List of Mayan languages

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The Mayan languages are a family of languages spoken by the Maya people. The Maya form a group of approximately 7 million people descendant from an ancient Mesoamerican civilization and spread across the modern-day countries of Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador. They speak descendant languages from their original Proto-Mayan language, and some of their languages were recorded in the form of glyphs of a Mayan script.

Languages[edit]

The languages are shown along with their population estimates, as available.

Language Speakers Year Countries
Chontal 36,810 2010 census  Mexico (Tabasco)
Ch'ol 212,117 2010 census  Mexico (Chiapas)
Ch'orti' 30,000 2000  Guatemala,  Honduras
Ch'olti' 0 Extinct  Guatemala, Belize
Tzeltal 445,856 2010 census  Mexico (Chiapas)
Tzotzil 404,704 2010 census  Mexico (Chiapas)
Chicomuceltec 0 Extinct  Mexico (Chiapas),  Guatemala (Huehuetenango)
Huastec 161,120 2010 census  Mexico (San Luis Potosi, Veracruz)
Chuj 61,630 2003-2011  Guatemala (Huehuetenango),  Mexico (Chiapas)
Tojolab'al 51,733 2010 census  Mexico (Chiapas)
Jakaltek 34,500 2000-2003  Guatemala (Huehuetenango),  Mexico (Chiapas),
Q'anjob'al 148,340 2003-2010  Guatemala (Huehuetenango),  Mexico (Chiapas)
Akatek 45,430 2003-2011  Guatemala (Huehuetenango),  Mexico (Chiapas)
Mocho’ 30 2011  Mexico (Chiapas)
Awakatek 9,610 2003 census  Guatemala (Huehuetenango)
Ixil 83,600 2003 census  Guatemala (El Quiché)
Mam 488,500 2003-2011  Guatemala,  Mexico (Chiapas)
Tektitek 1,211 2000-2003  Guatemala (Huehuetenango),  Mexico (Chiapas)
Q'eqchi' 733,600 2003-2014  Guatemala,  Belize
Poqomam 11,300 2003 census  Guatemala
Poqomchi' 92,900 2003 census  Guatemala (Alta Verapaz, Baja Verapaz, El Quiché)
Achi 82,600 2003 census  Guatemala (Baja Verapaz)
K'iche' 2,330,000 2000  Guatemala
Kaqchikel 445,000 2003 census  Guatemala
Tz’utujil 63,200 2003 census  Guatemala
Sakapultek 15,000 2006  Guatemala (El Quiché)
Sipakapense 5,690 2003 census  Guatemala (San Marcos)
Uspantek 2,000 2013  Guatemala (El Quiché)
Itza' 1,090 2003 census  Guatemala (El Petén)
Mopan 13,060 2003-2014  Belize,  Guatemala (El Petén)
Lacandon 600 2015  Mexico (Chiapas)
Yucatec 812,633 2010-2014  Mexico,  Belize

.

See also[edit]