List of Muslim Nobel laureates

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Distribution of Muslims in Nobel Prizes 1901–2015: 12 laureates have been Muslims, 1.4% of all Nobel prizes. Percentages are rounded.

As of 2021, thirteen Nobel Prize laureates have been Muslims, more than half in the 21st century. Seven of the thirteen laureates have been awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, while three have been for the sciences. The recipient of the 1979 Nobel Prize in Physics, Abdus Salam, was a member of the Ahmadi community of Pakistan. Aziz Sancar is the second Turkish Nobel laureate and was awarded the Nobel prize in Chemistry in the field of molecular biology in 2015.[1]

Chemistry[edit]

Two Muslims have been awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.

Year image Laureate Country and profession Rationale comment
1999 Ahmed Zewail (2010).jpg Ahmed Zewail

(1946–2016)[2]

EgyptUnited States Egyptian-American scientist The 1999 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Ahmed Zewail "for his studies of the transition states of chemical reactions using femtosecond spectroscopy".[3] He is the first Muslim chemist to be awarded the Nobel Prize and the second Muslim scientist.[4][5][6][7][8]
2015 Aziz Sancar 0060.jpg Aziz Sancar

(b. 1946)

TurkeyUnited States Turkish-American scientist The 2015 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Aziz Sancar "for mechanistic studies of DNA repair"[9] He is the first Turkish chemist, and the second Turkish to date to be awarded the Nobel Prize and the third Muslim scientist.[dubious ][10][11]

Literature[edit]

Three Muslims have been awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature.

Year image Laureate Country and profession Rationale comment
1988 Necip Mahfuz.jpg Naguib Mahfouz

(1911–2006)

Egypt Egyptian author, noted for his contribution to modern Arabic literature The 1988 Nobel Prize in Literature was given to Naguib Mahfouz "who, through works rich in nuance—now clear-sightedly realistic, now evocatively ambiguous—has formed an Arabian narrative art that applies to all mankind".[12][13] The first Muslim author to receive such a prize.[4][14][15]
2006 Pamuk.jpg Orhan Pamuk (b. 1952) Turkey Turkish-Circassian author famous for his novels My Name Is Red and Snow The 2006 Nobel Prize in Literature was awarded to Orhan Pamuk "who in the quest for the melancholic soul of his native city has discovered new symbols for the clash and interlacing of cultures".[16][17] The first Turk and Circassian to receive the Nobel Prize, He describes himself as a Cultural Muslim who associates the historical and cultural identification with the religion while not believing in a personal connection to God.[4][18][19][20]
2021 AbulrazakGurnahHebronPanel (cropped).jpg Abdulrazak Gurnah

(born 20 December 1948)

Tanzania Tanzanian author, noted for his contribution to modern African literature Gurnah was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 2021 "for his uncompromising and compassionate penetration of the effects of colonialism and the fates of the refugee in the gulf between cultures and continents".[21] "Muslim Writer"[22]

Peace[edit]

Seven Muslims have been awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

Year image Laureate Country and profession Rationale comment
1978 Anwar Sadat cropped.jpg Anwar al-Sadat (1918–1981) Egypt Egyptian President He, along with Menachem Begin was awarded 1978 Nobel Peace Prize "for their contribution to the two frame agreements on peace in the Middle East, and on peace between Egypt and Israel, which were signed at Washington on September 17, 1978".[23] The first Muslim to receive a Nobel Prize.[4][24][25][26][27][28][29]
1994 ArafatEconomicForum.jpg Yasser Arafat (1929–2004) State of Palestine Palestinian politician The 1994 Nobel Peace Prize was awarded jointly to Arafat, Shimon Peres and Yitzhak Rabin "for their efforts to create peace in the Middle East".[30][31] The only Muslim Palestinian to receive a Nobel Prize.[4][32][33][34][35][36]
2003 Shirinebadi001.jpg Shirin Ebadi (b. 1947) Iran Iranian Human Rights Activist The 2003 Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to Ebadi "for her efforts for democracy and human rights. She has focused especially on the struggle for the rights of women and children".[37] The only Iranian to receive a Nobel Prize. She was also the first Muslim woman to receive such an honor.[4][38][39][40][41] Note that Doris Lessing born and raised for 5 years in modern day Iran is a fellow laureate.
2005 Mohamed ElBaradei, Davos 1.jpg Mohamed El Baradei (b. 1942) Egypt Egyptian diplomat The 2005 Nobel Peace Prize was jointly awarded to El Baradei and IAEA "for their efforts to prevent nuclear energy from being used for military purposes and to ensure that nuclear energy for peaceful purposes is used in the safest possible way".[42][43] He was the second Egyptian to be awarded Nobel Peace Prize (2005).[4][44][45][46][47]
2006 Muhammad Yunus - World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2012.jpg Muhammad Yunus (b. 1940) Bangladesh Bangladeshi economist and founder of Grameen Bank. The 2006 Nobel Peace Prize was jointly awarded to Yunus and Grameen Bank "for their efforts to create economic and social development from below".[48] The first Bangladeshi and Bengali Muslim Nobel laureate, and overall, the fourth Bengali person to win a Nobel prize.[4][49][50][51][52][53][54]
2011 Tawakkol Karman.jpg Tawakel Karman (b. 1979) Yemen Human rights activist based in Yemen. A prominent leader in the Arab Spring. The 2011 Nobel Peace Prize was jointly given to Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Leymah Gbowee and Karman "for their non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women's rights to full participation in peace-building work".[55] The first Arab woman and only Yemeni to receive a Nobel Prize.[56][57][58][59][60]
2014 Malala Yousafzai at Girl Summit 2014.jpg Malala Yousafzai (b. 1997) Pakistan Pakistani peace activist. At the age of 17, Yousafzai is the youngest Nobel Prize recipient ever.[61] She is also the second Pakistani and first ethnic Pashtun to be awarded a Nobel Prize.[62] Malala Yousafzai: ‘I’m a feminist and a Muslim’ [63]

