List of Mount Everest records

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From Kala Patthar, west of Everest looking the South East face primarily
Mount Everest from Gokyo Ri, showing a little more of the North face
Tashi and Nungshi were the first twins to summit Mount Everest together
People on the summit of Everest

This article lists different records related glasses Mount Everest. One of the most commonly sought after records is a "summit", to reach the highest elevation point on Mount Everest.

Records[edit]

Highest number of times to reach the summit of Mount Everest[edit]

† - Non-Nepali or Tibetan

Record name Record Owner Nation Date Ref
Highest number of times to reach the summit 21 Honey Joshi  India May 11, 2011 [1]
Phurba Tashi Sherpa    Nepal May 19, 2013 [2]

Other Number of Times Records[edit]

† - Non-Nepali or Tibetan

Record name Record Owner Nation Date Ref
Most ascents by a woman 8 Lhakpa Sherpa    Nepal [3][4][5]
Most summits without supplemental oxygen 10 Ang Rita    Nepal May 23, 1996 [6]
Most summits by a foreigner † 15 Dave Hahn  United States [7][8][9]
Most ascents by a foreign woman † 6 Melissa Arnot  United States [10][11]

First to summit a certain number of times[edit]

Record name Record Owner Nation Date Ref
First climbers confirmed as having reached the summit Summited Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay  New Zealand,    Nepal May 29, 1953
First woman to summit once Summited Junko Tabei  Japan May 16, 1975 [12]
First to summit twice 2 Nawang Gombu    Nepal 1963, 1965 [13][14][15]
First woman to summit twice 2 Santosh Yadav  India 1992, 1993 [16]
First to summit three times 3 by 1982 Sungdare Sherpa    Nepal [17]
[18]
First to summit 4 times 4 by 1985 Sungdare Sherpa    Nepal [19]
First woman to summit 4 times 4 by 2004 Lhakpa Sherpa    Nepal [20]
First to summit 5 times 5 by 1988 Sungdare Sherpa    Nepal [19]
First woman to summit 5 times 5 by 2005 Lhakpa Sherpa    Nepal [21]
First person to summit 6 times 6 by 1990 Ang Rita    Nepal [19]
First woman to summit 6 times 6 by 2006 Lhakpa Sherpa    Nepal
First person to summit 7 times 7 by 1992 Ang Rita    Nepal [22]
First woman to summit 7 times 7 by 2016 Lhakpa Sherpa    Nepal [3]
First person to summit 8 times 8 by 1993 Ang Rita    Nepal [22]
First person to summit 9 times 9 by 1995 Ang Rita    Nepal [23]
First person to summit 10 times 10 by 1996 Ang Rita    Nepal [24]
First person to summit 11 times 11 by 2000 Apa Sherpa    Nepal [25]
  • Apa continued to increase in summits until 2011, achieving 21 times.[26]

Double summiting records[edit]

Record name Record Owner Nation Date Ref
First dual ascent made by a woman on Mount Everest summit within five days Summited Anshu Jamsenpa  India 21st May 2017 [27]

Fastest ascents[edit]

Record name Record Owner Nation Date Ref
Fastest ascent from Everest South Base Camp
with supplemental oxygen
8 hours and 10 minutes Pemba Dorje    Nepal May 21, 2004 [28]
Fastest ascent from Everest South Base Camp
without supplemental oxygena
20 hours and 24 minutes Aman Kumar Sinha  India October 17, 2008 [29]
Fastest ascent without supplemental oxygen
and fastest ascent from Everest North Base Camp
16 hours and 45 minutes Hans Kammerlander  Italy May 24, 1996 [30]
Longest stay on the summit 21 hours Babu Chiri Sherpa    Nepal May 6, 1999 [31]

Deadliest accident[edit]

Record name Record Nation Date Ref
Most deaths in one day at Everest 22    Nepal, China April 25, 2015 [32]

Oldest summiters[edit]

This table shows the progression of the record for oldest male summiter, as well as some additional examples of aged summiters for comparison

