List of Members of the United States House of Representatives in the 65th Congress by seniority

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This is a complete list of members of the United States House of Representatives during the 65th United States Congress listed by seniority. For the most part, representatives are ranked by the beginning of their terms in office.

As an historical article, the districts and party affiliations listed reflect those during the 65th Congress (March 4, 1917 – March 3, 1919). Seats and party affiliations on similar lists for other Congresses will be different for certain members.

This article describes the criteria for seniority in the House of Representatives and sets out the list of members by seniority. It is prepared on the basis of the interpretation of seniority applied to the House of Representatives in the current congress. In the absence of information to the contrary, it is presumed that the twenty-first-century practice is identical to the seniority customs used during the 65th Congress.[1]

Seniority[edit]

House seniority[edit]

Seniority in the House, for Congressmen with unbroken service, depends on the date on which the members first term began. That date is either the start of the Congress (4 March in odd numbered years, for the era up to and including the 73rd Congress starting in 1933) or the date of a special election during the Congress. Since many members start serving on the same day as others, ranking between them is based on alphabetical order by the last name of the congressman. If there is still a tie, then the first names are used.

Representatives who return to the House, after having previously served, are credited with service equal to one less than the total number of terms they served. When a representative has served a prior term of less than two terms (i.e., prior term minus one equals less than one), the member is ranked above all others whose service begins on the same day.

Committee seniority[edit]

At the start of the 65th Congress in 1917, the committee assignments were made by each party and then formally approved by the whole House. Each party controlled the committee ranking of its members, but usually this followed the order of seniority of members in terms of service on the committee. It became customary for members of a committee, in the previous congress, to be re-appointed at the start of the next.

A seniority rule was normally used to decide committee chairmen. The chairman was likely to be the majority member of a committee, with the longest continuous service on it. However, party leadership was typically not associated with seniority.[2]

Out of a group of fifty five standing committee chairmen, at the start of this Congress, Nelson Polsby identified forty five as the most senior member of the majority on the committee. In seven other cases, senior majority members were compensated for not being chairman of the committee (five chaired another committee and two received better committee assignments than in the previous Congress). In three instances there was no obvious compensation for the apparent violation of the seniority custom.[3]

Committees[edit]

This list refers to the standing committees of the House in the 65th Congress, the year of establishment as a standing committee (adoption of the name used in 1917), the number of members assigned to the committee and the corresponding committee in the current congress. Because of consolidation of committees and changes of jurisdiction, it is not always possible to identify a clear successor panel.[4]

No. 1917 Committee Established Members 2011 Committee
1 Accounts 1805 11 House Administration
2 Agriculture 1820 21 Agriculture
3 Alcoholic Liquor Traffic 1893 11 Judiciary
4 Appropriations 1865 21 Appropriations
5 Banking and Currency 1865 21 Financial Services
6 Census 1901 16 Oversight and Government Reform
7 Claims 1794 16 Judiciary
8 Coinage, Weights and Measures 1864 (1867) 18 Financial Services
9 Disposition of Executive Papers 1911 2 House Administration
10 District of Columbia 1808 21 Oversight and Government Reform
11 Education 1867 (1883) 15 Education and the Workforce
12 Election of President, Vice President and Representatives 1893 13 House Administration
13 Elections No. 1 1789 (1895) 9 House Administration
14 Elections No. 2 1895 9 House Administration
15 Elections No. 3 1895 9 House Administration
16 Enrolled Bills 1876 7 House Administration
17 Expenditures in the Agriculture Department 1889 7 Oversight and Government Reform
18 Expenditures in the Commerce Department 1903 (1913) 7 Oversight and Government Reform
19 Expenditures in the Interior Department 1860 7 Oversight and Government Reform
20 Expenditures in the Justice Department 1874 7 Oversight and Government Reform
21 Expenditures in the Labor Department 1913 7 Oversight and Government Reform
22 Expenditures in the Navy Department 1816 7 Oversight and Government Reform
23 Expenditures in the Post Office Department 1816 7 Oversight and Government Reform
24 Expenditures in the State Department 1816 7 Oversight and Government Reform
25 Expenditures in the Treasury Department 1816 7 Oversight and Government Reform
26 Expenditures in the War Department 1816 7 Oversight and Government Reform
27 Expenditures on Public Buildings 1816 7 Oversight and Government Reform
28 Foreign Affairs 1822 21 Foreign Affairs
29 Immigration and Naturalization 1893 15 Judiciary
30 Indian Affairs 1821 19 Natural Resources
31 Industrial Arts and Expositions 1903 16 Foreign Affairs
32 Insular Affairs 1899 21 Natural Resources
33 Interstate and Foreign Commerce 1795 (1892) 21 Energy and Commerce
34 Invalid Pensions 1831 16 Veterans' Affairs
35 Irrigation of Arid Lands 1893 13 Natural Resources
36 Judiciary 1813 21 Judiciary
37 Labor 1883 13 Education and the Workforce
38 Merchant Marine and Fisheries 1887 21 ...
39 Mileage 1837 5 House Administration
40 Military Affairs 1822 21 Armed Services
41 Mines and Mining 1865 14 Natural Resources
42 Naval Affairs 1822 21 Armed Services
43 Patents 1837 14 Judiciary
44 Pensions 1880 15 Veterans' Affairs
45 Post Office and Post Roads 1808 21 Oversight and Government Reform
46 Public Buildings and Grounds 1837 20 Transportation and Infrastructure
47 Public Lands 1805 21 Natural Resources
48 Railways and Canals 1831 (1869) 14 Transportation and Infrastructure
49 Reform in the Civil Service 1893 13 Oversight and Government Reform
50 Revision of Laws 1868 13 Judiciary
51 Rivers and Harbors 1883 21 Transportation and Infrastructure
52 Roads 1913 21 Transportation and Infrastructure
53 Rules 1880 11 Rules
54 Territories 1825 17 Natural Resources
55 War Claims 1825 (1873) 15 Judiciary
56 Ways and Means 1802 22 Ways and Means
57 Woman Suffrage 1917 13 ...
Joint Committees (House standing committee members only)
Jt 1 Library Joint 1806 5 House Administration
Jt 2 Printing Joint 1846 3 House Administration