Physics[edit]

One Muslim has been awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics.

Year image Laureate Country and profession Rationale comment
1979 Abdus Salam 1987.jpg Mohammad Abdus Salam

(1926–1996)

Pakistan Pakistani physicist The 1979 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded jointly to Sheldon Glashow, Salam, and Steven Weinberg "for their contributions to the theory of the unified weak and electromagnetic interaction between elementary particles, including, inter alia, the prediction of the weak neutral current".[64] He is the only Pakistani scientist to be awarded the Nobel Prize.[65][66] He was a member of the world wide Ahmadiyya Muslim community and as such not considered a Muslim by the government of Pakistan.[67] In 1974, the Pakistan parliament made the Second Amendment to the Constitution of Pakistan that declared Ahmadi to be non-Muslim. In protest, Salam left Pakistan for London.

By Country[edit]

Rank Country Number of Wins
1 Egypt Egypt 4
2 Pakistan Pakistan 2
3 Turkey Turkey 2
4 Iran Iran 1
= Bangladesh Bangladesh 1
= Yemen Yemen 1
= State of Palestine Palestine 1
= Tanzania Tanzania 1

Further reading[edit]

Articles[edit]

Books[edit]

  • The Age of Deception: Nuclear Diplomacy in Treacherous Times by Mohamed El Baradei.[70]
  • Islam, Orientalism and Intellectual History: Modernity and the Politics of Exclusion since Ibn Khaldun (Library of Middle East History) by Mohammad R. Salama ISBN 1848850050, 1848850050.[71]
  • Orhan Pamuk and the Politics of Turkish Identity: From Islam to Istanbul by Erdag Goknar, ISBN 0415505380, 978-0415505383, Routledge Publication.[72]

Biography[edit]

