List of National Inventors Hall of Fame inductees

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The National Inventors Hall of Fame (NIHF) inductees includes over 500 inventors spanning three centuries of lifetimes. John Fitch was the earliest born inventor inducted into the NIHF (1743), while Barrett Comiskey is currently the most recently born (1975).

Key[edit]

Key
*
Denotes inventor was also awarded the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)'s Medal of Honor,
given for an exceptional contribution or extraordinary career in the IEEE fields of interest

Inductees[edit]

Inductee Birth Death Notable Year NIHF
Edward Goodrich Acheson 1856 1931 Carborundum 1997 [1]
Leonard Adleman 1945 RSA crytography 2018 [2]
Robert Adler 1913 2007 Television remote control 2008 [3]
Herman Affel 1893 1972 Coaxial cable 2006 [4]
Howard Aiken 1900 1973 Automatic sequence controlled calculator (Harvard Mark I) 2014 [5]
JD Albert 1975 Electronic ink 2016 [6]
George Edward Alcorn, Jr. 1940 X-ray spectrometer 2015 [7]
Samuel W. Alderson 1914 2005 Crash test dummy 2013 [8]
Ernst Alexanderson* 1878 1975 Radio 1983 [9]
Andrew Alford 1904 1992 VHF omnidirectional range 1983 [10]
Samuel Leeds Allen 1841 1918 Flexible flyer sled 2007 [11]
Luis Walter Alvarez 1911 1988 Radio distance and direction indicator; Hydrogen bubble chamber 1978 [12]
Iver Anderson 1953 Lead-free solder 2017 [13]
Mary Anderson 1866 1953 Windshield wiper 2011 [14]
Roger Angel 1941 Telescope mirror cell 2016 [15]
George Antheil 1900 1959 Frequency-hopping spread spectrum 2014 [16]
Thomas Armat 1866 1948 Movie projector 2011 [17]
Don Arney 1947 Bambi bucket for aerial firefighting 2017 [18]
Edwin Howard Armstrong* 1890 1954 FM radio 1980 [19]
Frances Arnold 1956 Evolution of enzymes 2014 [20]
Arthur Ashkin 1922 Optical trapping 2013 [21]
Martin Atalla 1924 2009 MOSFET 2009 [22]
Alpheus Babcock 1785 1842 Cast iron piano frame 2007 [23]
George Herman Babcock 1832 1893 Steam generator 1997 [24]
Roger Bacon 1926 2007 Carbon fibers 2016 [25]
Leo Baekeland 1863 1944 Bakelite 1978 [26]
Ralph Baer 1922 2014 Television gaming and training apparatus 2010 [27]
Rodney Bagley 1934 Substrate for catalytic converters 2002 [28]
Matthias W. Baldwin 1795 1866 Steam locomotive 2005 [29]
B. Jayant Baliga 1948 Insulated-gate bipolar transistor 2016 [30]
Robert Banks 1921 1989 Polypropylene plastics 2001 [31]
Frederick Banting 1891 1941 Isolated and purified insulin 2004 [32]
Paul Baran 1926 2011 Digital packet switching 2007 [33]
John Bardeen* 1908 1991 Transistor 1974 [34]
C. Donald Bateman 1932 Ground proximity warning system 2005 [35]
Andrew Jackson Beard 1849 1921 Improved Janney coupler for railroad cars 2006 [36]
Arnold Orville Beckman 1900 2004 pH meter 1987 [37]
Semi Joseph Begun 1905 1995 Magnetic recording 1998 [38]
Alexander Graham Bell 1847 1922 Telephone 1974 [39]
Ruth R. Benerito 1916 2013 Wrinkle-free cotton 2008 [40]
Willard Harrison Bennett 1903 1987 Mass spectrometry 1991 [41]
Emile Berliner 1851 1929 Gramophone and microphone 1994 [42]
Carolyn Bertozzi 1966 Bioorthogonal Chemistry 2017 [43]
Henry Bessemer 1813 1898 Bessemer process for steel production 2002 [44]
Charles Herbert Best 1899 1978 Isolation of insulin 2004 [45]
Erastus Brigham Bigelow 1814 1879 Powered loom 2006 [46]
Edwin Binney 1866 1934 Carbon black manufacturing 2011 [47]
Gerd Binnig 1947 Scanning tunneling microscope 1994 [48]
Forrest Bird 1921 2015 Respirator / Ventilator 1995 [49]
John Birden 1918 2011 Radioisotope thermoelectric generator 2013 [50]
Clarence Birdseye 1886 1956 Frozen food 2005 [51]
