List of Microsoft codenames

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Microsoft codenames are given by Microsoft to products it has in development before these products are given the names by which they appear on store shelves. Many of these products (new versions of Windows in particular) are of major significance to the IT community, and so the terms are often widely used in discussions before the official release. Microsoft usually does not announce a final name until shortly before the product is publicly available. It is not uncommon for Microsoft to reuse codenames a few years after a previous usage has been abandoned.

There has been some suggestion that Microsoft may move towards defining the real name of their upcoming products earlier in the product development lifecycle to avoid needing product codenames.[1]

Operating systems[edit]

Windows 3.x and 9x[edit]

Codename Preliminary name Final name Notes Ref
Janus N/A Windows 3.1 Same codename as Windows 2000 64-bit. [2][3][4]
Sparta, Winball Windows 3.1 Plus Windows for Workgroups 3.1 Windows 3.1 (16-bit) with enhanced networking; designed to work particularly well as a client with the new Windows NT. [5][6]
Snowball N/A Windows for Workgroups 3.11 Although this release was still 16-bit Windows, it included a 32-bit TCP/IP stack (when running on compatible hardware). Along with Win32s, this was one of the first steps towards moving the Windows desktop to a 32-bit code base. [7]
Chicago Windows 4.0, Windows 93, Windows 94 Windows 95 For codenames of some of the internal components of Windows 95, see "Jaguar", "Cougar", "Panther" and "Stimpy" under § OS components. [8][9]
Detroit N/A Windows 95 OSR 2 Named after Detroit, Michigan. A writer for Maximum PC suggested that "Detroit" and other Windows 95-era names were answers to the question posed by Microsoft's "Where do you want to go today?" marketing campaign. [10]
Nashville Windows 96 Dropped Canceled upgrade for Windows 95; sometimes referred to in the press as Windows 96. Codename was reused for Internet Explorer 4.0 and Windows Desktop Update which incorporated many of the technologies planned for Nashville. [11][12]
Memphis Windows 97 Windows 98 N/A [13][14]
Millennium N/A Windows Me ME stands for Millennium Edition. but Microsoft stated that it's pronounced Me. [15]

Windows NT family[edit]

Codename Preliminary name Final name Notes Ref
Razzle NT OS/2 Windows NT 3.1 Is also the name of a script that sets up the Windows NT development environment. [16][17]
Daytona N/A Windows NT 3.5 Named after the Daytona International Speedway in Daytona Beach, Florida. [18]
Cairo N/A Dropped A cancelled project that would have fulfilled Bill Gates' "Information at your fingertips" vision. [19]
Shell Update Release N/A Windows NT 4.0 N/A
Wolfpack N/A Microsoft Cluster Server N/A [20]
Janus N/A Windows 2000 64-bit Windows 2000 did not have a codename because, according to Dave Thompson of Windows NT team, "Jim Allchin didn't like codenames". [21][22]
Impala N/A Windows NT 4.0 Embedded N/A [23]
Neptune N/A Dropped Planned to be a major upgrade for Windows 2000 and Windows 98 (later Windows Me), merged with Odyssey to form Whistler. [24]
Triton N/A Dropped A planned minor update to "Neptune".
Odyssey N/A Dropped Planned to be a major upgrade for "Neptune" and "Triton", merged with Neptune to form Whistler.
Whistler N/A Windows XP Named after Whistler Blackcomb, where design retreats were held.
Mantis N/A Windows XP Embedded Named after the Mantis shrimp [23]
Freestyle N/A Windows XP Media Center Edition N/A [25][26]
Harmony N/A Windows XP Media Center Edition 2004 N/A [27]
Symphony N/A Windows XP Media Center Edition 2005 N/A [28]
Emerald N/A Windows XP Media Center Edition 2005 Update Rollup 2 N/A [29]
Diamond N/A Windows Media Center Included with Windows Vista [29]
Springboard N/A N/A Set of enhanced security features, included in Windows XP Service Pack 2. [30]
Lonestar N/A Windows XP Tablet PC Edition 2005 N/A [31]
Whistler Server Windows 2002 Server,
Windows .NET Server,
Windows .NET Server 2003
Windows Server 2003 N/A [32][33]
Bobcat N/A Windows Small Business Server 2003 Not to be confused with Microsoft Bob. [34]
Eiger, Mönch N/A Windows Fundamentals for Legacy PCs Mönch included additional features for use on mobile devices. [35][36]
Longhorn N/A Windows Vista Named after the Longhorn Bar in the Whistler Blackcomb ski resort; initially planned as a "minor release" between "Whistler" and "Blackcomb" (see below) [37][38][39]
Blackcomb, Vienna N/A Dropped The purported successor to Whistler, and later, Longhorn. Named after Whistler Blackcomb, where design retreats were held. Blackcomb was later renamed to Vienna in January 2006, named after the capital of Austria. [40][41]
Q, Quattro N/A Windows Home Server N/A [42][43]
Vail N/A Windows Home Server 2011 N/A [44]
Longhorn Server N/A Windows Server 2008 N/A [45]
Cougar N/A Windows Small Business Server 2008 N/A [46]
Centro N/A Windows Essential Business Server Named after the Spanish translation of the word "center". [46]
Windows 7 N/A Windows 7 The number 7 comes from the internal version number of Windows Vista incremented by one. [40][47][48]
Fiji Windows Vista Media Center Feature Pack 2008 Windows Media Center TV Pack 2008 Named after the country of Fiji. [49]
Aurora N/A Windows Small Business Server 2011 Essentials N/A [50]
Quebec N/A Windows Embedded Standard 7 N/A [51]
Windows Server 8 N/A Windows Server 2012 N/A [52]
Blue N/A Windows 8.1 N/A [53]
Threshold N/A Windows 10 (RTM)
Windows 10 November Update
Named after a location seen in Halo: Combat Evolved, near which Installation 04 orbits. [54]
Redstone N/A Windows 10 Anniversary Update
Windows 10 Creators Update
Windows 10 Fall Creators Update
Windows 10 April 2018 Update
Windows 10 October 2018 Update
Named after a fictional mineral from Minecraft. [55][56]
Santorini N/A Windows 10X Santorini is an island in Greece [57]
Vanadium N/A Windows 10 November 2019 Update Named after the chemical element in the periodic table. [58]
Vibranium N/A Windows 10 May 2020 Update
Windows 10 October 2020 Update
Windows 10, Version 20H1
Named after the fictional metal Vibranium in Marvel Comics. [58]
Manganese N/A N/A The 20H2 development cycle of Windows 10; named after the chemical element in the periodic table. [59]
Iron N/A April 2021 The 21H1 development cycle of Windows 10; named after the chemical element in the periodic table. [60]
Cobalt Windows 10 Sun Valley TBA The 21H2 development cycle of Windows 10; named after the chemical element in the periodic table.

