List of NFL nicknames
The following are nicknames throughout the history of the NFL.
Nicknames for entire teams, or whole offensive or defensive units.
- Ain'ts: Nickname given to the New Orleans Saints after their 1980 season of 14 consecutive losses. The name persisted somewhat as, although they would later qualify for the playoffs several times since then, they did not win a playoff game until their defeat of the defending Super Bowl champion Rams in the Wild Card round of the 2000–01 playoffs. The franchise subsequently won four additional playoff games, defeating the Philadelphia Eagles in the 2007 Divisional Round, the Arizona Cardinals and the Minnesota Vikings in the 2009 Divisional Round and NFC Championship, and the Indianapolis Colts in Super Bowl XLIV. The recent run of success has changed the meaning of the "Ain'ts" (or "Aints") term from a negative to a positive, connotating the image of an unbreakable barrier to opponents of the Saints (i.e., "You Ain't Beating New Orleans"). The negative use of the term is still used by fans of NFL teams that typically play against New Orleans, usually by their division rivals' Atlanta Falcons and Carolina Panthers fans.
- Air Coryell: Nickname given to the high powered passing offenses of the mid-1970s St. Louis Cardinals coached by Don Coryell, though more often used to refer to the late-1970s/early-1980s San Diego Chargers offense.
- America's Team: Nickname given to the Dallas Cowboys for having a large number of fans outside its immediate local area. (The term itself is likely derived from the title of the team's 1978 highlight film.)
- Bay of Pigs: Nickname given to matchups of the Tampa Bay Buccaneers and Green Bay Packers by ESPN anchor Chris Berman from the mid-1980s through the early 1990s, when both teams hovered at the bottom of the NFC Central division. (The term is derived from the disastrous Bay of Pigs invasion of 1961.)
- Big Blue: An abridged version of the New York Giants nickname Big Blue Wrecking Crew
- Big Blue Wrecking Crew: Name of the New York Giants defensive team during the 1980s and into the early 1990s. This defense is considered one of the greatest of all time, and is perhaps the greatest 3–4 defense in NFL history.
- Bills West: The 2001 San Diego Chargers, so named because of the signing of the Buffalo Bills' former general manager, John Butler, along with several Buffalo Bills players, including quarterback Doug Flutie.
- Bird Gang: Name of the Arizona Cardinals.
- Blitz, Inc.: Name of the Philadelphia Eagles defensive team in the 1999–2004 seasons.
- Blitzburgh: Name of the Pittsburgh Steelers defensive unit since the mid-1990s and their tendency to relentlessly attack opposing quarterbacks.
- Bolts: Nickname for the San Diego Chargers
- Bull Elephant backfield: running backs of the 1950s Rams: Dick Hoerner, Paul "Tank" Younger, and "Deacon" Dan Towler.
- Bulls on Parade: Refers to the Houston Texans defense, starting in the 2011 season. After the hiring of Wade Phillips, the defense went from almost last ranked in the NFL to ranked second at the end of the 2011 season, winning the AFC South for the first time and reaching the post-season for the first time in franchise history. The name is taken from the Rage Against The Machine song of the same name.
- Bungles: Name referring to the Cincinnati Bengals teams of the 1990s and 2000s, whose string of losing seasons with records 8–8 or worse spanned 14 consecutive years. Name also used for any failing Cincinnati Bengals team thereafter.
- Cardiac Cardinals (Cards): the St. Louis Cardinals NFC East championship teams of 1974 (10–4) and '75 (11–3). Noted for their come-from-behind wins under their head coach, Don Coryell. The name was resurrected for the 1998 team that upset Dallas in the wild card game.
- Cardiac Cats: The Carolina Panthers of the late 1990s and early 2000s, derived from the St. Louis Cardinals' 1970s "Cardiac Cards" nickname. Known for close games often decided in the final minutes or the final play, thus giving their fans heart attacks; the term was used particularly during the team's Super Bowl season when they led the league in comeback wins. The Jacksonville Jaguars also earned this nickname in the late 1990s after pulling off last minute wins, especially during the 1996 season. Most recently dubbed for the 2009–2010 Cincinnati Bengals for their astounding eight regular season games that were decided in the final minute of play. Carson Palmer led seven game tying/winning drives in the final 5:00 of those games (one in overtime against the Cleveland Browns), losing only two of those eventually to the Denver Broncos on the "Immaculate Deflection" and the San Diego Chargers.
- Cardiac Jags: the Jacksonville Jaguars earned this nickname because of making several comeback wins and/or winning nail-biters.
- Cowgirls: Dallas Cowboys, by detractors, referring to the team's cheerleaders
- Cowpies: Dallas Cowboys, by detractors, refers to cow excrement
- Crunch Bunch: The 1981–83 New York Giants linebacking corps noted for their hard-hitting play and for generating many quarterback sacks, Taylor in particular. Mario Sestito of Troy, New York is credited with coining the name after a NY Giants newsletter at the time called 'Inside Football' held a contest to name this defensive unit, consisting of Harry Carson, Brian Kelley, Lawrence Taylor and Brad Van Pelt.
- Da Bears: Slang nickname given to the Chicago Bears made popular by the Bill Swerski's Superfans sketches of the early 1990s on Saturday Night Live. Sometimes used to retroactively refer to the 1985 Bears.
- The Deadskins: Given to the Washington Redskins squads under Daniel Snyder ownership for the team's poor performances, particularly during the 2000s.
- Death on Wings: The Baltimore Ravens defeat teams as if their opponents' deaths were on the wings of a bird that was attacking them.
- Dirty Birds: The 1998 Atlanta Falcons (but is still a nickname for the Falcons). The name originates from an end zone dance started by Jamal Anderson that was adopted by all the players upon scoring.
- Dome Patrol: The 1980s Saints linebacking corps, rated as #1 by NFL Network. This all star group included Rickey Jackson, Sam Mills, Pat Swilling, and Vaughan Johnson. The linebacker corps made NFL history as having all four elected to the same Pro Bowl.
- Dolts: Derisive name given whenever the Indianapolis Colts or San Diego Chargers (whose nickname is the "Bolts") had a bad team.
- Donkeys: Derisive name for the Denver Broncos.
- Doomsday Defense: The 1970s Dallas Cowboys defensive team. Doomsday I, the unit that led the Cowboys to victory in Super Bowl VI, was anchored by future Pro Football Hall of Fame members Herb Adderley, Bob Lilly, and Mel Renfro, while Doomsday II, which spearheaded the drive to the title in Super Bowl XII, featured Hall of Famer Randy White and fellow defensive linemen Harvey Martin and Ed "Too Tall" Jones.
- Earth, Wind, and Fire: 2008 New York Giants running back trio of Brandon Jacobs, Derrick Ward, and Ahmad Bradshaw
- Electric Company: The 1970s Buffalo Bills offensive line. They were given that name because they "turned on the 'Juice'" by paving the way for star halfback O.J. Simpson, who was nicknamed "Juice", because a common nickname for orange juice is also O.J.
- Evil Empire: Name associating the New England Patriots dynasty of the 2000s. Coach Bill Bellichick was deemed "evil" after the Spygate scandal and the term is a play on Belichick's frequent use of hooded sweatshirts on the sideline, making him resemble the Emperor Palpatine character from the Star Wars motion picture series.
- Fearsome Foursome: The 1960s Los Angeles Rams defensive line.
- Fort Knox: name given to the pass pocket created by the 1981 Buffalo Bills offensive line that allowed quarterback Joe Ferguson to throw deep (it allowed him to set a career record in passing yardage that season); the name was a play on the name of Bills head coach Chuck Knox.
- Forty Whiners: Referencing the fans of the San Francisco 49ers who often complain, as well as coach Jim Harbaugh who has a reputation of whining on the sidelines during games or during post game press conferences.
- Fourth Down Army: The Indianapolis Colts special teams unit since 2013
- G Men: Nickname of the New York Giants.
- Gang Green: Nickname of the New York Jets, or the Philadelphia Eagles defensive team from 1987 to 1990, when the team was coached by Buddy Ryan.
- Greatest Show on Turf: The 1999–2001 St. Louis Rams offensive team. (Note: The first team referred to as "The Greatest Show on Turf" was the 1992 Houston Oilers, the title of their 1993 NFL Films highlight film. The Oilers employed the wide-open run-and-shoot offense.)
- Gridbirds: Nickname for the St. Louis Cardinals from 1960 until their move to Arizona in 1988. A play on "gridiron" and "Redbirds", a common nickname for the baseball team of the same name with which they shared the city. The names were coincidental; the football Cardinals had the nickname in Chicago before moving to St. Louis, where the baseball team already existed.
- Gritz Blitz: Nickname for the 1977 Atlanta Falcons defense that allowed the fewest points per game (9.2) in NFL history. The Gritz Blitz defense consisted of defensive tackles Jim Bailey and Mike Lewis, defensive ends Claude Humphrey and Jeff Merrow, cornerbacks Rick Byas, and Rolland Lawrence, safeties Ray Brown and Ray Easterling, and linebackers Greg Brezina, Fulton Kuykendall, Ralph Ortega, and Robert Pennywell.
- Ground Chuck: Nickname for the Los Angeles Rams, Buffalo Bills and Seattle Seahawks teams coached by Chuck Knox (playing off his first name and his team's conservative, ball-control offense).
- Homeland Defense: Nickname for the New England Patriots defense during their runs to Super Bowl XXXVIII and XXXIX.
- Hogs: The Washington Redskins' offensive line, considered one of the largest and strongest in football history, originally consisting of Joe Jacoby, Russ Grimm, Mark May, George Starke, and Jeff Bostic.
- Jet Blue: New York Giants wide receivers corp in the early 2010s comprising Steve Smith, Hakeem Nicks, and Mario Manningham.
- Jokeland: Derisive name applied to the Oakland Raiders whenever they had a poor performance.
- Kardiac Kids: The 1980 Cleveland Browns, who had a penchant for having games decided in the final moments.
- Kelly Gun/K-Gun: Buffalo Bills' no-huddle offense when Jim Kelly was their quarterback. Named after Kelly and TE Keith McKeller. It was a success (four consecutive Super Bowl appearances) due to teams not being able to sub in their players in a timely fashion due to the quickness of the offense. They had their own version of the Run & Shoot Offense with Thurman Thomas in the backfield as their tailback along with Don Beebe and Andre Reed as their receivers.
- The Killer Bees: The 1982 Miami Dolphins defensive team; six of their 11 starters had last names that began with the letter "B" (Bob Baumhower, Bill Barnett, Lyle Blackwood, Kim Bokamper, Glenn Blackwood, Charles Bowser, Doug Betters, and Bob Brudzinski). They allowed only 131 points in the strike-shortened, nine-game regular season.
- Legion of Boom: The dominant secondary of the Seattle Seahawks, consisting of 2013 All-Pro safety tandem Earl Thomas and Kam Chancellor as well as the league's largest set of corners in 6'1" Byron Maxwell and 6'3" All-Pro Richard Sherman. The nickname refers to the physical play of a unit typified by "booming" hits. Their name can be attributed to the group of DC comic villians [Legion of Doom] who battled the Superfriends.
- Marty Ball: Coach Marty Schottenheimer's football strategy.
- Million Dollar Backfield was given to two historical backfields. It was first used to refer to the backfield of the then–Chicago Cardinals in 1947 after owner Charles Bidwill spent an unprecedented amount of money to lure several of the era's top players to the team. The term was resurrected again in 1954 for the backfield of the San Francisco 49ers, which would go on to produce four Hall of Famers.
- Monsters of the Midway: Originally applied to the Chicago Bears of the early 1940s, but revived for the 1980s Bears and subsequent successful Bears defensive teams. Originally used for the University of Chicago Maroons college football team. "Midway" was the name of the park on campus.
