers on a map indicating several locales related to other Marvel films, including one pointing toward a region of Africa in reference to the Black Panther.[56] The film's post-credits scene showed the discovery of Thor's hammer in a crater.[57]

Thor (2011)[edit]

Main article: Thor (film)

Thor, crown prince of Asgard, is banished to Earth and stripped of his powers after he reignites a dormant war. As his brother, Loki, plots to take the throne for himself, Thor must prove himself worthy and reclaim his hammer Mjolnir.[58]

Mark Protosevich was hired to develop a script for Thor in April 2006, after the rights were acquired from Sony Pictures.[6] In August 2007 Marvel hired Matthew Vaughn to direct the film,[59] however he exited the project in May 2008.[60] In September 2008, Kenneth Branagh entered into negotiations to replace Vaughn.[12] In May 2009, Chris Hemsworth was in negotiations to portray the titular character,[61] and Tom Hiddleston was set to play his brother, Loki.[62] Both actors were contracted to star in several films.[63] Marvel hired Ashley Edward Miller & Zack Stentz to write a new script for the film, which was then rewritten by Don Payne.[13] Production began on January 11, 2010 in Los Angeles, California,[64] before moving to Galisteo, New Mexico in March.[65] Thor had its world premiere on April 17, 2011 at the Event Cinemas theatre in George Street, Sydney[66] and a U.S. premiere on May 2 at the El Capitan Theatre in Los Angeles, California.[67] The film was released internationally from April 21 to 30, and on May 6 in North America.[68]

Clark Gregg, who appeared in Iron Man and Iron Man 2 as S.H.I.E.L.D. agent Phil Coulson, reprised the role in Thor. About his role in Thor he stated, "Agent Coulson was one of the guys who wasn't really in the comic books, and he [had] a very kind of small role in Iron Man. And I was just very lucky that they chose to expand that character and [chose] to put him more into the universe of it."[69] After signing on to appear as Hawkeye in The Avengers, Jeremy Renner made a cameo appearance as the character during a scene in Thor.[70] Branagh said that they "were always going to have a guy in a basket above the action where Thor breaks in the S.H.I.E.L.D. camp", and that he was thrilled when the producers told him they wanted to use Renner's Hawkeye for that role.[71] The film ends with a post-credits scene featuring Loki, watching as Erik Selvig and Nick Fury discuss the Tesseract.[72] The scene was directed by Joss Whedon, who directed The Avengers.[73] Stellan Skarsgård, who played Selvig, said the scene was not included when he first read the screenplay for Thor, and that he was sent pages for the scene after agreeing to appear in The Avengers.[74]

Captain America: The First Avenger (2011)[edit]

In 1942, Steve Rogers is deemed physically unfit to enlist in the U.S. Army and fight the Nazis in World War II. Recruited for a secret military operation, he is physically transformed into a super-soldier dubbed Captain America and must battle the Red Skull, head of a Nazi weaponry division known as Hydra.[75]

In April 2006, Marvel hired David Self to write the script for a Captain America film.[6] Joe Johnston signed on to direct in November 2008,[14] and Christopher Markus & Stephen McFeely were hired to rewrite the script.[15] In March 2010, Chris Evans was cast as Captain America and Hugo Weaving was cast as the Red Skull.[76] Production began on June 28, 2010 in the United Kingdom,[77] with locations in London,[78] Caerwent,[79] Manchester and Liverpool.[80] The film premiered on July 19, 2011, at the El Capitan Theatre in Los Angeles, California,[81] and was released in North America on July 22, and in international markets starting July 27.[82]

The Tesseract from the Thor post-credits scene appears as a MacGuffin in Captain America: The First Avenger.[83] In the film, Dominic Cooper portrays a young Howard Stark, the father of Tony Stark,[84] who hosts an early version of the Stark Expo, the fair Tony hosts in Iron Man 2.[85] The final scene of the film includes a brief appearance by Jackson's Nick Fury followed by a teaser trailer for Marvel's The Avengers after the credits.[86]

Marvel's The Avengers (2012)[edit]

Nick Fury, the director of S.H.I.E.L.D., gathers the superheroes Iron Man, Thor, Captain America, the Hulk, Black Widow and Hawkeye to fight Thor's brother Loki, who plots to subjugate the Earth.[87]

Zak Penn, who wrote The Incredible Hulk, was hired to write a script for The Avengers in June 2007.[88] In April 2010, Joss Whedon closed a deal to direct the film, and to rework Penn's script.[16] Marvel announced that Edward Norton would not be reprising the role of Bruce Banner / Hulk,[89] and in July 2010, Mark Ruffalo was cast in his place.[90] Downey, Evans, Hemsworth, Johansson, Renner, Hiddleston and Jackson reprised their respective roles from previous films.[91] Principal photography began in April 2011 in Albuquerque, New Mexico,[87] before moving to Cleveland, Ohio in August,[92] and New York City in September.[93] The premiere was held on April 11, 2012 at the El Capitan Theatre in Los Angeles, California,[94] and the film was released in North America on May 4.[95]

