List of Native American Medal of Honor recipients

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This is a list of Native Americans awarded the nation's highest military decoration — the Medal of Honor. The Medal of Honor is bestowed "for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of life, above and beyond the call of duty, in actual combat against an armed enemy force." The medal is awarded by the President of the United States on behalf of the Congress.

Of the 3,469 Medals of Honor awarded as of 2010, 29 have been awarded to Native Americans.

The Medal of Honor was created during the American Civil War and is the highest military decoration presented by the United States government to a member of its armed forces. The recipient must have distinguished themselves at the risk of their own life above and beyond the call of duty in action against an enemy of the United States. Due to the nature of this medal, it is commonly presented posthumously.[1]

List of recipients[edit]

  This along with * indicates that the Medal of Honor was awarded posthumously
Name Tribe/Nation Service Rank Conflict Place of action Date of action Notes
Co-Rux-Te-Chod-Ish Pawnee Army Sergeant Indian Wars Republican River, Kansas July 8, 1869 "Ran out from the command in pursuit of a dismounted Indian; was shot down and badly wounded by a bullet from his own command"
Chiquito White Mountain Apache Army Scout Indian Wars Arizona Territory Winter of 1871–1873 For his "conduct during campaigns and engagements with Apaches"
Jim White Mountain Apache Army Sergeant Indian Wars
Winter of 1871–1873 For his "conduct during campaigns and engagements with Apaches"
Machol Apache Army Private Indian Wars Arizona Territory 1872–1873 For his "conduct during campaigns and engagements with Apaches"
Nannasaddie White Mountain Apache Army Scout Indian Wars Arizona Territory 1872–1873 For his "conduct during campaigns and engagements with Apaches"
Nantaje White Mountain Apache Army Scout Indian Wars Arizona Territory 1872–1873 For his "conduct during campaigns and engagements with Apaches"
William Alchesay White Mountain Apache Army Sergeant Indian Wars Arizona Territory Winter of 1872–1873 For his "conduct during campaigns and engagements with Apaches"
Blanquet Apache Army Scout Indian Wars Arizona Territory Winter of 1872–1873 For his "conduct during campaigns and engagements with Apaches"
Elsatsoosu Apache Army Corporal Indian Wars Arizona Territory Winter of 1872–1873 For his "conduct during campaigns and engagements with Apaches"
Kelsay White Mountain Apache Army Scout Indian Wars Arizona Territory Winter of 1872–1873 For his "conduct during campaigns and engagements with Apaches"
Kosoha White Mountain Apache Army Scout Indian Wars Arizona Territory Winter of 1872–1873 For his "conduct during campaigns and engagements with Apaches"
Adam Paine Black Seminole Army Private Indian Wars Canyon Blanco tributary of the Red River, Texas September 26, 1874 – September 27, 1874 "Rendered invaluable service to Col. R. S. Mackenzie, 4th U.S. Cavalry, during this engagement"
Pompey Factor Black Seminole Army Private Indian Wars Pecos River, Texas April 25, 1875 With three others, charged a numerically superior force
Isaac Payne Black Seminole Army Trumpeter Indian Wars Pecos River, Texas April 25, 1875 With three others, charged a numerically superior force
John Ward Black Seminole Army Sergeant Indian Wars Pecos River, Texas April 25, 1875 With three others, charged a numerically superior force
Rowdy Apache Army Sergeant Indian Wars Arizona Territory March 7, 1890
Pappy Boyington Sioux Marine Corps Major World War II Central Solomons area, Pacific Ocean September 12, 1943 – January 3, 1944 Led his squadron in a series of missions against superior numbers
Ernest Childers Muscogee[2] Army Second Lieutenant World War II Oliveto, Italy September 22, 1943 Although injured, killed two snipers and attacked two machine gun nests
Jack C. Montgomery Cherokee[2] Army First Lieutenant World War II near Padiglione, Italy February 22, 1944 Single-handedly attacked two German positions and took dozens of prisoners
Van T. Barfoot Choctaw[2] Army Technical Sergeant World War II near Carano, Italy May 23, 1944 Single-handedly destroyed two machine gun nests, took prisoners, and disabled a tank
Roy W. Harmon* Army Sergeant World War II near Casaglia, Italy July 12, 1944 Single-handedly attacked three German positions although wounded
Ernest E. Evans* Cherokee/Muscogee[3] Navy Commander World War II off Samar, Philippines October 25, 1944 In battle off Samar, where a major portion of the Japanese Battle fleet surprised the Taffy 3 escort carrier task unit, Evans immediately attacked with his single destroyer, the Johnston, against overwhelming odds. At the cost of his own life, his ship, and much of his crew, they helped to inflict the amazing defeat on the enemy battleships and cruisers by a far inferior American force.
John N. Reese, Jr.* Army Private First Class World War II Paco Railroad Station, Manila, Philippines February 9, 1945 With another soldier, attacked a Japanese-held railroad station
Mitchell Red Cloud, Jr.* Ho-Chunk[2] Army Corporal Korean War near Chonghyon, Korea November 5, 1950 Maintained an exposed position, continued to fight after being wounded
Raymond Harvey Chickasaw[4] Army Captain Korean War near Taemi-Dong, Korea March 9, 1951 Led his men against a series of emplacements, continued to lead after being wounded
Tony K. Burris* Choctaw[5] Army Sergeant First Class Korean War near Mundung-ni, Korea October 8, 1951 – October 9, 1951 Single-handedly attacked two positions although wounded, killed while attacking a third
Woodrow W. Keeble* Sioux[6] Army Master Sergeant Korean War near Sangsan-ni, Korea October 20, 1951 Single-handedly attacked three machine gun nests
Charles George* Cherokee[2] Army Private First Class Korean War near Songnae-dong, Korea November 30, 1952 Smothered the blast of a grenade with his body
James E. Williams Cherokee Navy Boatswain's Mate 1st Class Vietnam War Mekong River, South Vietnam October 31, 1966 Destroyed 65 boats and over 1,000 enemy
Michael E. Thornton Cherokee[2] Navy Petty Officer 2nd Class Vietnam War South Vietnam October 31, 1972 Through a hail of fire he succeeded in removing his seriously wounded superior officer then towed him two hours in the water until being rescued

References[edit]

  1. ^ "A Brief History — The Medal of Honor". Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ). Department of Defense. August 8, 2006. Archived from the original on June 15, 2009. Retrieved February 9, 2010.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Native American Medal of Honor Winners". Naval History & Heritage Command. June 13, 2005. Archived from the original on July 3, 1998. Retrieved September 26, 2009.
  3. ^ Thomas, Evan (2006). Sea of Thunder: Four Commanders and the Last Great Naval Campaign, 1941–1945. New York: Simon & Schuster. pp. 53–54. ISBN 978-0-7432-5221-8.
  4. ^ Jackson, Ron (March 27, 2009). "Story of Chickasaw hero Lt. Col. Raymond Harvey emerges into spotlight". The Oklahoman. Oklahoma City. Retrieved September 26, 2009.
  5. ^ "Chief's Column October 2007". Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma. October 2007. Retrieved September 26, 2009.[dead link]
  6. ^ Wire, Sarah D. (March 4, 2008). Family accepts 1st Medal of Honor awarded to Sioux tribal member. Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles. Retrieved September 26, 2009.