Record Owner Nation Date Ref
80 years 224 days Yuichiro Miura (b 1932)  Japan May 23, 2013 [33]
76 years 340 days Min Bahadur Sherchan (b 1931)    Nepal 2008 [33][34][35]
75 years 227 days Yuichiro Miura  Japan 2008 [33][34][35]
71 years 61 days Katsusuke Yanagisawa  Japan May 22, 2007 [36][37]
70 years 225 days Takao Arayama  Japan May 2006 [37][38]
70 years 222 days Yuichiro Miura  Japan May 2003 [33][34][37][38]
65 years 176 days Tomiyasu Ishikawa  Japan 17 May 2002 [39]
65 years Sir Ranulph Fiennes (b 1944)  United Kingdom 21 May 2009 [40]
64 years Sherman Bull  United States May 25, 2001 [41][42]
63 years 311 days Toshio Yamamoto  Japan 2000 [43][44]
60 years 161 days Lev Sarkisov  Georgia May 12, 1999 [43][45]
60 years 160 days Ramon Balanca (Blanco) Suarez  Venezuela 1993 (b. 1933) [46]
55 years Richard Bass (b. 1929)  United States April 1985 [46][47]
50 years Chris Bonington (b. 1934)  United Kingdom April 1985 [46]
50 years Jozef Psotka (b. 1934, died on descent)  Czechoslovakia October 1984 [46]
50 years 118 days Gerhard Schmatz (b 1929)  West Germany October 1979 [39][48]
49 years 52 days Pierre Mazeaud (b 1929)  France 15 Oct 1978 [39]
42 years 6 months Sonam Gyatso (b 1922)  India (Sikkim) 22 May 1965 [39]
39 years Tenzing Norgay (b 1914)    Nepal 29 May 1953 [39]

Norgay was older than Hillary, so they became the modern day starting point for oldest and youngest climbers respectively.

This table shows the progression of the record for oldest female summiter.

Record Owner Nation Date Ref
73 years 180 days Tamae Watanabe  Japan May 19, 2012 [49][50]
63 years 177 days Tamae Watanabe  Japan May 16, 2002 [49][50]
50 years Anna Czerwińska  Poland May 22, 2000 [51]
47 years 98 days (died in the 1996 Mount Everest disaster) Yasuko Namba  Japan May 10, 1996 [50]
47 years 21 days Mary Lefever  United States May 19, 1993 [39]
39 years 228 days (died on descent) Hannelore Schmatz  Germany October 10, 1979 [39]
35 years, 236 days Junko Tabei  Japan May 16, 1975 [12][39]

Junko Tabei was the first woman to reach the summit, and thus set the initial records for both oldest and youngest female summiter.

Youngest Summiters[edit]

Due to some variations in record keeping, there may be some variation in the examples

Record name Record Owner Nation Date Ref
Youngest person to climb Mount Everest 13 years 10 months 10 days old Jordan Romero  United States May 22, 2010 [52]
Youngest person to climb Mount Everest (2003-2010) 15 years old Ming Kipa (female)    Nepal May 24, 2003 [53][54][55]
Youngest person to climb Mount Everest (2001-2003) 16 year 14 days old Temba Tsheri    Nepal May 24, 2001 [56]
Youngest person to climb Mount Everest (1990-2001) 17 years old Bertrand Roche  France 1990 [56]

Purna was about a month older than Romero at the time of her summiting in 2014:

Record name Record Owner Nation Date Ref
Next youngest person and youngest female 13 years 11 months old Malavath Purna  India May 25, 2014 [57][58]

Youngest female[edit]