List of Representatives by seniority[edit]

A numerical rank is assigned to each of the 435 members initially elected to the 65th Congress. Other members, who joined the House during the Congress, are not assigned a number. Three Representatives-elect died before the Congress started and one resigned after the legal start of the term without qualifying. The list below includes those Representatives-elect (with names in italics), with the seniority they would have held if they had been able to be sworn in.

Major party designations used in this article are D for Democratic members and R for Republican representatives. Other designations include Ind for Independent, Prog for Progressive, Proh for Prohibition and Soc for Socialist.

U.S. House Seniority
Rank Representative Party District Seniority date Notes
Twenty-one non-consecutive terms
1 Joseph G. Cannon R IL-18 March 4, 1915 Previously served 1873–91 and 1893–1913 while in the House.
Fourteen consecutive terms
2 William A. Jones D VA-1 March 4, 1891 Dean of the House. Chairman: Insular Affairs. Died on April 17, 1918 while still serving in the House.
Thirteen consecutive terms
3 Henry A. Cooper R WI-1 March 4, 1893 Last term while serving in the House until 67th Congress
4 Frederick H. Gillett R MA-2
Twelve non-consecutive terms
5 James B. (Champ) Clark D MO-9 March 4, 1897 Speaker of the House. Previously served 1893–95 while in the House.
Eleven consecutive terms
6 William C. Adamson D GA-4 March 4, 1897 Chairman: Interstate and Foreign Commerce.
Resigned on December 18, 1917 while still serving in the House.
7 Thomas S. Butler R PA-7 Independent Republican, 1897–99
8 Edward L. Hamilton R MI-4
9 James R. Mann R IL-2 Minority Leader
10 John A. Moon D TN-3 Chairman: Post Office and Post Roads
11 Thetus W. Sims D TN-8 Chairman: Interstate and Foreign Commerce (1917)
12 James L. Slayden D TX-14 Last term while serving in the House.
13 William S. Greene R MA-15 May 31, 1898 Republican Conference Chairman
Eleven non-consecutive terms
14 George E. Foss R IL-10 March 4, 1915 Previously served 1895–1913. Last term while serving in the House.
15 Ebenezer J. Hill R CT-4 Previously served 1895–1913. Died September 27, 1917 while still serving in the House.
16 Frank W. Mondell R WY-al March 4, 1899 Previously served 1895–97 while in the House.
17 Cyrus A. Sulloway R NH-1 March 4, 1915 Previously served 1895–1913 while in the House. Died March 11, 1917 while serving in the House.
18 Richard W. Parker D NJ-9 December 1, 1914 Previously served 1895–1911 while in the House. Last term until 67th Congress while serving in the House.
Ten consecutive terms
19 John L. Burnett D AL-7 March 4, 1899 Chairman: Immigration and Naturalization
20 John J. Esch R WI-7
21 David E. Finley D SC-5 Died, as Representative-elect, January 26, 1917
22 John J. Fitzgerald D NY-7 Chairman: Appropriations. Resigned on December 31, 1917 while still serving in the House.
23 Joseph W. Fordney R MI-8
24 Gilbert N. Haugen R IA-4
25 William W. Rucker D MO-2 Chairman: Election of President, Vice President and Representatives
26 John H. Small D NC-1 Chairman: Rivers and Harbors
27 Dorsey W. Shackleford D MO-8 August 29, 1899 Chairman: Roads. Last term while serving in the House.
Nine consecutive terms
28 Ezekiel S. Candler, Jr. D MS-1 March 4, 1901
29 Henry D. Flood D VA-10 Chairman: Foreign Affairs
30 Claude Kitchin D NC-2 Chairman: Ways and Means. Majority Leader.
31 Lemuel P. Padgett D TN-7 Chairman: Naval Affairs
32 Edward W. Pou D NC-4 Chairman: Rules
33 Asbury F. Lever D SC-7 November 5, 1901 Chairman: Agriculture
34 Augustus P. Gardner R MA-6 November 4, 1902 Resigned on May 15, 1917 while still serving in the House.
35 Carter Glass D VA-6 Chairman: Banking and Currency. Resigned on December 16, 1918 while still serving in the House.
Nine non-consecutive terms
36 James H. Davidson R WI-6 March 4, 1917 Previously served 1897–1913 while in the House. Died on August 6, 1918 while still serving in the House.
37 Julius Kahn R CA-4 March 4, 1905 Previously served 1899–1903 while in the House.
38 J. Frederick Talbott D MD-2 March 4, 1909 Previously served 1879–85 and 1893–95 while in the House. Died on October 5, 1918 while still serving in the House.
