List of National Historic Landmarks in Montana

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The List of National Historic Landmarks in Montana contains the landmarks designated by the U.S. Federal Government for the U.S. state of Montana. There are 28 National Historic Landmarks (NHLs) in Montana.

The United States National Historic Landmark program is operated under the auspices of the National Park Service, and recognizes structures, districts, objects, and similar resources nationwide according to a list of criteria of national significance.[1] The Montana landmarks emphasize its frontier heritage, the passage of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, Montana's contributions to the national park movement, and other themes.

Three sites in Montana extend across the Idaho or North Dakota state line, and are listed by the National Park Service as Idaho NHLs or North Dakota NHLs.

[2] Landmark name Image Date designated[3] Location County Description
1 Bannack Historic District
Bannack, Montana. A well preserved ghost town.
July 4, 1961
45°09′40″N 112°59′44″W / 45.1611°N 112.9956°W / 45.1611; -112.9956 (Bannack Historic District)
Beaverhead Site of Montana's first major gold discovery in 1862, and served as the capital of Montana Territory briefly.[1]
2 Butte–Anaconda Historic District
Butte, Montana.
July 4, 1961
46°00′59″N 112°32′10″W / 46.01646°N 112.5361°W / 46.01646; -112.5361 (Butte–Anaconda Historic District)
Deer Lodge and Silver Bow One of the largest and most famous boomtowns in the American West; the district includes more than 6,000 contributing properties.[4]
3 Camp Disappointment
Camp Disappointment
May 23, 1966
48°35′57″N 112°47′53″W / 48.599167°N 112.798056°W / 48.599167; -112.798056 (Camp Disappointment)
Glacier Lewis and Clark Expedition site.[5]
4 Chief Joseph Battleground of Bear's Paw
Chief Joseph Battleground of Bear's Paw
June 7, 1988
48°22′39″N 109°12′34″W / 48.3775°N 109.20944°W / 48.3775; -109.20944 (Chief Joseph Battleground of Bear's Paw)
Blaine Site of the final engagement of the Nez Perce War.[6]
5 Chief Plenty Coups (Alek-Chea-Ahoosh) Home
House of Chief Plenty Coups at Chief Plenty Coups State Park.
January 20, 1999
45°25′35″N 108°32′54″W / 45.426389°N 108.54833°W / 45.426389; -108.54833 (Chief Plenty Coups (Alek-Chea-Ahoosh) Home)
Big Horn The 2-story house of Crow Nation chief Plenty Coups during 1884-1932, plus a log store and the Plenty Coups Spring.[7]
6 Deer Medicine Rocks
Deer Medicine Rocks
March 2, 2012
near Lame Deer
7 First Peoples Buffalo Jump
A sign saying "Welcome to First Peoples Buffalo Jump State Park" in script type with a drawing of a buffalo next to it in white on a brown background. Behind it are some buildings and a large rise in the earth.
July 21, 2015
47°28′46″N 111°31′27″W / 47.47946°N 111.52427°W / 47.47946; -111.52427 (First Peoples Buffalo Jump)
Cascade Believed to be the largest buffalo jump in North America, and maybe the world; possibly the most-utilized on the continent as well
8 Fort Benton Historic District
Missouri River as seen from historic district in Fort Benton
November 5, 1961
Fort Benton
47°49′10″N 110°40′11″W / 47.819444°N 110.6697°W / 47.819444; -110.6697 (Fort Benton Historic District)
Chouteau Established as a fur trading center in 1847, the fort prospered with the growth of steamboat traffic starting in 1859 and an 1862 gold strike, but declined with the advent of the railroad.[8]
9 Fort Union Trading Post
Fort Union Trading Post
July 4, 1961
Williston, North Dakota
47°59′58″N 104°02′26″W / 47.999444°N 104.040556°W / 47.999444; -104.040556 (Fort Union Trading Post)
Richland County, North Dakota and Roosevelt County, Montana Most important fur trading post on the upper Missouri until 1867. Visitors included John James Audubon, George Catlin, Father Pierre DeSmet, Sitting Bull, Karl Bodmer, and Jim Bridger.
10 Going-to-the-Sun Road
Going-to-the-Sun Road
February 18, 1997
Glacier National Park
48°44′00″N 113°46′00″W / 48.7333°N 113.76667°W / 48.7333; -113.76667 (Going-to-the-Sun Road)
Flathead and Glacier Main parkway through the heart of Glacier National Park.[2]
11 Grant-Kohrs Ranch