Windows CE family[edit]

Codename Preliminary name Final name Ref
Pegasus, Alder N/A Windows CE 1.0 [61]
Birch N/A Windows CE 2.0 [61]
Cedar N/A Windows CE 3.0 [61]
Talisker Windows CE .NET Windows CE 4.0 [61]
Jameson N/A Windows CE 4.1 [62]
McKendric N/A Windows CE 4.2 [62]
Macallan N/A Windows CE 5.0 [61]
Yamazaki Windows CE 6.0 Windows Embedded CE 6.0 [61][62]
Chelan Windows Embedded CE 7 Windows Embedded Compact 7 [63]

Windows Mobile[edit]

Codename Preliminary name Final name Ref
Rapier N/A Pocket PC 2000 [64]
Merlin N/A Pocket PC 2002 [64]
Ozone N/A Windows Mobile 2003 [64]
Magneto N/A Windows Mobile 5 [64]
Crossbow N/A Windows Mobile 6 [64]
6 on 6 N/A Windows Mobile 6.1.4 [64]
Titanium N/A Windows Mobile 6.5 [64]
Maldives Windows Mobile 7 Windows Phone 7 [64]

Windows Phone[edit]

Codename Preliminary name Final name Ref
Photon Windows Mobile 7 Series Windows Phone 7 [65][66]
Mango N/A Windows Phone 7.5 [67][68]
Apollo N/A Windows Phone 8 [68]
Blue N/A Windows Phone 8.1 [54]
Threshold N/A Windows 10 Mobile [54]


Codename Preliminary name Final name Notes Ref
Midori N/A TBA A managed code operating system being developed by Microsoft with joint effort of Microsoft Research. [69][70]
Red Dog Windows Cloud, Windows Azure Microsoft Azure Microsoft cloud services platform [71]
Singularity N/A Singularity Experimental operating system based on the Microsoft .NET platform, using software-based type safety as a replacement for hardware-based memory protection. [72]
Tahiti N/A N/A Supposedly a family of multi-core technologies including an operating system, applications and development tools designed to make better use of today's multi-core CPUs. Midori may be a part of this suite of new Microsoft technologies. [73]
Tokyo Azure AD Cloud App Discovery Cloud App Discovery Azure-based data-directory service designed to help connect the right people to the right data. [74]
Zurich N/A .NET Services Part of Microsoft Azure, Microsoft's cloud computing platform, that focuses on extended software development based on .NET Framework to the cloud. [71][75][76]

OS components[edit]

Codename Preliminary name Final name Notes Ref
Anaheim Windows Internet Microsoft Edge A rewrite of Microsoft's web browser, based on the Chromium project. [77]
Barcelona N/A Windows Defender Application Guard A security feature for running the Microsoft Edge web browser inside a virtual machine, thus isolating it from the rest of the system in the event that it was hacked. [78]
Beihai Paint 3D 3D version of Microsoft Paint [79]
Code Integrity Rooting Secure Startup BitLocker A security feature that checks and validates the integrity of Windows boot and system components. [80][81]
Continuum Tablet Mode Continuum A Windows 10 feature that enables hybrid devices to switch between tablet mode and desktop mode. An immediately manifest effect is the Start screen getting maximized in tablet mode. [82]
Cornerstone Secure Startup BitLocker Full disk encryption feature introduced in Windows Vista and present in subsequent versions that utilizes the Trusted Platform Module to perform integrity checking prior to operating system startup. [80][83]
Assistant N/A Cortana An intelligent personal assistant included with Windows 10, named after an artificial intelligence character in Halo [84]
Cougar N/A VMM32 32-bit kernel [8][85][86]
Darwin Microsoft Installer Windows Installer A Windows service and application programming interface for installing software on computers running Microsoft Windows operating systems [87]
Frosting Windows 95 codename Microsoft Plus! for Windows 95 [88]
Hydra N/A Terminal Services, Windows Terminal Server Terminal Server adds "multiheading" support to Windows (the ability to run multiple instances of the graphics subsystem), and the hydra is a mythological monster with multiple heads. [89]
Jaguar N/A N/A 16-bit DOS kernel for Windows 95 based on MS-DOS 5.0, used by Windows 95 boot loader and compatibility layer. [8][85][86]
Jupiter N/A Windows Runtime A new application framework on Windows 8 used to create cross-platform "immersive" apps. [90]
Monad MSH, Microsoft Shell Windows PowerShell "Monads", according to philosopher Gottfried Leibniz's monadology, are the ultimate elements of the universe, individual percipient beings, and MSH is similarly composed of small, individual modules the user puts in interrelation. [91]
Morro N/A Microsoft Security Essentials MSE was codenamed after the Morro de São Paulo beach in Brazil. [92][93]
Neon N/A Fluent Design Microsoft Fluent Design System is a revamp of the Windows UI based around five key components: Light, Depth, Motion, Material, and Scale. [94]
O'Hare N/A Internet Explorer 1 Internet Explorer 1, first shipped in Microsoft Plus! for Windows 95: The codename O'Hare ties into the Chicago codename for Windows 95: O'Hare International Airport is the largest airport in the city of Chicago, Illinois — in Microsoft's words, "a point of departure to distant places from Chicago". [95]
Panther N/A N/A Cancelled. Panther was a 32-bit kernel based on Windows NT kernel. [85][86]
Pinball N/A High Performance File System (HPFS) "Pinball" is the nickname (as opposed to a codename) for HPFS because HPFS driver in Windows NT 3.5 is called PINBALL.SYS. [96][97][98]
Piton N/A ReadyDrive Feature introduced in Windows Vista to support hybrid drives [99][100]
Protogon N/A ReFS The successor of NTFS [101]
Rincon N/A Internet Explorer 7 Rincon is a surfing beach in Puerto Rico [102]
Spartan N/A Microsoft Edge Web browser for Windows 10 that does away with MSHTML rendering engine. Refers to Spartans in Halo. [103]
Stimpy N/A Windows Shell Applies to Windows 95 only. [85][86]
Viridian N/A Hyper-V Virtualization update for Windows Server 2008 [104]
WinFS N/A N/A A cancelled data storage and management system project based on relational databases, first demonstrated in 2003 as an advanced storage subsystem for the Microsoft Windows, designed for persistence and management of structured, semi-structured as well as unstructured data. [105][106]
Cascadia N/A Windows Terminal A terminal emulator for Windows 10.
Sun Valley N/A N/A A redesign of Windows 10 releasing in late 2021. [107]

Microsoft Servers[edit]

SQL Server family[edit]

Codename Final name Notes Ref
SQLNT SQL Server 4.21
SQL95 SQL Server 6.0
Hydra SQL Server 6.5
Sphinx SQL Server 7.0 [108]
Plato OLAP Services 7.0 "OLAP Services" was later renamed Microsoft Analysis Services [109]
Shiloh SQL Server 2000 Version 8
Rosetta Reporting Services in SQL Server 2000
Yukon SQL Server 2005 Version 9 [110]


Picasso Analysis Services in SQL Server 2005
Katmai SQL Server 2008 Version 10 [112]


Kilimanjaro SQL Server 2008 R2 Version 10.5 [114]
Blue SQL Server 2008 Report Designer 2.0 This is the standalone release of the tool for Reporting Services. It must not be confused with Report Builder 2.0. [115]

[116] [117]

Denali SQL Server 2012 Version 11 [118]

[119] [120]

Juneau SQL Server Data Tools Was included in SQL Server 2012, later released as a standalone downloadable application [121]
Crescent Power View A data visualisation tool that originally shipped as part of SQL Server 2012, later an add-in for Microsoft Excel [122]
SQL14 SQL Server 2014 Version 12 [123]
Hekaton SQL Server In-Memory OLTP In-memory database engine built into SQL Server 2014 [124]
SQL16 SQL Server 2016 Version 13 [125]
Helsinki SQL Server 2017 Version 14 [126]