Eight consecutive terms
39 Philip P. Campbell R KS-3 March 4, 1903
40 Charles R. Davis R MN-3
41 John N. Garner D TX-15
42 Alexander W. Gregg D TX-7 Chairman: War Claims. Last term while serving in the House.
43 Benjamin G. Humphreys D MS-3 Chairman: Flood Control
44 Moses P. Kinkaid R NE-6
45 Henry T. Rainey D IL-20
46 J. Swagar Sherley D KY-5 Chairman: Appropriations (1918). Last term while serving in the House.
47 Halvor Steenerson R MN-9
48 Andrew J. Volstead R MN-7
49 Edwin Y. Webb D NC-9 Chairman: Judiciary
50 J. Thomas Heflin D AL-5 May 19, 1904
Eight non-consecutive terms
51 William A. Rodenberg R IL-22 March 4, 1915 Previously served 1899–1901 and 1903–13
52 Daniel J. Riordan D NY-11 November 6, 1906 Previously served 1899–1901
Seven consecutive terms
53 Thomas M. Bell D GA-9 March 4, 1905
54 Frank Clark D FL-2 Chairman: Public Buildings and Grounds
55 Lincoln Dixon D IN-4 Last term while serving in the House.
56 Finis J. Garrett D TN-9 Chairman: Insular Affairs (1918)
57 Everis A. Hayes R CA-8 Last term while serving in the House.
58 William C. Houston D TN-5 Chairman: Territories. Last term while serving in the House.
59 Gordon Lee D GA-7
60 Martin B. Madden R IL-1
61 John T. Watkins D LA-4 Chairman: Revision of Laws
62 John M. Nelson R WI-3 September 4, 1906 Last term while serving in the House until 67th Congress
63 J. Hampton Moore R PA-3 November 6, 1906
64 Edward W. Saunders D VA-5 Democratic Caucus Chairman
Seven non-consecutive terms
65 Charles E. Fuller R IL-12 March 4, 1915 Previously served 1903–13
66 Courtney W. Hamlin D MO-7 March 4, 1907 Previously served 1903–05.
Chairman: Expenditures in the State Department . Last term while serving in the House.
67 Nicholas Longworth R OH-1 March 4, 1915 Previously served 1903–13 while in the House.
68 Isaac R. Sherwood D OH-9 March 4, 1907 Previously served (R) 1873–75 while in the House. Chairman: Invalid Pensions.
69 William H. Stafford R WI-5 March 4, 1913 Previously served 1903–11 while in the House. Last term while serving in the House until 67th Congress
70 John A. Sterling R IL-17 March 4, 1915 Previously served 1903–13 while in the House. Died on October 17, 1918 while still serving in the House.
71 William W. Wilson R IL-3 Previously served 1903–13 while in the House.
72 Charles F. Booher D MO-4 March 4, 1907 Previously served February 19-March 3, 1889 while in the House.
Six consecutive terms
73 Joshua W. Alexander D MO-3 March 4, 1907 Chairman: Merchant Marine and Fisheries
74 William A. Ashbrook D OH-17 Chairman: Coinage, Weights and Measures
75 William J. Cary R WI-4 Last term while serving in the House.
76 William E. Cox D IN-3 Last term while serving in the House.
77 George W. Fairchild R NY-34 Last term while serving in the House.
78 Martin D. Foster D IL-23 Chairman: Mines and Mining. Last term while serving in the House.
79 Hannibal L. Godwin D NC-6 Chairman: Reform in the Civil Service
80 James A. Hamill D NJ-12 Chairman: Elections No. 2
81 Rufus Hardy D TX-6 Chairman: Expenditures in the Navy Department
82 Willis C. Hawley R OR-1
83 Harvey Helm D KY-8 Chairman: Census. Died March 3, 1919 while still serving in the House.
84 Cordell Hull D TN-4
85 Ben Johnson D KY-4 Chairman: District of Columbia
86 Charles A. Kennedy R IA-1
87 John W. Langley R KY-10
88 James C. McLaughlin R MI-9
89 Adolph J. Sabath D IL-5 Chairman: Alcohol Liquor Traffic
90 Daniel R. Anthony, Jr. R KS-1 May 23, 1907
91 Charles C. Carlin D VA-8 November 5, 1907
92 Charles D. Carter D OK-3 November 16, 1907 Chairman: Indian Affairs
93 Scott Ferris D OK-6 Chairman: Public Lands
94 C. Bascom Slemp R VA-9 December 17, 1907
95 Henry A. Barnhart D IN-13 November 3, 1908 Last term while serving in the House.
96 Albert Estopinal D LA-1
Six non-consecutive terms
97 Burton L. French R ID-al March 4, 1917 Previously served 1903–09 and 1911–15 while in the House.
98 William B. McKinley R IL-19 March 4, 1915 Previously served 1905–13 while in the House.
99 Harry C. Woodyard R WV-4 November 7, 1916 Previously served 1903–11 while in the House.
Five consecutive terms
100 Richard W. Austin R TN-2 March 4, 1909 Last term while in the House.