Gwyneth Paltrow, who portrayed Pepper Potts in Iron Man and Iron Man 2, was included in the film at Downey's insistence. Prior to this, Whedon had not intended the film to include supporting characters from the heroes' individual films, commenting, "You need to separate the characters from their support systems in order to create the isolation you need for a team."[96] Avi Arad said that Sony Pictures and Disney discussed incorporating the OsCorp Tower from the The Amazing Spider-Man into the climax of The Avengers,[97] but Feige said that "the deal was never close to happening."[98] The supervillain Thanos appears in a mid-credits scene, portrayed by Damion Poitier.[99]

Phase Two[edit]

Film[4][5][100] U.S. release date Director(s) Screenwriter(s) Producer
Iron Man 3 May 3, 2013 (2013-05-03) Shane Black[101] Drew Pearce and Shane Black[101][102] Kevin Feige
Thor: The Dark World November 8, 2013 (2013-11-08) Alan Taylor[103] Christopher Yost and Christopher Markus & Stephen McFeely[104]
Captain America: The Winter Soldier April 4, 2014 (2014-04-04) Anthony and Joe Russo[105] Christopher Markus & Stephen McFeely[106]
Guardians of the Galaxy August 1, 2014 (2014-08-01) James Gunn[107] James Gunn and Nicole Perlman[108]
Avengers: Age of Ultron May 1, 2015 (2015-05-01) Joss Whedon[109]
Ant-Man July 17, 2015 Peyton Reed[110] Edgar Wright & Joe Cornish and Adam McKay & Paul Rudd[111]

Iron Man 3 (2013)[edit]

Main article: Iron Man 3
Kevin Feige has produced every film in the Marvel Cinematic Universe.

Tony Stark faces a powerful enemy, the Mandarin, who attacks and destroys his mansion. Left to his own devices and battling posttraumatic stress disorder, Stark struggles to get to the bottom of a series of mysterious explosions.[112]

In late 2010, Marvel and Disney announced that they were developing a third Iron Man film.[113] In February 2011, Marvel hired Shane Black to direct Iron Man 3.[114] Black co-wrote the film's script with Drew Pearce.[101][102] Downey, Paltrow, and Cheadle reprised their roles from Iron Man 2, while Guy Pearce and Ben Kingsley joined the cast as Aldrich Killian and Trevor Slattery, respectively.[115] Filming began in May 2012, in North Carolina.[116] Additional filming took place in southern Florida,[117] China,[118] and Los Angeles.[119] Iron Man 3 premiered at Le Grand Rex in Paris, France on April 14, 2013 and at the El Capitan Theatre in Los Angeles, California on April 24.[120][121] The film released internationally on April 25[122] and in the U.S. on May 3.[113]

The film is set six months after the events that occurred in The Avengers.[123] In the film Tony Stark experiences PTSD-like symptoms following the Battle of New York in The Avengers. Black explained, "that's an anxiety response to feeling inferior to The Avengers, but also to being humbled by sights he cannot possibly begin to understand or reconcile with the realities he's used to... There's a line in the movie about 'ever since that big guy with the hammer fell out of the sky, the rules have changed'. That's what we're dealing with here."[124] Dr. Bruce Banner appears in a post-credits scene, with Ruffalo reprising the role. About the scene, Ruffalo said "They were about to wrap the movie and I saw Robert [Downey, Jr.] at the Academy Awards... and he said, 'What do you think about coming and doing a day?' I said, 'Are you kidding me? Bang, lets do it!' We sort of spitballed that scene, then I came in and we shot for a couple of hours and laughed."[125]

Thor: The Dark World (2013)[edit]

Main article: Thor: The Dark World

Thor reunites with astrophysicist Jane Foster as a series of portals, linking worlds at random, begin to appear. He discovers that Malekith and his army of Dark Elves have returned after thousands of years, and they seek a powerful weapon known as the Aether. Thor must join forces with his now-imprisoned brother Loki to stop them.[104]

A sequel to Thor was first announced in June 2011, with Hemsworth reprising his role as Thor.[126] Hiddleston confirmed he would return as Loki in September,[127] and Alan Taylor signed on to direct the film in December.[103] The film's title was announced as Thor: The Dark World in July 2012 at the San Diego Comic-Con International,[128] and Christopher Eccleston was cast as Malekith a month later.[129] Production started in September 2012 in Bourne Wood, Surrey,[130] with additional filming taking place in Iceland and London.[131][132] The film premiered at the Odeon Leicester Square in London on October 22, 2013.[133] It was internationally released on October 30, 2013 and on November 8, 2013 in North America.[134]

The film is set one year after the events of The Avengers.[135] Evans briefly makes a cameo appearance in the film as Captain America when Loki shapeshifts into him while mocking Thor.[136] Hiddleston wore the Captain America costume while standing in for Evans, before Evans came to shoot the scene. Hiddleston said, "I did an impression of Loki in the Captain America costume, and then they showed Chris [Evans] my performance on tape. It's him doing an impression of me doing an impression of him. And it's brilliant."[136] James Gunn, the director of Guardians of the Galaxy, directed the mid-credits scene which featured the Collector, played by Benicio del Toro. Asked about shooting the scene, Gunn said, "I got the script that morning, and I did it in two hours at the end of a day of second unit shooting [for Guardians of the Galaxy]."[137]

Captain America: The Winter Soldier (2014)[edit]

Steve Rogers, now working with S.H.I.E.L.D., teams up with Natasha Romanoff / Black Widow and Sam Wilson / Falcon to expose a deep conspiracy which involves a mysterious assassin known only as the Winter Soldier.[138]