László Bíró 1899 1985 Ballpoint pen 2007 [52]
Donald Bitzer 1934 Plasma display 2013 [53]
Harold Stephen Black 1898 1983 Feedback amplifier 1981 [54]
Eli Whitney Blake 1795 1886 Machine for crushing stone 2007 [55]
Helen Blanchard 1840 1922 Innovations to sewing machine 2006 [56]
Thomas Blanchard 1788 1864 Pattern lathe 2006 [57]
Katharine Burr Blodgett 1898 1979 Langmuir-Blodgett film 2007 [58]
Samuel E. Blum 1920 2013 LASIK eye surgery 2002 [59]
Baruch Samuel Blumberg 1925 2011 Vaccine for hepatitis B 1993 [60]
James Bogardus 1800 1874 Iron frame building 2007 [61]
Nils Bohlin 1920 2002 Safety belt 2002 [62]
Gail Borden 1801 1874 Process for condensed milk 2006 [63]
Carl Bosch 1874 1940 Haber-Bosch process for ammonia production 2006 [64]
Amar Bose 1929 2013 Audio feedback control 2008 [65]
Robert W. Bower 1936 MOSFET 1997 [66]
Bill Bowerman 1911 1999 Modern athletic shoe 2014 [67]
Seth Boyden 1788 1870 Process for making malleable iron 2006 [68]
Herbert Boyer 1936 Genetic engineering 2001 [69]
Otis Boykin 1920 1982 Electrical resistor 2014 [70]
Willard Boyle 1924 2011 Charge coupled device 2006 [71]
Milton Bradley 1836 1911 Game board 2006 [72]
Jacques E. Brandenberger 1872 1954 Cellophane 2006 [73]
Per-Ingvar Brånemark 1929 2014 Dental implant 2016 [74]
Charles F. Brannock 1903 1992 Brannock device for foot measuring 1992 [75]
Walter Houser Brattain 1902 1987 Transistor 1974 [76]
Yvonne Brill 1924 2013 Dual thrust level monopropellant spacecraft propulsion system 2010 [77]
Garrett Brown 1942 Steadicam Camera stabilizer 2013 [78]
Rachel Fuller Brown 1898 1980 Nystatin antifungal 1994 [79]
John Browning 1855 1926 Breech-loading rifle 2007 [80]
Charles F. Brush 1849 1929 Arc light for street lighting 2006 [81]
Francis R. Bundy 1910 2008 Diamond synthesis 2010 [82]
Luther Burbank 1849 1926 Plant breeding 1986 [83]
Joseph H. Burckhalter 1912 2004 Isothiocyanates 1995 [84]
John F. Burke 1922 2011 Artificial skin 2015 [85]
William Seward Burroughs I 1857 1898 Adding machine 1987 [86]
William Merriam Burton 1865 1954 Catalytic cracking 1984 [87]
Vannevar Bush 1890 1974 Differential analyzer 2004 [88]
Edward A. Calahan 1838 1912 Stock ticker 2006 [89]
Donald L. Campbell 1904 2002 Catalytic cracking 1999 [90]
George Ashley Campbell 1870 1954 Loading coil 2011 [91]
Marvin Camras 1916 1995 Magnetic recording 1985 [92]
Chester Carlson 1906 1968 Xerographic printing 1981 [93]
Wallace Carothers 1896 1937 Synthetic rubber, nylon 1984 [94]
Willis Carrier 1876 1950 Air conditioner 1985 [95]
George Robert Carruthers 1939 Ultraviolet camera 2003 [96]
Marvin Caruthers 1940 Chemical synthesis of DNA 2018 [97]
George Washington Carver 1864 1943 Peanut products 1990 [98]
Frank Cepollina 1936 Satellite servicing techniques 2003 [99]
Vint Cerf 1943 Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) 2006 [100]
Daryl Chapin 1906 1995 Solar cell 2008 [101]
Emmett Chappelle 1925 Bioluminescence 2007 [102]
John Charnley 1911 1982 Hip replacement surgery 2008 [103]
Mary-Dell Chilton 1939 Transgenic plant 2015 [104]
Alfred Y. Cho* 1937 Molecular beam epitaxy 2009 [105]
Edith Clarke 1883 1959 Graphical calculator 2015 [106]
Georges Claude 1870 1960 Neon light 2007 [107]
Josephine Cochrane 1839 1913 Dishwasher 2006 [108]
Stanley Norman Cohen 1935 Genetic engineering 2001 [109]
James Collip 1892 1965 Isolated and purified insulin 2004 [110]
Samuel Colt 1814 1862 Colt revolver with interchangeable parts 2006 [111]
Frank B. Colton 1923 2003 Oral contraceptives 1988 [112]
Barrett Comiskey 1975 Electronic ink 2016 [113]
Lloyd Conover 1923 2017 Tetracycline 1992 [114]