A split-rail fence and ranch buildings at Grant-Kohrs Ranch on a spring day, with grass in foreground and mountains behind.
December 19, 1960
Deer Lodge
46°24′30″N 112°44′22″W / 46.40833°N 112.73944°W / 46.40833; -112.73944 (Grant-Kohrs Ranch)
Powell John Grant, the original owner of the ranch, from 1853, is sometimes credited with founding the range-cattle industry in Montana. Conrad Kohrs, who bought the ranch c.1866, was among the foremost "cattle kings" of his era.[9]
12 Great Falls Portage
Great Falls Portage
May 23, 1966
Great Falls
47°31′52″N 111°09′05″W / 47.531111°N 111.151389°W / 47.531111; -111.151389 (Great Falls Portage)
Cascade The Lewis and Clark Expedition undertook an 18-mile, 31-day portage at Great Falls, one of the most difficult ordeals of their westward trip. The Great Falls Portage NHL is within Giant Springs State Park.[10]
13 Great Northern Railway Buildings
Great Northern Railway Buildings
May 28, 1987
Glacier National Park
48°46′05″N 113°46′11″W / 48.76812°N 113.76982°W / 48.76812; -113.76982 (Great Northern Railway Buildings)
Flathead and Glacier These lodges or associated buildings, dated c.1913-1915, represent European-style hostelries unique among NPS concessions. The landmark contains 5 building groups: Granite Park Chalet, Many Glacier Hotel, Sperry Chalet, Two Medicine Store, and Belton Chalet
14 Hagen Site
Hagen Site
July 19, 1964
Dawson An archeological site representing one of the Crow villages after the tribe had split from the Hidatsa on the Missouri River (c. 1550-1675); site has evidence of horticulture and diet.[11]
15 Lake McDonald Lodge
Interior of the great room in the Lake McDonald Lodge, showing unique chandeliers, massive rough wood construction, and mounted animal heads.
May 28, 1987
Glacier National Park
48°36′55″N 113°52′41″W / 48.61538°N 113.8781°W / 48.61538; -113.8781 (Lake McDonald Lodge)
Flathead A Swiss chalet-style hotel in Glacier National Park.[12]
16 Lemhi Pass
View from Lemhi Pass, eastward over the rolling, green, and partially wooded Bitterroot Mountains.
October 9, 1960
Tendoy, ID
44°58′29″N 113°26′41″W / 44.97472°N 113.444722°W / 44.97472; -113.444722 (Lemhi Pass)
head (MT)
and Lemhi, ID
See main listing under Idaho.
17 Lolo Trail
At the Idaho/Montana border
October 9, 1960
Lolo Hot Springs, MT
46°38′07″N 114°34′47″W / 46.635278°N 114.57972°W / 46.635278; -114.57972 (Lolo Trail)
Missoula, MT, Clear-
water, ID
, and Idaho, ID
18 Northeast Entrance Station
Log Northeast Entrance Station of Yellowstone National Park as one approaches by car.
May 28, 1987
Yellowst. National Park
45°00′10″N 110°00′33″W / 45.00281°N 110.0092°W / 45.00281; -110.0092 (Northeast Entrance Station)
Park Rustic entrance station built in 1935 that is a prime example of form fitting function, in Yellowstone National Park.
19 Pictograph Cave
Pictograph Cave
July 19, 1964
45°44′12″N 108°25′47″W / 45.73667°N 108.42972°W / 45.73667; -108.42972 (Pictograph Cave)
One of the key archeological sites used in determining the sequence of prehistoric occupation on the northwestern Plains. The deposits indicate occupation from 2600 BC to after 1800 AD.[13]
20 Pompey's Pillar
Pompey's Pillar, looking upward over the rocky slope and summit to the cloud-speckled sky.
July 23, 1965
Pompey's Pillar
45°59′43″N 108°00′20″W / 45.995278°N 108.00556°W / 45.995278; -108.00556 (Pompey's Pillar)
The massive natural block of sandstone was a major landmark on the Lewis and Clark Expedition. Clark's signature is carved on its surface.[14]
21 Rankin Ranch May 11, 1976
Avalanche Gulch, north of Townsend
46°37′46″N 111°34′11″W / 46.629412°N 111.569648°W / 46.629412; -111.569648 (Rankin Ranch)
Residence (1923–56) of Jeannette Rankin, first woman elected to U.S. House of Representatives (1916), had two terms 1917-19 & 1941-43, only member to oppose the declaration of war against Japan in 1941.[15]
22 Rosebud Battlefield-Where the Girl Saved Her Brother
Rosebud Battlefield-Where the Girl Saved Her Brother
October 6, 2008
45°13′17″N 106°59′21″W / 45.221389°N 106.989167°W / 45.221389; -106.989167 (Rosebud Battlefield-Where the Girl Saved Her Brother)
Big Horn Site of the Battle of the Rosebud[16]
23 Charles M. Russell House and Studio
Charles M. Russell House and Studio
December 21, 1965
