Microsoft codenames are the codenames given by Microsoft to products it has in development, before these products are given the names by which they appear on store shelves. Many of these products (new versions of Windows in particular) are of major significance to the IT community, and so the terms are often widely used in discussions prior to the official release. Microsoft usually does not announce a final name until shortly before the product is publicly available. It is not uncommon for Microsoft to reuse codenames a few years after a previous usage has been abandoned.
There has been some suggestion that Microsoft may move towards defining the real name of their upcoming products earlier in the product development lifecycle so as to avoid needing product codenames.
Operating systems [ edit ]
Windows 3.1x and 9x [ edit ]
Windows 3.1 N/A
Windows for Workgroups 3.1 Windows 3.1 (
16-bit) with enhanced networking; designed to work particularly well as a client with the new Windows NT.
Windows for Workgroups 3.10
Windows for Workgroups 3.11
Although this release was still 16-bit Windows, it included a 32-bit TCP/IP stack (when running on compatible hardware). Along with
Win32s, this was one of the first steps towards moving the Windows desktop to a 32-bit code base.
Windows 95 For codenames of some of the internal components of Windows 95, see "Jaguar", "Cougar", "Panther" and "Stimpy" under
§ OS components.
Windows 95 OSR 2
Detroit, Michigan. A writer for Maximum PC suggested that "Detroit" and other Windows 95-era names were answers to the question posed by Microsoft's " Where do you want to go today?" marketing campaign.
Nashville Windows 96
Cancelled upgrade for Windows 95; sometimes referred to in the press as
Windows 96. Codename was reused for Internet Explorer 4.0 and Windows Desktop Update which incorporated many of the technologies planned for Nashville.
Windows 97, Windows 4.1
ME stands for Millennium Edition.
Windows NT family [ edit ]
 NT OS/2
Windows NT 3.5 Named after the
Daytona International Speedway in Daytona Beach, Florida.
SUR (Shell Update Release),
Cairo  N/A
Windows NT 4.0 Microsoft originally planned for NT 4.0 to be just a simple "Shell Update Release" to integrate the Windows 95 GUI with Windows NT 3.51's kernel.
Microsoft Cluster Server
Windows 2000 itself did not have a codename because, according to Dave Thompson of Windows NT team, " Jim Allchin didn't like codenames". 
Windows NT 4.0 Embedded
Neptune  N/A
Planned consumer version of Windows 2000, merged with Odyssey to form Whistler.
Planned successor to Windows 2000 for business customers, merged with Neptune to form Whistler.
Windows XP Named after
Whistler, British Columbia, where design retreats were held.
Windows XP Embedded Named after the
  N/A
Windows XP Media Center Edition
Windows XP Media Center Edition 2004
Windows XP Media Center Edition 2005
Windows XP Media Center Edition 2005 Update Rollup 2
Windows Media Center
Included in Windows Vista
Set of enhanced security features, included in
Windows XP Service Pack 2. 
Windows XP Tablet PC Edition 2005
 Windows Server 2002,
Windows .NET Server
Windows Server 2003
Windows Small Business Server 2003
Not to be confused with
Windows Fundamentals for Legacy PCs Mönch included additional features for use on mobile devices.
   N/A
Windows Vista Named after the Longhorn Bar in the
Whistler Blackcomb ski resort; initially planned as an "interim release" between "Whistler" and "Blackcomb" (see below)
Quattro   N/A
Windows Home Server
Windows Home Server 2011
Windows Server 2008
Windows Small Business Server 2008
Windows Essential Business Server
Windows 7   "Blackcomb" is named after
Whistler Blackcomb ski resort. Vienna is the capital of Austria.
Windows Vista Media Center Feature Pack 2008 Windows Media Center TV Pack 2008
Windows Small Business Server 2011 Essentials
Windows Embedded 2011
Windows Server 8
Windows Server 2012
Windows 10 Named after a location seen in
, near which Halo: Combat Evolved Installation O4 orbits. 
Windows 10 (2016 builds)
Named after a fictional mineral from
. Minecraft 
Windows CE family [ edit ]
Windows Phone [ edit ]
OS components [ edit ]
Code Integrity Rooting
BitLocker A security feature that checks and validates the integrity of Windows boot and system components.
Windows 10 feature that enables hybrid devices to switch between tablet mode and desktop mode. An immediately manifest effect is the Start screen getting maximized in tablet mode.
Full disk encryption feature introduced in Windows Vista and present in subsequent versions that utilizes the
Trusted Platform Module to perform integrity checking prior to operating system startup.
intelligent personal assistant included with Windows 10, named after an artificial intelligence character in Halo
  
Windows Installer A
Windows service and application programming interface for installing software on computers running Microsoft Windows operating systems
Windows 95 codename
Microsoft Plus! for Windows 95
Terminal Services, Windows Terminal Server Terminal Server adds "multiheading" support to Windows (the ability to run multiple instances of the graphics subsystem), and the
hydra is a mythological monster with multiple heads.
16-bit DOS kernel for Windows 95 based on
MS-DOS 5.0, used by Windows 95 boot loader and compatibility layer.
  