Seattle SQL Server 2019 Version 15 [128]
Aris SQL Server Big Data Clusters Public preview available for download. Announced at Microsoft Ignite 2018 event on September 24–28 [129]


Codename Final name Ref
Hermes Microsoft System Management Server 1.0 [130]
Catapult Microsoft Proxy Server 1.0 [131]
Geneva Active Directory Federation Services [132]
Falcon Microsoft Message Queue Server [133]
Viper Microsoft Transaction Server [134]
Stirling Microsoft Forefront Protection Suite [135]

Developers tools[edit]

Visual Studio family[edit]

Codename Preliminary name Final name Notes Ref
Thunder Visual Basic 1.0 The first version of Visual Basic. The standard dialogs and controls created by the Visual Basic runtime library all have "Thunder" as a prefix of their internal type names (for example, buttons are internally known as ThunderCommandButton). [136]
Dolphin Microsoft Visual C++ 2.0
Zamboni Microsoft Visual C++ 4.1 After Zamboni, an ice resurfacing machine. [136]
Boston Microsoft Visual Studio 97 Named for Boston, Massachusetts [137]
Aspen Microsoft Visual Studio 6.0 Named after the popular ski destination Aspen, Colorado [138]
Cassini Web Server ASP.NET Development Server The lightweight local Web server that is launched in Visual Studio in order to test Web projects [139]
Hatteras Visual Studio Team System's Source Control System N/A Named after the Cape Hatteras Lighthouse in the Outer Banks region of North Carolina [140]
Ocracoke Visual Studio Team System load testing suite N/A Named after the Ocracoke Island Lighthouse on Ocracoke Island, also in North Carolina [140]
Currituck Team Foundation Work Item Tracking N/A Named after the Currituck Beach Lighthouse in Corolla, North Carolina [140]
Bodie Team Foundation Server SDK N/A Named after the Bodie Island Lighthouse in North Carolina [140]
Tuscany Online version of Visual Studio. Currently a research project [141]
Phoenix N/A A Microsoft research software development kit [142]
Eaglestone Visual Studio Team Explorer Everywhere This is the name given to the Teamprise suite Microsoft acquired. The product is now named Visual Studio Team Explorer Everywhere [143][144]
KittyHawk Visual Studio LightSwitch RAD tool aimed at non-programmers [145][146]
Rainier Visual Studio .NET (2002) Named for Mount Rainier, a volcanic mountain peak visible from the Seattle area (where Microsoft is based) [147]
Everett Visual Studio .NET 2003 Named after the town Everett, Washington in Washington state [147][148][149]
Whidbey[149] Visual Studio 2005 Named after Whidbey Island in the Puget Sound[147][148]
Orcas Visual Studio 2008 Named after Orcas Island in the Puget Sound [147][148][149]
Camano Microsoft Test and Lab Manager Microsoft Test Manager, a part of Visual Studio 2010 Test Professional, Premium and Ultimate editions Named after Camano Island in the Puget Sound [150][151][152]
Rosario Visual Studio Ultimate 2010 (formerly Team System or Team Suite) [153]
Cider N/A Visual Studio designer for building Windows Presentation Foundation applications, meant to be used by application developers [154]
Monaco TBA In-browser IDE for Visual Studio. Monaco powers Visual Studio Code. [155][156]

.NET Framework family[edit]

Codename Final name Notes Ref
Astoria WCF Data Services Enables the creation and consumption of OData services for the web [157]
Atlas ASP.NET AJAX An implementation for ASP.NET of Ajax native to .NET Framework 2.0 [158]
Avalon Windows Presentation Foundation Graphical subsystem released as part of .NET Framework 3.0 [159]
Fusion N/A .NET Framework subsystem for locating and loading assemblies, including GAC management [160][161]
Hailstorm .NET My Services [162]
Indigo Windows Communication Foundation An application programming interface (API) in .NET Framework for building connected, service-oriented applications [163]
Jolt Silverlight 1.0 [164]
Lightning, Project 42 .NET Framework 1.0 Project Lightning was the original codename for the Common Language Runtime in 1997. The team was based in building 42, hence Project 42. [165][166]
Project 7 N/A Codename for early .NET academic recruiting program. 7 was a prime factor of 42, metaphorizing the relationship between Project 7 and Project 42 (see above). [167]
Roslyn .NET Compiler Platform Open-source project that exposes programmatic access to compilers via corresponding APIs [168][169][170][171]


Codename Final name Notes Ref
Clarity Language Integrated Query (LINQ) LINQ Language extensions to expose query syntax natively to languages such as Visual Basic .NET and C#
D M Modelling language
Jakarta Visual J++
Metro Microsoft Design language A typography-based design language


Codename Final name Notes Ref
Godot Microsoft Layer for Unicode Named after the play Waiting for Godot (centered around the endless wait for a man named "Godot" who never comes), because it was felt to be long overdue. [172]
Volta N/A A developer toolset for building multi-tier web applications [173]
Project Centennial Desktop App Converter Allows developers to re-package existing desktop apps into the APPX format of Universal Windows Platform and sell them in Windows Store. [174][175]

Gaming hardware[edit]

Codename Preliminary name(s) Final name Notes Ref
DirectX Box Xbox [176]
Natal Kinect Motion sensitive control system. [177][178]
Xenon Xbox 2 Xbox 360 Successor to the original Xbox. [179]
Durango Xbox 720 Xbox One Successor to Xbox 360. [180]
Edmonton Xbox One S Xbox One with 4K and HEVC Support. [181]
Scorpio Xbox One X Upgrade to Xbox One, announced at Electronic Entertainment Expo 2016. Announced to have 6 TFLOPS GPU and 8-core CPU. [182]
Baraboo Microsoft HoloLens [183]
Scarlett Xbox Two Project name for a family of next-gen consoles. Xbox Anaconda and Xbox Lockhart are both part of Project Scarlet. Announced by Microsoft at E3 2018. [184]
Anaconda Xbox Two Xbox Series X Successor to Xbox One. Higher end model. Announced by Microsoft at The Game Awards 2019. [185]
Lockhart Xbox Series S Xbox Series S Potential lower end model for a cheaper price. Was announced by Microsoft in September 2020. Would be successor to Xbox One S. [185]
Edinburgh Originally spotted by software developer bllyhlbrt on Twitter, a new codename, Xbox Edinburgh, can be seen within the Xbox One's operating system, underneath Lockhart and Anaconda. [186]

Office software[edit]