A sequel to 2011's Captain America: The First Avenger was announced in April 2012.[139] Anthony and Joe Russo were hired to direct in June,[105] and in July it was officially titled Captain America: The Winter Soldier.[128] Evans and Jackson were set to reprise their respective roles as Captain America and Nick Fury,[105] and Johansson would again play the Black Widow.[140] Sebastian Stan, who portrayed Bucky in Captain America: The First Avenger, returned as the Winter Soldier.[141] Production started in April 2013 in Manhattan Beach, California, and filming also took place in Washington, D.C. and Cleveland, Ohio.[142][143] The film premiered in Los Angeles on March 13, 2014.[144] Captain America: The Winter Soldier was released internationally on March 26[145] and in North America on April 4.[139]

The film is set two years after the events of The Avengers.[123] Stephen Strange, the alter-ego of the Marvel superhero Doctor Strange, is mentioned by name in the film by the character Jasper Sitwell.[146] A remodeled Stark Tower from The Avengers, now known as Avengers Tower, also makes an appearance in the film.[147] Whedon directed a post-credits scene featuring Baron Wolfgang von Strucker (Thomas Kretschmann), Dr. List (Henry Goodman), Quicksilver (Aaron Taylor-Johnson), and the Scarlet Witch (Elizabeth Olsen), who appear in Avengers: Age of Ultron.[148][149] The revelation in the film that S.H.I.E.L.D. had been infiltrated by Hydra informed the final six episodes of the first season of Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D., a television series set in the MCU.[150][151]

Guardians of the Galaxy (2014)[edit]

Peter Quill / Star-Lord and a group of misfits, including Gamora, Rocket, Drax the Destroyer and Groot, fight to keep a powerful orb from the clutches of the villainous Ronan.[152][153][154]

Nicole Perlman began writing a screenplay in 2009.[155] Marvel Studios announced it was developing a Guardians of the Galaxy film in July 2012.[128] The film is directed by James Gunn, based on his and Perlman's screenplay.[107] In February 2013, Chris Pratt was cast in the lead role, as Peter Quill / Star-Lord.[156] The film was shot at Shepperton Studios and in London from July to October 2013,[157] and post-production work was completed on July 7, 2014.[158] The film premiered on July 21, 2014 in Hollywood.[159] Guardians of the Galaxy was released in the United Kingdom on July 31, 2014,[160] and in North America on August 1.[128]

Josh Brolin provides the voice and performance capture for Thanos,[161] the supervillain who appeared in The Avengers mid-credits scene. Gunn noted that the film would be connected to Avengers: Infinity War.[162] Several other objects of significance appear in the Collector's museum, including a Chitauri from The Avengers and a Dark Elf from Thor: The Dark World, among other characters. About their appearances Gunn said, "There's a lot of stuff in the Collector's Museum. And for me, it was mostly just really fun. As a Marvel fan, giving the actual fans something that they can freeze frame on their Blu-Ray at home and just kind of pick out everything that's in there. So there are, I mean, seriously all those boxes have something interesting in them, so it's pretty fun."[163] Ronan's race, the Kree, were first introduced in the Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. episode "T.A.H.I.T.I.".[164][165]

Avengers: Age of Ultron (2015)[edit]

Joss Whedon, writer and director of The Avengers and Avengers: Age of Ultron.

Iron Man, Captain America, Thor, the Hulk, Black Widow, and Hawkeye must work together as the Avengers to defeat Ultron, a technological enemy bent on human extinction, while encountering the powerful twins Pietro and Wanda Maximoff, as well as the new entity Vision.[166][167]

A sequel to The Avengers was announced by Disney in May 2012, shortly after the first film's release.[168] In August 2012, Joss Whedon was signed to return as writer and director.[109] In June 2013, Downey signed a deal to reprise the role of Iron Man for the second and third Avengers films.[169] On July 20, 2013, at San Diego Comic-Con International, Whedon announced that the subtitle of the film would be Age of Ultron.[170] In August 2013, James Spader was announced as portraying Ultron.[171] Second unit filming began on February 11, 2014 in Johannesburg, South Africa.[172][173] Principal photography began in March 2014 at Shepperton Studios in Surrey, England,[169][174] with additional footage filmed at Fort Bard and various other locations in the Aosta Valley region of Italy,[175] and Seoul, South Korea.[176] Filming was completed on August 6, 2014.[177] Avengers: Age of Ultron had its world premiere in Los Angeles on April 13, 2015,[178] and was released internationally beginning April 22,[179] and on May 1 in North America.[180]

The film confirms that the gem in Loki's scepter is an Infinity Stone, specifically the Mind Stone, and Brolin reappears as Thanos in the mid-credit scene wielding an Infinity Gauntlet.[181] It also features references to Vibranium and Wakanda, both connections to Black Panther, introducing both to the universe ahead of Black Panther's solo film. Additionally, Andy Serkis portrays Ulysses Klaue in the film, traditionally a Black Panther antagonist.[182]

Ant-Man (2015)[edit]

Main article: Ant-Man (film)

Thief Scott Lang must aid his mentor Dr. Hank Pym in safeguarding the mystery of the Ant-Man technology, which allows its user to decrease in size but increase in strength, from various menaces and plot a heist to defend the Earth.[110]