Windows Runtime A new application framework on
Windows 8 used to create cross-platform "immersive" apps.
MSH, Microsoft Shell
Windows PowerShell "Monads", according to philosopher
Gottfried Leibniz's monadology, are the ultimate elements of the universe, individual percipient beings, and MSH is similarly composed of small, individual modules the user puts in interrelation.
Microsoft Security Essentials MSE was codenamed after the
Morro de São Paulo beach in Brazil.
Internet Explorer 1 Internet Explorer 1, first shipped in
Microsoft Plus! for Windows 95: The codename O'Hare ties into the Chicago codename for Windows 95: O'Hare International Airport is the largest airport in the city of Chicago, Illinois — in Microsoft's words, "a point of departure to distant places from Chicago".
Cancelled. Panther was a 32-bit kernel based on Windows NT kernel.
High Performance File System (HPFS) "Pinball" is the nickname (as opposed to a codename) for HPFS because HPFS driver in
Windows NT 3.5 is called PINBALL.SYS.
  
ReadyDrive Feature introduced in Windows Vista to support
ReFS The successor of
Internet Explorer 7 Rincon is a surfing beach in Puerto Rico
Web browser for Windows 10 that does away with MSHTML rendering engine. Refers to Spartans in . Halo
Windows Shell Applies to Windows 95 only.
Virtualization update for Windows Server 2008
A cancelled data storage and
management system project based on relational databases, first demonstrated in 2003 as an advanced storage subsystem for the Microsoft Windows, designed for persistence and management of structured, semi-structured as well as unstructured data.
SQL Server family [ edit ]
This section needs additional citations for . verification (January 2016)
SQL Server 4.21
SQL Server 6.0
SQL Server 6.5
SQL Server 7.0
OLAP Services 7.0 "OLAP Services" was later renamed
Microsoft Analysis Services
SQL Server 2000
Reporting Services in SQL Server 2000
SQL Server 2005
Analysis Services in SQL Server 2005
Katmai / Akadia
SQL Server 2008
SQL Server 2008 R2
SQL Server 2008 Report Designer 2.0
This is the standalone release of the tool for
Reporting Services. It must not be confused with Report Builder 2.0.
  
SQL Server 2012
  
SQL Server Data Tools
Was included in SQL Server 2012, later released as a standalone downloadable application
A data visualisation tool that originally shipped as part of SQL Server 2012, later an add-in for Microsoft Excel
Hekaton SQL Server In-Memory OLTP
In-memory database engine built into SQL Server 2014
Developers tools [ edit ]
Visual Basic 1.0
The first version of
Visual Basic. The standard dialogs and controls created by the Visual Basic runtime library all have "Thunder" as a prefix of their internal type names (for example, buttons are internally known as ThunderCommandButton).
Microsoft Visual C++ 4.1
Zamboni, an ice resurfacing machine.
Microsoft Visual Studio 97 Named for
Microsoft Visual Studio 6.0 Named after the popular ski destination
Cassini Web Server
ASP.NET Development Server
The lightweight local Web server that is launched in Visual Studio in order to test Web projects
Visual Studio Team System's Source Control System
Named after the
Cape Hatteras Lighthouse in the Outer Banks region of North Carolina
Visual Studio Team System load testing suite
Named after the
Ocracoke Island Lighthouse on Ocracoke Island, also in North Carolina
Team Foundation Work Item Tracking
Named after the
Currituck Beach Lighthouse in Corolla, North Carolina
Team Foundation Server SDK
Named after the
Bodie Island Lighthouse in North Carolina
Online version of Visual Studio.
Currently a research project
A Microsoft research software development kit
Visual Studio Team Explorer Everywhere
This is the name given to the Teamprise suite Microsoft acquired. The product is now named Visual Studio Team Explorer Everywhere
Visual Studio LightSwitch RAD tool aimed at non-programmers
Visual Studio .NET (2002) Named for
Mount Rainier, a volcanic mountain peak visible from the Seattle area (where Microsoft is based)
Visual Studio .NET 2003 Named after the town
Everett, Washington in Washington state
  
Visual Studio 2005 Named after
Whidbey Island in the Puget Sound  
Visual Studio 2008 Named after
Orcas Island in the Puget Sound
  
