List of Mikoyan MiG-29 operators
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This is a list of Mikoyan MiG-29 operators.
- 1 Current operators
- 1.1 Algeria
- 1.2 Azerbaijan
- 1.3 Bangladesh
- 1.4 Belarus
- 1.5 Bulgaria
- 1.6 Cuba
- 1.7 Eritrea
- 1.8 India
- 1.9 Iran
- 1.10 Kazakhstan
- 1.11 Malaysia
- 1.12 North Korea
- 1.13 Peru
- 1.14 Poland
- 1.15 Russia
- 1.16 Serbia
- 1.17 Slovakia
- 1.18 Sudan
- 1.19 Syria
- 1.20 Turkmenistan
- 1.21 Ukraine
- 1.22 United States
- 1.23 Uzbekistan
- 1.24 Yemen
- 2 Former operators
- 3 See also
- 4 References
Algeria has 32 aircraft in service. Algeria has ordered 65 MiG-29s, four MiG-29UBT in total. 36 MiG-29SMT were to be delivered between 2007 and 2008. However, in March 2008, in an unprecedented move, Algeria decided to return 15 of the MiG-29SMT aircraft delivered in 2006-07 back to Russia, citing the "inferior quality" of certain components and units. Following this the MiG-29SMT has been cancelled with SU-30s instead ordered. 
- 113e Escadron de Chasse based at Tindouf operates MiG-29S (9.13S) upgraded to MiG-29SMT standard.
- 143e Escadron de Chasse based at Ouargla operates MiG-29S (9.13S) and MiG-29UB (9.51) upgraded to MiG-29SMT standard.
- 153e Escadron de Chasse based at Béchar-Oukda/Leger operates MiG-29S (9.13S) upgraded to MiG-29SMT standard.
- 193e Escadron de Chasse based at Bou Sfer operates MiG-29S (9.13S) and MiG-29UB (9.51) upgraded to MiG-29SMT standard.
Bangladesh has 8 aircraft in service. 16 single-seat MiG-29SE multi-role variants were ordered, however procurement was cancelled after 8 aircraft were delivered.
Bulgaria has 15 MiG-29 in service, including 2 MiG-29UB. Also 4 MiG-29 in reserve. One aircraft disjointed in Bulgarian military factory. One MiG-29A crashed in 1994 and one MiG-29UB in 2004.
Eritrea received 8 aircraft in 1998, of these 5 remain in service.
- Indian Air Force
- Indian Naval Air Arm
18 single seat MiG-29 and 6 MiG-29UB trainers were delivered from Soviet Union during 1990-1991 period. Iran took over 4 ex-Iraqi aircraft flown over in 1991, including one MiG-29UB. Currently 25 are in service.
- 11 TFS based at Tehran and Mehrabad Int'l operates MiG-29 (9.12B) and MiG-29UB (9.51).
- 23 TFS based at Tabriz operates MiG-29 (9.12B) and MiG-29UB (9.51).
Kazakhstan has 40 aircraft in service.
Malaysia originally received 18 MiG-29s, only 12 are operational due to lack of spare parts and replacement planning is under way.
- 19 Sqn Cobra based at RMAF Kuantan operates MiG-29S (9.13S) and MiG-29UB (9.51) under (local designation MiG-29N).
North Korea has 15-40 MiG-29 aircraft in service.
- 57th Air Regiment based at Sunchon
Peru acquired 18 aircraft from Belarus in 1996, 16 MiG-29 (9.13) and 2 MiG-29UB (9.51) (one purchased new by Belarus to Russia to replace the unit rejected by the Peruvian Air Force for technical issues). Two aircraft were lost in accidents in 1997 and 2001 respectively. Three additional MiG-29SE (9.13SE) were purchased from Russia in 1998 to replace the lost aircraft.
On 12 August 2008 a contract of US$106 million was signed with RAC MiG for a custom-made SM-based upgrade of eight MiG-29 called MiG-29SMP. Four MiG-29SMP (3 single-seaters and 1 twin-seater) were displayed in maneuvers during the Peruvian Air Force anniversary celebrations on 23 July 2012.
- Escuadrón Aéreo Nº 612 based at Chiclayo operates MiG-29/MiG-29SE/MiG-29SMP (9.13/9.13SE) and MiG-29UBP (9.51).
Poland bought 12 aircraft (nine MiG-29 9.12A and three MiG-29UB 9.51) from the Soviet Union between 1989 and 1990. Next ten ex-Czech aircraft (nine MiG-29A and one MiG-29UB) were exchanged with Czech Republic for 11 Polish PZL W-3 Sokół helicopters in 1996. Last 22 were handed over by Germany in 2003. Currently Poland has 44 aircraft (36 MiG-29A and eight MiG-29UB) but only 32 aircraft are operational in two units.
