List of Muslim Nobel laureates
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The Nobel Prize (Swedish pronunciation: [noˈbɛl], Swedish definite form, singular: Nobelpriset, Norwegian: Nobelprisen) is a set of annual international awards bestowed in a number of categories by Scandinavian committees in recognition of cultural and scientific advances. The will of the Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel established the prizes in 1895. Nobel Prizes have been awarded to over 800 individuals, of whom 12 have been Muslim.
The prizes in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, and Peace were first awarded in 1901. An associated prize in Economics has been awarded since 1969. The Peace Prize is awarded in Oslo, Norway, while the other prizes are awarded in Stockholm, Sweden. The Nobel Prize is widely regarded as the most prestigious award available in the fields of literature, medicine, physics, chemistry, peace and economics.
Muslims make up over 23% of the world's population. And as of 2015, twelve Nobel Prize winners have been Muslims. More than half of the twelve Muslim Nobel laureates were awarded the prize in the 21st century. Seven of the twelve winners have been awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, including a controversial award to Yasser Arafat. The recipient of the 1979 Nobel Prize in Physics, Abdus Salam, was a member of the Ahmadiyya community of Pakistan. Aziz Sancar is the second Turkish Nobel laureate and the first Muslim to be awarded Nobel prize in the field of molecular biology in 2015.
|Year||image||Laureate||Country and profession||Rationale||comment|
|1978||Anwar al-Sadat (25 December 1918 – 6 October 1981)||Egyptian President||He, along with Menachem Begin was awarded 1978 Nobel Peace Prize "for their contribution to the two frame agreements on peace in the Middle East, and on peace between Egypt and Israel, which were signed at Camp David on September 17, 1978".||The first Muslim to receive a Nobel Prize.|
|1994||Yasser Arafat (24 August 1929 – 11 November 2004)||Palestinian politician||The 1994 Nobel Peace Prize was awarded jointly to Arafat, Shimon Peres and Yitzhak Rabin "for their efforts to create peace in the Middle East".||The first Muslim Palestinian to receive a Nobel Prize.|
|2003||Shirin Ebadi (born 21 June 1947)||Iranian Human Rights Activist||The 2003 Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to Ebadi "for her efforts for democracy and human rights. She has focused especially on the struggle for the rights of women and children".||The first and only Iranian to receive a Nobel Prize. She was also the first Muslim woman to receive such an honor. Note that Doris Lessing born and raised for 5 years in modern day Iran is a fellow laureate.|
|2005||Mohamed El Baradei (born June 17, 1942)||Egyptian policymaker||The 2005 Nobel Peace Prize was jointly awarded to El Baradei and IAEA "for their efforts to prevent nuclear energy from being used for military purposes and to ensure that nuclear energy for peaceful purposes is used in the safest possible way".||He was the second Egyptian to be awarded Nobel Peace Prize (2005).|
|2006||Muhammad Yunus (born 28 June 1940)||Bangladeshi economist and founder of Grameen Bank.||The 2006 Nobel Peace Prize was jointly awarded to Yunus and Grameen Bank "for their efforts to create economic and social development from below".||The first Bangladeshi and Bengali Muslim Nobel laureate, and overall, the third person from Bengal to win a Nobel prize.|
|2011||Tawakel Karman (born 7 February 1979)||Human rights activist based in Yemen. A prominent leader in the Arab Spring.||The 2011 Nobel Peace Prize was jointly given to Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Leymah Gbowee and Karman "for their non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women's rights to full participation in peace-building work".||The first Arab woman and first and only Yemeni to receive a Nobel Prize.|
|2014||Malala Yousafzai (born 12 July 1997)||Pakistani activist, working for rights to education for children in Pakistan.||The 2014 Nobel Peace Prize was jointly given to Kailash Satyarthi and Yousafzai, "for their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education".||At the age of 17, Yousafzai is the youngest Nobel Prize recipient ever. She is also the second Pakistani and first ethnic Pashtun to be awarded a Nobel Prize.|
|2015||Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet||Tunisia||"for its decisive contribution to the building of a pluralistic democracy in Tunisia in the wake of the Jasmine Revolution of 2011"||First Tunisian Nobel Prize.|