Microsoft Test and Lab Manager
Microsoft Test Manager, a part of
Visual Studio 2010 Test Professional, Premium and Ultimate editions Named after
Camano Island in the Puget Sound
  
Visual Studio Ultimate 2010 (formerly Team System or Team Suite)
Visual Studio designer for building
Windows Presentation Foundation applications, meant to be used by application developers
In-browser IDE for Visual Studio
Languages [ edit ]
This section needs additional citations for . verification (January 2016)
Microsoft Layer for Unicode Named after the play
(centered around the endless wait for a man named "Godot" who never comes), because it was felt to be long overdue. Waiting for Godot
ISAM database engine used in
Microsoft Access (a desktop database management system) and made available as a generic database access API
Jasper provides a data programming interface for
rapid application development. When a Jasper program runs, Jasper connects to the database, determines the database schema, and generates corresponding data classes. This generation step does not occur in source files; rather, the data classes are compiled in memory and are only available for use within the running program.
A developer toolset for building multi-tier web applications
Gaming hardware [ edit ]
This section needs additional citations for . verification (January 2016)
Microsoft's all-in-one, subscription-based service for office, communication, and security software
Schedule+ 1.0 Microsoft's first
Personal Information Manager
Microsoft Office Communicator Web Access 2005
Microsoft Mail 3.0 Microsoft's first
LAN-based email product written in-house
Microsoft Access 1.0
CRM V1.0, Tsunami
Microsoft CRM 1.0 The platform was initially codenamed Tsunami, but once the decision was made to make it an actual product it was just changed to the initials as the initials were enough of a codename.
Danube Phase I
Microsoft CRM 1.2
Danube Phase II
Microsoft CRM 3
Microsoft CRM 4 Was originally Kilimanjaro but changed to Titan, as Kilimanjaro was too difficult to spell
Real-Time Communications Server 2003
Microsoft Office Live Communications Server 2003
Microsoft Office Communicator 2005
Microsoft Office Business Scorecard Manager 2005
Word for Windows v1.0 for Windows 2.x
Microsoft BizTalk Server SOA, SQL Server Modeling CTP
Service-oriented architecture (SOA) technologies
  
Microsoft Outlook "Stimpy" was merged into "Ren", which later became "Wren". "Ren" and "Stimpy" are references to
Ren and Stimpy, characters of an American animated television series. "Wren", a homophone of "Ren", is a reference to Christopher Wren, the architect of St Paul's Cathedral.
A screen sharing tool which allows users to take over sessions and interact with remote desktops. No audio or conference facilities.
Sharepoint Portal Server 2001
Microsoft Bob Intended to be a user-friendly GUI
Other codenames [ edit ]
This section needs additional citations for . verification (January 2016)
Application framework for Smart Clients
Used during the
development of Windows Vista to describe a set of advanced user interface effects for the Desktop Window Manager to be introduced after Vista's release
Zune Marketplace An online music store
Zune A digital media player
cloud service that monitors Microsoft SQL Server deployments
An online content-authoring platform centered around the concept of distributed
Object Linking and Embedding (OLE) and meant to be an alternative to HTML. The developer tools were originally released in beta and some titles were made available on MSDN before it was scrapped in favor of web development around ASP and ActiveX and the designer was refashioned into Visual InterDev.
Aims to: define higher-level abstractions (above "threads and locks"); for today's imperative languages; that evenly support the range of concurrency granularities; to let developers write correct and efficient concurrent applications; with lots of latent parallelism; that can be efficiently mapped to the user's.
Aims to help discover, purchase and manage, premium data subscriptions in the Windows Azure platform
Zune PC Client
.NET My Services Collection of
web services centered around the storage and retrieval of information. Cancelled before it could fully materialize.
Bing Microsoft's set of features improving
Live Search search engine
The Microsoft Network The classic version of MSN, originally as a proprietary, "walled garden" online service
Windows Mobile software for
Portable Media Centers Platform built on
Windows Mobile found on portable media players
XML Paper Specification (XPS)
Microsoft PixelSense Table-top style computer with multi-touch touchscreen interface
Windows CE .NET-based technology for
Music-making program similar to
Apple GarageBand application
Effort to develop a small, very secure operating environment within Windows, including curtained memory, trusted input, and graphics. Project renamed to
Next-Generation Secure Computing Base, and was never fully implemented.
Windows Media Center Extender
Microsoft Popfly N/A
Website in Alpha testing stage providing mashup and webpages creation tools, with publishing as
Rich Internet Application option
TCP/IP stack for Windows for Workgroups 3.11 Named after the
Wolverine, a character from Marvel Comics.
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