Ant-Man is directed by Peyton Reed with a screenplay written by Edgar Wright & Joe Cornish and Adam McKay & Paul Rudd, from a story by Wright & Cornish, that includes both Scott Lang and Hank Pym.[110][111] Edgar Wright was initially slated to direct and write the film, but left the project in May 2014 due to creative differences.[183][184] In January 2013, Feige stated that Ant-Man would be the first film in Phase Three of the Marvel Cinematic Universe.[185] However, in October 2014, it was revealed that the film would be the last film of Phase Two.[100] Pre-production started in October 2013,[186] and principal photography took place from August to December 2014[187] in San Francisco,[188] Fayette County, Georgia at Pinewood Atlanta,[189] and Downtown Atlanta.[190] In December 2013, Rudd was cast as Ant-Man,[191] followed in January 2014 with the casting of Michael Douglas as Pym and the confirmation of Rudd as Lang.[192] Ant-Man had its world premiere in Los Angeles on June 29, 2015,[193] and was released in France on July 14,[194] and in North America on July 17.[195]

The film is set several months after the events of Avengers: Age of Ultron.[196] Scott Lang attempts to infiltrate the new Avengers headquarters in Upstate New York featured in Age of Ultron, and confronts Sam Wilson / Falcon, played by Anthony Mackie. McKay and Rudd decided to add Falcon to Ant-Man after watching Captain America: The Winter Soldier.[197] The Russo brothers filmed the post-credit scene, which was footage from Captain America: Civil War,[198][199] and features Falcon (Mackie), Captain America (Chris Evans) and Bucky Barnes / Winter Soldier (Sebastian Stan).[200]

Phase Three[edit]

Film[100][201][202] U.S. release date Director(s) Screenwriter(s) Producer
Captain America: Civil War May 6, 2016 (2016-05-06) Anthony and Joe Russo[203] Christopher Markus & Stephen McFeely[203] Kevin Feige
Doctor Strange November 4, 2016 (2016-11-04) Scott Derrickson[204] Jon Spaihts and Scott Derrickson & C. Robert Cargill[205]

Captain America: Civil War (2016)[edit]

Anthony and Joe Russo, directors of Captain America: The Winter Soldier and Captain America: Civil War, are scheduled to return for Avengers: Infinity War and its sequel.

The Avengers become fractured into two opposing teams, one led by Captain America and another by Iron Man, after extensive collateral damage prompts politicians to pass an act regulating superhuman activity with government oversight and accountability for the Avengers.[206][207]

By January 2014, Anthony and Joe Russo had signed on to return to direct a third Captain America installment, which they confirmed in March 2014, with Chris Evans returning as Captain America, Feige returning to produce, and Christopher Markus & Stephen McFeely writing the screenplay.[208][203] In October 2014, the title was officially announced as Captain America: Civil War along with the reveal that Downey would appear in the film as Tony Stark / Iron Man.[209][210] The film is intended to be adapted from the "Civil War" storyline in the comics.[211] It is also the first film of Phase Three.[100][201][212] Filming began in April 2015 at Pinewood Atlanta,[213][214] and concluded in August 2015.[215] Captain America: Civil War had its premiere in Hollywood on April 12, 2016,[216] was released internationally beginning April 27,[217] and was released on May 6 in North America.[218]

The film is set one year after the events of Avengers: Age of Ultron.[219] Captain America: Civil War introduces Tom Holland as Peter Parker / Spider-Man and Chadwick Boseman as T'Challa / Black Panther to the MCU, who are scheduled to appear in solo films in 2017 and 2018, respectively.[220][221] For the mid-credits scene, in which Black Panther offers Captain America and Bucky Barnes asylum in Wakanda, Joe and Anthony Russo received input from Black Panther director Ryan Coogler on the look and design of Wakanda.[222]

Doctor Strange (2016)[edit]

Main article: Doctor Strange (film)

After Stephen Strange, the world's top neurosurgeon, is involved in a car accident that ruins his career, he sets out on a journey of healing, where he encounters the Ancient One.[223][224]

In June 2010, Thomas Dean Donnelly and Joshua Oppenheimer were hired to write the screenplay for a film starring the character Doctor Strange.[225] In January 2013, Kevin Feige confirmed that Doctor Strange would be a part of their Phase Three slate of films.[226] In June 2014, Scott Derrickson was hired to direct.[204] In December 2014, Benedict Cumberbatch was cast in the eponymous role, and Jon Spaihts was confirmed to rewrite the script.[227][228] In December 2015, C. Robert Cargill revealed he was a co-writer on the film,[229] and the following April, revealed that Derrickson also wrote the script.[230] Pre-production began in June 2014,[231] with filming beginning in November 2015 in Nepal, before moving to Longcross Studios in the UK later in the month.[232][233] Filming concluded in New York City in April 2016.[234][235] Doctor Strange had its premiere in Hong Kong on October 13, 2016,[236] and was released in the United States on November 4, 2016.[210]

Derrickson stated that the events of the film take "roughly" a year, ending "up to date with the rest of the MCU". Doctor Strange introduces the Eye of Agamotto, a mystical relic that can manipulate time and is revealed to be an Infinity Stone at the end of the film,[237] specifically the Time Stone.[238] The film's mid-credits scene features a cameo appearance by Hemsworth as Thor, meeting with Strange to set up the events of Thor: Ragnarok. The scene was directed by Ragnarok director Taika Waititi.[238]