- New York Sack Exchange: The New York Jets defense of the early 1980s, led by defensive end Mark Gastineau along with Joe Klecko, and interior linemen Marty Lyons and Abdul Salaam. Fans began showing up at Shea Stadium with "NY Sack Exchange" signs, then the team itself began to promote that moniker. Name references the New York Stock Exchange on New York's Wall Street.
- No-Name Defense: The 1970s Miami Dolphins defensive team, especially that of its undefeated 1972 season, which performed excellently despite a lack of recognizable stars. They earned their nickname the previous year when Dallas coach Tom Landry said in an interview prior to Super Bowl VI that he could not remember the names of the Miami defensive players.
- Oakland Faiders: From the feeling that the Raiders have faded from their glory days. It also referred to the 1995 season (their first season in their return to Oakland from Los Angeles) in which they got off to an 8–2 start, but did not win a single game for the rest of the season, finishing 8–8 and missing the playoffs.
- Orange Crush: The 1970s Denver Broncos defensive team, led by defensive end Lyle Alzado and linebacker Randy Gradishar.
- Over-the-Hill Gang: The George Allen–coached Washington Redskins of the early 1970s, so named because of the large number of veteran players on the team. Many of those players also played for Allen when he coached the Los Angeles Rams from 1966–1970.
- Patsies: Poorly performing New England Patriots squads, a play on the nickname "The Pats".
- Pewter Pirates: The Tampa Bay Buccaneers, after changing team logo and colors in 1997.
- Purple Pain: This Baltimore Ravens nickname stems from the team's color, purple, and implies that their defense is so powerful that it is painful. It is also an allusion to the movie and song "Purple Rain".
- Purple People Eaters: The 1970s Minnesota Vikings defensive line, specifically the combination of Alan Page, Jim Marshall, Carl Eller, and Gary Larsen. The name is a reference to both the purple uniforms of the Vikings and the 1960s song "One Eyed One Horned Flying Purple People Eater"
- Purple Murder: The Baltimore Ravens' color is purple. A group of crows is called a "murder of crows", and Ravens are similar to crows. Technically, a group of Ravens is referred to as an "unkindness of ravens". Purple Unkindness is a less catchy nickname.
- Riptide Rush: The Baltimore Ravens have a fast and strong pass rush that can sack and hurry quarterbacks very well. Riptide Rush is a flavor of purple Gatorade. Purple is the Ravens' main color.
- Sack Pack: The defensive line of the Baltimore Colts in the mid-to-late 1970s. The Sack Pack were defensive tackles Joe Ehrmann (#76) and Mike Barnes (#63) and defensive ends Fred Cook (#72) and John Dutton (#78). In 1975, the Sack Pack established itself with 59 sacks. It had 56 the following year and 47 in 1977 before slowing down due to injuries.
- San Diego Super Chargers: Nickname given to the San Diego Chargers from its fight song. The song is often cited by Chris Berman and Tom Jackson.
- Steel Curtain: The 1970s Pittsburgh Steelers defensive team considered to be one of the most dominant defenses in the history of the NFL, primarily because in 1978 the league had to make rule changes for offenses to be able to combat the Steel Curtain. These rules included allowing offensive linemen to use their hands to block pass rushers like "Mean" Joe Greene, and restricting defensive backs like Mel Blount from being able to bump receivers more than five yards past the line of scrimmage (as DBs had been allowed to do before). In 1976 during a nine game stretch, the Steel Curtain allowed only 28 points, including five shut-outs. The Steel Curtain of the 1970s produced four Hall of Fame players (more than any of the vaunted defensive units of the time): Jack Lambert, Jack Ham, Joe Greene, and Mel Blount. LC Greenwood and Donnie Shell have both been Hall of Fame finalists several times.
- Seagulls, Sea Slugs or Sea Chickens: Name that is often uttered by various articles when referring to the Seahawks in a derogatory way. Also, fans sometimes might call the team this nickname when they do poorly during games.
- Sons of Anarchy: The New York Jets defensive line of the early 2010s consisting of Muhammad Wilkerson, Damon Harrison, and Sheldon Richardson
- Soul Patrol: used for the Oakland Raiders defensive backfield of the 1970s
- SWAT team: Name of the Cincinnati Bengals' secondary of David Fulcher, Solomon Wilcots, Eric Thomas, and Lewis Billups coached by Defensive Coordinator Dick LeBeau during the 1988 season.
- Three Amigos: Denver Broncos wide receivers Mark Jackson, Vance Johnson, and Ricky Nattiel
- The Triplets: Troy Aikman, Michael Irvin and Emmitt Smith, the offensive stars of the 1990s Dallas Cowboys three-time Super Bowl winning teams
- Vagiants: Pejorative portmanteau referring to the New York Giants as vaginas
- Viqueens: Poorly performing Minnesota Vikings squads, a play on the team name.
- Yucks (or "Yuccaneers"): The Tampa Bay Buccaneers from the mid-1980s to the mid-1990s when the team commonly posted double-digit losses during the regular season. On November 17, 1996, the "Yuccaneers" term was used during the ESPN pregame show prior to a game at the Chargers. Tampa Bay erased a 0–14 deficit to win 25–17.
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (August 2012)|
Nicknames for individual players, or small groups of individual players.
|A-Train||Mike Alstott||How he was as difficult to tackle as a freight train; "A" is a reference to his surname initial|
|Ageless Wonder||Darrell Green||His remarkable ability to maintain a high level of play during the latter years of his 20 year career.|
|All Day or AD||Adrian Peterson||Given to him by his parents because he would run "all day"|
|Amish Rifle||Ryan Fitzpatrick||Given to him by Buffalo Bills fans because of his scraggly beard during the 2010 NFL season.|
|Anytime||Devin Hester||His ability to return kicks and punts for touchdowns any time. Inspired from his mentor Deion "Prime Time" Sanders.|
|The Assassin||Jack Tatum||Given for his pure brutality.|
|Bad Moon||Andre Rison||Given nickname by ESPN's Chris Berman in reference to CCR's song "Bad Moon Rising".|
|BallSoHard||Terrell Suggs||Suggs claims that the reason he plays so toughly and aggressively is because he went to BallSoHard University.|
|Ball Hawk||Ed Reed||Reed was always there to make a play on the ball (i.e. pass defense or interception).|
|Bambi||Lance Alworth||For his speed, and his spectacular and graceful moves.|
|Beast Mode||Marshawn Lynch||He used this term to describe himself during an interview. Afterward fans continued to use the term.|
|Big Ben||Ben Roethlisberger||His imposing size, a nod to the large clock on the Elizabeth Tower in London|
|Big Game||Torry Holt||Goes back to his college career at North Carolina State when he had great performances in games such as against No. 2 ranked Florida State Seminoles scoring two +60 yards touchdowns and thus helped stunning the Seminoles 24-7 for the program's biggest upset in 31 years. He also set Rookie Super Bowl Records for Receptions an Receiving yards in his first Super Bowl in the 1999 season, he also added a touchdown.|
|Big Daddy||Dan Wilkinson||His 6'5", 340 lb frame|
|Big Snack||Casey Hampton||Apparent reference to his large size and penchant for eating|
|Blind Side||Michael Oher||Oher's high school life was the inspiration for the book and film "The Blind Side."|
|Blonde Bomber||Terry Bradshaw||His blond hair combined with his tendencies to throw the ball down the field, hence "bomber"|
|Boobie||Anthony Dixon||The nickname comes from Boobie Miles, of Friday Night Lights fame, and was bestowed by his teammates in college.|
|Brickwall||Ray Lewis||Lewis had the ability to hit players very hard and often injured them. Many players compared one of Lewis's hits to the feeling of running into a brick wall.|
|Broadway Joe||Joe Namath||Reference to the wide avenue that ran through New York—the city where he played QB with the New York Jets|
|Breesus||Drew Brees||Play on Brees's last name and his perception as the savior of Saints Football.|
|Brian Crushing||Brian Cushing||Play on Cushing's last name and his hard-hitting tackles.|
|Bullet Bob||Bob Hayes||Reference to his incredible speed. Won gold medal and set world record in the 100 m at 1964 Summer Olympics.|
|Burner||Michael Turner||Given both because of his ability to break long runs and because it rhymes with his last name. Got the name in college.|
|Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid||Larry Csonka & Jim Kiick||Miami Dolphins running back duo from 1968 to 1974; named after the movie about the famous outlaws.|
|Bus||Jerome Bettis||Because of his ability to carry tacklers on his back like a "bus"|
|Cadillac||Carnell Williams||A high school broadcaster at Etowah High School in Attalla, Alabama compared Williams' running to a luxury car.|
|Captain Checkdown||Trent Edwards||Name given to quarterback Trent Edwards for his refusal to throw the deep ball, preferring instead to dump off to running backs or tight ends.|
|Captain Chaos||Chris Cooley||Adapted from Dom DeLuise's character in The Cannonball Run; possibly due to shared initials.|
|Captain Comeback||Roger Staubach||Name given to quarterback Roger Staubach during his career with the Dallas Cowboys during the 1970s for his ability to bring back his team from being down during important games. Also referred to as Captain America for his strong old fashioned beliefs likening him to the comic book hero.|
|C.C.||Cris Carter||C.C. for Cris Carter, Was #2(130) in touchdown receptions when he retired. Best known for his one-handed, sideline circus catches. Was part of the 3-Deep threats along with Vikings teammate Randy Moss, and Jake Reed.|
|CJ2K, CJ2', CJ1K||Chris Johnson||CJ for Chris Johnson, 2K for his 2000-yard rushing season, 2 as a play on CJ2K and a reference to his poor performance towards the beginning of the 2011 season|
|Comeback Kid||Joe Montana||Nickname given to Joe Montana for leading the San Francisco 49ers in many great comebacks, even in desperate situation; such as a 28 point deficit.|
|Concrete Charlie||Chuck Bednarik||Bednarik worked as a concrete salesman during the NFL's offseason and was known for his hard hits and persistent endurance.|
|Crazy Legs||Elroy Hirsch||Named for his unusual running style.|
|Crystal Chandelier||Chris Chandler||Was plagued by concussions and injuries, referencing his presumed fragility|
|Crunch Bunch||Harry Carson, Brian Kelley, Lawrence Taylor and Brad Van Pelt||The 1981–83 New York Giants linebacking corps noted for their hard-hitting play and for generating many quarterback sacks, Taylor in particular. Mario Sestito of Troy, New York is credited with coining the name after a NY Giants newsletter at the time called 'Inside Football' held a contest to name this defensive unit.|
|Curtis "My Favorite" Martin||Curtis Martin||Pun on the television show My Favorite Martian; bestowed by ESPN's Chris Berman|
|Deebo||James Harrison||His similarity in appearance and demeanor to the character in the movie Friday played by Tom Lister, Jr.|
|Diesel||John Riggins||Because of his powerback style of play—compared to a truck that ran on diesel.|
|Dr. Death||Skip Thomas||Because of his physical tackling, and apparent resemblance to the cartoon character|
|Don't Cross The||Arthur Moats||Name bestowed after Moats laid a clean, but particularly devastating hit on Brett Favre, ending Favre's streak of consecutive starts as well as leading to Favre's retirement at the end of the 2010 season. Moats are large trenches surrounding castles that served as a line of defense.|
|Double Trouble||DeAngelo Williams and Jonathan Stewart||Carolina Panthers running back duo from 2008 to the present, previously known as Smash and Dash|