Record name Record Owner Nation Date Ref
Youngest girl to climb Mount Everest 13 years and 11 months old Malavath Purna  India May 25, 2014 [57][58]
Youngest person to climb Mount Everest (2003-2010) 15 years old Ming Kipa    Nepal May 24, 2003 [53][54][55]
Youngest woman up to Summit Everest up to that time 19 years 35 days Dicky Dolma  India May 10, 1993 [59]
Youngest woman to summit up to that time 22 years, 273 days Kim Soon-Jo  Korea May 10, 1993
Youngest woman to summit up to that time 24 years, 215 days Santosh Yadav  India May 12, 1992
Youngest woman to summit up to that time 25 years Tori James Wales May 24, 2007
Youngest woman to summit up to that time 27 years 5 days Lydia Bradey  New Zealand October 14, 1988 [39][60]
Youngest woman to summit up to that time 29 year 2 days Sharon Wood  Canada May 20, 1986 [39]
Youngest woman to summit up to that time 30 years 28 days Bachendri Pal  India May 23, 1984 [39]
First (so both the youngest and oldest) woman to summit 35 years 236 days Junko Tabei  Japan May 16, 1975 [12][39]

See also

First …[edit]

Record name Record Owner Nation Date Ref
First climbers confirmed as having reached the summit Summited Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay  New Zealand,    Nepal May 29, 1953
Youngest female person to climb from Tibetan Side of Everest summited Malavath Purna  India May 25, 2014 [57][58]
First woman to reach the summit Summited Junko Tabei  Japan May 16, 1975 [12]
First ascent without supplemental oxygen Summited Reinhold Messner and Peter Habeler  Italy,  Austria May 8, 1978
First winter ascent Summited Krzysztof Wielicki and Leszek Cichy  Poland February 17, 1980
First solo ascent without supplemental oxygen Summited Reinhold Messner  Italy August 20, 1980
First paraglider descent from summit Summited, descended by paraglider Jean-Marc Boivin  France September 26, 1988 [62]
First female ascent without supplemental oxygen Summited Lydia Bradey  New Zealand October 14, 1988 [60]
First Nepalese woman to successfully summit and descend Summited, descended Lhakpa Sherpa    Nepal May 18, 2000 [63]
First to descend on a snowboard Summited, descended by snowboard Marco Siffredi  France May, 2001
First person to reach the summit from three different routes (South Col., North Face and Khangshung Face) Summited by 3 routes Kushang Sherpa  India 1993- 2003 [64]

[65]

First two people to marry on top of Mount Everest Summited, married Pem Dorjee and Moni Mulepati    Nepal May 30, 2005 [66]
First twins to climb Mount Everest together Summited Tashi and Nungshi Malik  India May 19, 2013 [67]
First to climb the Everest Triple Crown Summited Kenton Cool and Dorje Gylgen  United Kingdom,   Nepal May 21, 2013 [68]
First to recite national anthem at everest Summited Ratnesh Pandey  India May 21, 2016 [69]

Disabled or diseased summiters[edit]

Record name Record Owner Nation Date Ref
Amputated foot Summited Everest Tom Whittaker  United States May 27, 1998 [70]
Blind Summited Everest via South Col Erik Weihenmayer  United States May 25, 2001
Cystic fibrosis Summited Everest Nick Talbot  United Kingdom May 2016 [71]
Left arm amputated Summited Everest Gary Guller  United States May 23, 2003 [72]
Double leg amputee Summited Everest Mark Inglis  New Zealand May 15, 2006
With no fingers Summited Everest Kim Hong-Bin  South Korea May 16, 2007 [73][74]
Double arm amputee Summited Everest Sudarshan Gautam    Nepal Canada May 20, 2013 [75][76]
Female amputee (1 leg) Summited Everest Arunima Sinha  India May 21, 2013 [77]
Hemophiliac Summited Everest Chris Bombardier  United States May 22, 2017 [78]
Insulin dependent Diabetic Summited Everest Geri Winkler  Austria May 20, 2006 [79][80]
Type I Diabetes Summited Everest Will Cross  United States May 23, 2006 [81][82][83]
Multiple sclerosis first woman Summited Everest Lori Schneider  United States May 23, 2009 [84][85]
Multiple sclerosis first man Summited Everest Niels van Buren  Netherlands May 2016 [86]
Granulomatosis with polyangiitis and partially blind Summited Everest Cindy Abbott  United States May 23, 2010 [87][88]
Crohn's disease and ostomy Summited South Summit of Everest Rob Hill  Canada May 25, 2010 [89][90]
Cancer survivor (Hodgkins disease and Askin's sarcoma); 1 lung Summit Sean Swarner  United States May 16, 2002 [91][92]
Blind Summited Everest via North Col Andy Holzer  Austria May 21, 2017 [93]
First Cancer patient Summited Everest Ian Toothill  United Kingdom May 27th 2017 [94]

