List of National Historic Landmarks in Louisiana
This is a complete list of National Historic Landmarks in Louisiana,.
The United States National Historic Landmark program is operated under the auspices of the National Park Service, and recognizes structures, districts, objects, and similar resources according to a list of criteria of national significance.
The state of Louisiana is home to 55 of these landmarks, spanning a range of history from early to modern times. The most recently designated is the St. Charles Streetcar Line, designated in August of 2014.
|National Historic Landmark|
|National Historic Landmark District|
National Historic Landmarks
|||Landmark name||Image||Date designated||Location||Parish||Description|
||St. Martin||Acadian house.|
||Orleans||One of the iconic buildings of Jackson Square|
|3||George Washington Cable House||
||Orleans||Garden District cottage home of author George Washington Cable.|
|4||Kate Chopin House||
||Natchitoches||Home of Kate Chopin, author of The Awakening, source for her writings on bayou life. It was destroyed by fire in 2008.|
|5||Courthouse and Lawyers' Row||
||East Feliciana||Built in the mid-19th century, this courthouse and five nearby law office buildings are examples of Greek Revival architecture.|
|6||DELUGE (Firefighting Tug)||
||Orleans||The DELUGE, a fireboat that served the Port of New Orleans, is an example of large fireboats found in major ports during the 1920s.|
|7||James H. Dillard House||
||Orleans||This was the home of James Hardy Dillard, an educator at Tulane University and director of the Slater Fund and Jeanes Foundation. Born in 1856, Dillard spent most of his life improving the education of blacks in the United States.|
||St. John the Baptist||Composed of 39 buildings, including a main house and slave quarters, Evergreen Plantation is a intact example of major plantation complexes found during the antebellum era of the Southern United States.|
|9||Fort De La Boulaye Site||
||Plaquemines||Fort De La Boulaye Site marks the location of a French fort built in 1700 after France took control of the mouth of the Mississippi River.|
||Plaquemines||Fort Jackson was constructed between 1822 and 1832. In April 1862, the fort was the site of the Battle of Forts Jackson and St. Philip, the decisive battle for control of New Orleans during the American Civil War.|
||Sabine||Fort Jesup was built in 1822 to help protect the western border between American and Spanish territories. Under the command of future U.S. President Zachary Taylor, soldiers at the fort monitored Texas as it passed from Spanish and Mexican control until the Mexican–American War in 1846.|
|12||Fort St. Philip||
||Orleans||Designed by James Gallier, Sr.|
||Orleans||Beautifully restored home designed by James Gallier, Jr.|
|16||Nicholas Girod House||
||Orleans||Home of Mayor Girod.|
|18||Homeplace Plantation House||
|20||USS KIDD (Destroyer)||
||East Baton Rouge|
|21||Lafitte's Blacksmith Shop||
|22||Longue Vue House and Gardens||
||Natchitoches||Los Adaes was the capital of Tejas, on the northeastern frontier of New Spain, from 1729 to 1770. It included a mission, San Miguel de los Adaes, and a presidio, Nuestra Senora del Pilar de Los Adaes (Our Lady of Pilar of the Adaes).|
|24||Louisiana State Bank Building||
|25||Louisiana State Capitol Building and Gardens||
||East Baton Rouge|
|26||Madame John's Legacy||
||Orleans||One of the few French Colonial-style houses in the Quarter to survive the city's great fires of the late 18th century, its name comes from a story by George Washington Cable.|
|29||Marksville Prehistoric Indian Site||
||Avoyelles||Archeological type site for Marksville culture.|
||Natchitoches||Black businesswoman Marie Thérèse Coincoin created this plantation, includes perhaps the first black-for-black-designed buildings in the United States.|
|31||Natchitoches Historic District||
||Natchitoches||Natchitoches is the oldest permanent settlement in the lower Mississippi River Valley, founded by the French in 1714 (four years before New Orleans).|
|32||New Orleans Cotton Exchange Building||
|33||Oak Alley Plantation||
|34||Old Louisiana State Capitol||
||East Baton Rouge||Innovatively designed by architect James H. Dakin, it is "Castellated Gothic".|
|35||Parlange Plantation House||
||East Feliciana||Port Hudson State Historic Site, an American Civil War battleground, the last Confederate stronghold on the Mississippi River. The Port Hudson National Cemetery is approximately six miles south, in East Baton Rouge Parish.|
|38||Poverty Point National Monument||
||Orleans||Iconic building on Jackson Square, planned in the 1790s during the Spanish colonial era as the twin of the Cabildo. Second floor wasn't completed until 1813, during early statehood, with the third floor added in the 1840s. Since 1911, the Presbytere has belonged to the Louisiana State Museum.|
|40||Jean Pierre Emmanuel Prud'homme Oakland Plantation||
|42||Saint Alphonsus Church||
|43||St. Charles Streetcar Line||
||Orleans||Most extensive streetcar line in the country; oldest continuously-operated light-rail line in the world|
|44||St. Mary's Assumption Church||
|45||St. Patrick's Church||
|46||San Francisco Plantation House||
||St. John the Baptist|
|48||Shreveport Municipal Memorial Auditorium||
|49||Shreveport Water Works Company, Pump Station||
||Caddo||An engineering landmark.|
|50||United States Customhouse||
|51||United States Court of Appeals—Fifth Circuit||
||Orleans||1909 courthouse was where many key court cases brought during the civil rights era were decided|
|52||United States Mint, New Orleans Branch||