|Dump Truck||Najeh Davenport||Allusion to an incident which allegedly occurred when he was in college as well as a take on one-time teammate Jerome Bettis' nickname, "The Bus"|
|Dwight Hicks and the Hot Licks||Dwight Hicks1984 San Francisco 49ers defensive secondary led by|
|Dynamic Uno||David Wilson||His all-around skills at Running Back|
|Edge||Edgerrin James||Shortening of his first name|
|Earth, Wind and Fire||Brandon Jacobs, Derrick Ward & Ahmad Bradshaw||2008 NY Giants running backs; Jacobs = Earth, Ward = Wind, Bradshaw = Fire|
|ELIte||Eli Manning||Play on his first name, Eli, and the word Elite. Used by New York Giants fans in reference to quarterback Eli Manning claiming that he considers himself in the same elite class of quarterbacks as Tom Brady during a preseason interview. Manning backed up this claim by beating Brady and the New England Patriots in Super Bowl XLVI|
|The Face Cleaver||Leonard Weaver|
|Fast Willie||Willie Parker||His speed|
|Fatso||Art Donovan||A reference to his large frame.|
|Fitz||Larry Fitzgerald||the Cardinal fans call their beloved all-time best just by the first four letters of his last name "Fitz".|
|Fitzmagic||Ryan Fitzpatrick||His ability to turn around a long-struggling Buffalo Bills offensive attack after several years of mediocrity. It was later turned around to Fitztragic when his play, as well as the team's, declined.|
|Five-Head||Peyton Manning||Due to his prominent and very tall forehead.|
|Flash 80||Jerry Rice||His stunning plays combined with his number, 80|
|The Flyin' Hawaiian||Troy Polamalu||His style of diving into receivers and diving into pass paths for interception, and for Polamalu's Polynesian ancestry (Polamalu is in fact Samoan, but Hawaiian rhymes better)|
|Fragile Fred||Fred Taylor||Perception of being injured constantly|
|Freak||Randy Moss||His freakish athletic abilities|
|Freak||Jevon Kearse||Combine stats off the charts for someone his size|
|FredEx||Freddie Mitchell||Because he "always delivered"|
|The Freezer||B.J. Raji||A play off the nickname of William "The Refrigerator" Perry whom the Bears utilized in a similar manner during the 1980s. "Freezer" also alludes to the Packers home stadium, Lambeau Field, which is known for its freezing temperatures in December and February.|
|Fun Bunch||Washington Redskins wide receivers and tight endsEarly 1980s||This group's choreographed touchdown celebrations led to a league-wide ban of "excessive celebration" in 1984.|
|Galloping Ghost||Harold "Red" Grange||Because no one could catch him|
|Genocide||Gene Smith||Because he shreds defenses.|
|Ghost (or "Space Ghost")||Dave Casper||After Casper the Friendly Ghost|
|Golden Boy||Paul Hornung||A reference to his blond hair and his alma mater, Notre Dame, with its gold helmets and the golden dome of the main building on the Notre Dame campus. Notre Dame students and alumni are also referred to as "Golden Domers".|
|Goose||Tony Siragusa||Given to him for his large size and big play as a defensive tackle.|
|The Gravedigger||Gilbert Brown||Earned nickname in honor of his celebratory dance following a thunderous tackle.|
|Golden Graham||Jimmy Graham||This is a play on his last name to refer to his all-star talent. Golden comes from the fact that the New Orleans Saints' secondary color is gold. He is also nicknamed this after his breakout 2011–2012 NFL Season at the tight end position with the New Orleans Saints.|
|The Grand Old Man||George Blanda||For playing till the age of 48, the oldest player ever in the NFL.|
|Greg The Leg||Greg Zuerlein||Reference to his ability to kick long Field Goals and also because "Leg" rhymes with his first name.|
|(The) Gronk||Rob Gronkowski||Shortening of his last name which is Gronkowski. Also a play off of the Incredible Hulk due to Rob's size, power, and dominance.|
|The Gunslinger||Brett Favre||He earned this nickname for his intrepid attitude on the field, his legendary toughness and ability to come back from and play through injuries, and the fact that he threw bullet passes so hard he was known to break his receiver's fingers. The "gunslinger mentality" refers to Favre's tendency to fearlessly force throws to covered receivers, a high risk/high reward style of play.|
|Hacksaw||Jack Reynolds||Earned his nickname in 1969 by cutting an abandoned 1953 Chevrolet Bel Air in half with a hacksaw after his previously unbeaten University of Tennessee team returned from an embarrassing 38–0 road loss to Ole Miss.|
|The Hammer||Jessie Tuggle||Earned his nickname because of impact of hits he put on opposing ball carriers and QBs. Played his entire career with the Atlanta Falcons and was part of the 1998 "Dirty Birds" team.|
|He Hate Me||Rod Smart||Self-bestowed nickname Smart used on the back of his jersey during his time in the XFL. The nickname, which became a symbol of the XFL, stuck with Smart after he joined the NFL.|
|Hefty Lefty, Pillsbury Throwboy, The Round Mound of Touchdown,||Jared Lorenzen||His size and left-handed throwing motion|
|Hit and Run||Thomas Jones and Leon Washington||New York Jets running back duo from 2008 to 2009|
|The Honey Badger||Tyrann Mathieu||His ball instincts and his dyed blonde hair|
|The Hotel||Flozell Adams||His 6'7", 340-pound frame|
|The House||Herman Johnson||His 6'7", 386-pound frame|
|Housh||T.J. Houshmandzadeh||Play on the first syllable of his name.|
|Hogs||Washington Redskins offensive line1980s and early 1990s||Name first used by offensive line coach Joe Bugel during the team's 1982 training camp prior to winning Super Bowl XVII.|
|The Human Joystick||Dante Hall||Nickname given to him by coach Vermeil because of his big play ability in the return game|
|Inconvenient Truth||Frank Gore||Given by Rich Eisen: The Inconvenient truth was the name of former Vice President Al Gore's book/film|
|Iron Head||Craig Heyward||His hard-nosed straight-ahead, bruising running style.|
|Iron Mike||Mike Ditka|
|J.J. Swatt||J.J. Watt||Used by multiple media outlets for his ability to tip passes at the line of scrimmage. Began towards the start of the 2012 NFL season.|
|Jake "daylight come and you gotta" Delhomme||Jake Delhomme||Used by Chris Berman, a play on Delhomme's name and the Banana Boat Song by Harry Belafonte.|
|January Joe||Joe Flacco||For Joe Flacco's excellent postseason performance especially when compared to his regular season play. It is also a play on the name of the actress January Jones.|
|Joe Cool||Joe Montana & Joe Flacco||Joe Montana's ability to remain calm in pressure situations earned him the nickname. It has been used for Joe Flacco for his cool demeanor, especially during the postseason.|
|Johnny Football||Johnny Manziel||QB for the Browns 2014–present. His first name is Johnny and he used to play football.|
|JPP||Jason Pierre-Paul||His initials|
|Juice||O.J. Simpson||Based on the initials of his first and middle name (OJ)|
|Juice ||Le'Veon Bell||Given to him by head coach Mike Tomlin during the 2014-2015 offseason.|
|Kaeptain America||Colin Kaepernick||Given for his athleticism and a play on his last name and Marvel superhero, Captain America|
|Kamtrak||Kam Chancellor||For his running and hitting, a play on his name and Amtrak|
|K.G.B.||Kabeer Gbaja-Biamila||His initials|
|Kansas Comet||Gale Sayers||"Kansas Comet" was stuck on him by the Director of Sports Information at the University of Kansas.|
|Kirk CousINTS||Kirk Cousins||When Cousins comes in to replace the struggling Robert Griffin III, he tends to not play well, which includes throwing many interceptions (i.e. INTS).|
|The Kitchen||Nate Newton||Since he was presumably larger than "The Fridge"|
|L.T.||Lawrence Taylor||His initials|
|LT||LaDainian Tomlinson||His initials|
|Law Firm||BenJarvus Green-Ellis||Play on the length of his full name and its resemblance to the name of a law firm|
|Legatron||Greg Zuerlein||His ability to kick long field goals; also a play on the Transformers character Megatron|
|Legion of Boom (Seattle Seahawks)/L.O.B||Richard Sherman/Kam Chancellor/Earl Thomas/Byron Maxwell)Seahawks defensive backs (||hard hitting nature of the Seahawks defensive backs. A play on the Legion of Doom, a team of comic book supervillains.|
|Lights Out||Shawne Merriman||Because of his reputation of being a hard hitter; has been shortened to "Lights" by teammates in interviews|
|Long Gone||L.G. Dupre||An alternate take on his initials, and a reference to his ability to run away from competitors|
|Machine Gun Kelly||Jim Kelly||Jim Kelly was perhaps best known for running the Bills' "No-Huddle Offense", which was fast-paced and denied opposing defenses the opportunity to make timely substitutions, establishing the Buffalo Bills as one of the NFL's most successful and dangerous offenses. A reference to mobster George "Machine Gun" Kelly.|
|The Mad Bomber||Daryle Lamonica||Lamonica tended to throw, or "bomb," the ball deep during unnecessary situations.|
|Mad Duck||Alex Karras||Because of his short legs, he appeared to waddle like a duck.|
|Mad Stork||Ted Hendricks||Because of his 6'7" height.|
|Manning Face||Peyton Manning and Eli Manning||Due to the unique and humorous faces made by the brothers when frustrated.|
|Manster||Randy White||Half Man, Half Monster.|
|Marion the Barbarian||Marion Barber III||Because of his physical running style and reputation for repeatedly breaking tackles|
|Marks Brothers||Mark Clayton and Mark Duper||Prolific Miami Dolphins wide receiver duo of the 1980s who shared the same first name (also a reference to the Marx Brothers. They were also christened "Mark Twain.")|
|Matty Ice||Matt Ryan||In reference to Natural Ice or "Natty Ice", an adult beverage loved by bros across America.|
|Matty Ice||Matt Scott||This name was given to Matt Scott by the YouTube commentator cookieboy17. The name is a joke, because Matt Scott is known as a very bad quarterback in real life and has never even started a game. However, when cookieboy17 played with him in Madden NFL 25 he was a very good Madden player, and therefore gave Scott the nickname and would make many jokes about Scott being "the real Matty Ice," and Matt Ryan, who originally had the nickname, was the fake one.|
|Meast||Sean Taylor||Half Man, half beast|
|Megatron||Calvin Johnson||A reference to his large frame, comparing him to a Transformers character|
|Mercury||Eugene Morris|
|The Milkman||JJ Watt|
|The Minister Of Defense||Reginald Howard "Reggie" White||A reference to his Christian ministry as an ordained Evangelical minister and his preferred position as a defensive end on the teams for which he played|
|Minitron||Julian Edelman||While not many would draw comparisons between the diminutive Julian Edelman and the monstrous Calvin Johnson, Tom Brady did just that by giving Julian a new nickname: "Minitron"|
|Missile||Qadry Ismail||His speed (particularly as a kick returner), and also a play on his brother Raghib Ismail's nickname, Rocket|
|Mongo||Steve McMichael||Taken from the character in the film Blazing Saddles, played by Alex Karras.|
|Moose||Daryl Johnston||Given to him by Cowboys backup quarterback Babe Laufenberg for his blocking ability and opening holes for runningback Emmitt Smith.|
|citation needed]The Mossiah[||Randy Moss||The Savior for the Vikings. In his rookie year, Moss led the Vikings towards one of the most powerful offenses in the NFL.|
|MoJo/MJD||Maurice Jones-Drew||RB for the Raiders. Nickname was first used when he added his late grandfather's last name (Jones) to his original last name (Drew) out of respect. "Mo"—Maurice, "Jo"—Jones.|
|Mr. Rodgers||Aaron Rodgers||QB for the Packers 2008–present. His last name is a homonym of that of long-time children's television host Mister Rogers.|
|The Natural||Andre Johnson||WR for the Houston Texans. Nicknamed due to his incredible natural talent and his team colors.|
|Neon Deion||Deion Sanders||His flashy play and the rhyme with his first name|
|Nigerian Nightmare||Christian Okoye||To his homeland as well as to the difficulty he posed to defenses|