101 William P. Borland D MO-5 Died on February 20, 1919 while still serving in the House.
102 Joseph W. Byrns D TN-6
103 J. Campbell Cantrill D KY-7 Chairman: Industrial Arts and Expositions
104 James W. Collier D MS-8
105 Michael F. Conry D NY-15 Died as Representative-elect March 2, 1917
106 S. Hubert Dent, Jr. D AL-2 Chairman: Military Affairs
107 Martin Dies D TX-2 Last term while still serving in the House.
108 Thomas Gallagher D IL-8
109 James W. Good R IA-5
110 William W. Griest R PA-9
111 Irvine L. Lenroot R WI-11 Resigned to become a US Senator: April 17, 1918
112 Clarence B. Miller R MN-8 Last term while serving in the House.
113 Dick T. Morgan R OK-8
114 William A. Oldfield D AR-2
115 Thomas U. Sisson D MS-4
116 Edward T. Taylor D CO-4 Chairman: Irrigation of Arid Lands
117 Robert Y. Thomas, Jr. D KY-3
118 Frank P. Woods R IA-10 Last term while serving in the House.
119 Clement C. Dickinson D MO-6 February 1, 1910
120 H. Garland Dupré D LA-2 November 8, 1910
Five non-consecutive terms
121 Benjamin K. Focht R PA-17 March 4, 1915 Previously served 1907–13 while in the House.
122 James McAndrews D IL-6 March 4, 1913 Previously served 1901–05 while in the House.
123 Joseph J. Russell D MO-14 March 4, 1911 Previously served 1907–09 while in the House. Last term while in the House.
Four consecutive terms
124 Sydney Anderson R MN-1 March 4, 1911
125 Fred L. Blackmon D AL-4
126 James F. Byrnes D SC-2
127 Ira C. Copley R IL-11 Progressive 1915–17 while in the House.
128 Frank E. Doremus D MI-1
129 Robert L. Doughton D NC-8 Chairman: Expenditures in the Agriculture Department
130 John R. Farr R PA-10 Last term while serving in the House until seated during the 66th Congress
131 William J. Fields D KY-9
132 William S. Goodwin D AR-7
133 Pat Harrison D MS-6 Last term while serving in the House.
134 Henry T. Helgesen R ND-1 Died on April 10, 1917 while still serving in the House.
135 Walter L. Hensley D MO-13 Last term while serving in the House.
136 Edward E. Holland D VA-2
137 William S. Howard D GA-5 Last term while serving in the House.
138 Henderson M. Jacoway D AR-5
139 William L. La Follette R WA-4 Last term while serving in the House.
140 J. Charles Linthicum D MD-4
141 Charles O. Lobeck D NE-2 Chairman: Expenditures in the Treasury Department. Last term while serving in the House.
142 James P. Maher D NY-5 Chairman: Expenditures in the Labor Department
143 John C. McKenzie R IL-13
144 Luther W. Mott R NY-32
145 George F. O'Shaunessy D RI-1 Last term while serving in the House.
146 Stephen G. Porter R PA-29
147 Caleb Powers R KY-11 Last term while serving in the House.
148 John E. Raker D CA-2 Chairman: Expenditures in the Justice Department;
Chairman: Woman Suffrage
149 Edwin E. Roberts R NV-al Last term while serving in the House.
150 Arthur B. Rouse D KY-6
151 Thomas L. Rubey D MO-16
152 Thomas J. Scully D NJ-3
153 Sam R. Sells R TN-1
154 Charles H. Sloan R NE-4 Last term while serving in the House until 71st Congress
155 Charles B. Smith D NY-41 Chairman: Patents. Last term while serving in the House.
156 John M. C. Smith R MI-3
157 Charles M. Stedman D NC-5
158 Hubert D. Stephens D MS-2 Chairman: Claims
159 Robert M. Switzer R OH-10 Last term while serving in the House.
160 Horace M. Towner R IA-8
161 Samuel J. Tribble D GA-8 Died as Representative-elect on December 8, 1916
162 James Young D TX-3
163 William R. Green R IA-9 June 5, 1911
164 Leonidas C. Dyer R MO-12 March 4, 1915 Previously served 1911-June 19, 1914 while in the House.
165 William J. Browning R NJ-1 November 7, 1911
166 Dan V. Stephens D NE-3 Last term while serving in the House.
167 Carl T. Hayden D AZ-al February 19, 1912
168 William S. Vare R PA-1 May 24, 1912
169 Frank L. Greene R VT-1 July 30, 1912
170 Samuel M. Taylor D AR-6 January 15, 1913
Four non-consecutive terms
171 John Q. Tilson R CT-3 March 4, 1915 Previously served 1909–13 while in the House.
172 Charles R. Crisp D GA-3 March 4, 1913 Previously served December 19, 1896–97 while in the House.
Three consecutive terms
173 James B. Aswell D LA-8 March 4, 1913
174 Alben W. Barkley D KY-1
175 Frederick A. Britten R IL-9
176 Edward E. Browne R WI-8