Codename Preliminary name Final name Notes Ref
Albany Microsoft Equipt Microsoft's all-in-one, subscription-based service for office, communication, and security software [187]
Bandit Schedule+ 1.0 Microsoft's first Personal Information Manager
Barney Money 1.0 Microsoft's personal finance software (Flintstones theme)
Betty Money 2.0
Budapest Microsoft Office Communicator Web Access 2005
Bullet Microsoft Mail 3.0 Microsoft's first LAN-based email product written in-house
Cirrus Microsoft Access 1.0
CRM V1.0, Tsunami Microsoft CRM 1.0 The platform was initially codenamed Tsunami, but once the decision was made to make it an actual product it was just changed to the initials as the initials were enough of a codename. [188]
Danube Phase I Microsoft CRM 1.2 [188]
Danube Phase II Microsoft CRM 3 [188]
Dino Microsoft Money 3.0
Kilimanjaro Titan Microsoft CRM 4 Was originally Kilimanjaro but changed to Titan, as Kilimanjaro was too difficult to spell [188]
Deco Microsoft PhotoDraw
Greenwich Real-Time Communications Server 2003 Microsoft Office Live Communications Server 2003
Istanbul Microsoft Office Communicator 2005
Maestro Microsoft Office Business Scorecard Manager 2005
Opus Word for Windows v1.0 for Windows 2.x
Oslo Microsoft BizTalk Server SOA, SQL Server Modeling CTP N/A Set of Service-oriented architecture (SOA) technologies [189][190][191]
Ren, Stimpy Wren Microsoft Outlook "Stimpy" was merged into "Ren", which later became "Wren". "Ren" and "Stimpy" are references to Ren and Stimpy, characters of an American animated television series. "Wren", a homophone of "Ren", is a reference to Christopher Wren, the architect of St Paul's Cathedral. [192]
Rigel Skype Room Systems A meeting room system designed to interface with Skype [193]
Tahiti Microsoft SharedView N/A A screen sharing tool which allows users to take over sessions and interact with remote desktops. No audio or conference facilities. [194][195]
Tahoe SharePoint Portal Server 2001
Utopia Microsoft Bob Intended to be a user-friendly GUI [196]

Other codenames[edit]

Codename Preliminary name Final name Notes Ref
Acropolis N/A Application framework for Smart Clients
Aero Diamond N/A Used during the development of Windows Vista to describe a set of advanced user interface effects for the Desktop Window Manager to be introduced after Vista's release [197]
Alexandria Zune Marketplace An online music store
Argo Zune A digital media player
Atlanta N/A A cloud service that monitors Microsoft SQL Server deployments [198]
Blackbird N/A An online content-authoring platform centered around the concept of distributed Object Linking and Embedding (OLE) and meant to be an alternative to HTML. The developer tools were originally released in beta and some titles were made available on MSDN before it was scrapped in favor of web development around ASP and ActiveX and the designer was refashioned into Visual InterDev.
Concur N/A Aims to: define higher-level abstractions (above "threads and locks"); for today's imperative languages; that evenly support the range of concurrency granularities; to let developers write correct and efficient concurrent applications; with much latent parallelism; that can be efficiently mapped to the user's.
Dallas N/A Aims to help discover, purchase and manage, premium data subscriptions in the Windows Azure platform [199]
Dorado Zune PC Client
HailStorm .NET My Services Collection of web services centered around the storage and retrieval of information. Cancelled before it could fully materialize. [200][201]
Honolulu Windows Admin Center
Kratos PowerApps Software for building and sharing native, mobile, and Web apps [202]
Kumo Bing Microsoft's set of features improving Live Search search engine
Marvel The Microsoft Network The classic version of MSN, originally as a proprietary, "walled garden" online service
Media2Go Windows Mobile software for Portable Media Centers Platform built on Windows Mobile found on portable media players [203][204]
Metro XML Paper Specification (XPS) Named after Metro by T-Mobile, a wireless prepaid service in the United States.
Milan Surface Microsoft PixelSense Table-top style computer with multi-touch touchscreen interface
Mira N/A Windows CE .NET-based technology for smart displays [205][206]
Monaco N/A Music-making program similar to Apple GarageBand application [207]
Origami Ultra-Mobile PC
Palladium Trusted Windows N/A Effort to develop a small, very secure operating environment within Windows, including curtained memory, trusted input, and graphics. Project renamed to Next-Generation Secure Computing Base, and was never fully implemented. [208][209]
Softsled N/A Software based Windows Media Center Extender[clarification needed Is it "software-based" or "software based on"?]
Springfield Microsoft Popfly N/A Website in Alpha testing stage providing mashup and webpages creation tools, with publishing as Rich Internet Application option [210]
Wolverine TCP/IP stack for Windows for Workgroups 3.11 Named after the Wolverine, a character from Marvel Comics. [211]