|Night Train||Dick Lane||Due to his fear of flying, Lane road a night train to away games while the rest of the team flew|
|Ocho Cinco||Chad Johnson||Self-bestowed pidgin Spanish reference to his uniform number (85); originally named Chad Johnson, legally changed name to "Chad Ochocinco" in 2008 (changed back to Johnson in 2012). Also self-refers as "Esteban Ochocinco".|
|Papa Bear||George Halas||The founding father of the Chicago Bears|
|Pick Magnet||Darren Sharper||Sharper intercepted many passes in his career, as if he was a magnet to the balls. This is also a play on the term chick magnet.|
|Playmaker||Michael Irvin||For his ability to defeat tight coverage, even double coverage, and make big plays.; possibly self-bestowed|
|Pot Roast Knighton||Terrance Knighton||Him being a defensive lineman, he is named for his ability to break through the opposing offensive line and sack their quarterback.|
|Pocket Hercules||Maurice Jones-Drew||For his durability as a featured back, his strength to break tackles and to make crucial pancake blocks (most notably on Shawn Merriman) despite his diminutive size.|
|Porcelain Pennington||Chad Pennington||Derogatory reference to his repeated season-ending injuries|
|Pork Chop||Floyd Womack|
|Posse||Art Monk, Gary Clark and Ricky Sanders||Trio of wide receivers on the Washington Redskins of the late 1980s through the early 1990s:|
|Prime Time||Deion Sanders||His ability to step up at critical moments and make big plays; possibly self-bestowed|
|Pudge||William Heffelfinger|
|Purple People Eaters||Minnesota Vikings defensive line of Alan Page, Carl Eller, Gary Larsen and Jim MarshallLate-1960s to 70's||Reference to the purple uniforms of the Vikings and a takeoff of the 1960s song "One Eyed One Horned Flying Purple People Eater"|
|Quiet Storm||Marques Colston||Reference to Colston's shyness and ability to make big plays.|
|Ray Ray||Ray Lewis|
|Raytorious L52||Ray Lewis||A play on the name of the rapper Notorious B.I.G.; Lewis was known in the NFL as notorious for playing well against offensive players.|
|Red Rifle||Andy Dalton||Reference to Dalton's red hair.|
|Refrigerator or Fridge||William Perry||His immense size in comparison to other defensive linemen|
|Resolute Runner||Ryan Williams||His fearless running ability|
|Revis Island||Darrelle Revis||His ability to cover wide receivers was compared to being stranded on an island|
|RG3||Robert Griffin III||His name|
|Road Runner||David Wilson||His speed, quickness, agility, and dynamic running ability; given to him while he was at Virginia Tech|
|Rocket||Raghib Ismail||His speed; given to him while he was at Notre Dame|
|Roger the Dodger||Roger Staubach||His ability to avoid the pass rush; given to him while at Navy|
|Run DMC||Darren McFadden||His speed; given to him in beginning of 2011 season, also a play on his initials.|
|Sanchize||Mark Sanchez||Originally given to him when he was picked in the first round of the 2009 NFL Draft as he was supposed to be the saviour of the | franchise. Now used more mockingly whenever he performs poorly.|
|The Samoan Head Hunter||Troy Polamalu||His ability to confuse the opposing offense and make bone crushing tackles.|
|Sausage||Anthony Sherman||Given to him by Kansas City Chiefs play-by-play announcer Mitch Holthus.|
|Scramblin' Fran||Fran Tarkenton||His ability to avoid defenders in the backfield and penchant for running with the ball if the pass play broke down.|
|Shady McCoy||LeSean McCoy||His mother game him the nickname as he had lots of mood changes when he was young.|
|The Sheriff||Peyton Manning||Well known for calling his own plays at the line of scrimmage and hurry-up offense.|
|Silverback||James Harrison||His strength, which is likened to that of a silverback gorilla|
|Silverback||Trent Williams||named after the male gorilla. given to him by teammates and one he embraces. Williams has a huge gorilla tattoo on his back and owns gorilla art.|
|Sixty Minute Man||Chuck Bednarik||Playing on both offense and defense (and thus playing all sixty minutes of the game); is sometimes applied generally to any player that does this. Bednarik is generally recognized as the last to have r|
|Slash||Kordell Stewart||The punctuation mark used when describing his dual position as a quarterback/receiver.|
|Slingin' Sammy||Sammy Baugh||His affinity for passing the ball, particularly deep downfield|
|Slot Machine||Wes Welker||His effectiveness lining up between the split end/flanker and the linemen (i.e. "the slot")|
|Smash and Dash||Chris Johnson & LenDale White||Running back duo of the Titans starting in 2008; White being Smash for his 'power running back' skills and Johnson being Dash because of his astonishing breakaway speed|
|Smash, Dash, and Tash||Marion Barber III, Felix Jones, and Tashard Choice||Dallas Cowboys' 3 man running attack starting in 2008; nod to the Titans' "Smash and Dash"; Barber = Smash (power back), Jones = Dash (speed back), Choice = Tash (contraction of first name)|
|Snacks, Big Snacks||Damon Harrison||Based on his refusal to eat Rice Krispie Treats left for him by the coaching staff|
|Snake||Knowlton Ames||His speed and elusiveness|
|Snake||Ken Stabler||Earned his nickname from his coach following a long, winding touchdown run|
|Snake||Jake Plummer||His ability of "snaking" around out of pressure in the pocket; also rhymes with first name|
|Smurfs||Gary Clark, Alvin Garrett, and Charlie Brown||1980s Redskins' receiving corps; because of their diminutive size (Garrett was 5'7”, Clark was 5'9”, and Brown the tallest at 5'10”), comparing them to the tiny blue comic and cartoon characters|
|Spiderman||Joe Webb||Drafted as a wide receiver by the Minnesota Vikings, on Brett Favre's insistence Joe Webb was signed to the team as a back-up QB. Went on to lead Vikings to a win in Philadelphia, against Michael Vick and the Eagles playing a must-win game. Lovingly called Spiderman, due to his last name.|
|Superman Cam||Cam Newton||Due to both his unusually athletic physique and habit of pretending to rip open his jersey to reveal a "S" underneath when scoring a rushing touchdown.|
|Sweetness||Walter Payton||Earned in college at Jackson State University for his slick moves on the field, his amazing dancing skills, and his friendly personality.|
|TD||Terrell Davis||His initials, also referring to the abbreviation for "touchdown"; Davis holds the record for most rushing touchdowns in one Super Bowl game with three|
|The GOAT||Jerry Rice||Earned from teammates and other NFL players and Sportscasters, referring to the abbreviation of the Greatest Of All Time.|
|T-Mobile||Tyrod Taylor||His Initials and Scrambling ability|
|Tebow Time||Tim Tebow||Used as Tim Tebow for making comebacks in games|
|That Idiot||Mike Vanderjagt||Before the Pro Bowl in 2003 Vanderjagt questioned the passion of Colts' teammate Peyton Manning & coach Tony Dungy. In response Manning gave an angry sideline interview in which he acknowledged Vanderjagt as a good kicker, but called him an idiot at least four different times.|
|T.O.||Terrell Owens||His initials|
|The Tasmanian Devil||Troy Polamalu||He plays with a style that borders on reckless, and, like the cartoon character, he is something of whirling dervish.|
|Three Headed Monster||Duce Staley, Correll Buckhalter and Brian Westbrook||Trio of star running backs that all played for the Philadelphia Eagles in 2003.|
|The Throwin' Samoan||Jack Thompson||A quarterback whose birthplace was American Samoa|
|The Williams Wall||Pat Williams & Kevin Williams||The duo is largely responsible for the Vikings fielding such a stiff run defense, and they make it nearly impossible for the opposition to consistently gain yardage between the tackles.|
|Thunder & Lightning||Keenan McCardell & Jimmy Smith||1996–2001 Jaguars wide receiver tandem; McCardell = Thunder, Smith = Lightning|
|Thunder and Lightning||Ron Dayne & Tiki Barber||2000 Giants running back tandem; Dayne = Thunder, Barber = Lightning|
|Thunder and Lightning||Ricky Watters & Charlie Garner||1995–1997 Eagles running back tandem; Watters = Thunder, Garner = Lightning|
|Thunder and Lightning||Chuck Muncie & Tony Galbreath||1976–1980 New Orleans Saints dynamic running back duo known as "Thunder and Lightning". The nickname is credited to former Saints Head Coach Hank Stram.|
|Tom Terrific||Tom Brady||Due to his excellent play in the 2001, 2003, and 2004 Super Bowls and since.|
|Tommy Gun aka Touchdown Tommy||Tommy Maddox||Nickname given for Maddox's passing ability, making the Steelers more of a downfield team.|
|Touchdown Tom||Tom Brady||For his 2007 season where he passed for 50 touchdowns, the NFL record at the time.|
|Touchdown Tommy||Tommy Vardell||He was given the nickname in college by Stanford head coach Dennis Green after scoring four touchdowns against Notre Dame.|
|Tuel Time||Jeff Tuel||A play on the show-within-a-show Tool Time on the 1990s sitcom Home Improvement.|
|Tuna||Bill Parcells||Bestowed in 1980, well after his (very brief) NFL playing career ended, when Parcells was an assistant with the New England Patriots, as an homage to the advertising icon Charlie the Tuna.|
|citation needed]The Tyler Rose[||Earl Campbell||Campbell is from Tyler, Texas|
|Two-Minute Tommy||Tommy Kramer||Had a knack for late game come-from-behind wins.|
|Uncle Rico||Kyle Orton||Orton bore a resemblance to Uncle Rico, a washed-up former high school backup quarterback in the movie Napoleon Dynamite, especially during his time with the Buffalo Bills. Prior to his signing with the Bills, he earned the nickname Neckbeard for his facial hair.|
|Uptown||Gene Upshaw||A play on his name, but also his role as a guard when run-blocking.|
|Wash and Wear||Thomas Jones & Leon Washington||2008–2009 Jets duo of running backs|
|Weapon X/Wolverine||Brian Dawkins||His hard-hitting, game-changing play style. As well as his flying tackles.|
|Well Dressed Amani Toomer||Amani Toomer||Given by Chris Berman, play on Armani suits.|
|White Shoes||Billy Johnson||His choice of footwear at a time when most players wore black cleats|
|The Wheaton Iceman||Harold "Red" Grange||A part-time job he once held delivering ice in his hometown of Wheaton, Illinois|
|Wildman||Ray Nitschke|
|Windy City Flyer and Miami Missile||Devin Hester||Hester's speed and a nickname for the city of Chicago, in which he plays; bestowed by WBBM 780 radio-announcer Jeff Joniak|
|For Dunn's initials and Alstott's #40|
|World||Jerry Rice||He acquired the nickname "World" at Mississippi Valley State University because there wasn't a ball in the world he couldn't catch.|
- The Big Crabcake given to M&T Bank Stadium by announcers for the Baltimore, Maryland area being known for its love of seafood, particularly MD crabs and crab cakes
- Big Sombrero: Nickname given to Tampa Stadium, first home of the Tampa Bay Buccaneers, so named because of its curved outline that resembled the brim of a sombrero. Raymond James Stadium, the Buccaneers' home since 1998, was christened The New Sombrero by ESPN anchor Chris Berman.
- Black Hole: Name of the section behind the south end zone at Oakland Coliseum, home of the Oakland Raiders, known for having some of the most rabid fans in the NFL.
- City of Brotherly Hate: Nickname given by NFL.com to fans of the Philadelphia Eagles, particularly after the team's underperformance during the 2011 season, for the fanbase's notorious discontent. The name is a play on the "city of brotherly love," the English translation of the city of Philadelphia's (Greek) name.
- The Clink: A play on the name of CenturyLink Field, home of the Seattle Seahawks.
- Dawg Pound: Name of the bleacher section behind the east end zone in Cleveland Browns Stadium, also known for having one of the most loyal fans in the NFL. The name was originally applied to the same section of Cleveland Municipal Stadium, which formerly stood on the site.