177 Henry Bruckner D NY-22 Chairman: Railways and Canals. Resigned December 31, 1917 while still serving in the House.
178 Clement L. Brumbaugh D OH-12 Chairman: Railways and Canals (1918)
179 Thaddeus H. Caraway D AR-1
180 John F. Carew D NY-17
181 Walter M. Chandler R NY-19 Progressive 1913–17 while in the House. Last term while serving in the House until 67th Congress.
182 Denver S. Church D CA-7 Last term while serving in the House until 73rd Congress
183 John R. Connelly D KS-6 Last term while serving in the House.
184 Louis C. Cramton R MI-7
185 Robert Crosser D OH-21 Chairman: Expenditures in the Commerce Department.
Last term while serving in the House until 68th Congress
186 Charles F. Curry R CA-3
187 Harry H. Dale D NY-4 Resigned on January 6, 1919 while still serving in the House.
188 Perl D. Decker D MO-15 Last term while serving in the House.
189 Charles H. Dillon R SD-1 Last term while serving in the House.
190 Peter J. Dooling D NY-16 Chairman: Expenditures in the War Department
191 Dudley Doolittle D KS-4 Last term while serving in the House.
192 Thomas B. Dunn R NY-38
193 John J. Eagan D NJ-11
194 Joe H. Eagle D TX-8
195 George W. Edmonds R PA-4
196 John M. Evans D MT-1
197 Simeon D. Fess R OH-7
198 James A. Frear R WI-10
199 Warren Gard D OH-3
200 William Gordon D OH-20 Last term while serving in the House.
201 George S. Graham R PA-2
202 Daniel J. Griffin D NY-8 Resigned on December 31, 1917 while still serving in the House.
203 Charles M. Hamilton R NY-43 Minority Whip. Last term while serving in the House.
204 Guy T. Helvering D KS-5 Last term while serving in the House.
205 William L. Igoe D MO-11
206 Albert Johnson R WA-3
207 Edward Keating D CO-3 Chairman: Expenditures in the Post Office Department. Last term while serving in the House.
208 Patrick H. Kelley R MI-6
209 Ambrose Kennedy R RI-3
210 William Kettner D CA-11
211 John A. Key D OH-8 Chairman: Pensions. Last term while serving in the House.
212 Edgar R. Kiess R PA-15
213 Aaron S. Kreider R PA-18
214 Ladislas Lazaro D LA-7
215 John V. Lesher D PA-16
216 Carl E. Mapes R MI-5
217 Andrew J. Montague D VA-3
218 John M. Morin R PA-31
219 John I. Nolan R CA-5
220 Patrick D. Norton R ND-3 Last term while serving in the House.
221 James S. Parker R NY-29
222 Michael F. Phelan D MA-7 Chairman: Banking and Currency (1918)
223 Edmund Platt R NY-26
224 Percy E. Quin D MS-7
225 J. Willard Ragsdale D SC-6
226 Sam Rayburn D TX-4
227 John J. Rogers R MA-5
228 Nicholas J. Sinnott R OR-2
229 Addison T. Smith R ID-al
230 Hatton W. Sumners D TX-5
231 Joseph B. Thompson D OK-5
232 Allen T. Treadway R MA-1
233 John R. Walker D GA-11 Last term while serving in the House.
234 Walter A. Watson D VA-4 Chairman: Elections No. 3
235 Otis T. Wingo D AR-4
236 Samuel E. Winslow R MA-4
237 George M. Young R ND-2
238 James P. Buchanan D TX-10 April 15, 1913
239 Richard S. Whaley D SC-1 April 29, 1913
240 John A. Peters R ME-3 September 9, 1913
241 Matthew M. Neely D WV-1 October 14, 1913
242 Charles P. Coady D MD-3 November 4, 1913
243 Calvin D. Paige R MA-3
244 Frank Park D GA-2 Chairman: Accounts
245 Dow H. Drukker R NJ-7 April 7, 1914 Last term while serving in the House.
246 James A. Gallivan D MA-12
247 Henry W. Temple R PA-24 November 2, 1915 Previously served (Progressive) 1913–15 while in the House.
248 Jesse D. Price D MD-1 November 3, 1914 Last term while serving in the House.
249 Carl Vinson D GA-10
Three non-consecutive terms
250 Elsworth R. Bathrick D OH-14 March 4, 1917 Previously served 1911–15. Died on December 23, 1917 while still serving in the House.
251 Horatio C. Claypool D OH-11 Previously served 1911–15 while in the House. Last term while serving in the House.
252 Thomas S. Crago R PA-al March 4, 1915 Previously served 1911–13 while in the House.
253 David Hollingsworth R OH-18 Previously served 1909–11 while in the House. Last term while serving in the House.
254 Adam B. Littlepage D WV-6 Previously served 1911–13 while in the House. Last term while serving in the House.
255 William E. Mason R IL-al March 4, 1917 Previously served 1887–91 while in the House.
256 Ashton C. Shallenberger D NE-5 March 4, 1915 Previously served 1901–03 while in the House. Last term while serving in the House until 68th Congress.