||Orleans||Minted both gold and silver coinage during the antebellum years of the 19th century; also served briefly as a C.S.A. mint.|
|53||Old Ursuline Convent||
||Orleans||Convent established early in the colonial era by Ursuline nuns and New Orleans' oldest-surviving French Colonial building (1752).|
|54||Vieux Carre Historic District||
||Orleans||Meaning "Old Square," the original 18th-century town of New Orleans, laid out in a grid plan and known today as the French Quarter.|
|55||Edward Douglass White House||
||Lafourche||Home of Edward Douglass White, his home has been rumored to be haunted. They say who ever goes inside at exactly 11:00pm on December 8, comes out with almost no memory.|
Former National Historic Landmarks in Louisiana
|Landmark name||Image||Date designated||Date withdrawn||Locality||Parish||Description|
|1||DELTA QUEEN (River Steamboat)||June 29, 1989||relocated in 2009||New Orleans
||Orleans||River steamboat. She is now berthed at Chattanooga, Tennessee.|
|2||U.S.S. Cabot (CVL-28)||June 29, 1990||August 7, 2001||New Orleans||Orleans||Commissioned in 1943, The USS Cabot (CVL-28/AVT-3) was an Independence-class aircraft carrier in the United States Navy. From 1967-1989, she served in Spain as the Dédalo. A New Orleans-based museum foundation purchased the ship for restoration in 1990, but was unable to obtain sufficient funding. The Cabot was eventually scrapped and withdrawn as a Landmark on August 7, 2001.|
National Park Service areas in Louisiana
National Historic Sites and other National Park Service areas in Louisiana are:
- Cane River Creole National Historical Park
- Chalmette National Cemetery
- El Camino Real de los Tejas National Historic Trail
- Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve
- New Orleans Jazz National Historical Park
- Poverty Point National Monument
- Vicksburg National Military Park (also in Mississippi)
Poverty Point National Monument is listed as a National Park Service area although title for the site has not been transferred from Louisiana to the federal government. Otherwise, excepting the El Camino Real de los Tejas trail, these are federally-owned sites and enjoy higher protection than most National Historic Landmarks.
- List of National Historic Landmarks by state
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Louisiana
- Historic preservation
- National Register of Historic Places
- History of Louisiana
- National Park Service. "National Historic Landmarks Program: Questions and Answers". Retrieved 2007-09-21.
- Numbers represent an ordering by significant words. Various colorings, defined here, differentiate National Historic Landmarks and historic districts from other NRHP buildings, structures, sites or objects.
- The eight-digit number below each date is the number assigned to each location in the National Register Information System database, which can be viewed by clicking the number.
- "Acadian House". National Historic Landmarks Program. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-02-11.
- "Cabildo (The)". National Historic Landmarks Program. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-02-11.
- "Cable, George Washington, House". National Historic Landmarks Program. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-02-11.
- "Chopin, Kate, House". National Historic Landmarks Program. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-02-11.
- "Courthouse (The) and Lawyers' Row". National Historic Landmarks Program. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-02-11.
- "DELUGE (Firefighting Tug)". National Historic Landmarks Program. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-02-12.
- "Dillard, James H., Home". National Historic Landmarks Program. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-02-12.
- "James Hardy Dillard". The Journal of Negro History (Association for the Study of African-American Life and History, Inc.) 25 (4): 585–586. Oct 1940. JSTOR 2715156.
- "Evergreen Plantation". National Historic Landmarks Program. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-02-18.
- "Evergreen Plantation". National Register of Historic Places Travel Itinerary. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-02-18.
- "Fort De La Boulaye". National Historic Landmarks Program. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-02-20.
- "Fort Jackson". National Historic Landmarks Program. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-02-20.
- "Fort Jesup". National Historic Landmarks Program. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-02-20.
- "Fort Jesup". Cane River National Heritage Area: A National Register of Historic Places Travel Itinerary. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-04-20.
- National Park Service (June 2011). "National Historic Landmarks Survey: List of National Historic Landmarks by State" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-07-04..
- National Park Service. "National Historic Landmark Program: NHL Database". Retrieved 2007-08-14.
- National Park Service. "National Historic Landmark Program: NHL Database". Retrieved on various dates.
- "U.S.S. CABOT (CVL-28)". National Historic Landmarks Program. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-02-11.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to National Historic Landmarks in Louisiana.|
- "National Historic Landmarks Survey: List of National Historic Landmarks by State—Louisiana (53)" (PDF). National Park Service. Retrieved 2007-11-17.
- National Historic Landmarks Program, at National Park Service
- National Park Service listings of National Historic Landmarks