List of Native American peoples in the United States

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This is a list of Native American peoples in the United States. The various tribal entities are listed. The alphabetical section includes all known names of the tribes. Below that are nations that came into being between the 17th century & the 19th century. Tribes that formed after 1900 are not included, nor are nations with a nexus only in Canada or Mexico.

This list does not include ancient civilizations or cultures whose true names have been lost to time, nor does it include sub-tribes or tribal districts.

Native populations today[edit]

See also List of Native American peoples in the United States

There are currently[when?] decent-sized[clarification needed]populations of Seneca, Saponi, Lenape, Tutelo, Miami and Shawnee in the state, however they are not all federally recognized, or are enrolled in a federally recognized tribe. Despite this, the State has offered limited tribal recognition to many of them. Tribal members are not required to live on reservations in order to retain status, and there are currently no reservations for native peoples within the state today.[1][2][3] Also, a large amount of Ohioans today claim ancestry of Cherokee, Blackfoot (clearly, Saponi, aka Eastern Blackfoot, is meant), Chippewa (Odawa), and Shawnee, as well as of various Iroquoians groups.

Alphabetical listing[edit]






  • Edistow-- Stono (extinct)
  • Eno -- Wyanoke (extinct. Merged with Saponi/ Nottoway)
  • Erie -- Eriez, Riquechronon, Cat, Chat (extinct)
  • Esselen
  • Eyak


















'extinct' indicates the tribe no longer exists. 'endangered' indicates the tribe has less than 100 members still living.

Amerindian Nations of the U.S. Which Formed between 1600-1900[edit]

  • Abenaki-- Wabanaki Confederacy (17th century.)
  • Arapahoe-- (18th century.)
  • Assiniboine-- Hohe, Yankton, Nakoda, Stoney, Hidusidi (18th century.)
  • Cherokee -- Lower, Valley/Middle, and Cherokee Tsalagi (17th century)
  • Cheyenne-- (19th century.)
  • Chickamauga -- (18th century)
  • Chisca -- Kispoko (18th century. merged with Shawnee.)
  • Choctaw -- Chahta, Flathead (Not related to Ktxana Flatheads. 17th century.)
  • Coharie (18th century)
  • Comanche (17th century)
  • Conoy (extinct. Broke away. 16th/ 17th century)
  • Coushatta -- Koasati and Kaskinampo people (17th century.)
  • Coyaha -- Yuchi (17th century.)
  • Creek Confederacy -- Muscogee (18th century. fractured.)
  • Fauk (17th century. migrated from Canada)
  • Guale -- Oade (extinct. 17th century.)
  • Hasinai -- Texas Caddo, Angelina and Neches Rivers (17th century.)
  • Hidatsa -- Hiraacá, Minnetaree (18th century.)
  • Hitchiti (17th century.)
  • Houma (18th century. broke away.)
  • Iron Confederacy (18th century. fractured.)
  • Kadohadacho -- Arkansas/Texas Caddo, Red River bend (17th century.)
  • Lumbee (18th century.)
  • Mingo Seneca (18th century. broke away.)
  • Natchitoches -- Louisiana Caddo, Red River (17th century.)
  • Oabano (broke away. 17th/ 18th century)
  • Odawa -- Mississaugas (19th century. broke away.)
  • Ojibwe (19th century. broke away.)
  • Paiute[disambiguation needed] -- Nuwu (17th/ 18th century.)
  • Pequot -- (extinct. split away. 17th century)
  • Sauk -- Ozaagiiweg, Sac, Saag (17th century. migrated from Canada.)
  • Schaghticoke (17th century.)
  • Seminole -- Lower Creeks (17th century.)
  • Shawnee (17th century.)
  • Tiontatecaga -- Gwiandotte, Little Mingo (extinct. 17th century. Merged with Mingo Seneca.)
  • Tomahittan (17th century. broke away.)
  • Wea (18th century. broke away/ may be same as Mascouten?)
  • Westo (extinct. 17th century.)
  • Wyandot (17th century. broke away.)
  • Yamasee (17th century.)

* 'Broke away' indicates the tribe was known before, but was part of a larger group. Tribes who came into existence by breaking away are not so labelled.

  • 'fractured' indicates that the group fractured into multiple tribes.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Seneca Indians – Ohio History Central". Retrieved August 17, 2017.
  2. ^ "Saponi Nation of Ohio". Retrieved August 17, 2017.
  3. ^ "Ohio Tribes – AAA Native Arts". Retrieved August 17, 2017.