Autobiography[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

The year of receiving Nobel Prize is given after each Nobel Laureate in this article. For verification of candidacy of above listed Nobel Laureates, please go to nobelprize.org,[79] and search the corresponding year of reception of Nobel Prize in the respective field.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2015".
  2. ^ "Egyptian Chemist Zewail, Noble Prize-Winner, Dies at 70". The New York Times. Associated Press. 2 August 2016. Retrieved 9 August 2016.
  3. ^ https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1999/ "The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1999", Nobel Foundation, retrieved March 24, 2012.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-01-06. Retrieved 2012-03-18.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "Muslim Nobel Prize Winners", 'Islamic History Month Canada' accessed March 24, 2012
  5. ^ http://plancksconstant.org/blog1/2008/05/muslim_nobel_prize_winner_ahmed_hassan_zewail.html Muslim "Nobel Prize Winner Ahmed Hassan Zewail" by Bernie, 'Planck's constant', accessed March 24, 2012.
  6. ^ http://www.zewail.caltech.edu/ Archived 2018-06-18 at the Wayback Machine Ahmed Zewail's caltech site.
  7. ^ http://www.fountainmagazine.com/Issue/detail/Science-in-the-Islamic-world-an-interview-with-Nobel-Laureate-Ahmed-Zewail Archived 2013-08-10 at the Wayback Machine Science in the Islamic world: an interview with Nobel Laureate Ahmed Zewail, The Fountain Magazine, Issue 67, January–February 2009, retrieved March 21, 2012.
  8. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20080507014029/http://www.independent.co.uk/opinion/commentators/ahmed-zewail-the-west-and-islam-need-not-be-in-conflict-421354.html "The West and Islam need not be in conflict" by 'Ahmed Zewail', The Independent, October 24, 2006, retrieved April 11, 2012.
    "The author is the only Arab Muslim to receive the Nobel Prize in science, 1999"
  9. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2015". Nobelprize.org.
  10. ^ Aziz Sancar won 2015 Nobel prize
  11. ^ http://www.onislam.net/english/health-and-science/news/494835-another-muslim-chemist-wins-nobel-prize.html
  12. ^ https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1988/ "The Nobel Prize in Literature 1988", Nobel Foundation, retrieved March 24, 2012.
  13. ^ https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1988/mahfouz-lecture.html 'Nobel Lecture by Naguib Mahfouz', Nobel Foundation, retrieved April 5, 2012.
  14. ^ http://i-epistemology.net/literature/790-naguib-mahfouzs-socialistic-sufism-an-intellectual-journey-from-the-wafd-to-islamic-mysticism.html Archived 2012-06-09 at the Wayback Machine "Naguib Mahfouz's Socialistic Sufism: An Intellectual Journey from the Wafd to Islamic Mysticism", Yagi, Kumiko, Ph.D. Harvard University, 2001. 235 pages. Adviser: Graham, William A. Publication Number: AAT 3028463, accessed March 24, 2012.
  15. ^ https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1988/mahfouz-article.html "Naguib Mahfouz – The Son of Two Civilizations" by 'Anders Hallengren', article on Naguib Mahfouz, Nobel Foundation, retrieved March 24, 2012.
  16. ^ https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/2006/ "The Nobel Prize in Literature 2006", Nobel Foundation, retrieved March 24, 2012.
  17. ^ https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/2006/pamuk.html 'Orhan Pamuk-Autobiography', Nobel Foundation, retrieved April 5, 2012.
  18. ^ http://www.levantinecenter.org/arts/authors/orhan-pamuk-nobel-laureate-conversation-reza-aslan "Orhan Pamuk, Nobel Laureate, in Conversation with Reza Aslan", Levantine Cultural Center, posted October 16, 2009, accessed March 21, 2012.
  19. ^ http://en.islamtoday.net/artshow-236-3999.htm Archived 2016-06-17 at the Wayback Machine "Orhan Pamuk: Incompatibility of Islam and Democracy Has Been Disproven", 'Islam Today', dated March 30, 2011, retrieved April 5, 2012.
  20. ^ http://www.spiegel.de/international/spiegel/0,1518,380858,00.html "Do you consider yourself a Muslim?",
    "Orhan Pamuk and the Turkish Paradox", Spiegel Online, dated December 21, 2005, retrieved March 21, 2012.
  21. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Literature 2021".
  22. ^ https://www.palgrave.com/gp/book/9780230252332 British Muslim Fictions, Interviews with Contemporary Writers by C. Chambers.
  23. ^ https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1978/press.html "The Nobel Peace Prize 1978", Nobel Foundation, retrieved March 24, 2012.
  24. ^ http://www.answers.com/topic/anwar-al-sadat 'Answer.com' article on Anwar al-Sadat, retrieved March 24, 2012.