- The Factory of Sadness: FirstEnergy Stadium, home of the Cleveland Browns. Coined in a YouTube video by comedian Mike Polk Jr. after a 30-12 loss to the Houston Texans on Nov. 7, 2011. The nickname is additionally used as the name of a Browns fan site.
- Frozen Tundra (of Lambeau Field): Nickname given to the home field of the Green Bay Packers. The phrase was allegedly first uttered by NFL Films narrator John Facenda as he described the 1967 NFL Championship Game, or "Ice Bowl", during which Lambeau's undersoil heating system failed and the field froze. However, Steve Sabol of NFL Films denies that Facenda used the phrase; it is thought that an impersonation of Facenda by Chris Berman popularized the phrase. Without a heating system, the severe winter climate of Green Bay, Wisconsin would frequently cause the field to freeze. (The name itself is redundant, since, by definition, all tundra is frozen.)
- House of Pain: House of Pain was used to refer to the Houston Astrodome during NFL games played by the Houston Oilers. This was during the days that Warren Moon was the quarterback, and the Oilers defense was a force to be reckoned with, particularly during the Jerry Glanville years.
- Peanut Heaven: The orange-colored seats in the upper decks of Pittsburgh's Three Rivers Stadium.
- JerryWorld: AT&T Stadium, named after Dallas Cowboys owner Jerry Jones. See stadium's article for full list of current nicknames.
- The Jungle: The nickname for Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati and also at the Bengals current home. The name largely derived in the 1980s from the Guns 'N' Roses' song "Welcome to the Jungle". The Bengals are also known for the "Who Dey" chant. The "Jungle" name has since applied other teams' stadiums with similar mascots.
- The Linc: Nickname for Lincoln Financial Field in Philadelphia.
- The Q: A nickname for Qualcomm Stadium, home of the San Diego Chargers. The stadium was also nicknamed "The Murph" after its original name of Jack Murphy Stadium.
- Ralph: Ralph Wilson Stadium, home of the Buffalo Bills.
- Razor: New England Patriots stadium Gillette Stadium.
- Rockpile: The seating section underneath the scoreboard at Ralph Wilson Stadium. Considered one of the most raucous environments in the NFL, this section was named after War Memorial Stadium (the home of the Bills prior to Rich Stadium) which was referred to locally as "The Rockpile".
- The Swamp: Giants Stadium's nickname in East Rutherford, New Jersey.
- The 'Stick: Common nickname for Candlestick Park in San Francisco.
- 700 Level: The notorious upper levels of the former Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia between 1971 and 2002. This section was infamous for brawls between Philadelphia Eagles fans and those of visiting teams, especially Cowboys fans.
- Titletown: Referring to both the city of Green Bay, Wisconsin and the 13-time NFL champion Packer teams, including those of legendary coaches Vince Lombardi and Curly Lambeau.
- The 12th Man/The 12's: Nickname given to the fans of the Seattle Seahawks because of the impact of their loud cheering on the opposing team's offensive linemen, leading to false start penalties. Since 1990, the Seahawks have had to pay licensing fees to Texas A&M University at College Station, because of the college filing a trademark on the phrase that year. Used to a lesser extent by the Buffalo Bills, also under license.
- 49ers Faithful: Nickname given to the fans of the San Francisco 49ers.
- 4th Phase: Fans of the Chicago Bears. Infers the fans are the 4th phase of the game, after Offense, Defense and Special Teams.
- Bills Backers: Buffalo Bills fans. Because of the massive population displacement of Western New Yorkers, "Bills Backers Bars" can be found in almost every major city throughout the United States.
- Bills Elvis: Entertainer and Elvis impersonator John R. Lang, who appears with a large white guitar that he uses as a billboard. He is one of the Bills' most recognizable individual fans.
- Black Hole: Oakland Raiders fans who sit in a section of the Oakland Coliseum known as the 'black hole' (sections 104, 105, 106, and 107) which is mostly occupied by rowdy fans.
- Boo Birds: Philadelphia Eagles Though used by other teams as well, largely refers to Philadelphia Eagles fans who are known for their tendency to boo for almost any reason and especially at their own team when the Eagles are performing poorly.
- Browns Backers: The fan club for the Cleveland Browns that has over 100,000 members
- Cheeseheads: A name given to people of Wisconsin (mainly Green Bay Packers fans) by Chicago Bears fans after the Bears won the Super Bowl. The name mocks Wisconsin's love of cheese. The name eventually gained acceptance.
- Chief Zee: Fan at nearly all Washington Redskins games since 1978 and considered the unofficial mascot of the team. He wears an Indian headdress, large rimmed glasses, with a red jacket and carries a tomahawk.
- Fireman Ed: Fan at NY Jets home games who wore a green fireman helmet with a Jets logo on the front. Known for leading the "J-E-T-S" chants. He retired the "Fireman Ed" character immediately after the infamous Butt Fumble game, although he still attends games.
- Franco's Italian Army: Fans of Pittsburgh Steelers running back Franco Harris.
- Gerela's Gorillas: Fans of Pittsburgh Steelers placekicker Roy Gerela.
- Hogettes: A group of about twelve Washington Redskins fans who dress in drag and wear pig-noses. The name is a takeoff of the Redskins' "Hogs" offensive line.
- Niner Empire: Fans of the San Francisco 49ers. Due to the 49ers Super Bowl dynasty of the 1980s and part way into the 1990s.
- Packer Backer: Fan of the Green Bay Packers. Sometimes used derisively by Bears fans.
- Pinto Ron: Ken Johnson, a well-known fan of the Buffalo Bills known for appearing at all the Bills' home and away games, his bushy beard, his tailgating on a 1980 Ford Pinto (hence his name), and the infamous practice of serving shots of liquor out of a bowling ball, a practice that the league has since banned.
- Redskins Nation: Fans of the Washington Redskins.
- Raider Nation: Oakland Raiders fans. The first team in the NFL to be characterized as a "nation". The rest of the teams quickly adopted the title and therefore coined a variety of various team "nations".
- Steeler Nation: Fans of the Pittsburgh Steelers.
- SuperSkin: Die-hard fan of the Washington Redskins, who attends each home game dressed in a burgundy and gold superhero costume and motivates other fans to cheer loudly.
- The Sea of Red: Nickname given to the loudest NFL fans of the Kansas City Chiefs at Arrowhead Stadium.
- Who Dat Nation: New Orleans Saints fans.
Rules named after NFL figures
Throughout the league's history, a number of rules have been enacted largely because of exploits on the field by a single coach, owner, player, or referee. The following is a partial list of such rule changes:
- Baugh/Marshall rule: A forward pass that strikes the goal posts is automatically ruled incomplete. Enacted in 1946, it is named after Washington Redskins quarterback Sammy Baugh and team owner George Preston Marshall. In the previous year's NFL Championship Game, the Rams scored a safety when Baugh, throwing the ball from his own end zone, hit the goal posts (which were on the goal line between 1933 and 1973). The two points were the margin of victory as the Rams won 15–14. Marshall was so mad at the outcome that he was a major force in passing this rule change.
- Bert Emanuel rule: The ball can touch the ground during a completed pass as long as the receiver maintains control of the ball. Enacted in 2000 due to a play in the 1999 NFC championship game, where Emanuel, playing for the Tampa Bay Buccaneers, had a catch ruled incomplete since the ball touched the ground.
- Bill Belichick rule: Two defensive players, one primary and one backup, will have a radio device in their helmets allowing the head coach to communicate with them through the radio headset, identical to the radio device inside the helmet of the quarterback. This proposal was defeated in previous years, but was finally enacted in 2008 as a result of Spygate.
- Bronko Nagurski rule: Enacted in 1933, forward passing became legal from anywhere behind the line of scrimmage. Enacted in response to a controversial call in the 1932 NFL Playoff Game, in which Nagurski completed a two-yard pass to Red Grange for the Chicago Bears' winning touchdown. The rule at the time mandated that a forward pass had to be thrown from at least five yards behind the line of scrimmage. Nagurski appeared to have not dropped back five yards before passing to Grange, but the touchdown stood.
- Calvin Johnson rule: A receiver must maintain possession of the football throughout the completion of the play. This was more precisely a clarification of the existing rules regarding catches, made in 2010 in response to a play by Calvin Johnson, who caught the ball in the end zone, and had it roll out of his hands after he landed. This was ruled incomplete upon review, and upheld, though it generated a lot of discussion about what constituted a catch.
- Carson Palmer rule: A rushing defensive player won't be allowed to forcibly hit a quarterback below the knees, unless they are blocked into. Enacted in the 2006 NFL season after Bengals quarterback Carson Palmer was injured in the 2005 AFC Wild Card game after he was hit below by Steelers defender Kimo von Oelhoffen.
- Dave Casper rule: See the "Ken Stabler" rule.
- Deacon Jones rule: No head-slapping. Enacted in 1977 in response to the defensive end's frequently used technique against opponents.
- Deion Sanders rule: Player salary rule which correlates a contract's signing bonus with its yearly salary. Enacted after Sanders signed with the Dallas Cowboys in 1995 for a minimum salary and a $13 million signing bonus. (There is also a college football rule with this nickname.)
- Ed Hochuli rule: Instant replay can be used to determine whether a loose ball from a passer is definitely a fumble or an incomplete pass. This was enacted in 2009 in response to a play in the San Diego Chargers – Denver Broncos Week 2 regular season game where, in the final minutes, referee Ed Hochuli ruled that Broncos quarterback Jay Cutler threw an incomplete pass. Replays clearly showed it was a fumble, but the play was previously not reviewable.
- Emmitt Smith rule: A player cannot remove his helmet while on the field of play, except in the case of obvious medical difficulty. A violation is treated as unsportsmanlike conduct. Enacted in 1997. The Dallas Cowboys running back was the most high-profile player who celebrated in this manner immediately after scoring a touchdown.
- Fran Tarkenton rule: A line judge was added as the sixth official to ensure that a back was indeed behind the line of scrimmage before throwing a forward pass. Enacted in 1965 in response to Tarkenton, who frequently scrambled around in the backfield from one side to the other.
- Greg Pruitt rule: Tear-away jerseys became illegal starting in 1979. Pruitt purposely wore flimsy jerseys that ripped apart in the hands of would-be tacklers. Such a jersey was most infamously seen in a 1978 game between the Rams and Oilers in which Earl Campbell's jersey ripped apart after several missed tackles.
- Hines Ward rule: The blocking rule makes illegal a blindside block if it comes from the blocker's helmet, forearm or shoulder and lands to the head or neck area of the defender. Enacted in 2009 after the Pittsburgh Steelers receiver broke Cincinnati linebacker Keith Rivers's jaw while making such a block during the previous season.
- Jerome Bettis rule: Enacted in 1999, the rule states all calls for coin flips will occur before the referee tosses the coin in the air, and at least two officials will be present during the coin toss. This is in response to a call considered one of the "worst in history." In a Thanksgiving Day game with the Detroit Lions on November 26, 1998, Bettis was sent out as the Steelers' representative for the overtime coin toss. Bettis appeared to call "tails" while the coin was in the air but referee Phil Luckett declared that Bettis called "heads" and awarded possession to Detroit, who would go on to win the game before Pittsburgh had the chance to have possession.
- Jim Schwartz rule: Modifying the "no-challenge" rule adopted prior to the 2012 season to eliminate the automatic "no-review" penalty when a coach challenges a play that is subject to automatic review by the replay booth (turnovers, scoring plays, and any play inside of the two-minute warning). This change was prompted after the 2012 Thanksgiving Day game when Detroit Lions' head coach Jim Schwartz threw a challenge flag on a play where replay clearly showed Houston Texans' running back Justin Forsett's knee touched the ground, but was able to get up and score a touchdown. Due to the way the rule was written at the time the penalty for the errant challenge prevented the play from being reviewed. Under the revised rule teams will be charged a time-out (or an unsportsmanlike conduct penalty if the team is out of time-outs) when a coach throws a challenge flag on a booth-reviewable play, but the play will still be reviewed if the replay booth believes a review is necessary.