  1. ^ Dudley, Brier (May 2, 2006). "Fun with Microsoft code names". Brier Dudley's blog. The Seattle Times Company. Retrieved 2006-07-23.
  2. ^ "Microsoft Introduced a New Operating System Based on 16-Bit Application – Windows 3.1x". Nerdeky. 6 April 1992. Retrieved 11 January 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ "Windows 3.0 / 3.1 3.1". WinWorld. Retrieved 2021-03-10.
  4. ^ McFedries, Paul (2008). "1: Development of Windows Vista". Microsoft Windows Vista Unleashed. Sams Publishing. p. 2. ISBN 9780672330131.
  5. ^ Johnston, Stuart (May 18, 1992). "Windows to boost data sharing". InfoWorld. 14 (20): 39.
  6. ^ Wylie, Margie (April 27, 1992). "Early users detail features of Windows pack". Network World. 9 (17): 2.
  7. ^ Paul, Frederic (July 19, 1993). "Reworking Windows for Workgroups". Network World. 10 (29): 4.
  8. ^ "Chicago Feature Specification" (PDF). 1992-09-30.
  9. ^ Soper, Mark Edward (October 14, 2008). "Microsoft Unveils the Official Name for "Windows 7"". Maximum PC. Future US. Retrieved 2009-05-23.
  10. ^ Comes v. Microsoft. Plaintiff's Exhibit 3208: "Desktop Operating Systems Mission Memo". Microsoft Confidential.
  11. ^ Comes v. Microsoft. Plaintiff's Exhibit 5735. Microsoft Confidential (October 25, 1995).
  12. ^ Thurrott, Paul (6 June 1997). "Memphis: Windows 98?". Windows IT Pro. Penton Media, Inc. Archived from the original on 19 September 2012. Retrieved 16 December 2010.
  13. ^ United States v. Microsoft Corporation. Government Exhibit 202: "C. Wildfeuer message re 'Memphis IE 4 focus groups report'"
  14. ^ Miles, Stephanie (February 3, 2000). "Microsoft names new consumer OS: Windows Me".
  15. ^ "How well do you know your Microsoft acronyms?". June 22, 2004. Retrieved 2015-07-21.
  16. ^ Chen, Raymond (24 December 2018). "Random internal Windows terminology: IDW, Razzle, and their forgotten partners IDS and Dazzle". The Old New Thing. Microsoft.
  17. ^ Russinovich, Mark; Solomon, David A. (2005). Microsoft Windows Internals (4th ed.). Microsoft Press. p. xx. ISBN 0-7356-1917-4. The first release of Windows NT was larger and slower than expected, so the next major push was a project called Daytona, named after the speedway in Florida. The main goals for this release were to reduce the size of the system, increase the speed of the system, and, of course, to make it more reliable.
  18. ^ Microsoft Demonstrates Next-Generation Directory Server
  19. ^ Davis, Jim (May 20, 1997). "Scalability Day falls short". CNet. CBS Interactive. Retrieved 2009-05-23.
  20. ^ Thurrott, Paul (26 July 1999). "64-bit Windows 2000 on track for mid-2000". Windows IT Pro. Penton. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 10 August 2013.
  21. ^ Thurrott, Paul (8 August 2013). "SuperSite Flashback: NT's First Decade". Paul Thurrott's SuperSite for Windows. Penton. Archived from the original on 1 August 2017. Retrieved 10 August 2013.
  22. ^ a b Fincher, Jon (November 20, 2001). "Getting to Know Windows NT Embedded and Windows XP Embedded". Get Embedded. Microsoft. Retrieved 2009-05-23.
  23. ^ "DigiBarn Screen Shots: Windows XP Neptune Build 5111". Digital Barn Computer Museum. Retrieved 2013-06-15.
  24. ^ Foley, Mary Jo (October 29, 2002). "Only HP Selling Media Center PCs—For Now". PC Magazine.
  25. ^ Wilcox, Joe (January 8, 2003). "Microsoft frees up Freestyle".
  26. ^ Howard, Bill (September 30, 2003). "Second-Generation Media Center Edition: Worth the Wait". PC Magazine.
  27. ^ Evers, Joris (October 12, 2004). "Microsoft aims high with Media Center update". PC Advisor. IDG News Service.
  28. ^ a b Spooner, John G. (October 11, 2005). "Microsoft Has New Mission for Media Center". eWeek.
  29. ^ Thurrott, Paul (October 15, 2003). "Windows XP SP2 to be 'Springboard' to Longhorn". Windows IT Pro. Archived from the original on May 25, 2017.
  30. ^ Fried, Ina (October 15, 2003). "Next Microsoft Tablet PC software renamed".
  31. ^ Thurrott, Paul (January 9, 2003). "Microsoft Sets Windows Server 2003 Release Date". Windows IT Pro. Archived from the original on February 9, 2013.
  32. ^ Lettice, John (May 1, 2001). "Whistler Server confirmed as Windows 2002". The Register.
  33. ^ Scannell, Ed (July 15, 2002). "Microsoft Shares Sharepoint Details". PC World. IDG. Archived from the original on September 8, 2012.
  34. ^ Chivers, Glen (July 13, 2006). "Microsoft releases Fundamentals for older PCs". bit-tech.
  35. ^ Evers, Joris (April 24, 2005). "Microsoft preparing Windows XP-based thin clients". Computerworld. IDG.
  36. ^ "Media Alert: Microsoft Unveils Official Name for "Longhorn" and Sets Date for First Beta Targeted at Developers and IT Professionals". Microsoft News Center. Redmond, Washington: Microsoft Corporation. 5 July 2005. Archived from the original on 20 November 2010. Retrieved 16 December 2010.
  37. ^ Ricciuti, Mike (22 July 2005). "Longhorn's new name: Windows Vista". CNET News. CBS Interactive. Retrieved 16 December 2010.
  38. ^ Oswald, Ed; Mook, Nate (22 July 2005). "Longhorn Gets a Name: Windows Vista". Betanews. Retrieved 16 December 2010.
  39. ^ a b "What was the code name for Windows 7?". The Old New Thing. 2019-07-22. Retrieved 2020-06-25.
  40. ^ "'Blackcomb' Renamed to 'Vienna'". Betanews. January 19, 2006.
  41. ^ Thurrott, Paul (February 13, 2007). "Q It Up: Windows Home Server Hits External Beta". Windows IT Pro. Archived from the original on February 9, 2013.
  42. ^ Montalbano, Elizabeth (January 8, 2007). "CES: Gates expands Microsoft's digital home plan". Computerworld.
  43. ^ Lynn, Samara (April 27, 2010). "Public Preview of Windows Home Server "Vail" is Here". PC Magazine.
  44. ^ Lai, Eric (October 1, 2007). "Microsoft Begins Buildup to Windows Server 2008 Release". ABC News. American Broadcasting Company.
  45. ^ a b Woodie, Alex (February 27, 2008). "'Centro' and 'Cougar' Become Windows Server Essentials". The Windows Observer. 5 (8). Archived from the original on December 12, 2011.
  46. ^ "Microsoft Not Discussing Windows 7, Office 14". Betanews. February 15, 2007.
  47. ^ "Microsoft finalizes Windows 7 code". United Press International. July 23, 2009.
  48. ^ Protalinski, Emil (June 2, 2008). "Windows Fiji screenshots leak, final name revealed?". Ars Technica.
  49. ^ Warren, Tom (3 February 2010). "Windows Small Business Server code name "Aurora" revealed". Retrieved 16 December 2010.
  50. ^ "Microsoft Delivers Windows 7-Based Windows Embedded Standard 2011 Community Technology Preview". Microsoft News Center. Redmond, Washington: Microsoft Corporation. 9 September 2009. Retrieved 16 December 2010.
  51. ^ Foley, Mary Jo (17 April 2012). "Windows Server "8" officially dubbed Windows Server 2012". ZDNet. CBS Interactive. Retrieved 17 April 2012.
