List of Most Wanted Nazi War Criminals according to the Simon Wiesenthal Center

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Beginning in 2001, Efraim Zuroff of the Simon Wiesenthal Center produced an Annual Status Report on the Worldwide Investigation and Prosecution of Nazi war criminals which, since at least 2005, includes a list of "most wanted" criminals that had never been convicted. The list was last updated in 2015.

Nazi war criminals slated for possible prosecution[edit]

The following Nazi war criminals were slated for possible prosecution as of 2016, according to the Simon Wiesenthal Center.[1] Current country of residence is listed first, with country where crime was committed enclosed in brackets.

  1. Helma Kissner, (born 1923/1924 (age 93–94))[2] – Germany (Poland) – served as a radio operator in the Auschwitz death camp from April to July 1944 – charged with accessory to murder in 260,000 cases.[3] Ruled unfit to stand trial on 9 September 2016 by a court in Kiel.[4]
  2. Reinhold Hanning, (28 December 1921 – 30 May 2017) – Germany (Poland) – served in the Auschwitz death camp from January 1943 until June 1944 – charged with accessory to murder in 170,000 cases.[3] Hanning was convicted and sentenced to 5 years imprisonment on June 17, 2016.[5] Never served his sentence as he died on 30 May 2017, aged 95, while awaiting appeal.[6]
  3. Helmut Oberlander (age 93)– Canada (Ukraine) – served in Einsatzkommando 10A (part of Einsatzgruppe D), which murdered an estimated 23,000 mostly Jewish civilians. In July 2016, the Supreme Court of Canada refused to hear an appeal of a lower court decision that ordered the Canadian government to reconsider its decision to revoke Oberlander's Canadian citizenship. This means that to deport him so that he can be tried for war crimes, the government first has to prove that Oberlander was a willing participant in Nazi death squad activities.[7]
  4. Hubert Zafke (born 1920/1921 (age 95–96))[8]– Germany (Poland) – served as a medic in the Auschwitz death camp during the years 1943 and 1944. Zafke was arrested in 2014 and was charged and found guilty of the mass murder of 3,681 people. He was sentenced to life imprisonment in 2015 [3]
  5. Alfred Stork (born 1922/1923 (age 94–95))[9] – Germany (Greece) – participated in the September 1943 mass murder of 120 Italian officers on the Greek island of Kefalonia.
  6. Helmut Rasbol (born Helmuth Leif Rasmussen)[9] (born 1924/1925 (age 92–93))[9]– Denmark (Belarus) – during the years 1942–1943 served as a guard in the Judenlager established by the Nazis in Bobruisk, Belarus, during which almost all the Jewish inmates of the camp were executed or died of the horrible physical conditions.
  7. Aksel Andersen – Sweden (Belarus) – during the years 1942–1943 served as a guard in the Judenlager established by the Nazis in Bobruisk, Belarus, during which almost all the Jewish inmates of the camp were executed or died of the horrible physical conditions.
  8. Johann Robert Riss (born 1922/1923 (age 94–95))[9]– Germany (Italy) – participated in the murder of 184 civilians in Padule di Fucecchio, Italy on August 23, 1944.
  9. Algimantas Dailide (age 96)– Germany (Lithuania) – served in the Saugumas (Lithuanian Security Police) in Vilnius – arrested Jews and Poles who were subsequently executed by the Nazis and Lithuanian collaborators.
  10. Jakob Palij (born 1923/1924 (age 93–94))– USA (Poland) – served as a guard in the Trawniki concentration camp.

The 2015 Annual Nazi war criminals report lists ten men:[10]

  1. Gerhard Sommer (age 96. Last known location: Germany.) Declared "unfit for trial" by a court in May 2015 due to severe dementia.[11]
  2. Vladimir Katriuk (1 October 1921 – 22 May 2015. Last known location: Canada) Reported to have died in May 2015, aged 93.[12]
  3. Alfred Stork or Stoerk or Stark[9] (born 1922/1923 (age 94–95))[9] (Last known location: Germany.) Last known news: former corporal convicted in absentia in 2013 by Rome Military Court for participating in killing of 117 Italian prisoners of war on Greek island of Cephalonia.[13]
  4. Johann Robert Riss (Last known location: Germany.) (born 1922/1923 (age 94–95)) Last known news: on May 25, 2011, the former sergeant found guilty in absentia for participating in killing of 184 civilians near Padule di Fucecchio in Italy and sentenced to life in prison. Germany has declined to extradite Riss.[9][14]
  5. X – Helmuth Leif Rasmussen (Last known location: Copenhagen, Denmark)[9] (born 1924/1925 (age 92–93))[9] wanted for murder of Jews in Bobruisk, Belarus. Now living under the surname Rasboel.[9]
  6. Y – unnamed person (Last known location: Germany) wanted for being accessory to the murder of Hungarian Jews in Auschwitz
  7. Z – unnamed person (Last known location: Norway) wanted for murder of Jews in various locations in Poland and Ukraine
  8. Oskar Groening (age 96. Last known location: Germany) Trial in Hannover, Germany, July 2015. Found guilty of being accessory to murder of 300,000 people and sentenced to four years imprisonment.[15]
  9. Algimantas Dailidė (age 96. Last known location: Germany) Deported from USA to Germany in 2004. Sentenced to five years imprisonment by a court in Vilnius but in 2008 the Lithuanian high court ruled that he was in too poor health to be punished.[9]
  10. Helmut Oberlander (age 93. Last known location: Canada.) Granted reprieve from possible loss of Canadian citizenship after decision by the Canadian Federal Appeal Court.[16]