Recurring cast and characters[edit]

List indicator(s)

  • This table only includes characters which have appeared in multiple film franchises within the Marvel Cinematic Universe, and have appeared in the billing block for at least two films. (see FAQ)
  • A dark grey cell indicates the character was not in the franchise, or that the character's presence in a film of the franchise has not yet been announced.
  • A V indicates a voice-only role
Character Ant-Man films Avengers films Black Panther Captain America films Doctor Strange Guardians of the Galaxy films The Incredible Hulk Iron Man films Spider-Man: Homecoming Thor films
Bruce Banner
Hulk
  Mark Ruffalo[90]   Edward Norton[36]
Lou FerrignoV [239]
Mark Ruffalo[125]   Mark Ruffalo[240]
James "Bucky" Barnes
Winter Soldier
Sebastian Stan[200][241]   Sebastian Stan[242]  
Clint Barton
Hawkeye
  Jeremy Renner[91]   Jeremy Renner[243]   Jeremy Renner[70]
Peggy Carter Hayley Atwell[244][245]   Hayley Atwell[242]  
Nick Fury   Samuel L. Jackson[246]   Samuel L. Jackson[246]   Samuel L. Jackson[30]   Samuel L. Jackson[246]
Heimdall   Idris Elba[247]   Idris Elba[248]
Maria Hill   Cobie Smulders[249]   Cobie Smulders[250]  
Scott Lang
Ant-Man
Paul Rudd[251]   Paul Rudd[206]  
Loki   Tom Hiddleston[252]   Tom Hiddleston[62]
Wanda Maximoff
Scarlet Witch
  Elizabeth Olsen[253]   Elizabeth Olsen[149]  
Peter Parker
Spider-Man
  Tom Holland[220]   Tom Holland[254]  
Virginia "Pepper" Potts   Gwyneth Paltrow[96]   Gwyneth Paltrow[255]  
Peter Quill
Star-Lord
Chris Pratt[256] Chris Pratt[156]
James "Rhodey" Rhodes
War Machine
/ Iron Patriot
  Don Cheadle[257]   Don Cheadle[206]   Terrence Howard[255]
Don Cheadle[258]
 
Steve Rogers
Captain America
Chris Evans[200][76]   Chris Evans[76]   Chris Evans[136]
Natasha Romanoff
Black Widow
  Scarlett Johansson[48]   Scarlett Johansson[140]   Scarlett Johansson[48]  
Thaddeus "Thunderbolt" Ross   William Hurt[206]   William Hurt[239]  
Erik Selvig   Stellan Skarsgård[74]   Stellan Skarsgård[74]
Tony Stark
Iron Man
  Robert Downey, Jr.[45]   Robert Downey, Jr.[209]   Robert Downey, Jr.[209][41][20][259]  
Stephen Strange
Doctor Strange
  Benedict Cumberbatch[260] Benedict Cumberbatch[227] Benedict Cumberbatch[238]
T'Challa
Black Panther
  Chadwick Boseman[221]  
Thor   Chris Hemsworth[91]   Chris Hemsworth[238]   Chris Hemsworth[61]
Hope van Dyne
Wasp
Evangeline Lilly[261][262]  
Vision   Paul Bettany[263]   Paul Bettany[206]  
Sam Wilson
Falcon
Anthony Mackie[264][265]   Anthony Mackie[266]  

Home media[edit]

In June 2012, Marvel announced a 10-disc box set titled "Marvel Cinematic Universe: Phase One – Avengers Assembled", for release on September 25, 2012. The box set includes all six of the Phase One films—Iron Man, The Incredible Hulk, Iron Man 2, Thor, Captain America: The First Avenger, and Marvel's The Avengers—on Blu-ray and Blu-ray 3D, in a replica of Nick Fury's briefcase from The Avengers.[267] In August 2012, luggage company Rimowa GmbH, who developed the briefcase for The Avengers, filed suit against Marvel Studios and Buena Vista Home Entertainment in U.S. federal court, complaining that "Marvel did not obtain any license or authorization from Rimowa to make replica copies of the cases for any purpose".[268] The set was delayed to early 2013 for the packaging to be redesigned.[269] The box set, with a redesigned case, was released on April 2, 2013. In addition, the box set included a featurette on the then-upcoming Phase Two films, showing footage and concept art, as well as previously unreleased deleted scenes from all of the Phase One films.[270]

In July 2015, Marvel announced a 13-disc box set titled "Marvel Cinematic Universe: Phase Two Collection", for release on December 8, 2015, exclusive to Amazon.com. The box set includes all six of the Phase Two films—Iron Man 3, Thor: The Dark World, Captain America: The Winter Soldier, Guardians of the Galaxy, Avengers: Age of Ultron, and Ant-Man—on Blu-ray, Blu-ray 3D and a digital copy, in a replica of the Orb from Guardians of the Galaxy, plus a bonus disc and exclusive memorabilia. Material on the bonus disc includes all of the Marvel One-Shots with commentary, deleted scenes and pre-production creative features for each of the films, featurettes on the making of the post-credit scenes for the films, and first looks at Captain America: Civil War, Doctor Strange and Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2.[271][272]

Reception[edit]

For more details on the reception of each film, see the "Reception" section on each film's article.