  52. ^ Shaw, Frank X. (26 March 2013). "Looking Back and Springing Ahead". The Official Microsoft Blog. Microsoft. Retrieved Aug 17, 2013.
  53. ^ a b c Foley, Mary Jo (December 2, 2013). "Microsoft codename 'Threshold': The next major Windows wave takes shape". ZDNet. CBS Interactive.
  54. ^ Sams, Brad (Apr 7, 2015). "Windows Redstone will come in two waves, June and October 2016". Neowin blog. Neowin. Retrieved Apr 8, 2015.
  55. ^ Cooper, Daniel (Apr 8, 2015). "Next year's big Windows 10 update is codenamed 'Redstone'". Engadget. AOL. Retrieved Apr 8, 2015.
  56. ^ Hollister, Sean (October 4, 2019). "Microsoft Windows 10X: what the heck is it?". The Verge. Retrieved June 29, 2020.
  57. ^ a b Foley, Mary Jo. "What comes after Windows 10 19H1? Vanadium". ZDNet. Retrieved 2020-06-25.
  58. ^ Tiwari, Aditya (2020-04-11). "The Next Windows 10 Version Is Called "Manganese"". Fossbytes. Retrieved 2020-06-25.
  59. ^ Shaikh, Rafia (2020-05-22). "Windows 10 2021 Is Codenamed Iron (Fe) - Deleted Text Reveals". Wccftech. Retrieved 2020-06-25.
  60. ^ a b c d e f Boling, Douglas (2006). "The Windows CE New Kernel". Mobile & Embedded DevCon 2006. Microsoft.
  61. ^ a b c Hall, Mike (20 September 2006). "CE 6.0 - why the codename "Yamazaki" ?". Windows Embedded Blog. Microsoft. Retrieved 17 February 2014.
  62. ^ Foley, Mary Jo (14 May 2009). "Microsoft 'Chelan': A new Windows Embedded platform takes shape". ZDNet. CBS Interactive. Retrieved 17 February 2014.
  63. ^ a b c d e f g h De Herrera, Chris. "Windows CE / Windows Mobile Versions". Self-published.
  64. ^ Rojas, Peter (8 December 2005). "Photon, the next version of Windows Mobile". Engadget. Aol.
  65. ^ "Mobile World Congress 2010 – day one overview". TechCentral. NewsCentral Media. 15 February 2010.
  66. ^ Ziegler, Chris (September 27, 2011). "Windows Phone 7.5 'Mango' release details and updated review". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved August 22, 2013.
  67. ^ a b Foley, Mary Jo. "All About Microsoft: CodeTracker A monthly look at Microsoft's codenames and what they reveal about the direction of the company" (PDF). ZDNet. CBS Interactive. Archived from the original (PDF) on 31 October 2011. Retrieved 30 October 2011.
  68. ^ Foley, Mary Jo (30 June 2008). "Goodbye, XP. Hello, Midori". ZDNet. CBS Interactive.
  69. ^ Oiaga, Marius (30 June 2008). "Life After Windows - Microsoft Midori Operating System". Softpedia. SoftNews. Archived from the original on 3 December 2014. Retrieved 27 January 2015.
  70. ^ a b Foley, Mary Jo (23 June 2008). "How many people does it take to fill Bill Gates' shoes?". ZDNet. CBS Interactive.
  71. ^ Microsoft Research Singularity Project
  72. ^ Foley, Mary Jo (15 July 2008). "Tahiti: Microsoft's ultimate many-core destination". ZDNet. CBS Interactive. Retrieved 22 December 2010.
  73. ^ Foley, Mary Jo. "Codename pick of the week: Project Tokyo". TWiT.
  74. ^ Foley, Mary Jo (24 July 2008). "Ozzie foreshadows 'Zurich,' Microsoft's elastic cloud". ZDNet. CBS Interactive.
  75. ^ Foley, Mary Jo (27 October 2008). "Microsoft's Azure cloud platform: A guide for the perplexed". ZDNet. CBS Interactive.
  76. ^ "Microsoft Replacing Edge With New Chromium-based Browser". BleepingComputer. Retrieved 2019-09-02.
  77. ^ Foley, Mary Jo (26 September 2016). "Microsoft: Windows 10 now on 400 million devices". ZDNet. CBS Interactive.
  78. ^ Foley, Mary Jo (26 October 2016). "Microsoft reveals more about what's coming in Windows 10 Creators Update". ZDNet. CBS Interactive.
  79. ^ a b "Secure Startup: Full Volume Encryption: Executive Overview". Microsoft. 21 April 2005.
  80. ^ Biddle, Peter (2004). "Next-Generation Secure Computing Base". Microsoft. Archived from the original on August 27, 2006.
  81. ^ Trent, Rod (26 January 2015). "Windows 10 Build 9926: Continuum Makes an Appearance as Tablet Mode". SuperSite for Windows. Penton Media. Archived from the original on 2015-01-28. Retrieved 2015-01-27.
  82. ^ Thurrott, Paul (9 September 2005). "Pre-PDC Exclusive: Windows Vista Product Editions". SuperSite for Windows. Penton Media. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
  83. ^ Foley, Mary Jo (12 Sep 2013). "'Cortana': More on Microsoft's next-generation personal assistant". ZDNet News. CBS Interactive. Retrieved 15 January 2015.
  84. ^ a b c d Chen, Raymond (20 May 2014). "The code names for various subprojects within Windows 95". The Old New Thing. Microsoft.
  85. ^ a b c d Chen, Raymond (21 April 2015). "What was the starting point for the Panther Win32 kernel?". The Old New Thing. Microsoft.
  86. ^ Smith, Chris (July 1, 2005). "Windows Installer, The .NET Framework, The Bootstrapper, and You". Chris Smith's completely unique view. Microsoft. Retrieved July 23, 2006.
  87. ^ "Deposition of Bill Gates". The Washington Post. August 27, 1998. Retrieved July 23, 2006.
  88. ^ Tullcoh, Mitch (February 24, 2005). "Overview of Terminal Services". TechGenix. Retrieved May 23, 2009.
  89. ^ "More on Microsoft 'Jupiter' and what it means for Windows 8". ZDNet. CBS Interactive. Retrieved March 30, 2013.
  90. ^ MacKechnie, Nick (October 27, 2008). "msh: Microsoft Command Shell (Codename: Monad) Beta 2 Refresh". Nick MacKechnie's Blog. Microsoft.
  91. ^ Bott, Ed. "How good is Microsoft's free antivirus software?", ZDnet, June 18, 2009, accessed July 6, 2009.
  92. ^ Schofield, Jack. "Waiting for Morro: Microsoft's free anti-virus software",, June 11, 2009, accessed July 6, 2009.
  93. ^ Microsoft "Fluent Design System" Archived 2018-03-01 at the Wayback Machine, Microsoft, May 11, 2017, accessed May 12, 2017.
  94. ^ "Internet Standards and Operating Systems - Why Integration Makes Sense". TechNet Library. Microsoft. March 3, 1998. Retrieved July 31, 2009.
  95. ^ "Windows NT File System Files". Support. Microsoft. Retrieved 27 January 2015.
  96. ^ Boswell, William (2000). "Chapter 13: Managing File Systems". Inside Windows 2000 Server. Indianapolis, Ind.: New Riders. p. 794. ISBN 9781562059293.
  97. ^ Daily, Sean (30 September 1996). "Using HPFS with NT 4.0". Windows IT Pro. Penton Media. Archived from the original on 6 August 2014. Retrieved 27 January 2015.
  98. ^ Nicholson, Clark (2004). "Improved Disk Drive Power Consumption Using Solid-State Non-Volatile Memory". Microsoft. Archived from the original (PPT) on May 9, 2006. Retrieved December 6, 2015.
  99. ^ Moulster, Ian (April 6, 2006). "SuperFetch, ReadyBoost and ReadyDrive: some new feature names for you". MSDN Blogs. Microsoft. Retrieved September 17, 2015.
  100. ^ Foley, Mary Jo (2012-01-16). "Microsoft goes public with plans for its new Windows 8 file system". ZDNet. CBS Interactive. Retrieved 2017-11-29.