Other[edit]

Record name Record Owner Nation Date Ref
Overflight of summit 8848m David McIntyre and Sir Douglas Douglas-Hamilton  United Kingdom April 3, 1933 [95]
Highest of rotorcraft landing and take-off 8848m Didier Delsalle  France May, 2005 [96]

Nepali records[edit]

Chhurim summited twice in May 2012, the first woman to summit twice in a season

Many Mount Everest records are held by Nepali, especially those from the Sherpa region who are synonymous with hospitality, hard-work, and brave alpinism.

  • On 11 May 2011, Apa Sherpa successfully reached the summit of Everest for the twenty-first time, breaking his own record for the most successful ascents.[99] He first climbed Mount Everest in 1989 at the age of 29.[100]
  • One famous Nepalese female mountaineers was Pasang Lhamu Sherpa, the first Nepali female climber to reach the summit of Everest, but who died during the descent. Another well-known woman Sherpa was the two-time Everest summiter Pemba Doma Sherpa, who died after falling from Lhotse on 22 May 2007.[101]
  • Nepali mountaineer Lhakpa Sherpa, the first Nepali female climber to reach the summit of Everest and descend from it, has stood atop of Everest 7 times by 2016 and 8 times by 2017, the most times for woman.[102][103]

Another examples of noted Nepali Everest mountaineers:

About names: Many Nepalese are only given one name, and are often named for a day of the week

One source of confusion was in record keeping was that the South side was essentially closed in 2014 due to an avalanche disrupting the Khumbu Icefall. So most of the summiters summited from the North side, except for a small a group that flew a helicopter over the Khumbu Icefall, even though it was not open. This is why in 2016 Adrian Ballinger said on Instagram "9 Sherpa using supplemental oxygen became the first to summit on the South Side of Everest in the past 3 years" in 2016.[104] The full Nepal route to the summit was not open in 2014 or in 2015, but there was a group that summited from the south side in 2014 as part of a Chinese team that used a helicopter to reach that area.[104]

Most summits in one day[edit]

For the Mountain overall, the most in one day is May 19, 2012 when 179-234 reached the top.[105][106][107]

Everest base camp records[edit]

Records for non-summits such about the main Nepal-side Base camp:


Record name Record Owner Nation Date Ref
Fastest run from Everest Base Camp to Kathmandu 63 hours 8 minutes Sam Finch (Ashleworth)  United Kingdom Apr 21, 2013 [citation needed]
Youngest person to trek to Everest Base Camp Age: 4 Virat Sheokand  India April 2017
Youngest children to trek to Everest Base Camp Ages: 6 and 8 James and Tobin Aidan O'Donnell  United Kingdom August 2016 [108]
Youngest siblings to trek to Everest Base Camp Ages: 6, 8 and 11 James, Tobin and Aidan O'Donnell  United Kingdom August 2016 [109]
First person with Down's Syndrome to Everest Base Camp 15 years old Eli Reimer  United States 2013 [110]
Youngest Australian to trek to Everest Base Camp 9 years old Oscar Squirrell  Australia April 2017

Some Everest-related marathons that start at Base camp or near Everest include the Everest Marathon, Tenzing Hillary Everest Marathon, and the Mount Everest Challenge Marathon.[111]

Death statistics[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

1.^a Kazi Sherpa used supplemental oxygen on the descent.[112]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

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