Box office performance[edit]

Film U.S. release date Box office gross All-time Ranking Budget Ref(s)
U.S. and Canada Other territories Worldwide U.S. and Canada Worldwide
Iron Man May 2, 2008 $318,412,101 $266,762,121 $585,174,222 49 122 $140 million [273]
The Incredible Hulk June 13, 2008 $134,806,913 $128,620,638 $263,427,551 371 446 $150 million [274]
Iron Man 2 May 7, 2010 $312,433,331 $311,500,000 $623,933,331 53 106 $200 million [275]
Thor May 6, 2011 $181,030,624 $268,295,994 $449,326,618 208 191 $150 million [276]
Captain America: The First Avenger July 22, 2011 $176,654,505 $193,915,269 $370,569,774 224 258 $140 million [277]
Marvel's The Avengers May 4, 2012 $623,357,910 $895,455,078 $1,519,812,988 5 5 $220 million [278]
Iron Man 3 May 3, 2013 $409,013,994 $805,797,258 $1,215,811,252 18 10 $200 million [279]
Thor: The Dark World November 8, 2013 $206,362,140 $438,240,376 $644,602,516 158 98 $170 million [280]
Captain America: The Winter Soldier April 4, 2014 $259,766,572 $454,654,931 $714,421,503 89 78 $170 million [281]
Guardians of the Galaxy August 1, 2014 $333,176,600 $440,135,799 $773,312,399 42 63 $170 million [282]
Avengers: Age of Ultron May 1, 2015 $459,005,868 $946,397,826 $1,405,403,694 9 7 $250 million [283]
Ant-Man July 17, 2015 $180,202,163 $339,109,802 $519,311,965 210 149 $130 million [284]
Captain America: Civil War May 6, 2016 $408,084,349 $745,220,146 $1,153,304,495 19 12 $250 million [285]
Doctor Strange November 4, 2016 $215,507,729 $420,084,819 $635,592,548 148 102 $165 million [286]
Total $4,212,878,247 $6,645,351,792 $10,860,230,039 1 1 $2.505 billion [287][288]

Critical response[edit]

Film Rotten Tomatoes Metacritic
Iron Man 94% (266 reviews)[289] 79 (38 reviews)[290]
The Incredible Hulk 67% (222 reviews)[291] 61 (38 reviews)[292]
Iron Man 2 72% (276 reviews)[293] 57 (40 reviews)[294]
Thor 77% (267 reviews)[295] 57 (40 reviews)[296]
Captain America: The First Avenger 80% (246 reviews)[297] 66 (43 reviews)[298]
Marvel's The Avengers 92% (318 reviews)[299] 69 (43 reviews)[300]
Iron Man 3 79% (291 reviews)[301] 62 (44 reviews)[302]
Thor: The Dark World 66% (247 reviews)[303] 54 (44 reviews)[304]
Captain America: The Winter Soldier 89% (262 reviews)[305] 70 (47 reviews)[306]
Guardians of the Galaxy 91% (288 reviews)[307] 76 (46 reviews)[308]
Avengers: Age of Ultron 75% (309 reviews)[309] 66 (49 reviews)[310]
Ant-Man 81% (271 reviews)[311] 64 (43 reviews)[312]
Captain America: Civil War 90% (323 reviews)[313] 75 (52 reviews)[314]
Doctor Strange 91% (266 reviews)[315] 72 (49 reviews)[316]

Future[edit]

Film U.S. release date Director(s) Screenwriter(s) Producer(s) Status
Phase Three[100][201][202]
Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2 May 5, 2017 (2017-05-05)[210] James Gunn[108] Kevin Feige Post-production
Spider-Man: Homecoming July 7, 2017 (2017-07-07)[317] Jon Watts[254] Jonathan M. Goldstein & John Francis Daley and
Jon Watts & Christopher Ford and
Chris McKenna & Erik Sommers[318]
Kevin Feige and Amy Pascal
Thor: Ragnarok November 3, 2017 (2017-11-03)[319] Taika Waititi[320] Stephany Folsom[321] Kevin Feige
Black Panther February 16, 2018 (2018-02-16)[202] Ryan Coogler[322] Joe Robert Cole and Ryan Coogler[323][324] Pre-production
[325][326][327]
Avengers: Infinity War May 4, 2018 (2018-05-04)[210] Anthony and Joe Russo[328] Christopher Markus & Stephen McFeely[329]
Ant-Man and the Wasp July 6, 2018 (2018-07-06)[202] Peyton Reed[330] Andrew Barrer & Gabriel Ferrari and Paul Rudd[331]
Captain Marvel March 8, 2019 (2019-03-08)[202] TBA Nicole Perlman & Meg LeFauve[332] In development
Untitled Avengers sequel May 3, 2019 (2019-05-03)[210] Anthony and Joe Russo[328] Christopher Markus & Stephen McFeely[329] Pre-production[326]

Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2 (2017)[edit]

James Gunn, director of Guardians of the Galaxy and Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2.

