List of Muslim states and dynasties

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(This article lists some of the states, empires, or dynasties that were ruled by a Muslim elite, or which were in some way central to or a part of a Muslim empire.)

All the disparate Islamic Empires can all be traced back to Muhammad, as the founder not only of the Islamic faith but also the first leader of the Muslim people.

Scholars debate what exactly constitutes an empire. One definition defines an empire as a state that extends dominion over areas and populations culturally and ethnically distinct from the culture/ethnicity at the center of power.

History of Muslim states[edit]

The early Muslim conquests began in the lifetime of Muhammad. His successors conquered large swaths of the Middle East and North Africa, in addition to parts of southern Europe and the Indian subcontinent, in the decades after his death. The caliphate founded by his earliest successors, called the Rashidun caliphate, was succeeded by the Umayyad caliphate and later the Abbasid caliphate.

While the caliphates gradually fractured and fell, other Muslim dynasties rose; some of these dynasties grew into "Islamic empires", with some of the most notable being the Safavid, Ottoman, and Mughal Empires.

Caliphates[edit]

Umayyad Empire at its greatest extent

Regional empires[edit]

Grouped by capital or core region

Iran[edit]

Shah Ismail 1, founder of the Safavid dynasty

Middle East[edit]

Anatolia (Turkey)[edit]

Barbarossa Hayreddin Pasha

Sub-Saharan Africa[edit]

North Africa[edit]

Europe[edit]

Southern Europe

Eastern Europe

Central Asia[edit]

South Asia[edit]

Indian Subcontinent and Afghanistan

Southeast Asia[edit]

Malay Archipelago (East Indies) (Indonesia,Malaysia and Brunei)

Philippines Islands

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]