257 John S. Snook D OH-5 March 4, 1917 Previously served 1901–05 while in the House. Last term while serving in the House.
258 George White D OH-15 Previously served 1911–15 while in the House. Last term while serving in the House.
259 George C. Scott R IA-11 Previously served November 5, 1912–15 while in the House. Last term while serving in the House.
Two consecutive terms
260 Edward B. Almon D AL-8 March 4, 1915
261 William A. Ayres D KS-8
262 Isaac Bacharach R NJ-2
263 Eugene Black D TX-1
264 C. Pope Caldwell D NY-2
265 John H. Capstick R NJ-5 Died on March 17, 1918 while still serving in the House.
266 William H. Carter R MA-13 Last term while serving in the House.
267 Edward Cooper R WV-5 Last term while serving in the House.
268 John G. Cooper R OH-19
269 Peter E. Costello R PA-5
270 Porter H. Dale R VT-2
271 Frederick W. Dallinger R MA-8
272 George P. Darrow R PA-6
273 S. Wallace Dempsey R NY-40
274 Edward E. Denison R IL-25
275 Arthur G. Dewalt D PA-13
276 Clarence C. Dill D WA-5 Last term while serving in the House.
277 Cassius C. Dowell R IA-7
278 Franklin Ellsworth R MN-2
279 John A. Elston Prog CA-6 Republican and Progressive candidate: 1916 election [5]
280 Henry I. Emerson R OH22
281 Joseph V. Flynn D NY-3 Last term while serving in the House.
282 Richard P. Freeman R CT-2
283 Harry L. Gandy D SD-3
284 Mahlon M. Garland R PA-al
285 James P. Glynn R CT-5
286 Edward W. Gray R NJ-8 Last term while serving in the House.
287 Oscar L. Gray D AL-1 Last term while serving in the House.
288 Lindley H. Hadley R WA-2
289 Reuben L. Haskell R NY-10
290 William W. Hastings D OK-2 Chairman: Expenditures in the Interior Department
291 Robert D. Heaton R PA-12 Last term while serving in the House.
292 Frederick C. Hicks R NY-1
293 Benjamin C. Hilliard D CO-1 Last term while serving in the House.
294 George E. Hood D NC-3 Last term while serving in the House.
295 George Huddleston D AL-9
296 G. Murray Hulbert D NY-21 Resigned on January 1, 1918 while still serving in the House.
297 Harry E. Hull R IA-2
298 James W. Husted R NY-25
299 Elijah C. Hutchinson R NJ-4
300 W. Frank James R MI-12
301 Royal C. Johnson R SD-2
302 Charles C. Kearns R OH-6
303 David H. Kincheloe D KY-2
304 Edward J. King R IL-15
305 Frederick R. Lehlbach R NJ-10
306 Meyer London Soc NY-12 Socialist. Last term while serving in the House until 67th Congress
307 Walter W. Magee R NY-35
308 Whitmell P. Martin Prog LA-3
309 James H. Mays D UT-2
310 Clifton N. McArthur R OR-3
311 James V. McClintic D OK-7 Chairman: Expenditures on Public Buildings
312 Roscoe C. McCulloch R OH-16
313 Louis T. McFadden R PA-14
314 A. Jeff McLemore D TX-al Last term while serving in the House.
315 Jacob E. Meeker R MO-10 Died on October 16, 1918 while still serving in the House.
316 Merrill Moores R IN-7
317 Sydney E. Mudd II R MD-5
318 Charles A. Nichols R MI-13
319 William B. Oliver D AL-6
320 Richard Olney II D MA-14
321 Arthur W. Overmyer D OH-13 Last term while serving in the House.
322 Harry H. Pratt R NY-37 Last term while serving in the House.
323 C. William Ramseyer R IA-6
324 Charles H. Randall Proh CA-9 Prohibition
325 C. Frank Reavis R NE-1
326 Frederick W. Rowe R NY-6
327 Charles H. Rowland R PA-21 Last term while serving in the House.
328 Rollin B. Sanford R NY-28
329 Thomas D. Schall R MN-10
330 Frank D. Scott R MI-11
331 John R. K. Scott R PA-al Resigned on January 5, 1919 while still serving in the House.
332 William J. Sears D FL-4 Chairman: Education
333 Jouett Shouse D KS-7 Last term while serving in the House.
334 Isaac Siegel R NY-20
335 Homer P. Snyder R NY-33
336 Henry B. Steagall D AL-3
337 Henry J. Steele D PA-26
338 Walter R. Stiness R RI-2
339 Burton E. Sweet R IA-3
340 Oscar W. Swift R NY-9 Last term while serving in the House.
341 Peter F. Tague D MA-10 Last term while serving in the House until seated in 66th Congress
342 John N. Tillman D AR-3
343 Charles B. Timberlake R CO-2
344 George H. Tinkham R MA-11
345 Carl Van Dyke D MN-4
346 Joseph Walsh R MA-16
347 Charles B. Ward R NY-27
348 Edward H. Wason R NH-2
349 Henry W. Watson R PA-8
350 Loren E. Wheeler R IL-21