The Guardians of the Galaxy travel throughout the cosmos and struggle to keep their newfound family together, while helping Peter Quill learn more about his true parentage.[333]

In July 2014, Guardians of the Galaxy co-writer Nicole Perlman confirmed that Gunn would return to write and direct the sequel.[108][334] Chris Pratt returns for the sequel as Peter Quill / Star-Lord,[335][336] along with the other Guardians from the first film as well as additional cast members.[336] They are joined by Pom Klementieff as Mantis,[337][336] and Kurt Russell as Ego.[336][338] In June 2015, the film's title was revealed as Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2.[339] Filming began in February 2016 at Pinewood Atlanta,[340][341] and concluded in June 2016.[342] Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2 is scheduled to be released on May 5, 2017.[210]

The film is set two months after the events of Guardians of the Galaxy.[343]

Spider-Man: Homecoming (2017)[edit]

Peter Parker tries to balance his life as a high school student while also being the hero Spider-Man.[344]

On February 9, 2015, Sony Pictures and Marvel announced that Sony would be releasing a Spider-Man film co-produced by Marvel Studios president Feige and Amy Pascal, with Sony Pictures continuing to own, finance, distribute, and have final creative control of the Spider-Man films.[3] In April 2015, Feige confirmed the character would be Peter Parker and added that Marvel had been working to add Spider-Man to the MCU since at least October 2014, when they announced their full slate of Phase Three films, saying, "Marvel doesn't announce anything officially until it's set in stone. So we went forward with that Plan A in October, with the Plan B being, if [the deal] were to happen with Sony, how it would all shift. We've been thinking about [the Spider-Man film] as long as we've been thinking about Phase Three.”[345] In June 2015, Tom Holland was cast in the role of Spider-Man and Jon Watts was hired to direct the film,[254] and the next month, John Francis Daley & Jonathan M. Goldstein were hired to write the screenplay.[346] Additional screenwriters include Watts & Christopher Ford and Chris McKenna & Erik Sommers.[318] In April 2016, the title was revealed to be Spider-Man: Homecoming.[347] Production began in June 2016 at Pinewood Atlanta,[348][349] and concluded in October 2016.[350] Spider-Man: Homecoming is scheduled to be released on July 7, 2017.[317]

The film is set after the events of Captain America: Civil War.[351] In April 2016, Feige confirmed that characters from previous MCU films would appear in the film,[352] with Robert Downey Jr. confirmed to reprise his role as Tony Stark / Iron Man shortly thereafter.[259] Favreau also reprises his role as Happy Hogan.[353]

Thor: Ragnarok (2017)[edit]

Main article: Thor: Ragnarok

In January 2014, Marvel announced that a third Thor film was in development, with Craig Kyle and Christopher Yost writing the screenplay,[354] and was officially announced as Thor: Ragnarok in October 2014.[210] By October 2015, Taika Waititi entered in negotiations to direct Thor: Ragnarok.[355][320] In December 2015, Stephany Folsom was hired to rewrite the script.[321] Hemsworth, Hiddleston, Idris Elba and Anthony Hopkins reprise their roles as Thor, Loki, Heimdall and Odin, respectively, and are joined by Cate Blanchett as Hela.[356] Production began in July 2016 in Australia at Village Roadshow Studios,[357][358] and wrapped in late October 2016.[359] Thor: Ragnarok is scheduled to be released on November 3, 2017.[319]

The film is set after the events of Avengers: Age of Ultron.[360] Mark Ruffalo and Benedict Cumberbatch appear in the film respectively as Bruce Banner / Hulk and Doctor Stephen Strange.[356][238]

Black Panther (2018)[edit]

Further information: Black Panther (comics) § Film

When two enemies challenge Black Panther's leadership, he must team up with the C.I.A. and the Dora Milaje, Wakanda's special forces, to stop them.[361]

Documentary filmmaker Mark Bailey was hired to write a script for Black Panther in January 2011.[362] In October 2014, the film was announced and Chadwick Boseman was revealed to be portraying Black Panther.[210][221] Black Panther is scheduled to be released on February 16, 2018.[202] In January 2016, Ryan Coogler was announced as director,[322] and the following month, Joe Robert Cole was confirmed as the film's screenwriter.[323] In April 2016, Feige confirmed that Coogler was a co-screenwriter.[324] Filming is scheduled to begin in January 2017 in Atlanta.[363][364]

The film is set after the events of Captain America: Civil War.[365] Florence Kasumba reprises her role of Ayo from Captain America: Civil War.[366]

Avengers: Infinity War (2018)[edit]

The film was announced in October 2014 as Avengers: Infinity War – Part 1, and is scheduled to be released on May 4, 2018.[210] In April 2015, Marvel announced that Anthony and Joe Russo would direct the film and in May, that Christopher Markus & Stephen McFeely would write the screenplay.[328][329] In July 2016, Marvel revealed the title would be shortened to simply Avengers: Infinity War.[367] Filming for Infinity War and its sequel is expected to begin in January 2017 in Atlanta, lasting until October/November 2017.[368][369]

Marvel has been planting the seeds for Infinity War since their early films, by introducing the Infinity Stones as MacGuffins: the Tesseract / Space Stone in Captain America: The First Avenger, Loki's Scepter / Mind Stone in The Avengers, the Aether / Reality Stone in Thor: The Dark World, the Orb / Power Stone in Guardians of the Galaxy, and the Eye of Agamotto / Time Stone in Doctor Strange.[238] Additionally, one Infinity Gauntlet is briefly seen in Thor and another in Avengers: Age of Ultron.[370]

Ant-Man and the Wasp (2018)[edit]

Peyton Reed, director of Ant-Man and Ant-Man and the Wasp
Further information: Ant-Man (film) § Sequel

