List of National Wildlife Refuges of the United States

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As of 2012, there are 556 National Wildlife Refuges in the United States, with the addition of the Everglades Headwaters National Wildlife Refuge and Conservation Area.[1] Refuges that have boundaries in multiple states are listed only in the state where the main visitor entrance is located. The newest refuge replaces the Cherry Valley National Wildlife Refuge in Pennsylvania.[2][3]

The United States is divided into eight regions for administrative purposes:

  • Alaska Region (Region 7)


AL | AK | AS | AZ | AR | CA | CO | CT | DE | DC | FL | GA | GU | HI | ID | IL | IN | IA | KS | KY | LA | ME | MD | MA | MI | MN | MS | MO | MT | NE | NV | NH | NJ | NM | NY | NC | ND | MP | OH | OK | OR | PA | PR | RI | SC | SD | TN | TX | UM | UT | VT | VI | VA | WA | WV | WI | WY

Alabama[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Bon Secour National Wildlife Refuge[4] Alabama 1980 6,816 acres (27.58 km2)
Cahaba River National Wildlife Refuge Alabama September 25, 2002 2,997 acres (12.13 km2)[5]
Choctaw National Wildlife Refuge Alabama 1964 4,218 acres (17.07 km2)
Eufaula National Wildlife Refuge Alabama 1964 11,184 acres (45.26 km2)[6]
Fern Cave National Wildlife Refuge Alabama 1981 199 acres (0.81 km2)
Key Cave National Wildlife Refuge Alabama January 3, 1997 1,060 acres (4.3 km2)[7]
Mountain Longleaf National Wildlife Refuge Alabama May 29, 2003 9,016 acres (36.49 km2)
Sauta Cave National Wildlife Refuge Alabama 1978 264 acres (1.07 km2)
Watercress Darter National Wildlife Refuge Alabama 1980 24 acres (0.097 km2)
Wheeler National Wildlife Refuge Alabama 1938 35,000 acres (140 km2)[8]

Alaska[edit]

Map of National Wildlife Refuges of Alaska
Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge Alaska December 2, 1980[9] 3,421,420 acres (13,846.0 km2)
Alaska Peninsula National Wildlife Refuge Alaska December 2, 1980 3,574,259 acres (14,464.51 km2)
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Alaska December 6, 1960[10] 19,287,042 acres (78,051.89 km2)
Becharof National Wildlife Refuge Alaska December 2, 1980[11] 1,200,419.52 acres (4,857.9254 km2)
Innoko National Wildlife Refuge Alaska December 2, 1980[12] 3,850,800.94 acres (15,583.6385 km2)
Izembek National Wildlife Refuge Alaska December 2, 1980[13] 315,000 acres (1,270 km2)
Kanuti National Wildlife Refuge Alaska December 2, 1980[14] 1,637,000 acres (6,620 km2)
Kenai National Wildlife Refuge Alaska December 2, 1980[14] 1,912,470.47 acres (7,739.4934 km2)[15]
Kodiak National Wildlife Refuge Alaska August 19, 1941[16] 1,880,891.52 acres (7,611.6979 km2)[15]
Koyukuk National Wildlife Refuge Alaska 1980 3,550,159.96 acres (14,366.9876 km2)[15]
Nowitna National Wildlife Refuge Alaska 1980 1,560,239.99 acres (6,314.0672 km2)[15]
Selawik National Wildlife Refuge Alaska December 2, 1980 2,150,561.94 acres (8,703.0154 km2)[15]
Tetlin National Wildlife Refuge Alaska December 2, 1980 700,286.95 acres (2,833.9607 km2)[15]
Togiak National Wildlife Refuge Alaska December 2, 1980 4,104,246.80 acres (16,609.2975 km2)[15]
Yukon Delta National Wildlife Refuge Alaska December 2, 1980 19,226,606.25 acres (77,807.3150 km2)[15]
Yukon Flats National Wildlife Refuge Alaska December 2, 1980 8,636,951.06 acres (34,952.5009 km2)[15]

American Samoa[edit]

Arizona[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Bill Williams River National Wildlife Refuge[4] Arizona 1993[17] 6,105 acres (24.71 km2)
Buenos Aires National Wildlife Refuge Arizona 1985 117,107 acres (473.92 km2)
Cabeza Prieta National Wildlife Refuge Arizona 1939 860,010 acres (3,480.3 km2)
Cibola National Wildlife Refuge Arizona 1964 16,627 acres (67.29 km2)
Havasu National Wildlife Refuge Arizona 1941 37,515 acres (151.82 km2)
Imperial National Wildlife Refuge Arizona 1941 25,768 acres (104.28 km2)[18]
Kofa National Wildlife Refuge Arizona 1939 665,400 acres (2,693 km2)
Leslie Canyon National Wildlife Refuge Arizona 1988 2,770 acres (11.2 km2)
San Bernardino National Wildlife Refuge Arizona 1982 2,309 acres (9.34 km2)