Between 2001 and 2005 all aircraft were upgraded with domestic SC-10D2 Supraśl IFF, Rockwell Collins AN/ARN-153 (TCN 500) TACAN and ANV-241 MMR VOR/ILS receivers, Trimble 2101AP civilian GPS receiver, Thomson-CSF SB-14 radar warning receiver, RS 6113-2 VHF/UHF radio with R-862 control panel and new anti-collision lights. Their service life was extended up to 4000 flight hour or until 2028. In 2011-2014 period 16 aircraft from the 1. elt received second modernization package, consisting of MFCD 5"x7" multi-function display, MDP mission computer, Up-Front Control Panel (UFCP), Honeywell Enhanced GPS Inertial navigation system (EGI) with SAASM, MIL-STD-1553B data bus and Rockwell Collins AN/ARC-210 (Talon RT-8200) VHF/UHF radio, exploitation was changed from flight hours to be based on technical status.
- 1. Pułk Lotnictwa Myśliwskiego based at Mińsk Mazowiecki operated MiG-29 (9.12A) and MiG-29UB (9.51) between 1989 and 2000. Unit was reorganized to 1. ELT.
- 1. eskadra lotnictwa taktycznego based at Mińsk Mazowiecki operates MiG-29 (9.12A) and MiG-29UB (9.51) from 2001.
- 41. eskadra lotnictwa taktycznego based at Malbork operates MiG-29 (9.12A) and MiG-29UB (9.51) from 2005.
Russia had a total of 240 in service in 2015.
- 14th Fighter Aviation Regiment - Kursk
- 200th Training Air Base - Armavir
- 19th Fighter Aviation Regiment - Millerovo
- 102nd Military Base - Gyumri
- 100th Shipborne Fighter Aviation Regiment
Serbia inherited four MiG-29B and one MiG-29UB from Yugoslavia. Refurbished and returned to service in 2009. One MiG-29 crashed in 2009. Currently only 3 MiG-29s (2 single seaters and 1 dual seater) are operational. 
- 101st squadron based at 204th Air Base (Batajnica Airbase) operates MiG-29 (9.12B) and MiG-29UB (9.51).
Slovakia has 21 aircraft in service since 1993, 13 are operational. In 2005–2006 aircraft were upgraded to MiG-29SD (locally designated AS - S for Slovak) and MiG-29UBS with NATO/ICAO standard.
Sudan has 22-23 aircraft in service. According to Sudanese Defense Minister Abdul Rahim Mohammed Hussein, Sudan bought 12 MiG-29 from Russia in 2004 (despite the UN arms embargo and other 12 in 2008 (probable Russian surplus via Belarus). One MiG-29 was shot down in May 2008 by heavy machine gun fire during a CAS mission; Sudanese Air Force
Syria has an unknown number of aircraft in service. Sources state between 22 and 84. MiG-29SM (SyAF) For the Syrian Air Force, and based on the MiG-29SM, except the Syrian MiG-29SM uses the 9.12 airframe. RAC MiG developed a special variant for Syria. In 2007 Syria reportedly signed a deal for 24 Mig-29m2s that was delayed, in 2011 Syrian signed a deal for an other 24 Mig-29m2 
- 697 Squadron based at Tsaykal
- 698 Squadron based at Tsaykal
- 699 Squadron based at Tsaykal
Turkmenistan has 20 aircraft in service.
- 204th Fighter Aviation Brigade
- 9th Fighter Aviation Brigade
- 114th Fighter Aviation Brigade
- 40th Fighter Aviation Brigade
Uzbekistan has 30 aircraft in service.
Yemen has 14 aircraft in service. Since 2005 the standard was MiG-29SMT, replacing SE version (14 SE and UB delivered in 2001, after sent to MiG to be updated). Together with those 14 aircraft updated, RSK-MiG sold 6 new examples. Later there was eventually another batch delivered.
Czechoslovakia had 18 MiG-29A and 2 MiG-29UB from 1989. All were passed on (in 1:1 ratio) to Czech Republic and Slovakia.
Czech Republic received nine MiG-29A and one MiG-29UB. Aircraft are no longer in service, being exchanged with Poland for 11 PZL W-3 Sokół helicopters in 1996.
Germany inherited 24 aircraft from East Germany in 1990 and upgraded them to NATO compatibility. One was lost, and one was kept for display when the remaining 22 were transferred to Poland in 2003, following the arrival of the Eurofighter Typhoon which replaced them.