Ant-Man and the Wasp was announced in October 2015 and is scheduled to be released on July 6, 2018.[202] Peyton Reed confirmed he would return to direct in November 2015, as well as the confirmation that Paul Rudd and Evangeline Lilly would reprise their roles as Scott Lang / Ant-Man and Hope van Dyne / Wasp, respectively.[330] In December 2015, Andrew Barrer, Gabriel Ferrari, and Rudd were confirmed to write the screenplay.[331] Filming is expected to begin in June 2017 in Atlanta.[371][372]

The film is set after the events of Captain America: Civil War.[373]

Captain Marvel (2019)[edit]

Further information: Carol Danvers § Film

In May 2013, The Hollywood Reporter reported that Marvel had a working script for Ms. Marvel.[374] In October 2014, Marvel announced the film would be titled Captain Marvel and feature Carol Danvers.[210] In April 2015, Nicole Perlman & Meg LeFauve were announced as screenwriters.[332] At the 2016 San Diego Comic-Con, Brie Larson was confirmed to play the role of Carol Danvers.[375] The film is scheduled to be released on March 8, 2019.[202]

Untitled Avengers sequel (2019)[edit]

The film was announced in October 2014 as Avengers: Infinity War – Part 2, and is scheduled to be released on May 3, 2019.[210] In April 2015, it was revealed that Anthony and Joe Russo would direct the film and in May, that Christopher Markus & Stephen McFeely would write the screenplay.[328][329] In July 2016, Marvel revealed the title would be changed, being known simply at that time as the Untitled Avengers film.[367] Filming for Infinity War and its sequel is expected to begin in January 2017 in Atlanta, lasting until October/November 2017.[368][369]

Other potential projects[edit]

Three untitled films, part of Phase Three, are set for release on May 1, July 10, and November 6, 2020.[202] In October 2016 Feige said it was a combination of knowing what films would occupy these dates and allowing some flexibility, saying, "We know what [films] we’d like them to be for 2020. Over the years, where we’re aiming we’ve been lucky enough that it’s usually been the same thing but we always leave ourselves the opportunity to bob and weave and adapt if we have to. But we know where we’re headed for 2020 and we have ideas and were beginning to solidify the years beyond that."[376] Feige and Marvel have ideas for films through 2021,[371] and additional storylines planned through 2028.[377] In October 2014, in terms of Phase Four films, Feige said, for the time being, "We're not going to talk specifically about the story of any of those films, the plot of any of those films, what happens to any of the characters in any of those films. In fact, even to talk about any of those characters – who will be involved in those movies – will be a bit of a spoiler as to what may or may not happen to them in earlier movies."[100] In April 2016, Feige added, "We're only working on what’s been announced through the end of 2019. And it is still a big chess board for 2020 and beyond, but certainly I would say Guardians 3 is [one film that's] up there. I don't know what exactly the order will be."[378]

A film based on Runaways went through a number of iterations. Brian K. Vaughan was originally hired to write a screenplay based on the property in May 2008.[379] In April 2010, Marvel hired Peter Sollett to direct the film,[380] and Drew Pearce was hired to write a script in May.[381] However, in September 2013 Pearce revealed that the Runaways film had been shelved in favor of The Avengers, with the earliest it could release being Phase Three.[382] In October 2014, after announcing all of Marvel's Phase Three films without Runaways, Feige stated the project was "still an awesome script that exists in our script vault", adding, "We'd love to do something with Runaways some day. In our television and future film discussions, it's always one that we talk about, because we have a solid draft there. But again, we can't make them all."[100] In August 2016, Marvel Television announced Marvel's Runaways received a pilot order, along with additional scripts, from the streaming service Hulu.[383]

In April 2013, Feige mentioned Inhumans as a property out of which he was "confident" a film would be made.[384] By August 2014, the studio was ready to move forward in development with the film, with a screenplay written by Joe Robert Cole.[385] In October 2014, the film was announced for Phase Three[210] and scheduled for release July 2019.[319] By October 2015, Cole was no longer involved with the film and any potential drafts that he may have written would not be used.[386] In April 2016, Inhumans was removed from the release schedule,[387] and would no longer be a part of Phase Three.[388] In July 2016, Feige said Inhumans would "certainly" be a part of the discussion regarding the film ideas for 2020 and 2021,[371] adding the following November that he was still optimistic the film could be released in Phase Four.[389] The Inhumans were first introduced to the MCU in 2014 through the second season of the television series Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.[390] In November 2016, Marvel Television announced the series Marvel's The Inhumans, to premiere on ABC in September 2017, after the first two episodes were screened in IMAX.[391] The Inhumans was not intended to be a reworking of the film.[392]

In February 2014, Feige stated that after exploring Black Widow's past in Age of Ultron, he would like to see it explored further in a solo film.[393] Marvel has done some development work for the potential film, including a "pretty in depth" treatment by Nicole Perlman,[393][394] and by May 2016, Feige stated that Marvel was "creatively and emotionally" committed to creating the solo film.[395]

In April 2006, Marvel hired Andrew W. Marlowe to write a script for Nick Fury.[6] In May 2013, The Hollywood Reporter reported that Marvel had a working script for Blade.[374] In July 2015, Wesley Snipes, who played Blade in three films before the character's rights reverted to Marvel, stated that he had discussions with Marvel to reprise the role.[396]

See also[edit]

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