William D. Coolidge 1873 1975 X-ray tube 1975 [115]
Peter Cooper 1791 1883 Steam locomotive 2006 [116]
Harry Coover 1917 2011 Superglue 2004 [117]
George Henry Corliss 1817 1888 Improvements to steam engine 2006 [118]
Martha Coston 1826 1904 Signal flare used for ships 2006 [119]
Frederick Gardner Cottrell 1877 1948 Electrostatic precipitator 1992 [120]
Wallace H. Coulter 1913 1998 Coulter principle 2004 [121]
Jacques Cousteau 1910 1997 Diving unit 2010 [122]
Joshua Lionel Cowen 1877 1965 Model train 2007 [123]
Eckley Coxe 1839 1895 Traveling grate furnace 2006 [124]
Seymour Cray 1925 1996 Supercomputer 1997 [125]
George Crompton 1829 1886 Loom 2007 [126]
David Crosthwait 1898 1976 Heating and ventilation system 2014 [127]
Glenn Curtiss 1878 1930 Hydroplane 2003 [128]
David Cushman 1939 2000 Captopril 2007 [129]
Gottlieb Daimler 1834 1900 Design of automobile and motorcycle engines 2006 [130]
Raymond Vahan Damadian 1936 Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) 1989 [131]
John Daugman 1954 Iris recognition algorithm 2013 [132]
Donald Davies 1924 2000 Digital packet switching 2007 [133]
Lee De Forest* 1873 1961 Audion amplifier tube 1977 [134]
George de Mestral 1907 1990 Velcro 1999 [135]
Mark Dean 1957 Computer peripherals 1997 [136]
John Deere 1804 1886 Farm plow 1989 [137]
Robert H. Dennard* 1932 Dynamic random access memory (DRAM) 1997 [138]
George Devol 1912 2011 Industrial robot 2011 [139]
Albert Dick 1856 1934 Duplicating machine 2011 [140]
Earle Dickson 1892 1961 Band-Aid 2017 [141]
Rudolf Diesel 1858 1913 Internal-combustion engine 1976 [142]
Whitfield Diffie 1944 Public-key cryptography 2011 [143]
Richard DiMarchi 1952 Insulin Lispro 2014 [144]
Walt Disney 1901 1966 Multiplane camera 2000 [145]
Carl Djerassi 1923 2015 Oral contraceptives 1978 [146]
Ray Dolby 1933 2013 Dolby noise reduction 2004 [147]
Marion Donovan 1917 1998 Waterproof diaper cover 2015 [148]
Herbert Henry Dow 1866 1930 Bromine extraction 1983 [149]
Charles Stark Draper 1901 1987 Stabilizing gyroscopic 1981 [150]
Mildred Dresselhaus 1930 2017 Lattice structure 2014 [151]
Charles R. Drew 1904 1950 Surgical needle 2015 [152]
Richard Gurley Drew 1899 1980 Adhesive tape 2007 [153]
Philip Drinker 1894 1972 Iron lung 2007 [154]
John Boyd Dunlop 1840 1921 Pneumatic tire 2006 [155]
Graham J. Durant 1934 2009 Cimetidine 1990 [156]
Benjamin Durfee 1897 1980 Automatic sequence controlled calculator (Harvard Mark I) 2014 [157]
George Eastman 1854 1932 Photography 1977 [158]
Roger L. Easton 1921 2014 TIMATION satellite navigation system 2010 [159]
J. Presper Eckert 1919 1995 ENIAC 2002 [160]
Harold Eugene Edgerton 1903 1990 Stroboscope photography 1986 [161]
Thomas Edison 1847 1931 Electric lighting, motion pictures, phonograph 1973 [162]
Alfred Einhorn 1856 1917 Novocain 2007 [163]
Willem Einthoven 1860 1927 Electrocardiograph 2008 [164]
Gertrude B. Elion 1918 1999 Leukemia drug 1991 [165]
Carleton Ellis 1876 1941 Margarine 2011 [166]
John Colin Emmett 1939 Cimetidine 1990 [167]
Akira Endo 1933 Mevastatin 2012 [168]
Douglas Engelbart 1925 2013 Computer mouse 1998 [169]
John Ericsson 1803 1889 Screw propeller 1993 [170]
Lloyd Espenschied* 1889 1986 Coaxial cable 2006 [171]
Oliver Evans 1755 1819 High pressure steam engine 2001 [172]
Ole Evinrude 1877 1934 Outboard motor 2007 [173]
Maxime Faget 1921 2004 Space capsule 2003 [174]
Federico Faggin 1941 Microprocessor 1996 [175]
Moses G. Farmer 1820 1893 Electric fire alarm system 2006 [176]
Philo Farnsworth 1906 1971 Television 1984 [177]
James Fergason 1934 2008 Liquid crystal display 1998 [178]