- Ken Stabler rule: On fourth down at any time in the game or any down in the final two minutes of a half, if a player fumbles forward, only the fumbling player can recover and/or advance the ball. If that player's teammate recovers the ball, it is placed back at the spot of the fumble. A defensive player can recover and advance at any time of play. Enacted in 1979 in response to the 1978 "Holy Roller" play that resulted in a last-minute game-winning touchdown over San Diego, in which Oakland Raiders quarterback Stabler fumbled the ball forward, and tight end Dave Casper eventually performed a soccer-like dribble before falling on it in the end zone.
- Lester Hayes rule: No Stickum allowed. Enacted in 1981 in response to the Oakland Raiders defensive back, who used the sticky substance to improve his grip.
- Lou Groza rule: No artificial medium to assist in the execution of a kick. Enacted in 1956 in response to Groza, who used tape and later a special tee with a long tail to help him guide his foot to the center spot of the football.
- Mel Blount rule: Officially known as illegal use of hands, defensive backs can only make contact with receivers within five yards of the line of scrimmage. Enacted in its current form in 1978. While playing for the Pittsburgh Steelers, defensive back Blount frequently used physical play against receivers he was covering.
- Mel Renfro rule: Allows a second player on the offense to catch a tipped ball, without a defender subsequently touching it. Enacted in 1978. One of the first high-profile "victims" of the old rule was Dallas Cowboys defensive back Renfro in Super Bowl V; his tip of a pass allowed the Baltimore Colts' John Mackey to legally catch the ball and run in for a 75-yard touchdown.
- NaVorro Bowman rule: Enacted in 2014, this rule subjects plays in which a loose ball has been recovered to instant replay. Named for Bowman, who during an incident in the previous season's NFC Championship Game recovered a fumble after the officials had blown the play dead.
- Neil Smith rule: Prevents a defensive lineman from flinching to induce a false start penalty on the offense. Enacted in 1998. Smith had frequently used that technique while playing for both the Kansas City Chiefs and the Denver Broncos.
- Phil Dawson rule: Certain field goals can be reviewed by instant replay, including kicks that bounce off the uprights. Under the previous system, no field goals could be replayed. Enacted in 2008 in response to an unusual field goal by the Cleveland Browns kicker in a 2007 game against Baltimore: the ball first bounced off the left upright, then back onto the rear curved post (stanchion), then back out over the crossbar and into the end zone, in front of the goalpost. It was initially ruled by the officials as "no good", but was reversed "upon discussion".
- Red Grange rule: Prohibits college football players from signing with NFL teams until after their college class had graduated. The rule was enacted after Red Grange and Ernie Nevers joined the Chicago Bears and Duluth Eskimos, respectively, immediately after their final college football games in 1925.
- Ricky (Williams) rule: Rule declared that hair could not be used to block part of the uniform from a tackler and, therefore, an opposing player could be tackled by his hair. Enacted in 2003. Rule was so-named after running back Williams' long dread-locks.
- (Dan) Rooney Rule: Requires teams to interview minority candidates for a head coaching opportunity. Enacted in 2003. Pittsburgh Steelers owner Rooney was a major proponent of such a change.
- Roy Williams rule: No horse-collar tackles. Enacted in 2005 after the Dallas Cowboys safety broke Terrell Owens's ankle and Musa Smith's leg on horse-collar tackles during the previous season.
- Shawne Merriman rule: Bans any player from playing in the Pro Bowl if he tests positive for using a performance-enhancing drug during that season. Enacted in 2007 after the San Diego Chargers linebacker played at the 2007 Pro Bowl after testing positive and serving a four-game suspension during the preceding season.
- Steelers rule: The details have yet to be finalized, but the NFL has announced that in coming seasons, not just players, but teams could face fines if a series of illegal hits is seen from any particular organization. The rule has been met with significant criticisms, understandably from the Steelers organization, and from others that fear the new rules will dampen the spirit of the game and make professional football "too soft".
- Steve Tasker rule: On punt returns, gunners receive a 15-yard unsportsmanlike conduct penalty for deliberately running out of bounds to avoid blocks, a tactic frequently used by Tasker before the rule was implemented.
- Tom Brady rule: A clarification to the Carson Palmer rule; prohibits a defender on the ground from lunging or diving at a quarterback's legs unless that defender has been blocked or fouled into the signal-caller. Enacted in 2009 in response to a play by Kansas City Chiefs safety Bernard Pollard, who on the ground sacked Brady and injured the Patriots quarterback's MCL and ACL, sidelining him for the rest of the 2008 season.
- Tom Dempsey rule: Any shoe that is worn by a player with an artificial limb on his kicking leg must have a kicking surface that conforms to that of a normal kicking shoe. Enacted in 1977. Dempsey, who was born without toes on his right foot and no right arm, wore a modified shoe with a flattened and enlarged toe surface, generating controversy about whether such a shoe gave him an unfair advantage kicking field goals. Dempsey's game-winning 63-yard field goal in 1970 was the longest in NFL history until the Denver Broncos' Matt Prater kicked a 64-yard field goal on December 8, 2013.
- Ty Law rule (also known as the Rodney Harrison rule): Enacted in 2004, placed more emphasis on the Mel Blount rule. Enacted after Law, Harrison, and the rest of the New England Patriots defense utilized an aggressive coverage scheme, involving excessive jamming of wide receivers at the line of scrimmage, in the 2003 AFC championship game against the Indianapolis Colts.
- Baltimore Triangle: The mid-field logo at M&T Bank Stadium of the Baltimore Ravens. It is named so because the mid-field shield logo of the Ravens is shaped like a triangle and their defense "makes offenses disappear" when opposing teams take snaps from that area.
- Battle of the Bays: Nickname given to any game held between the Green Bay Packers and the Tampa Bay Buccaneers.
- Battle of the Beltway: Nickname given to any game held between the Washington Redskins and the Baltimore Ravens.
- Boise Rule: A rule instituted by the NFL in 2011 banning non-green playing surfaces. "Boise" refers to Albertsons Stadium (then known as Bronco Stadium), the home field of Boise State University, famous for its blue playing surface. The rule was viewed as a reaction to potential sponsor influence, as no NFL team had considered adopting a non-green surface.
- The Duke: A nickname for the late Wellington Mara, longtime owner of the New York Giants. The nickname stems from the Duke of Wellington, an actual English hereditary title. This nickname was extended to the official game ball used by the NFL "The Duke" named in honor of Mr. Mara. To this day one can notice the moniker "THE DUKE." branded into every official NFL football just to the left of the NFL Shield. (In Denver, the same nickname was given to quarterback John Elway, after a teammate noticed that his walk to the huddle before The Drive in 1987 looked like John Wayne's.)
- Harbaugh Bowl: Rare games when brothers John and Jim Harbaugh, both NFL head coaches, met as opponents, which included Super Bowl XLVII, the first Super Bowl in which brothers were opposing coaches. The games have also been given nicknames like the "HarBowl".
- Ickey Shuffle: Dance done by Cincinnati Bengals running back Ickey Woods whenever he scored a touchdown. Woods was forced to move the dance to the sidelines behind the Bengals' bench after officials starting penalizing him for unsportsmanlike conduct.
- K-Gun: Nickname referring to the no-huddle offense used by the Buffalo Bills with quarterback Jim Kelly during the late 1980s and early to mid-1990s.
- Lambeau Leap: During home games at Lambeau Field, some players from the Green Bay Packers would leap into the stands after scoring a touchdown. Originally created by LeRoy Butler, it was made popular by Robert Brooks. Players in other stadiums imitate the leap.
- The Legend of Kiko Alonso: Humorous anecdotes about linebacker Kiko Alonso, done in the style of Chuck Norris facts.
- Lights out: Dance by linebacker Shawne Merriman after he gets a sack.
- Manning Bowl: Rare games when quarterback brothers Peyton (formerly of the Indianapolis Colts, now with the Denver Broncos) and Eli Manning (New York Giants) met as opponents.
- Miami Pound Machine: Nickname for the 1980s Dolphins defense, named in honor of Gloria Estefan's group "Miami Sound Machine". Gloria and her manager-husband Emilio Estefan would become minority owners of the 'Phins before the 2009 season.
- Miami Vise: Also a Dolphins defense nickname, after the TV show Miami Vice.
- Mile High Salute: A touchdown celebration used by Denver Broncos running back Terrell Davis during his playing career, in which he would salute his fellow teammates (and sometimes the fans). A simplified variant (including only the salute portion) has been used by Broncos players ever since.
- No Fun League: Used by various reports criticizing the league for its sanctions imposed on teams. Popularized by the XFL.
- Sack Dance: New York Jets defensive end Mark Gastineau was nationally famous for doing his signature "Sack Dance" after sacking an opposing quarterback. However, he had to stop when the NFL declared it "unsportsman like taunting" in March 1984 and began fining players for it. The ban on the Sack Dance stemmed from a 1983 game against the Los Angeles Rams, when Gastineau and Rams Pro Football Hall of Fame offensive tackle Jackie Slater got into a fight following a Gastineau sack of Rams quarterback Vince Ferragamo.
- Tebowing: A pose imitating Tim Tebow's stance when praying; Tebow, a devout Christian, is often seen in prayer. Tebow has been indifferent to those who have used the pose to mock him, but has praised those who have done it out of respect for his faith.
- Terrible Towel: a banner conceived by the late Myron Cope (long time Steeler commentator) used by fans of the Pittsburgh Steelers to cheer for their team, consisting of a yellow towel with the words "Terrible Towel" in black, to be waved in the air. The Carolina Panthers also began a spin-off known as the "Growl Towel". Also spoofed by the Packers following their third Super Bowl victory as the "Title Towel". Similar traditions have also started in other sports, as Towel Power used by the Vancouver Canucks of the National Hockey League and the Homer Hanky used by Major League Baseball's Minnesota Twins.
- Derrick Thomas Rule: Because of the deceased player's Pro Football Hall of Fame induction included speeches by both the general manager of the Kansas City Chiefs and his son ran long, the Hall of Fame prohibits deceased players' family or teams from making speeches for the deceased member.
- WGCL Rule: Each NFL team has 14 games assigned to the network within their conference, with the two interconference home games assigned to the network of the visiting team's conference. In theory, Fox should carry at least one game during the season featuring each of the 16 AFC teams, and CBS should carry at least one game of the season featuring each of the 16 NFC teams. The Atlanta Falcons had both home games against AFC teams (airing on CBS) moved to NBC and ESPN, respectively, which in effect hurt WGCL, the CBS affiliate in Atlanta. The NFL made television rule changes in 2014 to permit networks to "cross-flex" the games during the new flexible schedule rules to protect its affiliates, as WGCL has struggled in the Atlanta market against established network affiliates because of its former independent status prior to the 1994 television realignment (Atlanta is one of three major NFL markets where CBS was severely demoted in the 1994 realignment), was beaten handily by WAGA during the season in ratings. Ironically, WGCL was a station that benefited from such a cross-flex during the 2014 season, as the home game against the Carolina Panthers, a Fox game, was assigned to CBS. The Week 17 game, which was a winner take all game for the NFC South, was assigned to CBS so Fox could keep the NFC North games that had playoff implications.
- Tuesday Morning Quarterback#"TMQ" team nicknames
- Lists of nicknames – nickname list articles on Wikipedia
- "New Orleans Ain't the Aints No More". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- "Celebrating "Air Coryell"". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- "NFL Films: The Dallas Cowboys". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- "Sports E-Cyclopedia". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- "A look back at the many New York Giant handles, aliases, and nicknames". Retrieved 2015-03-17.
- "Sports E-Cyclopedia History of the NY Giants". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- "The Best NFL Defensive Unit Nicknames". Bleacher Report. 2010-08-07. Retrieved 2012-10-04.