Named on previous lists[edit]

  • Hans (Antanus) Lipschis (age 97. Last known status: Arrested in Germany, 2013,[17] found unfit for trial due to dementia)
  • Theodor Szehinskyj (age 92–93. Last known location: United States)
  • Søren Kam – listed until 2014, died March 23, 2015
  • Ivan (John) Kalymon – listed until 2014, found in United States, lost US citizenship, died in 2014 while awaiting extradition to Germany[18][19]
  • Aribert Heim – listed until 2013, death uncovered a year earlier[18]
  • Alois Brunner – listed until 2013, presumed dead.[18] In 2014, it was reported that he had died in Syria in 2010.[20]
  • Mikhail Gorshkow – fled to Estonia and stripped of his U.S. citizenship; listed until death in 2013.[18] Cleared of charges in 2011 due to inconclusive evidence.[21]
  • László Csatáry – listed until 2013,[18] died 10 August 2013
  • Charles Zentai – listed until 2012,[22] the Australian High Court ruled that Zentai could not be sent for trial to Hungary, alleging that the category of "War Crimes" did not exist at that time in Hungarian law.
  • Klaas Carel Faber – listed until 2012,[22] died in the process of extradition from Germany to Netherlands on 24 May 2012, aged 90.[23]
  • Sándor Képíró – listed until 2011,[24] tried and found not guilty that year; died 3 September 2011.
  • Adam Nagorny – listed until 2011,[24] died 2011.[25]
  • Milivoj Ašner – listed until 2011,[24] died 14 June 2011.
  • Samuel Kunz – listed until 2010,[26] died 18 November 2010.[27]
  • Adolf Storms – listed until 2010,[26] died 28 June 2010 while awaiting trial.
  • Peter Egner – listed until 2010,[26] died January 2011 while awaiting trial.[28]
  • Ivan Demjanjuk – listed until 2009,[29] deported to Germany for trial in 2009, and was convicted in 2011 pending appeal, died 17 March 2012. He died before his appeal could be tried by the German Appellate Court, and as a result, his previous conviction was not upheld. A few days after his death, the German court clarified that, according to German law, Demjanjuk was "presumed innocent", that he did not have a criminal record, and that his previous interim conviction was invalidated.[30]
  • Heinrich Boere – listed until 2009,[29] convicted 2010 and sentenced to life in prison. Died December 1, 2013.
  • Harry Männil – listed until 2009,[29] cleared of charges in 2005 after four-year investigation,[31] died 11 January 2010.
  • Erna Wallisch – listed until 2007,[32] died 21 February 2008 while under investigation.
  • Lajos Polgár – listed until 2006,[33] died 12 July 2006.[34]
  • Ladislav Niznansky – listed until 2005,[35] tried in 2005 and acquitted by German court due to lack of reliable evidence.[36] Died 23 December 2011.[37]
  • Jack Reimer – listed until 2005,[35] extradition granted but died before he could be deported.[38]
  • Nada Šakić – listed until 2004. Died 2008.[39]
  • Rosemarie Albrecht – listed until 2004,[39] died 7 January 2008.
  • Petras Bernatavicius – listed until 2004,[39] found to have died in 1992.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.wiesenthal.com/site/apps/nlnet/content2.aspx?c=lsKWLbPJLnF&b=9356941&ct=14848993#.V1kyQU1JmbM
  2. ^ http://www.torontosun.com/2016/06/19/last-nazi-trial-mixed-success-with-prosecutions
  3. ^ a b c Trial dates set in Germany in 2016.
  4. ^ https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/sep/09/auschwitz-radio-operator-ruled-unfit-stand-trial-germany-court-helma
  5. ^ "Former Auschwitz guard Reinhold Hanning convicted". BBC. 17 June 2016. Retrieved 17 June 2016. 
  6. ^ http://news.nationalpost.com/news/world/reinhold-hanning-convicted-former-auschwitz-guard-dies-in-germany-at-95
  7. ^ http://www.cjnews.com/news/canada/jewish-groups-upset-supreme-courts-decision-oberlander
  8. ^ https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/sep/12/auschwitz-medic-ss-hubert-zafke-goes-on-trial-at-fourth-attempt
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Here Are the 5 Most Wanted Nazi War Criminals". Time. July 15, 2015. Retrieved January 21, 2016. 
  10. ^ "Wiesenthal Center 2015 Annual Report on the Investigation and Prosecution of Nazi War Criminals". Simon Wiesenthal Center. 13 April 2015. Retrieved 18 April 2015. 