351 Thomas S. Williams R IL-24
352 Riley J. Wilson D LA-5 Chairman: Elections No. 1
353 James W. Wise D GA-6
354 William R. Wood R IN-10
355 Samuel J. Nicholls D SC-4 September 14, 1915
356 Norman J. Gould R NY-36 November 2, 1915
357 Bertrand H. Snell R NY-31
358 William W. Venable D MS-5 January 4, 1916
359 George M. Bowers R WV-2 May 9, 1916
360 Thomas W. Harrison D VA-7 November 7, 1916
Two non-consecutive terms
361 Andrew R. Brodbeck D PA-20 March 4, 1917 Previously served 1913–15 while in the House. Last term while serving in the House.
362 Benjamin L. Fairchild R NY-24 Previously served 1895–97. Last term while serving in the House until 67th Congress.
363 Daniel E. Garrett D TX-al Previously served 1913–15 while in the House. Last term while serving in the House until 67th Congress.
364 M. Clyde Kelly Prog PA-30 Previously served (Republican) 1913–15 while in the House.
365 Augustine Lonergan D CT-1 Previously served 1913–15 while in the House.
366 Edward E. Robbins R PA-22 Previously served 1897–99 while in the House. Died January 25, 1919 while still serving in the House.
367 James W. Overstreet D GA-1 Previously served October 3, 1906–07 while in the House.
One term
368 Mark R. Bacon R MI-2 March 4, 1917 Unseated after recount: December 13, 1917
369 William B. Bankhead D AL-10
370 Oscar E. Bland R IN-2
371 Thomas L. Blanton D TX-16
372 Orrin D. Bleakley R PA-28 Resigned as Representative-elect April 3, 1917 (never qualified)
... Charles H. Brand D GA-8 Special election January 11, 1917 (before start of the term) [6]
373 Guy E. Campbell D PA-32
374 Thomas A. Chandler R OK-1 Only term until 67th Congress
375 Henry A. Clark R PA-25 Only term while serving in the House.
376 David G. Classon R WI-9
377 Daniel W. Comstock R IN-6 Died on May 19, 1917 while still serving in the House.
378 Tom T. Connally D TX-11
379 Gilbert A. Currie R MI-10
380 George K. Denton D IN-1 Only term while serving in the House.
381 Frederick H. Dominick D SC-3
382 Herbert J. Drane D FL-1
383 Louis W. Fairfield R IN-12
384 Hubert F. Fisher D TN-10
385 George B. Francis R NY-18 Only term while serving in the House.
386 Alvan T. Fuller Ind R MA-9 Independent Republican[7]
387 Louis B. Goodall R ME-1
388 William J. Graham R IL-14
389 Victor Heintz R OH-2 Only term while serving in the House.
390 Ira G. Hersey R ME-4
391 Clifford C. Ireland R IL-16
392 John M. Jones D TX-13
393 Niels Juul R IL-7
394 J. Walter Kehoe D FL-3 Only term while serving in the House.
395 Harold Knutson R MN-6
396 Milton Kraus R IN-11
397 Fiorello H. La Guardia R NY-14
398 William W. Larsen D GA-12
399 Clarence F. Lea D CA-1
400 Edward C. Little R KS-2
401 Ernest Lundeen R MN-5 Only term while serving in the House until 73rd Congress
402 George R. Lunn D NY-30 Only term while serving in the House.
403 Joseph J. Mansfield D TX-9
404 Charles Martin D IL-4 Died on October 28, 1917 while still serving in the House.
405 J. Medill McCormick R IL-al Only term while serving in the House.
406 Thomas D. McKeown D OK-4
407 Joseph McLaughlin R PA-al Only term while serving in the House until 67th Congress
408 John F. Miller R WA-1
409 Daniel C. Oliver D NY-23 Only term while serving in the House.
410 Henry Z. Osborne R CA-10
411 Albert F. Polk D DE-al Only term while serving in the House.
412 Fred S. Purnell R IN-9
413 John R. Ramsey R NJ-6
414 Jeannette Rankin R MT-2 Only term while serving in the House until 77th Congress. First female Representative.
415 Stuart F. Reed R WV-3
416 Leonidas D. Robinson D NC-7
417 Milton A. Romjue D MO-1
418 John M. Rose R PA-19
419 Archie D. Sanders R NY-39
420 Everett Sanders R IN-5
421 Jared Y. Sanders, Sr. D LA-6
422 Bruce F. Sterling D PA-23 Only term while serving in the House.
... William F. Stevenson D SC-5 Special election February 21, 1917 (before start of the term) [8]
423 Nathan L. Strong R PA-27
424 Christopher D. Sullivan D NY-13 Chairman: Expenditures in the Labor Department
425 Thomas W. Templeton R PA-11 Only term while serving in the House.
426 Albert H. Vestal R IN-8
427 Edward Voigt R WI-2
428 William F. Waldow R NY-42 Only term while serving in the House.
429 William B. Walton D NM-al Only term while serving in the House.
