ABD-AL-QADER HASAN RUYANI, 10th/16th century astronomer. He dedicated his Zij-e molakkas-e Mirzaʾi ("Compendious astronomical tables for Mīrzā", composed in 891/1486) to Sultan Mirza ʿAli (1478–1505) and his al-Tohfat al-nezamiya ("The Nezam’s gift") to Sultan Yahya Kia. Abd-al-Qāder also wrote a Moktasar dar maʿrefat-e taqvīm ("Epitome of knowledge of the calendar") and a Resalat al-kora ("Epistle on the sphere").
ABU’L-ṬAYYEB ṬĀHER B. ʿABDALLĀH B. ṬĀHER ṬABARĪ was jurisconsult, judge (qāżī), and professor of legal sciences; he was regarded by his contemporaries as one of the leading Shafeʿites of 5th/11th century Baghdad.
EBN HENDU, ABU’L-FARAJ ʿALĪ b. Ḥosayn, also known as Ostaḏ, author of, inter alia, propaedeutic epistles on philosophy and medicine and of a gnomology of Greek wisdom, and generally renowned as a litterateur.
AMAS, ABU MOHAMMAD SOLAYMAN B. MEHRAN ASADI, 1st-2nd/7th-8th century Shia scholar, traditionist, and Koran reader. His authority was such that people who attended his recitations would sometimes correct their copies of the Koran in accordance with his readings. Abū Obayd (d. 224/839) mentions him as one of the five qorrāʾ of Kufa; later he was included among the Fourteen Readers, generally in the eleventh place. Aʿmaš was one of the first scholars to engage in evaluating the trustworthiness of transmitters of Hadith (ʿelm al-ṯeqāt).