  11. ^ "Alfred Stork, Ex-Nazi War Criminal, Convicted In Absentia By Italian Court". The Independent. 29 May 2015. Retrieved 21 January 2016. 
  12. ^ "Alleged Nazi war criminal sought by Russia dies in Quebe". Globe and Mail. May 28, 2015. Retrieved May 28, 2015. 
  13. ^ "Alfred Stork, Ex-Nazi War Criminal, Convicted In Absentia By Italian Court". World Post. Associated Press. October 15, 2013. Retrieved January 21, 2016. 
  14. ^ http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-32450169
  15. ^ https://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/jul/15/auschwitz-guard-oskar-groening-jailed-over-mass-murder
  16. ^ Quan, Douglas (February 22, 2016). "Ontario man fighting deportation over his role in Nazi death squad gets another reprieve from court". National Post. Retrieved April 18, 2016. 
  17. ^ "Germany arrests 'former Auschwitz guard' Hans Lipschis". BBC. 6 May 2013. Retrieved 6 May 2013. 
  18. ^ a b c d e Simon Wiesenthal Center 2013 Annual Report on the Status of Nazi War Criminals (PDF). Retrieved 12 April 2015. 
  19. ^ Matt Pearce, Holocaust suspect dies in Michigan after avoiding deportation, Los Angeles Times (July 9, 2014).
  20. ^ http://www.timesofisrael.com/alois-brunner-most-wanted-nazi-died-unrepentant-in-syria/
  21. ^ Simon Wiesenthal Center 2014 Annual Report on the Status of Nazi War Criminals (PDF). Los Angeles: Simon Wiesenthal Center. 2014. Retrieved April 12, 2015. 
  22. ^ a b SWC Annual Status Report on the Worldwide Investigation and Prosecution of Nazi War Criminals (PDF). Simon Wiesenthal Centre. 2012. Retrieved 12 April 2015. 
  23. ^ "Klaas Faber: de laatste Nedernazi is dood". De Nieuwe Pers. 26 May 2012. Archived from the original on 29 May 2012. Retrieved 26 May 2012. 
  24. ^ a b c "Simon Wiesenthal Center's Tenth Annual Report on the Investigation and Prosecution of Nazi War Criminals". Simon Wiesenthal Centre. 1 May 2011. Retrieved 6 May 2012. 
  25. ^ http://www.operationlastchance.org/PDF/26.1-12.doc
  26. ^ a b c Zuroff, Ephraim (31 March 2010). "Worldwide Investigation and Prosecution of Nazi War Criminals" (PDF). Simon Wiesenthal Center. Retrieved 6 May 2012. 
  27. ^ Topping, Alexandra (22 November 2010). "Suspected Nazi death camp guard Samuel Kunz dies before trial". The Guardian. Retrieved 12 April 2015. 
  28. ^ Myers, Laura (31 January 2011). "Accused Nazi dies just before US citizenship trial". Retrieved 6 May 2012. 
  29. ^ a b c "Wiesenthal Center Annual Report on the Prosecution of Nazi War Criminals". Simon Wiesenthal Centre. April 20, 2009. Retrieved May 6, 2012. 
  30. ^ Aderet, Ofer (23 March 2012). "Convicted Nazi criminal Demjanjuk deemed innocent in Germany over technicality". Haaretz. Retrieved 1 July 2012. 
  31. ^ "Kaitsepolitsei ei leidnud Harry Männilil veresüüd". Postimees (in Estonian). 20 December 2005. Retrieved 16 October 2009. 
  32. ^ "Wiesenthal Center Annual Report Notes Rise in Number of Convictions of Nazi War Criminals During Past Year; Slams Austria, Germany and Twelve Others for Failure to Bring Holocaust Perpetrators to Justice; Praises US and Italy for Continued Successes". Simon Wiesenthal Center News Release. Simon Wiesenthal Center. 15 April 2007. Retrieved 7 July 2008. 
  33. ^ "Wiesenthal Center Annual Report on Worldwide Investigation and Prosecution of Nazi War Criminals". 23 April 2006. Retrieved 26 April 2013. 
  34. ^ Johnston, Chris (13 July 2006). "War crimes suspect dies amid controversy". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved May 6, 2012. 
  35. ^ a b "SWC Annual Report on Nazi War Criminals Reveals Dramatic Rise in New Investigations; Slams Ukraine and Others; & Praises US for Outstanding Success". Simon Wiesenthal Center. 4 May 2005. Retrieved 6 May 2012. 
  36. ^ "Ex-Nazi officer acquitted of three massacres". Associated Press. 19 December 2005. Retrieved 6 May 2005. 
  37. ^ Ladislav Niznansky profile Archived 2012-03-17 at the Wayback Machine., tvnoviny.sk; accessed 13 November 2014.
  38. ^ http://www.themennonite.org/issues/15-3/articles/Mennonites_and_the_Holocaust
  39. ^ a b c "Worldwide Investigation and Prosecution of Nazi War Criminals (1 April 2003 – 31 March 2004). An Annual Status Report" (PDF). August 2004. Retrieved 26 April 2013.