Arkansas[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Bald Knob National Wildlife Refuge White County, Arkansas 1993 15,022 acres (60.79 km2) [19]
Big Lake National Wildlife Refuge Mississippi County, Arkansas 1915 11,038 acres (44.67 km2) [20]
Cache River National Wildlife Refuge Arkansas 1986 67,500 acres (273 km2) [21]
Felsenthal National Wildlife Refuge Arkansas 1970 64,902 acres (262.65 km2)
Holla Bend National Wildlife Refuge Pope and Yell Counties, Arkansas 1957 7,057 acres (28.56 km2) [22]
Logan Cave National Wildlife Refuge Arkansas March 14, 1989 123 acres (0.50 km2) [23]
Overflow National Wildlife Refuge Arkansas 1980 13,973 acres (56.55 km2) [24]
Pond Creek National Wildlife Refuge Arkansas 1994 27,300 acres (110 km2)
Wapanocca National Wildlife Refuge Crittenden County, Arkansas January 1961 5,484 acres (22.19 km2)
White River National Wildlife Refuge Arkansas 1935 160,756 acres (650.56 km2)

California[edit]

Colorado[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Alamosa National Wildlife Refuge Alamosa, Conejos and Costilla County, Colorado 1993 11,169 acres (45.20 km2)[25]
Arapaho National Wildlife Refuge Jackson County, Colorado 1967 23,464 acres (94.96 km2)[26]
Baca National Wildlife Refuge Saguache and Alamosa County, Colorado 2003 78,697 acres (318.48 km2)
Browns Park National Wildlife Refuge Moffat County, Colorado 1965 12,150 acres (49.2 km2)[27]
Monte Vista National Wildlife Refuge Alamosa and Rio Grande County, Colorado 1953 14,800 acres (60 km2)[27]
Rocky Flats National Wildlife Refuge Jefferson County, Colorado July 12, 2007 3,953 acres (16.00 km2)
Rocky Mountain Arsenal National Wildlife Refuge Adams County, Colorado 1992 15,988 acres (64.70 km2)
Two Ponds National Wildlife Refuge Jefferson County, Colorado 1992 72.2 acres (0.292 km2)

Connecticut[edit]

Delaware[edit]

District of Columbia[edit]

  • None

Florida[edit]

Florida uses an administrative complex grouping system to manage two to several refuges, wildlife management areas or other refuge conservation areas. The grouped areas may be located in a similar ecological region, watershed, ecosystem, share other related purposes, or management goals.

Georgia[edit]

Guam[edit]

Hawaiʻi[edit]

Idaho[edit]

Illinois[edit]

Indiana[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Big Oaks National Wildlife Refuge Jefferson, Jennings and Ripley Counties 2000 50,000 acres (200 km2)[33]
Muscatatuck National Wildlife Refuge Jackson, Jennings and Monroe Counties 1966 7,880 acres (31.9 km2)[34]
Patoka River National Wildlife Refuge and Management Area Gibson and Pike Counties 1994 23,962 acres (96.97 km2)[35]

Iowa[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
DeSoto National Wildlife Refuge * Harrison and Pottawattamie Counties in Iowa
* Washington County, Nebraska
1958 8,362 acres (33.84 km2)[36]
Driftless Area National Wildlife Refuge Allamakee, Clayton, Delaware, Dubuque and Jackson Counties (Also located in Illinois and Wisconsin) 1989 911 acres (3.69 km2)[37]
Iowa Wetland Management District
Neal Smith National Wildlife Refuge Jasper County 1990 8,654 acres (35.02 km2)[38]
Port Louisa National Wildlife Refuge * Louisa County, Iowa
* Mercer County, Illinois
1958 1,078 acres (4.36 km2)[39]
Union Slough National Wildlife Refuge Kossuth County 1938 3,334 acres (13.49 km2)[40]

Kansas[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Flint Hills National Wildlife Refuge Coffey and Lyon Counties 1966 18,463 acres (74.72 km2)[41]
Kirwin National Wildlife Refuge Phillips County 1954 10,778 acres (43.62 km2)[42]
Marais des Cygnes National Wildlife Refuge Linn County 1992 7,500 acres (30 km2)[43]
Quivira National Wildlife Refuge Reno, Rice and Stafford Counties 1955 22,135 acres (89.58 km2)[44]

