List of Menteris Besar of Perlis

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Menteri Besar of Perlis
Coat of arms of Perlis.svg
Tuan Azlan Bin Man.jpg
Azlan Man

since 7 May 2013
Government of Perlis
Style Yang Amat Berhormat (The Most Honourable)
Member of Perlis State Executive Council
Reports to Perlis State Legislative Assembly
Residence Jalan Tun Abdul Razak, Kangar, Perlis
Seat Aras 3, Kompleks Dewan Undangan Negeri, Persiaran Wawasan, 01000 Kangar, Perlis
Appointer Sirajuddin
Raja of Perlis
Term length While commanding the confidence of the Perlis State Legislative Assembly
With State Elections held no more than five years apart
Constituting instrument Constitution of the State of Perlis
Inaugural holder Raja Ahmad Raja Endut
Formation 1 February 1948; 69 years ago (1948-02-01)

The Menteri Besar of Perlis is the head of government in the Malaysian state of Perlis. According to convention, the Menteri Besar is the leader of the majority party or largest coalition party of the Perlis State Legislative Assembly.

The 9th and current Menteri Besar of Perlis is Azlan Man, who took office on 7 May 2013.


According to the state constitution, the Raja of Perlis shall first appoint the Menteri Besar to preside over the Executive Council and requires such Menteri Besar to be a member of the Legislative Assembly who in his judgment is likely to command the confidence of the majority of the members of the Assembly, must be an ethnic Malay who professes the religion of Islam and must not a Malaysian citizen by naturalisation or by registration. The Raja on the Menteri Besar's advice shall appoint not more than ten nor less than four members from among the members of the Legislative Assembly.

The member of the Executive Council must take and subscribe in the presence of the Raja the oath of office and allegiance as well as the oath of secrecy before they can exercise the functions of office. The Executive Council shall be collectively responsible to the Legislative Assembly. The members of the Executive Council shall not hold any office of profit and engage in any trade, business or profession that will cause conflict of interest.

If a government cannot get its appropriation (budget) legislation passed by the Legislative Assembly, or the Legislative Assembly passes a vote of "no confidence" in the government, the Menteri Besar is bound by convention to resign immediately. The Raja's choice of replacement Menteri Besar will be dictated by the circumstances. A member of the Executive Council other than the Menteri Besar shall hold office during the pleasure of the Raja, unless the appointment of any member of the Executive Council shall have been revoked by the Raja on the advice of the Menteri Besar but may at any time resign his office.

Following a resignation in other circumstances, defeated in an election or the death of the Menteri Besar, the Raja will generally appoint as Menteri Besar the person voted by the governing party as their new leader.


The power of the Menteri Besar is subject to a number of limitations. Menteri Besar removed as leader of his or her party, or whose government loses a vote of no confidence in the Legislative Assembly, must advise a state election or resign the office or be dismissed by the Raja. The defeat of a supply bill (one that concerns the spending of money) or unable to pass important policy-related legislation is seen to require the resignation of the government or dissolution of Legislative Assembly, much like a non-confidence vote, since a government that cannot spend money is hamstrung, also called loss of supply.

The Menteri Besar's party will normally have a majority in the Legislative Assembly and party discipline is exceptionally strong in Perlis politics, so passage of the government's legislation through the Legislative Assembly is mostly a formality.

Caretaker Menteri Besar[edit]

The legislative assembly unless sooner dissolved by the Raja with His Majesty's own discretion on the advice of the Menteri Besar shall continue for five years from the date of its first meeting. The state constitution permits a delay of 60 days of general election to be held from the date of dissolution and the legislative assembly shall be summoned to meet on a date not later than 120 days from the date of dissolution. Conventionally, between the dissolution of one legislative assembly and the convening of the next, the Menteri Besar and the executive council remain in office in a caretaker capacity.

List of Menteris Besar of Perlis[edit]

The following is the list of Menteris Besar of Perlis since 1948:[1]

Colour key (for political parties):
  Alliance Party   Barisan Nasional

Portrait Name
Political party[a] Term of office Electoral
Raja Ahmad Raja Endut
No party 1 February 1948 30 January 1957
Mohd Razali Mohamed Ali Wasi
(1903–d. unknown)
No party 31 January 1957 30 April 1959
Sheikh Ahmad Mohd Hashim
(1896–d. unknown)
MLC for Paya, 1955–1959
MLA for Bintong, 1959–1964
MLA for Kuala Perlis, 1964–1974
Alliance (UMNO) 1 May 1959 31 December 1971

1959 (1st)
1964 (2nd)
1969 (3rd)

Jaafar Hassan
(1926–d. unknown)
MLA for Sanglang, 1969–1974
MLA for Bintong, 1974–1982
Alliance (UMNO) 1 January 1972 22 October 1981

– (3rd)
1974 (4th)
1978 (5th)

Ali Ahmad
(1925–d. unknown)
MLA for Oran, 1978–1986
BN (UMNO) 1 November 1981 13 August 1986

– (5th)
1982 (6th)

Abdul Hamid Pawanteh
(b. 1944)
MLA for Kota Raja, 1986–1995
BN (UMNO) 13 August 1986 6 May 1995

1986 (7th)
1990 (8th)

Datuk Seri Shahidan Kassim.jpg Shahidan Kassim
(b. 1951)
MLA for Tambun Tulang, 1995–2013
BN (UMNO) 6 May 1995 17 March 2008

1995 (9th)
1999 (10th)
2004 (11th)

Md Isa Sabu
(b. 1946)
MLA for Bintong, 1986–1995,
BN (UMNO) 17 March 2008 7 May 2013 2008 (12th)
Tuan Azlan Bin Man.jpg Azlan Man
(b. 1958)
MLA for Pauh, since 2013
BN (UMNO) 7 May 2013 Incumbent 2013 (13th)
  1. ^ This column names only the Menteri Besar's party. The state government he heads may be a complex coalition of several parties and independents; those are not listed here.

Living former Menteris Besar[edit]

Name Term of office Date of birth
Abdul Hamid Pawanteh 1986–1995 27 July 1944 (age 72)
Shahidan Kassim 1995–2008 17 June 1951 (age 65)
Md Isa Sabu 2008–2013 24 August 1946 (age 70)


  1. ^ Ex-Chief Minister Perlis State Government. Accessed 10 June 2010