- JG73 "Steinhoff" based at Laage operated MiG-29 (9.12A) and MiG-29UB (9.51) under local designation MiG-29G.
Hungary received 28 MIG-29s in 1993 as debt compensation from Russia. The last of them was retired in December, 2010. Eight of them were put up for sale with the bidding starting at 18 Million USD. The bidders had to submit offers by 15 September 2011
- 2. Vadászrepülö Század was based at Kecskemét was operating MiG-29 (9.12A) and MiG-29UB (9.51).
- 59th Wing, Dongó Squadron was based at Kecskemét was operating MiG-29 (9.12A) and MiG-29UB (9.51).
Iraq received 41 aircraft. 16 were destroyed in Gulf War, 4 evacuated to Iran. Remaining squadron (with 18 aircraft) withdrawn from service in 1995 due to engine TBO expiry.
2 aircraft, borrowed from an undisclosed European air force (according to online images aircraft from the Polish Air Force were used) for evaluation. Flown by 601 Squadron, the Israeli Air Force's flight test center.
Moldova had 34 aircraft inherited from USSR. 6 of them were sold to Yemen, 21 bought by USA, 1 MiG-29S sold to Romania. Last 6 remaining MiG-29S were overhauled in Ukraine recently. Yemen Return 6 MiG-29S.The remaining Moldovan MiGs are grounded due to lack of spare parts.
Romania received 20 MiG-29A delivered from USSR starting in 1989 plus 1 MiG-29S from Moldova. Currently 18 aircraft were placed in storage after funding was cut for upgrade programme.
Upon its dissolution in 1991 the Soviet Union had approximately 1,000 aircraft in service. Upon the break-up they were passed to Belarus (50), Ukraine (220), Kazakhstan (40), Uzbekistan (30), Turkmenistan (20). The remaining 600+ were passed to Russia. Many were subsequently sold off to third-party states and/or written off.
Yugoslavia received 14 MiG-29Bs and 2 MiG-29UBs from the Soviet Union in 1987 and 1988. During operation Allied Force, two MiG-29s were shot down, while another six and one MiG-29UB were destroyed on the ground by NATO, One MiG-29 was also lost in a noncombat related accident. Since the dissolution of Yugoslavia the remaining four MiG-29s and single MiG-29UB were passed on to Serbia.
- 127th squadron operated 14 MiG-29Bs and 2 MiG-29UB.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mikoyan MiG-29.|
- John Pike. "No threat to Russian-Algerian deal after MiG-29 flop - official". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 18 July 2010.
- "World Air Forces 2013". Flightglobal.com, 11 December 2012.
- "Indian Navy chief to inspect MiG-29K assembly in Russia". RIA Novosti. 13 March 2008. Retrieved 18 July 2010.
- "India-Russia close to seal MiG-29K Fighters deal". The Indian Express. 25 September 2008. Retrieved 18 July 2010.
- FUERZA AÉRA DEL PERÚ FIRMA CONTRATO PARA REPARAR MIG29. Ministry of Defense (12 August 2008). Retrieved on 13 August 2008.
- La Fuerza Aérea de Perú muestra su capacidad de combate. Defensa.com (25 July 2012). Retrieved on 25 July 2012.
- Basic equipment for Polish pilots in the Air Policing mission are MiG29s fighters.
- DOPOSAŻENIE I MODERNIZACJA SAMOLOTÓW MiG-29. WZL nr 2, 18-09-2012
- Lifting MiGa. lotniczapolska.pl, 25 December 2011.
- Aviatsiya Voyenno globalsecurity.org.
- "MiG close to Russian MiG-29 deal". RIA Novosti. 8 December 2011.
- "MiG-29 Fighter". www.vs.rs. Retrieved 7 May 2013.
- "RFI - La Russie a vendu 12 chasseurs MiG-29 au Soudan". Rfi.fr. Retrieved 18 July 2010.
- Ukraine - Air Force Equipment
- Aerei N.44
- "תמונות ראשונות: אימון ישראלי במטוסי מיג 29. 13.05.09 - רשת". Reshet.ynet.co.il. 13 May 2009. Retrieved 18 July 2010.[dead link]
- Romania retires its MiG-29 fleet article in Adevărul website, January 2003.
- "MiG-29 Fulcrum Fighter Bomber, Russian Federation". airforce-technology.com.[unreliable source?]
- "Yugoslav & Serbian MiG-29s". Air Combat Information Group. 30 November 2003.