Enrico Fermi 1901 1954 Nuclear fission 1976 [179]
Reginald Fessenden* 1866 1932 AM radio 2000 [180]
Harvey Samuel Firestone 1868 1938 Pneumatic tire 2006 [181]
John Fitch 1743 1798 Steamboat 2006 [182]
Edith M. Flanigen 1929 Molecular sieves 2004 [183]
Leonard Flom 1927 Iris recognition algorithm 2013 [184]
Thomas J. Fogarty 1934 Embolectomy catheter 2001 [185]
Judah Folkman 1933 2008 Angiogenesis inhibition 2010 [186]
Henry Ford 1863 1947 Automobile 1982 [187]
Jay Wright Forrester* 1918 2016 Random access memory (RAM) 1979 [188]
Eric Fossum 1957 CMOS active pixel image sensor camera-on-a-chip 2011 [189]
John E. Franz 1929 Roundup 2007 [190]
Alfred Free 1913 2000 Glucose detection for diabetes 2000 [191]
Helen Murray Free 1923 Glucose detection for diabetes 2000 [192]
Ross Freeman 1948 1989 Configurable electrical circuit having configurable logic elements and configurable interconnects 2009 [193]
Harold E. Froehlich 1922 2007 Deep-sea submersible 2017 [194]
Dov Frohman 1939 Erasable programmable read only memory array (EPROM) 2009 [195]
Arthur Fry 1931 Post-it notes 2010 [196]
Calvin Souther Fuller 1902 1994 Solar Cell 2008 [197]
Robert Fulton 1765 1815 Steamboat 2006 [198]
Dennis Gabor* 1900 1979 Electron holography 2012 [199]
Ashok Gadgil 1950 Water disinfection 2014 [200]
Émile Gagnan 1900 1979 Aqua-lung diving equipment 2010 [201]
Robert Gallo 1937 HIV isolation 2004 [202]
Haren S. Gandhi 1941 2010 Automotive exhaust catalyst 2017 [203]
C. Robin Ganellin 1934 Cimetidine 1990 [204]
Edmund Germer 1901 1987 Fluorescent lighting 1996 [205]
Ivan A. Getting 1912 2003 Global Positioning System (GPS) 2004 [206]
John Heysham Gibbon 1903 1973 Heart-lung machine 2004 [207]
King C. Gillette 1855 1932 Safety razor 2007 [208]
Charles Ginsburg 1920 1992 Video tape recording 1990 [209]
Joseph Glidden 1813 1906 Barbed wire 2006 [210]
Robert H. Goddard 1882 1945 Solid fuel rockets 1979 [211]
William Goddard 1913 1997 Hard drive and floppy disk 2007 [212]
Leopold Godowsky, Jr. 1900 1983 Kodachrome 2005 [213]
Peter Carl Goldmark 1906 1977 Long playing record 2007 [214]
Hannibal Goodwin 1822 1900 Transparent flexible nitrocellulose 2011 [215]
Charles Goodyear 1800 1860 Vulcanization of rubber 1976 [216]
Robert W. Gore 1937 Gore-Tex 2006 [217]
Gordon Gould 1920 2005 Laser 1991 [218]
Zénobe Gramme 1826 1901 Direct-current dynamo 2006 [219]
Elisha Gray 1835 1901 Telephone and telegraph improvements 2007 [220]
Wilson Greatbatch 1919 2011 Heart pacemaker 1986 [221]
Leonard Greene 1918 2006 Aircraft stall warning 1991 [222]
Leroy Grumman 1895 1982 Retractable landing gear 2003 [223]
Robert Gundlach 1926 2010 Photocopier 2005 [224]
Jaap Haartsen 1963 Bluetooth wireless technology 2015 [225]
Fritz Haber 1868 1934 Ammonia production process 2006 [226]
Charles Martin Hall 1863 1914 Aluminum production process 1976 [227]
Lloyd Hall 1894 1971 Food preservation 2004 [228]
Robert N. Hall 1919 2016 Magnetron 1994 [229]
Thomas Seavey Hall 1827 1880 Railroad signal 2007 [230]
Tracy Hall 1919 2008 Synthetic diamond 2010 [231]
Andrew Smith Hallidie 1836 1900 Cable car 2006 [232]
Francis E. Hamilton 1898 1972 Automatic sequence controlled calculator (Harvard Mark I) 2014 [233]
John Hays Hammond, Jr. 1888 1965 Radio control 2011 [234]
William Edward Hanford 1908 1996 Polyurethane 1991 [235]
Eli Harari 1945 Floating-gate EEPROM 2017 [236]
Walter Lincoln Hawkins 1911 1992 Polymer cable sheath 2010 [237]
Elizabeth Lee Hazen 1885 1975 Nystatin 1994 [238]
Howard Head 1914 1991 Laminated ski; oversized tennis racket 2017 [239]
M. Stephen Heilman 1933 Defibrillator 2002 [240]