  25. ^ https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1978/al-sadat-lecture.html 'Nobel Lecture, December 10, 1978' by Anwar Sadat, Nobel Foundation, retrieved April 5, 2012.
  26. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-01-19. Retrieved 2012-04-07.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)"The Islamization Of Egypt" by Adel Guindy, retrieved April 7, 2012.
  27. ^ http://copticliterature.wordpress.com/2012/03/30/anwar-al-sadat-the-first-islamist-ruler-in-egypts-modern-history/ "Anwar Al-Sadat, The First Islamist Ruler In Egypt's Modern History", Coptic Nationalism, posted March 30, 2012, retrieved April 7, 2012.
  28. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20041013103208/http://www.nndb.com/people/954/000024882/ Anwar Sadat', NNDB, retrieved April 7, 2012.'Muslim'
  29. ^ http://www.myhero.com/go/hero.asp?hero=A_Sadat_cac_EG_2009 Peacemaker hero Anwar al-Sadat by Youssef, 'The My Hero Project', accessed March 21, 2012.
  30. ^ https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1994/arafat.html 'Yasser Arafat-Biography', Nobel Foundation, retrieved April 5, 20122.
  31. ^ https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1994/ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1994", Nobel Foundation, retrieved March 24, 2012.
  32. ^ "Yasser Arafat – Biographical". nobelprize.org.
  33. ^ https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1994/arafat-lecture.html "Yasser Arafat-Nobel Lecture", Nobel Foundation, retrieved April 5, 2012.
  34. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-07-21. Retrieved 2012-04-04.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)'The Muslim Arafat', retrieved April 5, 2012.
  35. ^ http://www.nndb.com/people/403/000022337/ 'Yasser Arafat', NNDB, retrieved April 7, 2012.'Muslim'
  36. ^ http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/biography/arafat.html Jewish Virtual Library, accessed March 24, 2012.
  37. ^ https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2003/ "The Nobel Peace Prize 2003", Nobel Foundation, retrieved March 24, 2012.
  38. ^ http://www.connect2mason.com/content/nobel-peace-prize-winner-promotes-her-new-book-golden-cage "Nobel Peace Prize winner promotes her new book The Golden Cage", by Jasmine Gould, 'Connect2Mason', dated April 26, 2011, retrieved April 4, 2012.
  39. ^ http://nobelwomensinitiative.org/meet-the-laureates/shirin-ebadi/ "Shirin Ebadi – Iran 2003", 'Meet the Laureates', Nobel Women's Initiative, accessed April 4, 2012.
  40. ^ https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2003/ebadi-lecture-e.html "In the name of the God of Creation and Wisdom", Nobel Lecture by Shirin Ebadi, Oslo, December 10, 2003, Nobel Foundation, retrieved April 4, 2012.
  41. ^ http://www.womeninworldhistory.com/imow-Ebadi.pdf "Shirin Ebadi: A Conscious Muslim" by Diana Hayworth, accessed March 24, 2012.
  42. ^ https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2005/ "The Nobel Peace Prize 2005", Nobel Foundation, retrieved March 24, 2012.
  43. ^ https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2005/elbaradei.html "Mohamed El-Baradei-Biography", Nobel Foundation, retrieved April 5, 2012.
  44. ^ https://www.nbcnews.com/id/34209078 "Outgoing IAEA chief leaves complex legacy", Jahn, George (30 November 2009), Associated Press, accessed 5 February 2011 on News.msn.com/ NBC News.
  45. ^ http://www.nndb.com/people/288/000023219/ "NNDB article on Mohamed El Baradei", retrieved March 24, 2012.'Muslim'.
  46. ^ http://www.irfi.org/articles/articles_401_450/muslim_contribution_to_world_pea.htm "Muslim Contribution to World Peace" by Minhaj Qidwai, accessed March 21, 2012.
  47. ^ https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2005/elbaradei-lecture-en.html 'Nobel Lecture by Mohamed El-Baradei, Oslo, December 10, 2005.', Nobel Foundation, retrieved April 5, 2012.
  48. ^ https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2006/ "The Nobel Peace Prize 2006", Nobel Foundation, retrieved March 24, 2012.
  49. ^ http://dawn.com/2011/04/06/yunus-martyred-bangladesh-marred/ "Yunus martyred, Bangladesh marred" by 'Misha Hussain', Dawn.com, April 6, 2011, retrieved April 7, 2012.
  50. ^ http://www.inspiringislam.net/2011/03/muhammad-yunus-ways.html Archived 2014-08-09 at the Wayback Machine "Muhammad Yunus Ways", 'Islamic Inspiration', published March 27, 2011, retrieved March 24, 2012.
  51. ^ http://www.rohama.org/en/content/116 'Muhammad Yunus (1940– )', The Union of Islamic World Students, retrieved April 5, 2012.
  52. ^ http://www.nndb.com/people/183/000049036/ 'Muhammad Yunus', NNDB, retrieved April 5, 2012.