Kentucky[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Clarks River National Wildlife Refuge Graves, Marshall and McCracken Counties 1997 8,040 acres (32.5 km2)[45]

Louisiana[edit]

Maine[edit]

Maryland[edit]

Massachusetts[edit]

Michigan[edit]

Minnesota[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Agassiz National Wildlife Refuge Marshall County 1937 61,500 acres (249 km2)[46]
Big Stone National Wildlife Refuge Big Stone and Lac qui Parle Counties 1975 11,586 acres (46.89 km2)[47]
Big Stone Wetland Management District Lincoln and Lyon Counties 1975 3,000 acres (12 km2)
Crane Meadows National Wildlife Refuge Morrison County 1992 13,540 acres (54.8 km2)[27]
Detroit Lakes Wetland Management District Becker, Clay, Mahnomen, Norman, and Polk Counties 1953 53,000 acres (210 km2)
Fergus Falls Wetland Management District Douglas, Grant, Otter Tail, Wadena, and Wilkin Counties 1962 72,699 acres (294.20 km2)
Glacial Ridge National Wildlife Refuge Polk County 2004 37,756 acres (152.79 km2)
Hamden Slough National Wildlife Refuge Becker County 1989 5,944 acres (24.05 km2)
Litchfield Wetland Management District Kandiyohi, McLeod, Meeker, Renville, Stearns, Todd, and Wright Counties 1978 36,000 acres (150 km2)
Mille Lacs National Wildlife Refuge Mille Lacs County 1915 0.57 acres (0.0023 km2)
Minnesota Valley National Wildlife Refuge Carver, Dakota, Le Sueur, Hennepin, Scott, and Sibley Counties 1976 14,000 acres (57 km2)
Minnesota Valley Wetland Management District Blue Earth, Carver, Dakota, Le Sueur, Rice, Scott, Sibley, Steele, Waseca, and Watonwan Counties 1988 8,000 acres (32 km2)
Morris Wetland Management District Big Stone, Chippewa, Lac qui Parle, Pope, Stevens, Swift, Traverse, and Yellow Medicine Counties 50,000 acres (200 km2)
Northern Tallgrass Prairie National Wildlife Refuge Lincoln, Otter Tail, Rock, and Stevens Counties (Also located in Iowa) 2000 5,000 acres (20 km2)
Rice Lake National Wildlife Refuge Aitkin County 1935 18,208 acres (73.69 km2)
Rydell National Wildlife Refuge Polk County 1992 2,120 acres (8.6 km2)
Sherburne National Wildlife Refuge Sherburne County 1965 30,700 acres (124 km2)
Tamarac National Wildlife Refuge Becker County 1938 42,724 acres (172.90 km2)
Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge Houston, Wabasha and Winona Counties (Also located in Illinois, Iowa, and Wisconsin) 1924 240,000 acres (970 km2)
Windom Wetland Management District Brown, Cottonwood, Faribault, Freeborn, Jackson, Martin, Murray, Nobles, Pipestone, Redwood, Rock and Watonwan. 14,000 acres (57 km2)

Mississippi[edit]

Missouri[edit]

Montana[edit]

Nebraska[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Boyer Chute National Wildlife Refuge Washington County 1992 4,040 acres (16.3 km2)[48]
Crescent Lake National Wildlife Refuge Garden County 1931 45,818 acres (185.42 km2)[49]
Fort Niobrara National Wildlife Refuge Cherry County 1912 19,131 acres (77.42 km2)[50]
John and Louise Seier National Wildlife Refuge Rock County 1999 2,400 acres (9.7 km2)[51]
North Platte National Wildlife Refuge Scotts Bluff County 1916 5,047 acres (20.42 km2)[52]
Rainwater Basin Wetland Management District Clay, Fillmore, Franklin, Gosper, Hall, Hamilton, Kearney, Phelps, Saline, Seward and York Counties 1963 22,864 acres (92.53 km2)[53]
Valentine National Wildlife Refuge Cherry County 1935 71,516 acres (289.41 km2)[54]

Nevada[edit]

New Hampshire[edit]

New Jersey[edit]

New Mexico[edit]

New York[edit]

North Carolina[edit]

North Dakota[edit]

Northern Mariana Islands[edit]

  • None

Ohio[edit]

Oklahoma[edit]

Oregon[edit]

Pennsylvania[edit]

Puerto Rico[edit]

Rhode Island[edit]

South Carolina[edit]