George H. Heilmeier* 1936 2014 Electro-optic liquid crystal device 2009 [241]
Martin Hellman 1945 Public-key cryptography 2011 [242]
François Hennebique 1842 1921 Reinforced concrete construction 2011 [243]
Beulah Louise Henry 1887 1973 Ice cream freezer 2006 [244]
Peter Cooper Hewitt 1861 1921 Mercury-vapor lamp 2011 [245]
William Redington Hewlett 1913 2001 Audio signals 1992 [246]
Beatrice Hicks 1919 1979 Device for sensing gas density 2017 [247]
Rene Alphonse Higonnet 1902 1983 Phototypesetting machine 1985 [248]
Maurice Hilleman 1919 2005 Vaccines 2007 [249]
James Hillier 1915 2007 Electron microscope 1980 [250]
Richard March Hoe 1812 1886 Rotary printing press 2006 [251]
Jean Hoerni 1924 1997 Planar manufacturing process 2009 [252]
Marcian Hoff 1937 Microprocessor 1996 [253]
Felix Hoffmann 1868 1946 Aspirin 2002 [254]
J. Paul Hogan 1919 2012 Polypropylene and HDPE 2001 [255]
John Philip Holland 1841 1914 Submarine 2007 [256]
Herman Hollerith 1860 1929 Recording data on a machine readable medium, punched card, tabulator 1990 [257]
Alexander Lyman Holley 1832 1882 Steelmaking 2006 [258]
Birdsill Holly 1820 1894 Fire hydrant 2006 [259]
Donald Holmes 1910 1980 Polyurethane 1991 [260]
Nick Holonyak* 1928 visible light emitting diode 2008 [261]
Benjamin Holt 1849 1920 Tractor 2006 [262]
Stan Honey 1955 Sports broadcast graphic enhancements 2018 [263]
Leroy Hood 1938 DNA sequencer 2007 [264]
Erna Schneider Hoover 1926 Computerized telephone switching 2008 [265]
Larry J. Hornbeck 1943 Spatial light modulator and method 2009 [266]
Eugene Houdry 1892 1962 Catalytic cracking 1990 [267]
Godfrey Hounsfield 1919 2004 CAT scanner 2007 [268]
Elias Howe 1819 1867 Sewing machine 2004 [269]
George Hulett 1846 1923 Loading and unloading machine 2006 [270]
Chuck Hull 1939 Stereolithography 2014 [271]
Walter Hunt 1796 1859 Safety pin 2006 [272]
John Wesley Hyatt 1837 1920 Celluloid 2006 [273]
James Franklin Hyde 1903 1999 Transparent silica 2000 [274]
Simon Ingersoll 1818 1894 Steam powered rock drill 2006 [275]
Frederic Eugene Ives 1856 1937 Color photography 2011 [276]
Irwin M. Jacobs 1933 Spread spectrum multiple access communication system 2013 [277]
Joseph Jacobson 1965 Electronic ink 2016 [278]
Ali Javan 1926 2016 Helium-neon laser 2006 [279]
Allene Jeanes 1906 1995 Dextran production; xanthan gum 2017 [280]
Alec Jeffreys 1950 Genetic fingerprinting 2005 [281]
Charles Francis Jenkins 1867 1934 Movie projector 2011 [282]
Thomas Jennings 1791 1859 Dry scouring 2015 [283]
Steve Jobs 1955 2011 Personal computer, mobile phone, animated movie, digital publishing 2012 [284]
Amos E. Joel, Jr.* 1918 2008 Switching concept for cellular phones 2008 [285]
Clarence Johnson 1910 1990 Aircraft 2008 [286]
Kristina M. Johnson 1957 Polarization-control technology 2015 [287]
Warren S. Johnson 1847 1911 Temperature control 2018 [288]
Frederick McKinley Jones 1893 1961 Refrigeration 2007 [289]
Howard S. Jones, Jr. 1921 2005 Conformal antenna 2018 [290]
Marshall Jones 1941 Industrial laser 2017 [291]
Kenneth Jordan 1921 2008 Radioisotope thermoelectric generator 2013 [292]
Percy Lavon Julian 1899 1975 Cortisone synthesis 1990 [293]
Bob Kahn 1938 Internet Protocol (IP) 2006 [294]
Dawon Kahng 1931 1992 Electric field controlled semiconductor device 2009 [295]
Charles Kaman 1919 2011 Innovations to helicopter 2003 [296]
Dean Kamen 1951 Ambulatory infusion pump 2005 [297]
Sheldon Kaplan 1939 2009 Auto-injector 2016 [298]
Donald Keck 1941 Optical fiber 1993 [299]
John Harvey Kellogg 1852 1943 Breakfast cereal 2006 [300]
Charles Kelman 1930 2004 Cataract surgery 2004 [301]