  101. ^ Lyndersay, Sean (9 February 2007). "On names and codenames…". Bit-cycling. Microsoft.
  102. ^ Warren, Tom (29 April 2015). "This is Microsoft Edge, the replacement for Internet Explorer". The Verge. Vox Media.
  103. ^ Montalbano, Elizabeth (June 26, 2008). "It's Official: Microsoft Hyper-V Now Available". PC World. IDG.
  104. ^ "Leaked Windows hints at changes to come". ZDNet. CBS Interactive. September 30, 2007. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007.
  105. ^ Schofield, Jack (June 29, 2006). "Why WinFS had to vanish". The Guardian. Guardian News and Media. Retrieved December 9, 2010.
  106. ^ Bowden, Zac (13 January 2021). "Everything we know about Windows 10's big Sun Valley update so far". Windows Central. Retrieved 26 January 2021.
  107. ^ Thurrott, Paul (February 27, 1998). "SQL Server 7 "Sphinx" Technical Workshop Reviewed". SuperSite for Windows. Penton. Archived from the original on August 29, 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-23.
  108. ^ "CNet: Microsoft adds to Plato feature list". Retrieved 2011-07-07.
  109. ^ "Books Online for SQL Server 2005". MSDN. Microsoft. Retrieved 2010-11-11.
  110. ^ "Why Browser is installed under 90\shared directory rathar than 100\Shared?". Microsoft SQL Server Protocols Team Blog. Microsoft. April 7, 2008. Retrieved 2011-02-01.
  111. ^ "Books Online for SQL Server 2008". MSDN. Microsoft. Retrieved 2010-11-11.
  112. ^ "ChannelWeb: Next SQL Server stop: Katmai". Archived from the original on 2007-03-22. Retrieved 2005-11-05.
  113. ^ "Books Online for SQL Server 2008 R2". MSDN. Microsoft. Retrieved 2010-11-11.
  114. ^ "Silvaware: What's up with the new SSRS 2008 Report Designer".
  115. ^ "Designing and Implementing Reports Using Report Designer (Reporting Services)". SQL Server 2008 Books Online. Microsoft. Retrieved 23 August 2015.
  116. ^ "Designing and Implementing Reports Using Report Builder 2.0". SQL Server 2008 Books Online. Microsoft. Retrieved 23 August 2015.
  117. ^ "Microsoft SQL Server Future Editions". Microsoft. Retrieved 2010-11-11.
  118. ^ "Books Online for SQL Server 2012". MSDN. Microsoft. Retrieved 2010-11-11.
  119. ^ "SQL Server 2012 Launches 2012 H1".
  120. ^ "SQL Server Developer Tools, Codename "Juneau"". MSDN. Microsoft. Retrieved 2011-02-25.
  121. ^ "A Glimpse at Project Crescent". SQL Server Reporting Services Team Blog. Microsoft. 2011-02-25.
  122. ^ "Books Online for SQL Server 2014". MSDN. Microsoft. 2010-11-11.
  123. ^ "Overview of In-Memory". SQL Server Blog. Microsoft. 2017-09-04.
  124. ^ "Books Online for SQL Server 2016". MSDN. Microsoft. 2017-07-21.
  125. ^ "Books Online for SQL Server 2017". MSDN. Microsoft. 2017-10-31.
  126. ^ "SQL Server on Linux, aka project Helsinki: Story behind the idea".
  127. ^ "SQL Server 2019".
  128. ^ "SQL Server Big Data Clusters".
  129. ^ "Press Release: Windows 95 System Management Architecture". Microsoft. October 29, 1996. Archived from the original on July 5, 2011. Retrieved 2009-07-31.
  130. ^ "Press Release: Microsoft Ships Proxy Server 1.0". News Center. Microsoft. July 26, 1994. Retrieved 2011-02-07.
  131. ^ Dave, Martinez (July 2009). "Microsoft and CA - ADFS Interop" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 March 2012. Retrieved 22 July 2011.
  132. ^ Biggs, Maggie (5 May 1997). "Falcon delivers distributed application messages". InfoWorld. 19 (18): 114. ISSN 0199-6649. OCLC 61313585.
  133. ^ Biggs, Maggie (11 November 1996). "Viper bites into the enterprise". InfoWorld. 18 (46): 97. ISSN 0199-6649. OCLC 191857055.
  134. ^ "Business Ready Security news at WPC". Forefront Team Blog. Microsoft. 13 July 2009. Retrieved 10 August 2013.
  135. ^ a b Smith, Chris (April 30, 2006). "Some Microsoft codenames". Chris Smith's completely unique view. Microsoft. Archived from the original on 11 March 2010. Retrieved 2006-07-23.
  136. ^ Everett, Cath (29 January 1997). "In brief: Microsoft names Boston Visual Studio 97". Incisive Media. Retrieved 22 August 2012.
  137. ^ "Visual Studio 1998 (6.0)". WineHQ. CodeWeavers. Retrieved May 18, 2013.
  138. ^ "Web Servers in Visual Studio for ASP.NET Web Projects". MSDN. Microsoft. Retrieved August 22, 2013.
  139. ^ a b c d Rathjen, Chris (November 16, 2004). "Hatteras, Currituck, Ocracoke". Chris Rathjen blog. Microsoft. Retrieved 2006-07-23.
  140. ^ A View from Elsewhere : A "Live" Version of Visual Studio?
  141. ^ "Phoenix Compiler and Shared Source Common Language Infrastructure". Microsoft Research. Microsoft. Retrieved August 22, 2013.
  142. ^ "Microsoft Visual Studio Team Explorer 2010 codename "Eaglestone"". Brian Harry's Blog. Microsoft. Retrieved 2011-01-02.
  143. ^ Woodward, Martin (2010-03-02). "What's in a Name? - Martin Woodward". The Woodward Web. Self-published. Retrieved 2013-06-15.
  144. ^ Bridgwate, Adrian (August 3, 2010). "Microsoft's 'KittyHawk' RAD Tool Takes Flight". Dr. Dobb's: The World of Software Development. UBM. Retrieved 2010-08-25.
  145. ^ Foley, Mary Jo (3 August 2010). "Microsoft's LightSwitch: Building business apps for Web, PCs and cloud". ZDNet. CBS Interactive.
  146. ^ a b c d "Reflections on a Decade of Visual Studio". Code Magazine. EPS Software. Retrieved 2011-01-02.
  147. ^ a b c Dan, Fernandez (September 18, 2003). "Product Names: Everett, Whidbey, Orcas". Dan Fernandez's Blog. Microsoft. Retrieved 2011-01-02.
  148. ^ a b c "Microsoft Codenames". Matt Publishing. Retrieved 2011-01-02.
  149. ^ Starr, David (2007-12-11). "Introducing Microsoft Camano". Elegant Code. Self-published. Archived from the original on 2014-04-08. Retrieved 2013-09-06.
  150. ^ Sterling, Charles (2008-11-05). "Visual Studio Team System 2010 Test Features walk through with screen shots". Ozzie Rules Blogging. Microsoft. Retrieved 2013-09-06.
  151. ^ Zander, Jason (2009-05-12). "New Name for Test and Lab Tools". Jason Zander's blog. Microsoft. Retrieved 2013-09-06.
  152. ^ "Microsoft Unveils Next Version of Visual Studio and .NET Framework". News Center. Microsoft. Retrieved 2011-01-02.
  153. ^ Rodriguez, Jaime (23 October 2009). "What is new in WPF and Cider on the .NET Framework 4 and VS2010 beta 2 release". MSDN Blogs. Microsoft. Retrieved August 22, 2013.
  154. ^ Yegulalp, Serdar (14 November 2013). "Microsoft reinvents Visual Studio as an Azure cloud service". InfoWorld. IDG. Retrieved 23 August 2015.
  155. ^ "Monaco Editor". GitHub. Microsoft. Retrieved 24 March 2017.
  156. ^ "ADO.NET Data Services CTP Released! - Data - Site Home - MSDN Blogs". Retrieved 5 December 2012.
  157. ^ Srivatsa, Vikram (28 June 2010). "Microsoft Atlas - the AJAX extension to ASP.NET 2.0". Developer Fusion. Developer Fusion Ltd. Retrieved August 22, 2013.
  158. ^ Gharighi, A. (2 May 2006). "WPF ("Avalon") Demo 1". CodeProject. Retrieved August 22, 2013.
