List of Menteris Besar of Pahang

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Menteri Besar of Pahang
Coat of arms of Pahang.svg
Adnan Yaakob

since 20 May 1999
Government of Pahang
Style Yang Amat Berhormat (The Most Honourable)
Member of Pahang State Executive Council
Reports to Pahang State Legislative Assembly
Residence Jalan Telok Sisek, 25000 Kuantan, Pahang
Seat Wisma Sri Pahang, 25502 Kuantan, Pahang
Appointer Ahmad Shah
Sultan of Pahang
Term length While commanding the confidence of the Pahang State Legislative Assembly
With State Elections held no more than five years apart
Inaugural holder Mahmud Mat
Formation 1 February 1948; 69 years ago (1948-02-01)

The Menteri Besar of Pahang is the head of government in the Malaysian state of Pahang. According to convention, the Menteri Besar is the leader of the majority party or largest coalition party of the Pahang State Legislative Assembly.

The 13th and current Menteri Besar of Pahang is Adnan Yaakob, who took office on 20 May 1999.


According to the state constitution, the Sultan of Pahang shall first appoint the Menteri Besar to preside over the Executive Council and requires such Menteri Besar to be a member of the Legislative Assembly who in his judgment is likely to command the confidence of the majority of the members of the Assembly, must be an ethnic Malay who professes the religion of Islam and must not a Malaysian citizen by naturalisation or by registration. The Sultan on the Menteri Besar's advice shall appoint not more than ten nor less than four members from among the members of the Legislative Assembly.

The member of the Executive Council must take and subscribe in the presence of the Sultan the oath of office and allegiance as well as the oath of secrecy before they can exercise the functions of office. The Executive Council shall be collectively responsible to the Legislative Assembly. The members of the Executive Council shall not hold any office of profit and engage in any trade, business or profession that will cause conflict of interest.

If a government cannot get its appropriation (budget) legislation passed by the Legislative Assembly, or the Legislative Assembly passes a vote of "no confidence" in the government, the Menteri Besar is bound by convention to resign immediately. The Sultan's choice of replacement Menteri Besar will be dictated by the circumstances. A member of the Executive Council other than the Menteri Besar shall hold office during the pleasure of the Sultan, unless the appointment of any member of the Executive Council shall have been revoked by the Sultan on the advice of the Menteri Besar but may at any time resign his office.

Following a resignation in other circumstances, defeated in an election or the death of the Menteri Besar, the Sultan will generally appoint as Menteri Besar the person voted by the governing party as their new leader.


The power of the Menteri Besar is subject to a number of limitations. Menteri Besar removed as leader of his or her party, or whose government loses a vote of no confidence in the Legislative Assembly, must advise a state election or resign the office or be dismissed by the Sultan. The defeat of a supply bill (one that concerns the spending of money) or unable to pass important policy-related legislation is seen to require the resignation of the government or dissolution of Legislative Assembly, much like a non-confidence vote, since a government that cannot spend money is hamstrung, also called loss of supply.

The Menteri Besar's party will normally have a majority in the Legislative Assembly and party discipline is exceptionally strong in Pahang politics, so passage of the government's legislation through the Legislative Assembly is mostly a formality.

Caretaker Menteri Besar[edit]

The legislative assembly unless sooner dissolved by the Sultan with His Majesty's own discretion on the advice of the Menteri Besar shall continue for five years from the date of its first meeting. The state constitution permits a delay of 60 days of general election to be held from the date of dissolution and the legislative assembly shall be summoned to meet on a date not later than 120 days from the date of dissolution. Conventionally, between the dissolution of one legislative assembly and the convening of the next, the Menteri Besar and the executive council remain in office in a caretaker capacity.

List of Menteris Besar of Pahang[edit]

The following is the list of Menteris Besar of Pahang since 1948:[1][2]

Colour key (for political parties):
  Alliance Party   Barisan Nasional

Portrait Name
Political party[a] Term of office Electoral
Mahmud Mat
(b. unknown–d. unknown)
UMNO 1 February 1948 1 February 1951
Tengku Mohamad Sultan Ahmad
UMNO 1 February 1951 1 February 1955
Alliance (UMNO)
Abdul Razak Hussein
Alliance (UMNO) 1 February 1955 15 June 1955
Tengku Mohamad Sultan Ahmad
Alliance (UMNO) 15 June 1955 8 January 1957
Raja Abdullah Tok Muda Ibrahim
(b. unknown–d. unknown)
Alliance (UMNO) 9 January 1957 18 July 1959
Wan Abdul Aziz Ungku Abdullah
(b. unknown–d. unknown)
MLA for Chenor, 1959–1964
Alliance (UMNO) 18 July 1959 5 May 1964

1959 (1st)

Yahya Mohd Seth
(b. unknown–d. unknown)
MLA for Sanggang, 1959–1974
Alliance (UMNO) 5 May 1964 1 September 1972

1964 (2nd)
1969 (3rd)

Abdul Aziz Ahmad
(b. unknown–d. unknown)
MLA for Beserah, 1959–1974
Alliance (UMNO) 1 September 1972 18 July 1974

– (3rd)

Muhammad Jusoh
MLA for Kuala Pahang, 1959–1978
BN (UMNO) 19 July 1974 18 July 1978

– (3rd)
1974 (4th)

Abdul Rahim Abu Bakar
MLA for Beserah, 1978–1982
BN (UMNO) 19 July 1978 7 November 1981

1978 (5th)

Abdul Rashid Abdul Rahman
(b. 1938)
MLA for Paya Besar, 1974–1986
BN (UMNO) 7 November 1981 4 May 1982

– (5th)

Najib Razak 2008-08-21.jpg Najib Razak
(b. 1953)
MLA for Bandar Pekan, 1982–1986
BN (UMNO) 4 May 1982 14 August 1986

1982 (6th)

Mohd Khalil Yaakob
(b. 1937)
MLA for Bukit Ibam, 1978–1982
MLA for Bukit Tajau, 1986−1995
MLA for Lepar, 1995−1999
BN (UMNO) 14 August 1986 20 May 1999

1986 (7th)
1990 (8th)
1995 (9th)

Adnan Yaakob
(b. 1950)
MLA for Pelangai, since 1986
BN (UMNO) 20 May 1999 Incumbent

– (9th)
1999 (10th)
2004 (11th)
2008 (12th)
2013 (13th)

  1. ^ This column names only the Menteri Besar's party. The state government he heads may be a complex coalition of several parties and independents; those are not listed here.

Living former Menteris Besar[edit]

Name Term of office Date of birth
Abdul Rashid Abdul Rahman 1981–1982 1938 (age 79)
Najib Razak 1982–1986 23 July 1953 (age 63)
Mohd Khalil Yaakob 1986–1999 29 December 1937 (age 79)


  1. ^ "Senarai YAB Menteri Besar Terdahulu" (in Malay). Pahang State Government. Retrieved 15 April 2011. 
  2. ^ "Pahang". Retrieved 15 April 2011.