Clarence Kemp c. 1860 1911 Solar water heater 2011 [302]
Charles F. Kettering 1876 1958 Electric ignition 1980 [303]
Mary Dixon Kies 1752 1837 Process for weaving straw 2006 [304]
Jack Kilby* 1923 2005 Integrated circuit 1982 [305]
Albert Kingsbury 1863 1943 Thrust bearing 2007 [306]
Dale Kleist 1909 1998 Fiberglass 2006 [307]
Margaret E. Knight 1838 1914 Paper bag machine 2006 [308]
Willem Johan Kolff 1911 2009 Artificial heart 1985 [309]
Paul Kollsman 1900 1982 Altimeter 2003 [310]
William Justin Kroll 1889 1973 Titanium 2000 [311]
Raymond Kurzweil 1948 Optical character recognition 2002 [312]
Stephanie Kwolek 1923 2014 Kevlar 1995 [313]
Irwin Lachman 1930 Catalytic converter 2002 [314]
Clair Lake 1888 1958 Automatic sequence controlled calculator (Harvard Mark I) 2014 [315]
Hedy Lamarr 1914 2000 Frequency-hopping spread spectrum 2014 [316]
Edwin H. Land 1909 1991 Polaroid 1977 [317]
Alois Langer 1945 Defibrillator 2002 [318]
Robert S. Langer 1948 Drug delivery 2006 [319]
Irving Langmuir 1881 1957 Electric lighting 1989 [320]
L. L. Langstroth 1810 1895 Beehive 2007 [321]
Vincent Lanza 1922 1972 Polymer cable sheath 2010 [322]
Lewis Howard Latimer 1848 1928 Filament for electric light bulb 2006 [323]
Paul Lauterbur* 1929 2007 Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) 2007 [324]
Ernest Lawrence 1901 1958 Cyclotron 1982 [325]
Victor Lawrence 1945 Signal processing in telecommunications 2016 [326]
Bill Lear 1902 1978 8-track system 1993 [327]
Joseph Lechleider 1933 2015 Digital subscriber line (DSL) 2013 [328]
Robert Ledley 1926 2012 Whole-body CAT scan 1990 [329]
Tom Leighton 1956 Content delivery network 2017 [330]
Henry M. Leland 1843 1932 Interchangeable parts for automobiles 2011 [331]
Daniel Lewin 1970 2001 Content delivery network 2017 [332]
Ronald M. Lewis 1936 Catalytic converter 2002 [333]
Frances Ligler 1951 Portable optical air sensor 2017 [334]
Edwin Albert Link 1904 1981 Link Trainer 2003 [335]
Barbara Liskov 1939 Programming Languages and System Design 2012 [336]
Oliver Lodge 1851 1940 Wireless telegraphy 2007 [337]
Alfred Loomis 1887 1975 Long range navigation system (LORAN) 2013 [338]
Auguste Lumière 1862 1954 Cinématographe 2007 [339]
Louis Lumière 1864 1948 Cinématographe 2007 [340]
John Lynott 1921 1994 Hard drive 2007 [341]
Paul B. MacCready 1925 2007 Gossamer Condor 2015 [342]
John MacDougall 1940 Ion implantation 2009 [343]
Stanley Macomber 1887 1967 Open web joist 2011 [344]
Theodore Harold Maiman 1927 2007 Laser 1984 [345]
Ken Manchester 1925 2014 Ion implantation 2009 [346]
Leopold Mannes 1899 1964 Kodachrome 2005 [347]
Peter Mansfield 1933 2017 Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) 2007 [348]
Guglielmo Marconi* 1874 1937 Radio 1975 [349]
Warren Marrison 1896 1980 Quartz clock 2011 [350]
Homer Martin 1910 1993 Catalytic cracking 1999 [351]
John Landis Mason 1832 1902 Mason jar 2006 [352]
Jan Ernst Matzeliger 1852 1889 Shoe lasting 2006 [353]
John Mauchly 1907 1980 ENIAC 2002 [354]
Robert D. Maurer 1924 Optical fiber 1993 [355]
Hiram Stevens Maxim 1840 1916 Machine gun 2006 [356]
Wilhelm Maybach 1846 1929 Carburetor and radiator 2007 [357]
Stanley Mazor 1941 Central processing unit (CPU) 1996 [358]
Cyrus McCormick 1809 1884 Mechanical reaper 1976 [359]
Elijah McCoy 1844 1929 Engine lubricator 2001 [360]
Ray McIntire 1918 1996 Styrofoam 2008 [361]
Malcom McLean 1913 2001 Shipping containers 2008 [362]
Harold McMaster 1916 2003 Tempered glass 2008 [363]
Carver Mead 1934 VLSI method for designing chips 2009 [364]
Ottmar Mergenthaler 1854 1899 Linotype 1982 [365]
Ralph Merkle 1952 Public-key cryptography 2011 [366]