  159. ^ "Using the .NET Fusion API to Manipulate the GAC". Quinstreet Enterprise. 2006-11-03.
  160. ^ "Fusion (Unmanaged API Reference)". MSDN Library. Microsoft. Retrieved 2013-10-17.
  161. ^ Egger, Markus. "Introducing .NET My Services". Code Magazine (May/June 2002). EPS Software. Retrieved 9 January 2018.
  162. ^ "Introducing Indigo: An Early Look". Retrieved 19 October 2011.
  163. ^ Jeremy, Likness (28 March 2012). Designing Silverlight Business Applications. Addison-Wesley. p. 344. ISBN 9780132885904. Silverlight runtime contains some classes from named Jolt from its earliest days
  164. ^ Franklin, Carl (January 2005). "Jay Roxe interview". Code Magazine. EPS Software. Retrieved 2006-07-23.
  165. ^ Wilson, Eric (February 18, 2003). "How .Net-work drew sceptics". The Age. Retrieved 2006-07-23.
  166. ^ Wilson, Eric. "How .Net-work drew sceptics". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 31 October 2011.
  167. ^ Lippert, Eric (December 2010). "Hiring for Roslyn". Retrieved 2011-07-18.
  168. ^ Smacchia, Patrick (May 2010). "C# 5 and meta-programming". Retrieved 2011-07-18.
  169. ^ de Icaza, Miguel (April 2010). "Mono's C# Compiler as a service on Windows". Retrieved 2011-07-18.
  170. ^ "Microsoft Extends Its .NET Framework With New Compiler Platform And Language Features". 2014-04-03. Retrieved 2015-05-10.
  171. ^ Kaplan, Michael (February 12, 2005). "Why/how MSLU came to be, and more". Sorting It All Out. Microsoft. Retrieved 2006-07-23.
  172. ^ Schwarz, Michael (3 January 2008). "Volta - Microsoft Live Labs". Michael's Blog. Neudesic. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
  173. ^ Bright, Peter (14 September 2016). "Desktop apps make their way into the Windows Store". Ars Technica. Condé Nast.
  174. ^ "Desktop App Converter Preview (Project Centennial)". Download Center. Microsoft. 27 May 2016.
  175. ^ Karmali, Luke (6 July 2013). "Rejected Names for the Original Xbox Revealed". IGN. Ziff Davis.
  176. ^ Paul, Ian (3 June 2009). "Future Controller Wars: Natal vs PS3". PC World. IDG. Retrieved 22 February 2011.
  177. ^ Snider, Mike (14 June 2010). "Microsoft Kinect gets into motion as E3 confab kicks off". USA Today. Retrieved 22 February 2011.
  178. ^ Rojas, Peter (5 June 2004). "The Xbox Xenon?". Engadget. AOL. Retrieved 5 August 2012.
  179. ^ McElroy, Griffin (28 February 2012). "Next-gen Xbox 'Durango' codename accidentally confirmed by Crytek?". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved 13 August 2012.
  180. ^ Schreier, Jason (13 June 2016). "Xbox One Slim Announced, Out This August [UPDATE]". Kotaku. Gawker. Retrieved 26 June 2020.
  181. ^ Warren, Tom (11 June 2017). "Xbox One X is Microsoft's next game console, arriving on November 7th for $499". The Verge. Vox Media.
  182. ^ Hempel, Jessi (21 January 2015). "Project HoloLens: Our Exclusive Hands-On With Microsoft's Holographic Goggles". Wired. Condé Nast.
  183. ^ Hempel, Jessi (18 December 2018). "Next-Gen Xbox Consoles Codenamed 'Scarlet,' Claim Multiple Sources". IGN. IGN News.
  184. ^ a b Corden, Jez (5 April 2019). "Xbox codenames, everything (we think) we know". Windows Central.
  185. ^ Moore-Colyer, Roland (3 July 2020). "Xbox Series X could launch alongside surprise 'Edinburgh' console". Tom's Guide. Retrieved 2020-07-16.
  186. ^ Microsoft Launches Consumer Subscription Offering That Combines Microsoft Office and Windows Live OneCare
  187. ^ a b c d Microsoft Dynamics CRM Team Blog : CRM Code Names - A Brief History
  188. ^ De la Torre Llorente, César (September 2009). "Model-Driven SOA with "Oslo"". MSDN Architecture Center. Microsoft. Retrieved 7 December 2012.
  189. ^ Brockschmidt, Kraig (22 September 2010). "Update on SQL Server Modeling CTP (Repository/Modeling Services, "Quadrant" and "M")". Model Citizen blog. Microsoft. Retrieved 7 December 2012.
  190. ^ "SQL Server Modeling CTP - Nov 2009 Release 3 (formerly "Oslo")". Download Center. Microsoft. 20 April 2010. Retrieved 7 December 2012.
  191. ^ Chen, Raymond (6 May 2014). "Letting the boss think your project is classier than it really is". The Old New Thing. Microsoft.
  192. ^ "Skype for Business Rooms: the Rigel Effect & Logitech's SmartDock". Retrieved 2018-06-04.
  193. ^ "Microsoft SharedView". Microsoft Connect. Microsoft Corporation. Archived from the original on 1 January 2011. Retrieved 22 December 2010.
  194. ^ Foley, Mary Jo (14 August 2007). "A (Microsoft) Code Name a Day: Tahiti". ZDNet News. CBS Interactive. Retrieved 22 December 2010.
  195. ^ Chen, Raymond. "Raymond Chen discusses Microsoft Bob". Microsoft Technet. Microsoft Corporation. Retrieved 30 December 2012.
  196. ^ Interview with Tjeerd Hoek, director of user experience design for Windows - istartedsomething
  197. ^ Oiaga, Marius (December 1, 2010). "Introducing Codename Atlanta - Cloud Monitoring of SQL Server Deployments". Softpedia. SoftNews. Retrieved 2010-12-04.
  198. ^ Microsoft Codename "Dallas"
  199. ^ Hess, Robert (May 14, 2001). "A Quick Introduction to HailStorm". MSDN. Microsoft. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  200. ^ Markoff, John (April 11, 2002). "Microsoft Has Shelved Its Internet 'Persona' Service". The New York Times. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  201. ^ Foley, Mary Jo (2015-11-30). "Microsoft takes wraps off PowerApps mobile-app creation service". ZDNet. CBS Interactive. Retrieved 2016-11-13. PowerApps -- codenamed Project Kratos -- is designed to allow business users and developers to create custom native, mobile, and Web apps that can be shared simply across their organizations.
  202. ^ Microsoft Unveils "Media2Go" Portable Media Player Platform: Intel to Deliver Initial Hardware Reference Archived 2007-12-29 at the Wayback Machine
  203. ^ Microsoft Announces Official Name and New ODM Partners For Portable Media Center Devices
  204. ^ Microsoft Unveils New Home PC Experiences With "Freestyle" and "Mira": New Technologies
  205. ^ How a Smart Display Works
  206. ^ Foley, Mary Jo (13 December 2006). "A (Microsoft) code name a day: Monaco". CNET. CBS Interactive.
  207. ^ Levy, Steven (June 24, 2002). "The Big Secret". Newsweek. Retrieved January 30, 2015.
  208. ^ Biddle, Peter; Peinado, Marcus; England, Paul (2000). "Privacy, Security, and Content in Windows Platforms". Microsoft. Archived from the original (PPT) on April 2, 2015. Retrieved January 30, 2015.
  209. ^ Foley, Mary Jo (18 May 2007). "Microsoft Popfly: Yahoo Pipes for the rest of us". ZDNet News. CBS Interactive. Retrieved 22 December 2010.
  210. ^ Noss, John (2 January 1995). "Big bang for the buck". InfoWorld. 16 (52): 51. ISSN 0199-6649.

External links[edit]