There are currently 305 American and Canadian colleges and universities classified as Division II for NCAA competition. During the 2017–18 academic year, 7 schools are in the process of reclassifying to Division II. Forty-four of the 50 U.S. states, plus the District of Columbia and the Canadian province of British Columbia are represented. Arizona, Louisiana, Maine, Nevada, Rhode Island, and Wyoming do not currently have D-II institutions.
^Davis & Elkins joins the Mountain East Conference in 2019.
^Lindenwood joins the Great Lakes Valley Conference in 2019.
^After the 2018–19 school year, the LIU Post athletic program will be merged into the Division I athletic program of its sister campus, LIU Brooklyn, creating a new Division I program that will compete under the LIU name.
^ abNewman and Rogers State will become de facto members of the Mid-America Intercollegiate Athletics Association in 2019. Because the MIAA currently requires its full members to sponsor football, and neither Newman nor Rogers State has plans to add the sport, they will technically be associate members, but will house all of their sports in that league.
^Shepherd joins the Pennsylvania State Atlantic Conference in 2019.
^Southwest Baptist joins the Great Lakes Valley Conference in 2019.
^UVA–Wise joins the South Atlantic Conference in 2019.
These schools are actively pursuing Division II. Schools wishing to move within the NCAA to Division II must apply no later than February 1 of a given year, with the NCAA making its decision that July.
The NCAA does not conduct separate Division II championships in the following sports:
Men: Gymnastics, ice hockey, volleyball, water polo (note, however, that no Division II member currently sponsors men's gymnastics)
Women: Beach volleyball, bowling, gymnastics, ice hockey, water polo
Coeducational: Fencing, rifle, skiing
Some schools have opted to compete in a sport at a higher level and are allowed to do so by the NCAA under certain circumstances. First, when the NCAA placed severe restrictions on the fielding of Division I teams by Division II institutions in 2011, it grandfathered in all then-current D-I teams at D-II schools. Apart from this, Division II members are allowed to compete for Division I championships in sports in which a Division II national championship is not contested.
In some sports, the NCAA only sponsors championships open to all member schools regardless of division, with examples including beach volleyball, fencing, rifle, and water polo. In men's and women's ice hockey and men's volleyball, the NCAA holds Division III championships, but does not hold a separate D-II championship. The NCAA officially classifies all championship events that are open to schools from more than one division as "National Collegiate", except in men's ice hockey, in which the top-level championship is styled as a Division I championship. Division II members are allowed to compete for National Collegiate championships as well as the Division I men's ice hockey championship; in all such sports, they are allowed to operate under the same rules and scholarship restrictions that apply to full Division I members in that sport.
The Northeast-10 sponsors Men's Ice Hockey for its members who choose to remain in D-II. The conference sponsors a Women's Ice Hockey postseason tournament for those teams remaining in D-II but compete as independents during the regular season. Because the NE-10 is the sole Division II hockey league, its postseason champion cannot compete for the NCAA national hockey championship. Post University Ice Hockey teams also compete as D-II and have scheduling alliances with the NE-10 schools.
Future conference affiliations indicated in this list will take effect on July 1 of the stated year. In the case of spring sports, the first year of competition will take place in the calendar year after the conference move becomes official.
The following is a list of Division II institutions currently on probation by the NCAA in one or more sports. Probation decisions are made by the National Collegiate Athletic Association's Committee on Infractions.