- Roth, Leo. Bills East vs. Bills West. Rochester Democrat and Chronicle. 23 October 2001.
- Banks, Don. AFC is where all the action is lately. SI.com. 19 October 2001.
- "Even online, you can hear Eagles fans boo". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- "Steelers' D making a name for itself". Archived from the original on November 1, 2005. Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- NFL Team Nicknames-Good, Bad, Old, New https://foreshock.wordpress.com/origin-of-nfl-teams-1922-present/nfl-team-nicknames-goodbadoldnew/title= NFL Team Nicknames-Good, Bad, Old, New Check
|url=scheme (help). Retrieved 2015-03-17. Missing or empty
- Goldstein, Richard (2001-09-19). "Tank Younger, 73, First Star From Black College to Play in N.F.L., Dies". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-07-25.
- "Houston Texans Blog". Retrieved 2011-12-04.
- "Cincinnati Bungles". Jason La Canfora (Washington Post). Retrieved 2007-11-01.
- "Cardinal Chronicle XX". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- "NFL Playoffs Begin with Wild Card Weekend". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- "Carolina's Unforgettable 2003 Season". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- "Leftwich, Cardiac Jags Stun Kansas City". Retrieved 2007-12-17.
- "Da Bears Fan Blog". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- "Sports E-Cyclopedia History of the Atlanta Falcons". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- The Dome Patrol
- "Sports E-Cyclopedia History of the Dallas Cowboys". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- "New York Giants Backfield Nickname". nj.com. September 2008.
- "November in Buffalo Bills History". Archived from the original on December 6, 2006. Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- "Pats embrace image as new Evil Empire". Mike Celizic. MSNBCj. 2007-09-17. Retrieved 2008-01-20.
- "Don Shula on Patriots: 'the Spygate Thing Has Diminished What They've Accomplished'". Michael David Smith. AOL Sports. 2007-11-06. Retrieved 2008-01-29.
- "Sports E-Cyclopedia History of the LA Rams". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- "Strahan re-signs with G-Men". Archived from the original on July 21, 2006. Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- "Where Are They Now? William Thomas". Archived from the original on March 17, 2006. Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- "New York Jets Fan Site". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- "Rams Greatest Show or Turf Toe". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- "Pyros cannot escape Lyons den". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- NFL Top 10 Single Season Performances: Gritz Blitz
- Kawakami, Tim (1992-09-02). "FOOTBALL DAILY REPORT : RAMS : Just Call Him 'Air Chuck'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2010-05-08.
- "Patriots 4-1 at bye; return to action Oct. 22". Retrieved 2008-01-30.
- "Joe Bugel". Archived from the original on 2006-12-31. Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- "Sports E-Cyclopedia History of the Cleveland Browns". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- "Sports E-Cyclopedia History of the Miami Dolphins". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- CJOnline Blogs - Martyball: The way it's played
- "The Cards' dream season in '47". History Release (Pro Football Hall of Fame). Retrieved 2010-09-03.
- Tameta, Andre. "San Francisco's Million Dollar Backfield: The 49ers' Fabulous Foursome". Bleacher Report. Retrieved 2010-09-03.
- Dodd, Mike (2005-11-11). "Monsters of the Midway finally Bearing (sic) their teeth". USA Today. Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- The Wall Street Journal, 31 October 2009
- "Sack Exchange Had a Brief, but Glorious, Run". Archived from the original on December 15, 2006. Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- New York Newsday, December 8, 2002, page 38, Jets Confidential Magazine, Vol 10, Num. 16, page 23 Time to Take Stock Of Sack Exchange / Defensive unit considers its place in history
- "Flashback: Playing to perfection". Archived from the original on November 15, 2005. Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- "Gehrke helped build "Orange Crush"". Archived from the original on December 10, 2006. Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- "'72 Redskins haven't lost their spirit". Archived from the original on December 14, 2006. Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- "New England: Patsies No More". Time. 1976-10-18. Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- "Buccaneers Cheerleading". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- "Purple People Eaters". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- "Sack Pack". Retrieved 2010-09-23.
- "Upon further review: Week 13". Archived from the original on January 14, 2007. Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- "San Diego Super Chargers Song". Archived from the original on October 11, 2007. Retrieved 2007-11-01.
- "San Diego Super Chargers". Retrieved 2007-11-01.
- "Sports E-Cyclopedia History of the Pittsburgh Steelers". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- "JT-SW NFL Scores and Records". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- "The Daily News Online". Retrieved 01-09-2008. Check date values in:
- http://espn.go.com/blog/new-york/jets/post/_/id/31061/fans-name-d-line-the-sons-of-anarchy. Missing or empty
- Eskenazi, Gerald (1989-01-17). "SUPER BOWL XXIII; Bengals Hope Defense Will Stay Offensive". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-05-08.
- "Denver Broncos: Elway – Through the Years: 1987". Retrieved 2007-01-12.
- "Sports E-cyclopedia: Dallas Cowboys, see 2005". Retrieved 2007-03-15.
- "Cardinal Chronicle XI". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- "Tampa Bay 25 San Diego 17". Retrieved 2007-10-23.
- Smith, Katherine; Keith Morelli (January 24, 2008). "Bucs' Alstott 'Sad To Be Walking Away'". Tampa Tribune. Retrieved 19 November 2009.
- "Green, Monk Selected to NFL Hall of Fame". Washington Redskins. Archived from the original on June 22, 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-04.
- "At 216 Games, Green Does His Energizer Imitation". Washington Post. 1998-08-03. Retrieved 2007-12-06.
- "Adrian Peterson, Ex-Oklahoma Running Back". CNN. 2007-02-20. Retrieved 2010-05-08.
- "The "Amish Rifle" Shaves the Beard". YNN. 2011-03-01. Retrieved 2010-05-08.
- Bauer, Ted. "Six Click: Devin Hester". ESPN The Magazine. Retrieved 19 November 2009.
- Carillo, David. "Jack Tatum #32 The man, the legend, the "Assassin"". Raiderdrive.com. Retrieved 4 September 2011.
- "HALL OF FAMERS - Lance Alworth". Retrieved 2010-10-30.
- Caple, Christian. Beast Mode goes Speak Mode, optimistic about Seahawks running game. Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved October 10, 2011.
- "Official Site of Ben Roethlisberger". Retrieved 2008-08-04.
- Thomas, Jim (October 15, 2009). "A big deal, even in teal". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. Retrieved 19 November 2009.
- "His Hugeness : Ohio State's Dan Wilkinson, All 308 Pounds of Him, Is Fulfilling Family Responsibility as NFL's Top Draft Prospect". LA Times. April 22, 1994. Retrieved October 22, 2014.
- Brown, Scott (August 19, 2007). "What's in a Steelers' nickname". Pittsburgh Tribune-Review. Retrieved 19 November 2009.
- "Phil Robertson and Terry Bradshaw to Attend Thursday's Football Game". September 11, 2013. Retrieved October 22, 2014.
- "Per WWL". wwl. December 16, 2009. Retrieved December 1, 2012.
- "CNNSI.com - Pro Football - Ex-Olympic star, Cowboy Bob Hayes dies - Friday September 20, 2002 02:32 AM". Sportsillustrated.cnn.com. Retrieved 2012-10-04.
- D. Orlando Ledbetter (October 3, 2013). "Falcons miss RB Michael "The Burner" Turner in the red zone". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved October 22, 2014.
- Schudel, Matt (December 3, 1989). "Butch & Sundance The Miami Dolphins' Jim Kiick And Larry Csonka Have Gone Separate Ways Since They Ambled Into Miami 21 Years Ago On Their Way To Forging One Of The Greatest Football Teams Ever.". The Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved October 22, 2014.
- "Official Site of Jerome Bettis". Retrieved 2007-12-09.
- "NFL's best current-player nicknames". May 6, 2010. Retrieved December 13, 2014.
- Edwards, Trent (May 6, 2010). "Captain Checkdown Has A Sidekick In Spiller". Retrieved October 29, 2010.
- Wise, Mike (January 7, 2006). "Captain Chaos Enjoying the Ride". Washington Post. Retrieved October 22, 2014.
- "Dallas Cowboys legend Roger Staubach & original Captain Comeback sees same genius in Eli Manning". New York Daily News. October 27, 2012. Retrieved October 22, 2014.
- Cris Carter
- Walters, John (October 16, 2013). "Where Have You Gone, Concrete Charlie?". Newsweek. Retrieved October 22, 2014.
- Ross, J.R. (January 28, 2004). "Elroy 'Crazy Legs' Hirsch dies at age 80". USA Today. Retrieved October 22, 2014.
- "Player On The Spot: Chris Chandler". Chicago Tribune. September 10, 1999. Retrieved October 22, 2014.
- Mifflin, Lawrie (September 11, 1982). "SCOUTING; Crunch Bunch". New York Times. Retrieved October 22, 2014.
- "No Debate: Best Nickname". SB Nation. December 8, 2012. Retrieved October 22, 2014.
- Lawrence, Andrew (February 11, 2009). "The Eyes Of The Storm". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 19 November 2009.
- "Talking Peace and Pork Chops". Time. 1984-01-23. Retrieved 2008-01-30.
- "Former Raiders cornerback 'Skip' Thomas dies". San Jose Mercury News. July 25, 2011. Retrieved October 22, 2014.
- Skurski, Jay (October 12, 2011). Moats is back in his comfort zone. The Buffalo News. Retrieved October 12, 2011.
-  Double Trouble's official website
- "Time to put fantasy into trades". Retrieved 2009-11-18.
- Rosaforte, Tim (January 20, 1985). "Secondary To None Hicks & Licks May Be League`s Best, And They`re Out To Prove It". Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved October 22, 2014.
- "Seahawks add Edge to running game". Retrieved 2010-06-19.
- LaPointe, Joe (September 15, 2008). "Three Elements Fuse in Giants’ Backfield". New York Times. Retrieved 19 November 2009.
- "Willie Parker Wants To Be A Steeler Again". CBS Pittsburgh. May 13, 2011. Retrieved October 22, 2014.
- Skutch, Jan (August 5, 2013). "Artie "Fatso" Donovan - gone but never forgotten". Savannah Morning News. Retrieved October 22, 2014.
- Jung, Alyssa. Bills Fall to Bengals. The Huffington Post. Retrieved October 10, 2011. "It's not uncommon for a team to score a sensational cover like the Bills did last week (words like STAMPEDE and FitzMagic were used) and then have a [nearly avoided it] loss befall them."
- "Nike Launches Jerry Rice Tribute Shoe". NBC Bay Area. April 10, 2014. Retrieved October 22, 2014.
- "Steelers' Troy Polamalu: The Samoan Headhunter". Retrieved 2011-10-05.
- Long, Mark (September 1, 2011). "Fred Taylor retiring after 13 seasons, 1 Pro Bowl". The Washington Times. Retrieved October 22, 2014.
- "Randy Moss: Straight Cash". The New Yorker. August 3, 2011. Retrieved October 22, 2014.
- Sin, Ben (February 7, 2014). "Jevon Kearse to Compete in Dominican Poker Tournament". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved October 22, 2014.
- YouTube - B.J Raji TD vs Bears and funny celebration-NFC Championship
- "Sooooey". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- "Red "The Galloping Ghost" Grange bio". College Football Hall of Fame. Retrieved 20 November 2009.
- Rosenblatt, Richard (October 7, 2011). Le'Veon Bell Earns New Nickname. Fantasy Football Draft Boards. Retrieved July 11, 2015. "juice... That's the nickname Coach T and my teammates gave me... and I really like it a lot.. I needed a sweet nickname! "
- "Hall of Famer Q&A with Gale Sayers". Pro Football Hall of Fame. 2001-12-06. Retrieved 2010-07-18.