South Dakota[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Bear Butte National Wildlife Refuge Meade County 1935 374 acres (1.51 km2)[55]
Huron Wetland Management District Beadle, Buffalo, Hand, Hughes, Hyde, Jerauld, Sanborn and Sully Counties 1992 17,518 acres (70.89 km2)[56]
Karl E. Mundt National Wildlife Refuge Gregory County, South Dakota and Boyd County, Nebraska 1974 1,085 acres (4.39 km2)[57]
Lacreek National Wildlife Refuge Bennett County 1935 16,410 acres (66.4 km2)[58]
Lake Andes National Wildlife Refuge Charles Mix County 1936 5,638 acres (22.82 km2)[59]
Lake Andes Wetland Management District Aurora, Bon Homme, Brule, Charles Mix, Clay, Davison, Douglas, Hanson, Hutchinson, Lincoln, Union and Yankton Counties 1961 82,731 acres (334.80 km2)[60]
Madison Wetland Management District Brookings, Deuel, Hamlin, Kingsbury, Lake, McCook, Miner, Minnehaha and Moody Counties 1969 129,700 acres (525 km2)[61]
Sand Lake National Wildlife Refuge Brown County 1935 21,498 acres (87.00 km2)[62]
Sand Lake Wetland Management District Brown, Campbell, Edmunds, Faulk, McPherson, Potter, Spink and Walworth Counties 1961 45,000 acres (180 km2)[63]
Waubay National Wildlife Refuge Day County 1935 4,650 acres (18.8 km2)[64]
Waubay Wetland Management District Clark, Codington, Day, Grant, Marshall and Roberts Counties 1935 40,000 acres (160 km2)[65]

Tennessee[edit]

Texas[edit]

U.S. Minor Outlying Islands[edit]

Map of the Hawaiian and Remote Pacific Islands

Utah[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Bear River Migratory Bird Refuge Box Elder County 1928 79,000 acres (320 km2)[66]
Fish Springs National Wildlife Refuge Juab County 1959 17,992 acres (72.81 km2)[67]
Ouray National Wildlife Refuge Uintah County 1960 11,987 acres (48.51 km2)[68]

Vermont[edit]

Virgin Islands (U.S.)[edit]

Virginia[edit]

Washington[edit]

West Virginia[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Canaan Valley National Wildlife Refuge Tucker County 11 July 1994 16,613.44 acres (67.2322 km2)
Ohio River Islands National Wildlife Refuge Ohio River 1990 2,664.54 acres (10.7830 km2)

Wisconsin[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Driftless Area National Wildlife Refuge Grant and Richland Counties (Also located in Illinois and Iowa) 1989 812 acres (3.29 km2)[69]
Fox River National Wildlife Refuge Marquette County 1979 1,054 acres (4.27 km2)[70]
Gravel Island National Wildlife Refuge Door County 1913 28 acres (0.11 km2)[71]
Green Bay National Wildlife Refuge Door County 1912 330 acres (1.3 km2)[72]
Horicon National Wildlife Refuge Dodge and Fond du Lac Counties 1941 21,400 acres (87 km2)[73]
Leopold Wetland Management District Southeastern Wisconsin 1993 13,000 acres (53 km2)[74]
Necedah National Wildlife Refuge Juneau County 1939 43,696 acres (176.83 km2)[75]
St. Croix Wetland Management District Barron, Burnett, Dunn, Pepin, Pierce, Polk, St. Croix and Washburn Counties 1992 7,500 acres (30 km2)[76]
Trempealeau National Wildlife Refuge Buffalo and Trempealeau Counties 1936 6,226 acres (25.20 km2)[77]
Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge Buffalo, Crawford, Grant, La Crosse, Trempealeau, and Vernon Counties (Also located in Illinois, Iowa and Minnesota) 1924 240,000 acres (970 km2)[78]
Whittlesey Creek National Wildlife Refuge Bayfield County 1999 329 acres (1.33 km2)[79]

Wyoming[edit]

See also[edit]

List of largest National Wildlife Refuges

References[edit]