Robert Metcalfe* 1946 Ethernet 2007 [367]
Gary K. Michelson 1949 Spinal surgical devices 2011 [368]
Thomas Midgley, Jr. 1889 1944 Ethyl gasoline, fluorocarbon refrigerants 2003 [369]
Alexander Miles 1838 1918 Elevator doors 2007 [370]
Lewis Miller 1829 1899 Combine harvester 2006 [371]
Irving Millman 1923 2012 Vaccine for hepatitis B 1993 [372]
Michel Mirowski 1924 1990 Defibrillator 2002 [373]
Sumita Mitra 1949 Nanocomposite dental materials 2018 [374]
Dennis L. Moeller 1950 Computer peripherals 1997 [375]
Bryan Molloy 1939 2004 Prozac 1999 [376]
Luc Montagnier 1932 HIV isolation and antibody test 2004 [377]
Robert Moog 1934 2005 Moog synthesizer 2013 [378]
Gordon Moore* 1929 Semiconductor production 2009 [379]
Garrett A. Morgan 1887 1963 Gas mask 2005 [380]
Samuel Morse 1791 1872 Telegraph 1975 [381]
Morton Mower 1933 Implantable heart defibrillator 2002 [382]
Andrew J. Moyer 1899 1959 Penicillin 1987 [383]
Louis Marius Moyroud 1914 2010 Photograph composition 1985 [384]
Kary Mullis 1944 Polymerase chain reaction 1998 [385]
Eger V. Murphree 1898 1962 Catalytic cracking 1999 [386]
William P. Murphy Jr. 1923 Blood bag and disposable medical trays 2008 [387]
Thomas E. Murray 1860 1929 Early power generation 2011 [388]
Eadweard Muybridge 1830 1904 Stop action photography 2011 [389]
Shuji Nakamura 1954 Blue LED 2015 [390]
Walther Nernst 1864 1941 Metallic filament incandescent lamp 2011 [391]
Julius Nieuwland 1878 1936 Synthetic rubber 1996 [392]
Alfred Nobel 1833 1896 Dynamite 1998 [393]
Arthur Nobile 1920 2004 Prednisone 2007 [394]
John Knudsen Northrop 1895 1981 Flying wing plane 2003 [395]
Robert Noyce* 1927 1990 Integrated circuit 1983 [396]
Bernard M. Oliver 1916 1995 Pulse code modulation 2004 [397]
Ken Olsen 1926 2011 Magnetic core memory 1990 [398]
Miguel Ondetti 1930 2004 Captopril 2007 [399]
Elisha Otis 1811 1861 Elevator brake 1988 [400]
Nicolaus Otto 1832 1891 Otto cycle for internal combustion engine 1981 [401]
Stanford R. Ovshinsky 1922 2012 Nickel-metal hydride battery 2015 [402]
Michael Joseph Owens 1859 1923 Bottle making machine 2007 [403]
Charles Grafton Page 1812 1868 High-voltage induction coil 2006 [404]
William Painter 1838 1906 Bottle cap 2006 [405]
David Pall 1914 2004 Filtration technology 2008 [406]
Julio Palmaz 1945 Intravascular stent 2006 [407]
Louis W. Parker 1906 1993 Television 1988 [408]
Bradford Parkinson 1935 Global positioning system (GPS) 2004 [409]
John T. Parsons 1913 2007 Numerical control 1993 [410]
Louis Pasteur 1822 1895 Pasteurization 1978 [411]
C. Kumar N. Patel* 1938 Carbon dioxide laser 2012 [412]
Les Paul 1915 2009 Solid-body electric guitar 2005 [413]
Arogyaswami Paulraj 1944 MIMO wireless technology 2018 [414]
Gerald Pearson 1905 1987 Solar cell 2008 [415]
Lester Allan Pelton 1829 1908 Waterwheel 2006 [416]
Mary Engle Pennington 1872 1952 Food preservation and food storage 2018 [417]
Radia Perlman 1951 Network routing and bridging 2016 [418]
Henry F. Phillips 1890 1958 Phillips screw 2011 [419]
Thomas R. Pickering 1831 1895 Velocipede 2007 [420]
John R. Pierce* 1910 2002 Communications satellite 2003 [421]
Gregory Goodwin Pincus 1903 1967 Oral contraceptives 2006 [422]
Charles J. Plank 1915 1989 Catalytic cracking 1979 [423]
Roy J. Plunkett 1910 1994 Teflon 1985 [424]
Valdemar Poulsen 1869 1942 Magnetic wire recorder 2011 [425]
George Pullman 1831 1897 Pullman car 2006 [426]
Mihajlo Pupin 1858 1935 Loading coil 2011 [427]
Jacqueline Quinn 1967 EZVI (Emulsified Zerovalent iron) 2018 [428]
Jacob Rabinow 1910 1999 Optical character recognition 2005 [429]
