List of National Historic Sites of Canada in Nunavut

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

This is a list of National Historic Sites of Canada (French: Lieux historiques nationaux du Canada) in the territory of Nunavut. There are 12 National Historic Sites designated in Nunavut, one of which is administered by Parks Canada (identified below by the beaver icon Beaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png).[1][2]

This list uses names designated by the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, which may differ from other names for these sites.

National Historic Sites[edit]

Site Date(s) Designated Location Description Image
Arvia'juaq and Qikiqtaarjuk [3] 1995 Arviat and Sentry Island
61°08′23″N 093°59′36″W / 61.13972°N 93.99333°W / 61.13972; -93.99333 (Arvia'juaq and Qikiqtaarjuk)
A traditional summer camp of the Paallirmiut Inuit and an archaeological site on Hudson Bay; representative of the cultural, spiritual and economic life of the Inuit in the Arviat region
Beechey Island Sites[4] 1845–46 (wintering site), 1852–54 (search expeditions) 1993 Beechey Island and Devon Island
74°43′N 091°51′W / 74.717°N 91.850°W / 74.717; -91.850 (Beechey Island Sites)
Sites associated with Arctic exploration, including the wintering site of Franklin's lost expedition and a base for subsequent search expeditions Graves of the dead crewman from the 1845 Franklin Northwest Passage expedition
Blacklead Island Whaling Station[5] 1860 (established) 1985 Blacklead Island
64°58′59″N 066°12′00″W / 64.98306°N 66.20000°W / 64.98306; -66.20000 (Blacklead Island Whaling Station)
One of the most important whaling stations and wintering sites in Cumberland Sound from the 1860s until the early 20th century; a good example of a contact-period Inuit village Blacklead Island Whaling Station in 1903
Bloody Falls[6] 1700 BCE (c.) (human occupation) 1978 Kugluk/Bloody Falls Territorial Park
67°44′36″N 115°22′03″W / 67.74333°N 115.36750°W / 67.74333; -115.36750 (Bloody Falls)
Archaeological remains on river terraces of pre-contact hunting and fishing sites; a record of the presence of Pre-Dorset, Thule, First Nation and Inuit peoples over the last 3000 years Middle of Blood Falls rapids
Fall Caribou Crossing[7] 1995 Kivalliq Region
63°38′37″N 096°02′58″W / 63.64361°N 96.04944°W / 63.64361; -96.04944 (Fall Caribou Crossing)
A section of the lower Kazan River which has witnessed centuries of inland caribou hunting; symbolic of the cultural, spiritual and economic life of the Inuit in the region
Igloolik Island Archaeological Sites[8] 2000 BCE (c.) (human occupation) 1978 Igloolik Island
69°23′N 081°40′W / 69.383°N 81.667°W / 69.383; -81.667 (Igloolik Island Archaeological Sites)
Nine archaeological sites dating from Dorset and Pre-Dorset occupations, demonstrating 4000 years of human activity; also the wintering site for William Parry in 1821 and the base of the Fifth Thule Expedition of 1921–24
Inuksuk[9] 1969 Foxe Peninsula
64°34′19″N 078°10′17″W / 64.57194°N 78.17139°W / 64.57194; -78.17139 (Inuksuk)
100 inuksuit standing on a treeless headland; a testament to the ingenuity and artistry of the Inuit Inuksuit at Inuksuk Point
Kekerten Island Whaling Station[10] 1857 (established) 1985 Cumberland Sound
65°42′N 065°48′W / 65.700°N 65.800°W / 65.700; -65.800 (Kekerten Island Whaling Station)
The remains of a whaling station, as well as a burial ground and a shipwreck; symbolic of whaling in the Eastern Arctic and of the economic and cultural impact of the whaling on the Inuit in the region Structures at Kekerten
Kodlunarn Island[11] 1576–78 (expeditions) 1964 Frobisher Bay
62°49′03″N 065°25′44″W / 62.81750°N 65.42889°W / 62.81750; -65.42889 (Kodlunarn Island)
The ruins of a stone house, earthworks and mining excavations from Martin Frobisher's gold mining expeditions to the Canadian Arctic Archipelago
Port Refuge[12] 1978 Grinnell Peninsula
77°00′17″N 096°09′49″W / 77.00472°N 96.16361°W / 77.00472; -96.16361 (Port Refuge)
Archaeological sites dating to prehistoric occupation, including a Thule winter village and remains of Pre-Dorset dwellings, including evidence of Thule contact with the medieval Norse colonies of Greenland
Wreck of HMS Breadalbane[13] 1853 (wreck) 1983 Beechey Island
74°43′N 091°51′W / 74.717°N 91.850°W / 74.717; -91.850 (Wreck of HMS Breadalbane)
The wreck of the ship involved in the search for Franklin's lost expedition Engraving of the sinking of Breadalbane
Wrecks of HMS Erebus and HMS TerrorBeaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png[14][15] 1845–46 (expedition) 1992; joined park system in 2015 Queen Maud Gulf north by northeast of O'Reilly Island
68°14′09″N 98°42′52″W / 68.235931°N 98.714376°W / 68.235931; -98.714376 (Erebus & Terror)[16]
The remains of the HMS Erebus and HMS Terror, the two ships of Franklin's lost expedition in 1845–46, believed to have been trapped and wrecked by pack ice; official location includes remains of HMS Erebus (Discovered at Wilmot and Crampton Bay in September 2014); and remains of HMS Terror (Discovered at Terror Bay in September 2016) Engraving of HMS Terror thrown up by the ice

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Nunavut". Directory of Federal Heritage Designations. Parks Canada. Retrieved 28 October 2013. 
  2. ^ Nunavut, National Historic Sites of Canada - administered by Parks Canada
  3. ^ Arvia'juaq and Qikiqtaarjuk. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  4. ^ Beechey Island Sites. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 29 October 2013.
  5. ^ Blacklead Island Whaling Station. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 29 October 2013.
  6. ^ Bloody Falls. Directory of Federal Heritage Designations. Parks Canada. Retrieved 29 October 2013.
  7. ^ Fall Caribou Crossing. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 29 October 2013.
  8. ^ Igloolik Island Archaeological Sites. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 29 October 2013.
  9. ^ Inuksuk. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 30 October 2013.
  10. ^ Kekerten Island Whaling Station. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 30 October 2013.
  11. ^ Kodlunarn Island. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 30 October 2013.
  12. ^ Port Refuge. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 30 October 2013.
  13. ^ Wreck of HMS Breadalbane. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 30 October 2013.
  14. ^ Erebus and Terror. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 29 October 2013.
  15. ^ 2015 April Dive Results for Franklin Vessel HMS Erebus, Parks Canada, May 13, 2015
  16. ^ Wrecks of HMS Erebus and HMS Terror National Historic Site, Site Management, Superintendent's Order, July 2015