  1. ^ Live Science: New US Wildlife Refuge Established in Florida- Retrieved 2017-12-25
  2. ^ USFWS, David Eisenhauer,. "U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to Establish National Wildlife Refuge in Pennsylvania, National Wildlife Refuge System". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  3. ^ "National Wildlife Refuge System". U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 3 September 2016.
  4. ^ a b "About the Refuge - Bon Secour National Wildlife Refuge". Retrieved 3 September 2016.
  5. ^ "Cahaba River National Wildlife Refuge" (PDF). FWS. Retrieved 3 September 2016.
  6. ^ "Eufala National Wildlife Refuge". Retrieved 3 September 2016.
  7. ^ "Key Cave". Retrieved 3 September 2016.
  8. ^ "Wheeler Brochure" (PDF). Retrieved 3 September 2016.
  9. ^ "Refuge Establishment". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 17 September 2016.
  10. ^ "Refuge Establishment". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 17 September 2016.
  11. ^ "Refuge History - Becharof - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  12. ^ "Refuge History". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 17 September 2016.
  13. ^ "Refuge History". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 12 May 2017.
  14. ^ a b "Refuge History". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 12 May 2017.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Statistical Data Tables for Fish & Wildlife Service Lands (as of 9/30/2017)" (PDF). U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
  16. ^ "Refuge History". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 23 Mar 2018.
  17. ^ "About the Refuge - Bill Williams River National Wildlife Refuge". U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 4 September 2016.
  18. ^ "About the Refuge". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 4 September 2016.
  19. ^ https://www.fws.gov/southeast/pubs/facts/bldcon.pdf
  20. ^ https://www.fws.gov/southeast/pubs/facts/bglcon.pdf
  21. ^ https://www.fws.gov/southeast/pubs/facts/checon.pdf
  22. ^ https://www.fws.gov/southeast/pubs/facts/hlbcon.pdf
  23. ^ 404-679-7292, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Debbie Young,. "Logan Cave National Wildlife Refuge". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  24. ^ https://www.fws.gov/southeast/pubs/facts/ovfcon.pdf
  25. ^ "About the Refuge - Alamosa - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  26. ^ "About the Refuge - Arapaho - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  27. ^ a b c "About the Refuge - Browns Park - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 15 September 2018. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "fws.gov" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  28. ^ FWS: Crystal River Complex- Retrieved 2017-12-26
  29. ^ J.N. 'Ding' Darling NWR Complex- Retrieved 2017-12-26
  30. ^ Merritt Island NWR Complex- Retrieved 2017-12-25
  31. ^ Everglades Headwaters NWR Complex-Retrieved 2017-12-25
  32. ^ Florida Keys National Wildlife Refuges Complex- Retrieved 2017-12-27
  33. ^ "About the Refuge - Big Oaks - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  34. ^ "About the Refuge - Muscatatuck - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  35. ^ "About the Refuge - Patoka River - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  36. ^ "About the Refuge - DeSoto - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  37. ^ "About the Refuge - Driftless Area - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  38. ^ "Home - Neal Smith - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  39. ^ "Home - Port Louisa - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  40. ^ "Home - Union Slough - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  41. ^ "About the Refuge - Flint Hills - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  42. ^ "About the Refuge - Kirwin - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  43. ^ "About the Refuge - Marais des Cygnes - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  44. ^ "About the Refuge - Quivira - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  45. ^ "About the Refuge - Clarks River - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  46. ^ "Home - Agassiz National Wildlife Refuge - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  47. ^ "About the Refuge - Big Stone - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  48. ^ "Home - Boyer Chute - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  49. ^ "About the Refuge - Crescent Lake - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  50. ^ "Home - Ft. Niobrara - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  51. ^ "Home - John and Louise Seier - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  52. ^ "Home - John and Louise Seier - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  53. ^ "Home - Rainwater Basin - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  54. ^ "Home - Valentine - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  55. ^ "COMPREHENSIVE CONSERVATION PLAN - Bear Butte National Wildlife Refuge - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  56. ^ "About the District - Huron - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  57. ^ "About the Refuge - Karl E. Mundt - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  58. ^ "About the Refuge - Lacreek - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  59. ^ "About the Refuge - Lake Andes - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  60. ^ "About the District - Lake Andes - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  61. ^ "About the District - Madison - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  62. ^ "About the Refuge - Sand Lake - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  63. ^ "About the District - Sand Lake - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  64. ^ "About the Refuge - Waubay - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  65. ^ "About the District - Waubay - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  66. ^ "About the Refuge - Bear River Migratory Bird Refuge - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  67. ^ "About the Refuge - Fish Springs - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  68. ^ "About the Refuge - Ouray - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  69. ^ "About the Refuge - Driftless Area - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  70. ^ "About the Refuge - Fox River - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  71. ^ "About the Refuge - Gravel Island - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  72. ^ "About the Refuge - Green Bay - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  73. ^ "About the Refuge - Horicon - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  74. ^ "About the District - Leopold - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  75. ^ "About the Refuge - Necedah - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  76. ^ "About the District - St. Croix - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  77. ^ "About the Refuge - Trempealeau - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  78. ^ "About the Refuge - Upper Mississippi NWFR - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  79. ^ "Home - Valentine - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.

US Fish and Wildlife Service list of National Wildlife Refuges