430 Zebulon Weaver D NC-10 Unseated after election contest: March 1, 1919
431 Milton H. Welling D UT-1
432 Benjamin F. Welty D OH-4
433 Wallace H. White, Jr. R ME-2
434 James C. Wilson D TX-12 Resigned to become US District Judge: March 3, 1919
435 Frederick N. Zihlman R MD-6
Members joining the House, after the start of the Congress
... Thomas F. Smith D NY-15 April 12, 1917 Special election
... Sherman E. Burroughs R NH-1 May 29, 1917 Special election
... Richard N. Elliott R IN-6 June 29, 1917 Special election
... John M. Baer R ND-1 July 20, 1917 Special election
... Earl H. Beshlin R PA-28 November 6, 1917 Special election. Only term while serving in the House.
... Willfred W. Lufkin R MA-6 Special election
... Schuyler Merritt R CT-4 Special election
... Samuel W. Beakes R MI-2 December 13, 1917 Previously served 1913–17 while in the House. Seated after recount. Last term while serving in the House.
... William C. Wright D GA-4 January 16, 1918 Special election
... William E. Cleary D NY-8 March 15, 1918 Special election
... John J. Delaney D NY-7 Special election. Only term while serving in the House.
... Jerome F. Donovan D NY-21 Special election
... Anthony J. Griffin D NY-22 Special election
... John W. Rainey D IL-4 April 2, 1918 Special election
... S. Otis Bland D VA-1 July 2, 1918 Special election
... Carville D. Benson D MD-2 November 5, 1918 Special election
... William F. Birch R NJ-5 Special election. Only term while serving in the House.
... Martin L. Davey D OH-14 Special election
... Frederick Essen D MO-10 Special election. Only term while serving in the House.
... Florian Lampert R WI-6 Special election
... Adolphus P. Nelson R WI-11 Special election
... James P. Woods D VA-6 February 25, 1919 Special election
... James J. Britt R NC-10 March 1, 1919 Previously served 1915–17 while in the House. Seated after election contest. Last term while serving in the House.
Non voting members
a Jonah K. Kalaniana'ole R HI-al March 4, 1903 Territorial Delegate
b Jaime C. De Veyra N PI-al March 4, 1917 Resident Commissioner. Nationalist Party (PI).
c Charles A. Sulzer D AK-al Territorial Delegate. Unseated after election contest: January 7, 1919.
Last term until 66th Congress.
d Teodoro R. Yangco N PI-al Resident Commissioner. Nationalist Party (PI).
e Félix Córdova Dávila U PR-al August 7, 1917 Resident Commissioner. Unionist Party (PR).
f James Wickersham R AK-al January 7, 1919 Territorial Delegate. Previously served 1909–17 while in the House.
Seated after election contest. Last term until 66th Congress.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 112th Congress official House seniority list
  2. ^ Congress at the Crossroads, pp. 186-189 and see Cannon's Precedents, Volume VIII (8), Chapter CCXXXIV (234) for the rules and precedents applied by the House after 1910
  3. ^ Nelson W. Polsby, "The Growth of the Seniority System in the U.S. House of Representatives" American Political Science Review 63.3 (1970):787-807
  4. ^ Based on Rule X Organisation of Committees, in the House Rules and Manual for the 111th Congress. For numbers of committee members, see section 2183 of Cannon's Precedents Volume VIII (8), Chapter CCXXXIV (234). For establishment of standing committees see [1]
  5. ^ United States Congressional Elections, 1788–1997 page 409. Classified as a Republican from the 65th Congress by the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
  6. ^ United States Congressional Elections, 1788–1997 page 417. Not a candidate at the special election, on the same day, for the 64th Congress (page 406).
  7. ^ Congressional Biographical Directory Index=F000405
  8. ^ United States Congressional Elections, 1788–1997 page 417. Not a candidate at the special election, on the same day, for the 64th Congress (page 406).

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov.

  • Cannon's Precedents (U.S. Government Printing Office via GPO Access) [2]
  • Congress at the Crossroads, by George B. Galloway (Thomas Y. Crowell Company 1946)
  • United States Congressional Elections 1788–1997, by Michael J. Dubin (McFarland and Company 1998) ISBN 0-7864-0283-0

External links[edit]