|Year||image||Laureate||Country and profession||Rationale||comment|
(11 December 1911 – 30 August 2006)
|Egyptian author, noted for his contribution to modern Arabic literature||The 1988 Nobel Prize in Literature was given to Naguib Mahfouz "who, through works rich in nuance—now clear-sightedly realistic, now evocatively ambiguous—has formed an Arabian narrative art that applies to all mankind".||The first Muslim author to receive such a prize.|
|2006||Orhan Pamuk (born 7 June 1952)||Turkish author famous for his novels My Name Is Red and Snow||The 2006 Nobel Prize in Literature was awarded to Orhan Pamuk "who in the quest for the melancholic soul of his native city has discovered new symbols for the clash and interlacing of cultures".||The first Turk to receive the Nobel Prize, He describes himself as a Cultural Muslim who associates the historical and cultural identification with the religion while not believing in a personal connection to God.|
|Year||image||Laureate||Country and profession||Rationale||comment|
|1979||Mohammad Abdus Salam
(29 January 1926 – 21 November 1996)
|Pakistani physicist||The 1979 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded jointly to Sheldon Lee Glashow, Salam, and Steven Weinberg "for their contributions to the theory of the unified weak and electromagnetic interaction between elementary particles, including, inter alia, the prediction of the weak neutral current".||He is the first Pakistani to receive the award. He is also the first and only Pakistani scientist to be awarded the Nobel Prize. He was a member of the world wide Ahmadiyya Muslim community, which the government of Pakistan declared to be non-Muslim in Pakistan in a 1974 constitutional amendment.|
|Year||image||Laureate||Country and profession||Rationale||comment|
(born February 26, 1946)
|Egyptian-American scientist||The 1999 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Ahmed Zewail "for his studies of the transition states of chemical reactions using femtosecond spectroscopy".||He is the first Muslim chemist to be awarded the Nobel Prize and the second Muslim scientist.|
(born September 8, 1946)
|Turkish scientist||The 2015 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Aziz Sancar "for mechanistic studies of DNA repair"||He is the first Turkish chemist, and the second Turkish to date to be awarded the Nobel Prize and the third Muslim scientist.[dubious ]|
- Mysticism in Contemporary Islamic Political Thought:Orhan Pamuk and Abdolkarim Soroush by John von Heyking,University of Lethbridge
- Islam, Melancholy, and Sad, Concrete Minarets: The Futility of Narratives In Orhan Pamuk's" The Black Book by Ian Almond
- The Age of Deception: Nuclear Diplomacy in Treacherous Times by Mohamed El Baradei.
- Islam, Orientalism and Intellectual History: Modernity and the Politics of Exclusion since Ibn Khaldun (Library of Middle East History) by Mohammad R. Salama ISBN 1848850050 and ISBN 1848850050.
- Orhan Pamuk and the Politics of Turkish Identity: From Islam to Istanbul by Erdag Goknar, ISBN 0415505380, ISBN 978-0415505383, Routledge Publication.
- Cosmic Anger: Abdus Salam - The First Muslim Nobel Scientist. by Gordon Fraser ,ISBN 0199697124 & ISBN 978-0199697120.
- Yasser Arafat (Biography (Lerner Hardcover)) by George Headlam-ISBN 0822550040 & ISBN 978-0822550044.
- Anwar Sadat: Visionary Who Dared by Joseph Finklestone.
- Iran Awakening: One Woman's Journey to Reclaim Her Life and Country (2007) by Shirin Ebadi (ISBN 9780676978025).
- Ahmed Zewail Autobiography.
- Banker to the Poor: The Autobiography of Muhammad Yunus, Founder of Grameen Bank. ISBN 0195795377 & ISBN 978-0195795370.
- Sadat, Anwar (1978). In Search of Identity: An Autobiography. New York: Harper & Row. ISBN 978-0060137427.
- List of Nobel Peace Laureates
- List of black Nobel Laureates
- List of Jewish Nobel laureates
- List of Christian Nobel laureates
- List of Muslim scientists
- Lists of Muslims
- Lists of people by belief
- List of Nobel laureates by country
- List of Nobel laureates
- List of female Nobel laureates
- Lists of People
- List of Hindu Nobel laureates
The year of receiving Nobel Prize is given after each Nobel Laureate in this article. For verification of candidacy of above listed Nobel Laureates, please go to nobelprize.org, and search the corresponding year of reception of Nobel Prize in the respective field.
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