Great Falls
47°30′35″N 111°17′09″W / 47.509650°N 111.285921°W / 47.509650; -111.285921 (Charles M. Russell House and Studio)
Cascade Home and studio of artist Charles M. Russell.[17]
24 Three Forks of the Missouri
Confluence of the Madison and Jefferson rivers at Three Forks, Montana
October 9, 1960
Three Forks
45°55′39″N 111°30′18″W / 45.9275°N 111.505°W / 45.9275; -111.505 (Three Forks of the Missouri)
Gallatin Captain William Clark of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, first European-American to visit this spot, concluded the Missouri River originated where the Three Forks joined.[18]
25 Travelers Rest
View to the northeast at Traveler's Rest
October 9, 1960
46°45′00″N 114°05′20″W / 46.75°N 114.08889°W / 46.75; -114.08889 (Travelers Rest)
Missoula Campsite used during the westward passage of the Lewis and Clark Expedition in 1805 as the party prepared to cross the Bitterroot Mountains, and again during return passage in 1806.
26 Virginia City Historic District
Structures in Virginia City
July 4, 1961
Virginia City
45°17′37″N 111°56′41″W / 45.293611°N 111.944722°W / 45.293611; -111.944722 (Virginia City Historic District)
Madison More than 200 historic 19th century buildings remain in this 1860s mining town; it also served as the Montana Territorial Capitol during the same period.
27 Burton K. Wheeler House
Burton K. Wheeler House
December 8, 1976
46°00′20″N 112°31′17″W / 46.00565°N 112.52151°W / 46.00565; -112.52151 (Burton K. Wheeler House)
Silver Bow Former residence of noted Montana Senator Burton K. Wheeler.[19]
28 Wolf Mountains Battlefield-Where Big Crow walked Back and Forth
Wolf Mountains Battlefield-Where Big Crow walked Back and Forth
October 6, 2008
45°17′18″N 106°34′53″W / 45.28823°N 106.58146°W / 45.28823; -106.58146 (Wolf Mountains Battlefield-Where Big Crow walked Back and Forth)
Rosebud Site of the Battle of Wolf Mountain.[20]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ National Park Service. "National Historic Landmarks Program: Questions & Answers". Retrieved 2007-09-21.
  2. ^ Numbers represent an ordering by significant words. Various colorings, defined here, differentiate National Historic Landmarks and historic districts from other NRHP buildings, structures, sites or objects.
  3. ^ The eight-digit number below each date is the number assigned to each location in the National Register Information System database, which can be viewed by clicking the number.
  4. ^ NPS, March 2009, webpage: NPS-gov-306 Archived 2009-03-28 at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ NPS, March 2009, webpage: NPS-gov-303 Archived 2011-06-06 at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ NPS webpage: NPS-gov-940 Archived 2012-09-05 at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ NPS webpage: NPS-gov-919** Archived 2008-01-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  8. ^ NPS webpage: NPS-gov-300 Archived 2008-04-13 at the Wayback Machine.
  9. ^ NPS webpage: NPS-gov-1235 Archived 2011-06-06 at the Wayback Machine.
  10. ^ NPS webpage: NPS-gov-298 Archived 2011-06-06 at the Wayback Machine.
  11. ^ NPS, March 2009, webpage: NPS-gov-301 Archived 2011-06-06 at the Wayback Machine.
  12. ^ NPS, March 2009, webpage: NPS-gov-1630 Archived 2005-03-13 at the Wayback Machine.
  13. ^ NPS, March 2009, webpage: NPS-gov-307 Archived 2012-09-05 at the Wayback Machine.
  14. ^ NPS, March 2009, webpage: NPS-gov-308 Archived 2012-10-06 at the Wayback Machine.
  15. ^ NPS, March 2009, webpage: NPS-gov-1630 Archived 2011-06-06 at the Wayback Machine.
  16. ^ NPS, April 2009, webpage: "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-10-10. Retrieved 2009-04-06.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link).
  17. ^ NPS, March 2009, webpage: NPS-gov-299 Archived 2011-06-06 at the Wayback Machine.
  18. ^ NPS, March 2009, webpage: NPS-gov-302 Archived 2003-11-19 at the Wayback Machine.
  19. ^ NPS, March 2009, webpage: NPS-gov-1631 Archived 2011-06-06 at the Wayback Machine.
  20. ^ NPS, April 2009, webpage: "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-10-10. Retrieved 2009-04-06.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link).

External links[edit]