List of Menteris Besar of Terengganu

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Menteri Besar of Terengganu
Coat of arms of Terengganu.svg
Incumbent
Ahmad Razif Abdul Rahman

since 12 May 2014
Government of Terengganu
Style Yang Amat Berhormat (The Most Honourable)
Member of Terengganu State Executive Council
Reports to Terengganu State Legislative Assembly
Residence Jalan Batu Buruk, Kampung Batu Buruk, 20400 Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu
Seat Tingkat 16, Wisma Darul Iman, 20502 Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu
Appointer Mizan Zainal Abidin
Sultan of Terengganu
Term length While commanding the confidence of the Terengganu State Legislative Assembly
With State Elections held no more than five years apart
Inaugural holder Ngah Muhamad Yusof
Formation 21 April 1925; 92 years ago (1925-04-21)
Website pmb.terengganu.gov.my

The Menteri Besar of Terengganu is the head of government in the Malaysian state of Terengganu. According to convention, the Menteri Besar is the leader of the majority party or largest coalition party of the Terengganu State Legislative Assembly.

The 14th and current Menteri Besar of Terengganu is Ahmad Razif Abdul Rahman, who took office on 12 May 2014.

Appointment[edit]

According to the state constitution, the Sultan of Terengganu shall first appoint the Menteri Besar to preside over the Executive Council and requires such Menteri Besar to be a member of the Legislative Assembly who in his judgment is likely to command the confidence of the majority of the members of the Assembly, must be an ethnic Malay who professes the religion of Islam, and must not be a Malaysian citizen by naturalisation or by registration. The Sultan on the Menteri Besar's advice shall appoint not more than ten nor less than four members from among the members of the Legislative Assembly.

The member of the Executive Council must take and subscribe in the presence of the Sultan the oath of office and allegiance as well as the oath of secrecy before they can exercise the functions of office. The Executive Council shall be collectively responsible to the Legislative Assembly. The members of the Executive Council shall not hold any office of profit and engage in any trade, business or profession that will cause a conflict of interest.

If a government cannot get its appropriation (budget) legislation passed by the Legislative Assembly, or the Legislative Assembly passes a vote of "no confidence" in the government, the Menteri Besar is bound by convention to resign immediately. The Sultan's choice of replacement Menteri Besar will be dictated by the circumstances. A member of the Executive Council other than the Menteri Besar shall hold office during the pleasure of the Sultan, unless the appointment of any member of the Executive Council shall have been revoked by the Sultan on the advice of the Menteri Besar, but may at any time resign his office.

Following a resignation in other circumstances, defeat in an election or the death of the Menteri Besar, the Sultan will generally appoint as Menteri Besar the person voted by the governing party as their new leader.

Powers[edit]

The power of the Menteri Besar is subject to a number of limitations. A Menteri Besar removed as leader of his or her party, or whose government loses a vote of no confidence in the Legislative Assembly, must advise a state election or resign the office or be dismissed by the Sultan. The defeat of a supply bill (one that concerns the spending of money) or inability to pass important policy-related legislation is seen to require the resignation of the government or dissolution of Legislative Assembly, much like a non-confidence vote, since a government that cannot spend money is hamstrung, a condition called loss of supply.

The Menteri Besar's party will normally have a majority in the Legislative Assembly and party discipline is exceptionally strong in Terengganu politics, so passage of the government's legislation through the Legislative Assembly is mostly a formality.

Caretaker Menteri Besar[edit]

The Legislative Assembly, unless sooner dissolved by the Sultan with His Majesty's own discretion on the advice of the Menteri Besar, shall continue for five years from the date of its first meeting. The state constitution permits a delay of 60 days from the date of dissolution for a general election to be held, and the legislative assembly shall be summoned to meet on a date not later than 120 days from the date of dissolution. Conventionally, between the dissolution of one legislative assembly and the convening of the next, the Menteri Besar and the Executive Council remain in office in a caretaker capacity.

List of Menteris Besar of Terengganu[edit]

The following is the list of Menteris Besar of Terengganu since 1925:[1]

Colour key (for political parties):
  Alliance Party   Barisan Nasional   Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Constituency
Political party[a] Term of office Electoral
mandates
(Assembly)
Ngah Muhamad Yusof
(1878–1940)
No party 21 April 1925 28 June 1940
Tengku Omar Othman
(b. unknown–d. unknown)
No party 15 July 1940 6 May 1942
Da Omar Mahmud
(b. unknown–d. unknown)
No party 17 May 1942 16 December 1945
Tengku Mohamad Sultan Ahmad
(1901–1957)
No party 17 December 1945 26 December 1949
Raja Kamaruddin Idris
(b. unknown–d. unknown)
No party 27 December 1949 June 1959
Mohd Daud Abdul Samad
(1926–1983)
MLA for Setiu, 1959–1964
PMIP 29 June 1959 8 November 1961

1959 (1st)

Ibrahim Fikri Mohammad
(b. unknown–d. unknown)
MLC for Kuala Trengganu Utara, 1955–1959
MLA for Kuala Nerus, 1959–1973
Alliance (UMNO) 9 November 1961 3 September 1970

– (1st)
1964 (2nd)
1969 (3rd)

Mahmood Sulaiman
(b. unknown–d. unknown)
MLA for Ulu Trengganu Barat, 1964–1974
Alliance (UMNO) 1 October 1970 4 September 1971

– (3rd)

Nik Hassan Wan Abdul Rahman
(1928–d. unknown)
MLA for Batu Rakit, 1971–1974
Alliance (UMNO) 5 September 1971 3 August 1974 – (3rd)
BN (UMNO)
Wan Mokhtar Ahmad
(b. 1932)
MLA for Chukai, 1974–1999
BN (UMNO) 1 September 1974 2 December 1999

1974 (4th)
1978 (5th)
1982 (6th)
1986 (7th)
1990 (8th)
1995 (9th)

Tuan Guru Dato' Seri Haji Abdul Hadi Awang.jpg Abdul Hadi Awang
(b. 1947)
MLA for Marang, 1982–1986
MLA for Ru Rendang, since 1986
PAS 2 December 1999 25 March 2004

1999 (10th)

DSIJ Side Profile.JPG Idris Jusoh
(b. 1955)
MLA for Jertih, 2004–2013
BN (UMNO) 25 March 2004 25 March 2008

2004 (11th)

Ahmad Said
(b. 1957)
MLA for Kijal, 1990–1999,
since 2004
BN (UMNO) 25 March 2008 12 May 2014

2008 (12th)
2013 (13th)

Ahmad Razif Abdul Rahman
(b. 1965)
MLA for Seberang Takir, since 2008
BN (UMNO) 12 May 2014 Incumbent

– (13th)

  1. ^ This column names only the Menteri Besar's party. The state government he heads may be a complex coalition of several parties and independents; those are not listed here.

Living former Menteris Besar[edit]

Name Term of office Date of birth
Wan Mokhtar Ahmad 1974–1999 21 March 1932 (age 85)
Abdul Hadi Awang 1999–2004 20 October 1947 (age 69)
Idris Jusoh 2004–2008 15 November 1955 (age 61)
Ahmad Said 2008–2014 15 February 1957 (age 60)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Terengganu". WorldStatesmen.org. Retrieved 13 April 2011. 

External links[edit]