  53. ^ "Microcredit pioneer wins Nobel Peace Prize – and puts Episcopalian – and Anglican combatants to shame" ,The Questioning Christian, dated October 13, 2006, retrieved April 5, 2012.
  54. ^ http://www.bankersacademy.com/pdf/microfinance_and_islamic_finance.pdf , Microfinance and Islamic Finance – A Perfect Match by Dr. Linda Eagle, accessed March 24, 2012.
  55. ^ https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2011/ "The Nobel Peace Prize 2011", Nobel Foundation, retrieved March 24, 2012.
  56. ^ http://www.democracynow.org/2011/10/7/yemeni_activist_tawakkul_karman_first_female Democracy Now! article on Tawakel Karman, "Yemeni Activist Tawakkul Karman, First Female Arab Nobel Peace Laureate: A Nod for Arab Spring", dated October 7, 2011, retrieved March 21, 2012.
  57. ^ https://www.huffingtonpost.com/sahar-taman/tawakul-karman-nobel-peace-prize-laureate_b_1001166.html "Tawakul Karman, Nobel Peace Prize Laureate, Talks the Talk and Walks the Walk" by 'Sahar Taman', The Huffington Post, published October 8, 2011, retrieved April 7, 2012.
  58. ^ https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2011/karman-lecture_en.html "In the name of God the Compassionate the Merciful", Nobel Lecture by Tawakkul Karman, Oslo, 10. December 2011, Nobel Foundation, retrieved April 5, 2012.
  59. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-07-15. Retrieved 2012-03-18.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "Tawakel Karman (The Nobel Peace Prize winner 2011) & Hijab" by 'Sarah Ahmed', dated December 12, 2011, retrieved March 21, 2012.
  60. ^ http://www.hautehijab.com/blogs/hijab-fashion/4966602-tawakkul-karman-first-arab-woman-and-youngest-nobel-peace-laureate-in-hijab Archived 2017-10-08 at the Wayback Machine "Tawakkul Karman is the first arab woman and the youngest Nobel Peace Laureate in hijab", 'Haute Hijab', December 20, 2011, accessed March 21, 2012.
  61. ^ "Malala and Kailash Satyarthi win Nobel Peace Prize". BBC News. 10 October 2014.
  62. ^ "Malala Yousafzai, Kailash Satyarthi win Nobel Peace Prize". Dawn. 14 October 2014. Retrieved 14 October 2014.
  63. ^ "Malala Yousafzai: 'I'm a feminist and a Muslim'". 15 December 2015.
  64. ^ https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1979/ “The Nobel Prize in Physics 1979”, Nobel Foundation, retrieved March 24, 2012.
  65. ^ https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1979/salam-bio.html "Abdus Salam-Biography", Nobel Foundation, retrieved April 5, 2012.
  66. ^ https://books.google.com/books/about/Abdus_Salam.html?id=wAY3AAAAMAAJ&redir_esc=y Google Books,Ghani, Abdul (1982). Abdus Salam: a Nobel laureate from a Muslim country : a biographical sketch, Publisher-Maʻaref Printers, Karachi. pp. i–xi., retrieved April 8, 2012.
  67. ^ Government of Pakistan, (GoPAK). "Second Amendment". Ministry of Law and Justice. The Electronic Government of Pakistan.
  68. ^ Mysticism in Contemporary Islamic Political Thought by John von Heyking, University of Lethbridge, Volume XIX, Nos. 1 and 2, 2006, Humanitas accessed April 5, 2012.
  69. ^ https://www.jstor.org/stable/20057766?origin=JSTOR-pdf [1] New Literary History, Vol. 34, No. 1, Inquiries into ethics and narratives (Winter 2003), pp. 75–90, retrieved April 5, 2012.
  70. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/2011/05/08/books/review/book-review-the-age-of-deception-by-mohamed-elbaradei.html?pagewanted=all Sunday Book Review, The New York Times, By Leslie H. Gelb, published May 6, 2011, retrieved March 21, 2012.
  71. ^ https://www.amazon.com/Islam-Orientalism-Intellectual-History-Modernity/dp/1848850050 intellectual history of muslims, retrieved April 6, 2012.
  72. ^ Orhan Pamuk and the Politics of Turkish Identity: From Islam to Istanbul [Paperback], retrieved April 5, 2012.
  73. ^ http://www.oup.com/us/catalog/general/subject/Physics/?view=usa&ci=9780199697120Cosmic Anger: Abdus Salam – The First Muslim Nobel Scientist” by Gordon Fraser, Oxford University Press, retrieved March 24, 2012.
  74. ^ https://www.amazon.com/Yasser-Arafat-Biography-Lerner-Hardcover/dp/0822550040 Yasser Arafat biography, retrieved April 6, 2012.
  75. ^ Anwar Sadat: Visionary Who Dared, retrieved April 6, 2012.
  76. ^ https://www.amazon.com/Iran-Awakening-Journey-Reclaim-Country/dp/0812975286 Shirin Ebadi's autobiography, retrieved April 6, 2012.
  77. ^ Ahmed Zewail, Autobiography, Nobel Foundation, retrieved April 5, 2012.
  78. ^ Autobiography of Muhammad Yunus, retrieved April 6, 2012.
  79. ^ https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes All Nobel Laureates, Nobel Foundation, retrieved April 6, 2012.

External links[edit]