List of Metropolitans of Montenegro

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Remains of the original Cetinje Monastery near the new "Court Church" in Cetinje

This article lists the Metropolitans of Montenegro, leaders of the Serbian Orthodox Metropolitanate of Montenegro and the Littoral, and their predecessors (bishops and metropolitans of Zeta, and Cetinje), from 1219 to the present day.[1]

Background[edit]

Bishops of Zeta (1219-1346)
  • Ilarion (1220–1242)
  • German (1242–?)
  • Neofit (1250–1270)
  • Jevstatije (1270–1278)
  • Mihailo I (?–?)
  • Andrija (?–?)
  • Jovan (1293–1305)
  • Mihailo II (1305–1319)
Metropolitans of Zeta (1346-1485)
  • Jevtimije (1405)
  • Arsenije (1405–1417)
  • David (1424)
  • Teodosije (before 1446)
  • Josif (1453)
  • Visarion I (1482–1485)
Metropolitans of Cetinje (1485-1697)

Hereditary Metropolitans (Prince-Bishops) from the House of Petrović-Njegoš[edit]

No. Primate Portrait Reign Notes
1 Danilo I
Данило I
Vladika danilo -172950031.jpg 1697–1735 Founder of the House of Petrović-Njegoš.
2 Sava II
Сава II
Vladika sava.jpg 1735–1781 Co-ruled with Vasilije III from 1750 until 1766.
3 Vasilije III
Василије III
Vasilije petrovic.jpg 1750–1766 Co-ruled with Sava II.
4 Arsenije Plamenac
Арсеније Пламенац
No image.png 1781–1784
5 Petar I
Петар I
Saint Peter of Cetinje.jpg 1784–1830 Canonized by the Serbian Orthodox Church as St. Petar of Cetinje.
6 Petar II
Петар II
Petar II Petrovic-Njegos.jpg 1830–1851

Metropolitans of Montenegro, Brda and the Littoral[edit]

No. Primate Portrait Reign Notes
1 Nikanor
Никанор
No image.png 1858–1860 The first Vladika after centuries to only serve religious function.
Banished to the Russian Empire by Prince Nikola; died in 1894.
2 Ilarion II
Иларион II
Ilarion Roganović.jpg 1860–1882
3 Visarion III
Висарион III
Visarion Ljubisa 1884 Vilimek.png 1882–1884
4 Mitrofan
Митрофан
Митрополит Митрофан (Бан).JPG 1884–1920
5 Gavrilo
Гаврило
Патријарх Гаврило (Дожић).jpg 1920–1938 First Metropolitan under the reunified Serbian Orthodox Church.
Served as the 41st Serbian Patriarch from 1938 to 1950.
6 Joanikije
Јоаникије
Иоанникий (Липовац).jpg 1940–1945 Executed by the Yugoslav Partisans at the end of World War II for collaboration with Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany.
Canonized as a saint by the Serbian Orthodox Church.
7 Arsenije
Арсеније
No image.png 1947–1961 Imprisoned by the Yugoslav authorities from 1954 to 1960.
8 Danilo II
Данило II
No image.png 1961–1990 Retired at his own request; died in 1993.
9 Amfilohije
Амфилохије
Velibor Džomić & Amfilohije Radović crop.jpg 1990–present

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Sources[edit]

  • Bataković, Dušan T., ed. (2005). Histoire du peuple serbe [History of the Serbian People] (in French). Lausanne: L’Age d’Homme.
  • Cattaruzza, Amaël; Michels, Patrick (2005). "Dualité orthodoxe au Monténégro". Balkanologie: Revue d'études pluridisciplinaires. 9 (1–2): 235–253.
  • Ćirković, Sima (2004). The Serbs. Malden: Blackwell Publishing.
  • Džankić, Jelena (2016). "Religion and Identity in Montenegro". Monasticism in Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Republics. London-New York: Routledge. pp. 110–129.
  • Fotić, Aleksandar (2008). "Serbian Orthodox Church". Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire. New York: Infobase Publishing. pp. 519–520.
  • Morrison, Kenneth (2009). Montenegro: A Modern History. London-New York: I.B.Tauris.
  • Morrison, Kenneth; Čagorović, Nebojša (2014). "The Political Dynamics of Intra-Orthodox Conflict in Montenegro". Politicization of Religion, the Power of State, Nation, and Faith: The Case of Former Yugoslavia and its Successor States. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 151–170.
  • Pavlovich, Paul (1989). The History of the Serbian Orthodox Church. Serbian Heritage Books.
  • Popović, Svetlana (2002). "The Serbian Episcopal sees in the thirteenth century". Старинар (51: 2001): 171–184.
  • Sotirović, Vladislav B. (2011). "The Serbian Patriarchate of Peć in the Ottoman Empire: The First Phase (1557–94)". 25 (2): 143–169.
  • Вуковић, Сава (1996). Српски јерарси од деветог до двадесетог века (Serbian Hierarchs from the 9th to the 20th Century). Евро, Унирекс, Каленић.

External links[edit]