Grote Reber 1911 2002 Radio telescope 2013 [430]
Louis Renault 1877 1944 Drum brake 2006 [431]
Jesse W. Reno 1861 1947 Escalator 2007 [432]
Kenneth Richardson 1939 Fluconazole 2008 [433]
Norbert Rillieux 1806 1894 Refined sugar 2004 [434]
Robert H. Rines 1922 2009 High resolution radar and sonar 1994 [435]
James Ritty 1836 1918 Cash register 2011 [436]
John Ritty 1834 1913 Cash register 2011 [437]
Ronald Rivest 1947 RSA cryptography 2018 [438]
John A. Roebling 1806 1869 Suspension bridge 2004 [439]
John Raphael Rogers 1856 1934 Automated typesetting 2007 [440]
Heinrich Rohrer 1933 2013 Scanning tunneling microscope 1994 [441]
Lubomyr Romankiw 1931 Thin film magnetic heads 2012 [442]
Harold Rosen 1926 2017 Spin stabilized synchronous communications satellite 2003 [443]
Edward J. Rosinski 1921 2000 Catalytic cracking 1979 [444]
Benjamin Rubin 1917 2010 Vaccine needle 1992 [445]
Wallace Clement Sabine 1868 1919 Architectural acoustics 2011 [446]
Augustine Sackett 1841 1914 Drywall 2017 [447]
Aran Safir 1926 2007 Iris recognition algorithm 2013 [448]
Lewis Hastings Sarett 1917 1999 Cortisone 1980 [449]
Steven Sasson 1950 Digital camera 2011 [450]
Joseph Saxton 1799 1873 Measuring instruments 2006 [451]
Arthur Leonard Schawlow 1921 1999 Laser 1996 [452]
Klaus Schmiegel 1939 Prozac 1999 [453]
Peter C. Schultz 1942 Optical fiber 1993 [454]
Glenn T. Seaborg 1912 1999 Plutonium isolation 2005 [455]
Charles Seeberger 1857 1931 Escalator 2007 [456]
Robert J. Seiwald 1925 Isothiocyanates 1995 [457]
William Sellers 1824 1905 Improvement in machine tools 2007 [458]
Waldo Semon 1898 1999 Polyvinyl chloride 1995 [459]
Gerhard M. Sessler 1931 Microphone 1999 [460]
Adi Shamir 1952 RSA cryptography 2018 [461]
Claude Shannon* 1916 2001 Pulse code modulation 2004 [462]
Gary D. Sharp 1962 Polarization-control technology 2015 [463]
John C. Sheehan 1915 1992 Structure and synthesis of penicillin 1995 [464]
Patsy O'Connell Sherman 1930 2008 Scotchgard 2001 [465]
Joseph Shivers 1920 2014 LYCRA fiber (Spandex) 2018 [466]
William Shockley 1910 1989 Transistor 1974 [467]
Christopher Latham Sholes 1819 1890 Typewriter 2001 [468]
Frederick Ellsworth Sickels 1819 1895 Valve for steam engine 2007 [469]
Igor Sikorsky 1889 1972 Helicopter 1987 [470]
John Silliker 1922 2015 Microbiological food safety and testing 2016 [471]
Bernard Silver 1924 1963 First optically scanned barcode 2011 [472]
Spencer Silver 1941 Post-it notes 2010 [473]
Samuel Slater 1768 1835 Cotton mills 2007 [474]
Games Slayter 1896 1964 Fiberglass 2006 [475]
H. Gene Slottow 1921 1989 Plasma display 2013 [476]
George E. Smith 1930 Charge-coupled device 2006 [477]
Samuel Smith 1927 2005 Scotchgard 2001 [478]
James M. Spangler 1848 1915 Portable electric vacuum cleaner 2006 [479]
William Sparks 1905 1976 Butyl rubber 2016 [480]
Percy Spencer 1894 1970 Magnetron 1999 [481]
Elmer Ambrose Sperry 1860 1930 Gyroscopic compass 1991 [482]
Frank J. Sprague 1857 1934 Electric street car 2006 [483]
Rangaswamy Srinivasan 1929 LASIK eye surgery 2002 [484]
William Stanley, Jr. 1858 1916 Alternating current 1995 [485]
Gary Starkweather 1938 Laser printer 2012 [486]
Charles Steinmetz 1865 1923 Alternating current 1977 [487]
Leo Sternbach 1908 2005 Benzodiazepines 2005 [488]
John Stevens 1749 1838 Steam-powered transportation 2006 [489]
Louis Stevens 1925 2009 Magnetic disk storage 2008 [490]
George Stibitz 1904 1995 Digital computer 1983 [491]
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Herbert M. Strong 1908 2002 Synthetic diamond 2010 [494]
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References[edit]

External links[edit]