List of Ministers-President of Austria

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Minister-President of Austrian Empire
Imperial Coat of Arms of the Empire of Austria.svg
Lammasch.jpg
Heinrich Lammasch
Precursor State Chancellor
Formation 20 March 1848
First holder Franz Anton
Final holder Heinrich Lammasch
Abolished 11 November 1918
Succession Chancellor of Austria

The Minister-President of Austria was the head of government of the Austrian Empire from 1848, when the office was created in the course of the March Revolution. Previously, executive power rested with an Austrian State Council, headed by the Emperor himself, from 1821 under the chairmanship of State Chancellor Prince Klemens von Metternich. The offices of Minister-President was not refilled from 1852, when Emperor Franz Joseph resumed control of the government affairs, and was replaced by a coordinating Chairman of the Austrian Minister's Conference.

According to the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867, executive powers were divided between the Emperor and King, the Minister of the Imperial and Royal House and of Foreign Affairs as chairman of the k. u. k. Ministers' Council for Common Affairs, and the Ministers-President of the Cisleithanian (Austrian) and Hungarian halves of the Empire. After the dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy in November 1918, the head of government in the Austrian Republic since 1920 has been the Federal Chancellor.

Austrian Empire (1848–1867)[edit]

Minister-Presidents[edit]

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Ethnicity Term of office Political Party Legislature
(Election)
Emperor
(Reign)
Franz Anton von Kolowrat-Liebsteinsky.jpg Count Franz Anton von Kolowrat-Liebsteinsky
(1778–1861)
Bohemian 20 March 1848 19 April 1848 Nonpartisan None Ferdinand I
Kaiser Ferdinand I von Österreich in ungarischer Adjustierung mit Ordensschmuck c1830.jpg
(1835–1848)
Karl Ludwig von Ficquelmont.jpg Charles-Louis,
Count of Ficquelmont

(1777–1857)
French 19 April 1848 19 May 1848 Nonpartisan
Franz von Pillersdorf Litho.jpg Baron Franz von Pillersdorf
(1786–1862)
German 19 May 1848 8 July 1848 Nonpartisan I
(1848)
Anton Doblhoff-Dier Litho.jpg Baron Anton von Doblhoff-Dier
(1800–1872)
German 8 July 1848 18 July 1848 Nonpartisan
Johann Philipp Wessenberg Kriehuber.jpg Baron Johann von Wessenberg-Ampringen
(1773–1858)
German 18 July 1848 21 November 1848 Nonpartisan
Schwarzenberg Felix 1800 1852 PMAustria litho1840.jpg Prince Felix of Schwarzenberg
(1800–1852)
Bohemian 21 November 1848 5 April 1852 Nonpartisan None Francis Joseph I
Eduard Klieber Franz Joseph I.jpg
(1848–1916)

Presidents of the Conference of Ministers[edit]

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Ethnicity Term of office Political Party Emperor
(Reign)
Buol-Schauenstein Litho.jpg Count Karl Ferdinand von Buol
(1797–1865)
German 11 April 1852 21 August 1859 Nonpartisan Francis Joseph I
Franz Russ dÄ (attr) Franz Joseph I c1855.jpg
(1848–1916)
Johann Bernhard von Rechberg.jpg Count Bernhard von Rechberg
(1806–1899)
German 21 August 1859 4 February 1861 Nonpartisan
Erzherzog Rainer Vizekoenig.jpg Archduke Rainer Ferdinand of Austria
(1827–1913)
German 4 February 1861 26 June 1865 Nonpartisan
Alexander von Mensdorff-Pouilly.jpg Count Alexander de Mensdorff-Pouilly
(1813–1871)
French 26 June 1865 27 July 1865 Nonpartisan
Richard Belcredi.png Count Richard Belcredi
(1823–1902)
Italian 27 July 1865 7 February 1867 Nonpartisan
Friedrich Ferdinand Beust (cropped).jpg Count Friedrich Ferdinand von Beust
(1809–1886)
German 7 February 1867 30 December 1867 Nonpartisan

Austria–Hungary (1867–1918)[edit]

Minister-Presidents of Cisleithania[edit]

  Constitutional (7)   Federalist (7)   Christian Social Party (4)

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political Party Legislature
(Election)
Emperor
(Reign)
CarlosAuersperg.jpg Prince Karl von Auersperg
(1814–1890)
30 December 1867 24 September 1868 Constitutional Party I
(1867)
Francis Joseph I
László Portrait of Franz Joseph I 1899.jpg
(1848–1916)
Eduard Taaffe (1833–1895).jpg Eduard Taaffe,
11th Viscount Taaffe