- "Jim Kelly:NFL Hall-of-Fame Quarterback". Big Speak.com. Retrieved 10 September 2010.
- "Top Ten Not in HOF: Alex Karras". NFL.com. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
- "By any name, 'Marion the Barbarian' a vital part of Cowboys offense".
- "Miami Dolphins to Honor Marks Brothers". Retrieved 2007-06-04.
- Rosenblatt, Richard (October 7, 2011). CJohnson, Sproles, Hester among most explosive. Associated Press. Retrieved October 10, 2011. "Calvin Johnson, wr, Lions: First, the 6-foot-5, 236-pounder leaped over three defenders for an acrobatic 23-yard TD that pulled Detroit within 30-24, then leaped maybe even higher on 2-yarder scoring pass with 1:39 left that completed a 34-30 comeback over the Cowboys. So now, "Megatron" is in the NFL history books as the first player with two TD catches in each of the first four games of a season."
- "Julian Edelman has a new nickname: Minitron".
- "Former Chicago Bears Steve "Mongo" McMichael said he's running for mayor - ESPN Chicago". Espn.go.com. 2012-08-16. Retrieved 2012-10-04.
- Merten, Sam (2010-12-30). "Top 10 Best Draft Picks of the Jerry Jones Era - Dallas - Sports - Sportatorium". Blogs.dallasobserver.com. Retrieved 2012-10-04.
- "Michael Irvin: 2007 Hall of Fame enshrinement speech". Retrieved 2008-06-18.
- "Washington Redskins: Skill Positions". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- "No. 16: Deion played his way into 'Prime Time'". Brent Jones (USA Today). 2007-06-30. Retrieved 2008-01-29.
- Dabney, Shaneika. "Heartwarming Children's Book Based on Saints' Marques Colston". Huffington Post. Retrieved 2011-01-10.
- "Then & Now: William "The Refrigerator" Perry". CNN. 2005-06-19. Retrieved 2008-01-29.
- "NYC mayor Michael Bloomberg changes Manhattan to Revis Island". Sports Illustrated. 2010-01-22. Retrieved 2010-01-23.[dead link]
- "Upon Further Review: Coach Reid's Monday Recap". KCChiefs.com. 2013-12-16. Retrieved 2014-11-16.
- "The Sheriff: Record-setting Peyton Manning breeds hope, faith, and confidence". Mike Revell. Mirror. Retrieved 2012-12-18.
- "Sixty minute man". Ron Flatter. ESPN. Retrieved 2007-12-17.
- "Has 'Smash and Dash' become 'Smash and Grab'?".
- "Jets rookie Damon Harrison earns nickname big snacks, motivated by rice krispie treats he won't eat". Retrieved 2015-03-17.
- "NFL Season Preview: Redskins". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- "Helping To Build New Minnesota Vikings Stadiums Since May 10, 2012". Retrieved 2012-06-25.
- "Jerry Richardson Happy With His Panthers". Retrieved 2012-01-10.
- ESPN Classic - Sweetness ran and ran and ran
- "Reid: Three-Headed Monster Part II?".
- "Bill Parcells "The Tuna"". chickenortuna.com. 1997. Retrieved 2010-07-27. "I think it goes back to my first time with the Patriots. There was an old commercial from StarKist with Charlie the StarKist tuna. So my players were trying to con me on something one time, and I said, 'You must think I'm Charlie the Tuna.'"
- Rose, Bryan (October 1, 2014). Kyle Orton looks like Uncle Rico from Napoleon Dynamite. FanSided (Sports Illustrated). Retrieved October 6, 2014.
- Schwartz, Larry. "Galloping Ghost scared opponents". ESPN. Retrieved 20 November 2009.
- "Bears broadcasters avoid excuses". Fred Mitchell (Chicago Tribune). 2007-11-15. Retrieved 2008-02-11.
- "Adios, Sombrero". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- "Raymond James Stadium". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- "Black Hole: Just Scare 'Em, Baby". The San Francisco Chronicle. 2001-01-11. Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- "Dawg Pound". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- "YouTube - The Factory Of Sadness (A Cleveland Browns Fan's Reaction To Today's Game Against Houston)".
- "Sports E-Cyclopedia History of the Green Bay Packers". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- "Chapter 12: The House of Pain". Retrieved 2007-01-18. Note that in rugby union circles, the nickname refers to Carisbrook, a stadium in Dunedin, New Zealand.
- "Bills Fan Tribute". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- "Patriots Season Predictions". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- "Buffalo Bills Ticket Seating Chart". Archived from the original on January 13, 2007. Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- "Memories not all bad for this vet of the Vet". Archived from the original on December 5, 2005. Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- "The Glory of Titletown". Retrieved 2007-01-12.
- "The 12th Man".
- Seahawks, A&M resolve '12th man' dispute - NFL - ESPN
- "Letter to the 49ers Faithful". Archived from the original on September 28, 2007. Retrieved 2007-03-16.
- "Bills Backers United – Fan Site". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- Bills Elvis
- "Official Raider Nation Site". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- "BooBirds trademark info site". Retrieved 2012-12-31.
- "Official Cheesehead Site". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- Argetsinger, Amy; Roberts, Roxanne (2007-09-14). "Super-Fan Chief Zee's Heartfelt Comfort to the Enemy". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2008-11-05.
- "Official Here's to you, New York". Retrieved 2008-11-05.[dead link]
- "Franco's Italian Army Fan Site". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- Michael Bradley (2006-01-27). "Legendary Steelers owner forged a blue-collar legacy". SeattlePI.com. Retrieved 2008-12-12.
- "Official Hogettes Site". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- Gola, Hank (October 16, 2011). Buffalo Bills, off to a 4–1 start and ready for NY Giants Sunday, have fans & players thinking big
- "Oakland Raiders -- Fans". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- "Pittsburgh Steelers Nation Site". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved 2007-11-25.
- "Video of SuperSkin dancing". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- "About.com Article about the Who Dat's". Retrieved 2007-10-25.
- "Buccaneers.com - The Answer Man, Series 3, Vol. 7". 2006-01-16. Retrieved 2006-07-07.
- "Hair length proposal delayed until May; defensive helmet radios approved". ESPN. 2008-04-01. Retrieved 2008-04-01.
- "Rules of the Name, or How The Emmitt Rule Became the Emmitt Rule". Professional Football Researchers Association. Archived from the original on 2007-12-11. Retrieved 2009-03-31.
- "Calvin Johnson catch: Another silly NFL rule". SFGate. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
- ESPN.com: NFL votes to rein in TD celebrations, by John Clayton. Retrieved on 18 August 2012.
- Pasquarelli, Len (2001-07-20). "CBA inertia? It's a first-rounder's main problem". ESPN.com. Retrieved 2006-07-07.
- "NFL adopts 'Hochuli rule' to make loose balls reviewable". USA Today. March 26, 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-30.
- "Raider Rules". raidershistory.net. 2007-02-21. Retrieved 2007-10-13.
- Bouchette, Ed (March 24, 2009). "NFL approves 'Hines Ward rule'". Post-Gazette. Retrieved September 28, 2009.
- "The Jerome Bettis Coin Flip Game". Bleacher Report. 2009-09-15. Retrieved 2011-09-02.
- "The List: Worst calls in history". ESPN.com "Page 2". 2001. Retrieved 2011-09-02.
- Rosenthal, Gregg (March 20, 2013). "NFL rule changes cause controversy, draw ire". NFL.com. Archived from the original on March 26, 2014. Retrieved March 26, 2014.
- Garafolo, Mike (November 23, 2012). "Giants owner wants challenge rule reviewed (and changed)". USA Today. Archived from the original on March 26, 2014. Retrieved March 26, 2014.
- "2013 Official Playing Rules of the National Football League" (PDF). National Football League. 2013. p. 3. Archived from the original on March 26, 2014. Retrieved March 26, 2014.
- DeFazio, Tony (2007-01-27). "Up Close with Mel Blount". Pittsburgh Sports Report. Retrieved 2007-02-03.
- Corbett, Jim (March 27, 2014). New NFL rules include more fumble reviews, higher goalposts. USA Today. Retrieved March 27, 2014.
- Goldberg, Dave (1998-03-26). "Upon further review, replay is dead --again". SouthCoastToday.com. Retrieved 2006-10-02.
- Freeman, Mike (1998-03-29). "PRO FOOTBALL: NOTEBOOK; Now They All Want To Be in Cleveland". The New York Times. Retrieved 2006-10-02.
- "Owners table re-seeding playoffs proposal; pass other rules". ESPN.com. 2008-04-01. Retrieved 2008-04-01.
- Chris Willis (2003). "Joe Carr VisionU" (PDF). Coffin Corner (Professional Football Researchers Association) 25 (5): 1–3.
- Wickersham, Seth (2008-03-27). "Hair today, gone tomorrow?". ESPN The Magazine. Retrieved 2008-03-28.
- Thanks to Rooney Rule, Doors Opened
- Gosselin, Rick (2005-05-26). "'Roy Williams Rule' passed by NFL owners". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved 2006-07-07.[dead link]
- Klis, Mike (2007-02-07). "Chargers LB supports the "Merriman Rule"". Denver Post. Retrieved 2007-02-28.
- "NFL Announces "The Steelers Rule"". NBC DFW. 2011-05-25. Retrieved 2011-09-02.
- Bell, Jarrett (2011-05-25). "NFL seeks to hold teams accountable for flagrant fouls". USA Today. Retrieved 2011-09-02.
- "'Steelers Rule' will make NFL too soft". Fox Sports. 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-09-02.
- Graham, Tim (2010-12-14). "Steve Tasker on Sal Alosi uproar: So what?". NFL Nation Blog (ESPN.com). Retrieved 2013-09-10.
- Gasper, Christopher L. (March 24, 2009). "Brady rule: Steps taken to protect QBs' knees". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 2010-09-21.
- "Rules of the Name, or How the Emmitt Rule Became the Emmitt Rule,". Professional Football Researchers Association
- "Official NFL Rulebook 2006" (PDF). See Rule 5, Section 3, Article 3 Paragraph (g)
- "NFL.com - Laying down the Law in New England". Retrieved 2006-07-07.[dead link]
- Rosenthal, Gregg (March 22, 2011). "There will be no blue NFL fields". Pro Football Talk. NBC Sports. Retrieved January 30, 2013.
- Heisler, Mark (January 27, 1988). "Go Deep! I'll Hit Ya' : John Elway: He's a Living Legend, on the Field and in Comic Books". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 13, 2014.
- Fendrich, Howard (January 21, 2013). "Harbaugh brothers take 49ers, Ravens to Super Bowl". Comcast SportsNet Chicago. Retrieved March 29, 2013.
- "Will the Ickey Shuffle Rise Again?". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- "Colts Attack Draws References to K-Gun". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- "Greatest Moments in Lambeau Field History". Archived from the original on April 19, 2005. Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- Kiko Alonso quickly wreaking havoc, becoming 'legend' as rookie with Buffalo Bills. Associated Press (October 2, 2013). Retrieved October 3, 2013.
- Traditions: Mile High Salute. Denver Broncos official Web site. Retrieved October 9, 2014.
- Kevin Fixler, Special to SI.com (2012-09-21). "NFL players taking to the trend of customized facemasks - NFL - SI.com". Sportsillustrated.cnn.com. Retrieved 2012-10-04.
- "Saints penalty: Since when NFL stand for 'No Fun League'? - Baltimore Sun". Articles.baltimoresun.com. 2012-03-23. Retrieved 2012-10-04.
- "Gastineau, King of Sack".
- Introducing Tebowing. It’s like planking, but dumber. Yahoo! Sports (October 27, 2011). Retrieved December 4, 2011.
- Tebow: 'Tebowing' craze a 'blessing'. Fox Sports (October 30, 2011). Retrieved December 4, 2011.
- "Terrible Towel Official Site". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- "Official Growl Towel". Retrieved 2008-12-24.