(1833–1895)
1 24 September 1868 15 January 1870 Constitutional Party
Ignaz Plener.jpg Baron Ignaz von Plener
(1810–1908)
15 January 1870 1 February 1870 Constitutional Party
Leopold Hasner von Artha (1818–1891).jpg Leopold Hasner von Artha
(1818–1891)
1 February 1870 12 April 1870 Constitutional Party
Alfred Potocki (IZ 54-1870 S 337 HScherenberg).jpg Count Alfred Józef Potocki
(1817–1889)
12 April 1870 6 February 1871 Federalist Party
Graf Hohenwart 1899 J. Löwy.png Count Karl Sigmund von Hohenwart
(1824–1899)
6 February 1871 30 October 1871 Federalist Party
Austria politic personality icon.svg Baron Ludwig Holzgethan
(1800–1876)
30 October 1871 25 November 1871 Nonpartisan
Karl Daniel von Auersperg.jpg Prince Adolf von Auersperg
(1821–1885)
25 November 1871 15 February 1879 Constitutional Party II
(1871–72)
III
(1873)
Austria politic personality icon.svg Ritter Karl von Stremayr
(1823–1904)
15 February 1879 12 August 1879 Constitutional Party
Eduard Taaffe (1833–1895).jpg Eduard Taaffe,
11th Viscount Taaffe

(1833–1895)
2 12 August 1879 11 November 1893 Constitutional Party IV
(1879)
Federalist Party V
(1885)
VI
(1891)
Alfred3W.jpg Alfred III,
Prince of Windisch-Grätz

(1851–1927)
11 November 1893 19 June 1895 Federalist Party
Erich Graf von Kielmannsegg, k.k. Statthalter in Niederösterreich, Ehrenpräsident des Goldenen Kreuzes 1900 bis 1911.jpg Count Erich von Kielmansegg
(1847–1923)
19 June 1895 30 September 1895 Federalist Party
Kasimir Felix Badeni (1846–1909).jpg Count Count Kasimir Felix Badeni
(1846–1909)
30 September 1895 30 November 1897 Federalist Party
Paul Gautsch.jpg Baron Paul Gautsch von Frankenthurn
(1851–1918)
1 30 November 1897 5 March 1898 Christian Social Party VII
(1897)
Franz, Prince of Thun and Hohenstein, 1893.jpg Prince Franz von Thun
(1847–1916)
5 March 1898 2 October 1899 Federalist Party
Count Manfred von Clary-Aldringen cropped.jpg Count Manfred von Clary-Aldringen
(1852–1928)
5 March 1898 2 October 1899 Nonpartisan
Heinrich von Wittek (1844–1930).jpg Ritter Heinrich von Wittek
(1844–1930)
2 October 1899 18 January 1900 Christian Social Party
Ernest von Koerber 1905 GTÖ C. Pietzner.png Ernest von Koerber
(1850–1919)
1 18 January 1900 31 December 1904 (Old) Constitutional Party VIII
(1900–01)
Paul Gautsch.jpg Baron Paul Gautsch von Frankenthurn
(1851–1918)
2 1 January 1904 2 May 1906 Christian Social Party
Carl Pietzner - Konrad Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst, 1915.jpg Prince Konrad Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst
(1863–1918)
2 May 1906 2 June 1906 Nonpartisan
Max Wladimir von Beck (1854–1943).jpg Baron Max Wladimir von Beck
(1854–1943)
2 June 1906 15 November 1908 Nonpartisan IX
(1907)
Count Richard von Bienerth-Schmerling.jpg Count Richard von Bienerth-Schmerling
(1863–1918)
15 November 1908 28 June 1911 Nonpartisan
Paul Gautsch.jpg Baron Paul Gautsch von Frankenthurn
(1851–1918)
3 28 June 1911 3 November 1911 Christian Social Party X
(1911)
Karl von Stürgkh (1859–1916).jpg Karl von Stürgkh
(1859–1916)
3 November 1911 21 October 1916 Nonpartisan
(German National Association)
Ernest von Koerber 1905 GTÖ C. Pietzner.png Ernest von Koerber
(1850–1919)
2 21 October 1916 20 December 1916 (Old) Constitutional Party
(German National Association)
Count Heinrich Clam-Martinic.jpg Count Heinrich Clam-Martinic
(1863–1932)
20 December 1916 23 June 1917 Nonpartisan
(German National Association)
Charles I
Theodor Mayerhofer Kaiser Karl I von österreich 1917.jpg
(1916–1918)
Ernst Seidler von Feuchtenegg.jpg Ernst Seidler von Feuchtenegg
(1862–1931)
23 June 1917 27 July 1918 Nonpartisan
Baron Max Hussarek von Heinlein.jpg Baron Max Hussarek von Heinlein
(1865–1935)
27 July 1918 27 October 1918 Christian Social Party
Lammasch.jpg Heinrich Lammasch
(1853–1920)
27 October 1918 11 November 1918 Christian Social Party

See also[edit]